Search results for 'Nicolas Schmidt' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Muriel Vandenberghe, Nicolas Schmidt, Patrick Fery & Axel Cleeremans (2006). Can Amnesic Patients Learn Without Awareness? New Evidence Comparing Deterministic and Probabilistic Sequence Learning. Neuropsychologia 44 (10):1629-1641.score: 240.0
    Can associative learning take place without awareness? We explore this issue in a sequence learning paradigm with amnesic and control participants, who were simply asked to react to one of four possible stimuli on each trial. Unknown to them, successive stimuli occurred in a sequence. We manipulated the extent to which stimuli followed the sequence in a deterministic manner (noiseless condition) or only probabilistically so (noisy condition). Through this paradigm, we aimed at addressing two central issues: first, we asked whether (...)
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  2. David A. Nicolas, David A. NICOLAS [Back to Homepage].score: 120.0
    In ‘Essential stuff’ (2008) and ‘Stuff’ (2009), Kristie Miller argues that two generally accepted theses, often formulated as follows, are incompatible: - (Temporal) mereological essentialism for stuff (or matter), the thesis that any portion of stuff has the same parts at every time it exists.
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  3. Helmut Schmidt (1987). Alcock's Critique of Schmidt's Experiments. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):609.score: 120.0
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  4. Adam Jankowski, Robert Lettner, Burghart Schmidt, Dieter Ronte, Anne Marie Freybourg & Philipp Stadler (eds.) (2010). Adam Jankowski, Robert Lettner, Burghart Schmidt: Philosophie der Landschaft: Zwischen Denken Und Bild. Jovis.score: 120.0
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  5. Alfred Schmidt, Wolfgang Jordan & Michael Jeske (eds.) (2006). Für Einen Realen Humanismus: Festschrift Zum 75. Geburtstag von Alfred Schmidt. Lang.score: 120.0
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  6. David Nicolas (2008). Superplurals in English. Analysis 68 (3):186 - 197.score: 60.0
    It is now widely believed among philosophers and logicians that ordinary English contains plural terms that may refer to several things at once. But are there terms that stand to ordinary plural terms the way ordinary plural terms stand to singular terms? Let’s call such terms superplural. A superplural term would thus, loosely speaking, refer to several “pluralities” at once. It is reasonably straightforward to devise a formal logic of superplural terms, superplural predicates, and even superplural quantifiers (Rayo 2006). But (...)
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  7. Ella Schmidt (2011). Equality in Difference: Hierarchical Multiculturalism and Membership Illusions. [REVIEW] Human Studies 34 (4):489-494.score: 60.0
    Equality in Difference: Hierarchical Multiculturalism and Membership Illusions Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 489-494 DOI 10.1007/s10746-011-9193-x Authors Ella Schmidt, Department of Anthropology, Criminology, and Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, University of South Florida-St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg, FL, USA Journal Human Studies Online ISSN 1572-851X Print ISSN 0163-8548 Journal Volume Volume 34 Journal Issue Volume 34, Number 4.
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  8. Dennis J. Schmidt (2012). Between Word and Image: Heidegger, Klee, and Gadamer on Gesture and Genesis. Indiana University Press.score: 60.0
    Focusing on Heidegger and the work of Paul Klee, Schmidt pursues larger issues in the relationship between word, image, and truth.
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  9. Richard A. Schmidt & Douglas Young (2010). Cars Gone Wild: The Major Contributor to Unintended Acceleration in Automobiles is Pedal Error. Frontiers in Psychology 1.score: 60.0
    “Unintended-acceleration” automobile accidents typically begin when the driver first enters the car, starts the engine, and intends to press his/her right foot on the brake while shifting from Park to a drive gear (Drive or Reverse). The driver reports an unintended (uncommanded) full-throttle acceleration, coupled with a loss of braking, until the episode ends in a crash. Pedal misapplications--where the right foot contacts the accelerator instead of the brake that was intended--have been linked to these accidents (Schmidt, 1989, 1993) (...)
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  10. Dennis J. Schmidt (2001). On Germans and Other Greeks: Tragedy and Ethical Life. Indiana University Press.score: 60.0
    In this illuminating work, Dennis J. Schmidt examines tragedy as one of the highest forms of human expression for both the ancients and the moderns.
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  11. Barry Z. Posner & Warren H. Schmidt (1993). Values Congruence and Differences Between the Interplay of Personal and Organizational Value Systems. Journal of Business Ethics 12 (5):341 - 347.score: 30.0
    Following the research of Liedtka (1989), this paper examines the impact of her values congruence model on managers'' work attitudes and perceptions of ethical practices within their firms. A nationwide cross-section of managers (N=1,059) provides the sample for the study. Consonance or clarity about both personal value systems and organizational value systems were found to be more important and, in the absence of one or the other, clarity of personal values were shown to have a more positive impact than organizational (...)
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  12. Paul F. Schmidt (1955). Some Criticisms of Cultural Relativism. Journal of Philosophy 52 (25):780-791.score: 30.0
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  13. David Nicolas, The Semantics of Nouns Derived From Gradable Adjectives.score: 30.0
    What semantics should we attribute to nouns like wisdom and generosity, which are derived from gradable adjectives? We show that, from a morphosyntactic standpoint, these nouns are mass nouns. This leads us to consider and answer the following questions. How are these nouns interpreted in their various uses? What formal representations may one associate with their interpretations? How do these depend on the semantics of the adjective? And where lies the semantic unity of nouns like wisdom and generosity with the (...)
     
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  14. David Nicolas (2009). Mereological Essentialism, Composition, and Stuff: A Reply to Kristie Miller. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 71 (3):425 - 429.score: 30.0
    In ‘Essential stuff' (2008) and ‘Stuff' (2009), Kristie Miller argues that two generally accepted theses, often formulated as follows, are incompatible: - (Temporal) mereological essentialism for stuff (or matter), the thesis that any portion of stuff has the same parts at every time it exists. - Stuff composition, the thesis that for any two portions of stuff, there exists a portion of stuff that is their mereological sum (or fusion). She does this by considering competing hypotheses about stuff, trying to (...)
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  15. Øystein Linnebo & David Nicolas (2008). Superplurals in English. Analysis 68 (299):186–197.score: 30.0
    where ‘aa’ is a plural term, and ‘F’ a plural predicate. Following George Boolos (1984) and others, many philosophers and logicians also think that plural expressions should be analysed as not introducing any new ontological commitments to some sort of ‘plural entities’, but rather as involving a new form of reference to objects to which we are already committed (for an overview and further details, see Linnebo 2004). For instance, the plural term ‘aa’ refers to Alice, Bob and Charlie simultaneously, (...)
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  16. C. T. A. Schmidt & F. Kraemer (2006). Robots, Dennett and the Autonomous: A Terminological Investigation. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 16 (1):73-80.score: 30.0
    In the present enterprise we take a look at the meaning of Autonomy, how the word has been employed and some of the consequences of its use in the sciences of the artificial. Could and should robots really be autonomous entities? Over and beyond this, we use concepts from the philosophy of mind to spur on enquiry into the very essence of human autonomy. We believe our initiative, as does Dennett's life-long research, sheds light upon the problems of robot design (...)
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  17. Thomas Schmidt (1999). Religious Pluralism and Democratic Society: Political Liberalism and the Reasonableness of Religious Beliefs. Philosophy and Social Criticism 25 (4):43-56.score: 30.0
    Critics of John Rawls' conception of a reasonable pluralism have raised the question of whether it is justified to demand that religious individuals should 'bracket' their essential, identity-constituting convictions when they enter a political discourse. I will argue that the criterion for religious beliefs of being justified as grounds for political decisions should be their ability of being 'translatable' in secular reasons for the very same decisions. This translation would demand 'epistemic abstinence' from religious believers only on the basis of (...)
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  18. Anthony P. Atkinson, I. S. Baker, Susan J. Blackmore, William Braud, Jean E. Burns, R. H. S. Carpenter, Christopher J. S. Clarke, Ralph D. Ellis, David Fontana, Christopher C. French, D. Radin, M. Schlitz, Stefan Schmidt & Max Velmans (2005). Open Peer Commentary on 'the Sense of Being Stared At' Parts 1 &. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (6):50-116.score: 30.0
  19. Thomas Schmidt & Dirk Vorberg (2006). Criteria for Unconscious Cognition: Three Types of Dissociation. Perception and Psychophysics 68 (3):489-504.score: 30.0
  20. David Nicolas (2008). Mass Nouns and Plural Logic. Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (2):211 - 244.score: 30.0
    A dilemma put forward by Schein (1993, Plurals and events. Cambridge: MIT Press) and Rayo (2002, Nous, 36, 436-464) suggests that, in order to characterize the semantics of plurals, we should not use predicate logic, but plural logic, a formal language whose terms may refer to several things at once. We show that a similar dilemma applies to mass nouns. If we use predicate logic and sets when characterizing their semantics, we arrive at a Russellian paradox. And if we use (...)
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  21. David Nicolas, Is There Anything Characteristic About the Meaning of a Count Noun?score: 30.0
    In English, some common nouns, like cat, can be used in the singular and in the plural, while others, like water, are invariable. Moreover, nouns like cat can be employed with numerals like one and two and determiners like a, many and few, but neither with much nor little . On the contrary, nouns like milk can be used with determiners like much and little, but neither with a, one nor many. These two types of nouns constitute two morphosyntactic sub-classes (...)
     
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  22. Harald Walach & Stefan Schmidt (2005). Repairing Plato's Life Boat with Ockham's Razor: The Important Function of Research in Anomalies for Consciousness Studies. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (2):52-70.score: 30.0
    Scientific progress is achieved not only by continuous accumulation of knowledge but also by paradigm shifts. These shifts are often necessitated by anomalous findings that cannot be incorporated in accepted models. Two important methodological principles regulate this process and complement each other: Ockham's Razor as the principle of parsimony and Plato's Life Boat as the principle of the necessity to 'save the appearances' and thus incorporate conflicting phenomenological data into theories. We review empirical data which are in conflict with some (...)
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  23. James R. Schmidt, Matthew J. C. Crump, Jim Cheesman & Derek Besner (2007). Contingency Learning Without Awareness: Evidence for Implicit Control. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):421-435.score: 30.0
  24. James Schmidt (1992). What Enlightenment Was: How Moses Mendelssohn and Immanuel Kant Answered The. Journal of the History of Philosophy 30 (1).score: 30.0
  25. Tom Baldwin, Roger Brownsword & Harald Schmidt (2009). Stewardship, Paternalism and Public Health: Further Thoughts. Public Health Ethics 2 (1):113-116.score: 30.0
    Nuffield Council on Bioethics, London * Corresponding author: Nuffield Council on Bioethics, 28 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3JS, UK. Email: hschmidt{at}nuffieldbioethics.org ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract In November 2007, the Nuffield Council on Bioethics published the report Public Health: Ethical Issues . While the report has been welcomed by a wide range of stakeholders, there has also been some criticism. First, it has been suggested that it is not clear why, in developing its ‘stewardship (...)
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  26. Jan Hendrik Schmidt (1998). Newcomb's Paradox Realized with Backward Causation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):67-87.score: 30.0
    In order to refute the widely held belief that the game known as ‘Newcomb's paradox’ is physically nonsensical and impossible to imagine (e.g. because it involves backward causation), I tell a story in which the game is realized in a classical, deterministic universe in a physically plausible way. The predictor is a collection of beings which are by many orders of magnitude smaller than the player and which can, with their exquisite measurement techniques, observe the particles in the player's body (...)
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  27. C. T. A. Schmidt (2005). Of Robots and Believing. Minds and Machines 15 (2):195-205.score: 30.0
    Discussion about the application of scientific knowledge in robotics in order to build people helpers is widespread. The issue herein addressed is philosophically poignant, that of robots that are “people”. It is currently popular to speak about robots and the image of Man. Behind this lurks the dialogical mind and the questions about the significance of an artificial version of it. Without intending to defend or refute the discourse in favour of ‘recreating’ Man, a lesser familiar question is brought forth: (...)
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  28. David Nicolas, Towards a Semantics for Mass Expressions Derived From Gradable Expressions.score: 30.0
    What semantics should we attribute to mass expressions like "wisdom" and "love", which are derived from gradable expressions? We first examine how these expressions are used, then how they are interpreted in their various uses. We then propose a model to account for these data, in which derived mass nouns denote instances of properties.
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  29. Harald Schmidt (2008). Childhood Obesity and Parental Responsibilities. Hastings Center Report 38 (4):p. 3.score: 30.0
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  30. Claudia M. Schmidt (2005). The Anthropological Dimension of Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals. Kant-Studien 96 (1):66-84.score: 30.0
    One of the persistently controversial issues in the discussion of Kant’s moral philosophy is his view of the relation between the metaphysics of morals and human nature.
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  31. David Long & Brian C. Schmidt (eds.) (2005). Imperialism and Internationalism in the Discipline of International Relations. State University of New York Press.score: 30.0
    This book reconstructs in detail some of the formative episodes of the field's early development and arrives at the conclusion that, in actuality, the early ...
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  32. C. T. A. Schmidt (2009). Computation and the Natural World. Minds and Machines 19 (4):451-451.score: 30.0
  33. Paul Gerhard Schmidt (1978). The Vision of Thurkill. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 41:50-64.score: 30.0
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  34. James Schmidt (1979). Lordship and Bondage in Merleau-Ponty and Sartre. Political Theory 7 (2):201-227.score: 30.0
    The article examines the use made of hegel's dialectic of lordship and bondage in kojeve, sartre and merleau-ponty as a means of discussing the problem of merging a phenomenology of social life with a dialectical conception of philosophical narration. it is argued that neither sartre nor merleau-ponty can reconcile phenomenology and dialectic without an ontologizing of politics which ultimately provides a misleadingly abstract account of political life. while concentrating on the period 1945-1955, the article draws out certain implications for the (...)
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  35. Damián Justo, Julien Dutant, Benoît Hardy-Vallée, David Nicolas & Benjamin Q. Sylvand (2003). Delegation, Subdivision, and Modularity: How Rich is Conceptual Structure? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):683-684.score: 30.0
    Contra Jackendoff, we argue that within the parallel architecture framework, the generality of language does not require a rich conceptual structure. To show this, we put forward a delegation model of specialization. We find Jackendoff's alternative, the subdivision model, insufficiently supported. In particular, the computational consequences of his representational notion of modularity need to be clarified.
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  36. Jan C. Schmidt (2008). Klaus Mainzer, Symmetry and Complexity. The Spirit and Beauty of Nonlinear Science. Journal for General Philosophy of Science 39 (1):173-177.score: 30.0
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  37. Thomas Schmidt (2006). Learning Under Anesthesia: Checking the Light in the Fridge? Commentary on Deeprose and Andrade (2006). Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):24-27.score: 30.0
  38. Dennis J. Schmidt (2008). Who Counts? On Democracy, Power, and the Incalculable. Research in Phenomenology 38 (2):228-243.score: 30.0
    The intention of this paper is to discuss the notion and word "democracy" as a Greek legacy and then to pose the question of the specific challenges to that conception of democracy presented by this historical present, which Heidegger characterizes as the Gestell. Questions concerning the sources of power, the relation of power to peoples and individuals, as well as the shift from power to violence are addressed. Plato, Aristotle, Pericles, Lincoln, Derrida, and Heidegger are the key figures in this (...)
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  39. Wolfgang Kerber & Claudia Schmidt, Microsoft, Refusal to License Intellectual Property Rights, and the Incentives Balance Test of the EU Commission.score: 30.0
    This article contributes to the analysis of refusal to license cases as abuse of a dominant position pursuant Article 82 EC from an economic perspective. In the Microsoft case, the European Commission introduced an "Incentives Balance Test" to assess whether the refusal to give access to interface information can be justified by arguing that this information is protected by Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs): The Commission argued that if the overall innovative effects evoked by a compulsory license are significantly higher than (...)
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  40. Volker H. Schmidt (1998). Selection of Recipients for Donor Organs in Transplant Medicine. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (1):50 – 74.score: 30.0
    This paper deals with a problem which has received a great deal of attention in the ethical literature, but about which very little is known empirically: the selection of recipients for organs in transplant medicine. Based on a larger study, it is shown how this problem is practically resolved in one European country, Germany. It is demonstrated that most of the criteria used to determine recipients are non-medical in nature, even though they generally tend to be rationalized in medical terms. (...)
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  41. David Nicolas, Count Nouns, Mass Nouns and Their Acquisition.score: 30.0
    'Philosophy may in no way interfere with the actual use of language; it can in the end only describe it. For it cannot give it any foundation either. It leaves everything as it is.' 'We must do away with all explanation, and description alone must take its place.'.
     
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  42. Barry Z. Posner & Warren H. Schmidt (1987). Ethics in American Companies: A Managerial Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 6 (5):383 - 391.score: 30.0
    This study investigated several issues with 1498 managers nationwide regarding, for example, how ethical they felt their organizations were and whether their personal principles must be compromised for the organization's sake. In addition their decision criteria for two scenarios involving ethical implications were articulated.
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  43. Claudia M. Schmidt (2008). Kant's Transcendental and Empirical Psychology of Cognition. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (4):462-472.score: 30.0
  44. Lawrence Schmidt (2000). Respecting Others: The Hermeneutic Virtue. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 33 (3):359-379.score: 30.0
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  45. James Schmidt (2000). What Enlightenment Project? Political Theory 28 (6):734-757.score: 30.0
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  46. Ivo DÜntsch, Gunther Schmidt & Michael Winter (2001). A Necessary Relation Algebra for Mereotopology. Studia Logica 69 (3):381 - 409.score: 30.0
    The standard model for mereotopological structures are Boolean subalgebras of the complete Boolean algebra of regular closed subsets of a nonempty connected regular T 0 topological space with an additional "contact relation" C defined by xCy x ØA (possibly) more general class of models is provided by the Region Connection Calculus (RCC) of Randell et al. We show that the basic operations of the relational calculus on a "contact relation" generate at least 25 relations in any model of the RCC, (...)
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  47. James Schmidt (1998). Cabbage Heads and Gulps of Water: Hegel on the Terror. Political Theory 26 (1):4-32.score: 30.0
  48. Eric B. Schmidt (2007). The Parental Obligation to Expand a Child's Range of Open Futures When Making Genetic Trait Selections for Their Child. Bioethics 21 (4):191–197.score: 30.0
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  49. Dennis J. Schmidt (2002). Why is Spirit Such a Slow Learner? Research in Phenomenology 32 (1):26-43.score: 30.0
    A typical view of Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit takes the view that it traces the forward march of spirit and that this forward moving education outlines a path of pure progress. My contention is that what most needs to be said about spirit is that it is indeed a slow learner: lessons must be learned over and over again, structures get repeated, the same mistakes are made in different contexts. Repetition, not progress, is the rule of spirit's education. Two questions (...)
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  50. Dennis J. Schmidt (1997). What We Owe the Dead: Of Mortality, Measure, and Morality. Research in Phenomenology 27 (1):190-198.score: 30.0
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