Results for 'George E. Panichas'

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  1. An Intrusion Theory of Privacy.George E. Panichas - 2014 - Res Publica 20 (2):145-161.
    This paper offers a general theory of privacy, a theory that takes privacy to consist in being free from certain kinds of intrusions. On this understanding, privacy interests are distinct and distinguishable from those in solitude, anonymity, and property, for example, or from the fact that others possess, with neither consent nor permission, personal information about oneself. Privacy intrusions have both epistemic and psychological components, and can range in value from relatively trivial considerations to those of profound consequence for an (...)
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  2.  7
    Marx Analysed: Philosophical Essays on the Thought of Karl Marx.George E. Panichas - 1985 - University Press of America.
    This collection includes an Introduction and nine articles by contemporary scholars writing on essential topics in Marx’s thought. The topics include: Marx’s theory of history and historical development, his theories of alienation and economic exploitation, his views on ideology, and his critique of justice (including distributive justice) and rights. These essays emphasize the value—specifically with respect to issues in social, moral, and political philosophy—of textually self-conscious, scrupulously analytic investigations of Marx’s work. They afford clarification and elucidation of many of Marx’s (...)
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  3. Hume's Theory of Property.George E. Panichas - 1983 - Archiv Fur Rechts - Und Sozialphilosphie 69 (3):391-405.
    This article starts by identifying the phenomena that Hume thought to explain the need, hence utility, of a rudimentary system of property. Then, and prominently, it considers Hume’s arguments for believing that only a system of private property is justifiable. Hume argues that only in a society with adequate but not absolute abundance and altruism does property have a point or purpose. Property’s basic job, then, is that of addressing conflict and disagreement among persons of limited altruism and means, and (...)
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  4.  30
    Marx's Moral Skepticism.George E. Panichas - 1981 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 7 (Marx and Morality):45-66.
    This paper considers the theoretical and methodological origins of Marx's beliefs and attitudes towards classical moral theories and then their implications for two basic questions: (1) In what way, if any, was Marx suspicious and dismissive of classical moral theories (e.g., utilitarianism or Kantianism), and (2) what sort of moral theory can a proponent of Marx's moral views support? Here it is argued that there is a clear sense in which Marx would not have been automatically suspicious of moral ideas, (...)
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  5. The structure of basic human rights.George E. Panichas - 1985 - Law and Philosophy 4 (3):343 - 375.
    This paper offers a theory of the structure of basic human rights which is both compatible with and clarificatory of the traditional conception of such rights. A central contention of the theory is that basic rights are structurally different from other kinds of moral rights, such as special rights, because of differences both in the way in which basic rights have content and the model on which basic rights are correlative with duties. This contention is exploited to develop and defend (...)
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  6. Being Unfree to and Being Unfree.George E. Panichas - 1979 - Analysis 39 (1):61 - 63.
    This paper provides a criticism of J. P. Day's analysis (in "Threats, Offers, Law, Opinion and Liberty," American Philosophical Quarterly, 14, 4 1977) of a person's being unfree to do or perform some act or other just in case that person is rendered retrievably unable to do so by the actions of another. Because Day contends that his analysis also applies to liberty, this criticism applies to that analysis as well.
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  7.  54
    Rights, respect, and the decent society.George E. Panichas - 2000 - Journal of Social Philosophy 31 (1):51–67.
    In The Decent Society, Avishai Margalit’s contends that a good society is a decent society, a society whose institutions do not humiliate persons. However, Margalit affirms a stark distinction between the decent society and a just society. “[T]he concept of a decent society … is not necessarily connected with the concept of rights. Even a society without a concept of rights can develop concepts of honor and humiliation appropriate for a decent society.” This paper rejects this position by showing that (...)
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  8. Rape, Autonomy, and Consent.George E. Panichas - 2001 - Law and Society Review 35 (1):231-269.
    Stephen Schulhofer's book, Unwanted Sex: The Culture of Intimidation and the Failure of Law, provides a carefully constructed and powerful case for rape-law reform. His effort is distinctive in three ways: (1) it takes the basic question of reform to be the moral one of determining which sexual interactions ought to be the subject of the criminal law, (2) it takes the right of sexual autonomy to serve as the basis for any successful legal reform, and (3) it makes a (...)
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  9. The Rights-Ascription Problem.George E. Panichas - 1997 - Social Theory and Practice 23 (3):365-398.
    This paper addresses the rights-ascription problem—the problem of determining what properties or characteristics one must have to qualify for fundamental rights. As argued here, one traditional response to this problem—the “humanity standard”—fails because rather than recognizing the problem as one of moral predication regarding actual individuals, it accepts nominal membership in a vaguely defined class (e.g., “humanity”) as adequate grounds for ascribing these rights. This failure encourages the hypothesis pursued here, viz., that qualifying for fundamental rights is a matter of (...)
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  10. Prolegomenon to a Political Theory of Ownership.George E. Panichas - 1978 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 64 (3):333-355.
    If a political theory of ownership is to be acceptable, it must rationally prescribe one system or model of ownership as opposed to others. Such a prescription would be rational only if strong normative arguments could be mounted to show it more desirable than its competitors. Thus, the prefatory work for such a theory would consist in the construction of viable models of ownership from which a sound choice could be made. This project would, however, be successful only if originating (...)
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  11. Simple rape and the risks of sex.George E. Panichas - 2006 - Law and Philosophy 25 (6):613 - 661.
    This paper addresses the question of whether rape-law reform should treat all cases of simple rape—nonconsensual sex that does not involve the use or credible threat of physical force—as a serious crime. Of primary concern here are those sexual interactions, often referred to as “date rape” or “acquaintance rape,” where the coercive element is not physical force as evidenced by reasonable resistance. Should, as some feminist reformers have urged, felony rape include sexual interactions that may not be fully consensual but (...)
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  12. Marx’s Theory of Revolutionary Change.George E. Panichas & Michael E. Hobart - 1990 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 20 (3):383 - 401.
    G. A. Cohen’s pathbreaking book, Karl Marx‘s Theory of History: A Defence (1978), prompted extensive reconsideration of historical materialism. This effort recast ongoing debates about Marx‘s theory of history by defending the view that historical materialism embodies a set of substantive claims as appropriately subject to analytical scrutiny as those of any other viable theory. Specifically, Cohen advances one central substantive claim that summarizes his reading of the “Preface” to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy. “History is, fundamentally, (...)
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  13. Vampires, Werewolves, and Economic Exploitation.George E. Panichas - 1981 - Social Theory and Practice 7 (2):223-242.
    For Marx, capitalism depends upon and perpetuates a system of relationships whereby members of one class of persons, capitalists, enjoys extensive and pervasive social and economic advantages over others. But on Marx’s analysis, this system of being-taken-advantage-of—this system of economic exploitation—is not to be understood by appeal to discrete incidents of fraud, bad deals, theft, or under-remuneration. Rather, the central contention of Marx’s analysis, the contention analyzed, developed, and evaluated here, is that economic exploitation is class exploitation, a phenomenon that (...)
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  14. The basic right to liberty.George E. Panichas - 1990 - Journal of Social Philosophy 21 (1):55-76.
    This paper addresses the question of how the right to liberty, qua moral right, is best understood, and then how that right can serve as a basic human right of indispensable value. Section I argues that if the right to liberty is understood as a general right to license, then, as Ronald Dworkin argues, it cannot be a basic right in any morally meaningful sense. Sections II, III, and IV consider and reject the view that the right to liberty, as (...)
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  15. Hobbes, prudence, and basic rights.George E. Panichas - 1988 - Noûs 22 (4):555-571.
    This paper provides a reconsideration of Hobbes’s conception of basic rights, specifically its denial of the doctrine that someone’s having a basic right always correlates with another or others having duties or obligations with respect to that right. Various arguments denying this doctrine are considered, including that basic rights are effectively moral exemptions from obligations or are subordinate components of a system of Hohfeldian liberty-rights to which no person-specific duty or obligation correlates. But these maneuvers side-step the full force of (...)
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  16. Introduction.George E. Panichas - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (8):559 - 560.
    This Introduction to the Journal of Business Ethics 10: 559-560, 1991 provides a brief description of the proceedings of the Louise MacCraken Olmsted Symposium in Ethics that occurred on March 22 and 23, 1990 at Lafayette College, Easton, PA. This symposium gathered five scholars (Bruce Jennings, Kenneth Kipnis, Judith Swazey, Pat Woolf, and Patricia Werhane) each of whom presented a paper (with commentaries) concerning the moral evaluation of the conduct of persons acting in their capacities as working professionals. These papers (...)
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  17.  24
    Mill's Flirtation with Socialism and Communism.George E. Panichas - 1983 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):251-270.
    This paper evaluates Mill’s arguments favoring a society with an economy dominated by “a principle of individual property” over alternatives dominated by the common ownership of the conditions of life and wealth. Mill’s strategy for addressing the problem of property consists in conducting a comparison of competing systems of ownership (capitalism, socialism or communism) on the criterion of which best distributes wealth to the individual. Mill applies this criterion in the evaluation of these systems in light of three considerations: (1) (...)
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  18. A Review of: "Consent to Sexual Relations". [REVIEW]George E. Panichas - 2006 - Journal of Sex and Marital Therapy 32:191-93.
    In this clearly written, impressively researched, and engaging book, Alan Wertheimer makes a distinctive and important contribution to the contemporary literature on the nature and value of consent to sexual relations. Wertheimer’s effort is two-fold. First, and as an informative yet logically distinct backdrop, he provides a specific theory of sexual desire and behavior, viz., evolutionary psychology. Second, he identifies and defends moral and legal principles of valid consent to sex. In chapter-length discussions, Wertheimer shows why matters of consent are (...)
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  19.  42
    Sex, Morality, and the Law.Lori Gruen & George E. Panichas (eds.) - 1996 - Routledge.
    Sex, Morality, and the Law combines legal and philosophical arguments to focus on six controversial topics; homosexual sex, prostitution, pornography, abortion, sexual harassment, and rape. Suitable for use in several disciplines at both undergraduate and graduate levels, this anthology includes critical court decisions and essays representing a diversity of conservative, liberal, and feminist positions.
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  20.  22
    Panichas, George A. Growing Wings to Overcome Gravity: Criticism as the Pursuit of Virtue. [REVIEW]James E. Person Jr - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):934-936.
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  21. Growing Wings to Overcome Gravity: Criticism as the Pursuit of Virtue.George A. Panichas - 1999
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  22.  11
    Growing Wings to Overcome Gravity: Criticism as the Pursuit of Virtue. [REVIEW]James E. Person Jr - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):934-935.
    In this excellent book, George A. Panichas, longtime editor of the conservative quarterly Modern Age, brings to a conclusion a critical trilogy, really a tetralogy, which includes The Reverent Discipline, The Courage of Judgment, and The Critic as Conservator. The unusual title is inspired by Plato’s Phaedrus, with Panichas writing at one point—concerning literary scholar Austin Warren’s “open celebration of great ideas, great writers, great souls”—that, “Literary greatness for him meant spiritual greatness, this is, the kind of (...)
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  23. Joseph Conrad: His Moral Vision.George A. Panichas - 2005
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  24.  49
    Where's the essence? Developmental shifts in children's beliefs about internal features.George E. Newman & Frank C. Keil - unknown
    The present studies investigated children’s and adults’ intuitive beliefs about the physical nature of essences. Adults and children (ranging in age from 6 to 10 years old) were asked to reason about two different ways of determining an unknown object’s category: taking a tiny internal sample from any part of the object (distributed view of essence), or taking a sample from one specific region (localized view of essence). Results from three studies indicated that adults strongly endorsed the distributed view, and (...)
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  25.  21
    The life of George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne.George Berkeley, T. E. Jessop & A. A. Luce - 1949 - New York,: T. Nelson. Edited by G. N. Wright.
    The following abbreviations are used to reference Berkeley’s works: PC “Philosophical Commentaries‘ Works 1:9--104 NTV An Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision Works 1:171--239 PHK Of the Principles of Human Knowledge: Part 1 Works 2:41--113 3D Three Dialogues between Hylas and Philonous Works 2:163--263 DM De Motu, or The Principle and Nature of Motion and the Cause of the Communication of Motions, trans. A.A. Luce Works 4:31--52.
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  26. Kinds of Authenticity.George E. Newman & Rosanna K. Smith - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (10):609-618.
    The concept of authenticity plays an important role in how people reason about objects, other people, and themselves. However, despite a great deal of academic interest in this concept, to date, the precise meaning of the term, authenticity, has remained somewhat elusive. This paper reviews the various definitions of authenticity that have been proposed in the literature and identifies areas of convergence. We then outline a novel framework that organizes the existing definitions of authenticity along two key dimensions: describing the (...)
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  27.  21
    The Work of ASBH’s Clinical Ethics Consultation Affairs Committee: Development Processes Behind Our Educational Materials.George E. Hardart, Katherine Wasson, Ellen M. Robinson, Aviva Katz, Deborah L. Kasman, Liza-Marie Johnson, Barrie J. Huberman, Anne Cordes, Barbara L. Chanko, Jane Jankowski & Courtenay R. Bruce - 2018 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 29 (2):150-157.
    The authors of this article are previous or current members of the Clinical Ethics Consultation Affairs (CECA) Committee, a standing committee of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities (ASBH). The committee is composed of seasoned healthcare ethics consultants (HCECs), and it is charged with developing and disseminating education materials for HCECs and ethics committees. The purpose of this article is to describe the educational research and development processes behind our teaching materials, which culminated in a case studies book called (...)
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  28. Beliefs About the True Self Explain Asymmetries Based on Moral Judgment.George E. Newman, Julian De Freitas & Joshua Knobe - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (1):96-125.
    Past research has identified a number of asymmetries based on moral judgments. Beliefs about what a person values, whether a person is happy, whether a person has shown weakness of will, and whether a person deserves praise or blame seem to depend critically on whether participants themselves find the agent's behavior to be morally good or bad. To date, however, the origins of these asymmetries remain unknown. The present studies examine whether beliefs about an agent's “true self” explain these observed (...)
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  29.  18
    The Sentimental Citizen: Emotion in Democratic Politics.George E. Marcus - 2002 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    This book challenges the conventional wisdom that improving democratic politics requires keeping emotion out of it. Marcus advances the provocative claim that the tradition in democratic theory of treating emotion and reason as hostile opposites is misguided and leads contemporary theorists to misdiagnose the current state of American democracy. Instead of viewing the presence of emotion in politics as a failure of rationality and therefore as a failure of citizenship, Marcus argues, democratic theorists need to understand that emotions are in (...)
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  30.  16
    The philosophy of early Christianity.George E. Karamanolis - 2013 - Durham [England]: Acumen Publishing.
    This book introduces the reader to the philosophy of early Christianity in the 2nd-4th centuries AD, and contextualizes the philosophical contributions of early Christians in the framework of the ancient philosophical debates. It examines the first attempts of Christian thinkers to engage with issues such as questions of cosmogony and first principles, freedom of choice, concept formation, and the body-soul relation, as well as later questions like the status of the divine persons of the Trinity. It also aims to show (...)
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  31. Plato and Aristotle in agreement?: Platonists on Aristotle from Antiochus to Porphyry.George E. Karamanolis - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    George Karamanolis breaks new ground in the study of later ancient philosophy by examining the interplay of the two main schools of thought, Platonism and Aristotelianism, from the first century BC to the third century AD. Arguing against prevailing scholarly assumption, he argues that the Platonists turned to Aristotle only in order to elucidate Plato's doctrines and to reconstruct Plato's philosophy, and that they did not hesitate to criticize Aristotle when judging him to be at odds with Plato. Karamanolis (...)
  32.  75
    From the Phenomenon of the Ellipse to an Inverse-Square Force: Why Not?George E. Smith - 2002 - In David B. Malament (ed.), Reading Natural Philosophy: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science and Mathematics. Open Court. pp. 31--70.
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  33.  18
    Different situations, different responses: Threat, partisanship, risk, and deliberation.George E. Marcus - 2008 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 20 (1-2):75-89.
    The theory of affective intelligence dichotomizes challenging situations into threatening and risky ones. When people perceive a familiar threat, they tend to be dogmatic and partisan, since they are mobilizing decisive action based on habitual behaviors and nearly instinctual perceptions that have proved their worth in similar situations. When facing a novel risk, however, people tend to become more open‐minded and deliberative, since old solutions do not apply. An experiment with students' reactions to challenges to their opinions about a divisive (...)
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  34.  11
    Observers Observed: Essays on Ethnographic Fieldwork. George W. Stocking, Jr.George E. Marcus - 1984 - Isis 75 (4):746-746.
  35.  96
    Assemblage.George E. Marcus & Erkan Saka - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):101-106.
    This article shows how, in recent works of cultural analysis, the concept of ‘assemblage’ has been been derived from key sources of theory and put to work to provide a structure-like surrogate to express certain prominent values of a modernist sensibility in the discourse of description and analysis. Assemblage is a sort of anti-structural concept that permits the researcher to speak of emergence, heterogeneity, the decentred and the ephemeral in nonetheless ordered social life. There are other related concepts, like collage, (...)
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  36.  34
    JJ Thomson and the Electron, 1897–1899.George E. Smith - 2001 - In A. Warwick (ed.), Histories of the Electron: The Birth of Microphysics. MIT Press. pp. 21--76.
  37.  13
    The Abyss of Madness.George E. Atwood - 2011 - Routledge.
    Despite the many ways in which the so-called psychoses can become manifest, they are ultimately human events arising out of human contexts. As such, they can be understood in an intersubjective manner, removing the stigmatizing boundary between madness and sanity. Utilizing the post-Cartesian psychoanalytic approach of phenomenological contextualism, as well as almost 50 years of clinical experience, George Atwood presents detailed case studies depicting individuals in crisis and the successes and failures that occurred in their treatment. Topics range from (...)
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  38.  12
    The principles of human knowledge.George Berkeley & T. E. Jessop - 1937 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 138:234-235.
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  39.  66
    Comments on Ernan McMullin's "the impact of Newton's principia on the philosophy of science".George E. Smith - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (3):327-338.
  40.  15
    Structures of subjectivity: explorations in psychoanalytic phenomenology.George E. Atwood - 1984 - Hillsdale, N.J.: L. Erlbaum Associates. Edited by Robert D. Stolorow.
  41.  17
    The Principles of Human Knowledge.George Berkeley & T. E. Jessop - 1710 - Philosophy 13 (51):350-350.
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  42.  39
    An Essentialist Account of Authenticity.George E. Newman - 2016 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 16 (3-4):294-321.
    The concept of authenticity is central to how people value many different types of objects and yet there is considerable disagreement about how individuals evaluate authenticity or how the concept itself should be defined. This paper attempts to reconcile previous approaches by proposing a novel view of authenticity. Specifically, I draw upon past research on psychological essentialism and propose that when people evaluate the authenticity of objects, they do so by evaluating the extent to which the object embodies or reflects (...)
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  43.  19
    Rhetoric of Appeal and Rhetoric of Response.George E. Yoos - 1987 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 20 (2):106 - 117.
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  44.  9
    Rechtswidrig erlangte Beweismittel im Zivilprozess: eine Untersuchung der österreichischen, deutschen und amerikanischen Rechtslage.Georg E. Kodek - 1987 - Wien: Manzsche Verlags- und Universitätsbuchh..
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  45.  18
    Intelligence: Beyond a monolithic concept.George E. Marsh & Asghar Iran-Nejad - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (4):329-332.
  46.  6
    2 The Gift and Globalization: A Prolegomenon to the Anthropological Study of Contemporary Finance Capital and Its Mentalities.George E. Marcus - 2002 - In Edith Wyschogrod, Jean-Joseph Goux & Eric Boynton (eds.), The Enigma of Gift and Sacrifice. Fordham University Press. pp. 38-49.
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  47.  19
    Athanasius Kircher's Universal Polygraphy.George E. McCracken - 1948 - Isis 39 (4):215-228.
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  48.  25
    Dreams in Exile: Rediscovering Science and Ethics in Nineteenth-Century Social Theory.George E. McCarthy - 2009 - State University of New York Press.
    Introduction: conversing with traditions : ancients and moderns in nineteenth-century practical science -- Aristotle on the constitution of social justice and classical democracy -- Aristotle and classical social theory : social justice and moral economy in Marx, Weber, and Durkheim -- Kant on the critique of reason and science -- Kant and classical social theory : epistemology, logic, and methods in Marx, Weber, and Durkheim -- Conclusion: dreams of classical reason : historical science between existentialism and antiquity.
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  49.  40
    The Monarchy.George E. Mendenhall - 1975 - Interpretation 29 (2):155-170.
    The development of the Israelite Monarchy followed the model of a typical Syro-Hittite state and introduced a paganization into the political and social history of Israel with fateful and lasting consequences.
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  50.  23
    Pragmatism in education.George E. Axtelle - 1968 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 6 (1):6-13.
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