Results for 'Ruth E. Bulger'

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  1.  27
    The Social Responsibilities of Biological Scientists.Stanley Joel Reiser & Ruth E. Bulger - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (2):137-143.
    Biological scientists, like scientists in other disciplines, are uncertain about whether or how to use their knowledge and time to provide society with insight and guidance in handling the effects of inventions and discoveries. This article addresses this issue. It presents a typography of structures in which scientists may contribute to social understanding and decisions. It describes the different ways in which these contributions can be made. Finally it develops the ethical arguments that justify the view that biological scientists have (...)
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  2. Research with Human Beings.Ruth Ellen Bulger, E. Heitman & S. Reiser - 2002 - In Ruth Ellen Bulger, Elizabeth Heitman & Stanley Joel Reiser (eds.), The Ethical Dimensions of the Biological and Health Sciences. Cambridge University Press.
     
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  3. Ruth Ellen Bulger, Elizabeth Heitman, and Stanley Joel Reiser, Eds., Ethical Dimensions of the Biological Sciences Reviewed By.Francis J. Beckwith - 1994 - Philosophy in Review 14 (4):242-243.
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  4.  13
    From Diversity to Inclusion to Equity: A Theory of Generative Interactions.Ruth Sessler Bernstein, Morgan Bulger, Paul Salipante & Judith Y. Weisinger - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (3):395-410.
    This paper develops a practice-based Theory of Generative Interactions across diversity that builds on empirical findings and conceptual frameworks from multiple fields of study. This transdisciplinary review draws on the disciplines of sociology, social psychology, organization studies, and communications. The Theory of Generative Interactions suggests that in order to facilitate inclusion, multiple types of exclusionary dynamics must be overcome through adaptive cognitive processing and skill development, and engagement in positive interactions must occur in order to facilitate inclusion that is created (...)
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  5.  29
    ‘Einselection’ of Pointer Observables: The New H-Theorem?Ruth E. Kastner - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 48 (1):56-58.
    In attempting to derive irreversible macroscopic thermodynamics from reversible microscopic dynamics, Boltzmann inadvertently smuggled in a premise that assumed the very irreversibility he was trying to prove: ‘molecular chaos.’ The program of ‘Einselection’ within Everettian approaches faces a similar ‘Loschmidt’s Paradox’: the universe, according to the Everettian picture, is a closed system obeying only unitary dynamics, and it therefore contains no distinguishable environmental subsystems with the necessary ‘phase randomness’ to effect einselection of a pointer observable. The theoretically unjustified assumption of (...)
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  6.  40
    The Possibilist Transactional Interpretation and Relativity.Ruth E. Kastner - 2012 - Foundations of Physics 42 (8):1094-1113.
    A recent ontological variant of Cramer’s Transactional Interpretation, called “Possibilist Transactional Interpretation” or PTI, is extended to the relativistic domain. The present interpretation clarifies the concept of ‘absorption,’ which plays a crucial role in TI (and in PTI). In particular, in the relativistic domain, coupling amplitudes between fields are interpreted as amplitudes for the generation of confirmation waves (CW) by a potential absorber in response to offer waves (OW), whereas in the nonrelativistic context CW are taken as generated with certainty. (...)
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  7. Cramer’s Transactional Interpretation and Causal Loop Problems.Ruth E. Kastner - 2006 - Synthese 150 (1):1 - 14.
    Tim Maudlin’s argument for the inconsistency of Cramer’s Transactional Interpretation (TI) of quantum theory has been considered in some detail by Joseph Berkovitz, who has provided a possible solution to this challenge at the cost of a significant empirical lacuna on the part of TI. The present paper proposes an alternative solution in which Maudlin’s charge of inconsistency is evaded but at no cost of empirical content on the part of TI. However, Maudlin’s argument is taken as ruling out Cramer’s (...)
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  8.  20
    Connected Lives: Human Nature and an Ethics of Care.Ruth E. Groenhout - 2006 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Connected Lives examines the account of human nature that is implicit in an ethics of care, a picture of human lives that emphasizes interdependency, embodiment, and social connectedness. The book makes important connections to the picture of human life found in theorists of love such as St. Augustine and Emmanuel Levinas, and shows that when care theory is articulated clearly, it provides resources for thinking through some of the difficult moral issues we face in the contemporary world, issues such as (...)
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  9. The Quantum Liar Experiment in Cramer's Transactional Interpretation.Ruth E. Kastner - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 41 (2):86-92.
    Cramer's Transactional Interpretation (TI) is applied to the ``Quantum Liar Experiment'' (QLE). It is shown how some apparently paradoxical features can be explained naturally, albeit nonlocally (since TI is an explicitly nonlocal interpretation). At the same time, it is proposed that in order to preserve the elegance and economy of the interpretation, it may be necessary to consider offer and confirmation waves as propagating in a ``higher space'' of possibilities.
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  10.  7
    The Possibilist Transactional Interpretation and Relativity.Ruth E. Kastner - 2012 - Foundations of Physics 42 (8):1094-1113.
    A recent ontological modification of Cramer’s Transactional Interpretation, called “Possibilist Transactional Interpretation” or PTI, is extended to the relativistic domain. The present interpretation clarifies the concept of ‘absorption,’ which plays a crucial role in TI. In particular, in the relativistic domain, coupling amplitudes between fields are interpreted as amplitudes for the generation of confirmation waves by a potential absorber in response to offer waves, whereas in the nonrelativistic context CW are taken as generated with certainty. It is pointed out that (...)
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  11.  24
    Cramer’s Transactional Interpretation and Causal Loop Problems.Ruth E. Kastner - 2006 - Synthese 150 (1):1-14.
    Tim Maudlin's argument for the inconsistency of Cramer's Transactional Interpretation of quantum theory has been considered in some detail by Joseph Berkovitz, who has provided a possible solution to this challenge at the cost of a significant empirical lacuna on the part of TI. The present paper proposes an alternative solution in which Maudlin's charge of inconsistency is evaded but at no cost of empirical content on the part of TI. However, Maudlin's argument is taken as ruling out Cramer's heuristic (...)
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  12.  4
    Policy as Product: Morality and Metaphor in Health Policy Discourse.Ruth E. Malone - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (3):16-22.
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  13.  9
    On Delayed Choice and Contingent Absorber Experiments.Ruth E. Kastner - unknown
    It is pointed out that a slight variation on the Wheeler Delayed Choice Experiment presents the same challenge to orthodox quantum mechanics as Maudlin-type contingent absorber experiments present to the Transactional Interpretation. Therefore, the latter cannot be used as a basis for refutation of TI.
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  14.  11
    The Ethical Dimensions of the Biological and Health Sciences.Ruth Ellen Bulger, Elizabeth Heitman & Stanley Joel Reiser (eds.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the second edition of a highly successful and well-received textbook on the responsible conduct of biomedical and health science research. It is aimed at faculty and graduate students in health science and biomedical science programs. In addition those on National Institute of Health research grants, administrators at universities, academic health centers, and medical and graduate schools will find the book a useful resource. The structure of the book remains the same as the first edition. Each chapter offers an (...)
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  15.  9
    Society's Choices: Social and Ethical Decision Making in Biomedicine.Ruth Ellen Bulger, Elizabeth Meyer Bobby & Harvey V. Fineberg (eds.) - 1995 - National Academy Press.
    This book discusses ways for people to handle today's bioethical issues in the context of America's history and culture--and from the perspective of various ...
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  16. Essentialist Challenges to Liberal Feminism.Ruth E. Groenhout - 2002 - Social Theory and Practice 28 (1):51-75.
  17.  71
    De Broglie Waves as the “Bridge of Becoming” Between Quantum Theory and Relativity.Ruth E. Kastner - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (1):1-9.
    It is hypothesized that de Broglie’s ‘matter waves’ provide a dynamical basis for Minkowski spacetime in an antisubstantivalist or relational account. The relativity of simultaneity is seen as an effect of the de Broglie oscillation together with a basic relativity postulate, while the dispersion relation from finite rest mass gives rise to the differentiation of spatial and temporal axes. Thus spacetime is seen as not fundamental, but rather as emergent from the quantum level. A result by Solov’ev which demonstrates that (...)
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  18.  14
    The Transactional Interpretation, Counterfactuals, and Weak Values in Quantum Theory.Ruth E. Kastner - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (4):806-818.
  19.  15
    Philosophy, Feminism, and Faith.Ruth E. Groenhout & Marya Bower (eds.) - 2003 - Indiana University Press.
    "The stories are powerful, sometimes heart-rending, sometimes lyrical, but always deeply personal. And there is some very good philosophizing as part of the bargain." —Merold Westphal How can the seemingly separate lives of philosopher, feminist, and follower of a religious tradition come together in one person’s life? How does religious commitment affect philosophy or feminism? How does feminism play out in religious or philosophical commitment? Wrestling with answers to these questions, women who balance philosophy, feminism, and faith write about their (...)
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  20.  32
    Commentary on “the Social Responsibilities of Biological Scientists” (S. J. Reiser and R. E. Bulger).Jonathan Beckwith & Lisa N. Geller - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (2):145-148.
  21.  20
    Commentary on “the Social Responsibilities of Biological Scientists” (S. J. Reiser and R. E. Bulger).Aaron A. Salzberg - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (2):149-152.
  22.  16
    The Healthcare Ethics Committee in the Structural Transformation of Health Care: Administrative and Organizational Ethics in Changing Times. [REVIEW]Elizabeth Heitman & Ruth Ellen Bulger - 1998 - HEC Forum 10 (2):152-176.
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  23.  8
    Understanding Children's Play.Ruth E. Hartley, Lawrence K. Frank & Robert M. Goldenson - 1953 - British Journal of Educational Studies 2 (1):92-93.
    First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  24. Evaluation in Childbirth Narratives Told by Women and Men.Ruth E. Page - 2002 - Discourse Studies 4 (1):99-116.
    This article explores the characteristics of narratives told by women and men about the birth of children. The comparison focuses on the way speakers use evaluation devices to structure their experiences and to negotiate a relationship with their audience. Findings indicate that, while there are subtle contrasts between the narratives that suggest that male speakers emphasize informative meaning and women provoke an affectual response related to the disclosure of internalized expectations, there are significant macro-level similarities with both women and men (...)
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  25.  3
    Verbal Performance Effected by Social and Material Reinforcements.Ruth E. Simpkins - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):268.
  26.  22
    The Anthropology of Childhood: Cherubs, Chattel, Changelings. David F. Lancy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2008. Ix+466 Pp. [REVIEW]Ruth E. Toulson - 2011 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 39 (2):1-3.
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  27.  12
    The Anthropology of Childhood: Cherubs, Chattel, Changelings. David F. Lancy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2008. Ix+466 Pp. [REVIEW]Ruth E. Toulson - 2011 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 39 (2):1-3.
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  28.  16
    Philosophical Dialogue and Intuited Discursive Freedoms. [REVIEW]Ruth E. Andersen - 1995 - Philosophy East and West 45 (3):439.
    As a forum for philosophical discourse of religious studies as related to the world's women, the "Annual Review of Women in World Religions" fails. The first three issues display an unfortunately limited approach. Certain articles are promising, but editorial intellectual constraints appear to have circumscribed the philosophical latitude provided to contributors. In spite of the potential of the journal's topic area, it is doubtful it will soon succeed in emerging as a publication with adequate inclusionary liberality and ideal discursive freedom.
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  29. Bioethics: A Reformed Look at Life and Death Choices.Ruth E. Groenhout - 2009 - Faith Alive Christian Resources.
    Christians, health care, and basic moral reasoning -- When life ends -- Chronic illness, suffering, and Christian responses -- Organ donation and heroic medicine -- Scarce resources and Christian compassion -- Abortion -- Assisted reproduction and embryo selection -- Embryo research and cloning -- What happened to the neighbors? global health care -- The global challenge of HIV/AIDS -- Concluding thoughts.
     
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  30.  26
    Rabbi Sacks on the Moral Danger of Conflict.Ruth E. Gruber - 2002 - The Chesterton Review 28 (4):567-568.
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  31. Understanding Children's Play.Ruth E. & Frank Hartley - 1999 - Routledge.
    First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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  32.  10
    First Page Preview.Ruth E. Kastner & Appa-Certified Philosophical Counselor - 2005 - Philosophical Practice 1 (1).
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  33.  36
    Maudlin׳s Challenge Refuted: A Reply to Lewis.Ruth E. Kastner - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 47:15-20.
    Lewis has recently argued that Maudlin׳s contingent absorber experiment remains a significant problem for the Transactional Interpretation. He argues that the only straightforward way to resolve the challenge is by describing the absorbers as offer waves, and asserts that this is a previously unnoticed aspect of the challenge for TI. This argument is refuted in two basic ways: it is noted that the Maudlin experiment cannot be meaningfully recast with absorbers described by quantum states; instead the author replaces it with (...)
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  34. Quantum Nonlocality: Not Eliminated by the Heisenberg Picture. [REVIEW]Ruth E. Kastner - 2011 - Foundations of Physics 41 (7):1137-1142.
    It is argued that the Heisenberg picture of standard quantum mechanics does not save Einstein locality as claimed in Deutsch and Hayden (Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A 456, 1759–1774, 2000). In particular, the EPR-type correlations that the authors obtain by comparing two qubits in a local manner are shown to exist before that comparison. In view of this result, the local comparison argument would appear to be ineffective in supporting their locality claim.
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  35.  49
    Shutters, Boxes, but No Paradoxes: Time Symmetry Puzzles in Quantum Theory.Ruth E. Kastner - 2004 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 18 (1):89 – 94.
    The "N-box experiment" is a much-discussed thought experiment in quantum mechanics. It is claimed by some authors that a single particle prepared in a superposition of N+1 box locations and which is subject to a final "post-selection" measurement corresponding to a different superposition can be said to have occupied "with certainty" N boxes during the intervening time. However, others have argued that under closer inspection, this surprising claim fails to hold. Aharonov and Vaidman have continued their advocacy of the claim (...)
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  36.  11
    The Relativistic Transactional Interpretation: Immune to the Maudlin Challenge.Ruth E. Kastner - unknown
    The Transactional Interpretation has been subject at various times to a challenge based on a type of thought experiment first proposed by Maudlin. It has been argued by several authors that such experiments do not in fact constitute a significant problem for the transactional picture. The purpose of this work is to point out that, when the relativistic level of the interpretation is considered, Maudlin-type challenges cannot even be mounted, since the putative 'slow-moving offer wave,' taken as subject to contingent (...)
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  37. The Transactional Interpretation, Counterfactuals, and Weak Values in Quantum Theory.Ruth E. Kastner - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (4):806-818.
  38.  14
    The Transactional Interpretation and its Evolution Into the 21st Century: An Overview.Ruth E. Kastner - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (12):923-932.
    This essay provides a historical, philosophical, and critical overview of the development of the transactional interpretation of quantum mechanics. It is separated into two parts. Part I presents the history and development of TI from 1986 up to 2016. Part II lays out current areas of divergence among researchers in TI.
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  39.  30
    S. Isager, B. Poulsen : Patron and Pavements in Late Antiquity. Pp. 150, 10 Pls, Ills. Odense: Odense University Press, 1997. Cased, DKK 250. ISBN: 87-7838-297-1. [REVIEW]Ruth E. Leader - 2001 - The Classical Review 51 (2):447-448.
  40.  10
    Caring for “Difficult” Patients.Ruth E. Malone & Stephen Workman - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (4):4-4.
  41. The Ethical Dimensions of the Biological Sciences.Ruth Ellen Bulger, Elizabeth Heitman & Stanley Joel Reiser (eds.) - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the first systematically organized anthology on responsible conduct in scientific research aimed at students and practicing researchers in the biological sciences. It has been designed in response to the increasing concern to teach graduate students about ethical issues in the biological sciences. The book contains classic essays and other published material and is carefully structured to explore a range of subjects: the qualifications for authorship; plagiarism; the use of human beings and animals in research; the norms of ethical (...)
     
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  42.  12
    The Institute of Medicine.Ruth Ellen Bulger - 1992 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2 (1):73-77.
  43.  6
    The Responsible Conduct of Biological and Health Research.Ruth Ellen Bulger - 2002 - In Ruth Ellen Bulger, Elizabeth Heitman & Stanley Joel Reiser (eds.), The Ethical Dimensions of the Biological and Health Sciences. Cambridge University Press.
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  44.  14
    Communication of Sexual Preferences in Married Couples.Joellyn L. Ross, Ruth E. Clifford & Russell Eisenman - 1987 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (1):58-60.
  45. Book Review: Ruth E Page, Stories and Social Media: Identities and Interaction. [REVIEW]Neslie Carol Tan - 2014 - Discourse Studies 16 (4):579-581.
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  46.  19
    Keeping Public Institutions Invested in Tobacco.Nathaniel Wander & Ruth E. Malone - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 73 (2):161-176.
    Increasingly through the 1990s, tobacco control advocates questioned the practice of public institutions investing in tobacco company stocks. The questioning was framed in at least three ways. First, is it ethical to fund public expenditures with profits from a product that causes addiction and disease? Second, is it sound social policy to derive public income from a product that increases healthcare costs and reduces worker productivity? Finally, is it sound fiscal policy to invest in an historically profitable industry facing multiplying (...)
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  47.  35
    Do Researchers Learn to Overlook Misbehavior?Elizabeth Heitman, Lida Anestidou, Cara Olsen & Ruth Ellen Bulger - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (5):c2-c2.
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  48.  44
    An Ethics Framework for a Learning Health Care System: A Departure From Traditional Research Ethics and Clinical Ethics.Ruth R. Faden, Nancy E. Kass, Steven N. Goodman, Peter Pronovost, Sean Tunis & Tom L. Beauchamp - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (s1):16-27.
  49.  4
    The Meaning of the -Er Suffix.Joseph J. Dalezman & Ruth E. Knight - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (1):27-30.
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  50.  15
    Book Review: Ruth E. Groenhout. Connected Lives: Human Nature and an Ethics of Care. Lanham, Md.: Rowman and Littleld, 2004. [REVIEW]Diane Perpich - 2001 - Hypatia 21 (4):224-227.
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