Results for 'Jean-Pierre Daures'

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  1.  56
    Global Robustness with Respect to the Loss Function and the Prior.Christophe Abraham & Jean-Pierre Daures - 2000 - Theory and Decision 48 (4):359-381.
    We propose a class [I,S] of loss functions for modeling the imprecise preferences of the decision maker in Bayesian Decision Theory. This class is built upon two extreme loss functions I and S which reflect the limited information about the loss function. We give an approximation of the set of Bayes actions for every loss function in [I,S] and every prior in a mixture class; if the decision space is a subset of R, we obtain the exact set.
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  2.  45
    Neuronal Man: The Biology of Mind.Jean-Pierre Changeux - 1997 - Princeton University Press.
    Here Jean-Pierre Changeux elucidates our current knowledge of the human brain, taking an interdisciplinary approach and explaining in layman's terms the complex theories and scientific breakthroughs that have significantly improved our ...
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  3.  16
    Entrevista Com Jean-Pierre Berlan.Jean-Pierre Berlan - 2004 - Scientiae Studia 2 (3):395-413.
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  4.  14
    Interview with Jean-Pierre Berlan.Jean-Pierre Berlan - 2004 - Scientiae Studia 2 (3):395-413.
  5.  34
    Pierre Bayle, Matter, and the Unity of Consciousness.Jean-Pierre Schachter - 2002 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 32 (2):241 - 265.
    There were three such assumptions required, one explicitly stated, and two not made explicit until Bayle. The explicit one was a certain commonly accepted double understanding of ‘destruction’: a ‘natural’ version, which made it no more than a change in a particular arrangement or ‘organization’ of particles through which an aggregate was destroyed by losing its identity, and a metaphysical version, which entailed the actual annihilation of a substance. It was assumed that the latter could be accomplished only by miraculous (...)
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  6. Sapientiae Procerum Amore: Mélanges Médiévistes Offerts À Dom Jean-Pierre Müller O.S.B. À l'Occasion De Son 70ème Anniversaire (24 Février 1974). [REVIEW]Jean Pierre Müller & Theodor Wolfram Köhler (eds.) - 1974 - Editrice Anselmiana.
  7. What Makes Us Think? A Neuroscientist and a Philosopher Argue About Ethics, Human Nature, and the Brain.Jean-Pierre Changeux & Paul Ricoeur - 2000 - Princeton.
    In a remarkable exchange between neuroscientist Jean-Pierre Changeux and philosopher Paul Ricoeur, this book explores the vexed territory between these...
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  8.  52
    From a Geometrical Point of View: A Study in the History and Philosophy of Category Theory.Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2009 - Springer.
    A Study of the History and Philosophy of Category Theory Jean-Pierre Marquis. to say that objects are dispensable in geometry. What is claimed is that the specific nature of the objects used is irrelevant. To use the terminology already ...
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  9. Myth and Society in Ancient Greece.Jean-Pierre Vernant - 1988 - Zone Books.
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  10. Vérité partielle et réalisme scientifique: une approche bungéenne.Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2020 - Mεtascience 1:293-314.
    Le réalisme scientifique occupe une place centrale dans le système philosophique de Mario Bunge. Au cœur de cette thèse, on trouve l’affirmation selon laquelle nous pouvons connaître le monde partiellement. Il s’ensuit que les théories scientifiques ne sont pas totalement vraies ou totalement fausses, mais plutôt partiellement vraies et partiellement fausses. Ces énoncés sur la connaissance scientifique, à première vue plausible pour quiconque est familier avec la pratique scientifique, demandent néanmoins à être clarifiés, précisés et, ultimement, à être inclus dans (...)
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  11. Myth and Thought Among the Greeks.Jean Pierre Vernant - 1983 - MIT Press.
    1 Hesiod's Myth of the Races: An Essay in Structural Analysis Hesiod's poem ' Works and Days' begins with the telling of two myths. ...
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  12. Myth and Tragedy in Ancient Greece.Jean-Pierre Vernant & Pierre Vidal-Naquet - 1990 - Zone Books.
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  13.  25
    Neuronal Models of Cognitive Functions.Jean-Pierre Changeux & Stanislas Dehaene - 1989 - Cognition 33 (1-2):63-109.
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  14. The Mechanization of the Mind: On the Origins of Cognitive Science.Jean-Pierre Dupuy - 2000 - Princeton University Press.
  15. Conscious, Preconscious, and Subliminal Processing: A Testable Taxonomy.Stanislas Dehaene, Jean-Pierre Changeux, Lionel Naccache, Jérôme Sackur & Claire Sergent - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (5):204-211.
    Amidst the many brain events evoked by a visual stimulus, which are specifically associated with conscious perception, and which merely reflect non-conscious processing? Several recent neuroimaging studies have contrasted conscious and non-conscious visual processing, but their results appear inconsistent. Some support a correlation of conscious perception with early occipital events, others with late parieto-frontal activity. Here we attempt to make sense of those dissenting results. On the basis of a minimal neuro-computational model, the global neuronal workspace hypothesis, we propose a (...)
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  16. Ongoing Spontaneous Activity Controls Access to Consciousness: A Neuronal Model for Inattentional Blindness.Jean-Pierre Changeux & Stanislas Dehaene - 2005 - PLoS Biology 3 (5):e141.
    1 INSERM-CEA Unit 562, Cognitive Neuroimaging, Service Hospitalier Fre´de´ric Joliot, Orsay, France, 2 CNRS URA2182 Re´cepteurs and Cognition, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.
     
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  17.  68
    Complexity and Uncertainty: A Prudential Approach to Nanotechnology.Jean-Pierre Dupuy - forthcoming - Nanoethics. The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology. New Jersey.
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  18.  51
    Some Pitfalls in the Philosophical Foundations of Nanoethics.Jean-Pierre Dupuy - 2007 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 32 (3):237 – 261.
    If such a thing as nanoethics is possible, it can only develop by confronting the great questions of moral philosophy, thus avoiding the pitfalls so common to regional ethics. We identify and analyze some of these pitfalls: the restriction of ethics to prudence understood as rational risk management; the reduction of ethics to cost/benefit analysis; the confusion of technique with technology and of human nature with the human condition. Once these points have been clarified, it is possible to take up (...)
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  19. Verflechtungen Die Textlichkeit des Originären : Aufsätze Zur Philosophie Für Jean-Pierre Schobinger.Jean-Claude Höfliger & Jean-Pierre Schobinger - 1997
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  20. A Theory of the Epigenesis of Neuronal Networks by Selective Stabilization of Synapses.Jean Pierre Changeux, Philippe Courrège & Antoine Danchin - 1973 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Usa 70 (10):2974-8.
    A formalism is introduced to represent the connective organization of an evolving neuronal network and the effects of environment on this organization by stabilization or degeneration of labile synapses associated with functioning. Learning, or the acquisition of an associative property, is related to a characteristic variability of the connective organization: the interaction of the environment with the genetic program is printed as a particular pattern of such organization through neuronal functioning. An application of the theory to the development of the (...)
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  21. Categorical Foundations of Mathematics or How to Provide Foundations for Abstract Mathematics.Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2013 - Review of Symbolic Logic 6 (1):51-75.
    Fefermans argument is indeed convincing in a certain context, it can be dissolved entirely by modifying the context appropriately.
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  22.  36
    The Social and Ethical Acceptability of NBICs for Purposes of Human Enhancement: Why Does the Debate Remain Mired in Impasse? [REVIEW]Jean-Pierre Béland, Johane Patenaude, Georges A. Legault, Patrick Boissy & Monelle Parent - 2011 - NanoEthics 5 (3):295-307.
    The emergence and development of convergent technologies for the purpose of improving human performance, including nanotechnology, biotechnology, information sciences, and cognitive science (NBICs), open up new horizons in the debates and moral arguments that must be engaged by philosophers who hope to take seriously the question of the ethical and social acceptability of these technologies. This article advances an analysis of the factors that contribute to confusion and discord on the topic, in order to help in understanding why arguments that (...)
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  23. Category Theory and the Foundations of Mathematics: Philosophical Excavations.Jean-Pierre Marquis - 1995 - Synthese 103 (3):421 - 447.
    The aim of this paper is to clarify the role of category theory in the foundations of mathematics. There is a good deal of confusion surrounding this issue. A standard philosophical strategy in the face of a situation of this kind is to draw various distinctions and in this way show that the confusion rests on divergent conceptions of what the foundations of mathematics ought to be. This is the strategy adopted in the present paper. It is divided into 5 (...)
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  24. Mathematical Forms and Forms of Mathematics: Leaving the Shores of Extensional Mathematics.Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2013 - Synthese 190 (12):2141-2164.
    In this paper, I introduce the idea that some important parts of contemporary pure mathematics are moving away from what I call the extensional point of view. More specifically, these fields are based on criteria of identity that are not extensional. After presenting a few cases, I concentrate on homotopy theory where the situation is particularly clear. Moreover, homotopy types are arguably fundamental entities of geometry, thus of a large portion of mathematics, and potentially to all mathematics, at least according (...)
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  25.  35
    Emergence and Quantum Chemistry.Jean-Pierre Llored - 2012 - Foundations of Chemistry 14 (3):245-274.
    This paper first queries what type of concept of emergence, if any, could be connected with the different chemical activities subsumed under the label ‘quantum chemistry’. In line with Roald Hoffmann, we propose a ‘rotation to research laboratory’ in order to point out how practitioners hold a molecular whole, its parts, and the surroundings together within their various methods when exploring chemical transformation. We then identify some requisite contents that a concept of emergence must incorporate in order to be coherent (...)
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  26. Self Enforceable Paths in Extensive Form Games.Jean-Pierre Ponssard - 1990 - Theory and Decision 29 (1):69-83.
  27.  60
    Mereology and Quantum Chemistry: The Approximation of Molecular Orbital. [REVIEW]Jean-Pierre Llored - 2010 - Foundations of Chemistry 12 (3):203-221.
    Mulliken proposed an Aufbauprinzip for the molecules on the basis of molecular spectroscopy while establishing, point by point, his concept of molecular orbit. It is the concept of electronic state which becomes the lever for his attribution of electronic configurations to a molecule. In 1932, the concept of orbit was transmuted into that of the molecular orbital to integrate the probabilistic approach of Born and to achieve quantitative accuracy. On the basis of the quantum works of Hund, Wigner, Lennard-Jones and (...)
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  28.  19
    A Nuanced Critical Realist Approach to Educational Policy and Practice Development: Redefining the Nature of Practitioners’ Agency.Jean Pierre Elonga Mboyo - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 51 (8):815-828.
    In an age of nationalisation of international educational policy, or vice versa, the politics and conflicts behind such policies often take centre stage to the detriment of professional expertise. In response, this article develops a nuanced critical realism to propose a practice-based development and implementation of educational policy reforms. Based on empirical reports of head teachers’ subversive practice, the article concludes by highlighting that professional expertise is a central component, dubbed ‘formless capability’, that all stakeholders use to turn policy intentions (...)
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  29.  56
    The Narratology of Lay Ethics.Jean-Pierre Dupuy - 2010 - NanoEthics 4 (2):153-170.
    The five narratives identified by the DEEPEN-project are interpreted in terms of the ancient story of desire, evil, and the sacred, and the modern narratives of alienation and exploitation. The first three narratives of lay ethics do not take stock of what has radically changed in the modern world under the triple and joint evolution of science, religion, and philosophy. The modern narratives, in turn, are in serious need of a post-modern deconstruction. Both critiques express the limits of humanism. They (...)
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  30.  16
    Conversations on Mind, Matter, and Mathematics.Jean-Pierre Changeux & Alain Connes - 1998 - Princeton University Press.
    "This wonderfully eloquent and playful colloquy of two brilliant minds gives new life to the old notion of Dialogue, a sadly forgotten form now.... I "love" this book!
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  31.  32
    Explicit Mathematical Construction of Relativistic Nonlinear de Broglie Waves Described by Three-Dimensional (Wave and Electromagnetic) Solitons “Piloted” (Controlled) by Corresponding Solutions of Associated Linear Klein-Gordon and Schrödinger Equations.Jean-Pierre Vigier - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (2):125-148.
    Starting from a nonlinear relativistic Klein-Gordon equation derived from the stochastic interpretation of quantum mechanics (proposed by Bohm-Vigier, (1) Nelson, (2) de Broglie, (3) Guerra et al. (4) ), one can construct joint wave and particle, soliton-like solutions, which follow the average de Broglie-Bohm (5) real trajectories associated with linear solutions of the usual Schrödinger and Klein-Gordon equations.
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  32.  12
    Détournement de capitaux et sublimation : retour sur les lieux de la Critique de la raison cynique.Jean-Pierre Couture - 2007 - Horizons Philosophiques 17 (2):1-20.
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  33.  42
    Living with Uncertainty.Jean-Pierre Dupuy - 2004 - Techne 8 (2):4-25.
  34.  1
    The Bible, Religious Storytelling, and Revolution: The Case of Solentiname, Nicaragua.Jean-Pierre Reed - 2017 - Critical Research on Religion 5 (3):227-250.
    Building on the storytelling, political storytelling, and religious storytelling literatures, I examined the role religious stories play in the formation of revolutionary convictions. This study’s primary sources of data are volumes I, II, and III of The Gospel in Solentiname, a historical record of religious discussions that took place in an isolated campesino community at a seminary-like setting under a growing national revolutionary scenario in 1970s Nicaragua. My analysis of these discussions reveals that religious discourse based on stories of prophecy, (...)
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  35.  60
    Abstract Mathematical Tools and Machines for Mathematics.Jean-pierre Marquis - 1997 - Philosophia Mathematica 5 (3):250-272.
    In this paper, we try to establish that some mathematical theories, like K-theory, homology, cohomology, homotopy theories, spectral sequences, modern Galois theory (in its various applications), representation theory and character theory, etc., should be thought of as (abstract) machines in the same way that there are (concrete) machines in the natural sciences. If this is correct, then many epistemological and ontological issues in the philosophy of mathematics are seen in a different light. We concentrate on one problem which immediately follows (...)
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  36.  7
    Climb Kinetics of Dislocation Loops in Aluminium.Jean-Pierre Tartour & Jack Washburn - 1968 - Philosophical Magazine 18 (156):1257-1267.
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  37.  24
    Arguments for Adjuncts.Jean-Pierre Koenig, Gail Mauner & Breton Bienvenue - 2003 - Cognition 89 (2):67-103.
    It is commonly assumed across the language sciences that some semantic participant information is lexically encoded in the representation of verbs and some is not. In this paper, we propose that semantic obligatoriness and verb class specificity are criteria which influence whether semantic information is lexically encoded. We present a comprehensive survey of the English verbal lexicon, a sentence continuation study, and an on-line sentence processing study which confirm that both factors play a role in the lexical encoding of participant (...)
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  38.  21
    Making the Difference: John Dewey and the Naturalization of Aesthetics.Jean-Pierre Cometti - 2015 - Aisthesis: Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 8 (1):123-134.
    The “Neuronal man”, as Changeux has called him, is now credited with an aesthetic mind. This mind is not the “Geist” of the philosophical tradition. The cognitive sciences have took over from philosophy and now they deal with art and aesthetics as they do with whatever aspect of human thought, experience and activity. Philosophers like Kant were interested in the empirical sources of beauty, but for him empirical features of its development did not change anything at all to its very (...)
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  39.  2
    Young Children's Learning of Relational Categories: Multiple Comparisons and Their Cognitive Constraints.Jean-Pierre Thibaut & Arnaud Witt - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  40.  6
    La violence sous le verbe académique : Un débat sur les traditions historiques à l'Académie royale des inscriptions et belles-lettres au xviiiesiècle.Jean-Pierre Schandeler - 2013 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 66 (2):299.
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  41. Stairway to Heaven: The Abstract Method and Levels of Abstraction in Mathematics.Jean Pierre Marquis & Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2016 - The Mathematical Intelligencer 38 (3):41-51.
    In this paper, following the claims made by various mathematicians, I try to construct a theory of levels of abstraction. I first try to clarify the basic components of the abstract method as it developed in the first quarter of the 20th century. I then submit an explication of the notion of levels of abstraction. In the final section, I briefly explore some of main philosophical consequences of the theory.
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  42.  10
    A Logical Analysis of the Anselm’s Unum Argumentum.Jean-Pierre Desclés - 2017 - Logica Universalis 11 (1):105-119.
    Anselm of Cantorbery wrote Proslogion, where is formulated the famous ‘Unum argumentum’ about the existence of God. This argument was been disputed and criticized by numerous logicians from an extensional view point. The classical predicate logic is not able to give a formal frame to develop an adequate analysis of this argument. According to us, this argument is not an ontological proof; it analyses the meaning of the “quo nihil maius cogitari posit”, a characterization of God, and establish, by absurd, (...)
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  43.  67
    Common Knowledge, Common Sense.Jean-Pierre Dupuy - 1989 - Theory and Decision 27 (1-2):37-62.
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  44.  94
    Category Theory.Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  45. Mathematical Abstraction, Conceptual Variation and Identity.Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2014 - In Peter Schroeder-Heister, Gerhard Heinzmann, Wilfred Hodges & Pierre Edouard Bour (eds.), Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Proceedings of the 14th International Congress. London, UK: pp. 299-322.
    One of the key features of modern mathematics is the adoption of the abstract method. Our goal in this paper is to propose an explication of that method that is rooted in the history of the subject.
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  46.  36
    Emotions in Context: Revolutionary Accelerators, Hope, Moral Outrage, and Other Emotions in the Making of Nicaragua's Revolution.Jean-Pierre Reed - 2004 - Theory and Society 33 (6):653-703.
  47.  49
    Categories, Sets and the Nature of Mathematical Entities.Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2006 - In Johan van Benthem, Gerhard Heinzman, M. Rebushi & H. Visser (eds.), The Age of Alternative Logics. Springer. pp. 181--192.
  48.  35
    Liminaire : La pensée de Peter Sloterdijk.Jean-Pierre Couture - 2007 - Horizons Philosophiques 17 (2):I-III.
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  49.  42
    What With? The Anatomy of a -Role: Articles.Jean-Pierre Koenig, Gail Mauner, Breton Bienvenue & Kathy Conklin - 2008 - Journal of Semantics 25 (2):175-220.
    This paper describes a comprehensive survey of English verbs that semantically allow or require an Instrument role. It sheds light on the nature of Instrument roles and instrumentality by examining the distribution in semantic space of those verbs. We show first that verbs that semantically require instruments are typically semantically more complex than predicted by current theories of the structural complexity of verb meanings. We also show that verbs that require or allow instruments constrain the end states of situations they (...)
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  50.  50
    Existentialism and Contemporary Cinema: A Sartrean Perspective.Jean-Pierre Boulé & Enda McCaffrey (eds.) - 2011 - Berghahn Books.
    At the heart of this volume is the assertion that Sartrean existentialism, most prominent in the 1940s, particularly in France, is still relevant as a way of ...
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