Results for 'David R. Kniefel'

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  1.  25
    Book Review Section 5. [REVIEW]John T. Abrahamson, David R. Kniefel, Edward J. Nussel, Thomas G. James, Harry Wagschal, Marvin Willerman, Jerome J. Salamone, Conrad Katzenmeyer, Robert B. Grant & Alan H. Jones - unknown
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  2. Color Primitivism.David R. Hilbert & Alex Byrne - 2006 - Erkenntnis 66 (1-2):73 - 105.
    The typical kind of color realism is reductive: the color properties are identified with properties specified in other terms (as ways of altering light, for instance). If no reductive analysis is available — if the colors are primitive sui generis properties — this is often taken to be a convincing argument for eliminativism. That is, realist primitivism is usually thought to be untenable. The realist preference for reductive theories of color over the last few decades is particularly striking in light (...)
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  3.  34
    How Did Darwin Arrive at His Theory? The Secondary Literature to 1982.David R. Oldroyd - 1984 - History of Science 22 (4):325-374.
  4.  86
    Readings on Color I: The Philosophy of Color.Alex Byrne & David R. Hilbert (eds.) - 1997 - MIT Press.
    Edward Wilson Averill By the phrase 'anthropocentric account of color' I mean an account of color that makes an assumption of the following form: two ...
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  5. Characteristics of dissociable human learning systems.David R. Shanks & Mark F. St John - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):367-447.
    A number of ways of taxonomizing human learning have been proposed. We examine the evidence for one such proposal, namely, that there exist independent explicit and implicit learning systems. This combines two further distinctions, (1) between learning that takes place with versus without concurrent awareness, and (2) between learning that involves the encoding of instances (or fragments) versus the induction of abstract rules or hypotheses. Implicit learning is assumed to involve unconscious rule learning. We examine the evidence for implicit learning (...)
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  6.  91
    Characteristics of dissociable human learning systems.David R. Shanks & Mark F. St John - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):367-395.
    A number of ways of taxonomizing human learning have been proposed. We examine the evidence for one such proposal, namely, that there exist independent explicit and implicit learning systems. This combines two further distinctions, between learning that takes place with versus without concurrent awareness, and between learning that involves the encoding of instances versus the induction of abstract rules or hypotheses. Implicit learning is assumed to involve unconscious rule learning. We examine the evidence for implicit learning derived from subliminal learning, (...)
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  7.  40
    Ethical Consumerism: The Case Of “Fairly–Traded” Coffee.Kate Bird & David R. Hughes - 1997 - Business Ethics 6 (3):159-167.
    Consumer concern for “ethical products”, or ethical aspects of the goods which they purchase, is a subject of increasing interest and research,which is here illustrated by an examination of the Fair Trade movement, with special reference to coffee as an indicative commodity. Kate Bird, is currently Lecturer in the Development Administration Group, School of Public Policy, Birmingham University, Birmingham B15 2TT, England, having previously worked abroad and written her MSc dissertation at Wye College on fair trade in coffee products. Dr (...)
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  8. Color and Color Perception: A Study in Anthropocentric Realism.David R. Hilbert - 1987 - Csli Press.
    Colour has often been supposed to be a subjective property, a property to be analysed orretly in terms of the phenomenological aspects of human expereince. In contrast with subjectivism, an objectivist analysis of color takes color to be a property objects possess in themselves, independently of the character of human perceptual expereince. David Hilbert defends a form of objectivism that identifies color with a physical property of surfaces - their spectral reflectance. This analysis of color is shown to provide (...)
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  9. Geoengineering and Non-Ideal Theory.David R. Morrow & Toby Svoboda - 2016 - Public Affairs Quarterly 30 (1):85-104.
    The strongest arguments for the permissibility of geoengineering (also known as climate engineering) rely implicitly on non-ideal theory—roughly, the theory of justice as applied to situations of partial compliance with principles of ideal justice. In an ideally just world, such arguments acknowledge, humanity should not deploy geoengineering; but in our imperfect world, society may need to complement mitigation and adaptation with geoengineering to reduce injustices associated with anthropogenic climate change. We interpret research proponents’ arguments as an application of a particular (...)
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  10. Domesticatory relationships of people, plants and animals.David R. Harris - 1996 - In R. F. Ellen & Katsuyoshi Fukui (eds.), Redefining nature: ecology, culture, and domestication. Washington, D.C.: Berg. pp. 437--463.
     
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  11.  37
    Arendt, Camus, and Modern Rebellion.David R. Ellison & Jeffrey C. Isaac - 1994 - Substance 23 (2):122.
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  12. Political legitimacy in decisions about experiments in solar radiation management.David R. Morrow, Robert E. Kopp & Michael Oppenheimer - 2013 - In William C. G. Burns & Andrew Strauss (eds.), Climate Change Geoengineering: Philosophical Perspectives, Legal Issues, and Governance Frameworks. Cambridge University Press.
    Some types of solar radiation management (SRM) research are ethically problematic because they expose persons, animals, and ecosystems to significant risks. In our earlier work, we argued for ethical norms for SRM research based on norms for biomedical research. Biomedical researchers may not conduct research on persons without their consent, but universal consent is impractical for SRM research. We argue that instead of requiring universal consent, ethical norms for SRM research require only political legitimacy in decision-making about global SRM trials. (...)
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  13.  14
    Non-invasive Brain Stimulation of the Posterior Parietal Cortex Alters Postural Adaptation.David R. Young, Pranav J. Parikh & Charles S. Layne - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  14. Toward ethical norms and institutions for climate engineering research.David R. Morrow, Robert E. Kopp & Michael Oppenheimer - 2009 - Environmental Research Letters 4.
    Climate engineering (CE), the intentional modification of the climate in order to reduce the effects of increasing greenhouse gas concentrations, is sometimes touted as a potential response to climate change. Increasing interest in the topic has led to proposals for empirical tests of hypothesized CE techniques, which raise serious ethical concerns. We propose three ethical guidelines for CE researchers, derived from the ethics literature on research with human and animal subjects, applicable in the event that CE research progresses beyond computer (...)
     
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  15.  74
    Reflexive-insensitive modal logics.David R. Gilbert & Giorgio Venturi - 2016 - Review of Symbolic Logic 9 (1):167-180.
  16.  31
    Language and thought: Aspects of a cognitive theory of semantics.David R. Olson - 1970 - Psychological Review 77 (4):257-273.
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  17.  4
    The Origin of the St Thomas More Project.David R. Watkins - 1979 - Moreana 16 (2):7-10.
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  18.  78
    Ethical Aspects of the Mitigation Obstruction Argument against Climate Engineering Research.David R. Morrow - 2014 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 372:20140062.
    Many commentators fear that climate engineering research might lead policy-makers to reduce mitigation efforts. Most of the literature on this so-called ‘moral hazard’ problem focuses on the prediction that climate engineering research would reduce mitigation efforts. This paper focuses on a related ethical question: Why would it be a bad thing if climate engineering research obstructed mitigation? If climate engineering promises to be effective enough, it might justify some reduction in mitigation. Climate policy portfolios involving sufficiently large or poorly planned (...)
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  19. What is color vision?David R. Hilbert - 1992 - Philosophical Studies 68 (3):351-70.
    There are serious reasons for accepting each of these propositions individually but there are apparently insurmountable difficulties with accepting all three of them simultaneously if we assume that color is a single property. 1) and 2) together seem to imply that there is some property which all organisms with color vision can see and 3) seems to imply that there can be no such property. If these implications really are valid then one or more of these propositions will have to (...)
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  20. Introduction to Montague Semantics.David R. Dowty, Robert Eugene Wall & Stanley Peters - 1981 - Springer.
    INTRODUCTION Linguists who work within the tradition of transformational generative grammar tend to regard semantics as an intractable, perhaps ultimately ...
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  21. Word Meaning and Montague Grammar.David R. Dowty - 1982 - Philosophical Review 91 (2):290-295.
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  22.  84
    Why geoengineering is a public good, even if it is bad.David R. Morrow - 2014 - Climatic Change.
    Stephen Gardiner argues that geoengineering does not meet the “canonical technical definition” of a global public good, and that it is misleading to frame geoengineering as a public good. A public good is something that is nonrival and nonexcludable. Contrary to Gardiner’s claims, geoengineering meets both of these criteria. Framing geoengineering as a public good is useful because it allows commentators to draw on the existing economic, philosophical, and social scientific literature on the governance of public goods.
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  23.  14
    Education, the Anthropocene, and Deleuze/Guattari.David R. Cole - 2021 - BRILL.
    This book puts forward a radical, unorthodox thesis with respect to the Anthropocene, the philosophy of Deleuze/Guattari and education. This book analyses the Anthropocene for its unconscious drives and develops a parallel mode of education and social change.
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  24.  20
    Red herrings, circuit-breakers and ageism in the COVID-19 debate.David R. Lawrence & John Harris - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (9):645-646.
    In their recent paper ‘Why lockdown of the elderly is not ageist and why levelling down equality is wrong’ Savulescu and Cameron attempt to argue the case for subjecting the ‘elderly’ to limits not imposed on other generations. We argue that selective lockdown of the elderly is unnecessary and cruel, as well as discriminatory, and that this group may suffer more than others in similar circumstances. Further, it constitutes an unjustifiable deprivation of liberty.
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  25. Color and the inverted spectrum.David R. Hilbert & Mark Eli Kalderon - 2000 - In Steven Davis (ed.), Vancouver Studies in Cognitive Science. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 187-214.
    If you trained someone to emit a particular sound at the sight of something red, another at the sight of something yellow, and so on for other colors, still he would not yet be describing objects by their colors. Though he might be a help to us in giving a description. A description is a representation of a distribution in a space (in that of time, for instance).
     
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  26.  13
    Epistemological anarchy and the many forms of constructivism.David R. Geelan - 1997 - Science & Education 6 (1-2):15-28.
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  27.  21
    Information value and stimulus configuring as factors in conditioned reinforcement.David R. Thomas, David L. Berman & George E. Serednesky - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (2p1):181.
  28.  63
    The psychology of counterfactual thinking.David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.) - 2005 - New York: Routledge.
    It is human nature to wonder how things might have turned out differently--either for the better or for the worse. For the past two decades psychologists have been intrigued by this phenomenon, which they call counterfactual thinking. Specifically, researchers have sought to answer the "big" questions: Why do people have such a strong propensity to generate counterfactuals, and what functions does counterfactual thinking serve? What are the determinants of counterfactual thinking, and what are its adaptive and psychological consequences? This important (...)
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  29.  33
    Judgment dissociation theory: An analysis of differences in causal, counterfactual and covariational reasoning.David R. Mandel - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (3):419.
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  30.  18
    Understanding Phenomenology.David R. Cerbone - 2006 - Routledge.
    "Understanding Phenomenology" provides a guide to one of the most important schools of thought in modern philosophy. The book traces phenomenology's historical development, beginning with its founder, Edmund Husserl and his "pure" or "transcendental" phenomenology, and continuing with the later, "existential" phenomenology of Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. The book also assesses later, critical responses to phenomenology - from Derrida to Dennett - as well as the continued significance of phenomenology for philosophy today. Written for anyone coming to (...)
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  31.  39
    Natural Symbols: Explorations in Cosmology.David R. Bell & Mary Douglas - 1972 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (88):280.
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  32.  21
    Instruction in information structuring improves Bayesian judgment in intelligence analysts.David R. Mandel - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6:137593.
    An experiment was conducted to test the effectiveness of brief instruction in information structuring (i.e., representing and integrating information) for improving the coherence of probability judgments and binary choices among intelligence analysts. Forty-three analysts were presented with comparable sets of Bayesian judgment problems before and immediately after instruction. After instruction, analysts’ probability judgments were more coherent (i.e., more additive and compliant with Bayes theorem). Instruction also improved the coherence of binary choices regarding category membership: after instruction, subjects were more likely (...)
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  33.  14
    WKL 0 and induction principles in model theory.David R. Belanger - 2015 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 166 (7-8):767-799.
  34. Yoking Science and Religion: The Life and Thought of Ralph Wendell Burhoe.David R. Breed - 1993 - Zygon 28 (1).
     
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  35. Heidegger and Dasein’s ‘Bodily Nature’: What is the Hidden Problematic?David R. Cerbone - 2000 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 8 (2):209 – 230.
    In Being and Time, Heidegger explicitly defers any consideration of ourselves (Dasein) as embodied. I try to account for Heidegger's reluctance to talk about 'the body' in connection with his explication of Dasein, by arguing that doing so would be at odds with the kind of investigation his 'phenomenology of everydayness' is meant to be. That Heidegger omits discussion of the body in Being and Time might lead one to think of the human body in terms of the other categories (...)
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  36.  62
    Composition and Constitution.David R. Cerbone - 1999 - Philosophical Topics 27 (2):309-329.
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  37.  62
    Composition and Constitution.David R. Cerbone - 1999 - Philosophical Topics 27 (2):309-329.
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  38.  23
    A Workbook for Arguments: A Complete Course in Critical Thinking.David R. Morrow & Anthony Weston - 2011 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    "A Workbook for Arguments" builds on Anthony Weston's "Rulebook for Arguments" to provide a complete textbook for a course in critical thinking or informal logic. "Workbook" includes: The entire text of "Rulebook," supplemented with extensive further explanations and exercises. Homework exercises adapted from a wide range of arguments from newspapers, philosophical texts, literature, movies, videos, and other sources. Practical advice to help students succeed when applying the "Rulebook's" rules to the examples in the homework exercises. Suggestions for further practice, outlining (...)
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  39.  8
    Retten og vitenskapen: en introduksjon til rettsvitenskapens vitenskapsfilosofi.David R. Doublet & Jan Fridthjof Bernt - 1993 - Bergen: Alma mater. Edited by Jan Fridthjof Bernt.
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  40.  23
    A descriptive study of social development in family groups of rats.David R. Drews, Kenneth J. Forand, Todd G. Gipe, Lynn D. Chellel & Robert L. Gay - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (3):177-180.
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  41.  60
    Don't look but think: Imaginary scenarios in Wittgenstein's later philosophy.David R. Cerbone - 1994 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 37 (2):159 – 183.
    David Bloor has claimed that Wittgenstein is best read as offering the beginnings of a sociological theory of knowledge, despite Wittgenstein's reluctance to view his work this way. This leads him to dismiss Wittgenstein's many self?characterizations as mere ?prejudice?. In doing so, however, Bloor misses the import of Wittgenstein's work as a ?grammatical investigation?. The problems inherent in Bloor's interpretative approach can be discerned in his attitude toward Wittgenstein's use of imaginary scenarios: he demands that they be replaced by (...)
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  42.  29
    Wants and Needs in Mitigation Policy.David R. Morrow - 2015 - Climatic Change 130 (3):335–345.
    Disagreements about morally appropriate mitigation policies arise in part from implicit disagreements about the nature and moral significance of needs. One key question is what, if anything, distinguishes “needs” from “mere wants.” One approach, prominent in economics and implemented in existing integrated assessment models of climate change, rejects a hard distinction between needs and wants. An alternative approach, prominent in the philosophical literature on needs, identifies needs with the requirements for autonomous agency, which is the capacity to set and pursue (...)
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  43.  32
    Contingency awareness in evaluative conditioning: A comment on baeyens, eelen, and van den bergh.David R. Shanks & Anthony Dickinson - 1990 - Cognition and Emotion 4 (1):19-30.
  44.  62
    Ethical cognition of business students individually and in groups.Mohammad J. Abdolmohammadi, David R. L. Gabhart & M. Francis Reeves - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (16):1717-1725.
    This study provides evidence regarding the level of ethical cognition of business students at the entry to college as compared to a national norm. It also provides comparative evidence on the effects of group versus individual ethical cognition upon completion of a business ethics course. The Principled Score (P-score) from the Defining Issues Test (DIT) was used to measure the ethical cognition of a total sample of 301 business students (273 entering students plus 28 students in a business ethics course). (...)
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  45.  80
    Environmental Ethics: The Big Questions.David R. Keller (ed.) - 2010 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Through a series of multidisciplinary readings, Environmental Ethics: The Big Questions contextualizes environmental ethics within the history of Western intellectual tradition and traces the development of theory since the 1970s. Includes an extended introduction that provides an historical and thematic introduction to the field of environmental ethics Features a selection of brief original essays on why to study environmental ethics by leaders in the field Contextualizes environmental ethics within the history of the Western intellectual tradition by exploring anthropocentric (human–centered) and (...)
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  46.  90
    World, World‐entry, and realism in early Heidegger.David R. Cerbone - 1995 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 38 (4):401 – 421.
    Interpretations of Heidegger's Being and Time have tended to founder on the question of whether he is in the end a realist or an idealist, in part because of Heidegger's own rather enigmatic remarks on the subject. Many have thus depicted him as being in some way ambivalent, and so as holding on to an unstable combination of the two opposing positions. Recently, William Blattner has explained the apparent ambivalence by appealing to Kant's transcendental/empirical distinction. Although an ingenious reading of (...)
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  47.  27
    Ethical Ambiguity in Science.David R. Johnson & Elaine Howard Ecklund - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):989-1005.
    Drawing on 171 in-depth interviews with physicists at universities in the United States and the UK, this study examines the narratives of 48 physicists to explain the concept of ethical ambiguity: the border where legitimate and illegitimate conduct is blurred. Researchers generally assume that scientists agree on what constitutes both egregious and more routine forms of misconduct in science. The results of this study show that scientists perceive many scenarios as ethically gray, rather than black and white. Three orientations to (...)
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  48.  84
    Word Meaning and Montague Grammar. The Semantics of Verbs and Times in Generative Semantics and in Montague's PTQ.David R. Dowty - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):501-502.
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  49. How To Do Things With Wood: Wittgenstein, Frege, and the Problem of Illogical Thought.David R. Cerbone - 2000 - In Alice Crary & Rupert J. Read (eds.), The New Wittgenstein. Routledge. pp. 293--314.
     
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  50. Toward a semantic analysis of verb aspect and the English 'imperfective' progressive.David R. Dowty - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (1):45 - 77.
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