108 found
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  1.  22
    On Global Justice.Mathias Risse - 2012 - Princeton University Press.
    The grounds of justice -- "Un pouvoir ordinaire": shared membership in a state as a ground of -- Justice -- Internationalism versus statism and globalism: contemporary debates -- What follows from our common humanity? : the institutional stance, human rights, and nonrelationism -- Hugo Grotius revisited : collective ownership of the Earth and global public reason -- "Our sole habitation" : a contemporary approach to collective ownership of the earth -- Toward a contingent derivation of human rights -- Proportionate use (...)
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  2. How Does the Global Order Harm the Poor?Mathias Risse - 2005 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 33 (4):349-376.
  3. Racial Profiling.Mathias Risse & Richard Zeckhauser - 2004 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 32 (2):131-170.
    We have benefited from conversations with Archon Fung, Brian Jacob, Todd Pittinsky, Peter Schuck, Ani Satz, Andrew Williams, and students in a joint class on statistics and ethics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government in October 2002. We are also grateful to our audience at the conference “The Priority of Practice,” organized by Jonathan Wolff at University College London in September 2003, and to Arthur Applbaum, Miriam Avins, Frances Kamm, Simon Keller, Frederick Schauer, Alan Wertheimer, and the Editors (...)
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  4. What We Owe to the Global Poor.Mathias Risse - 2004 - The Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):81-117.
    This essay defends an account of the duties to the global poor that is informed by the empirical question of what makes countries rich or poor, and that tends to be broadly in agreement with John Rawlss account in The Law of Peoples. I begin by introducing the debate about the sources of growth and explore its implications for duties towards the poor. Next I explore whether (and deny that) there are any further-reaching duties towards the poor. Finally, I ask (...)
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  5. Do We Owe the Global Poor Assistance or Rectification?Mathias Risse - 2005 - Ethics and International Affairs 19 (1):9–18.
    A central theme throughout Thomas Pogge’s path-breaking World Poverty and Human Rights is that the global political and economic order harms people in developing countries, and that our duty toward the global poor is therefore not to assist them, but to rectify injustice. But does the global order harm the poor? I argue elsewhere that there is a sense in which this is indeed so, at least if a certain empirical thesis is accepted.1 However, in this essay, I seek to (...)
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  6. The Right to Relocation: Disappearing Island Nations and Common Ownership of the Earth.Mathias Risse - 2009 - Ethics and International Affairs 23 (3):281-300.
    Abstract In recent work I have tried to revitalize the standpoint of humanity's commonly owning the earth. This standpoint has implications for a range of problems that have recently preoccupied us at the global level, including immigration, obligations to future generations, climate change, and human rights. In particular, this approach helps illuminate what moral claims to international aid small island nations whose existence is threatened by global climate change have. A recent proposal for relocating his people across different nations by (...)
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  7. On the Morality of Immigration.Mathias Risse - 2008 - Ethics and International Affairs 22 (1):25–33.
    My goal here is twofold: First, I wish to make a plea for the relevance of moral considerations in debates about immigration. Too often, immigration debates are conducted solely from the standpoint of ‘‘what is good for us,’’ without regard for the justifiability of immigration policies to those excluded. Second, I wish to offer a standpoint that demonstrates why one should think of immigration as a moral problem that must be considered in the context of global justice. More specifically, I (...)
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  8.  59
    What to Say About the State.Mathias Risse - 2006 - Social Theory and Practice 32 (4):671-698.
  9.  76
    Does Left-Libertarianism Have Coherent Foundations?Mathias Risse - 2004 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (3):337-364.
    Left-libertarian theories of justice hold that agents are full self-owners and that natural resources are owned in some egalitarian manner. Some philosophers find left-libertarianism promising because it seems that it coherently underwrites both some demands of material equality and some limits on the permissible means of promoting such equality. However, the main goal of this article is to argue that, as far as coherence is concerned, at least one formulation of left-libertarianism is in trouble. This formulation is that of Michael (...)
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  10.  47
    Fairness in Trade II: Export Subsidies and the Fair Trade Movement.Malgorzata Kurjanska & Mathias Risse - 2008 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (1):29-56.
    Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, USA, mathias_risse{at}ksg.harvard.edu ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> It is a widespread view that support for Fair Trade is called for, whereas agricultural subsidies are pegged as unjustifiable. Though one supports farmers in developing countries while the other does the same for those in already developed ones, there are, nonetheless, similarities between both scenarios. Both are economically `inefficient', upholding production beyond what the market would sustain. In both cases, supportive arguments (...)
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  11.  57
    Racial Profiling: A Reply to Two Critics.Mathias Risse - 2007 - Criminal Justice Ethics 26 (1):4-19.
  12.  6
    Critical Notice of Aaron James,Fairness in Practice: A Social Contract for a Global Economy.Mathias Risse & Gabriel Wollner - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (3):382-401.
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  13.  47
    Arguing for Majority Rule.Mathias Risse - 2004 - Journal of Political Philosophy 12 (1):41–64.
    ALTHOUGH majority rule finds ready acceptance whenever groups make decisions, there are surprisingly few philosophically interesting arguments in support of it.1 Jeremy Waldron’s The Dignity of Legislation contains the most interesting recent defense of majority rule. Waldron combines his own argument from respect with May’s influential characterization of majority rule, tying both to a reinterpretation of a well-known passage from Locke’s Second Treatise (“the body moves into the direction determined by the majority of forces”). Despite its impressive resourcefulness, Waldron’s defense (...)
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  14.  86
    Two Models of Equality and Responsibility.Michael Blake & Mathias Risse - 2008 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):165-199.
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  15.  76
    Common Ownership of the Earth as a Non-Parochial Standpoint: A Contingent Derivation of Human Rights.Mathias Risse - 2009 - European Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):277-304.
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  16.  6
    Chapter 8. Proportionate Use: Immigration and Original Ownership of the Earth.Mathias Risse - 2012 - In On Global Justice. Princeton University Press. pp. 152-166.
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  17.  68
    An Exchange: The Morality of Immigration.Ryan Pevnick, Philip Cafaro & Mathias Risse - 2008 - Ethics and International Affairs 22 (3):241-259.
    Writing in EIA 22, no. 1, Mathias Risse presented a novel way to think about the problem of immigration in the context of global justice, adopting the standpoint of the common ownership of the earth. The following Exchange is in response to that essay.
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  18. The Second Treatise in in the Genealogy of Morality: Nietzsche on the Origin of the Bad Conscience.Mathias Risse - 2001 - European Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):55–81.
    On a postcard to Franz Overbeck from January 4, 1888, Nietzsche makes some illuminating remarks with respect to the three treatises in his book On the Genealogy of Morality.2 Nietzsche says that, ‘for the sake of clarity, it was necessary artificially to isolate the different roots of that complex structure that is called morality. Each of these three treatises expresses a single primum mobile; a fourth and fifth are missing, as is even the most essential (‘the herd instinct’) – for (...)
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  19.  56
    The Human Right to Water and Common Ownership of the Earth.Mathias Risse - 2014 - Journal of Political Philosophy 22 (2):178-203.
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  20.  14
    Three Images of Trade: On the Place of Trade in a Theory of Global Justice.Gabriel Wollner & Mathias Risse - 2014 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 1 (2):201-225.
    Economic theory teaches that it is in every country’s interest to trade. Trade is a voluntary activity among consenting parties. On this view, considerations of justice have little bearing on trade, and political philosophers concerned with global justice should stay largely silent on trade. According to a very different view that has recently gained prominence, international trade can only occur before the background of an international market reliance practice shaped by states. Trade is a shared activity among states, and all (...)
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  21. Immigration and Original Ownership of the Earth.Michael Blake & Mathias Risse - 2009 - Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 23 (1):133-166.
     
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  22. Exchange: Racial and Ethnic Profiling.Mathias Risse, Annabelle Lever & Michael Levin - 2007 - Criminal Justice Ethics 26 (1):3-35.
    In this paper I respond to Mathias Risse's objections to my critique of his views on racial profiling in Philosophy and Public Affairs. I draw on the work of Richard Sampson and others on racial disadvantage in the USA to show that racial profiling likely aggravates racial injustices that are already there. However, I maintain, clarify and defend my original claim against Risse that racial profiling itself is likely to cause racial injustice, even if we abstract from unfair background conditions. (...)
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  23. Is There a Human Right to Free Movement? Immigration and Original Ownership of the Earth.Michael Blake & Mathias Risse - 2009 - Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 23 (133):166.
    1. Among the most striking features of the political arrangements on this planet is its division into sovereign states.1 To be sure, in recent times, globalization has woven together the fates of communities and individuals in distant parts of the world in complex ways. It is partly for this reason that now hardly anyone champions a notion of sovereignty that would entirely discount a state’s liability the effects that its actions would have on foreign nationals. Still, state sovereignty persists as (...)
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  24.  58
    On God and Guilt: A Reply to Aaron Ridley.Mathias Risse - 2005 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 29 (1):46-53.
    1. Let me begin by distinguishing two conceptions of guilt. The first conceives of guilt as an experience of reprehensible failure in response to specific actions. I feel guilty if I break a promise for reasons that cannot justify this transgression. This conception of guilt as a responsive attitude, which I call locally- reactive guilt, captures a tension in one’s agency that arises from a local failure. The second conception understands guilt as a condition that shapes one’s whole existence. Guilt, (...)
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  25. Why the Count de Borda Cannot Beat the Marquis de Condorcet.Mathias Risse - unknown
    Although championed by the Marquis the Condorcet and many others, majority rule has often been rejected as indeterminate, incoherent, or implausible. Majority rule’s arch competitor is the Borda count, proposed by the Count de Borda, and there has long been a dispute between the two approaches. In several..
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  26. Nietzschean 'Animal Psychology' Versus Kantian Ethics.Mathias Risse - 2007 - In Brian Leiter & Neil Sinhababu (eds.), Nietzsche and Morality. Oxford University Press. pp. 57--82.
     
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  27.  69
    Harsanyi's 'Utilitarian Theorem' and Utilitarianism.Mathias Risse - 2002 - Noûs 36 (4):550–577.
    1.1 In 1955, John Harsanyi proved a remarkable theorem:1 Suppose n agents satisfy the assumptions of von Neumann/Morgenstern (1947) expected utility theory, and so does the group as a whole (or an observer). Suppose that, if each member of the group prefers option a to b, then so does the group, or the observer (Pareto condition). Then the group’s utility function is a weighted sum of the individual utility functions. Despite Harsanyi’s insistence that what he calls the Utilitarian Theorem embeds (...)
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  28. What Equality of Opportunity Could Not Be.Mathias Risse - 2002 - Ethics 112 (4):720-747.
    This study is concerned with john R0emer’s Equality of Opportunity} I argue that his theory is committed to compatibilism but that one of its central claims is plausible only within a libertarian view on the free-will problem. Thus Roemer’s theory is troubled by a deep structural inco— herence and should be rejected as an account of equality of opportunity? Let me briefly introduce some background to Roemer’s theory. Contemporary egalitarians face two major challenges: first, they need..
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  29. Migration, Territoriality, and Culture.Michael Blake & Mathias Risse - 2008 - In Ryberg Jesper & Petersen Thomas (eds.), New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave.
    Little work has been done to explore the moral foundations of the state’s right to territory.1 In modern times, the state has mostly been assumed to be a territorial unit, and no need was perceived to reflect on precisely what justifies its territorial jurisdiction. The state’s territoriality is related to another topic that has remained under-theorized: immigration. There is, moreover, an obvious relationship between these topics: the more powerful a state’s rights over its territory, the more powerful the right to (...)
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  30.  41
    Fairness in Trade I: Obligations From Trading and the Pauper-Labor Argument.Mathias Risse - 2007 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 6 (3):355-377.
    Standard economic theory teaches that trade benefits all countries involved, at least in the long run. While there are other reasons for trade liberalization, this insight, going back to Ricardo's 1817 Principles of Political Economy , continues to underlie international economics. Trade also raises fairness questions. First, suppose A trades with B while parts of A's population are oppressed. Do the oppressed in A have a complaint in fairness against B? Should B cease to trade? Second, suppose because of oppression (...)
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  31.  71
    Origins of Ressentiment and Sources of Normativity.Mathias Risse - 2003 - Nietzsche-Studien 32 (1):142-170.
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  32.  76
    A Right to Work? A Right to Leisure? Labor Rights as Human Rights.Mathias Risse - 2009 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 3 (1):1-39.
    Labor rights are the first to come up for criticism when accounts of human rights are offered in response to philosophical questions about them, and notoriously so Article 24, which talks about `rest and leisure' and `period holidays with pay.' This study first tries to make it plausible why labor rights would appear on the Universal Declaration, and next articulates some philosophical objections to their presence there. The interesting question then is not so much how one could respond to the (...)
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  33.  51
    On the Philosophy of Group Decision Methods I: The Nonobviousness of Majority Rule.Mathias Risse - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (5):793-802.
    Majority rule is often adopted almost by default as a group decision rule. One might think, therefore, that the conditions under which it applies, and the argument on its behalf, are well understood. However, the standard arguments in support of majority rule display systematic deficiencies. This article explores these weaknesses, and assesses what can be said on behalf of majority rule.
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  34.  34
    What is Rational About Nash Equilibria?Mathias Risse - 2000 - Synthese 124 (3):361 - 384.
    Nash Equilibrium is a central concept ingame theory. It has been argued that playing NashEquilibrium strategies is rational advice for agentsinvolved in one-time strategic interactions capturedby non-cooperative game theory. This essaydiscusses arguments for that position: vonNeumann–Morgenstern's argument for their minimaxsolution, the argument from self-enforcingagreements, the argument from the absence ofprobabilities, the transparency-of-reasons argument,the argument from regret, and the argument fromcorrelated equilibrium. All of these argumentseither fail entirely or have a very limited scope.Whatever the use of Nash Equilibrium is, therefore,it is (...)
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  35.  35
    On the Philosophy of Group Decision Methods II: Alternatives to Majority Rule.Mathias Risse - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (5):803-812.
    In this companion piece to 'On the Philosophy of Group Decision Methods I: The Non-Obviousness of Majority Rule', we take a closer look at some competitors of majority rule. This exploration supplements the conclusions of the other piece, as well as offers a further-reaching introduction to some of the challenges that this field currently poses to philosophers.
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  36.  25
    Arrow's Theorem, Indeterminacy, and Multiplicity Reconsidered.Mathias Risse - 2001 - Ethics 111 (4):706-734.
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  37.  55
    Reply to Abizadeh, Chung and Farrelly.Mathias Risse - 2013 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 8 (2):62-73.
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  38.  5
    What Is Rational About Nash Equilibria?Mathias Risse - 2000 - Synthese 124 (3):361-384.
    Nash Equilibrium is a central concept in game theory. It has been argued that playing Nash Equilibrium strategies is rational advice for agents involved in one-time strategic interactions captured by non-cooperative game theory. This essay discusses arguments for that position: von Neumann-Morgenstern's argument for their minimax solution, the argument from self-enforcing agreements, the argument from the absence of probabilities, the transparency-of-reasons argument, the argument from regret, and the argument from correlated equilibrium. All of these arguments either fail entirely or have (...)
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  39. Common Ownership of the Earth as a Non‐Parochial Standpoint: A Contingent Derivation of Human Rights.Mathias Risse - 2009 - European Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):277-304.
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  40.  18
    Nietzsche's “Joyous and Trusting Fatalism”.Mathias Risse - 2003 - International Studies in Philosophy 35 (3):147-162.
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  41.  61
    Preference Aggregation After Harsanyi.Matthias Hild, Mathias Risse, John Harsanyi, John Rawls & John A. Weymark - unknown
    Consider a group of people whose preferences satisfy the axioms of one of the current versions of utility theory, such as von Neumann-Morgenstern (1944), Savage (1954), or Bolker-Jeffrey (1965). There are political and economic contexts in which it is of interest to find ways of aggregating these individual preferences into a group preference ranking. The question then arises of whether methods of aggregation exist in which the group’s preferences also satisfy the axioms of the chosen utility theory, and in which (...)
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  42.  59
    What to Make of the Liberal Paradox?Mathias Risse - 2001 - Theory and Decision 50 (2):169-196.
    Sen's Liberal Paradox has received a good deal of attention in the literature. However, it is worth re-opening the discussion since the solutions offered so far have serious problems and since there is more to say about the nature of the problem displayed by the Liberal Paradox. I propose a new solution to the paradox in the following sense: First, I argue that its range of applicability is not very broad. Second, there is nothing paradoxical about a conflict of the (...)
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  43.  3
    The Second Treatise in In the Genealogy of Morality: Nietzsche on the Origin of the Bad Conscience.Mathias Risse - 2001 - European Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):55-81.
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  44.  47
    The Morally Decent Person.Mathias Risse - 2000 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 38 (2):263-279.
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  45. Do We Owe the Global Poor Assistance or Rectification?Mathias Risse - 2005 - Ethics & International Affairs 19 (1).
    Risse asserts that the global order "can plausibly be credited with the considerable improvements in human well-being that have been achieved over the last 200 years. Much of what Pogge says about our duties toward developing countries is therefore false.".
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  46.  45
    A Generalization of Aumann's Agreement Theorem.Matthias Hild & Mathias Risse - unknown
    The scope of Aumann’s (1976) Agreement Theorem is needlessly limited by its restriction to Conditioning as the update rule. Here we prove the theorem in a more comprehensive framework, in which the evolution of probabilities is represented directly, without deriving new probabilities from new certainties. The framework allows arbitrary update rules subject only to Goldstein’s (1983) requirement that current expectations agree with current expectations of future expectations.
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  47.  1
    Multilateralism and Megaregionalism From the Grounds-of-Justice Standpoint.Mathias Risse - 2017 - Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric 10 (1).
    This paper considers the trend towards megaregionalism that became prominent in the trade domain in the last years of the Obama administration. While megaregionalism has fallen by the wayside since Trump’s inauguration, the underlying rationale for such treaties will most likely reassert itself rather soon. So there are structural issues that need to be discussed from a standpoint of global justice. In all likelihood, megaregionalism is detrimental to global justice. TTIP in particular, or anything like it, might derail any possibility (...)
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  48.  21
    Benhabib , Seyla . Dignity in Adversity: Human Rights in Troubled Times . Cambridge: Polity Press, 2011. Pp. 288. $69.95 (Cloth); $24.95 (Paper). [REVIEW]Mathias Risse - 2012 - Ethics 122 (4):790-797.
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  49.  25
    Review of Iris Marion Young, Responsibility for Justice[REVIEW]Mathias Risse - 2011 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2011 (2).
  50.  28
    Critical Notice Should Citizens of a Welfare State Be Transformed Into “Queens”?Mathias Risse - 2005 - Economics and Philosophy 21 (2):291-303.
    Julian Le Grand offers an account of public policy that arranges views along two axes: a motivational axis, along which individuals can be knights or knaves, and an agency axis, along which they can be pawns or queens. Knaves are concerned to further their self-interest, understood broadly in terms of whatever people may care about. Following Hume, Le Grand calls such characters “knaves,” but this has no automatic connotations with illegal activities. Knights, on the other hand, are motivated to help (...)
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