Results for 'Kurt Kaczamarek'

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  1.  75
    Seeing with the brain.Paul Bach-Y.-Rita, Mitchell Tyler & Kurt Kaczamarek - 2003 - International Journal Of Human-Computer Interaction 15 (2):285-295.
  2. The place of reasons in epistemology.Kurt Sylvan & Ernest Sosa - 2018 - In Daniel Star (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Reasons and Normativity. New York, NY, United States of America: Oxford University Press.
    This paper considers the place of reasons in the metaphysics of epistemic normativity and defends a middle ground between two popular extremes in the literature. Against members of the ‘reasons first’ movement, we argue that reasons are not the sole fundamental constituents of epistemic normativity. We suggest instead that the virtue-theoretic property of competence is the key building block. To support this approach, we note that reasons must be possessed to play a role in the analysis of central epistemically normative (...)
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  3.  11
    The Normative Animal?: On the Anthropological Significance of Social, Moral and Linguistic Norms.Kurt Bayertz & Neil Roughley (eds.) - 2019 - Foundations of Human Interacti.
    It is often claimed that humans are rational, linguistic, cultural, or moral creatures. What these characterizations may all have in common is the more fundamental claim that humans are normative animals, in the sense that they are creatures whose lives are structured at a fundamental level by their relationships to norms. The various capacities singled out by discussion of rational, linguistic, cultural, or moral animals might then all essentially involve an orientation to obligations, permissions and prohibitions. And, if this is (...)
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  4.  95
    Dimensions of Moral Emotions.Kurt Gray & Daniel M. Wegner - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):258-260.
    Anger, disgust, elevation, sympathy, relief. If the subjective experience of each of these emotions is the same whether elicited by moral or nonmoral events, then what makes moral emotions unique? We suggest that the configuration of moral emotions is special—a configuration given by the underlying structure of morality. Research suggests that people divide the moral world along the two dimensions of valence (help/harm) and moral type (agent/patient). The intersection of these two dimensions gives four moral exemplars—heroes, villains, victims and beneficiaries—each (...)
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  5.  2
    The adventure of the human intellect: self, society and the divine in ancient world cultures.Kurt A. Raaflaub (ed.) - 2016 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    The Adventure of the Human Intellect presents the latest scholarship on the beginnings of intellectual history on a broad scope, encompassing ten eminent ancient or early civilizations from both the Old and New Worlds. Borrows themes from The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man (1946), updating an old topic with a new approach and up-to-date theoretical underpinning, evidence, and scholarship Provides a broad scope of studies, including discussion of highly developed ancient or early civilizations in China, India, West Asia, the Mediterranean, (...)
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  6.  80
    Beginning in Wonder: Suspensive Attitudes and Epistemic Dilemmas.Kurt Sylvan & Errol Lord - 2021 - In Nick Hughes (ed.), Epistemic Dilemmas. Oxford University Press.
    We argue that we can avoid epistemic dilemmas by properly understanding the nature and epistemology of the suspension of judgment, with a particular focus on conflicts between higher-order evidence and first-order evidence.
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  7.  13
    Homo sacer: il potere sovrano e la nuda vita.Kurt Flasch - 2005
    Ogni tentativo di ripensare le nostre categorie politiche deve muovere dalla consapevolezza che della distinzione classica fra zoé e bios, tra vita naturale ed esistenza politica (o tra l'uomo come semplice vivente e l'uomo come soggetto politico), non ne sappiamo piú nulla. Nel diritto romano arcaico homo sacer era un uomo che chiunque poteva uccidere senza commettere omicidio e che non doveva però essere messo a morte nelle forme prescritte dal rito. È la vita uccidibile e insacrificabile dell' 'uomo sacro' (...)
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  8. Evidence and Virtue (and Beyond).Kurt Sylvan - forthcoming - In Maria Lasonen-Aarnio & Clayton Littlejohn (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Evidence.
  9. What is Cantor’s continuum problem?Kurt Gödel - 1964 - In Paul Benacerraf & Hilary Putnam (eds.), Philosophy of Mathematics: Selected Readings. Englewood Cliffs, NJ, USA: Cambridge University Press. pp. 470–485.
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  10. An Epistemic Non-Consequentialism.Kurt L. Sylvan - 2020 - The Philosophical Review 129 (1):1-51.
    Despite the recent backlash against epistemic consequentialism, an explicit systematic alternative has yet to emerge. This paper articulates and defends a novel alternative, Epistemic Kantianism, which rests on a requirement of respect for the truth. §1 tackles some preliminaries concerning the proper formulation of the epistemic consequentialism / non-consequentialism divide, explains where Epistemic Kantianism falls in the dialectical landscape, and shows how it can capture what seems attractive about epistemic consequentialism while yielding predictions that are harder for the latter to (...)
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  11. The Blackwell Companion to Epistemology, 3rd edition.Kurt Sylvan, Ernest Sosa, Jonathan Dancy & Matthias Steup (eds.) - forthcoming - Wiley Blackwell.
     
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  12. What apparent reasons appear to be.Kurt Sylvan - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (3):587-606.
    Many meta-ethicists have thought that rationality requires us to heed apparent normative reasons, not objective normative reasons. But what are apparent reasons? There are two kinds of standard answers. On de dicto views, R is an apparent reason for S to \ when it appears to S that R is an objective reason to \ . On de re views, R is an apparent reason for S to \ when R’s truth would constitute an objective reason for S to \ (...)
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  13.  8
    A deduction model of belief.Kurt Konolige - 1986 - Los Atlos, Calif.: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers.
  14.  2
    Der gesunde Mensch.Kurt Böhme - 1943 - Berlin,: E. S. Mittler.
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  15. Paracelsus, Werk und Wirkung: Festgabe f. Kurt Goldammer zum 60. Geburtstag.Kurt Goldammer & Sepp Domandl (eds.) - 1975 - Wien: Verb. d. Wissenschaftl. Gesellschaften Österreichs.
  16.  4
    Kritik der wissenschaftlichen Vernunft.Kurt Hübner - 1978 - München: Alber.
  17. Der Begriff der Necessità im Denken Machiavellis.Kurt Kluxen - 1949 - Köln,:
  18.  2
    Die rechtsphilosophie William James'..Kurt Nassauer - 1943 - Bern,: Buchdruckerei G. Grunau & cie..
  19.  1
    Das system des Aristoteles.Kurt Reidemeister - 1943 - Berlin,: B. G. Teubner.
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  20.  3
    Bernard Bolzano (1781-1848): ein böhmischer Aufklärer.Kurt F. Strasser - 2020 - Wien: Böhlau Verlag.
    Beim Wort 'Aufklarung' denken wir zunachst und zumeist an Immanuel Kant und sein beruhmtes Diktum vom 'Ausgang des Menschen aus seiner selbstverschuldeten Unmundigkeit'. Doch die europaische Aufklarungsbewegung war vieldimensional und bewegte sich nicht nur in einer Richtung. Der bohmische Philosoph Bernard Bolzano (1781-1848) steht fur einen ganz anderen Pfad in der Geschichte der Aufklarung. Er war ein Philosoph der mitteleuropaischen Denkstromung, der eine Welt jenseits des Kapitalismus und der Ausbeutung des Planeten dachte. Er sah in der Aufklarung einen konkreten Auftrag (...)
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  21. Veritism Unswamped.Kurt Sylvan - 2018 - Mind 127 (506):381-435.
    According to Veritism, true belief is the sole fundamental epistemic value. Epistemologists often take Veritism to entail that all other epistemic items can only have value by standing in certain instrumental relations—namely, by tending to produce a high ratio of true to false beliefs or by being products of sources with this tendency. Yet many value theorists outside epistemology deny that all derivative value is grounded in instrumental relations to fundamental value. Veritists, I believe, can and should follow suit. After (...)
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  22. Prime Time (for the Basing Relation).Kurt Sylvan & Errol Lord - 2020 - In J. Adam Carter & Patrick Bondy (eds.), Well Founded Belief: New Essays on the Epistemic Basing Relation.
    It is often assumed that believing that p for a normative reason consists in nothing more than (i) believing that p for a reason and (ii) that reason’s corresponding to a normative reason to believe that p, where (i) and (ii) are independent factors. This is the Composite View. In this paper, we argue against the Composite View on extensional and theoretical grounds. We advocate an alternative that we call the Prime View. On this view, believing for a normative reason (...)
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  23.  1
    Vorsatz, wille und bedürfnis.Kurt Lewin - 1926 - Berlin,: J. Springer.
  24. Der Ignorabimus-Streit.Kurt Bayertz, Myriam Gerhard & Walter Jaeschke (eds.) - 2012 - Hamburg: Felix Meiner Verlag.
    In diesem Streit - ausgelöst durch Emil Du Bois-Reymonds Vortrag 'Über die Grenzen des Naturerkennens '(1872) - ging es nicht mehr um die Abgrenzung der Erklärungskompetenzen von Religion, Philosophie und Naturwissenschaft, sondern um die Frage, ob der so erfolgreichen Naturwissenschaft ebenfalls Erkenntnisgrenzen gesetzt seien: an den Problemen der Erkennbarkeit des Wesens der Materie und der Rückführbarkeit der subjektiven Qualitäten menschlichen Empfindens und Denkens auf materielle Zustände. Die Behauptung, es gebe Bereiche, die der Wissenschaft nicht nur mit den damaligen Mitteln, sondern (...)
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  25.  4
    Das Prinzip des Guten.Kurt F. Bloch - 1984 - Sankt Augustin: H. Richarz.
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  26. Augustin: Einf. in sein Denken.Kurt Flasch - 1980 - Stuttgart: Reclam.
  27. Verantwortung und Ethik in der naturwissenschaftlichen Forschung an Beispielen aus der Chemie und Pharmazie.Kurt Hansen - 1985 - In Hans Michael Baumgartner & Hansjürgen Staudinger (eds.), Entmoralisierung der Wissenschaften?: Physik und Chemie. München: Fink.
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  28.  2
    --Dann mag die Erde in der Sonne verglühen: Welten-Geist und Menschen-Schicksal: der soziale Gestaltwandel.Kurt Herberts - 1983 - Freiburg im Breisgau: Aurum Verlag.
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  29. Adapting theories of change for use in broader public policy contexts. Theories of change in evaluation of local government reforms.Kurt Houlberg & Olaf Rieper - 2024 - In Andrew Koleros, Marie-Hélène Adrien & Tony Tyrrell (eds.), Theories of change in reality: strengths, limitations and future directions. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  30.  3
    Das Eintrittsrecht in der Lebensversicherung (§ 177 VVG n. 7.).Kurt V. Laun - 1940 - De Gruyter.
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  31. Die Musik als tönende Weltidee.Kurt Johannes Mey - 1901 - Leipzig: H. Seemann.
    1. T. - Die metaphysischen Urgesetze der Melodik.
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  32. Realisme eller afradikalisering.Kurt Aagard Nielsen - 1985 - In Anders Molander & Arne Overrein (eds.), Det Moderna, från Rousseau till Habermas: texter från Nordiska sommaruniversitets studiekrets "Historia, historiefilosofi och historieskrivning". Aalborg: Nordiska sommaruniversitet.
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  33. Ancient Greece : man the measure of all things.Kurt A. Raaflaub - 2016 - In The adventure of the human intellect: self, society and the divine in ancient world cultures. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
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  34. Oben und Unten.Kurt Röttgers & Monika Schmitz-Emans (eds.) - 2013 - Verlag Die blaue Eule.
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  35.  3
    Die Gnosis: Wesen und Geschichte einer spätantiken Religion.Kurt Rudolph - 1980 - Leipzig: Koehler und Amelang.
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  36.  2
    Moderne gedanken über staat und erziehung bei Plato.Kurt Sternberg - 1924 - Berlin-Grunewald,: Dr. W. Rothschild.
  37. Staats-Philosophie..Kurt Sternberg - 1923 - Berlin,: Pan-Verlag, R. Heise.
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  38. Ein biotischer Organismus, Wege zum Organismusbegriff.Kurt H. F. Tessmann - 1986 - In Hans-Jürgen Stöhr (ed.), Natur- und Gesellschaftswissenschaften. Rostock: Die Universität.
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  39. Vom Objektiven Idealismus zur Hermeneutik : Trendelenburg und Dilthey.Kurt Walter Zeidler - 2016 - In Christian Damböck & Hans-Ulrich Lessing (eds.), Dilthey als Wissenschaftsphilosoph. Freiburg: Verlag Karl Alber.
     
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  40. Knowledge as a Non‐Normative Relation.Kurt Sylvan - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 97 (1):190-222.
    According to a view I’ll call Epistemic Normativism, knowledge is normative in the same sense in which paradigmatically normative properties like justification are normative. This paper argues against EN in two stages and defends a positive non-normativist alternative. After clarifying the target in §1, I consider in §2 some arguments for EN from the premise that knowledge entails justification. I first raise some worries about inferring constitution from entailment. I then rehearse the reasons why some epistemologists reject the Entailment Thesis (...)
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  41. The Possibility of Internalist Epistemology.Kurt Sylvan - forthcoming - In Ernest Sosa, Matthias Steup, John Turri & Blake Roeber (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Epistemology, 3rd edition. Wiley-Blackwell.
    Internalism holds that epistemic justification is determined by what is internal to the mind, not by facts about the mind-independent world. This paper introduces and defends a new kind of internalism that is rooted in rationalist ideas that have been neglected in recent epistemology, despite inspiring internalist projects in cognitive science. Ignoring rationalist insights has, I argue, damaged the prospects for internalism, by needlessly saddling internalists with empiricist burdens. Internalists can refuse these burdens by accepting a better philosophy of mind. (...)
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  42. Intentionality in Perspectival Structures.Kurt Dauer Keller - 2001 - Chiasmi International: Trilingual Studies Concerning Merleau-Ponty's Thoughts 3:375-397.
     
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  43. Respect and the reality of apparent reasons.Kurt L. Sylvan - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (10):3129-3156.
    Rationality requires us to respond to apparent normative reasons. Given the independence of appearance and reality, why think that apparent normative reasons necessarily provide real normative reasons? And if they do not, why think that mistakes of rationality are necessarily real mistakes? This paper gives a novel answer to these questions. I argue first that in the moral domain, there are objective duties of respect that we violate whenever we do what appears to violate our first-order duties. The existence of (...)
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  44. Mind Perception is the Essence of Morality.Kurt Gray, Liane Young & Adam Waytz - 2012 - Psychological Inquiry 23 (2):101-124.
    Mind perception entails ascribing mental capacities to other entities, whereas moral judgment entails labeling entities as good or bad or actions as right or wrong. We suggest that mind perception is the essence of moral judgment. In particular, we suggest that moral judgment is rooted in a cognitive template of two perceived minds—a moral dyad of an intentional agent and a suffering moral patient. Diverse lines of research support dyadic morality. First, perceptions of mind are linked to moral judgments: dimensions (...)
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  45. Epistemic Reasons I: Normativity.Kurt Sylvan - 2016 - Philosophy Compass 11 (7):364-376.
    This paper is an opinionated guide to the literature on normative epistemic reasons. After making some distinctions in §1, I begin in §2 by discussing the ontology of normative epistemic reasons, assessing arguments for and against the view that they are mental states, and concluding that they are not mental states. In §3, I examine the distinction between normative epistemic reasons there are and normative epistemic reasons we possess. I offer a novel account of this distinction and argue that we (...)
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  46. What is Cantor's Continuum Problem?Kurt Gödel - 1947 - The American Mathematical Monthly 54 (9):515--525.
  47. Russell's Mathematical Logic.Kurt Gödel - 1946 - In Paul Arthur Schilpp (ed.), The Philosophy of Bertrand Russell, 2nd edition. Evanston, IL: The Library of Living Philosophers, Inc.. pp. 123-154.
  48. Reasons: Wrong, Right, Normative, Fundamental.Kurt Sylvan & Errol Lord - 2019 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 15 (1).
    Reasons fundamentalists maintain that we can analyze all derivative normative properties in terms of normative reasons. These theorists famously encounter the Wrong Kind of Reasons problem, since not all reasons for reactions seem relevant for reasons-based analyses. Some have argued that this problem is a general one for many theorists, and claim that this lightens the burden for reasons fundamentalists. We argue in this paper that the reverse is true: the generality of the problem makes life harder for reasons fundamentalists. (...)
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  49.  61
    Principles of Topological Psychology.Kurt Lewin - 1936 - Philosophy of Science 3 (4):545-548.
  50.  4
    Hans Blumenberg: Philosoph in Deutschland: die Jahre 1945 bis 1966.Kurt Flasch - 2017 - Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.
    Front Cover -- Impressum -- Inhalt -- Vorwort -- Abkürzungen -- Erster Teil. 1945-1947: Ansätze -- I. Prolog im Ratskeller -- II. 1945: Anfang -- III. 1946: Atommoral -- IV. 1947: Der Wert des Scheins - Pascal -- Zweiter Teil. 1947-1950: Zwischen Husserl und Heidegger -- V. 1947: Ontologie -- VI. 1948-1950: Die ontologische Distanz -- VII. 1949: Fragen der Zeit -- Dritter Teil. 1950-1960: Neue Themen -- VIII. Um 1950 -- IX. 1951-1953: Natur - Technik - Wahrheit -- X. (...)
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