Search results for 'Nicolas Schmidt' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Muriel Vandenberghe, Nicolas Schmidt, Patrick Fery & Axel Cleeremans (2006). Can Amnesic Patients Learn Without Awareness? New Evidence Comparing Deterministic and Probabilistic Sequence Learning. Neuropsychologia 44 (10):1629-1641.score: 240.0
    Can associative learning take place without awareness? We explore this issue in a sequence learning paradigm with amnesic and control participants, who were simply asked to react to one of four possible stimuli on each trial. Unknown to them, successive stimuli occurred in a sequence. We manipulated the extent to which stimuli followed the sequence in a deterministic manner (noiseless condition) or only probabilistically so (noisy condition). Through this paradigm, we aimed at addressing two central issues: first, we asked whether (...)
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  2. [deleted]David A. Nicolas, David A. NICOLAS [Back to Homepage].score: 180.0
    In ‘Essential stuff’ (2008) and ‘Stuff’ (2009), Kristie Miller argues that two generally accepted theses, often formulated as follows, are incompatible: - (Temporal) mereological essentialism for stuff (or matter), the thesis that any portion of stuff has the same parts at every time it exists.
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  3. Helmut Schmidt (1987). Alcock's Critique of Schmidt's Experiments. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):609.score: 180.0
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  4. Adam Jankowski, Robert Lettner, Burghart Schmidt, Dieter Ronte, Anne Marie Freybourg & Philipp Stadler (eds.) (2010). Adam Jankowski, Robert Lettner, Burghart Schmidt: Philosophie der Landschaft: Zwischen Denken Und Bild. Jovis.score: 180.0
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  5. Alfred Schmidt, Wolfgang Jordan & Michael Jeske (eds.) (2006). Für Einen Realen Humanismus: Festschrift Zum 75. Geburtstag von Alfred Schmidt. Lang.score: 180.0
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  6. [deleted]David Nicolas & Øystein Linnebo (2008). Superplurals in English. Analysis 68 (3):186 - 197.score: 60.0
    It is now widely believed among philosophers and logicians that ordinary English contains plural terms that may refer to several things at once. But are there terms that stand to ordinary plural terms the way ordinary plural terms stand to singular terms? Let’s call such terms superplural. A superplural term would thus, loosely speaking, refer to several “pluralities” at once. It is reasonably straightforward to devise a formal logic of superplural terms, superplural predicates, and even superplural quantifiers (Rayo 2006). But (...)
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  7. Ella Schmidt (2011). Equality in Difference: Hierarchical Multiculturalism and Membership Illusions. [REVIEW] Human Studies 34 (4):489-494.score: 60.0
    Equality in Difference: Hierarchical Multiculturalism and Membership Illusions Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 489-494 DOI 10.1007/s10746-011-9193-x Authors Ella Schmidt, Department of Anthropology, Criminology, and Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, University of South Florida-St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg, FL, USA Journal Human Studies Online ISSN 1572-851X Print ISSN 0163-8548 Journal Volume Volume 34 Journal Issue Volume 34, Number 4.
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  8. [deleted]Richard A. Schmidt & Douglas Young (2010). Cars Gone Wild: The Major Contributor to Unintended Acceleration in Automobiles is Pedal Error. Frontiers in Psychology 1.score: 60.0
    “Unintended-acceleration” automobile accidents typically begin when the driver first enters the car, starts the engine, and intends to press his/her right foot on the brake while shifting from Park to a drive gear (Drive or Reverse). The driver reports an unintended (uncommanded) full-throttle acceleration, coupled with a loss of braking, until the episode ends in a crash. Pedal misapplications--where the right foot contacts the accelerator instead of the brake that was intended--have been linked to these accidents (Schmidt, 1989, 1993) (...)
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  9. Nicolas Février (1995). Afred Schmidt, Le Concept de Nature Chez Marx. Traduit de l'Allemand Par Jacqueline Bois. Revue Philosophique De Louvain 93 (1-2):197-199.score: 36.0
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  10. Paul F. Schmidt (1955). Some Criticisms of Cultural Relativism. Journal of Philosophy 52 (25):780-791.score: 30.0
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  11. Barry Z. Posner & Warren H. Schmidt (1993). Values Congruence and Differences Between the Interplay of Personal and Organizational Value Systems. Journal of Business Ethics 12 (5):341 - 347.score: 30.0
    Following the research of Liedtka (1989), this paper examines the impact of her values congruence model on managers'' work attitudes and perceptions of ethical practices within their firms. A nationwide cross-section of managers (N=1,059) provides the sample for the study. Consonance or clarity about both personal value systems and organizational value systems were found to be more important and, in the absence of one or the other, clarity of personal values were shown to have a more positive impact than organizational (...)
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  12. David Nicolas (2009). Mereological Essentialism, Composition, and Stuff: A Reply to Kristie Miller. Erkenntnis 71 (3):425 - 429.score: 30.0
    In ‘Essential stuff' (2008) and ‘Stuff' (2009), Kristie Miller argues that two generally accepted theses, often formulated as follows, are incompatible: - (Temporal) mereological essentialism for stuff (or matter), the thesis that any portion of stuff has the same parts at every time it exists. - Stuff composition, the thesis that for any two portions of stuff, there exists a portion of stuff that is their mereological sum (or fusion). She does this by considering competing hypotheses about stuff, trying to (...)
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  13. Øystein Linnebo & David Nicolas (2008). Superplurals in English. Analysis 68 (299):186–197.score: 30.0
    where ‘aa’ is a plural term, and ‘F’ a plural predicate. Following George Boolos (1984) and others, many philosophers and logicians also think that plural expressions should be analysed as not introducing any new ontological commitments to some sort of ‘plural entities’, but rather as involving a new form of reference to objects to which we are already committed (for an overview and further details, see Linnebo 2004). For instance, the plural term ‘aa’ refers to Alice, Bob and Charlie simultaneously, (...)
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  14. David Nicolas (2004). The Semantics of Nouns Derived From Gradable Adjectives. In Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 8. 197-207.score: 30.0
    What semantics should we attribute to nouns like "wisdom" and "generosity", which are derived from gradable adjectives? We show that, from a morphosyntactic standpoint, these nouns are mass nouns. This leads us to consider and answer the following questions. How are these nouns interpreted in their various uses? What formal representations may one associate with their interpretations? How do these depend on the semantics of the adjective? And where lies the semantic unity of nouns like wisdom and generosity with the (...)
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  15. [deleted]David Nicolas, Mass Nouns and Non-Singular Logic.score: 30.0
    A dilemma put forward by Schein (1993) and Rayo (2002) suggests that, in order to characterize the semantics of plurals, we should not use predicate logic, but non-singular logic, a formal language whose terms may refer to several things at once. We show that a similar dilemma applies to mass nouns. If we use predicate logic and sets, we arrive at a Russellian paradox when characterizing the semantics of mass nouns. Likewise, a semantics of mass nouns based upon predicate logic (...)
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  16. Jan Hendrik Schmidt (1998). Newcomb's Paradox Realized with Backward Causation. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):67-87.score: 30.0
    In order to refute the widely held belief that the game known as ‘Newcomb's paradox’ is physically nonsensical and impossible to imagine (e.g. because it involves backward causation), I tell a story in which the game is realized in a classical, deterministic universe in a physically plausible way. The predictor is a collection of beings which are by many orders of magnitude smaller than the player and which can, with their exquisite measurement techniques, observe the particles in the player's body (...)
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  17. C. T. A. Schmidt & F. Kraemer (2006). Robots, Dennett and the Autonomous: A Terminological Investigation. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 16 (1):73-80.score: 30.0
    In the present enterprise we take a look at the meaning of Autonomy, how the word has been employed and some of the consequences of its use in the sciences of the artificial. Could and should robots really be autonomous entities? Over and beyond this, we use concepts from the philosophy of mind to spur on enquiry into the very essence of human autonomy. We believe our initiative, as does Dennett's life-long research, sheds light upon the problems of robot design (...)
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  18. [deleted]David Nicolas (2008). Mass Nouns and Plural Logic. Linguistics and Philosophy 31 (2):211 - 244.score: 30.0
    A dilemma put forward by Schein (1993) and Rayo (2002) suggests that, in order to characterize the semantics of plurals, we should not use predicate logic, but non-singular logic, a formal language whose terms may refer to several things at once. We show that a similar dilemma applies to mass nouns. If we use predicate logic and sets, we arrive at a Russellian paradox when characterizing the semantics of mass nouns. Likewise, a semantics of mass nouns based upon predicate logic (...)
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  19. Thomas Schmidt (2006). Learning Under Anesthesia: Checking the Light in the Fridge? Commentary on Deeprose and Andrade (2006). Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):24-27.score: 30.0
    Research on learning under anesthesia has focused on showing that learning is possible in the absence of awareness. However, a simple dissociation between learning and awareness is conclusive only under strong additional assumptions, and the actual state of consciousness of an anesthetized person is difficult to determine. Instead of trying to establish complete unconsciousness, one might employ gradual anesthesia to experimentally vary the level of consciousness in a controlled fashion, checking whether cognitive processes exist that can change in opposite direction (...)
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  20. C. T. A. Schmidt (2005). Of Robots and Believing. Minds and Machines 15 (2):195-205.score: 30.0
    Discussion about the application of scientific knowledge in robotics in order to build people helpers is widespread. The issue herein addressed is philosophically poignant, that of robots that are “people”. It is currently popular to speak about robots and the image of Man. Behind this lurks the dialogical mind and the questions about the significance of an artificial version of it. Without intending to defend or refute the discourse in favour of ‘recreating’ Man, a lesser familiar question is brought forth: (...)
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  21. Thomas Schmidt (1999). Religious Pluralism and Democratic Society: Political Liberalism and the Reasonableness of Religious Beliefs. Philosophy and Social Criticism 25 (4):43-56.score: 30.0
    Critics of John Rawls' conception of a reasonable pluralism have raised the question of whether it is justified to demand that religious individuals should 'bracket' their essential, identity-constituting convictions when they enter a political discourse. I will argue that the criterion for religious beliefs of being justified as grounds for political decisions should be their ability of being 'translatable' in secular reasons for the very same decisions. This translation would demand 'epistemic abstinence' from religious believers only on the basis of (...)
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  22. Anthony P. Atkinson, I. S. Baker, Susan J. Blackmore, William Braud, Jean E. Burns, R. H. S. Carpenter, Christopher J. S. Clarke, Ralph D. Ellis, David Fontana, Christopher C. French, D. Radin, M. Schlitz, Stefan Schmidt & Max Velmans (2005). Open Peer Commentary on 'the Sense of Being Stared At' Parts 1 &. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (6):50-116.score: 30.0
  23. Thomas Schmidt & Dirk Vorberg (2006). Criteria for Unconscious Cognition: Three Types of Dissociation. Perception and Psychophysics 68 (3):489-504.score: 30.0
  24. James Schmidt (2000). What Enlightenment Project? Political Theory 28 (6):734-757.score: 30.0
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  25. Harald Walach & Stefan Schmidt (2005). Repairing Plato's Life Boat with Ockham's Razor: The Important Function of Research in Anomalies for Consciousness Studies. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (2):52-70.score: 30.0
    Scientific progress is achieved not only by continuous accumulation of knowledge but also by paradigm shifts. These shifts are often necessitated by anomalous findings that cannot be incorporated in accepted models. Two important methodological principles regulate this process and complement each other: Ockham's Razor as the principle of parsimony and Plato's Life Boat as the principle of the necessity to 'save the appearances' and thus incorporate conflicting phenomenological data into theories. We review empirical data which are in conflict with some (...)
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  26. David Nicolas (2004). Is There Anything Characteristic About the Meaning of a Count Noun? Revue de la Lexicologie 18.score: 30.0
    In English, some common nouns, like "cat", can be used in the singular and in the plural, while others, like "wate"r, are invariable. Moreover, nouns like "cat" can be employed with numerals like "one" and "two" and determiners like "a", "many" and "few", but neither with "much" nor "little". On the contrary, nouns like "milk" can be used with determiners like "much" and "little", but neither with "a", "one" nor "many". These two types of nouns constitute two morphosyntactic sub-classes of (...)
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  27. David Long & Brian C. Schmidt (eds.) (2005). Imperialism and Internationalism in the Discipline of International Relations. State University of New York Press.score: 30.0
    This book reconstructs in detail some of the formative episodes of the field's early development and arrives at the conclusion that, in actuality, the early ...
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  28. David Nicolas (2010). Towards a Semantics for Mass Expressions Derived From Gradable Expressions. Recherches Linguistiques de Vincennes 39:163-198.score: 30.0
    What semantics should we attribute to mass expressions like "wisdom" and "love", which are derived from gradable expressions? We first examine how these expressions are used, then how they are interpreted in their various uses. We then propose a model to account for these data, in which derived mass nouns denote instances of properties.
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  29. James Schmidt (1992). What Enlightenment Was: How Moses Mendelssohn and Immanuel Kant Answered The. Journal of the History of Philosophy 30 (1).score: 30.0
  30. Harald Schmidt (2008). Childhood Obesity and Parental Responsibilities. Hastings Center Report 38 (4):p. 3.score: 30.0
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  31. Dennis J. Schmidt (2001). Scales: Human and Otherwise: On Moral and Material Complexity. Journal of Speculative Philosophy 15 (3):190-194.score: 30.0
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  32. Paul Gerhard Schmidt (1978). The Vision of Thurkill. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 41:50-64.score: 30.0
  33. Heinz-Jürgen Schmidt (1981). The Structure of Stern-Gerlach Experiments and Ludwig's Approach to Quantum Theory. Erkenntnis 16 (3):389 - 395.score: 30.0
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  34. James R. Schmidt, Matthew J. C. Crump, Jim Cheesman & Derek Besner (2007). Contingency Learning Without Awareness: Evidence for Implicit Control. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (2):421-435.score: 30.0
    The results of four experiments provide evidence for controlled processing in the absence of awareness. Participants identified the colour of a neutral distracter word. Each of four words was presented in one of the four colours 75% of the time or 50% of the time . Colour identification was faster when the words appeared in the colour they were most often presented in relative to when they appeared in another colour, even for participants who were subjectively unaware of any contingencies (...)
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  35. James Schmidt (1979). Lordship and Bondage in Merleau-Ponty and Sartre. Political Theory 7 (2):201-227.score: 30.0
    The article examines the use made of hegel's dialectic of lordship and bondage in kojeve, sartre and merleau-ponty as a means of discussing the problem of merging a phenomenology of social life with a dialectical conception of philosophical narration. it is argued that neither sartre nor merleau-ponty can reconcile phenomenology and dialectic without an ontologizing of politics which ultimately provides a misleadingly abstract account of political life. while concentrating on the period 1945-1955, the article draws out certain implications for the (...)
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  36. Tom Baldwin, Roger Brownsword & Harald Schmidt (2009). Stewardship, Paternalism and Public Health: Further Thoughts. Public Health Ethics 2 (1):113-116.score: 30.0
    Nuffield Council on Bioethics, London * Corresponding author: Nuffield Council on Bioethics, 28 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3JS, UK. Email: hschmidt{at}nuffieldbioethics.org ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> Abstract In November 2007, the Nuffield Council on Bioethics published the report Public Health: Ethical Issues . While the report has been welcomed by a wide range of stakeholders, there has also been some criticism. First, it has been suggested that it is not clear why, in developing its ‘stewardship (...)
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  37. Claudia M. Schmidt (2008). Kant's Transcendental and Empirical Psychology of Cognition. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (4):462-472.score: 30.0
    One of the perennially intriguing questions regarding Kant’s approach to the human sciences is the relation between his ‘transcendental psychology’ and empirical cognitive psychology. In this paper I compare his analysis of the a priori conditions of human cognition in the Critique of pure reason with his empirical account of the human cognitive faculties in his Anthropology from a pragmatic point of view. In comparing his approach to self-consciousness, sensibility, imagination, and understanding in these two works, I argue that Kant (...)
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  38. Claudia M. Schmidt (2005). The Anthropological Dimension of Kant’s Metaphysics of Morals. Kant-Studien 96 (1):66-84.score: 30.0
    One of the persistently controversial issues in the discussion of Kant’s moral philosophy is his view of the relation between the metaphysics of morals and human nature.
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  39. Jan C. Schmidt (2008). Klaus Mainzer, Symmetry and Complexity. The Spirit and Beauty of Nonlinear Science. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 39 (1):173-177.score: 30.0
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  40. Lawrence K. Schmidt (2000). Respecting Others: The Hermeneutic Virtue. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 33 (3):359-379.score: 30.0
  41. Nathaniel Schmidt (1911). The New Jesus Myth and its Ethical Value. International Journal of Ethics 22 (1):19-39.score: 30.0
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  42. Dennis J. Schmidt (2008). Who Counts? On Democracy, Power, and the Incalculable. Research in Phenomenology 38 (2):228-243.score: 30.0
    The intention of this paper is to discuss the notion and word "democracy" as a Greek legacy and then to pose the question of the specific challenges to that conception of democracy presented by this historical present, which Heidegger characterizes as the Gestell. Questions concerning the sources of power, the relation of power to peoples and individuals, as well as the shift from power to violence are addressed. Plato, Aristotle, Pericles, Lincoln, Derrida, and Heidegger are the key figures in this (...)
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  43. C. T. A. Schmidt (2009). Computation and the Natural World. Minds and Machines 19 (4):451-451.score: 30.0
  44. Damián Justo, Julien Dutant, Benoît Hardy-Vallée, David Nicolas & Benjamin Q. Sylvand (2003). Delegation, Subdivision, and Modularity: How Rich is Conceptual Structure? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (6):683-684.score: 30.0
    Contra Jackendoff, we argue that within the parallel architecture framework, the generality of language does not require a rich conceptual structure. To show this, we put forward a delegation model of specialization. We find Jackendoff's alternative, the subdivision model, insufficiently supported. In particular, the computational consequences of his representational notion of modularity need to be clarified.
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  45. David Nicolas, Count Nouns, Mass Nouns and Their Acquisition.score: 30.0
    'Philosophy may in no way interfere with the actual use of language; it can in the end only describe it. For it cannot give it any foundation either. It leaves everything as it is.' 'We must do away with all explanation, and description alone must take its place.'.
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  46. Barry Z. Posner & Warren H. Schmidt (1987). Ethics in American Companies: A Managerial Perspective. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 6 (5):383 - 391.score: 30.0
    This study investigated several issues with 1498 managers nationwide regarding, for example, how ethical they felt their organizations were and whether their personal principles must be compromised for the organization's sake. In addition their decision criteria for two scenarios involving ethical implications were articulated.
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  47. Wolfgang Kerber & Claudia Schmidt, Microsoft, Refusal to License Intellectual Property Rights, and the Incentives Balance Test of the EU Commission.score: 30.0
    This article contributes to the analysis of refusal to license cases as abuse of a dominant position pursuant Article 82 EC from an economic perspective. In the Microsoft case, the European Commission introduced an "Incentives Balance Test" to assess whether the refusal to give access to interface information can be justified by arguing that this information is protected by Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs): The Commission argued that if the overall innovative effects evoked by a compulsory license are significantly higher than (...)
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  48. James Schmidt (1998). Cabbage Heads and Gulps of Water: Hegel on the Terror. Political Theory 26 (1):4-32.score: 30.0
  49. David Nicolas & Patrick Caudal (2005). Types of Degrees and Types of Event Structures. In Event Arguments: Foundations and Applications. Mouton de Gruyter 277-300.score: 30.0
    In this paper, we investigate how certain types of predicates should be connected with certain types of degree scales, and how this can affect the events they describe. The distribution and interpretation of various degree adverbials will serve us as a guideline in this perspective. They suggest that two main types of degree scales should be distinguished: (i) quantity scales, which are characterized by the semantic equivalence of Yannig ate the cake partially and Yannig ate part of the cake; quantity (...)
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  50. James Schmidt (2005). "Not These Sounds": Beethoven at Mauthausen. Philosophy and Literature 29 (1):146-163.score: 30.0
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