Results for 'Maggie Watson'

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  1.  39
    Balancing Autonomy and Responsibility: The Ethics of Generating and Disclosing Genetic Information.Nina Hallowell, Claire Foster, Ros Eeles, A. Ardern-Jones, Veronica Murday & Maggie Watson - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (2):74-79.
    Using data obtained during a retrospective interview study of 30 women who had undergone genetic testing—BRCA1/2 mutation searching—this paper describes how women, previously diagnosed with breast/ovarian cancer, perceive their role in generating genetic information about themselves and their families. It observes that when describing their motivations for undergoing DNA testing and their experiences of disclosing genetic information within the family these women provide care based ethical justifications for their actions. Finally, it argues that generating genetic information and disclosing this information (...)
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  2.  11
    Kesarcodi-Watson on Digby on Kesarcodi-Watson.Ian Kesarcodi-Watson - 1981 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 42 (1):125-127.
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  3.  42
    Assessing Miserly Information Processing: An Expansion of the Cognitive Reflection Test.Maggie E. Toplak, Richard F. West & Keith E. Stanovich - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):147-168.
  4. Entrevista: Yvonne Maggie. Uma Antropóloga No Campo: Dos Terreiros de Umbanda Às Salas de Aula de Escolas Públicas Do Rio de Janeiro.Ludmila Fernandes de Freitas, Yvonne Maggie & Ana Pires do Prado - 2013 - Enfoques: Sociologia e Antropologia da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro 13 (1).
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  5.  62
    Elbow Room: The Varieties of Free Will Worth Wanting.Gary Watson - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy 83 (9):517-522.
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  6. Agency and Answerability: Selected Essays.Gary Watson - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Since the 1970s Gary Watson has published a series of brilliant and highly influential essays on human action, examining such questions as: in what ways are we free and not free, rational and irrational, responsible or not for what we do? Moral philosophers and philosophers of action will welcome this collection, representing one of the most important bodies of work in the field.
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  7.  41
    The Rhetoric and Reality of Anthropomorphism in Artificial Intelligence.David S. Watson - 2019 - Minds and Machines 29 (3):417-440.
    Artificial intelligence has historically been conceptualized in anthropomorphic terms. Some algorithms deploy biomimetic designs in a deliberate attempt to effect a sort of digital isomorphism of the human brain. Others leverage more general learning strategies that happen to coincide with popular theories of cognitive science and social epistemology. In this paper, I challenge the anthropomorphic credentials of the neural network algorithm, whose similarities to human cognition I argue are vastly overstated and narrowly construed. I submit that three alternative supervised learning (...)
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  8.  30
    Philosophical Essays, Presented to John Watson.John Watson (ed.) - 1922 - Freeport, N.Y., Books for Libraries Press.
    A school of idealism: meditatio laici, by J. Cappon.--Beati possidentes, by R. M. Wenley.--Moral validity: a study in Platonism, by R. C. Lodge.--Plato and the poet's eidōla, by A. S. Ferguson.--Some reflections on Aristotle's theory of tragedy, by G. S. Brett.--The function of the phantasm in St. Thomas Aquinas, by H. Carr.--The development of the psychology of Maine de Biran, by N. J. Symons.--A plea for eclecticism, by H. W. Wright.--Some present-day tendencies in philosophy, by J. M. MacEachran.--Evolution and personality, (...)
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  9.  76
    Is Atheism a ‘Faith’ Position? A Reply to Brendon Larvor and Marilyn Mason: Watson Is Atheism a Faith Position.Brenda Watson - 2006 - Think 4 (12):43-48.
    The on-going debate over religious eduction in schools takes a new turn, with Brenda Watson arguing that atheism is just as much a ‘faith position’ as theism.
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  10.  49
    Should Philosophy Replace Religious Education? Reflections Following Brendan Larvor's Article ‘Tu Quoque, Archbishop’: Watson Philosophy and Religious Education.Brenda Watson - 2005 - Think 3 (9):7-12.
    In Think, Issue 7, Brendan Larvor took the Archbishop of Canterbury to task for suggesting that atheism and humanism should not be taught in schools alongside the major faiths. Here, Brenda Watson defends the Archbishop's position.
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  11. Cartesian Views: Papers Presented to Richard A. Watson.Richard A. Watson & Thomas M. Lennon (eds.) - 2003 - Brill.
    A dozen papers by internationally known scholars explore questions largely unthinkable without Richard Watson's classic Downfall of Cartesianism: Descartes in Holland, Descartes and Simon Foucher, and issues raised by Descartes for philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, translation and toleration.
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  12. The Smith-Watson System of Memory & Mental Training, by W.K. Smith and A. Watson.William K. Smith & Alfred Watson - 1892
     
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  13.  25
    Role Asymmetry and Code Transmission in Signaling Games: An Experimental and Computational Investigation.Maggie Moreno & Giosuè Baggio - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (5):918-943.
    In signaling games, a sender has private access to a state of affairs and uses a signal to inform a receiver about that state. If no common association of signals and states is initially available, sender and receiver must coordinate to develop one. How do players divide coordination labor? We show experimentally that, if players switch roles at each communication round, coordination labor is shared. However, in games with fixed roles, coordination labor is divided: Receivers adjust their mappings more frequently, (...)
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  14.  17
    Actions.Gary Watson - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (8):464-469.
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  15.  38
    Validation of a Perceptions of Care Adjective Checklist.Maggie Redshaw & Colin R. Martin - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (2):281-288.
  16. Free Agency.Gary Watson - 2003 - In Free Will. Oxford University Press.
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  17.  3
    Can I Die?–An Essay in Religious Philosophy: Ian Kesarcodi-Watson.Ian Kesarcodi-Watson - 1980 - Religious Studies 16 (2):163-178.
    Often we feel there is something odd about death, and especially about our own. This latter at least we often feel beyond our ken. Well, I think in a sense it may be; but in another, clearly is not. Among those who have felt this strangeness is Ramchandra Gandhi who, in an excellent recent work, The Availability of Religious Ideas , maintained – There is no difficulty in seeing that I cannot intelligibly conceive of my own death – the ceasing (...)
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  18.  70
    Moving Beyond Secularist/Religious Apartheid? – A Comment Following Paul Kurtz's Article ‘Morality is Natural’: Watson Moving Beyond Secularist/Religious Apartheid?Brenda Watson - 2009 - Think 8 (22):107-115.
    Paul Kurtz's article ‘Morality is natural’ in THINK 15 was most stimulating. It left me, however, somewhat dissatisfied. Whilst he is clearly right that that there is a fund of moral wisdom that has been developed by humankind, I question whether distancing morality from religion is the important priority for us today.
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  19.  72
    The Meaning and the Mystery of Life: Response to an Article by Laurence Peddle : Watson the Meaning and the Mystery of Life.Brenda Watson - 2014 - Think 13 (36):93-104.
    Laurence Peddle's article ‘the Meaning and the Mystery of Life’ poses fascinating questions concerning the purpose or non-purpose of life and the interpretation of experience. My response questions his use of terms such as meaning, mystery and life-after-death, and his appeal to Hume on personal identity. Reason per se cannot take us all the way, nevertheless I enumerate reasons for caution in dismissing other people's self-understanding. The link between interpretation of experience and assumptions already held argues strongly for accepting the (...)
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  20.  14
    Conceptual Challenges to the Harm Threshold.Maggie Taylor - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (5):502-508.
    Children are presumptively regarded as incompetent to make their own medical decisions, and the responsibility for making such decisions typically falls to parents. Parental authority is not unlimited, however, and ethical guidelines identifying appropriate bounds on this authority are needed. One proposal currently gaining support is the Harm Threshold (HT), which asserts that the state may only legitimately intervene in parental decision-making when serious and preventable harm to children is likely. This paper considers two questions: in virtue of what underlying (...)
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  21. Free Will.Gary Watson (ed.) - 1982 - Oxford University Press.
    The new edition of this highly successful text will once again provide the ideal introduction to free will. This volume brings together some of the most influential contributions to the topic of free will during the past 50 years, as well as some notable recent work.
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  22.  23
    Derrida, Stengers, Latour, and Subalternist Cosmopolitics.Matthew C. Watson - 2014 - Theory, Culture and Society 31 (1):75-98.
    Postcolonial science studies entails ostensibly contradictory critical and empirical commitments. Science studies scholars influenced by Bruno Latour and Isabelle Stengers embrace forms of realist, radical empiricism, while postcolonial studies scholars influenced by Jacques Derrida trace the limits of the knowable. This essay takes their common use of the term cosmopolitics as an unexpected point of departure for reconciling Derrida’s program with Stengers’s and Latour’s. I read Derrida’s critique of hospitality and Stengers’s and Latour’s ontological politics as necessary complements for conceiving (...)
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  23.  14
    Motherhood and Resilience Among Rwandan Genocide‐Rape Survivors.Maggie Zraly, Sarah E. Rubin & Donatilla Mukamana - 2013 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 41 (4):411-439.
  24.  87
    The Shoulders of Giants: A Case for Non-Veritism About Expert Authority.Jamie Watson - 2018 - Topoi 37 (1):39-53.
    Among social epistemologists, having a certain proportion of reliably formed beliefs in a subject matter is widely regarded as a necessary condition for cognitive expertise. This condition is motivated by the idea that expert testimony puts subjects in a better position than non-expert testimony to obtain knowledge about a subject matter. I offer three arguments showing that veritism is an inadequate account of expert authority because the reliable access condition renders expertise incapable of performing its social role. I then develop (...)
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  25.  37
    The explanation game: a formal framework for interpretable machine learning.David S. Watson & Luciano Floridi - forthcoming - Synthese:1-32.
    We propose a formal framework for interpretable machine learning. Combining elements from statistical learning, causal interventionism, and decision theory, we design an idealised explanation game in which players collaborate to find the best explanation for a given algorithmic prediction. Through an iterative procedure of questions and answers, the players establish a three-dimensional Pareto frontier that describes the optimal trade-offs between explanatory accuracy, simplicity, and relevance. Multiple rounds are played at different levels of abstraction, allowing the players to explore overlapping causal (...)
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  26. Free Will, 2nd Ed.Gary Watson - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
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  27. Religions and Comparative Thought: Essays in Honour of the Late Dr. Ian Kesarcodi-Watson.Ian Kesarcodi-Watson, Puruṣottama Bilimoria & Peter G. Fenner (eds.) - 1988 - Sri Satguru Publications.
  28.  7
    Motherhood and Resilience Among Rwandan Genocide-Rape Survivors.Maggie Zraly, Sarah E. Rubin & Donatilla Mukamana - 2013 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 41 (4):411-439.
  29.  12
    Moral Expertise: New Essays From Theoretical and Clinical Bioethics.Jamie Carlin Watson & Laura K. Guidry-Grimes (eds.) - 2018 - Springer International Publishing.
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  30. The Watson-Crick Model and Reductionism.Kenneth F. Schaffner - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (4):325-348.
  31.  16
    Clinical Applications of Machine Learning Algorithms: Beyond the Black Box.David S. Watson, Jenny Krutzinna, Ian N. Bruce, Christopher E. M. Griffiths, Iain B. McInnes, Michael R. Barnes & Luciano Floridi - 2019 - British Medical Journal 364:I886.
    Machine learning algorithms may radically improve our ability to diagnose and treat disease. For moral, legal, and scientific reasons, it is essential that doctors and patients be able to understand and explain the predictions of these models. Scalable, customisable, and ethical solutions can be achieved by working together with relevant stakeholders, including patients, data scientists, and policy makers.
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  32.  49
    Crowdsourced Science: Sociotechnical Epistemology in the E-Research Paradigm.David Watson & Luciano Floridi - 2018 - Synthese 195 (2):741-764.
    Recent years have seen a surge in online collaboration between experts and amateurs on scientific research. In this article, we analyse the epistemological implications of these crowdsourced projects, with a focus on Zooniverse, the world’s largest citizen science web portal. We use quantitative methods to evaluate the platform’s success in producing large volumes of observation statements and high impact scientific discoveries relative to more conventional means of data processing. Through empirical evidence, Bayesian reasoning, and conceptual analysis, we show how information (...)
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  33.  55
    Reply by Margaret J. Osler and Richard A. Watson.Margaret J. Osler & Richard A. Watson - 2003 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (3):407-407.
  34. Asserting and Promising.Gary Watson - 2004 - Philosophical Studies 117 (1-2):57-77.
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  35.  8
    Autistic People May Lack Social Motivation, Without Being Any Less Human.Sue Fletcher-Watson & Catherine J. Crompton - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    In arguing that autistic people are socially motivated, Jaswal & Akhtar miss the opportunity to puncture the notion that social motivation is a prerequisite for humanity. Instead, we contend that some autistic people may indeed find social interactions to be unmotivating and that this doesn't have to be seen as a problem.
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  36. Diritto E Tradizione: Circolazione, Decodificazione E Presistenza Delle Norme Giuridiche: Studi in Onore di Alan Watson Per la Laurea Honoris Causa in Scienze Politiche E Delle Relazioni Internazionali.Antonello Miranda & Alan Watson (eds.) - 2004 - Ila Palma.
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  37. Eklogai Studies in Honour of Thomas Finan and Gerard Watson.Thomas Finan, Gerard Watson & Kieran Mcgroarty - 2001
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  38. Critique de la Recherche de la Verité [of N. Malebranche]. Repr. Of the 1675 Ed. With a New Intr. By R.A. Watson.Simon Foucher, Nicolas Malebranche & Richard Allan Watson - 1969
     
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  39. The Self's Awareness of Itself: Bhaṭṭa Rāmakaṇṭha's Arguments Against the Buddhist Doctrine of No-Self.Alex Watson - 2006 - Sammlung de Nobili.
     
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  40.  29
    Educating for Good Questioning: A Tool for Intellectual Virtues Education.Lani Watson - 2018 - Acta Analytica 33 (3):353-370.
    Questioning is a familiar, everyday practice which we use, often unreflectively, in order to gather information, communicate with each other, and advance our inquiries. Yet, not all questions are equally effective and not all questioners are equally adept. Being a good questioner requires a degree of proficiency and judgment, both in determining what to ask and in deciding who, where, when, and how to ask. Good questioning is an intellectual skill. Given its ubiquity and significance, it is an intellectual skill (...)
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  41. The Philosophy of Kant as Contained in Extracts From His Own Writings, Selected and Tr. By J. Watson.Immanuel Kant & John Watson - 1888
     
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  42.  25
    Defining Features Versus Incidental Correlates of Type 1 and Type 2 Processing.Keith E. Stanovich & Maggie E. Toplak - 2012 - Mind and Society 11 (1):3-13.
    Many critics of dual-process models have mistaken long lists of descriptive terms in the literature for a full-blown theory of necessarily co-occurring properties. These critiques have distracted attention from the cumulative progress being made in identifying the much smaller set of properties that truly do define Type 1 and Type 2 processing. Our view of the literature is that autonomous processing is the defining feature of Type 1 processing. Even more convincing is the converging evidence that the key feature of (...)
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  43.  45
    Exploring the Determinants of Dual Goal Facilitation in a Rule Discovery Task.Maggie Gale & Linden J. Ball - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (3):294 – 315.
    Wason's standard 2-4-6 task requires discovery of a single rule and leads to around 20% solutions, whereas the dual goal (DG) version requires discovery of two rules and elevates solutions to over 60%. We report an experiment that aimed to discriminate between competing accounts of DG facilitation by manipulating the degree of complementarity between the to-be-discovered rules. Results indicated that perfect rule complementarity is not essential for task success, thereby undermining a key tenet of the goal complementarity account of DG (...)
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  44. Agency and Responsibility: A Common Sense Moral Psychology.Gary Watson - 2002 - Mind 111 (444):876-882.
  45.  7
    Anatomically Detailed Dolls Do Not Facilitate Preschoolers' Reports of a Pediatric Examination Involving Genital Touching.Maggie Bruck, Stephen J. Ceci, Emmett Francouer & Ashley Renick - 1995 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 1 (2):95.
  46.  7
    Reshaping What Counts as Care: Older People, Work and New Technologies.Celia Roberts & Maggie Mort - 2009 - Alter - European Journal of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche Sur le Handicap 3 (2):138-158.
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  47.  14
    The Need for Intellectual Diversity in Psychological Science: Our Own Studies of Actively Open-Minded Thinking as a Case Study.Keith E. Stanovich & Maggie E. Toplak - 2019 - Cognition 187:156-166.
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  48.  98
    Raz on Responsibility.Gary Watson - 2016 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 10 (3):395-409.
    Standard treatments of responsibility have been preoccupied with issues of blame and punishment, and concerns about free will. In contrast, Raz is concerned with problems about responsibility that arise from the “puzzle of moral luck,” puzzles that lead to misguided skepticism about negligence. We are responsible not only for conduct that is successfully guided by what we take to be our reasons for action, but also for misexercises of our rational capacities that escape our rational control. To deny this is (...)
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  49.  24
    Debating Same-Sex Marriage.John Corvino & Maggie Gallagher - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    Polls and election results show Americans sharply divided on same-sex marriage, and the controversy is unlikely to subside anytime soon. Debating Same-Sex Marriage provides an indispensable roadmap to the ongoing debate.
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  50.  5
    The Philosophy of Chrysippus.Gerard Watson - 1972 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (88):268-269.
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