Results for 'Denise Vitale'

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  1. Between Deliberative and Participatory Democracy: A Contribution on Habermas.Denise Vitale - 2006 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 32 (6):739-766.
    Deliberative democracy has assumed a central role in the debate about deepening democratic practices in complex contemporary societies. By acknowledging the citizens as the main actors in the political process, political deliberation entails a strong ideal of participation that has not, however, been properly clarified. The main purpose of this article is to discuss, through Jürgen Habermas’ analysis of modernity, reason and democracy, whether and to what extent deliberative democracy and participatory democracy are compatible and how they can, either separately (...)
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  2.  14
    The Voice Is As Mighty As the Pen: Integrating Conversations Into Advance Care Planning.Kunal Bailoor, Leslie H. Kamil, Ed Goldman, Laura M. Napiewocki, Denise Winiarski, Christian J. Vercler & Andrew G. Shuman - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (2):185-191.
    Advance care planning allows patients to articulate preferences for their medical treatment, lifestyle, and surrogate decision-makers in order to anticipate and mitigate their potential loss of decision-making capacity. Written advance directives are often emphasized in this regard. While these directives contain important information, there are several barriers to consider: veracity and accuracy of surrogate decision-makers in making choices consistent with the substituted judgement standard, state-to-state variability in regulations, literacy issues, lack of access to legal resources, lack of understanding of medical (...)
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  3.  4
    Ethics of Pursuing Targets in Public Health: The Case of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision for HIV-Prevention Programs in Kenya.Stuart Rennie, Adam Gilbertson, Denise Hallfors & Winnie K. Luseno - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):51-51.
    The use of targets to direct public health programmes, particularly in global initiatives, has become widely accepted and commonplace. This paper is an ethical analysis of the utilisation of targets in global public health using our fieldwork on and experiences with voluntary medical male circumcision initiatives in Kenya. Among the many countries involved in VMMC for HIV prevention, Kenya is considered a success story, its programmes having medically circumcised nearly 2 million men since 2007. We describe ethically problematic practices in (...)
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  4.  21
    Denise Levertov and the Poetry of Incarnation.Denise Lynch - 1997 - Renascence 50 (1-2):49-64.
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  5.  53
    Julian of Norwich's "Showings": From Vision to Book.Denise Nowakowski Baker.Denise Despres - 1997 - Speculum 72 (1):105-106.
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  6. A Systematic Literature Review of Servant Leadership Theory in Organizational Contexts.Denise Linda Parris & Jon Welty Peachey - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (3):377-393.
    A new research area linked to ethics, virtues, and morality is servant leadership. Scholars are currently seeking publication outlets as critics debate whether this new leadership theory is significantly distinct, viable, and valuable for organizational success. The aim of this study was to identify empirical studies that explored servant leadership theory by engaging a sample population in order to assess and synthesize the mechanisms, outcomes, and impacts of servant leadership. Thus, we sought to provide an evidence-informed answer to how does (...)
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  7. Conditional Reasoning and Causation.Denise D. Cummins & Todd Lubart - unknown
    An experiment was conducted to investigate the relative contributions of syntactic form and content to conditional reasoning. The content domain chosen was that of causation. Conditional statements that described causal relationships (if (cause>, then (effect>) were embedded in simple arguments whose entailments are governed by the rules -oftruth-functional logic (i.e., modus ponens, modus tollens, denying the antecedent, and affirming the consequent). The causal statements differed in terms ofthe number of alternative causes and disabling conditions that characterized the causal relationship. (A (...)
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  8.  16
    Managing Vice. [REVIEW]Denise Vigani - 2020 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 23 (5):871-874.
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  9.  78
    Evidence for the Innateness of Deontic Reasoning.Denise Dellarosa Cummins - 1996 - Mind and Language 11 (2):160-90.
  10.  15
    Ethics Lessons From Seattle’s Early Experience With COVID-19.Denise M. Dudzinski, Benjamin Y. Hoisington & Crystal E. Brown - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):67-74.
    Ethics consultants and critical care clinicians reflect on Seattle’s early experience as the United States’ first epicenter of COVID-19. We discuss ethically salient issues confronted at UW Medicin...
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  11.  23
    Does Everybody Do It? Hierarchically Organized Sequential Activity in Robots, Birds and Monkeys.Denise Piñon & Patricia M. Greenfield - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):361-365.
  12.  44
    Virtuous Construal: In Defense of Silencing.Denise Vigani - 2019 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 5 (2):229-245.
    Over several articles, John McDowell sketches an analogy between virtue and perception, whereby the virtuous person sees situations in a distinctive way, a way that explains her virtuous behavior. Central to this view is his notion of silencing, a psychological phenomenon in which certain considerations fail to operate as reasons in a virtuous person's practical reasoning. Despite its influence on many prominent virtue ethicists, McDowell's ‘silencing view’ has been criticized as psychologically unrealistic. In this article, I defend a silencing view (...)
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  13.  24
    Hemodynamic Response Pattern of Spatial Cueing is Different for Social and Symbolic Cues.Denise Elfriede Liesa Lockhofen, Harald Gruppe, Christoph Ruprecht, Bernd Gallhofer & Gebhard Sammer - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  14.  33
    Causal Effects of Regulatory, Organizational and Personal Factors on Ethical Sensitivity.Denise M. Patterson - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (2):123 - 159.
    Prior researchers have studied individual components of a theoretical decision-making model. This paper presents the results of a more complete study of the model components and presents limited support of theory. The study examines the relative importance of regulatory, organizational, and personal constructs on an individual''s ethical sensitivity. Auditors from the major international accounting firms, located in two southeastern cities, are surveyed. Structural equation modeling is used to allow for the simultaneous evaluation of the three constructs of interest. The results (...)
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  15. Why Are Children in the Same Family so Different From One Another?Robert Plomin & Denise Daniels - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (1):1-16.
  16.  37
    Terminology Matters: A Critical Exploration of Corporate Social Responsibility Terms. [REVIEW]Denise Baden & Ian A. Harwood - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 116 (3):615-627.
    The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance and impact of terminology used to describe corporate social responsibility (CSR). Through a review of key literature and concepts, we uncover how the economic business case has become the dominant driver behind CSR action. With reference to the literature on semiotics, connotative meaning and social marketing we explore how the terminology itself may have facilitated this co-opting of an ethical concept by economic interests. The broader issue of moral muteness and (...)
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  17.  12
    Are You Awed Yet? How Virtual Reality Gives Us Awe and Goose Bumps.Denise Quesnel & Bernhard E. Riecke - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  18.  16
    Is Sharing Specific Autobiographical Memories a Distinct Form of Self-Disclosure?Denise R. Beike, Nicole R. Brandon & Holly E. Cole - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (4):434-450.
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  19.  19
    Medical Negligence Determinations, the “Right to Try,” and Expanded Access to Innovative Treatments.Denise Meyerson - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (3):385-400.
    This article considers the issue of expanded access to innovative treatments in the context of recent legislative initiatives in the United Kingdom and the United States. In the United Kingdom, the supporters of legislative change argued that the common law principles governing medical negligence are a barrier to innovation. In an attempt to remove this perceived impediment, two bills proposed that innovating doctors sued for negligence should be able to rely in their defence on the fact that their decision to (...)
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  20.  16
    Fairness and Equal Recognition.Denise G. Réaume - 2017 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 20 (1):63-74.
  21.  11
    Innovative Surgery and the Precautionary Principle.Denise Meyerson - 2013 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (6):jht047.
    Surgical innovation involves practices, such as new devices, technologies, procedures, or applications, which are novel and untested. Although innovative practices are believed to offer an improvement on the standard surgical approach, they may prove to be inefficacious or even dangerous. This article considers how surgeons considering innovation should reason in the conditions of uncertainty that characterize innovative surgery. What attitude to the unknown risks of innovative surgery should they take? The answer to this question involves value judgments about the acceptability (...)
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  22.  13
    Foucault and Nursing: A History of the Present.Denise Gastaldo & Dave Holmes - 1999 - Nursing Inquiry 6 (4):231-240.
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  23.  63
    Health, Vital Goals, and Central Human Capabilities.Sridhar Venkatapuram - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (5):271-279.
    I argue for a conception of health as a person's ability to achieve or exercise a cluster of basic human activities. These basic activities are in turn specified through free-standing ethical reasoning about what constitutes a minimal conception of a human life with equal human dignity in the modern world. I arrive at this conception of health by closely following and modifying Lennart Nordenfelt's theory of health which presents health as the ability to achieve vital goals. Despite its strengths I (...)
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  24.  13
    Does Sentential Prosody Help Infants Organize and Remember Speech Information?Denise R. Mandel, Peter W. Jusczyk & Deborah G. Kemler Nelson - 1994 - Cognition 53 (2):155-180.
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  25.  2
    Sacred Legacies: Healing Your Past and Creating a Positive Future.Denise Linn - 1999 - Ballantine Wellspring.
    "Healing the past helps restructure the present, which then becomes the hope for the future." As we approach a new millennium, many of us are fearing for the future while hungering for a vision of our place in a sacred whole. The immense changes of the last hundred years have severed our sense of connection to a spiritual lineage that gave past generations the strength to meet life's challenges and bequeath wisdom to their descendants. In this inspirational yet down-to-earth book, (...)
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  26.  78
    Is Patience a Virtue?Denise Vigani - 2017 - Journal of Value Inquiry 51 (2):327-340.
    There are significant challenges to developing a neo-Aristotelian account of a virtue of patience. First, on an Aristotelian understanding, virtue is both instrumentally good and good in itself. Yet exclusively instrumental views of patience are pervasive in the philosophical literature. Furthermore, these instrumental views present patience as more like a psychological skill than a virtue of character. Skills, however, can be misused. If patience is to be a virtue, its account must entail goodness in its possessor. Finally, there is the (...)
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  27. Biological Preparedness and Evolutionary Explanation.Denise D. Cummins & Robert C. Cummins - 1999 - Cognition 73 (3):B37-B53.
    It is commonly supposed that evolutionary explanations of cognitive phenomena involve the assumption that the capacities to be explained are both innate and modular. This is understandable: independent selection of a trait requires that it be both heritable and largely decoupled from other `nearby' traits. Cognitive capacities realized as innate modules would certainly satisfy these contraints. A viable evolutionary cognitive psychology, however, requires neither extreme nativism nor modularity, though it is consistent with both. In this paper, we seek to show (...)
     
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  28.  14
    False Consciousness.Denise Meyerson - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
    This book is a contribution both to analytical philosophy of mind, and to Marxist philosophy. Marxists see pervasive irrationality in the conduct of human affairs, and claim that people in a class-divided society are prone to a variety of misconceptions. They say that we can suffer from "false consciousness" in our views about what inspires our behavior and in our judgments as to what is good for us. Meyerson uses the techniques of analytic philosophy to investigate this picture and argues (...)
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  29. Radical Feminism Today.Denise Thompson - 2001 - Sage Publications.
    Radical Feminism Today offers a timely and engaging account of exactly what feminism is, and what it is not. Author Denise Thompson questions much of what has come to be taken for granted as `feminism' and points to the limitations of implicitly defining feminism in terms of `women', `gender', `difference' or `race//gender//class'. She challenges some of the most widely accepted ideas about feminism and in doing so opens up a number of hitheto closed debates, allowing for the possibility of (...)
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  30.  14
    The Three Dimensions of Sustainability: A Delicate Balancing Act for Entrepreneurs Made More Complex by Stakeholder Expectations.Denise Fischer, Malte Brettel & René Mauer - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 163 (1):87-106.
    Previous research on sustainable entrepreneurship has mainly aimed to understand the antecedents of entrepreneurs’ sustainability-oriented behavior. Yet the literature lacks a more nuanced understanding of how entrepreneurs implement sustainability strategies when creating a new venture. Drawing on sustainability concepts, we first examine how entrepreneurs balance the economic, environmental, and social dimensions as part of their ventures’ strategic ambitions. We show that sustainable entrepreneurs prioritize the three sustainability dimensions and possibly reprioritize them in response to stakeholder interests. Applying a stakeholder theory (...)
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  31.  4
    The Influence of Sample Size on Parameter Estimates in Three-Level Random-Effects Models.Denise Kerkhoff & Fridtjof W. Nussbeck - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  32.  66
    Automation, Labour Justice, and Equality.Denise Celentano - 2019 - Ethics and Social Welfare 13 (1):33-50.
  33.  22
    Is There a Right to Access Innovative Surgery?Denise Meyerson - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (5):342-352.
    Demands for access to experimental therapies are frequently framed in the language of rights. This article examines the justifiability of such demands in the specific context of surgical innovations, these being promising but non-validated and potentially risky departures from standard surgical practices. I argue that there is a right to access innovative surgery, drawing analogies with other generally accepted rights in medicine, such as the right not to be forcibly treated, to buy contraceptives, and to choose to have an abortion, (...)
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  34. Role of Analogical Reasoning in the Induction of Problem Categories.Denise Dellarosa Cummins - unknown
    The purpose of the work reported here was to investigate the role of problem comparison and, specifically, analogical comparison in the induction of problem categories. This work was motivated by two factors. First, it is well-documented that experts and novices represent problems in very different ways and that solution success often depends on producing expert-like problem representations (DeGroot, 1965; Duncker, 1945; Chi, Feltovich, & Glaser, 1981; Hardiman, Dufresne, & Mestre, 1989; Novick, 1988; Schoenfeld & Herrmann, 1982; Silver, 1979, 1981). Second, (...)
     
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  35.  39
    Pediatric Research and the Return of Individual Research Results.Denise Avard, Karine Sénécal, Parvaz Madadi & Daniel Sinnett - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (4):593-604.
    The return of individual research results to participants raises many socio-ethical issues and is even more challenging when the participant is a child. The objective of this article is to present an overview of the few ethical guidelines and relevant literature addressing the return of individual results in pediatric research. By reviewing policies and the literature, we present some overarching considerations and delineate contextual issues in order to propose a framework.
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  36.  16
    Different Loci of Semantic Interference in Picture Naming Vs. Word-Picture Matching Tasks.Denise Y. Harvey & Tatiana T. Schnur - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  37.  13
    Mediating the Meaning of Evidence Through Epistemological Diversity.Denise Tarlier - 2005 - Nursing Inquiry 12 (2):126-134.
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  38. Untangling the Conceptual Issues Raised in Reydon and Scholz’s Critique of Organizational Ecology and Darwinian Populations.Denise E. Dollimore - 2014 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (3):282-315.
    Reydon and Scholz raise doubts about the Darwinian status of organizational ecology by arguing that Darwinian principles are not applicable to organizational populations. Although their critique of organizational ecology’s typological essentialism is correct, they go on to reject the Darwinian status of organizational populations. This paper claims that the replicator-interactor distinction raised in modern philosophy of biology but overlooked for discussion by Reydon and Scholz provides a way forward. It is possible to conceptualize evolving Darwinian populations providing that the inheritance (...)
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  39.  73
    Beyond Caring: The Moral and Ethical Bases of Responsive Nurse-Patient Relationships.Denise S. Tarlier - 2004 - Nursing Philosophy 5 (3):230-241.
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  40. How the Social Environment Shaped the Evolution of Mind.Denise Dellarosa Cummins - 2000 - Synthese 122 (1-2):3 - 28.
    Dominance hierarchies are ubiquitous in the societies of human and non-human animals. Evidence from comparative, developmental, and cognitive psychological investigations is presented that show how social dominance hierarchies shaped the evolution of the human mind, and hence, human social institutions. It is argued that the pressures that arise from living in hierarchical social groups laid a foundation of fundamental concepts and cognitive strategies that are crucial to surviving in social dominance hierarchies. These include recognizing and reasoning transitively about dominance relations, (...)
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  41.  26
    Procedural Justice and the Law.Denise Meyerson & Catriona Mackenzie - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (12):e12548.
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  42.  12
    Pediatric Research and the Return of Individual Research Results.Denise Avard, Karine Sénécal, Parvaz Madadi & Daniel Sinnett - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (4):593-604.
    As a matter of respect for the person, it is considered an ethical duty to offer to return research results to participants where appropriate. Nevertheless, the return of individual research results to participants raises many socio-ethical issues and greater challenges when the participant is a child. This discrepancy arises partly because the return of individual pediatric research results entails a tripartite relationship between researcher, child, and parent and is embroiled in numerous considerations.Extra caution is required in the pediatric research context (...)
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  43.  22
    Beyond Silencing: Virtue, Subjective Construal, and Reasoning Practically.Denise Vigani - 2021 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 99 (4):748-760.
    ABSTRACT In the contemporary philosophical literature, ideal virtue is often accused of setting a standard more appropriate for saints or gods than for human beings. In this paper, I undermine divinity-infused depictions of the fully virtuous, and argue that ideal virtue is, indeed, human. I focus on the virtuous person’s imperviousness to temptation, and contend that this imperviousness is not as psychologically implausible as it might seem. I argue that it is a virtuous person’s subjective construal of a situation that (...)
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  44.  23
    White Privilege and Playing It Safe.Denise M. Dudzinski - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (6):4-5.
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  45.  14
    Emotional Impacts of Participation in an Australian National Survey on Mental Health-Related Discrimination.Denise P. W. Tan, Amy J. Morgan, Anthony F. Jorm & Nicola J. Reavley - 2019 - Ethics and Behavior 29 (6):438-458.
    Institutional Review Boards have expressed concern that research into sensitive topics such as mental disorder will cause participants undue distress. This study investigated the emotional responses of 5,220 Australians to a survey on mental-health-related discrimination. Participants were interviewed about their mental health and experiences of discrimination across 10 life domains and then the emotional impacts of the survey. Results suggested that a minority experienced a negative reaction in contrast to 88% reporting positive experiences. A mental health problem was associated with (...)
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  46.  62
    Dominance Hierarchies and the Evolution of Human Reasoning.Denise Dellarosa Cummins - 1996 - Minds and Machines 6 (4):463-480.
    Research from ethology and evolutionary biology indicates the following about the evolution of reasoning capacity. First, solving problems of social competition and cooperation have direct impact on survival rates and reproductive success. Second, the social structure that evolved from this pressure is the dominance hierarchy. Third, primates that live in large groups with complex dominance hierarchies also show greater neocortical development, and concomitantly greater cognitive capacity. These facts suggest that the necessity of reasoning effectively about dominance hierarchies left an indelible (...)
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  47.  53
    Aristotle's Account of Courage.Denise Vigani - 2017 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 34 (4):313-330.
    Aristotle’s account of courage in the Nicomachean Ethics leaves readers with several unresolved issues. In this paper, I draw out three: 1) questions regarding the scope of the virtue; 2) the extent to which, or even if, the courageous experience fear; and 3) if—and if so, how—Aristotle’s distinction between virtue and continence might hold in the case of courage. I argue that there are good reasons to extend the scope of courage beyond the battlefield and risk of life and limb, (...)
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  48.  9
    Francis Bacon and the Germans: Stories From When 'Science Meant 'Wissenschaft.Denise Phillips - 2015 - History of Science 53 (4):378-394.
    Given that translation is always an imperfect process, why do people single out certain words as simply untranslatable? This article looks at one such supposedly untranslatable term, the German word Wissenschaft. Rather than take the word’s status as a given, it examines the historical processes through which Wissenschaft came to be seen as a word impossible to render into English. The article examines a mid-nineteenth century debate about Francis Bacon to show that as late as the 1860s “science” and “ (...)
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  49.  2
    First Steps: Inclusive or Exclusive?Denise M. Dudzinski - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (3):6-8.
    Volume 20, Issue 3, March 2020, Page 6-8.
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  50.  21
    Why Animal Ethics Committees Don't Work.Denise Russell - 2012 - Between the Species 15 (1).
    Animal ethics committees have been set up in many countries as a way to scrutinize animal experimentation and to assure the public that if animals are used in research then it is for a worthwhile cause and suffering is kept to a minimum. The ideals of Refinement, Reduction and Replacement are commonly upheld. However while refinement and reduction receive much attention in animal ethics committees the replacement of animals is much more difficult to incorporate into the committees’ deliberations. At least (...)
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