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James Wilson [26]James Q. Wilson [7]James Matthew Wilson [7]James Maurice Wilson [4]
James R. Wilson [4]James M. Wilson [3]James A. Wilson [2]James G. S. Wilson [2]

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See also
Profile: James Wilson (Research Center)
Profile: James Wilson (University College London)
Profile: James E. Wilson (Bristol University)
Profile: James Lindley Wilson (University of Chicago)
  1.  36
    Research Exceptionalism.James Wilson & David Hunter - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (8):45-54.
    Research involving human subjects is much more stringently regulated than many other nonresearch activities that appear to be at least as risky. A number of prominent figures now argue that research is overregulated. We argue that the reasons typically offered to justify the present system of research regulation fail to show that research should be subject to more stringent regulation than other equally risky activities. However, there are three often overlooked reasons for thinking that research should be treated as a (...)
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  2.  1
    [Book Review] the Moral Sense. [REVIEW]James Q. Wilson - 1994 - Criminal Justice Ethics 13 (2):19-23.
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  3.  61
    Universal Health Coverage, Priority Setting and the Human Right to Health.Benedict Rumbold, Octavio Ferraz, Sarah Hawkes, Rachel Baker, Carleigh Crubiner, Peter Littlejohns, Ole Frithjof Norheim, Thomas Pegram, Annette Rid, Sridhar Venkatapuram, Alex Voorhoeve, Albert Weale, James Wilson, Alicia Ely Yamin & Daniel Wang - 2017 - The Lancet 390 (10095):712-14.
    As health policy-makers around the world seek to make progress towards universal health coverage, they must navigate between two important ethical imperatives: to set national spending priorities fairly and efficiently; and to safeguard the right to health. These imperatives can conflict, leading some to conclude that rights-based approaches present a disruptive influence on health policy, hindering states’ efforts to set priorities fairly and efficiently. Here, we challenge this perception. We argue first that these points of tension stem largely from inadequate (...)
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  4.  55
    Towards a Normative Framework for Public Health Ethics and Policy.James Wilson - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (2):184-194.
    Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre and Centre for Philosophy, Justice and Health, UCL, First Floor, Charles Bell House, 67–73 Riding House Street, London W1W 7EJ, UK. Tel.: +44 (0)20 7679 9417; Fax: +44 (0)20 7679 9426; Email: james-gs.wilson{at}ucl.ac.uk ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> . Abstract This paper aims to shed some light on the difficulties we face in constructing a generally acceptable normative framework for thinking about public health. It argues that there are three factors that (...)
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  5. When is Deception in Research Ethical?Nafsika Athanassoulis & James Wilson - 2009 - Clinical Ethics 4 (1):44-49.
    This article examines when deceptive withholding of information is ethically acceptable in research. The first half analyses the concept of deception. We argue that there are two types of accounts of deception: normative and non-normative, and argue that non-normative accounts are preferable. The second half of the article argues that the relevant ethical question which ethics committees should focus on is not whether the person from whom the information is withheld will be deceived, but rather on the reasonableness of withholding (...)
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  6. Could There Be a Right to Own Intellectual Property?James Wilson - 2009 - Law and Philosophy 28 (4):393 - 427.
    Intellectual property typically involves claims of ownership of types, rather than particulars. In this article I argue that this difference in ontology makes an important moral difference. In particular I argue that there cannot be an intrinsic moral right to own intellectual property. I begin by establishing a necessary condition for the justification of intrinsic moral rights claims, which I call the Rights Justification Principle. Briefly, this holds that if we want to claim that there is an intrinsic moral right (...)
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  7. Ontology and the Regulation of Intellectual Property.James Wilson - 2010 - The Monist 93 (3):450-463.
    Philosophical reflection on intellectual property (IP) is still very young. Whilst much has been written by lawyers on intellectual property, the vast majority of this writing is philosophically unsophisticated. This paper aims to at least partially remedy this philosophical deficit by examining what reflection on the ontology of intellectual property can add to our understanding of how to regulate IP. I argue that ontological reflection should bring us to an important basic fact, namely that ownership of intellectual property involves the (...)
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  8. Is Respect for Autonomy Defensible?James Wilson - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (6):353-356.
    Three main claims are made in this paper. First, it is argued that Onora O’Neill has uncovered a serious problem in the way medical ethicists have thought about both respect for autonomy and informed consent. Medical ethicists have tended to think that autonomous choices are intrinsically worthy of respect, and that informed consent procedures are the best way to respect the autonomous choices of individuals. However, O’Neill convincingly argues that we should abandon both these thoughts. Second, it is argued that (...)
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  9.  88
    Book Review: Jesus Now and Then. [REVIEW]James R. Wilson - forthcoming - Interpretation 60 (1):106-106.
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  10.  75
    Hard Paternalism, Fairness and Clinical Research: Why Not?Sarah J. L. Edwards & James Wilson - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (2):68 - 75.
    Jansen and Wall suggest a new way of defending hard paternalism in clinical research. They argue that non-therapeutic research exposing people to more than minimal risk should be banned on egalitarian grounds: in preventing poor decision-makers from making bad decisions, we will promote equality of welfare. We argue that their proposal is flawed for four reasons.First, the idea of poor decision-makers is much more problematic than Jansen and Wall allow. Second, pace Jansen and Wall, it may be practicable for regulators (...)
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  11.  6
    Giving Liberty its Due, but No More: Trans Fats, Liberty, and Public Health.James Wilson & Angus Dawson - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (3):34-36.
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  12.  83
    Book Review: The Experience of God: Icons of the Mystery. [REVIEW]James R. Wilson - forthcoming - Interpretation 61 (1):95-96.
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  13. Transhumanism and Moral Equality.James Wilson - 2007 - Bioethics 21 (8):419–425.
    Conservative thinkers such as Francis Fukuyama have produced a battery of objections to the transhumanist project of fundamentally enhancing human capacities. This article examines one of these objections, namely that by allowing some to greatly extend their capacities, we will undermine the fundamental moral equality of human beings. I argue that this objection is groundless: once we understand the basis for human equality, it is clear that anyone who now has sufficient capacities to count as a person from the moral (...)
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  14.  23
    Paying for Patented Drugs is Hard to Justify: An Argument About Time Discounting and Medical Need.James Wilson - 2012 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (3):186-199.
    Drugs are much more expensive whilst they are subject to patent protection than once patents expire: patented drugs make up only 20% of NHS drugs prescriptions, but consume 80% of the total NHS drugs bill. This article argues that, given the relatively uncontroversial assumption that we should save the greater number in cases where all are equally deserving and we cannot save both groups, it is more difficult than is usually thought to justify why publicly funded healthcare systems should pay (...)
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  15. Microsoft on Copyright: An Ethical Analysis.James Wilson - unknown
    “This chapter looks at four arguments which Microsoft has used to justify the claim that illegal copying of software is wrong: software piracy is theft; software piracy violates the rights of copyright holders; software piracy is free riding; and software piracy reduces incentives to future innovation. It argues that the first argument is simply wrong, and the other three do not establish that it is in fact wrong to pirate Microsoft’s programs.
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  16. Nietzsche and Equality.James Wilson - 2007 - In Gudrun von Tevenar (ed.), Nietzsche and Ethics. Peter Lang.
    The idea that there is something ethically corrupt or ethically corrupting about Nietzsche’s work is an anathema to Nietzsche scholars today. Although there are some serious moral philosophers, such as Philippa Foot, Jonathan Glover and Martha Nussbaum who write about Nietzsche whilst finding his position ethically deplorable, most Nietzsche scholars tend to focus rather more heavily on his positive aspects. This means that negative ethical assessments of Nietzsche now tend to be relatively few and far between, and given that they (...)
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  17.  1
    Jensen's Support for Spearman's Hypothesis is Support for a Circular Argument.James R. Wilson - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):246-246.
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  18.  11
    Responsible Authorship and Peer Review.James R. Wilson - 2002 - Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (2):155-174.
    In this article the basic principles of responsible authorship and peer review are surveyed, with special emphasis on (a) guidelines for refereeing archival journal articles and proposals; and (b) how these guidelines should be taken into account at all stages of writing.
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  19.  9
    12 The Individual, the State, and the Corporation.James Wilson - 2005 - In James A. McGilvray (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Chomsky. Cambridge University Press. pp. 240.
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  20.  54
    On the Value of the Intellectual Commons.James Wilson - unknown
    When we talk about intellectual property, it is often implicitly assumed that we are talking about private intellectual property. However, private property and the idea of private ownership do not exhaust the possibilities for accounts of ownership and of property. There are other ways that ownership can operate, such as common property. A resource is common property if its use is ‘governed by rules whose point is to make them available for use by all or any members of the society.’.
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  21.  9
    Public Value, Maximization and Health Policy: An Examination of Hausman’s Restricted Consequentialism.James Wilson - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics:phw020.
    In the book Valuing Health, Daniel Hausman sets out a normative framework for assessing social policy, which he calls restricted consequentialism. For the restricted consequentialist, government policy-making not only is, but ought to be, largely siloed in individual government departments. Each department has its own goal linked to a fundamental public value, which it should pursue in a maximizing way. I argue that, first, Hausman’s argument appears to be internally inconsistent: his case for thinking that health policy should default to (...)
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  22.  15
    On Character: Essays.James Q. Wilson - 1995 - Aei Press.
    These essays argue that to have good character one needs to have at least developed a sense of empathy and self control.
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  23.  44
    GM Crops: Patently Wrong? [REVIEW]James Wilson - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (3):261-283.
    This paper focuses on the ethical justifiability of patents on Genetically Modified (GM) crops. I argue that there are three distinguishing features of GM crops that make it unethical to grant patents on GM crops, even if we assume that the patent system is in general justified. The first half of the paper critiques David Resnik’s recent arguments in favor of patents on GM crops. Resnik argues that we should take a consequentialist approach to the issue, and that the best (...)
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  24.  1
    Idealizing Politics.James Q. Wilson - 1998 - Critical Review 12 (4):563-568.
    Abstract Donald A. Wittman's Myth of Democratic Failure attempts to show that government is more rational than is often believed. For instance, Wittman argues that voters are tolerably well informed and that politicians are responsive to the voters? will. Unfortunately, Wittman's argument proceeds at the level of economic theory, which is often contradicted by empirical reality (and by non?economic theories that take account of political reality). It is no better to defend democracy on a priori grounds, as Wittman does, than (...)
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  25.  21
    From Being to Faith.James Matthew Wilson - 2012 - Renascence 64 (3):251-274.
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  26.  1
    Introduction to Symposium on Daniel Hausman’s Valuing Health: Well-Being, Freedom and Suffering.James Wilson - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (2):105-108.
    This article introduces a symposium on Daniel Hausman’s Valuing Health: Well-Being, Suffering and Freedom. The symposium contains papers by Elselijn Kingma, Adam Oliver, Anna Alexandrova, Erik Nord, Alex Voorhoeve and James Wilson, with replies by Daniel Hausman. In Valuing Health, Hausman argues that, despite apparently measuring health, projects such as the Global Burden of Disease Study in fact measure judgments about the value of health. Once this has been clarified, the key question is how the value of health should be (...)
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  27.  35
    Health Inequities.James Wilson - unknown
    The infant mortality rate in Liberia is 50 times higher than it is in Sweden, whilst a child born in Japan has a life expectancy at birth of more than double that of one born in Zambia. 1 And within countries, we see differences which are nearly as great. For example, if you were in the USA and travelled the short journey from the poorer parts of Washington to Montgomery County Maryland, you would find that ‘for each mile travelled life (...)
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  28.  13
    Justice and the Social Determinants of Health: An Overview.James Wilson - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (3):210-213.
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  29.  15
    Freedom of Information and Research Data.James Wilson - 2011 - Research Ethics 7 (3):107-111.
    Research data produced in both universities and the NHS are subject to the Freedom of Information Act 2000. This article examines the practical and ethical implications of freedom of information for research data, arguing that increased openness is both here to stay and is ethically justifiable. Researchers need to learn how best to cope with this.
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  30.  1
    Public Reasoning and Health-Care Priority Setting: The Case of NICE.Benedict Rumbold, Albert Weale, Annette Rid, James Wilson & Peter Littlejohns - 2017 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 27 (1):107-134.
    Health systems that provide for universal patient access through a scheme of prepayments—whether through taxes, social insurance, or a combination of the two—need to make decisions on the scope of coverage that they secure. Such decisions are inherently controversial, implying, as they do, that some patients will receive less than comprehensive health care, or less than complete protection from the financial consequences of ill-heath, even when there is a clinically effective therapy to which they might have access.Controversial decisions of this (...)
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  31. Morality, Dignity and Pragmatism.James George Scott Wilson - unknown
    This thesis is a constructive work in the tradition of morality. The thesis divides into three parts. Part One argues that morality is best considered as a tradition (in MacIntyre’s sense) in ethical thinking which begins with the Stoics, develops in Christian thought and reaches its apotheosis in Kant. This tradition structures ethical thinking around three basic concepts: cosmopolitanism, or universal applicability to human beings as such, the dignity of human beings and reciprocity. It is this tradition in ethical thinking (...)
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  32.  17
    Wealth and Happiness.James Q. Wilson - 1994 - Critical Review 8 (4):555-564.
    In The Market Experience, Robert Lane restates the central criticism of economic views of human satisfaction?namely, that they define welfare as utility and, in practice if not in theory, use money as the measure of utility, while in reality utility (or welfare) ought to be defined as happiness. In exploring the implications of this noneconomic definition for our assessment of markets, Lane summarizes the evidence about how people assess their own happiness more successfully than he clarifies the meaning of that (...)
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  33.  23
    Maternal Mental Health: An Ethical Base for Good Practice.James Wilson & Michael Göpfert - unknown
    In this chapter we argue that the four principles of medical ethics -- beneficence, non-maleficence, respect for autonomy and justice (Beauchamp & Childress, 2001; Gillon, 1985), a new Family Interest Principle (introduced below) and a consideration of ‘capacity’ provide a reasoned practice guide for work with mothers experiencing health problems, focussing here on mental health when a parent is a patient. Our concern is the relationship of the clinician with a parent and through the parent their child. Ethics of service (...)
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  34.  9
    Socrates in Hell.James Matthew Wilson - 2011 - Renascence 63 (2):147-168.
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  35.  18
    Varieties of Religion Today: William James Revisited (Review).James G. S. Wilson - 2003 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 17 (4):323-325.
  36. Choosing Life, Choosing Death: The Tyranny of Autonomy in Medical Ethics and Law.James Wilson - unknown
    Since the 1960s we have moved rapidly from a “doctor-knows-best” society which in which medical paternalism -- such as withholding information from patients “for their benefit” -- was common, towards a society which celebrates patients’ rights to make informed decisions about their care. In Choosing Life, Choosing Death, Charles Foster mounts a polemic against the current enthusiasm for respect for autonomy in medical ethics and law.
     
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  37.  12
    Responses to Open Peer Commentaries on “Research Exceptionalism”.James Wilson & David Hunter - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (8):W4-W6.
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  38.  4
    Ancient Beauty, Modern Verse: Romanticism and Classicism From Plato to T. S. Eliot and the New Formalism.James Matthew Wilson - 2015 - Renascence 67 (1):3-40.
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  39.  7
    Ethics and the Acquisition of Organs by T. M. Wilkinson, 2011 New York, Oxford University Pressx + 209 Pp, £35.00 (Hb). [REVIEW]James Wilson - 2012 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (3):268-270.
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  40.  2
    Disability, Textual Ity, and the Human Genome Project.James C. Wilson - 2006 - In Lennard J. Davis (ed.), The Disability Studies Reader. Psychology Press. pp. 67.
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  41.  2
    Reflux From the “Brain Drain”.James A. Wilson & Jerry Gaston - 1974 - Minerva 12 (4):459-468.
  42.  4
    Emotions, Reason, and Character.James Q. Wilson - 1994 - Criminal Justice Ethics 13 (2):83-92.
  43.  1
    The Academic Ethic: I Partisanship, Judgement and the Academic Ethic. [REVIEW]James Q. Wilson - 1983 - Minerva 21 (2-3):285-291.
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  44.  1
    The Emigration of British Scientists.James A. Wilson - 1966 - Minerva 5 (1):20-29.
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  45. Book Review Section 3. [REVIEW]Maurice E. Troyer, William T. Lowe, Mario D. Fantini, Jerome Seelig, Charles E. Kozoll, Douglas Ray, Michael H. Miller, John Spiess, William K. Wiener, Harry Dykstra, James B. Wilson, Richard Nelson & Mark Phillips - 1974 - Educational Studies 5 (3):159-170.
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  46. Humanistic Studies in Honor of John Calvin Metcalf.James Southall Wilson - 1943 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 3 (3):375-377.
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  47. Liberalism, Modernism, and the Good Life.James Q. Wilson - 1995 - Department of Economics and Political Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
     
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  48.  41
    Rights.James G. S. Wilson (ed.) - 2007 - John Wiley and Sons.
    We are all familiar with assertions of rights: we talk of the right to confi dentiality, the right to health care and, more controversially, the right to die. But beneath this surface familiarity lies a heap of diffi culties about what it is to have a right, how we should go about determining which assertions of rights are genuine and what role (if any) rights should play in our broader moral thinking. This chapter aims to offer a guide through these (...)
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  49. The Gospel of the Atonement.James M. Wilson - 1900 - International Journal of Ethics 10 (3):395-399.
     
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  50. Two Sermons on Some of the Mutual Influences of Theology and the Natural Sciences.James M. Wilson - 1900 - International Journal of Ethics 11 (1):130-132.
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