Results for 'Osamu Tsutsumi'

69 found
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  1.  22
    The Decision-Making Process for the Fate of Frozen Embryos by Japanese Infertile Women: A Qualitative Study. [REVIEW]Shizuko Takahashi, Misao Fujita, Akihisa Fujimoto, Toshihiro Fujiwara, Tetsu Yano, Osamu Tsutsumi, Yuji Taketani & Akira Akabayashi - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):9-.
    BackgroundPrevious studies have found that the decision-making process for stored unused frozen embryos involves much emotional burden influenced by socio-cultural factors. This study aims to ascertain how Japanese patients make a decision on the fate of their frozen embryos: whether to continue storage discard or donate to research.MethodsTen Japanese women who continued storage, 5 who discarded and 16 who donated to research were recruited from our infertility clinic. Tape-recorded interviews were transcribed and analyzed for emergent themes.ResultsA model of patients’ decision-making (...)
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  2.  2
    The Adventures of Amaru: Integrating Learning Tasks Into a Digital Game for Teaching Children in Early Phases of Literacy.Gilberto Nerino de Souza, Yvan Pereira dos Santos Brito, Myenne Mieko Ayres Tsutsumi, Leonardo Brandão Marques, Paulo Roney Kilpp Goulart, Dionne Cavalcante Monteiro & Ádamo Lima de Santana - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  3. Books and Boats: Sino-Japanese Relations and Cultural Transmission in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries.Oba Osamu & Joshua A. Fogel - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (2).
     
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  4.  4
    Review of Sawada, Osamu Pragmatic Aspects of Scalar Modifiers: The Semantics-Pragmatics Interface. [REVIEW]Jacob L. Mey - 2018 - Pragmatics and Society 9 (4):654-656.
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  5.  36
    Book Review: Osamu Tezuka, Buda, Translated by Marc Bernabé and Verònica Calafell, and Osama Tezuka, Buddha. [REVIEW]Paul L. Swanson - 2004 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 31 (1):233-240.
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  6.  5
    Shiga NaoyaDazai Osamu.William E. Naff, Francis Mathy & James A. O'Brien - 1977 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 97 (3):403.
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  7. Function and Modality.Osamu Kiritani - 2011 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 32 (1):1-4.
    Naturalistic teleological accounts of mental content rely on an etiological theory of function. Nanay has raised a new objection to an etiological theory, and proposed an alternative theory of function that attributes modal force to claims about function. The aim of this paper is both to defend and to cast a new light on an etiological theory of function. I argue against Nanay’s “trait type individuation objection,” suggesting that an etiological theory also attributes modal force to claims about function. An (...)
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  8. Naming and Necessity From a Functional Point of View.Osamu Kiritani - 2013 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):93-98.
    The aim of this paper is to develop a new connection between naming and necessity. I argue that Kripke’s historical account of naming presupposes the functional necessity of naming. My argument appeals to the etiological notion of function, which can be thought to capture the necessity of functionality in historical terms. It is shown that the historical account of naming entails all conditions in an etiological definition of function.
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  9. Modality and Function: Reply to Nanay.Osamu Kiritani - 2011 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 32 (2):89-90.
    This paper replies to Nanay’s response to my recent paper. My suggestions are the following. First, “should” or “ought” does not need to be deontic. Second, etiological theories of function, like provability logic, do not need to attribute modal force to their explanans. Third, the explanans of the homological account of trait type individuation does not appeal to a trait’s etiological function, that is, what a trait should or ought to do. Finally, my reference to Cummins’s notion of function was (...)
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  10.  32
    Scale Structure, Coercion, and the Interpretation of Measure Phrases in Japanese.Osamu Sawada & Thomas Grano - 2011 - Natural Language Semantics 19 (2):191-226.
    This paper investigates the semantics of measure phrases in Japanese. Based on new data, we argue that the interpretation of measure phrases in Japanese is sensitive to scale structure such that (i) measure phrases are introduced by a degree morpheme that selects only for gradable predicates whose scale contains a minimal element (i.e., a lower closed scale) and (ii) violations to this restriction are repaired via coercion, which forces a comparative interpretation with a contextually determined standard and hence a minimal (...)
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  11. Naming and Normativity.Osamu Kiritani - 2008 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 29 (1-2):49-54.
    Evolutionary theory has recently been applied to language. The aim of this paper is to contribute to such an evolutionary approach to language. I argue that Kripke’s causal account of proper names, in terms of natural selection, captures the norm of uses of a proper name, which is to refer to the same object as past others’ uses in a linguistic community. My argument appeals to Millikan’s theory of direct proper functions, which captures the norms of various functional entities in (...)
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  12.  12
    Retrospective Diagnosis of a Famous Historical Figure: Ontological, Epistemic, and Ethical Considerations.Osamu Muramoto - 2014 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 9:10.
    The aim of this essay is to elaborate philosophical and ethical underpinnings of posthumous diagnosis of famous historical figures based on literary and artistic products, or commonly called retrospective diagnosis. It discusses ontological and epistemic challenges raised in the humanities and social sciences, and attempts to systematically reply to their criticisms from the viewpoint of clinical medicine, philosophy of medicine, particularly the ontology of disease and the epistemology of diagnosis, and medical ethics. The ontological challenge focuses on the doubt about (...)
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  13.  18
    Socially and Temporally Extended End-of-Life Decision-Making Process for Dementia Patients.Osamu Muramoto - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (6):339-343.
    There are two contrasting views on the decision-making for life-sustaining treatment in advanced stages of dementia when the patient is deemed incompetent. One is to respect the patient's precedent autonomy by adhering to advance directives or using the substituted judgement standard. The other is to use the best-interests standard, particularly if the current judgement on what is best for the incapacitated patient contradicts the instructions from the patient's precedent autonomy. In this paper, I argue that the protracted clinical course of (...)
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  14.  12
    Paying Attention to Orthography: A Visual Evoked Potential Study.Anthony T. Herdman & Osamu Takai - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  15.  5
    Informed Consent for the Diagnosis of Brain Death: A Conceptual Argument.Osamu Muramoto - 2016 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 11:8.
    BackgroundThis essay provides an ethical and conceptual argument for the use of informed consent prior to the diagnosis of brain death. It is meant to enable the family to make critical end-of-life decisions, particularly withdrawal of life support system and organ donation, before brain death is diagnosed, as opposed to the current practice of making such decisions after the diagnosis of death. The recent tragic case of a 13-year-old brain-dead patient in California who was maintained on a ventilator for over (...)
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  16. Self and No-Self: Continuing the Dialogue Between Buddhism and Psychotherapy.Dale Mathers, Melvin E. Miller & Osamu Ando (eds.) - 2009 - Routledge.
    This collection explores the growing interface between Eastern and Western concepts of what it is to be human from analytical psychology, psychoanalytic and Buddhist perspectives. The relationship between these different approaches has been discussed for decades, with each discipline inviting its followers to explore the depths of the psyche and confront the sometimes difficult psychological experiences that can emerge during any in-depth exploration of mental processes. _Self and No-Self_ considers topics discussed at the Self and No-Self conference in Kyoto, Japan (...)
     
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  17.  28
    Why Some Jehovah's Witnesses Accept Blood and Conscientiously Reject Official Watchtower Society Blood Policy.L. Elder - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (5):375-380.
    In their responses to Dr Osamu Muramoto Watchtower Society spokesmen David Malyon and Donald Ridley ,1–3 deny many of the criticisms levelled against the WTS by Muramoto.4–6 In this paper I argue as a Jehovah's Witness and on behalf of the members of AJWRB that there is no biblical basis for the WTS's partial ban on blood and that this dissenting theological view should be made clear to all JW patients who reject blood on religious grounds. Such patients should (...)
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  18. Proper Names and Local Information.Osamu Kiritani - 2008 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 29 (3):281-284.
    Evolutionary theory has recently been applied to language. The aim of this paper is to contribute to such an evolutionary approach to language. I argue that Kripke’s causal account of proper names, from an ecological point of view, captures the information carried by uses of a proper name, which is that a certain object is referred to. My argument appeals to Millikan’s concept of local information, which captures information about the environment useful for an organism.
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  19. Teleology and the Meaning of Life.Osamu Kiritani - 2012 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 33 (1-2):97-102.
    The “units of selection” debate in philosophy of biology addresses which entity benefits from natural selection. Nanay has tried to explain why we are obsessed with the question about the meaning of life, using the notion of group selection, although he is skeptical about answering the question from a biological point of view. The aim of this paper is to give a biological explanation to the meaning of life. I argue that the meaning of life is survival and reproduction, appealing (...)
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  20.  5
    A Possible Link Between BDNF and mTOR in Control of Food Intake.Nobuyuki Takei, Kazuo Furukawa, Osamu Hanyu, Hirohito Sone & Hiroyuki Nawa - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  21.  31
    System Design of “Ba”-Like Stages for Improvisational Acts Via Leibnizian Space–Time and Peirce’s Existential Graph Concepts.Osamu Katai, Katsushi Minamizono, Takayuki Shiose & Hiroshi Kawakami - 2007 - AI and Society 22 (2):101-112.
    A framework for “improvisational” social acts and communication is introduced by referring to the idea of “relationalism” such as natural farming, permaculture and deep ecology. Based on this conception, the notion of Existential Graph by C. S. Peirce is introduced. The notion of extended self in deep ecology is substantiated based on the Roy Adaptation Model in Nursing Theory and Narrative approaches. By focusing on Leibnizian notions of space and time and by introducing Petri net, a spatio-temporal model of improvisation (...)
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  22.  7
    Some Modal Logics Based on a Three-Valued Logic.Osamu Morikawa - 1988 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 30 (1):130-137.
  23.  14
    Visualization of Balancing Systems Based on Naïve Psychological Approaches.Akira Notsu, Hidetomo Ichihashi, Katsuhiro Honda & Osamu Katai - 2009 - AI and Society 23 (2):281-296.
    In this paper, we propose a novel medium for interactions based on an interpersonal psychological approach referred to as ‘naïve psychology’. We adopt the visual assessment of clustering tendency (VAT) to naïve psychology for the visual understanding of other people. The VAT algorithm produces a visual display that can be used to assess clustering tendencies in a set of persons (notions) by reconstructing a digital image representation of a square relational dissimilarity matrix for its set. This algorithm clearly represents two (...)
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  24.  53
    The Problem of Vitalism Revisited.Osamu Kanamori - 2005 - Angelaki 10 (2):13 – 26.
    (2005). The Problem of Vitalism Revisited. Angelaki: Vol. 10, continental philosophy and the sciences the french tradition issue editor: andrew aitken, pp. 13-26.
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  25. Jehovah's Witness Bioethics.Osamu Muramoto - 2008 - In Peter A. Singer & A. M. Viens (eds.), The Cambridge Textbook of Bioethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 416.
     
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  26.  14
    Ethical Challenges and Clinical Implications of Molecular Imaging of Human Consciousness.Tamami Fukushi & Osamu Sakura - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (9):23 – 24.
  27.  8
    Exploring the Origin of Neuroethics: From the Viewpoints of Expression and Concepts.Tamami Fukushi & Osamu Sakura - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (1):56-57.
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  28.  7
    Two Simple Characterizations of the Nash Bargaining Solution.Osamu Mori - 2018 - Theory and Decision 85 (2):225-232.
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  29.  32
    Similarities and Varieties: A Brief Sketch on the Reception of Darwinism and Sociobiology in Japan. [REVIEW]Osamu Sakura - 1998 - Biology and Philosophy 13 (3):341-357.
    This paper discusses the reception of Darwinian evolutionary theory and sociobiology in Japan. Darwinism was introduced into Japan in the late 19th century and Japanese people readily accepted the concept of evolution because, lacking Christianity, there was no religious opposition. However, the theory of evolution was treated as a kind of social scientific tool, i.e., social Spencerism and eugenics. Although evolutionary biology was developed during the late 19th and the early 20th century, orthodox Darwinian theory was neglected for a long (...)
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  30.  37
    Clinical Prediction Rules for Bacteremia and in‐Hospital Death Based on Clinical Data at the Time of Blood Withdrawal for Culture: An Evaluation of Their Development and Use.Tsukasa Nakamura, Osamu Takahashi, Kunihiko Matsui, Shiro Shimizu, Motoichi Setoyama, Masahisa Nakagawa, Tsuguya Fukui & Takeshi Morimoto - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (6):692-703.
  31. A Proposal of the Pluralistic Terminology Implicated From.Osamu Sakura - forthcoming - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science.
     
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  32.  20
    Une ^|^eacute;pist^|^eacute;mologie de l'instrument chez Gaston Bachelard.Osamu Kanamori - 1995 - Annals of the Japan Association for Philosophy of Science 8 (5):267-278.
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  33.  24
    Influence of Income on Health Status and Healthcare Utilization in Working Adults: An Illustration of Health Among the Working Poor in Japan.Yasuharu Tokuda, Sachiko Ohde, Osamu Takahashi, Shigeaki Hinohara, Tsuguya Fukui, Takashi Inoguchi, James P. Butler & Shigeyuki Ueda - 2009 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 10 (1):79-92.
    Little is known about health of the growing subpopulation of the working poor in Japan. We aimed to evaluate health status and healthcare utilization in relation to income among Japanese working adults. We conducted a one-month prospective cohort study using a health diary in working adults from a nationally representative random sample in Japan. Based on the government criterion, the working poor group was defined as earning an equivalent annual income of less than 1.48 million Japanese-yen. For health status, we (...)
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  34.  36
    Situated and Embodied Interactions for Symbiotic and Inclusive Societies.Osamu Katai, Toyoaki Nishida & Renate Fruchter - 2011 - AI and Society 26 (3):193-196.
  35.  18
    A Note on R− S Lemma.Osamu Sonobe - 1979 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 8 (1):10-13.
    Rauszer and Sabalski proved in [2] that distributivity with respect to infi- nite joins and meets is a sucient and necessary condition making the RasiowaSikorski Lemma valid in distributive lattices. The main part of their proof is a direct construction of a required filter under distributivity. In this note we show that a generalization of the result can be obtained from the Rasiowa-Sikorski Lemma for Boolean algebras by using Gornemann’s result in [1] instead of a direct con- ¨ struction. Suppose (...)
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  36.  18
    Formalizing Coexistential Communication as Co-Creation of Leibnizian Spatio-Temporal Fields.Osamu Katai, Hiroshi Kawakami, Takayuki Shiose & Akira Notsu - 2010 - AI and Society 25 (2):145-153.
    This paper proposes deep and fundamental structures of communication among persons in a “coexistential” setting. The basic framework for this formalization of communication structures is Leibnizian notions of space and time together with the notion of the Existential Graph by C. S. Peirce and that of the Petri net, more precisely, the occurrence net. The fundamental structures of coexistential communication are then formalized as co-creation of Leibnizian space and time in such a manner that they are used to link the (...)
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  37.  12
    Diffusion of Manganese in Cobalt and Cobalt-Manganese Alloys.Yoshiaki Iijima, Ken-Ichi Hirano & Osamu Taguchi - 1977 - Philosophical Magazine 35 (1):229-244.
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  38.  14
    Japan's Civil Registration Systems Before and After the Meiji Restoration.Osamu Saito & Masahiro Sato - 2012 - In Registration and Recognition: Documenting the Person in World History. pp. 113.
    This chapter traces the evolution of Japan's systems of household and land registration from c.1600 to the period of early Meiji reforms in the 1870s and 1880s, with due attention to the distinction between a system designed by the state and local forms of registration practice. In the section on the pre-Meiji period, one such local practice of having people ‘disowned’ and its consequence — registerlessness — is examined. The section on the Meiji reforms and the section that follows turn (...)
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  39.  10
    Analyzing Real-Valued Learning Classifier Systems: Validating Real-Valued Representations and its Parameter Sensitivity for XCS.Atsushi Wada, Keiki Takadama, Katsunori Shimohara & Osamu Katai - 2005 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 20:57-66.
  40.  14
    Primitive Recursive Analogues of Regular Cardinals Based on Ordinal Representation Systems for KPi and KPM.Osamu Takaki - 2005 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 44 (6):689-709.
    In this paper, we develop primitive recursive analogues of regular cardinals by using ordinal representation systems for KPi and KPM. We also define primitive recursive analogues of inaccessible and hyperinaccessible cardinals. Moreover, we characterize the primitive recursive analogue of the least (uncountable) regular cardinal.
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  41.  16
    An Utterance Situation-Based Comparison.Osamu Sawada - 2014 - Linguistics and Philosophy 37 (3):205-248.
    The Japanese comparative adverb motto has two different uses. In the degree use, motto compares two individuals and denotes that there is a large gap between the target and a given standard with a norm-related presupposition. On the other hand, in the so-called ‘negative use’ it conveys the speaker’s attitude toward the utterance situation. I argue that similarly to the degree motto, the negative motto is a comparative morpheme, but unlike the degree motto it compares a current situation and an (...)
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  42.  14
    On the Difference Between Polynomial-Time Many-One and Truth-Table.Shin Aida, Rainer Schuler, Tatsuie Tsukiji & Osamu Watanabe - 1992 - Complexity 44:193-219.
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  43.  12
    Developing Social Awareness and Positive Attitudes Towards Pace Running in Elementary School Students, a Social Constructivist Perspective.Osamu Suzuki, Naoto Kawasaki & Masaru Negami - 2005 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education 27 (1):1-16.
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  44.  7
    The Light-Driven Sodium Ion Pump: A New Player in Rhodopsin Research.Hideaki E. Kato, Keiichi Inoue, Hideki Kandori & Osamu Nureki - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (12):1274-1282.
    Rhodopsins are one of the most studied photoreceptor protein families, and ion‐translocating rhodopsins, both pumps and channels, have recently attracted broad attention because of the development of optogenetics. Recently, a new functional class of ion‐pumping rhodopsins, an outward Na+ pump, was discovered, and following structural and functional studies enable us to compare three functionally different ion‐pumping rhodopsins: outward proton pump, inward Cl− pump, and outward Na+ pump. Here, we review the current knowledge on structure‐function relationships in these three light‐driven pumps, (...)
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  45.  14
    Extended Gentzen-Type Formulations of Two Temporal Logics Based on Incomplete Knowledge Systems.Osamu Morikawa - 2001 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 42 (1):55-64.
    Nakamura proposed two three-valued temporal logics. We present two extended Gentzen-type formulations of these logics. Then we prove the soundness as well as the completeness theorem.
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  46.  4
    Bollywood/Hollywood.Madhavi Sunder - 2011 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 12 (1):275-308.
    Free flow of culture is not always fair flow of culture. A recent spate of copyright suits by Hollywood against Bollywood accuses the latter of ruthlessly copying movie themes and scenes from America. But claims of cultural appropriation go far back, and travel in multiple directions. The revered American director, Steven Spielberg, has been accused of copying the idea for E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial from legendary Indian filmmaker Satyajit Ray’s 1962 script, The Alien. Disney’s The Lion King bears striking similarities to (...)
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  47.  12
    Map for Accomplishing Spatial Tasks.Osamu Hoshino, Takafumi Yoshizawa & Takeshi Kambara - 2002 - In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins. pp. 33--289.
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  48.  12
    Accumulation of Rapid and Small Synaptic Increase as a Basis for Implicit Memory.Osamu Hoshino, Satoru Inoue, Yoshiki Kashimori & Takeshi Kambara - 2002 - In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind. John Benjamins. pp. 217.
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  49.  7
    A Flexible Behavioral Learning System with Modular Neural Networks.Johane Takeuchi, Osamu Shouno & Hiroshi Tsujino - 2012 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 27 (2):92-102.
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  50.  7
    Agent Organization System for Multi-Agent Based Network Management.Atsushi Terauchi, Osamu Akashi, Mitsuru Maruyama, Toshiharu Sugawara, Kensuke Fukuda, Toshio Hirotsu, Satoshi Kurihara & Keiichi Koyanagi - 2007 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 22:482-492.
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