Results for 'K. J. Friston'

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  1.  54
    Neural Correlates of Perceptual Rivalry in the Human Brain.E. D. Lumer, K. J. Friston & Geraint Rees - 1998 - Science 280 (5371):1930-1934.
  2.  5
    A Response to Our Theatre Critics.J. A. Hobson & K. J. Friston - 2016 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 23 (3-4):245-254.
    We would like to thank Dolega and Dewhurst for a thought-provoking and informed deconstruction of our article, which we take as applause from valued members of our audience. In brief, we fully concur with the theatre-free formulation offered by Dolega and Dewhurst and take the opportunity to explain why we used the Cartesian theatre metaphor. We do this by drawing an analogy between consciousness and evolution. This analogy is used to emphasize the circular causality inherent in the free energy principle. (...)
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  3.  2
    Andreas K. Engel, Karl J. Friston.Guido Baggio - 2020 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 12 (1).
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  4.  6
    The Pragmatic Turn: Toward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science.Andreas K. Engel, Karl J. Friston & Danica Kragic (eds.) - 2016 - MIT Press.
    Cognitive science is experiencing a pragmatic turn away from the traditional representation-centered framework toward a view that focuses on understanding cognition as "enactive." This enactive view holds that cognition does not produce models of the world but rather subserves action as it is grounded in sensorimotor skills. In this volume, experts from cognitive science, neuroscience, psychology, robotics, and philosophy of mind assess the foundations and implications of a novel action-oriented view of cognition. Their contributions and supporting experimental evidence show that (...)
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  5.  10
    From Generative Models to Generative Passages: A Computational Approach to (Neuro) Phenomenology.Maxwell J. D. Ramstead, Anil K. Seth, Casper Hesp, Lars Sandved-Smith, Jonas Mago, Michael Lifshitz, Giuseppe Pagnoni, Ryan Smith, Guillaume Dumas, Antoine Lutz, Karl Friston & Axel Constant - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-29.
    This paper presents a version of neurophenomenology based on generative modelling techniques developed in computational neuroscience and biology. Our approach can be described as computational phenomenology because it applies methods originally developed in computational modelling to provide a formal model of the descriptions of lived experience in the phenomenological tradition of philosophy. The first section presents a brief review of the overall project to naturalize phenomenology. The second section presents and evaluates philosophical objections to that project and situates our version (...)
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  6.  69
    Degeneracy and Cognitive Anatomy.Cathy J. Price & Karl J. Friston - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (10):416-421.
  7.  14
    Thucydides. Book Vii. Ed. K. J. Dover. Oxford: The Clarendon Press. 1965. Pp. Xxxviii + 78. 1 Map. 18s.N. G. L. Hammond & K. J. Dover - 1966 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 86:186-187.
  8. The Nature of Explanation.K. J. W. Craik - 1944 - Philosophy 19 (73):173-174.
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  9. K. J. WU "Discovering Formal Logic". [REVIEW]K. G. Ferguson - 1995 - History and Philosophy of Logic 16 (2):285.
  10. Computational Psychiatry.P. Read Montague, Raymond J. Dolan, Karl J. Friston & Peter Dayan - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (1):72-80.
  11.  21
    Attention, Predictions and Expectations, and Their Violation: Attentional Control in the Human Brain.Simone Vossel, Joy J. Geng & Karl J. Friston - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  12.  36
    K. I. Kalliphatides: (1) Ρμηνευτικ Σ Παρατηρ Σεις Στ Ν Δι Λογο Τ Ν Mηλ Ων. (2) Ρμηνευτικ Σ Παρατηρ Σεις Στ Ν Δι Λογο Τ Ν Mηλ Ων, I. Pp. 48, 12. Thessaloniki: Privately Printed, 1965. Paper.R. Weil: Thucydide: La Guerre du Péloponnèse: Périclès. Pp. 105; Map. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France, 1965. Paper, 9 Fr. [REVIEW]K. J. Dover - 1968 - The Classical Review 18 (01):109-.
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  13.  48
    K. J. McKay: Erysichthon, a Callimachean Comedy. Pp.X + 202. Leiden: Brill, 1962. Paper, Fl. 25.J. Griffin - 1964 - The Classical Review 14 (3):338-339.
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  14.  61
    Executive Functions in Insight Versus Non-Insight Problem Solving: An Individual Differences Approach.K. J. Gilhooly & E. Fioratou - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):355-376.
  15.  40
    W. J. W. Koster: Scholia Recentiora in Nubes . Pp. cxxviii + 476; 1 plate. Groningen: Bouma, 1974. Cloth, fl. 320.K. J. Dover - 1978 - The Classical Review 28 (1):149-149.
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  16.  38
    K.-J. Hölkeskamp Die Entstehung der Nobilität. Studien zur sozialen und politischen Geschichte der Römischen Republik im 4. Jh. v. Chr. 2., erweiterte Auflage. Pp. xxxiv + 344, map. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2011 . Paper, €47. ISBN: 978-3-515-09883-0. [REVIEW]Marleen K. Termeer - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (1):298-299.
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  17.  76
    Differentiating Insight From Non-Insight Problems.K. J. Gilhooly & P. Murphy - 2005 - Thinking and Reasoning 11 (3):279 – 302.
    This study aimed to investigate whether a range of tasks that have been generally classed as requiring insight form an empirically separable group of tasks distinct from tasks generally classed as non-insight. In this study, 24 insight tasks, 10 non-insight tasks, and tests of individual differences in cognitive abilities and working memory were administered to 60 participants. Cluster analysis of the problem-solving tasks indicated that the presumed insight problems did tend to cluster with other presumed insight problems, and similarly the (...)
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  18.  45
    Dr. J. Veenhof, Revelatie en Inspiratie. De Openbarings- en Schriftbeschouwing van Herman Bavinck in vergelijking met die van de ethische theologie. Uitg. Buijten & Schipperheijn, 1968, Amsterdam. 710 p., f 57,50. (Uitgegeven met steun van de Nederlandse Organisatie voor zuiver-wetenschappelijk onderzoek (Z.W.O.)). [REVIEW]K. J. P. Editors - 1969 - Philosophia Reformata 34 (1-2):80-84.
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  19. Glock, J.-J.-A Wittgenstein Dictionary.K. J. Morris - 1997 - Philosophical Books 38:109-111.
     
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  20.  68
    Insight and Creative Thinking Processes: Routine and Special.K. J. Gilhooly, Linden J. Ball & Laura Macchi - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):1-4.
    In recent years there has been an upsurge of research aimed at removing the mystery from insight and creative problem solving. The present special issue reflects this expanding field. Overall the papers gathered here converge on a nuanced view of insight and creative thinking as arising from multiple processes that can yield surprising solutions through a mixture of “special” Type 1 processes and “routine” Type 2 processes.
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  21. PERRY, J.-Dialogue on Good, Evil, and the Existence of God.K. J. Clark - 2001 - Philosophical Books 42 (2):158-160.
     
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  22.  22
    Exploration, Novelty, Surprise, and Free Energy Minimization.Philipp Schwartenbeck, Thomas FitzGerald, Raymond J. Dolan & Karl Friston - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  23.  34
    Bayesian Inferences About the Self : A Review.Michael Moutoussis, Pasco Fearon, Wael El-Deredy, Raymond J. Dolan & Karl J. Friston - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 25:67-76.
    Viewing the brain as an organ of approximate Bayesian inference can help us understand how it represents the self. We suggest that inferred representations of the self have a normative function: to predict and optimise the likely outcomes of social interactions. Technically, we cast this predict-and-optimise as maximising the chance of favourable outcomes through active inference. Here the utility of outcomes can be conceptualised as prior beliefs about final states. Actions based on interpersonal representations can therefore be understood as minimising (...)
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  24.  35
    Confounds in Moral/Conventional Studies.K. J. P. Quintelier & D. M. T. Fessler - 2015 - Philosophical Explorations 18 (1):58-67.
    In ‘The nature of moral judgments and the extent of the moral domain’, Fraser criticises findings by Kelly et al. that speak against the moral/conventional distinction, arguing that the experiment was confounded. First, we note that the results of that experiment held up when confounds were removed . Second, and more importantly, we argue that attempts to prove the existence of a M/C distinction are systematically confounded. In contrast to Fraser, we refer to data that support our view. We highlight (...)
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  25.  23
    The Next Admissible Set.K. J. Barwise, R. O. Gandy & Y. N. Moschovakis - 1971 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 36 (1):108-120.
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  26.  25
    Dr. H. J. Heering, Tragiek, van Aeschylus Tot Sartre, Den Haag, Boucher, 1961; 241 Pp. Geb. F 12,90; Ing. F 10,—. [REVIEW]K. J. P. Editors - 1969 - Philosophia Reformata 34 (1-2):73-77.
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  27.  9
    Dr C. J. BLEEKER, Inleiding tot een phaenomenologie van den godsdienst. Assen, Van Gorcum & Co., 1934.K. J. Cremer - 1937 - Philosophia Reformata 2 (3):188-190.
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  28.  17
    The Trial of Socrates.K. J. Dover & I. F. Stone - 1990 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 110 (2):239-240.
  29.  53
    Reports of Specific Indefinites.K. J. Saebo - 2013 - Journal of Semantics 30 (3):267-314.
    Utterances of sentences with an indefinite can sometimes be reported with a referential term instead, notably if the indefinite was ‘specific’ but a referential term would not have been appropriate in the original utterance situation. This motivates a reassessment of indefinites and of speech reports. Under the proposed analyses, specific indefinites are referential with respect to what will be called the speaker’s context, as distinct from the common context, and this can shine through in speech reports because they can be (...)
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  30. Klaus Reinhardt, "Pedro Luis, S. J. und sein verständnis der kontingenz, praescienz und praeDestination. Ein beitrag zur frühgeschichte Des molinismus". [REVIEW]K. J. Becker - 1966 - Theologie Und Philosophie 41 (1):107.
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  31.  11
    Der Streit um den Altar der Viktoria. Die Texte der betreffenden Schriften des Symmachus und Ambrosius mit Einleitung, Uebersetzung und Kommentar. Von Dr J. WYTZES . Amsterdam, Paris 1936. [REVIEW]K. J. Popma - 1938 - Philosophia Reformata 3 (1):62-63.
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  32.  25
    Illusionist Integrated Information Theory.K. J. McQueen - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (5-6):141-169.
    The integrated information theory is a promising theory of consciousness. However, there are several problems with IIT's axioms and postulates. Moreover, IIT entails that some twodimensional grids of identical logic gates have more consciousness than humans. Many have found this prediction to be implausible, and as will be argued here, this prediction also exacerbates the so-called 'hard problem of consciousness'. Recently, it has been argued that if we treat the phenomenological aspects of consciousness as an illusion, we can avoid the (...)
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  33. Aristophanes' Speech in Plato's Symposium.K. J. Dover - 1966 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 86:41-50.
  34.  31
    Towards a Theory of Definite Descriptions.K. J. J. Hintikka - 1958 - Analysis 19 (4):79 - 85.
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  35.  6
    The Development of Aristotle Illustrated From the Earliest Books of the Physics, Door H. E. RUNNER. J. H. Kok N.V., Kampen 1951. [REVIEW]K. J. Popma - 1953 - Philosophia Reformata 18 (1-4):139-140.
  36.  8
    Technology Changes the Ethical Stakes in HIV Surveillance and Prevention: Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Reassessing the Ethics of Molecular HIV Surveillance in the Era of Cluster Detection and Response”.Stephen Molldrem & Anthony K. J. Smith - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (10):W1-W3.
    Volume 20, Issue 10, October 2020, Page W1-W3.
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  37. Approaches to Natural Language.K. J. J. Hintikka, J. M. E. Moravcsik & P. Suppes - 1973 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 35 (3):666-668.
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  38.  18
    The Case for Animal Emotions: Modeling Neuropsychiatric Disorders.K. J. Sufka, M. Weldon & C. Allen - 2009 - In John Bickle (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. pp. 522--536.
  39.  12
    OCHEMA, Geschiedenis en zin van het hylisch pluralisme, door Dr. J. J. Poortman, II , VI-A , VI-B , VI-CD . De delen VI-A, VI-B en VI-CD hebben de kortere ondertitel „De zin van het hylisch pluralisme". Uitgave van de N.V. Van Gorcum & Co, Assen. [REVIEW]K. J. P. Editors - 1969 - Philosophia Reformata 34 (1-2):68-72.
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  40.  42
    Incubation and Suppression Processes in Creative Problem Solving.K. J. Gilhooly, G. J. Georgiou, M. Sirota & A. Paphiti-Galeano - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):130-146.
    The present study investigated the role of thought suppression in incubation, using a delayed incubation paradigm. A total of 301 participants were tested over five conditions, viz., continuous work control, incubation with a mental rotations interpolated task, focussed suppression, unfocussed suppression and a conscious expression condition. Checks were made for intermittent work during the incubation condition. The target task was alternative uses for a brick. In the incubation and suppression conditions, participants worked for 4 minutes, then had a break during (...)
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  41. Motivators and Enablers of SCOURing: A Study of Online Piracy in the US and UK.K. J. Shanahan & M. R. Hyman - 2010 - Journal of Business Research 63 (9):1095--1102.
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  42.  14
    Dithyramb, Tragedy and Comedy. [REVIEW]K. J. Dover & A. W. Pickard-Cambridge - 1964 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 84:161-162.
  43.  48
    Consciousness, Cortical Function, and Pain Perception in Nonverbal Humans.K. J. S. Anand - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):82-83.
    Postulating the subcortical organization of human consciousness provides a critical link for the construal of pain in patients with impaired cortical function or cortical immaturity during early development. Practical implications of the centrencephalic proposal include the redefinition of pain, improved pain assessment in nonverbal humans, and benefits of adequate analgesia/anesthesia for these patients, which certainly justify the rigorous scientific efforts required. (Published Online May 1 2007).
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  44. Category-Based Similarity.K. J. Kurtz - 1996 - In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 290.
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  45.  21
    A Formal Model of Interpersonal Inference.Michael Moutoussis, Nelson J. Trujillo-Barreto, Wael El-Deredy, Raymond J. Dolan & Karl J. Friston - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  46. Program-Length Commercials and Host Selling by the WWF.K. J. Shanahan & M. R. Hyman - 2001 - Business and Society Review 106 (4):379--393.
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  47. Approaches to Natural Language.K. J. J. Hintikka, J. M. E. Moravcsik & P. Suppes - 1975 - Foundations of Language 12 (4):537-560.
  48.  22
    Modelling the Time Allocation Effects of Basic Income.K. J. Bernhard Neumärker & Ana Helena Palermo Kuss - 2018 - Basic Income Studies 13 (2).
    Most of the economic models on basic income account just for pecuniary forms of work, i. e. “time spent making money”, in employment. This restriction is a drawback of these analyses and of the standard economic labor supply model itself. If one wants to understand the potential effects of basic income on individual and social welfare, one should not restrict observation to the pecuniary uses of time. The objective of this contribution is to rethink the meaning of work usually applied (...)
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  49.  3
    Recherches sur les mètres de la lyrique chorale grecque: la structure du vers. By J. Irigoin. Paris: Klincksieck, 1953. Pp. 105. Price not stated. [REVIEW]K. J. Dover & J. Irigoin - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:194-195.
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  50.  32
    Conversational Contrast and Conventional Parallel: Topic Implicatures and Additive Presuppositions.K. J. Saebo - 2004 - Journal of Semantics 21 (2):199-217.
    Additive particles or adverbs like too or again are sometimes obligatory. This does not follow from the meaning commonly ascribed to them. I argue that the text without the additive is incoherent because the context contradicts a contrast implicature stemming from the additive's associate, and that the text with the additive is coherent because the presupposed alternative is added to the associate, so that the implicature does not concern that alternative. I show that this analysis is better than the account (...)
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