Results for 'universalizability'

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  1.  41
    Universalizability and Reciprocity in International Business Ethics.John Hendry - 1999 - Business Ethics Quarterly 9 (3):405-420.
    Most writers on international business ethics adopt a universalist perspective, but the traditional expression of problems in terms of a discrepancy between (superior) home country and (inferior) host country values makes it difficult to preserve the symmetry required by a universalizability criterion. In this paper a critique of Donaldson’s (1989) theory is used to illustrate some of the ways in which ethnocentric assumptions can enter into a supposedly universalist argument. A number of suggestions are then made for improving Donaldson’s (...)
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  2. The Universalizability of Moral Judgements.Peter Winch - 1965 - The Monist 49 (2):196-214.
    Sidgwick's theses that "if I judge any action to be right for myself, I implicitly judge it to be right for any other person whose nature and circumstances do not differ from my own in certain important respects" fails to differentiate moral judgments of importantly different kinds and, In particular, Overlooks peculiarities of a kind of judgment, Made by a prospective agent, About what "he" ought to do. The court-Martial in melville's "billy budd" is closely examined as an example. Although (...)
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  3.  49
    Universalizability Without Utilitarianism.Philip Pettit - 1987 - Mind 96 (381):74-82.
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  4.  37
    Universalizability for Collective Rational Agents: A Critique of Agent-Relativism.Michael Ridge - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (1):34-66.
    This paper contends that a Kantian universalizability constraint on theories of practical reason in conjunction with the possibility of collective rational agents entails the surprisingly strong conclusion that no fully agent-relative theory of practical reason can be sound. The basic point is that a Kantian universalizability constraint, the thesis that all reasons for action are agent-relative and the possibility of collective rational agents gives rise to a contradiction. This contradiction can be avoided by either rejecting Kantian universalizability, (...)
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  5. Empathy and Universalizability.John Deigh - 1995 - Ethics 105 (4):743-763.
    The paper examines the question of whether a person could know the difference between right and wrong and have the capacity to control his or her conduct yet not be moved by his or her knowledge of right or wrong. It proceeds by considering psychopathy and inquiring into the nature of the psychopath's cognitive deficits, if any. One possibility is that psychopaths are inconsistent in the sense of Kant's test of universalizability. This possibility is rejected after considerable argument. A (...)
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  6.  12
    Universalizability: A Study in Morals and Metaphysics.David Butcher - 1979 - Philosophical Review 91 (2):284-288.
  7. Non-Consequentialism and Universalizability.Philip Pettit - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 50 (199):175-190.
    If non-consequentialists are to embrace the requirement of universalizability, then they will have to adopt a surprisingly relativistic stance. Not only will they say, in familiar vein, that the premises adduced in moral argument may be only agent-relative in force, that is, may involve the use of an indexical – as in the consideration that this or that option would advance my commitments, discharge my duty, or benefit my children – and may provide reasons only for the indexically relevant (...)
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  8.  28
    Universalizability and the Summing of Desires.Ingmar Persson - 1989 - Theoria 55 (3):159-170.
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  9.  53
    The Trivializability of Universalizability.Don Locke - 1968 - Philosophical Review 77 (1):25-44.
    R m hare's discussion, In "freedom and reason," fails to distinguish several senses of universalizability. The universalizability in question is not, As hare thinks, That which applies to any judgement with 'descriptive meaning,' and although moral judgements may presuppose principles, These principles need not be universal, Nor 'u-Type,' nor such that they apply to everyone, Nor such that they could be applied to anyone, Nor such that they do except individuals qua individuals--All of which are different. The most (...)
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  10.  33
    Universalizability and the Summing of Desires: Reply to Ingmar Persson.R. M. Hare - 1989 - Theoria 55 (3):171-177.
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  11.  26
    Epistemic Universalizability Principles.Anthony Brueckner - 1984 - Philosophical Studies 46 (3):297-305.
  12.  24
    Universalizability by Me.Gershon Weiler - 1960 - Philosophical Quarterly 10 (39):167-170.
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  13.  83
    Skepticism and Universalizability.Jonathan E. Adler - 1981 - Journal of Philosophy 78 (3):143-156.
  14.  59
    Collective Responsibility, Universalizability, and Social Practices.Brook J. Sadler - 2007 - Journal of Social Philosophy 38 (3):486–503.
  15.  18
    On the Universalizability of Human Rights.Natalie Oman - 1996 - The European Legacy 1 (2):526-531.
    (1996). On the universalizability of human rights. The European Legacy: Vol. 1, Fourth International Conference of the International Society for the study of European Ideas, pp. 526-531.
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  16.  31
    Moral Conflicts and Universalizability.Konstantin Kolenda - 1975 - Philosophy 50 (194):460 - 465.
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  17.  82
    Distance, Divided Responsibility and Universalizability.Karen Green - 2003 - The Monist 86 (3):501-515.
    Peter Singer is responsible for having developed a powerful argument that apparently shows that most of us are far more immoral than we take ourselves to be. Many people follow a minimalist morality. They avoid killing, stealing, lying and cruelty, but feel no obligation to devote themselves to the well-being of everybody else. If we are unstintingly generous, constantly kind or untiring advocates for the prevention of cruelty, we take it that we are doing more morally than is strictly required. (...)
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  18.  41
    Particularism and Universalizability.Jörg Schroth - 2003 - Journal of Value Inquiry 37 (4):455-461.
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  19.  12
    Universalizability: A Study in Morals and Metaphysics. [REVIEW]B. D. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (3):625-627.
    This study provides a formal framework for considering the so-called "Universalizability Principle" in morality and its relation to such metaphysical theses as "Leibnizianism". That these claims are thought to be ethical and metaphysical in import provides the point of the subtitle. In spite of this, however, Rabinowicz's study is less an examination of the arguments which may be given for or against these claims or the uses which may be made of them in morals or metaphysics, than an attempt (...)
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  20. The Universalizability of Moral Judgments Revisited.Michael E. Levin - 1979 - Mind 88 (349):115-119.
    The question is not whether the word "ought" means what hare says; the question is whether the concept of objectivity can be applied to practical judgments. Universalizability is the key, According to the kantian, And that's why the universalizability of moral judgments is conceptually important. As a preliminary to arguing this, I show that some common counterexamples to hare's thesis misfire--And I end by suggesting that it is no a priori truth that every speaker and every culture have (...)
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  21.  38
    Hare, Universalizability, and the Problem of Relevant Descriptions.Kenneth Alan Milkman - 1982 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (1):19 - 32.
    Many significant moral theories, ones to which a large number of philosophers pledge themselves, employ in a fundamental way the criterion of universalizability. This is true not only of Kant and his more illustrious successors, but also utilitarians of many sorts. But concomitant with adherence to universalizability as a moral criterion is adherence to the belief that certain features of putatively moral acts and immoral acts are relevant and others irrelevant to the determination to the rightness or wrongness (...)
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  22.  24
    Universalizability and the Metaphysics of Moral Particularism, Specified.Edward Moad - 2018 - Philosophical Forum 49 (3):309-324.
  23.  79
    Universalizability in Moral Judgments: Winch’s Ambiguity.Chris Bessemans - 2012 - International Philosophical Quarterly 52 (4):397-404.
    Peter Winch once objected to Sidgwick’s universalizability thesis in that an agent’s nature would be of no interest to his judgment or the judgment about the agent’s action. While agreeing upon the relevance of the agent-as-person in moral judgments, I disagree with Winch’s conclusions. The ambiguity in Winch’s text reveals that Winch’s moral judgment is inconsistent, and this indicates that there is something wrong in Winch’s account. My claim, for which I am indebted to Aurel Kolnai, is that inserting (...)
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  24.  11
    The Categorical Imperative and Universalizability.Dieter Schönecker & Christoph Horn - 2006 - In Dieter Schönecker & Christoph Horn (eds.), Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals. Walter de Gruyter.
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  25.  24
    Descriptivism, Supervenience, and Universalizability.Robert L. Holmes - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (5):113-119.
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  26. Universalizability as a Formal and a Material Principle.K. Dowling - 1987 - South African Journal of Philosophy 6 (4):133-139.
     
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  27.  10
    Universalizability.B. D. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (3):625-627.
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  28. The Universalizability of Moral Judgments Revisited.M. E. Levin - 1979 - Mind 88:115.
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  29.  15
    Universalizability and Judgments of Taste.John Fisher - 1974 - American Philosophical Quarterly 11 (3):219 - 225.
  30. Universalizability and the Generalization Argument in Ethics.Joseph Gilbert - 1968 - Dissertation, New York University
     
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  31.  2
    Universalizability.Christopher W. Gowans - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  32.  38
    Epistemic Universalizability.Bob Hale - 1988 - Analysis 48 (2):78 - 84.
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  33. Universalizability and Reciprocity in International Business Ethics.John Hendry - 1997 - Judge Institute of Management Studies.
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  34.  20
    Universalizability.Steven T. Kuhn - 1983 - International Studies in Philosophy 15 (3):107-109.
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  35.  9
    Universalizability: A Study in Morals and Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Steven T. Kuhn - 1983 - International Studies in Philosophy 15 (3):107-109.
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  36.  24
    Universalizability and Prescriptivity in Practical Reasoning.Robert Justin Lipkin - 1977 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 15 (1):67-79.
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  37.  26
    Universalizability and the Advantages of Nondescriptivism.Andrew Oldenquist - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (3):57-79.
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  38. Universalizability: A Study in Morals and Metaphysics.Wlodzimierz Rabinowicz - 1979 - Reidel.
     
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  39.  22
    Universalizability: A Study in Morals and Metaphysics. By Wlodzimierz Rabinowicz.Dennis Rohatyn - 1982 - Modern Schoolman 59 (3):230-231.
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  40.  5
    8. Universalizability and Self-Deception.Laurent Stern - 2018 - In Interpretive Reasoning. Cornell University Press. pp. 147-166.
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  41.  2
    Universalizability in Ethics.C. Tollefsen - 2005 - American Journal of Jurisprudence 50 (1):225-232.
  42.  41
    Moderate Universalizability.Mark Vorobej - 2005 - Philosophia 32 (1-4):295-311.
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  43.  3
    The Discussion on the Principle of Universalizability in Moral Philosophy of the 1950s and 1960s: An Analysis.A. V. Skomorokhov - 2018 - Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences 10:47-64.
    The article offers a review and analysis of the discussion on the principle of universalizability at its initial stage. The author determines the theoretical roots and key points of the discussion and reveals the directions of controversy and the position of researchers. In particular, the problem field depends on the divergence of the ethical and logical aspects of the principle of universalizability. As a result, two areas of discussion are formed: 1) the search for an ethical interpretation of (...)
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  44.  1
    The Discussion on the Principle of Universalizability in Moral Philosophy in the 1970s and 1980s: An Analysis.E. V. Loginov - 2018 - Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences 10:65-80.
    In this paper, I analyzed the discussion on the principle of universalizability which took place in moral philosophy in 1970–1980s. In short, I see two main problems that attracted more attention than others. The first problem is an opposition of universalizability and generalization. M.G. Singer argued for generalization argument, and R.M. Hare defended universalizability thesis. Hare tried to refute Singer’s position, using methods of ordinary language philosophy, and claimed that in ethics generalization is useless and misleading. I (...)
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  45.  6
    Hare's Application of Universalizability.Harold J. White - 1969 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 47 (2):174.
    Hare's important book Freedom and Reason has arguments applying the thesis of universalizability (a kind of neutrality principle) to a variety of cases. The procedure involves considering persons in different roles. I argue from a consideration of Hare's multilateral case (judge and thief) that the thesis by itself cannot enable one to reach the conclusion Hare intends. I argue that Hare's arguments require additional principles or premises to reach their desired conclusion. All of this bears on the possibility of (...)
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  46. Pettit on Consequentialism and Universalizability.Andrew Gleeson - 2005 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (3):261-275.
    Philip Pettit has argued that universalizability entails consequentialism. I criticise the argument for relying on a question-begging reading of the impartiality of universalization. A revised form of the argument can be constructed by relying on preference-satisfaction rationality, rather than on impartiality. But this revised argument succumbs to an ambiguity in the notion of a preference (or desire). I compare the revised argument to an earlier argument of Pettit’s for consequentialism that appealed to the theoretical virtue of simplicity, and I (...)
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  47. Positive Duties, Kant’s Universalizability Tests, and Contradictions.Samuel Kahn - 2020 - Southwest Philosophy Review 36 (1):113-120.
    In this paper I am going to raise a problem for recent attempts to derive positive duties from Kant’s universalizability tests. In particular, I argue that these recent attempts are subject to reductio and that the most obvious way of patching them renders them impracticable. I begin by explaining the motivation for these attempts. Then I describe how they work and begin my attack. I conclude by considering some patches.
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  48.  36
    Skepticism and Varieties of Epistemic Universalizability.Hamid Vahid - 2001 - Journal of Philosophical Research 26:325-341.
    While there is general agreement that knowing a proposition p involves knowing that nothing incompatible with p is true, there is much controversy over the range of possibilities that have to be ruled out if knowledge claims are to be sustained. With the failure of attempts on behalf of commonsense to delimit the range of counterpossibilities in order to leave room for knowledge, some theorists, most notably Adler, have sought to introduce a set of so-called ‘universalizability principles’ that require (...)
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  49.  51
    Moving Beyond Universalizability.Susan T. Gardner - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 10:117-125.
    The use of Kant’s universalizability principle as a method of determining the warrantability of an ethical claim has two fundamental flaws. On the one hand, it renders the universalizing moralizer mute in the face of fanaticism, and, on the other, it too easily dissolves into irrational rule worship. In the face of such flaws,many have argued that this “rational” approach to ethics ought to be abandoned in favor of fanning the flames of sentiment. Such a proposal suggests that we (...)
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  50.  22
    The Non-Trivializability of Universalizability.Alan Gewirth - 1969 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 47 (2):123 – 131.
    The 'individualizability objection' to the universalizability thesis asserts that the thesis is trivial because both the reason for a singular moral judgment and the corresponding universal principle may be so individualized that they apply to only one person. Purported reasons which are thus individualized, However, Fail to fulfill two general requirements of a reason: specificity and relevance. If the reasons do fulfill these requirements and also seem to support the individualizability objection, Than either they are logically comparative, In which (...)
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