Results for 'open borders'

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  1. The open borders debate, migration as settlement, and the right to travel.Ugur Altundal - forthcoming - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy.
    The philosophical debate on the freedom of movement focuses almost exclusively on long-term migration, what I call, migration as settlement. The normative justifications defending border controls assume that the movement of people across political borders, independent of its purpose and the length of stay, refers to migration as settlement. “Global mobility,” “international movement,” and “immigration” are oftenused interchangeably. However, global mobility also refers to the movements of people across international borders for a short length of time such as (...)
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  2. Open Borders and the Right to Immigration.Peter Higgins - 2008 - Human Rights Review 9 (4):525-535.
    This paper argues that the relevant unit of analysis for assessing the justice of an immigration policy is the socially-situated individual (as opposed to the individual simpliciter or the nation-state, for example). This methodological principle is demonstrated indirectly by showing how some liberal, cosmopolitan defenses of "open borders" and the alleged right of immigration fail by their own standards, owing to the implicit adoption of an inappropriate unit of analysis.
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  3. Open Borders Without Open Access (conference version July 2019).Dan Demetriou - manuscript
    What are libertarian open borders advocates even advocating for? Is it, as the title to Michael Huemer’s influential essay suggests, a prima facie “right to immigrate”? Or is it, as the branding connotes, literal open borders, or a strong prima facie moral right to free movement across borders that entails a right to immigrate? In this paper, I peel apart the view that people have a strong moral right to freely cross international borders, or (...)
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  4. Open-Border Immigration Policy: A Step towards Global Justice.Juan Carlos Velasco - 2016 - Migraciones Internacionales 8 (42):41-72.
    [EN] In this article we argue for a world in which open borders are the rule and not the exception. This argument is based on the general recognition of ius migrandi as a basic right of persons. An open-border immigration policy is preferable—at least from a normative standpoint—to the typical policies designed to control or block borders through the simplistic mode of constructing walls. On the basis of a global conception of distributive justice as suggested by (...)
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  5.  92
    Open Borders and Brain Drain: a Moral Dimension.Emmanuel Ifeanyi Ani - 2021 - Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy (Philippine e-journal) 22 (2):168-185.
    The moral debate about open borders needs to go beyond focusing on the interests of the migrant versus the interests of the hosting state and its original citizens to focusing more on the interests of the countries that migrants are leaving. I hint at the long-term insufficiency of so-called economic remittances to the development of migrant-sending states when compared to domiciled skilled labor. But most importantly, I identify the irrelevance of current empirical research on brain drain to an (...)
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  6.  61
    Migration, Open Borders, Human Rights, and Democracy.Gillian Brock - 2022 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 40 (1):1-14.
    Two important recent books on migration and justice argue for different approaches to how we should view borders. Alex Sager defends open borders, while Sarah Song argues for the rights of democratic communities to find their own balance between open and closed borders. While both authors present significant considerations in defence of their views, in this article I argue that a human-rights-oriented account of migration justice captures their strengths well while not sharing the weaknesses I (...)
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  7. Just open borders? Examining Joseph Carens' open borders argument in the light of a case study of recent somali migrants to the uk.T. Bloom - 2009 - Journal of Global Ethics 5 (3):231 – 243.
    This essay examines Joseph Carens' open borders argument in the light of a case study of recent Somali migrants to the UK. It argues that, although arguments for significantly more open borders are compelling, they must take into account existing domestic injustice in receiving states as well as existing global injustice.
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  8.  49
    Open Borders and Liberal Limits: A Response to Isbister.Joseph H. Carens - 2000 - International Migration Review 34 (2):636-643.
  9. Open Borders and the Ideality of Approaches: An Analysis of Joseph Carens’ Critique of the Conventional View regarding Immigration.Thomas Pölzler - 2019 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 15 (1):17-34.
    Do liberal states have a moral duty to admit immigrants? According to what has been called the “conventional view”, this question is to be answered in the negative. One of the most prominent critics of the conventional view is Joseph Carens. In the past 30 years Carens’ contributions to the open borders debate have gradually taken on a different complexion. This is explained by the varying “ideality” of his approaches. Sometimes Carens attempts to figure out what states would (...)
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  10.  38
    A Defense of Open Borders.Christopher Freiman - 2018 - In David Boonin, Katrina L. Sifferd, Tyler K. Fagan, Valerie Gray Hardcastle, Michael Huemer, Daniel Wodak, Derk Pereboom, Stephen J. Morse, Sarah Tyson, Mark Zelcer, Garrett VanPelt, Devin Casey, Philip E. Devine, David K. Chan, Maarten Boudry, Christopher Freiman, Hrishikesh Joshi, Shelley Wilcox, Jason Brennan, Eric Wiland, Ryan Muldoon, Mark Alfano, Philip Robichaud, Kevin Timpe, David Livingstone Smith, Francis J. Beckwith, Dan Hooley, Russell Blackford, John Corvino, Corey McCall, Dan Demetriou, Ajume Wingo, Michael Shermer, Ole Martin Moen, Aksel Braanen Sterri, Teresa Blankmeyer Burke, Jeppe von Platz, John Thrasher, Mary Hawkesworth, William MacAskill, Daniel Halliday, Janine O’Flynn, Yoaav Isaacs, Jason Iuliano, Claire Pickard, Arvin M. Gouw, Tina Rulli, Justin Caouette, Allen Habib, Brian D. Earp, Andrew Vierra, Subrena E. Smith, Danielle M. Wenner, Lisa Diependaele, Sigrid Sterckx, G. Owen Schaefer, Markus K. Labude, Harisan Unais Nasir, Udo Schuklenk, Benjamin Zolf & Woolwine (eds.), The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophy and Public Policy. Springer Verlag. pp. 161-171.
    This chapter defends open borders on the grounds that people have a right to immigrate and that increased immigration would enrich the world significantly, with large gains going to the global poor. I consider three major objections: immigration can create economic and social costs for citizens of destination countries, citizens ought to prioritize the interests of their compatriots over those of immigrants, and nations possess rights of self-determination that permit them to restrict immigration. I argue that these objections (...)
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  11. The Open Borders Debate on Immigration.Shelley Wilcox - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (5):813-821.
    Global migration raises important ethical issues. One of the most significant is the question of whether liberal democratic societies have strong moral obligations to admit immigrants. Historically, most philosophers have argued that liberal states are morally free to restrict immigration at their discretion, with few exceptions. Recently, however, liberal egalitarians have begun to challenge this conventional view in two lines of argument. The first contends that immigration restrictions are inconsistent with basic liberal egalitarian values, including freedom and moral equality. The (...)
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  12.  20
    Open borders via natural resource egalitarianism: a failed route.Elizabeth Hemsley - 2023 - Philosophical Studies 180 (7):1905-1925.
    Immigration restrictions close-off large portions of the earth to large proportions of the earth’s population. For those who regard the earth and its natural resources as belonging to mankind equally and in common, this is a morally impermissible state of affairs. This is because, if the earth and its resources belong to all equally, then the exclusion of anyone from any portion of the earth will be a violation of their natural ownership rights. A commitment to Natural Resource Egalitarianism (NRE) (...)
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  13.  38
    More open borders and deep structural transformation.Adam James Tebble - 2021 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 24 (4):510-531.
    Building upon recent work on epistemic varieties of liberalism, avant-garde political agency and the theory and practice of activism, I claim that a liberal defence of more open borders does not presuppose either indifference to the problem of the deep structural sources of poverty in poorer countries, or the absence of an account of those structures’ transformation. Rather, it is claimed that in addition to the remittance of money and other economic goods to alleviate the symptoms of poverty, (...)
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  14.  14
    More open borders and deep structural transformation.Adam James Tebble - 2021 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 24 (4):510-531.
    Building upon recent work on epistemic varieties of liberalism, avant-garde political agency and the theory and practice of activism, I claim that a liberal defence of more open borders does not presuppose either indifference to the problem of the deep structural sources of poverty in poorer countries, or the absence of an account of those structures’ transformation. Rather, it is claimed that in addition to the remittance of money and other economic goods to alleviate the symptoms of poverty, (...)
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  15.  13
    Open borders: encounters between Italian philosophy and continental thought.Silvia Benso & Antonio Calcagno (eds.) - 2021 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    Puts leading Italian thinkers into conversation with established Continental philosophers concerning the future of the nature of the human, technology, metaphysical foundations, globalization, and social and political oppression.
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  16. Open Borders.Javier Hidalgo - 2018 - In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Living ethics: an introduction with readings. New York: Oxford University Press.
  17. Infeasibility as a normative argument‐stopper: The case of open borders.Nicholas Southwood & Robert E. Goodin - 2021 - European Journal of Philosophy 29 (4):965-987.
    The open borders view is frequently dismissed for making infeasible demands. This is a potent strategy. Unlike normative arguments regarding open borders, which tend to be relatively intractable, the charge of infeasibility is supposed to operate as what we call a "normative argument-stopper." Nonetheless, we argue that the strategy fails. Bringing about open borders is perfectly feasible on the most plausible account of feasibility. We consider and reject what we take to be the only (...)
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  18.  16
    Open Borders and the Right to Immigration: Response to Richard Nunan’s Comments.Peter Higgins - 2008 - Human Rights Review 9 (4):543-544.
  19. Immigration and Libertarianism: Open Borders versus Directionalism.J. C. Lester - 2021 - MEST Journal 9 (2).
    To explain the correct libertarian approach to immigration, a thought-experiment posits a minimal-state libertarian UK and then the introduction of several relevant anti-libertarian policies with their increasingly disastrous effects. It is argued that the reverse of these imagined policies, as far as is politically possible, must be the correct way forward. This framing is intended to counter the tendency for many articles to misapply libertarian principles to the current messy situation on the mistaken assumption that a state need only stop (...)
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  20. The open border : Two cases of concept transfer from organisms to artifacts.Wybo Houkes - 2009 - In Ulrich Krohs & Peter Kroes (eds.), Functions in Biological and Artificial Worlds: Comparative Philosophical Perspectives. MIT Press.
     
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  21. Should we open borders? Yes, but not in the name of global justice.Borja Niño Arnaiz - 2022 - Ethics and Global Politics 15 (2):55-68.
    Some proponents of global justice question that opening borders is an effective strategy to alleviate global poverty and reduce inequalities between countries. This article goes a step further and asks whether an open borders policy is compatible with the objectives of global distributive justice. The latter, it will be argued, entails the ordering of needs, the assignment of priorities and the preference or subordination of some interests over others. In other words, global justice requires the establishment of (...)
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  22. From birthright citizenship to open borders? Some doubts.Speranta Dumitru - 2014 - Ethical Perspectives 21 (4):608-614.
    This paper argues that by overestimating the importance of citizenship rights, the ethics of immigration turns away from the more serious problem of closed borders. Precisely, this contribution is a threefold critique of Carens’ idea that "justice requires that democratic states grant citizenship at birth to the descendants of settled immigrants" (Carens, 2013: 20). Firstly, I argue that by making 'justice' dependent on states and their attributes (birthright citizenship), this idea strengthens methodological nationalism which views humanity as naturally divided (...)
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  23. The Special-Obligations Challenge to More Open Borders.Arash Abizadeh - 2016 - In Sarah Fine & Lea Ypi (eds.), Migration in Political Theory: The Ethics of Movement and Membership. Oxford University Press.
    According to the special-obligations challenge to the justice argument for more open borders, immigration restrictions to wealthier polities are justified because of special obligations owed to disadvantaged compatriots. I interrogate this challenge by considering three types of ground for special obligations amongst compatriots. First, the social relations that come with shared residence, such as participation in a territorially bounded, mutually beneficial scheme of cooperation; having fundamental interests especially vulnerable to the state’s exercise of power; being subject to coercion (...)
     
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  24.  17
    The principle of coherence between internal and external migration: an apagogical argument for open borders?Borja Niño Arnaiz - 2024 - Ethics and Global Politics 17 (1):1-19.
    There is a broad consensus on the legitimacy of states to control immigration. However, this belief has recently been questioned, among other reasons, due to the contradiction with current practices in emigration and internal mobility. The principle of symmetry states that any restriction on immigration should also apply to emigration; or that, to the contrary, if there is a right to emigrate, there should be a corresponding right to immigrate. The principle of coherence posits that every reason one might have (...)
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  25.  45
    Territorial rights and open borders.Clara Sandelind - 2015 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 18 (5):487-507.
  26.  92
    Territorial rights and open borders.Clara Sandelind - 2015 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 18 (5):487-507.
  27.  14
    Obligaciones de justicia: ¿open borders o justicia Distributiva?Daniel Loewe - 2012 - Arbor 188 (755):475-488.
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  28.  50
    Immigration and the Constraints of Justice: Between Open Borders and Absolute Sovereignty.Ryan Pevnick - 2011 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    This book explores the constraints which justice imposes on immigration policy. Like liberal nationalists, Ryan Pevnick argues that citizens have special claims to the institutions of their states. However, the source of these special claims is located in the citizenry's ownership of state institutions rather than in a shared national identity. Citizens contribute to the construction and maintenance of institutions, and as a result they have special claims to these institutions and a limited right to exclude outsiders. Pevnick shows that (...)
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  29. Arguing for Open Borders: The Ethics of Immigration. [REVIEW]Andy Lamey - 2014 - Literary Review of Canada 22 (April):12-13.
    The Ethics of Immigration, by Joseph Carens, Oxford University Press, 2013. -/- Joseph Carens is arguably the most prominent political theorist to defend open borders, a view which he did much to make intellectually respectable in a famous 1987 article, “Aliens and Citizens: The Case for Open Borders.” In The Ethics of Immigration Carens again defends the open borders view, but with a new rationale. Whereas before he argued that seemingly opposed philosophies provided converging (...)
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  30.  21
    Between New Walls and Open Borders. Review of: David Miller, Strangers in our Midst, Cambridge-London, Harvard University Press, 2016, pp. 218.Elisa Piras - 2017 - Governare la Paura. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 10 (1).
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  31. Brock on Open Borders.Javier Hidalgo - forthcoming - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche.
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  32. Wage competition and the special-obligations challenge to more open borders.Arash Abizadeh, Manish Pandey & Sohrab Abizadeh - 2015 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 14 (3):255-269.
    According to the special-obligations challenge to the justice argument for more open borders, immigration restrictions to wealthier polities are justified because of special obligations owed to disadvantaged compatriots negatively impacted by the immigration of low-skilled foreign workers. We refute the special-obligations challenge by refuting its empirical premise and draw out the normative implications of the empirical evidence for border policies. We show that immigration to wealthier polities has negligible impact on domestic wages and that only previous cohorts of (...)
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  33. A Libertarian Argument Against Open Borders.John Hospers - 1998 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 13 (2):153-166.
     
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  34.  12
    Brock on Open Borders.Gianfranco Pellegrino - forthcoming - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche.
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  35.  42
    Liberalism and Open Borders.José Jorge Mendoza - 2022 - Radical Philosophy Review 25 (1):127-132.
  36. Immigration Enforcement and Domination: An Indirect Argument for Much More Open Borders.Alex Sager - 2016 - Political Research Quarterly 1 (1):1-13.
    Normative reflection on the ethics of migration has tended to remain at the level of abstract principle with limited attention to the practice of immigration administration and enforcement. This paper explores the implications of this practice for an ethics of immigration with particular attention to the problem of bureaucratic domination. I contend that migration administration and enforcement cannot overcome bureaucratic domination because of the inherent vulnerability of migrant populations and the transnational enforcement of border controls by multiple public and private (...)
     
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  37.  40
    Do Duties to Outsiders Entail Open Borders? A Reply to Wellman.Shelley Wilcox - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 169 (1):123-132.
    Wellman argues that legitimate states have a presumptive right to close their borders, excluding all prospective immigrants. He maintains that this right is not outweighed by egalitarian considerations because societies can fulfill their duties to outsiders by transferring aid instead of opening borders. I argue that societies cannot discharge their egalitarian duties by providing aid in at least two cases: when opening borders is the only way to fulfill these duties, and when transferring aid is inconsistent with (...)
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  38. Do Duties to Outsiders Entail Open Borders? A Reply to Wellman.Shelley Wilcox - 2012 - Philosophical Studies (1):1-10.
    Wellman argues that legitimate states have a presumptive right to close their borders, excluding all prospective immigrants. He maintains that this right is not outweighed by egalitarian considerations because societies can fulfill their duties to outsiders by transferring aid instead of opening borders. I argue that societies cannot discharge their egalitarian duties by providing aid in at least two cases: when opening borders is the only way to fulfill these duties, and when transferring aid is inconsistent with (...)
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  39.  13
    Challenging borders: The case for open borders with Joseph Carens and Jean-Luc Nancy.James A. Chamberlain - 2021 - Journal of International Political Theory 17 (3):240-256.
    Joseph Carens develops one of the most prominent cases for open borders in the academic literature on the basis of freedom and equality. Yet the implementation of his social membership theory would mean that immigrants who have not yet lived in a country long enough to become members would be excluded from political and social rights, thus raising the possibility of their domination and subordination by citizens. Given that these problems arise because Carens aims to balance the freedom (...)
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  40. Only libertarianism can provide a robust justification for open borders.Christopher Freiman & Javier Hidalgo - 2022 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 21 (3):269-290.
    This paper argues that libertarianism—and only libertarianism—can vindicate immigration's status as a human right whose protection is morally required in nearly all circumstances. Competing political theories such as liberal egalitarianism fail to rule out significant immigration restrictions in a range of realistic conditions. We begin by outlining the core tenets of libertarianism and their implications for immigration policy. Next, we explain why arguments that appeal to alternative principles are unable to provide robust justification for open borders. We conclude (...)
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  41. Why Migration Justice Still Requires Open Borders.Alex Sager - 2022 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 40 (1):15-25.
    I revisit themes from Against Borders: Why the World Needs Free Movement of People (2020) in dialogue with Gillian Brock's Justice of People on the Move (2020) and Sarah Song's Immigration and Democracy (2019). We share the conviction that current border regimes are deeply unjust but differ in what migration justice requires. Brock and Song continue to give states significant discretion to exclude people from entering and settling in their territories, whereas I contend that migration justice demands open (...)
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  42.  36
    Challenging borders: The case for open borders with Joseph Carens and Jean-Luc Nancy.James A. Chamberlain - forthcoming - Sage Publications: Journal of International Political Theory.
    Journal of International Political Theory, Ahead of Print. Joseph Carens develops one of the most prominent cases for open borders in the academic literature on the basis of freedom and equality. Yet the implementation of his social membership theory would mean that immigrants who have not yet lived in a country long enough to become members would be excluded from political and social rights, thus raising the possibility of their domination and subordination by citizens. Given that these problems (...)
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  43.  15
    Challenging borders: The case for open borders with Joseph Carens and Jean-Luc Nancy.James A. Chamberlain - 2019 - Journal of International Political Theory:175508821985991.
    Joseph Carens develops one of the most prominent cases for open borders in the academic literature on the basis of freedom and equality. Yet the implementation of his social membership theory would mean that immigrants who have not yet lived in a country long enough to become members would be excluded from political and social rights, thus raising the possibility of their domination and subordination by citizens. Given that these problems arise because Carens aims to balance the freedom (...)
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  44. Being at Home in the World: International Relocation (Not Open Borders).Sahar Akhtar - 2016 - Public Affairs Quarterly 30 (2).
  45.  26
    Only libertarianism can provide a robust justification for open borders.Christopher Freiman & Javier Hidalgo - 2022 - Sage Publications: Politics, Philosophy and Economics 21 (3):269-290.
    Politics, Philosophy & Economics, Volume 21, Issue 3, Page 269-290, August 2022. This paper argues that libertarianism—and only libertarianism—can vindicate immigration's status as a human right whose protection is morally required in nearly all circumstances. Competing political theories such as liberal egalitarianism fail to rule out significant immigration restrictions in a range of realistic conditions. We begin by outlining the core tenets of libertarianism and their implications for immigration policy. Next, we explain why arguments that appeal to alternative principles are (...)
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  46. The Right to Move versus the Right to Exclude: A Principled Defense of Open Borders.Michael Huemer - manuscript
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  47.  55
    Expatriatism: The Theory and Practice of Open Borders.Chandran Kukathas - 2010 - In Roger Smith (ed.), Citizenship, Borders and Human Needs. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 324-342.
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  48. Immigration Policy: Open Minds on Open Borders.Stephen Moore - 1991 - Business and Society Review 77:36-40.
     
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  49.  60
    Pevnick, Ryan. Immigration and the Constraints of Justice: Between Open Borders and Absolute Sovereignty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Pp. 210. $82.00. [REVIEW]Shelley Wilcox - 2012 - Ethics 122 (3):617-622.
  50.  7
    Pevnick, Ryan. Immigration and the Constraints of Justice: Between Open Borders and Absolute Sovereignty. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Pp. 210. $82.00 (cloth). [REVIEW]Shelley Wilcox - 2012 - Ethics 122 (3):617-22.
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