Results for 'Dennis V. Lindley'

994 found
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  1.  41
    Plural analysis: Multiple approaches to quantitative research. [REVIEW]Rex V. Brown & Dennis V. Lindley - 1986 - Theory and Decision 20 (2):133-154.
  2.  9
    The human predicament: an international dialogue on the meaning of human behavior.Dennis V. Razis (ed.) - 1996 - Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
    The critical issues facing the human community population growth, sustained development, threats to the environment, the arms race, the ethical/philosophical challenges in light of advances in science and technology, and our very survival as a species require a multidisciplinary approach grounded in a clear understanding of human behavior. Fifty-one scholars from 11 countries representing 19 disciplines met at Delphi, Greece, to discuss and debate why we do what we do to ourselves and our world. Out of this vigorous exchange emerged (...)
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  3.  21
    Ethical aspects of the safety of medicines and other social chemicals.Dennis V. Parke - 1995 - Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (3):283-298.
    The historical background of the discovery of adverse health effects of medicines, food additives, pesticides, and other chemicals is reviewed, and the development of national and international regulations and testing procedures to protect the public against the toxic effects of these drugs and chemicals is outlined. Ethical considerations of the safety evaluation of drugs and chemicals by human experimentation and animal toxicity studies, ethical problems associated with clinical trials, with the falsification of clinical and toxicological data, and with inadequate experimental (...)
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  4.  36
    Improving judgment by reconciling incoherence.R. V. Brown & D. V. Lindley - 1982 - Theory and Decision 14 (2):113-132.
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  5.  20
    Ethical aspects of the safety of medicines and other social chemicals.Professor Dennis V. Parke - 1995 - Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (3):283-298.
    The historical background of the discovery of adverse health effects of medicines, food additives, pesticides, and other chemicals is reviewed, and the development of national and international regulations and testing procedures to protect the public against the toxic effects of these drugs and chemicals is outlined. Ethical considerations of the safety evaluation of drugs and chemicals by human experimentation and animal toxicity studies, ethical problems associated with clinical trials, with the falsification of clinical and toxicological data, and with inadequate experimental (...)
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  6. A statistical paradox.D. V. Lindley - 1957 - Biometrika 44 (1/2):187-192.
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  7.  66
    The distinction between inference and decision.D. V. Lindley - 1977 - Synthese 36 (1):51 - 58.
  8.  26
    Why g is not an adaptation: A comment on Kanazawa (2004).Denny Borsboom & Conor V. Dolan - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (2):433-437.
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  9.  7
    A Study of the Cognomina of Soldiers in the Roman Legions.R. V. D. M. & Lindley Richard Dean - 1916 - American Journal of Philology 37 (2):217.
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  10.  9
    Review of P. Gärdenfors, B. Hansson and N-E. Sahlin: Evidentiary Value: Philosophical, Judicial and Psychological Aspects of a Theory[REVIEW]D. V. Lindley - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (3):293-296.
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  11.  37
    Bayesian inference given data?significant at??: Tests of point hypotheses.D. J. Johnstone & D. V. Lindley - 1995 - Theory and Decision 38 (1):51-60.
  12.  48
    Elementary proof that mean–variance implies quadratic utility.D. J. Johnstone & D. V. Lindley - 2011 - Theory and Decision 70 (2):149-155.
    An extensive literature overlapping economics, statistical decision theory and finance, contrasts expected utility [EU] with the more recent framework of mean–variance (MV). A basic proposition is that MV follows from EU under the assumption of quadratic utility. A less recognized proposition, first raised by Markowitz, is that MV is fully justified under EU, if and only if utility is quadratic. The existing proof of this proposition relies on an assumption from EU, described here as “Buridan’s axiom” after the French philosopher’s (...)
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  13.  15
    Reviews. [REVIEW]D. V. Lindley - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (3):293-296.
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  14.  17
    Effects of variable-irrelevant dimensions on the discrimination reversal learning of nursery school children.J. Dennis Nolan & Leah V. Pendarvis - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):428.
  15.  4
    Hannibal's March in History.W. V. Harris & Dennis Proctor - 1974 - American Journal of Philology 95 (4):421.
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  16.  14
    An interdisciplinary perspective on private sector engagement in cross‐sector partnerships: The why_, _where_, and _how.Jennifer Sdunzik, Daniel K. Bampoh, Joseph V. Sinfield, Lindley McDavid, Daniel Burgess & Wilella D. Burgess - 2022 - Business and Society Review 127 (3):591-616.
    Private sector engagement (PSE) is increasingly acknowledged in both literature and practice as a necessary mechanism to sustainably address development challenges. Despite increased practitioner and academic interest in these partnerships, there have been negligible attempts to systematically investigate cross-sector partnerships to distill best practices from the multiple environments in which they are employed. This manuscript presents a robust review of the social science and business literatures on cross-sector partnerships, yielding an interdisciplinary, evidence-based framework detailing archetypes of three prominent partnership characteristics (...)
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  17.  4
    Přesocializovaná koncepce člověka v moderní sociologii.Dennis H. Wrong - 2019 - Teorie Vědy / Theory of Science 39 (3-4):209-231.
    Dennis H. Wrong postulates sociological theory’s origins in the asking of general questions about man and society. Th e answers lose their meaning if they are elaborated without reference to the questions, as has been the case in much contemporary theory. An example is the Hobbesian question of how men become tractable to social controls. Th e two-fold answer of contemporary theory is that man „internalizes“ social norms and seeks a favorable self-image by conforming to the „expectations“ of others. (...)
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  18.  9
    Identity, Morality, and Threat: Studies in Violent Conflict.David G. Alpher, Sandra I. Cheldelin, Rom Harre, S. Ayse Kadayifici-Orellana, Joseph V. Montville, Marc H. Ross, Dennis J. D. Sandole, Peter N. Stearns, Lena Tan & Edward A. Tiryakian (eds.) - 2006 - Lexington Books.
    Identity, Morality, and Threat offers a critical examination of the social psychological processes that generate outgroup devaluation and ingroup glorification as the source of conflict. Daniel Rothbart and Karyna Korostelina bring together essays analyzing the causal relationship between escalating violence and opposing images of the Self and Other.
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  19.  69
    Book Reviews Section 2.Donald Melcer, Frederick B. Davis, Dennis J. Hocevar, Francis J. Kelly, Joseph L. Braga, Verne Keenan, Joseph C. English, Douglas K. Stevenson, James C. Moore, Paul G. Liberty, Thebon Alexander, Jebe E. Brophy, Ronald M. Brown, W. D. Halls, Frederick M. Binder, Jacob L. Susskind, David B. Ripley, Martin Laforse, Bernard Spodek, V. Robert Agostino, R. Mclaren Sawyer, Joseph Kirschner, Franklin Parker & Hilary E. Bender - 1972 - Educational Studies 3 (4):212-225.
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  20.  10
    L'Opera di Einstein.Enrico Bellone, John Stachel, Francoise Balibar, Bruno Bertotti, Dennis W. Sciama, Giovanni V. Pallottino, Paolo Budinich, JeanMarc Lévy-Leblond, Remo Bodei, Dieder Wandschneider, Wolfgang Kaempfer, Paolo Zellini, Friedrich Cramer, Heinz D. Kittsteiner & Umberto Curi (eds.) - 1989 - Ferrara: G. Corbo.
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  21.  6
    The Effects of Auditory Contrast Tuning upon Speech Intelligibility.Nathan J. Killian, Paul V. Watkins, Lisa S. Davidson & Dennis L. Barbour - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  22.  9
    Methodological Problems With Online Concussion Testing.Jameson Holden, Eric Francisco, Anna Tommerdahl, Rachel Lensch, Bryan Kirsch, Laila Zai, Alan J. Pearce, Oleg V. Favorov, Robert G. Dennis & Mark Tommerdahl - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  23.  9
    Jill V. Buroker, "Space and Incongruence: The Origin of Kant's Idealism". [REVIEW]Dennis J. Martin - 1983 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (4):575.
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  24.  29
    Peters Edition v. Batt: The Intertextuality of Silence. [REVIEW]Dennis Kurzon - 2007 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 20 (4):285-303.
    The article deals, on the one hand, with a legal conflict between a musical performer/arranger, Mike Batt, and the estate of a composer of avant-garde music, John Cage, over copyright. It is also concerned with the field of intertextuality – how meaning is created in a text or in a work of art, whether it is visual, musical or verbal, through allusions and quotations to previous texts or works of art. The controversy, which did not reach the courts because of (...)
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  25.  24
    Full Disclosure of the ‘Raw Data’ of Research on Humans: Citizens’ Rights, Product Manufacturers’ Obligations and the Quality of the Scientific Database.Dennis J. Mazur - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (2):90-99.
    This guide accompanies the following article(s): ‘Full Disclosure of the “Raw Data” of Research on Humans: Citizens’ Rights, Product Manufacturer’s Obligations and the Quality of the Scientific Database.’Philosophy Compass 6/2 (2011): 90–99. doi: 10.1111/j.1747‐9991.2010.00376.x Author’s Introduction Securing consent (and informed consent) from patients and research study participants is a key concern in patient care and research on humans. Yet, the legal doctrines of consent and informed consent differ in their applications. In patient care, the judicial doctrines of consent and informed (...)
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  26.  25
    Teaching & Learning Guide for: Full Disclosure of the ‘Raw Data’ of Research on Humans: Citizens’ Rights, Product Manufacturers’ Obligations and the Quality of the Scientific Database.Dennis J. Mazur - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (2):152-157.
    This guide accompanies the following article(s): ‘Full Disclosure of the “Raw Data” of Research on Humans: Citizens’ Rights, Product Manufacturer’s Obligations and the Quality of the Scientific Database.’Philosophy Compass 6/2 (2011): 90–99. doi: 10.1111/j.1747‐9991.2010.00376.x Author’s Introduction Securing consent (and informed consent) from patients and research study participants is a key concern in patient care and research on humans. Yet, the legal doctrines of consent and informed consent differ in their applications. In patient care, the judicial doctrines of consent and informed (...)
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  27.  27
    Moment of Silence: Constitutional Transparency and Judicial Control.Dennis Kurzon - 2011 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 24 (2):195-209.
    The paper looks at the establishment of religion clause in the First Amendment to the US Constitution, and cases, e.g. Brown v. Gilmore, followed by Croft v. Perry and Sherman v. Koch, cases that relate to the concept of the “moment of silence” in educational institutions in which it was claimed that such events constitute a breach of the establishment clause. Courts have been inconsistent in their decision-making, which may indicate a lack of transparency not only in the interpretation of (...)
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  28.  78
    Comments on Krister Bykvist 'prudence for changing selves'.Dennis Mckerlie - 2007 - Utilitas 19 (1):47-50.
    I very much enjoyed reading and thinking about Krister Bykvist's interesting and carefully written paper. My comments will not be criticisms. I will not challenge the conclusions the paper draws about the complicated examples of conflicts between preferences that it discusses. For example, I will not attempt to defend any of the views criticized in section IV of the paper. And I agree with the positive solution presented in section V, when that solution is characterized in the broadest possible way. (...)
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  29.  5
    Animal plasma membrane energization by proton‐motive V‐ATPases.Helmut Wieczorek, Dennis Brown, Sergio Grinstein, Jordi Ehrenfeld & William R. Harvey - 1999 - Bioessays 21 (8):637-648.
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  30.  6
    Animal plasma membrane energization by proton-motive V-ATPases.Helmut Wieczorek, Dennis Brown, Sergio Grinstein, Jordi Ehrenfeld & William R. Harvey - 1999 - Bioessays 21 (8):637-648.
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  31.  3
    Law's Pragmatism: Law as Practice & Narrative.Dennis Patterson - 2013 - Faculty of Law, University of Toronto.
    I begin, in Parts I-III, by presenting the details of the Baker and Hacker/community consensus debate over the nature of rule-following in the later Wittgenstein. In Part IV this philosophical debate is related to the law through the argument that there is both an internal and an external element to rule-following in law. I here assert one of the principal claims of my position: viz., that legal argument is directed at constructing the point of law. Part V introduces the distinction (...)
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  32.  28
    Lord Nottingham and the Conscience of Equity.Dennis R. Klinck - 2006 - Journal of the History of Ideas 67 (1):123-147.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Lord Nottingham and the Conscience of EquityDennis R. KlinckI. Introduction"There is nothing more in our Mouths than Conscience," wrote John Sharp in the 1680s, echoing a sentiment that had been expressed before in the seventeenth century.1 Indeed, one modern writer has observed, uncontroversially, that that century "can justly be called the Age of Conscience."2 Among the foci of this preoccupation one can identify such topics as moral and religious (...)
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  33.  14
    Philosophical ideas in spiritual culture of the indigenous peoples of north America.S. V. Rudenko & Y. A. Sobolievskyi - 2020 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 18:168-182.
    The purpose of the article is to reveal philosophical ideas in the mythology and folklore of the indigenous peoples of North America. An important question: "Can we assume that the spiritual culture of the American Indians contained philosophical knowledge?" remains relevant today. For example, European philosophy is defined by appeals to philosophers of the past, their texts. The philosophical tradition is characterized by rational argumentation and formulation of philosophical questions that differ from the questions of ordinary language. However, the problem (...)
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  34. Robert I. Rotberg and Dennis Thompson, eds., Truth v. Justice: The Morality of Truth Commissions. [REVIEW]Trudy Govier - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21:290-292.
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  35.  8
    Alfred North Whitehead, Die Ziele der Erziehung und Bildung und andere Essays. Hg., Übersetzt und eingeleitet v. Christoph Kann und Dennis Sölch. [REVIEW]Franz Riffert - 2013 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 120 (1):227-229.
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  36.  52
    Alfred North Whitehead: Die Ziele von Erziehung und Bildung und andere Essays. Hrsg. u. übers. v. Christoph Kann und Dennis Sölch. [REVIEW]Alfred North Whitehead & Kevin M. Dear - 2015 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 68 (1):016-022.
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  37. Nežil v pravom čase ani na správnom mieste.Albert Marenčin - 2016 - In Marian Váross (ed.), Deň za dňom samota: z denníkov 1953-1988. Bratislava: Marenčin PT.
     
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  38.  4
    Dissonance and Consistency according to Shackle and Shafer.Isaac Levi - 1978 - PSA Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978 (2):466-477.
    R.A.Fisher introduced the fiducial argument as a means for obtaining something from nothing. He thought that on some occasions it was legitimate to obtain a posterior probability distribution over a range of simple statistical hypotheses without commitment to a prior distribution [4].H.Jeffreys thought he could tame Fisher by casting his argument in a Bayesian mold through a derivation of the fiducial posterior from a suitably constructed ignorance prior via Bayes’ theorem and conditionalization on the data of experimentation. According to Jeffreys, (...)
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  39.  25
    Immanent Reasoning or Equality in Action A Dialogical Study.Shahid Rahman, Nicolas Clerbout, Ansten Klev, Zoe Conaughey & Juan Redmond - unknown
    PREFACEProf. Göran Sundholm of Leiden University inspired the group of Logic at Lille and Valparaíso to start a fundamental review of the dialogical conception of logic by linking it to constructive type logic. One of Sundholm's insights was that inference can be seen as involving an implicit interlocutor. This led to several investigations aimed at exploring the consequences of joining winning strategies to the proof-theoretical conception of meaning. The leading idea is, roughly, that while introduction rules lay down the conditions (...)
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  40. Grounding and Omniscience.Dennis Whitcomb - 2012 - Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion 4 (1).
    I’m going to argue that omniscience is impossible and therefore that there is no God. The argument turns on the notion of grounding. After illustrating and clarifying that notion, I’ll start the argument in earnest. The first step will be to lay out five claims, one of which is the claim that there is an omniscient being, and the other four of which are claims about grounding. I’ll prove that these five claims are jointly inconsistent. Then I’ll argue for the (...)
     
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  41.  2
    Khristianskoe uchenie o poznanii.V. V. Zenʹkovskiĭ - 2001 - Moskva: Izdatelʹskiĭ dom "Graalʹ".
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  42. Wisdom.Dennis Whitcomb - 2010 - In Sven Bernecker & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Routledge Companion to Epistemology.
    This paper argues that epistemologists should theorize about wisdom and critically examines a number of attempts to do as much. It then builds and argues for a particular theory of what wisdom is.
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  43.  18
    Ethical sensitivity in management decisions: Developing and testing a perceptual measure among management and professional student groups.Dennis P. Wittmer - 2000 - Teaching Business Ethics 4 (2):181-205.
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  44. Can There Be a Knowledge-First Ethics of Belief?Dennis Whitcomb - 2014 - In Jonathan Matheson & Rico Vits (eds.), The Ethics of Belief: Individual and Social. Oxford University Press.
    This article critically examines numerous attempts to build a knowledge-first ethics of belief. These theories specify a number of potential "knowledge norms for belief".
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  45. Some Epistemic Roles for Curiosity.Dennis Whitcomb - 2018 - In Ilhan Inan, Lani Watson, Dennis Whitcomb & Safiye Yigit (eds.), The Moral Psychology of Curiosity. Rowman & Littlefield International. pp. 217-238.
    I start with a critical discussion of some attempts to ground epistemic normativity in curiosity. Then I develop three positive proposals. The first of these proposals is more or less purely philosophical; the second two reside at the interdisciplinary borderline between philosophy and psychology. The proposals are independent and rooted in different literatures. Readers uninterested in the first proposal (and the critical discussion preceding it) may nonetheless be interested in the second two proposals, and vice versa. -/- The proposals are (...)
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  46. The Puzzle of Humility and Disparity.Dennis Whitcomb, Heather Battaly, Jason Baehr & Daniel Howard-Snyder - 2021 - In Mark Alfano, Michael Patrick Lynch & Alessandra Tanesini (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Humility. New York, NY: Routledge. pp. 72-83.
    Suppose that you are engaging with someone who is your oppressor, or someone who espouses a heinous view like Nazism or a ridiculous view like flat-earthism. In contexts like these, there is a disparity between you and your interlocutor, a dramatic normative difference across which you are in the right and they are in the wrong. As theorists of humility, we find these contexts puzzling. Humility seems like the *last* thing oppressed people need and the *last* thing we need in (...)
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  47. The Virtue of “Virtue Ethics” in Business and Business Education.Dennis Wittmer & Kevin O’Brien - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 11:261-278.
    This article offers an approach to advance the use of virtue ethics in the training of business managers and leaders, as well as in the education of business students. A thesis is that virtue ethics offers a valuable way to think about how we want to be and what we should strive to become qua businessperson, manager, and leader. The article provides a framework for thinking about virtue ethics in the context of business and leadership, with emphasis on building trust (...)
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  48.  45
    Fuzzy Trace Theory and Medical Decisions by Minors: Differences in Reasoning between Adolescents and Adults.E. A. Wilhelms & V. F. Reyna - 2013 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (3):268-282.
    Standard models of adolescent risk taking posit that the cognitive abilities of adolescents and adults are equivalent, and that increases in risk taking that occur during adolescence are the result of socio emotional differences in impulsivity, sensation seeking, and lack of self-control. Fuzzy-trace theory incorporates these socio emotional differences. However, it predicts that there are also cognitive differences between adolescents and adults, specifically that there are developmental increases in gist-based intuition that reflects understanding. Gist understanding, as opposed to verbatim-based analysis, (...)
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  49. Epistemic Value.Dennis Whitcomb - 2012 - In Andrew Cullison (ed.), The Continuum Companion to Epistemology. Continuum. pp. 270-287.
    Epistemology is normative. This normativity has been widely recognized for a long time, but it has recently come into direct focus as a central topic of discussion. The result is a recent and large turn towards focusing on epistemic value. I’ll start by describing some of the history and motivations of this recent value turn. Then I’ll categorize the work within the value turn into three strands, and I’ll discuss the main writings in those strands. Finally, I’ll explore some themes (...)
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  50.  24
    Choice and self-control in children: A test of Rachlin’s model.Dennis J. Burns & Richard B. Powers - 1975 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (2):156-158.
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