Results for 'Denise Vitale'

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  1. Between deliberative and participatory democracy: A contribution on Habermas.Denise Vitale - 2006 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 32 (6):739-766.
    Deliberative democracy has assumed a central role in the debate about deepening democratic practices in complex contemporary societies. By acknowledging the citizens as the main actors in the political process, political deliberation entails a strong ideal of participation that has not, however, been properly clarified. The main purpose of this article is to discuss, through Jürgen Habermas’ analysis of modernity, reason and democracy, whether and to what extent deliberative democracy and participatory democracy are compatible and how they can, either separately (...)
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  2.  13
    Ethics of pursuing targets in public health: the case of voluntary medical male circumcision for HIV-prevention programs in Kenya.Stuart Rennie, Adam Gilbertson, Denise Hallfors & Winnie K. Luseno - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):e51-e51.
    The use of targets to direct public health programmes, particularly in global initiatives, has become widely accepted and commonplace. This paper is an ethical analysis of the utilisation of targets in global public health using our fieldwork on and experiences with voluntary medical male circumcision initiatives in Kenya. Among the many countries involved in VMMC for HIV prevention, Kenya is considered a success story, its programmes having medically circumcised nearly 2 million men since 2007. We describe ethically problematic practices in (...)
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  3.  31
    The Voice Is As Mighty As the Pen: Integrating Conversations into Advance Care Planning.Kunal Bailoor, Leslie H. Kamil, Ed Goldman, Laura M. Napiewocki, Denise Winiarski, Christian J. Vercler & Andrew G. Shuman - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (2):185-191.
    Advance care planning allows patients to articulate preferences for their medical treatment, lifestyle, and surrogate decision-makers in order to anticipate and mitigate their potential loss of decision-making capacity. Written advance directives are often emphasized in this regard. While these directives contain important information, there are several barriers to consider: veracity and accuracy of surrogate decision-makers in making choices consistent with the substituted judgement standard, state-to-state variability in regulations, literacy issues, lack of access to legal resources, lack of understanding of medical (...)
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  4.  8
    The Differentiation of Self-Motion From External Motion Is a Prerequisite for Postural Control: A Narrative Review of Visual-Vestibular Interaction.Shikha Chaudhary, Nicola Saywell & Denise Taylor - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    The visual system is a source of sensory information that perceives environmental stimuli and interacts with other sensory systems to generate visual and postural responses to maintain postural stability. Although the three sensory systems; the visual, vestibular, and somatosensory systems work concurrently to maintain postural control, the visual and vestibular system interaction is vital to differentiate self-motion from external motion to maintain postural stability. The visual system influences postural control playing a key role in perceiving information required for this differentiation. (...)
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  5.  33
    Denise Levertov and the Poetry of Incarnation.Denise Lynch - 1997 - Renascence 50 (1-2):49-64.
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  6. Work Environment and Its Influence on Job Burnout and Organizational Commitment of BPO Agents.Denise Aleia Regoso, Anthony Perez, Joshua Simon Villanueva, Anna Monica Jose, Timothy James Esquillo, Ralph Lauren Agapito, Maria Ashley Garcia, Franchezka Ludovico & Jhoselle Tus - 2023 - Psychology and Education: A Multidisciplinary Journal 9 (1):951-961.
    Job burnout, organizational commitment, and work environment continue to be important areas of research to be studied in the realm of company employment and employee retention. Job burnout is the state of physical and emotional exhaustion and perceiving one’s profession as dull or overwhelming. Meanwhile, organizational commitment refers to the company’s attitude towards the organization and their employees, encompassing loyalty, moral responsibility, and their willingness to work. And lastly, work environment provides opportunities for employees to establish connections, develop skills, and (...)
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  7.  31
    Ethics Lessons From Seattle’s Early Experience With COVID-19.Denise M. Dudzinski, Benjamin Y. Hoisington & Crystal E. Brown - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):67-74.
    Ethics consultants and critical care clinicians reflect on Seattle’s early experience as the United States’ first epicenter of COVID-19. We discuss ethically salient issues confronted at UW Medicin...
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  8.  18
    Initiating technology dependence to sustain a child’s life: a systematic review of reasons.Denise Alexander, Mary Brigid Quirke, Jay Berry, Jessica Eustace-Cook, Piet Leroy, Kate Masterson, Martina Healy & Maria Brenner - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (12):1068-1075.
    BackgroundDecision-making in initiating life-sustaining health technology is complex and often conducted at time-critical junctures in clinical care. Many of these decisions have profound, often irreversible, consequences for the child and family, as well as potential benefits for functioning, health and quality of life. Yet little is known about what influences these decisions. A systematic review of reasoning identified the range of reasons clinicians give in the literature when initiating technology dependence in a child, and as a result helps determine the (...)
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  9.  5
    Postcolonial Criticism, Transnational Identifications and the Hegemonies of Dancehall's Academic and Popular Performativities.Denise Noble - 2008 - Feminist Review 90 (1):106-127.
    Despite the unprecedented freedoms that decolonization has brought for many Black1 people – especially in specific regions of the African Diaspora – freedom and its fulfilment, adequate signs and contested meanings remain a preoccupation within Black cultural discourses and practices. At the same time, while political and cultural nationalisms have led to greater political and civil rights, racism has not been eradicated. Furthermore, the new postcolonial globalizations of capital, people and cultures have destabilized the collective identities that framed twentieth-century struggles (...)
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  10.  6
    La spontaneità malata. Follia e patologia nella filosofia di Félix Ravaisson.Denise Vincenti - 2015 - Itinera 10.
    In Ravaisson’s philosophy, the concept of spontaneity refers to the first, basic and organic form of improvisation. Nature consists in fact of a rational law of development named habit, that regulates all movements, summarizing the external impulsions and the internal penchants in the form of spontaneous activity. However the insertion of spontaneity in nature determines the appearance of unpredictability and negativity in life’s productions, like organic and psychical pathologies. Ravaisson will try to show how this morbid spontaneity belongs to nature’s (...)
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  11. The inadequacy of instrumentalist theories of procedural justice.Denise Meyerson - 2021 - In Meyerson Denise, Catriona Mackenzie & Therese MacDermott (eds.), Procedural Justice and Relational Theory: Empirical, Philosophical, and Legal Perspectives. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  12.  11
    Discharging to the Street: When Patients Refuse Medically Safer Options.Denise M. Dudzinski, Jamie L. Shirley, Patsy D. Treece, James N. Kirkpatrick & Georgina D. Campelia - 2022 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 33 (2):92-100.
    The ethical obligation to provide a reasonably safe discharge option from the inpatient setting is often confounded by the context of homelessness. Living without the security of stable housing is a known determinant of poor health, often complicating the safety of discharge and causing unnecessary readmission. But clinicians do not have significant control over unjust distributions of resources or inadequate societal investment in social services. While physicians may stretch inpatient stays beyond acute care need in the interest of their patients (...)
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  13. Uzifozonke : healing the heart of curriculum in a South African university.Mukhtar Raban Denise Zinn, Nehemiah Latolla Jacqui Lück, Taryn Isaacs De Vega Noma China Kubashe & Lynn Biggs Eunice Champion - 2021 - In Kehdinga George Fomunyam & Simon Bheki Khoza (eds.), Curriculum Theory, Curriculum Theorising, and the Theoriser: The African Theorising Perspective. Boston: Brill | Sense.
  14.  3
    ‘Screwed for life’: Examining identification and division in addiction narratives.Denise Jodlowski, Barbara F. Sharf, Loralee Capistrano Nguyen, Paul Haidet & Lechauncy D. Woodard - 2007 - Communications 4 (1):15-26.
    In this study, we investigate the use of narrative in online conversations among persons suffering from chronic opiate addiction and evaluate both its positive and negative uses. Illness narratives, as argued by sociologist Arthur Frank and psychiatrist/medical anthropologist Arthur Kleinman, enable patients to give order to life experiences and receive support from others. We wished to explore under what circumstances online support coalesces and breaks apart. The narratives we examined exemplify two topics frequently discussed on the message board: the recovery (...)
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  15.  16
    The role of bioethics services in paediatric intensive care units: a qualitative descriptive study.Denise Alexander, Mary Quirke, Jo Greene, Lorna Cassidy, Carol Hilliard & Maria Brenner - 2024 - BMC Medical Ethics 25 (1):1-12.
    Background There is considerable variation in the functionality of bioethical services in different institutions and countries for children in hospital, despite new challenges due to increasing technology supports for children with serious illness and medical complexity. We aimed to understand how bioethics services address bioethical concerns that are increasingly encountered in paediatric intensive care. Methods A qualitative descriptive design was used to describe clinician’s perspectives on the functionality of clinical bioethics services for paediatric intensive care units. Clinicians who were members (...)
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  16.  4
    Ethical and Equity Guidance for Transplant Programs Considering Thoracoabdominal Normothermic Regional Perfusion (TA-NRP) for Procurement of Hearts.Denise M. Dudzinski, Jay D. Pal & James N. Kirkpatrick - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (6):16-26.
    Donation after circulatory determination of death (DCDD) is an accepted practice in the United States, but heart procurement under these circumstances has been debated. Although the practice is experiencing a resurgence due to the recently completed trials using ex vivo perfusion systems, interest in thoracoabdominal normothermic regional perfusion (TA-NRP), wherein the organs are reanimated in situ prior to procurement, has raised many ethical questions. We outline practical, ethical, and equity considerations to ensure transplant programs make well-informed decisions about TA-NRP. We (...)
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  17. A Systematic Literature Review of Servant Leadership Theory in Organizational Contexts.Denise Linda Parris & Jon Welty Peachey - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (3):377-393.
    A new research area linked to ethics, virtues, and morality is servant leadership. Scholars are currently seeking publication outlets as critics debate whether this new leadership theory is significantly distinct, viable, and valuable for organizational success. The aim of this study was to identify empirical studies that explored servant leadership theory by engaging a sample population in order to assess and synthesize the mechanisms, outcomes, and impacts of servant leadership. Thus, we sought to provide an evidence-informed answer to how does (...)
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  18.  12
    Embate Discursivo e Quebra Do Contrato Parresiástico Em Electra, de Eurípedes.Denise Gabriel Witzel & Nathalia Santos Camargo - 2023 - Prometeus: Filosofia em Revista 41.
    Na tragédia de Eurípides, Electra, ganha relevo um embate discursivo entre Electra e sua mãe Clitemnestra, no qual ocorre uma subversão do contrato parresiástico, segundo Foucault (2007). Focalizando precisamente essa subversão, propomo-nos retornar a uma história das mulheres na Grécia Antiga, a fim de compreendermos os atravessamentos que essas mulheres têm em suas relações com as verdades, rituais, preceitos e condutas que, por sua vez, são indicativos de suas construções enquanto sujeitos. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Discurso, História das Mulheres, Parresía.
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  19. Introduction : procedural justice in law, psychology, and philosophy.Denise Meyerson, Catriona Mackenzie & Therese MacDermott - 2021 - In Meyerson Denise, Catriona Mackenzie & Therese MacDermott (eds.), Procedural Justice and Relational Theory: Empirical, Philosophical, and Legal Perspectives. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  20.  20
    O trabalhador voluntário e seus sentimentos ante a doença eo sofrimento.Denise Zanatta & María Piedad Rangel Meneses - 2006 - Aletheia: An International Journal of Philosophy 23:113-121.
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  21.  28
    O trabalhador voluntário e seus sentimentos ante a doença e o sofrimento.Denise Zanatta & María Piedad Rangel Meneses - 2006 - Aletheia: An International Journal of Philosophy 23:113-121.
    O presente estudo é resultado da experiência de uma das ações de estágio profissionalizante em Psicologia Social Comunitária, realizada através de uma pesquisa-intervenção que teve como objetivo o fortalecimento de um grupo de voluntários da região noroeste do estado do Rio Grande do Sul para facili..
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  22.  20
    Does sentential prosody help infants organize and remember speech information?Denise R. Mandel, Peter W. Jusczyk & Deborah G. Kemler Nelson - 1994 - Cognition 53 (2):155-180.
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  23.  5
    Galileis Fernrohr und das Menschen-Bild: Technologie, Utopie und Angewandte Ethik in der Medizin.Denise Battaglia - 2021 - Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG.
    The new biotechnologies have triggered profound questions about what it means to be human, as the debates about ‘our’ image of humans show. How we deal with human life before birth or with individuals at the end of life affects our self-image. We have delegated these dilemmas to applied ethics, which, however, avoids anthropological questions. This book attempts to identify the crisis in our present self-understanding in the context of the last 500 years and scientific images of man. It shows (...)
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  24.  12
    Sacred legacies: healing your past and creating a positive future.Denise Linn - 1999 - New York: Ballantine Wellspring.
    "Healing the past helps restructure the present, which then becomes the hope for the future." As we approach a new millennium, many of us are fearing for the future while hungering for a vision of our place in a sacred whole. The immense changes of the last hundred years have severed our sense of connection to a spiritual lineage that gave past generations the strength to meet life's challenges and bequeath wisdom to their descendants. In this inspirational yet down-to-earth book, (...)
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  25.  34
    Does everybody do it? Hierarchically organized sequential activity in robots, birds and monkeys.Denise Piñon & Patricia M. Greenfield - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):361-365.
  26. Conditional reasoning and causation.Denise D. Cummins & Todd Lubart - unknown
    An experiment was conducted to investigate the relative contributions of syntactic form and content to conditional reasoning. The content domain chosen was that of causation. Conditional statements that described causal relationships (if (cause>, then (effect>) were embedded in simple arguments whose entailments are governed by the rules -oftruth-functional logic (i.e., modus ponens, modus tollens, denying the antecedent, and affirming the consequent). The causal statements differed in terms ofthe number of alternative causes and disabling conditions that characterized the causal relationship. (A (...)
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  27.  98
    Evidence for the innateness of deontic reasoning.Denise Dellarosa Cummins - 1996 - Mind and Language 11 (2):160-90.
    When reasoning about deontic rules (what one may, should, or should not do in a given set of circumstances), reasoners adopt a violation‐detection strategy, a strategy they do not adopt when reasoning about indicative rules (descriptions of purported state of affairs). I argue that this indicative‐deontic distinction constitutes a primitive in the cognitive architecture. To support this claim, I show that this distinction emerges early in development, is observed regardless of the cultural background of the reasoner, and can be selectively (...)
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  28.  8
    Becoming more fully human.Denise Ackermann - 2011 - In John W. De Gruchy (ed.), The Humanist Imperative in South Africa. African Sun Media. pp. 67.
  29.  23
    Paradigms of Justice: Redistribution, Recognition, and Beyond.Denise Celentano & Luigi Caranti - 2020 - Routledge India.
    "This book explores the relation between two key paradigms in the contemporary discourse on justice. Partly inspired by the debate between Nancy Fraser and Axel Honneth, it investigates whether the two paradigms, redistribution and recognition, are complementary, mutually exclusive, insufficient or essentially inadequate accounts of justice. Combining insights from the traditions of critical social theory and analytical political philosophy, the volume offers a multifaceted exploration of this incredibly inspiring conceptual couple from a plurality of perspectives. The chapters engage with concepts (...)
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  30. Educative experiences in early childhood : lessons from Dewey.Denise D. Cunningham & Donna Adair Breault - 2017 - In Lynn E. Cohen & Sandra Waite-Stupiansky (eds.), Theories of early childhood education: developmental, behaviorist, and critical. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  31.  16
    The Need for Praxis in Combating the Race Idea in Bioethics: Theory, Reflection, and Action.Denise M. Dudzinski & Kayhan Parsi - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (3):4-5.
    The target article by Camisha Russell continues the important discussion about race, racism and bioethics that has appeared in AJOB for the past few years. Russell critically examines how un...
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  32.  49
    Causal effects of regulatory, organizational and personal factors on ethical sensitivity.Denise M. Patterson - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (2):123 - 159.
    Prior researchers have studied individual components of a theoretical decision-making model. This paper presents the results of a more complete study of the model components and presents limited support of theory. The study examines the relative importance of regulatory, organizational, and personal constructs on an individual''s ethical sensitivity. Auditors from the major international accounting firms, located in two southeastern cities, are surveyed. Structural equation modeling is used to allow for the simultaneous evaluation of the three constructs of interest. The results (...)
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  33. Radical feminism today.Denise Thompson - 2001 - London: SAGE.
    Radical Feminism Today offers a timely and engaging account of exactly what feminism is, and what it is not. Author Denise Thompson questions much of what has come to be taken for granted as `feminism' and points to the limitations of implicitly defining feminism in terms of `women', `gender', `difference' or `race//gender//class'. She challenges some of the most widely accepted ideas about feminism and in doing so opens up a number of hitheto closed debates, allowing for the possibility of (...)
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  34.  32
    Foucault and nursing: a history of the present.Denise Gastaldo & Dave Holmes - 1999 - Nursing Inquiry 6 (4):231-240.
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  35.  24
    Mediating the meaning of evidence through epistemological diversity.Denise Tarlier - 2005 - Nursing Inquiry 12 (2):126-134.
    Mediating the meaning of evidence through epistemological diversity Nursing's disciplinary recognition of ‘multiple ways of knowing’ reflects an epistemological diversity that supports nursing praxis. Nursing as praxis offers a conceptual way to explore what it is about the interface of practice, knowledge and evidence in nursing that distinguishes us as a discipline. I suggest that the relationship between evidence and knowledge is defined and mediated by the same epistemological diversity that supports nursing as praxis. Just as the meaning and truth‐value (...)
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  36.  43
    Pediatric Research and the Return of Individual Research Results.Denise Avard, Karine Sénécal, Parvaz Madadi & Daniel Sinnett - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (4):593-604.
    The return of individual research results to participants raises many socio-ethical issues and is even more challenging when the participant is a child. The objective of this article is to present an overview of the few ethical guidelines and relevant literature addressing the return of individual results in pediatric research. By reviewing policies and the literature, we present some overarching considerations and delineate contextual issues in order to propose a framework.
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  37. Are You Awed Yet? How Virtual Reality Gives Us Awe and Goose Bumps.Denise Quesnel & Bernhard E. Riecke - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  38.  74
    Virtuous Construal: In Defense of Silencing.Denise Vigani - 2019 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 5 (2):229-245.
    Over several articles, John McDowell sketches an analogy between virtue and perception, whereby the virtuous person sees situations in a distinctive way, a way that explains her virtuous behavior. Central to this view is his notion of silencing, a psychological phenomenon in which certain considerations fail to operate as reasons in a virtuous person's practical reasoning. Despite its influence on many prominent virtue ethicists, McDowell's ‘silencing view’ has been criticized as psychologically unrealistic. In this article, I defend a silencing view (...)
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  39.  29
    Innovative Surgery and the Precautionary Principle.Denise Meyerson - 2013 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (6):jht047.
    Surgical innovation involves practices, such as new devices, technologies, procedures, or applications, which are novel and untested. Although innovative practices are believed to offer an improvement on the standard surgical approach, they may prove to be inefficacious or even dangerous. This article considers how surgeons considering innovation should reason in the conditions of uncertainty that characterize innovative surgery. What attitude to the unknown risks of innovative surgery should they take? The answer to this question involves value judgments about the acceptability (...)
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  40.  39
    Beyond Silencing: Virtue, Subjective Construal, and Reasoning Practically.Denise Vigani - 2021 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 99 (4):748-760.
    ABSTRACT In the contemporary philosophical literature, ideal virtue is often accused of setting a standard more appropriate for saints or gods than for human beings. In this paper, I undermine divinity-infused depictions of the fully virtuous, and argue that ideal virtue is, indeed, human. I focus on the virtuous person’s imperviousness to temptation, and contend that this imperviousness is not as psychologically implausible as it might seem. I argue that it is a virtuous person’s subjective construal of a situation that (...)
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  41. Biological preparedness and evolutionary explanation.Denise D. Cummins & Robert C. Cummins - 1999 - Cognition 73 (3):B37-B53.
    It is commonly supposed that evolutionary explanations of cognitive phenomena involve the assumption that the capacities to be explained are both innate and modular. This is understandable: independent selection of a trait requires that it be both heritable and largely decoupled from other `nearby' traits. Cognitive capacities realized as innate modules would certainly satisfy these contraints. A viable evolutionary cognitive psychology, however, requires neither extreme nativism nor modularity, though it is consistent with both. In this paper, we seek to show (...)
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  42.  8
    Rousseau on Education, Freedom, and Judgment.Denise Schaeffer - 2014 - University Park, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press.
    In R_ousseau on Education, Freedom, and Judgment_, Denise Schaeffer challenges the common view of Rousseau as primarily concerned with conditioning citizens’ passions in order to promote republican virtue and unreflective patriotic attachment to the fatherland. Schaeffer argues that, to the contrary, Rousseau’s central concern is the problem of judgment and how to foster it on both the individual and political level in order to create the conditions for genuine self-rule. Offering a detailed commentary on Rousseau’s major work on education, (...)
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  43.  51
    False consciousness.Denise Meyerson - 1991 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book is a contribution both to analytical philosophy of mind, and to Marxist philosophy. Marxists see pervasive irrationality in the conduct of human affairs, and claim that people in a class-divided society are prone to a variety of misconceptions. They say that we can suffer from "false consciousness" in our views about what inspires our behavior and in our judgments as to what is good for us. Meyerson uses the techniques of analytic philosophy to investigate this picture and argues (...)
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  44. Apontamentos Teórico-Metodológicos da Pesquisa em História da Educação: O Método Materialista Histórico-Dialético.Denise Kloeckner Sbardelotto, Adair Angelo Dalarosa & Maria Isabel Moura Nascimento - 2009 - Quaestio: Revista de Estudos Em Educação 11 (1).
     
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  45.  82
    Dominance hierarchies and the evolution of human reasoning.Denise Dellarosa Cummins - 1996 - Minds and Machines 6 (4):463-480.
    Research from ethology and evolutionary biology indicates the following about the evolution of reasoning capacity. First, solving problems of social competition and cooperation have direct impact on survival rates and reproductive success. Second, the social structure that evolved from this pressure is the dominance hierarchy. Third, primates that live in large groups with complex dominance hierarchies also show greater neocortical development, and concomitantly greater cognitive capacity. These facts suggest that the necessity of reasoning effectively about dominance hierarchies left an indelible (...)
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  46.  29
    Different Loci of Semantic Interference in Picture Naming vs. Word-Picture Matching Tasks.Denise Y. Harvey & Tatiana T. Schnur - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  47.  7
    Rescue Ink: how ten guys saved countless dogs and cats, twelve horses, five pigs, one duck, and a few turtles.Denise Flaim - 2009 - New York: Viking Press.
    The true story of ten tough and tattooed bikers who rescue animals in danger Using their combined 1700 pounds of muscle, Joe, Johnny O, Batso, Big Ant, G, Angel, Eric, Des, Bruce and Robert stop at nothing within the bounds of the law to save animals, be they furred, feathered, or scaled, from life-or-death situations throughout the New York City metropolitan area. Working from tips from concerned neighbors and anonymous sources, they have rescued countless animals, including a dognapped bulldog and (...)
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  48.  22
    Milton's Aesthetics of Eating.Denise Gigante - 2000 - Diacritics 30 (2):88-112.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:diacritics 30.2 (2000) 88-112 [Access article in PDF] Milton's Aesthetics Of Eating Denise Gigante It is not a little curious that, with the exception of Ben Jonson (and he did not speak gravely about it so often), the poet in our own country who has written with the greatest gusto on the subject of eating is Milton. He omits none of the pleasures of the palate, great or (...)
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  49. How the social environment shaped the evolution of mind.Denise Dellarosa Cummins - 2000 - Synthese 122 (1-2):3 - 28.
    Dominance hierarchies are ubiquitous in the societies of human and non-human animals. Evidence from comparative, developmental, and cognitive psychological investigations is presented that show how social dominance hierarchies shaped the evolution of the human mind, and hence, human social institutions. It is argued that the pressures that arise from living in hierarchical social groups laid a foundation of fundamental concepts and cognitive strategies that are crucial to surviving in social dominance hierarchies. These include recognizing and reasoning transitively about dominance relations, (...)
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  50.  37
    Why animal ethics committees don't work.Denise Russell - 2012 - Between the Species 15 (1).
    Animal ethics committees have been set up in many countries as a way to scrutinize animal experimentation and to assure the public that if animals are used in research then it is for a worthwhile cause and suffering is kept to a minimum. The ideals of Refinement, Reduction and Replacement are commonly upheld. However while refinement and reduction receive much attention in animal ethics committees the replacement of animals is much more difficult to incorporate into the committees’ deliberations. At least (...)
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