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J. H. Burns [25]J. Patout Burns [18]Jean E. Burns [17]Jennifer Burns [6]
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  1. An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation.J. H. Burns, H. L. A. Hart & Jeremy Bentham - 1972 - Philosophy 47 (179):74-79.
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  2. An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation.Jeremy Bentham, J. H. Burns & H. L. A. Hart - 1984 - Ethics 94 (2):355-356.
     
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  3.  15
    Links Between Communication and Relationship Satisfaction Among Patients With Cancer and Their Spouses: Results of a Fourteen-Day Smartphone-Based Ecological Momentary Assessment Study.Shelby L. Langer, Joan M. Romano, Michael Todd, Timothy J. Strauman, Francis J. Keefe, Karen L. Syrjala, Jonathan B. Bricker, Neeta Ghosh, John W. Burns, Niall Bolger, Blair K. Puleo, Julie R. Gralow, Veena Shankaran, Kelly Westbrook, S. Yousuf Zafar & Laura S. Porter - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  4.  86
    Nature and Natural Authority in Bentham*: J. H. Burns.J. H. Burns - 1993 - Utilitas 5 (2):209-219.
    My object in this paper is to suggest a few reflections on some themes in Bentham's work which others as well as I have noted, without perhaps developing them as fully as might with advantage be done. There will be nothing like full development in the limited compass of what is said here, but what is said may at least indicate possible directions for further exploration. The greater part of the paper will be concerned with the notion of natural authority; (...)
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  5. Does Consciousness Perform a Function Independently of the Brain?Jean E. Burns - 1991 - Frontier Perspectives, Center for Frontier Sciences, Temple University 2 (1):19-34.
    Even if all of the content of conscious experience is encoded in the brain, there is a considerable difference between the view that consciousness does independent processing and the view that it does not. If all processing is done by the brain, then conscious experience is unnecessary and irrelevant to behavior. If consciousness performs a function, then its association with particular aspects of brain processing reflect its functional use in determining behavior. However, if consciousness does perform a function, it cannot (...)
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  6. The Action of Consciousness and the Uncertainty Principle.Jean E. Burns - 2012 - Journal of Nonlocality 1 (1).
    The term action of consciousness is used to refer to an influence, such as psychokinesis or free will, that produces an effect on matter that is correlated to mental intention, but not completely determined by physical conditions. Such an action could not conserve energy. But in that case, one wonders why, when highly accurate measurements are done, occasions of non-conserved energy (generated perhaps by unconscious PK) are not detected. A possible explanation is that actions of consciousness take place within the (...)
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  7. The Possibility of Empirical Test of Hypotheses About Consciousness.Jean E. Burns - 1996 - In S. R. Hameroff, A. W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Towards a Science of Consciousness. MIT Press. pp. 739--742.
    The possibility of empirical test is discussed with respect to three issues: (1) What is the ontological relationship between consciousness and the brain/physical world? (2) What physical characteristics are associated with the mind/brain interface? (3) Can consciousness act on the brain independently of any brain process?
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  8.  72
    An Evolutionary Theory of Schizophrenia: Cortical Connectivity, Metarepresentation, and the Social Brain.Jonathan Kenneth Burns - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (6):831-855.
    Schizophrenia is a worldwide, prevalent disorder with a multifactorial but highly genetic aetiology. A constant prevalence rate in the face of reduced fecundity has caused some to argue that an evolutionary advantage exists in unaffected relatives. Here, I critique this adaptationist approach, and review – and find wanting – Crow's “speciation” hypothesis. In keeping with available biological and psychological evidence, I propose an alternative theory of the origins of this disorder. Schizophrenia is a disorder of the social brain, and it (...)
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  9. What Does the Mind Do That the Brain Does Not?Jean E. Burns - 2010 - In R. L. Amoroso (ed.), The Complementarity of Mind and Body: Fulfilling the Dream of Descartes, Einstein and Eccles. Nova Science.
    Two forms of independent action by consciousness have been proposed by various researchers – free will and holistic processing. (Holistic processing contributes to the formation of behavior through the holistic use of brain programs and encoding.) The well-known experiment of Libet et al. (1983) implies that if free will exists, its action must consist of making a selection among alternatives presented by the brain. As discussed herein, this result implies that any physical changes mind can produce in the brain are (...)
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  10.  68
    Utilitarianism and Reform: Social Theory and Social Change, 1750–1800*: J. H. Burns.J. H. Burns - 1989 - Utilitas 1 (2):211-225.
    The object of this article is to examine, with the work of Jeremy Bentham as the principal example, one strand in the complex pattern of European social theory during the second half of the eighteenth century. This was of course the period not only of the American and French revolutions, but of the culmination of the movements of thought constituting what we know as the Enlightenment. Like all great historical episodes, the Enlightenment was both the fulfilment of long-established processes and (...)
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  11. A Comment on the Commentaries and a Fragment on Government.J. H. Burns & H. L. A. Hart (eds.) - 2008 - Clarendon Press.
    In the two related works in this volume, Bentham offers a detailed critique of William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England. He provides important refelctions on the nature of law, and more particularly on the nature of customary and statute law, and on judicial interpretation.
     
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  12. Entropy and Vacuum Radiation.Jean E. Burns - 1998 - Foundations of Physics 28 (7):1191-1207.
    It is shown that entropy increase in thermodynamic systems can plausibly be accounted for by the random action of vacuum radiation. A recent calculation by Rueda using stochastic electrodynamics (SED) shows that vacuum radiation causes a particle to undergo a rapid Brownian motion about its average dynamical trajectory. It is shown that the magnitude of spatial drift calculated by Rueda can also be predicted by assuming that the average magnitudes of random shifts in position and momentum of a particle correspond (...)
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  13.  27
    Robert L. Campbell's Essay, “An End to Over and Against”.Jennifer Burns, Mimi Reisel Gladstein, Anne Conover Heller & Robert L. Campbell - 2014 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 14 (1):80-91.
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  14.  55
    What is Beyond the Edge of the Known World?Jean E. Burns - 2003 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (6-7):7-28.
    Experiments show that psi differs from known physical processes in a variety of ways, and these differences are described herein. Because of these, psi cannot be accounted for in terms of presently known physical laws. A number of theories, of which we review a sampling, suggest ways in which known physical laws might be expanded in order to account for psi. However, there is no agreement on which of these theories, if any, will ultimately provide a general explanation. A further (...)
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  15.  82
    John M. Robson 1927–1995: A Tribute: J. H. Burns.J. H. Burns - 1996 - Utilitas 8 (1):1-4.
    By the death, last summer, of Jack Robson, the world of utilitarian studies and a wider world of scholarship on both sides of the Atlantic lost one of their most distinguished figures. It would not be appropriate here, even if it were possible now, to attempt a full and measured assessment of his work. Writing only a few months after the news of his death, while the sense of loss is still so sharp for all his many friends, two things (...)
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  16. Utilitarianism and Democracy.J. H. Burns - 1959 - Philosophical Quarterly 9 (35):168-171.
  17. Vacuum Radiation, Entropy, and Molecular Chaos.Jean E. Burns - 2007 - Foundations of Physics 37 (12):1727-1737.
    Vacuum radiation causes a particle to make a random walk about its dynamical trajectory. In this random walk the root mean square change in spatial coordinate is proportional to t 1/2, and the fractional changes in momentum and energy are proportional to t −1/2, where t is time. Thus the exchange of energy and momentum between a particle and the vacuum tends to zero over time. At the end of a mean free path the fractional change in momentum of a (...)
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  18. Happiness and Utility: Jeremy Bentham's Equation.J. H. Burns - 2005 - Utilitas 17 (1):46-61.
    Doubts about the origin of Bentham's formula, ‘the greatest happiness of the greatest number’, were resolved by Robert Shackleton thirty years ago. Uncertainty has persisted on at least two points. (1) Why did the phrase largely disappear from Bentham's writing for three or four decades after its appearance in 1776? (2) Is it correct to argue (with David Lyons in 1973) that Bentham's principle is to be differentially interpreted as having sometimes a ‘parochial’ and sometimes a ‘universalist’ bearing? These issues (...)
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  19.  71
    Bentham and Blackstone: A Lifetime's Dialectic*: J. H. Burns.J. H. Burns - 1989 - Utilitas 1 (1):22-40.
    The full range of Bentham's engagement with Blackstone's view of law is beyond the scope of a single article. Yet it is important to recognize at the outset, even in a more restricted enquiry into the matter, that the engagement, begun when Bentham, not quite sixteen years of age, started to attend Blackstone's Oxford lectures, was indeed a lifelong affair. Whatever Bentham had in mind when, at the age of eighty, in 1828, he began to write a work entitled ‘A (...)
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  20.  63
    Augustine on the Origin and Progress of Evil.J. Patout Burns - 1988 - Journal of Religious Ethics 16 (1):9-27.
    Augustine distinguished apparent evil, conflict and corruption among bodies from true evil, the self-initiated corruption of created spirits. Angels and humans fail to maintain the perfection of knowledge and love given by God and then turn to themselves as the focus of attention and appreciation. The original failures of both demons and humans were neither provoked nor persuaded by any outside bodily or spiritual force: each was an autonomous and self-initiated sin of pride. This fundamental evil underlies and gives rise (...)
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  21.  47
    Sancti Aurelii Augustini: Sermones in Matthaeum I. [REVIEW]J. Patout Burns - 2010 - Augustinian Studies 41 (2):501-502.
  22.  81
    The Arrow of Time and the Action of the Mind at the Molecular Level.Jean E. Burns - 2006 - In Daniel P. Sheehan (ed.), Frontiers of Time. American Inst. Of Physics.
    A new event is defined as an intervention in the time reversible dynamical trajectories of particles in a system. New events are then assumed to be quantum fluctuations in the spatial and momentum coordinates, and mental action is assumed to work by ordering such fluctuations. It is shown that when the cumulative values of such fluctuations in a mean free path of a molecule are magnified by molecular interaction at the end of that path, the momentum of a molecule can (...)
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  23. Quantum Fluctuations and the Action of the Mind.Jean E. Burns - 2002 - Noetic Journal 3 (4):312-317.
    It is shown that if mental influence can change a position or momentum coordinate within the limits of the uncertainty principle, such change, when magnified by a single interaction, is sufficient to order the direction of traveling molecules. Mental influence could initiate an action potential in the brain through this process by using the impact of ordered molecules to open the gates of sodium channels in neuronal membranes. It is shown that about 80 ordered molecules, traveling at thermal velocity in (...)
     
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  24.  15
    Godless Capitalism: Ayn Rand and the Conservative Movement.Jennifer Burns - 2004 - Modern Intellectual History 1 (3):359-385.
    This essay examines the relationship between the novelist/philosopher Ayn Rand (TheFountainhead,AtlasShrugged) and the broader conservative movement in the twentieth-century United States. Although Rand was often dismissed as a lightweight popularizer, her works of radical individualism advanced bold arguments about the moral status of capitalism, and thus touched upon a core issue of conservative identity. Because Rand represented such a forthright pro-capitalist position, her career highlights the shifting fortunes of capitalism on the right. In the 1940s, she was an inspiration to (...)
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  25.  30
    Natural Law: An Introduction to Legal Philosophy.J. H. Burns & A. P. D'Entreves - 1952 - Philosophical Quarterly 2 (6):90.
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  26.  66
    Societies of Brains: Walter Freeman in Conversation with Jean Burns.Walter J. Freeman & J. Burns - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (2):172-180.
    [opening paragraph]: Walter Freeman discusses with Jean Burns some of the issues relating to consciousness in his recent book. Burns: To understand consciousness we need know its relationship to the brain, and to do that we need to know how the brain processes information. A lot of people think of brain processing in terms of individual neurons, and you're saying that brain processing should be understood in terms of dynamical states of populations?
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  27.  78
    Volition and Physical Laws.Jean E. Burns - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (10):27-47.
    The concept of free will is central to our lives, as we make day-to-day decisions, and to our culture, in our ethical and legal systems. The very concept implies that what we choose can produce a change in our physical environment, whether by pressing a switch to turn out electric lights or choosing a long-term plan of action which can affect many people. Yet volition is not a part of presently known physical laws and it is not even known whether (...)
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  28. The Development of Augustine's Doctrine of Operative Grace.J. Burns - 1980 - Brepols Publishers.
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  29.  2
    Majorities: An Exploration.Jimmy Burns - 2003 - History of Political Thought 24 (1):66-86.
    The 'History of the Majority' to which F.W. Maitland looked forward a century ago still awaits its author; but some important hints can be derived from an examination of, especially, medieval and early-modern sources. These show how difficult it was foRA 'simple' or numerical majority principle to gain acceptance, whether in the theology and canon-law of the medieval church or in the emergent theory and practice of the modern state. Even -- or perhaps especially -- in the age of 'mass (...)
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  30.  33
    Marital Fidelity as a Remedium Concupiscentiae: An Augustinian Proposal.J. Patout Burns - 2013 - Augustinian Studies 44 (1):1-35.
  31.  32
    Sancti Aurelii Augustini: Sermones in Epistolas Apostolicas I. [REVIEW]J. Patout Burns - 2011 - Augustinian Studies 42 (1):84-86.
  32. Grace and Freedom Operative Grace in the Thought of St Thomas Aquinas.Bernard J. F. Lonergan & J. Patout Burns - 1971
  33. Contemporary Models of Consciousness, Part I.Jean E. Burns - 1990 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 11 (2):153-171.
    Recent models of consciousness are reviewed which explore the relationship of consciousness to physical laws; many of these also explore the relationship of consciousness to biological findings. Issues investigated by these models are discussed, with the issues framed in a general way in order to provide a comparison between the models. In Part I the issues discussed are: (1) What is the causal relationship between consciousness and the physical world (physicalism, dualism, etc.)? and (2) What physical characteristics are associated with (...)
     
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  34.  59
    ‘From a Good Scheme to a Better’: The Itinerancy of Jeremy Bentham, 1769–1789.James Burns - 2012 - Utilitas 24 (4):443-466.
    Bentham was convinced throughout his adult life that law reform in both theory and practice was his vocation. As a deliberately briefless barrister he set out in the early 1770s to establish jurisprudence on the principle of utility. From the first, however, he was repeatedly diverted from this central task. Confronted by the authority of Blackstone, he wrote, without completing, his Comment on the Commentaries, and turned within that context to the specific theme of his Fragment on Government (1776). In (...)
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  35.  20
    Human Agency in Augustine’s Doctrine of Predestination and Perseverance.J. Patout Burns - 2017 - Augustinian Studies 48 (1):45-71.
    Augustine’s two-stage explanation of the creation of the universe provided a basis for understanding the divine operations that activated the potentialities of angels and humans by which they attained stable beatitude. God caused their activities of knowing and loving rather than endowing them with natural capacities for the divine. In this context, Augustine’s analysis of the success of the angels as well as the failure of the demons and the first humans clarified the limits of the agency of spiritual creatures (...)
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  36. Godless Capitalism: Ayn Rand and the Conservatives.Jennifer Burns - 2004 - Modern Intellectual History 1 (3).
     
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  37.  18
    Contemporary Models of Consciousness, Part II.Jean E. Burns - 1991 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 12 (3):407-420.
    Recent models of consciousness are reviewed which explore the relationship of consciousness to physical laws; many of these also explore the relationship of consciousness to biological findings. Issues investigated by these models are discussed, with the issues framed in a general way in order to provide a comparison between the models. In Part II the issues discussed include: Does all of the information content of consciousness correspond to neural coding in the brain? Does consciousness follow the brain passively, or can (...)
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  38. The Collected Works of Jeremy Bentham: An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation.J. H. Burns & H. L. A. Hart (eds.) - 1996 - Clarendon Press.
    One of the earliest and best-known of Bentham's works, the Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation sets out a profound and innovative philosophical argument. This definitive edition includes both the late H. L. A. Hart's classic essay on the work and a new introduction by F. Rosen.
     
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  39.  8
    2000 St. Augustine Lecture.J. Patout Burns - 2001 - Augustinian Studies 32 (1):1-23.
  40. The Nature of Causal Action.Jean E. Burns - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (3-4):60-73.
    It is not known whether consciousness can affect the physical world, as a result of a free will action or in some other way. To do so, it must be able to produce physical changes that cannot be accounted for by physical laws, an ability we will refer to as causal action, and several issues relevant to this possibility are discussed. 1) Until recently it was thought that the conservation laws of physics would prohibit causal action. It has now been (...)
     
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  41.  50
    James Mill's Political Thought. Robert A. Fenn, New York and London, Garland Publishing, Inc. 1987, Pp. Viii +192.J. H. Burns - 1989 - Utilitas 1 (1):156.
  42.  29
    The Action of the Mind.Jean E. Burns - 2012 - In I. Fredriksson (ed.), Aspects of Consciousness. McFarland. pp. 204.
    It is assumed that mental action, such as free will, exists, and an exploration is made of its relationship to the brain, physical laws, and evolutionary selection. If the assumption is made that all content of conscious experience is encoded in the brain, it follows that free will must act as process only. This result is consistent with the experimental results of Libet and others that if free will exists, it must act by making a selection between alternatives provided by (...)
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  43.  3
    2000 St. Augustine Lecture: The Eucharist as the Foundation of Christian Unity in North African Theology.J. Patout Burns - 2001 - Augustinian Studies 32 (1):1-23.
  44.  17
    Maréchal’s Approach to the Existence of God.J. P. Burns - 1968 - New Scholasticism 42 (1):72-90.
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  45.  7
    Edward Eyre and European Civilization.J. H. Burns - 2002 - History of European Ideas 28 (4):281-293.
  46.  28
    Reflections Apropos a Recent Commentary on Augustine’s Confessions.J. Patout Burns - 1994 - Augustinian Studies 25:212-215.
  47.  28
    Marsilius of Padua, The Defender of Peace. Volume I: Marsilius of Padua and Medieval Political Philosophy.J. H. Burns - 1953 - Philosophical Quarterly 3 (13):365.
  48. The Eucharist as the Foundation of Christian Unity in North African Theology.J. Patout Burns - 2001 - Augustinian Studies 32 (1):1-24.
     
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  49.  22
    Leadership as a Global Axis (El Liderazgo Como Un Eje Global).J. M. Burns - 2012 - Daena 7 (3):88-96.
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  50.  1
    The Light of Reason: Philosophical History in the Two Mills.J. H. Burns - 1976 - In John Robson & Michael Laine (eds.), James and John Stuart Mill Papers of the Centenary Conference. University of Toronto Press. pp. 1-20.
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