Results for 'John R. Deckop'

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  1.  56
    Doing unto others: The reciprocity of helping behavior in organizations. [REVIEW]John R. Deckop, Caril C. Cirka & Lynne M. Andersson - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (2):101 - 113.
    Reciprocity is a fundamental aspect of social life, and a phenomenon studied from a wide variety of philosophical, theological, and social scientific perspectives. In this study, we use social exchange theory to investigate why employees help other employees. We hypothesize, based on the norm of reciprocity (Gouldner, 1960), that a significant cause of an employee''s helping behavior is how much organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) the employee has received from coworkers. To provide evidence of the discriminant validity of OCB received as (...)
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  2.  18
    Assessing Three Models of Materialism–Postmaterialism and Their Relationship with Well-Being: A Theoretical Extension.Mark D. Promislo, Robert A. Giacalone & John R. Deckop - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 143 (3):531-541.
    The issue of the dimensionality of materialism and postmaterialism, and their impact on key social and personal indicators, has been a hotly debated topic for decades. This study sought to achieve two goals to further our understanding of these constructs. First, it assessed whether an interactive materialism–postmaterialism conceptualization could be expanded to predict outcomes related to well-being. Second, the study extended the interactive model by using Richins’ three dimensions of materialism instead of the unidimensional construct utilized in previous studies. Results (...)
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  3.  87
    Making the Social World: The Structure of Human Civilization.John R. Searle - 2010 - , US: Oxford University Press UK.
    The renowned philosopher John Searle reveals the fundamental nature of social reality. What kinds of things are money, property, governments, nations, marriages, cocktail parties, and football games? Searle explains the key role played by language in the creation, constitution, and maintenance of social reality. We make statements about social facts that are completely objective, for example: Barack Obama is President of the United States, the piece of paper in my hand is a twenty-dollar bill, I got married in London, (...)
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  4. Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind.John R. Searle - 1983 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    John Searle's Speech Acts (1969) and Expression and Meaning (1979) developed a highly original and influential approach to the study of language. But behind both works lay the assumption that the philosophy of language is in the end a branch of the philosophy of the mind: speech acts are forms of human action and represent just one example of the mind's capacity to relate the human organism to the world. The present book is concerned with these biologically fundamental capacities, (...)
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  5. Intentionality: An Essay in the Philosophy of Mind.John R. Searle - 1983 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    John Searle's Speech Acts (1969) and Expression and Meaning (1979) developed a highly original and influential approach to the study of language. But behind both works lay the assumption that the philosophy of language is in the end a branch of the philosophy of the mind: speech acts are forms of human action and represent just one example of the mind's capacity to relate the human organism to the world. The present book is concerned with these biologically fundamental capacities, (...)
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  6. Is the brain a digital computer?John R. Searle - 1990 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 64 (3):21-37.
    There are different ways to present a Presidential Address to the APA; the one I have chosen is simply to report on work that I am doing right now, on work in progress. I am going to present some of my further explorations into the computational model of the mind.\**.
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  7. Is the Brain’s Mind a Computer Program?John R. Searle - 1990 - Scientific American 262 (1):26-31.
  8. What is an intentional state?John R. Searle - 1979 - Mind 88 (January):74-92.
  9. Austin on locutionary and illocutionary acts.John R. Searle - 1968 - Philosophical Review 77 (4):405-424.
  10.  58
    Neuroethics and the Possible Types of Moral Enhancement.John R. Shook - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (4):3-14.
    Techniques for achieving moral enhancement will modify brain processes to produce what is alleged to be more moral conduct. Neurophilosophy and neuroethics must ponder what “moral enhancement” could possibly be, if possible at all. Objections to the very possibility of moral enhancement, raised from various philosophical and neuroscientific standpoints, fail to justify skepticism, but they do place serious constraints on the kinds of efficacious moral enhancers. While there won't be a “morality pill,” and hopes for global moral enlightenment will remain (...)
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  11.  95
    Abductive inference: computation, philosophy, technology.John R. Josephson & Susan G. Josephson (eds.) - 1994 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    In informal terms, abductive reasoning involves inferring the best or most plausible explanation from a given set of facts or data. It is a common occurrence in everyday life and crops up in such diverse places as medical diagnosis, scientific theory formation, accident investigation, language understanding, and jury deliberation. In recent years, it has become a popular and fruitful topic in artificial intelligence research. This volume breaks new ground in the scientific, philosophical, and technological study of abduction. It presents new (...)
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  12.  14
    Using fMRI to Test Models of Complex Cognition.John R. Anderson, Cameron S. Carter, Jon M. Fincham, Yulin Qin, Susan M. Ravizza & Miriam Rosenberg-Lee - 2008 - Cognitive Science 32 (8):1323-1348.
    This article investigates the potential of fMRI to test assumptions about different components in models of complex cognitive tasks. If the components of a model can be associated with specific brain regions, one can make predictions for the temporal course of the BOLD response in these regions. An event‐locked procedure is described for dealing with temporal variability and bringing model runs and individual data trials into alignment. Statistical methods for testing the model are described that deal with the scan‐to‐scan correlations (...)
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  13.  41
    John Dewey's philosophy of spirit, with the 1897 lecture on Hegel.John R. Shook - 2010 - New York: Fordham University Press. Edited by James A. Good & John Dewey.
    This book shows that, far from repudiating Hegel, Dewey's entire pragmatic philosophy is premised on a "philosophy of spirit" inspired by Hegel's project.
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  14. Reluctant Guardians: The Moral Responsibility of Gatekeepers.John R. Boatright - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (4):613-632.
    ABSTRACT:Intermediaries, such as accountants, lawyers, and bankers, are gatekeepers, which are parties whose cooperation is necessary for corporations to function and who, by withholding cooperation, are able to prevent significant corporate misconduct. The recent scandals at Enron and other corporations were due, in part, to failures by gatekeeper institutions. However, intermediaries exist primarily to provide for-fee services and not specifically to detect and deter misconduct. Insofar as these institutions are gatekeepers or guardians, they serve reluctantly. Hence the question: What is (...)
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  15.  13
    Reflections on technology for educational practitioners: philosophers of technology inspiring technology education.John R. Dakers, Jonas Hallström & Marc J. de Vries (eds.) - 2019 - Boston: Brill Sense.
    Reflections on Technology for Educational Practitioners describes the main ideas of fourteen philosophers of technology and how these ideas are used or can be used in technology education.
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  16.  25
    Animal Suffering and the Darwinian Problem of Evil.John R. Schneider - 2020 - Cambridge University Press.
    John R. Schneider explores the problem that animal suffering, caused by the inherent nature of Darwinian evolution, poses to belief in theism. Examining the aesthetic aspects of this moral problem, Schneider focuses on the three prevailing approaches to it: that the Fall caused animal suffering in nature (Lapsarian Theodicy), that Darwinian evolution was the only way for God to create an acceptably good and valuable world (Only-Way Theodicy), and that evolution is the source of major, God-justifying beauty (Aesthetic Theodicy). (...)
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  17.  26
    Reluctant Guardians: The Moral Responsibility of Gatekeepers.John R. Boatright - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (4):613-632.
    Intermediaries, such as accountants, lawyers, and bankers, are gatekeepers, which are parties whose cooperation is necessary for corporations to function and who, by withholding cooperation, are able to prevent significant corporate misconduct. The recent scandals at Enron and other corporations were due, in part, to failures by gatekeeper institutions. However, intermediaries exist primarily to provide for-fee services and not specifically to detect and deter misconduct. Insofar asthese institutions are gatekeepers or guardians, they serve reluctantly. Hence the question: What is the (...)
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  18. Species and the Good in Anne Conway's Metaethics.John R. T. Grey - 2020 - In Colin Marshall (ed.), Comparative Metaethics: Neglected Perspectives on the Foundations of Morality. Routledge. pp. 102-118.
    Anne Conway rejects the view that creatures are essentially members of any natural kind more specific than the kind 'creature'. That is, she rejects essentialism about species membership. This chapter provides an analysis of one of Anne Conway's arguments against such essentialism, which (as I argue) is drawn from metaethical rather than metaphysical premises. In her view, if a creature's species or kind were inscribed in its essence, that essence would constitute a limit on the creature's potential to participate in (...)
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  19.  23
    Meaning potentials and context: Some consequences for the analysis of variation in meaning.John R. Taylor, René Dirven & Hubert Cuyckens - 2003 - In Hubert Cuyckens, René Dirven & John R. Taylor (eds.), Cognitive Approaches to Lexical Semantics. Mouton De Gruyter.
  20.  10
    Finance Ethics.John R. Boatright - 1999 - In Robert Frederick (ed.), A companion to business ethics. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell. pp. 153–163.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Financial markets Financial services Financial management.
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  21.  11
    The dictionary of early American philosophers.John R. Shook (ed.) - 2012 - New York: Continuum.
    An update to the Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers, this version now includes the those minds dealing in the area of theology.
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  22. Arguments concerning representations for mental imagery.John R. Anderson - 1978 - Psychological Review (4):249-277.
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  23.  12
    Reluctant Guardians: The Moral Responsibility of Gatekeepers.John R. Boatright - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (4):613-632.
    ABSTRACT:Intermediaries, such as accountants, lawyers, and bankers, are gatekeepers, which are parties whose cooperation is necessary for corporations to function and who, by withholding cooperation, are able to prevent significant corporate misconduct. The recent scandals at Enron and other corporations were due, in part, to failures by gatekeeper institutions. However, intermediaries exist primarily to provide for-fee services and not specifically to detect and deter misconduct. Insofar as these institutions are gatekeepers or guardians, they serve reluctantly. Hence the question: What is (...)
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  24. Acquisition of cognitive skill.John R. Anderson - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (4):369-406.
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  25. How Can the Human Mind Occur in the Physical Universe?John R. Anderson - 2007 - Oup Usa.
    The human cognitive architecture consists of a set of largely independent modules associated with different brain regions. This book discusses in detail how these various modules can combine to produce behaviours as varied as driving a car and solving an algebraic equation.
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  26. Context and semantic judgment.John R. Doidge - 1965 - In Karl W. Linsenmann (ed.), Proceedings. St. Louis, Lutheran Academy for Scholarship. pp. 42--152.
     
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  27.  39
    An Integrated Theory of the Mind.John R. Anderson, Daniel Bothell, Michael D. Byrne, Scott Douglass, Christian Lebiere & Yulin Qin - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (4):1036-1060.
  28.  6
    Reflections on Technology for Educational Practitioners: Philosophers of Technology Inspiring Technology Education.John R. Dakers, Jonas Hallström & Marc J. De Vries (eds.) - 2019 - Brill | Sense.
    _Reflections on Technology for Educational Practitioners_ describes the main ideas of fourteen philosophers of technology and how these ideas are used or can be used in technology education.
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  29.  5
    The provident principal.John R. McCall - 1986 - [Chapel Hill]: Institute of Government, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
  30.  6
    Meaning, dialogue, and enculturation: phenomenological philosophy of education.John R. Scudder - 1985 - Washington, D.C.: University Press of America. Edited by Algis Mickunas.
  31.  2
    Dewey's social philosophy: democracy as education.John R. Shook - 2014 - New York, NY: Palfgrave Macmillan.
    Dewey is known for education theories to promote democracy, but what is democracy for? His philosophy advanced democracy as education itself, reaching higher levels of social intelligence. Praising community or promoting rights doesn't get to the heart of Dewey's vision, which seeks everyone's good in a social life that is intelligently lived.
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  32.  6
    Dewey's enduring impact: essays on America's philosopher.John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.) - 2011 - Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
    In this collection of essays, written especially for this volume, many of the most prominent scholars on Dewey are inspired to search for that new enlightenment that Dewey himself sought, reconfigured to deal with the pressing problems of our times.
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  33.  12
    Growth of a lexical network: Nine English prepositions in acquisition.John R. Taylor, René Dirven & Hubert Cuyckens - 2003 - In Hubert Cuyckens, René Dirven & John R. Taylor (eds.), Cognitive Approaches to Lexical Semantics. Mouton De Gruyter.
  34.  13
    Image schemas and category coherence: The case of the Portuguese verb deixar.John R. Taylor, René Dirven & Hubert Cuyckens - 2003 - In Hubert Cuyckens, René Dirven & John R. Taylor (eds.), Cognitive Approaches to Lexical Semantics. Mouton De Gruyter.
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  35.  17
    Word meaning, sentence meaning, and syntactic meaning.John R. Taylor, René Dirven & Hubert Cuyckens - 2003 - In Hubert Cuyckens, René Dirven & John R. Taylor (eds.), Cognitive Approaches to Lexical Semantics. Mouton De Gruyter.
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  36. Oxford Philosophy in the 1950s.John R. Searle - forthcoming - John R. Searle.
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  37.  58
    The adaptive nature of human categorization.John R. Anderson - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (3):409-429.
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  38. Is human cognition adaptive?John R. Anderson - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (3):471-485.
    Can the output of human cognition be predicted from the assumption that it is an optimal response to the information-processing demands of the environment? A methodology called rational analysis is described for deriving predictions about cognitive phenomena using optimization assumptions. The predictions flow from the statistical structure of the environment and not the assumed structure of the mind. Bayesian inference is used, assuming that people start with a weak prior model of the world which they integrate with experience to develop (...)
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  39.  20
    The future of naturalism.John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.) - 2009 - Amherst, N.Y.: Humanity Books.
    Naturalism is widely regarded as the dominant philosophical worldview in the West. The prestige of science and the power of technology have driven naturalism to prominence, even as deep questions mount on all sides. In this volume of all new essays, prominent philosophers consider a wide variety of challenges to naturalism, proposing improved defenses and novel developments in this influential worldview. Some essays question whether naturalism is a unified philosophy, and try to determine how one or another variety of naturalism (...)
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  40.  21
    Human memory: An adaptive perspective.John R. Anderson & Robert Milson - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (4):703-719.
  41.  22
    Skill acquisition: Compilation of weak-method problem situations.John R. Anderson - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (2):192-210.
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  42.  34
    Recognition and retrieval processes in free recall.John R. Anderson & Gordon H. Bower - 1972 - Psychological Review 79 (2):97-123.
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  43. The Rediscovery of the Mind.John R. Searle - 1992 - MIT Press. Edited by Ned Block & Hilary Putnam.
    The title of The Rediscovery of the Mind suggests the question "When was the mind lost?" Since most people may not be aware that it ever was lost, we must also then ask "Who lost it?" It was lost, of course, only by philosophers, by certain philosophers. This passed unnoticed by society at large. The "rediscovery" is also likely to pass unnoticed. But has the mind been rediscovered by the same philosophers who "lost" it? Probably not. John Searle is (...)
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  44.  18
    Learning to Program in LISP1.John R. Anderson, Robert Farrell & Ron Sauers - 1984 - Cognitive Science 8 (2):87-129.
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  45.  8
    Pragmatism: An Annotated Bibliography 1898-1940.John R. Shook (ed.) - 1998 - BRILL.
    Designed to fill a large gap in American philosophy scholarship, this bibliography covers the first four decades of the pragmatic movement. It references most of the philosophical works by the twelve major figures of pragmatism: Charles S. Peirce, William James, John Dewey, George H. Mead, F.C.S. Schiller, Giovanni Papini, Giovanni Vailati, Guiseppe Prezzolini, Mario Calderoni, A.W. Moore, John E. Boodin, and C.I. Lewis. It also includes writings of dozens of minor pragmatic writers, along with those by commentators and (...)
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  46.  24
    Further arguments concerning representations for mental imagery: A response to Hayes-Roth and Pylyshyn.John R. Anderson - 1979 - Psychological Review 86 (4):395-406.
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  47. Ethics and the Conduct of Business.John R. Boatright - 1994 - Journal of Business Ethics 13 (6):446-454.
     
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  48. Executive compensation : unjust or just right?John R. Boatright - 2010 - In George G. Brenkert & Tom L. Beauchamp (eds.), The Oxford handbook of business ethics. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  49.  4
    Corporate Moral Agency.John R. Danley - 1999 - In Robert Frederick (ed.), A companion to business ethics. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell. pp. 243–256.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Feinberg's “methodological individualism” French and his critics Conclusion.
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  50.  31
    Methodologies for studying human knowledge.John R. Anderson - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (3):467-477.
    The appropriate methodology for psychological research depends on whether one is studying mental algorithms or their implementation. Mental algorithms are abstract specifications of the steps taken by procedures that run in the mind. Implementational issues concern the speed and reliability of these procedures. The algorithmic level can be explored only by studying across-task variation. This contrasts with psychology's dominant methodology of looking for within-task generalities, which is appropriate only for studying implementational issues.The implementation-algorithm distinction is related to a number of (...)
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