Results for 'Martyn D. Pickersgill'

986 found
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  1.  64
    Debating DSM-5: diagnosis and the sociology of critique.Martyn D. Pickersgill - 2014 - Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (8):521-525.
    The development of the fifth edition of the American Psychiatric Association9s _Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders_—the DSM-5—has reenergised and driven further forward critical discourse about the place and role of diagnosis in mental health. The DSM-5 has attracted considerable criticism, not least about its role in processes of medicalisation. This paper suggests the need for a sociology of psychiatric critique. Sociological analysis can help map fields of contention, and cast fresh light on the assumptions and nuances of debate (...)
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  2.  28
    From 'Implications' to 'Dimensions': Science, Medicine and Ethics in Society. [REVIEW]Martyn D. Pickersgill - 2013 - Health Care Analysis 21 (1):31-42.
    Much bioethical scholarship is concerned with the social, legal and philosophical implications of new and emerging science and medicine, as well as with the processes of research that under-gird these innovations. Science and technology studies (STS), and the related and interpenetrating disciplines of anthropology and sociology, have also explored what novel technoscience might imply for society, and how the social is constitutive of scientific knowledge and technological artefacts. More recently, social scientists have interrogated the emergence of ethical issues: they have (...)
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  3.  11
    The Co-production of Science, Ethics, and Emotion.Martyn Pickersgill - 2012 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 37 (6):579-603.
    The concept of “ethical research” holds considerable sway over the ways in which contemporary biomedical, natural, and social science investigations are funded, regulated, and practiced within a variety of countries. Some commentators have viewed this “new” means of governance positively; others, however, have been resoundingly critical, regarding it as restrictive and ethics bodies and regulations unfit for the task they have been set. Regardless, it is clear that science today is an “ethical” business. The ways in which formal and informal (...)
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  4.  19
    The Endurance of Uncertainty: Antisociality and Ontological Anarchy in British Psychiatry, 1950–2010.Martyn Pickersgill - 2014 - Science in Context 27 (1):143-175.
    ArgumentResearch into the biological markers of pathology has long been a feature of British psychiatry. Such somatic indicators and associated features of mental disorder often intertwine with discourse on psychological and behavioral correlates and causes of mental ill-health. Disorders of sociality – particularly psychopathy and antisocial personality disorder – are important instances where the search for markers of pathology has a long history; research in this area has played an important role in shaping how mental health professionals understand the conditions. (...)
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  5.  22
    Neurobiological limits and the somatic significance of love: Caregivers’ engagements with neuroscience in Scottish parenting programmes.Tineke Broer, Martyn Pickersgill & Sarah Cunningham-Burley - 2020 - History of the Human Sciences 33 (5):85-109.
    While parents have long received guidance on how to raise children, a relatively new element of this involves explicit references to infant brain development, drawing on brain scans and neuroscientific knowledge. Sometimes called ‘brain-based parenting’, this has been criticised from within sociological and policy circles alike. However, the engagement of parents themselves with neuroscientific concepts is far less researched. Drawing on 22 interviews with parents/carers of children living in Scotland, this article examines how they account for their use of concepts (...)
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  6. Experiences of ethics, governance, and scientific practice in neuroscience research.Martyn Pickersgil - 2021 - In Graeme T. Laurie (ed.), The Cambridge handbook of health research regulation. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
  7.  10
    Psychiatry and the Sociology of Novelty: Negotiating the US National Institute of Mental Health “Research Domain Criteria”.Martyn Pickersgill - 2019 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 44 (4):612-633.
    In the United States, the National Institute of Mental Health is seeking to encourage researchers to move away from diagnostic tools like the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. A key mechanism for this is the “Research Domain Criteria” initiative, closely associated with former NIMH Director Thomas Insel. This article examines how key figures in US psychiatry construct the purpose, nature, and implications of the ambiguous RDoC project; that is, how its novelty is constituted through discourse. In this paper, (...)
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  8.  30
    The Movement of Research from the Laboratory to the Living Room: a Case Study of Public Engagement with Cognitive Science.Tineke Broer, Martyn Pickersgill & Ian J. Deary - 2016 - Neuroethics 9 (2):159-171.
    Media reporting of science has consequences for public debates on the ethics of research. Accordingly, it is crucial to understand how the sciences of the brain and the mind are covered in the media, and how coverage is received and negotiated. The authors report here their sociological findings from a case study of media coverage and associated reader comments of an article from Annals of Neurology. The media attention attracted by the article was high for cognitive science; further, as associates/members (...)
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  9.  26
    Research, engagement and public bioethics: promoting socially robust science.M. D. Pickersgill - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (11):698-701.
    Citizens today are increasingly expected to be knowledgeable about and prepared to engage with biomedical knowledge. In this article, I wish to reframe this ‘public understanding of science’ project, and place fresh emphasis on public understandings of research: an engagement with the everyday laboratory practices of biomedicine and its associated ethics, rather than with specific scientific facts. This is not based on an assumption that non-scientists are ‘ignorant’ and are thus unable to ‘appropriately’ use or debate science; rather, it is (...)
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  10.  59
    Clinical ethics: NICE guidelines, clinical practice and antisocial personality disorder: the ethical implications of ontological uncertainty.M. D. Pickersgill - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (11):668-671.
    The British National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence has recently released new guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of the psychiatric category antisocial personality disorder. Evident in these recommendations is a broader ambiguity regarding the ontology of ASPD. Although, perhaps, a mundane feature of much of medicine, in this case, ontological uncertainty has significant ethical implications as a product of the profound consequences for an individual categorised with this disorder. This paper argues that in refraining from emphasising uncertainty, (...)
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  11.  53
    Generating transformation semigroups using endomorphisms of preorders, graphs, and tolerances.James D. Mitchell, Michal Morayne, Yann Péresse & Martyn Quick - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (12):1471-1485.
    Let ΩΩ be the semigroup of all mappings of a countably infinite set Ω. If U and V are subsemigroups of ΩΩ, then we write U≈V if there exists a finite subset F of ΩΩ such that the subsemigroup generated by U and F equals that generated by V and F. The relative rank of U in ΩΩ is the least cardinality of a subset A of ΩΩ such that the union of U and A generates ΩΩ. In this paper (...)
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  12. Spiritual Depression: Its Causes and Cures.D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones - 1965
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  13. La dyade aidant-aidé : quand l’'ge et le sexe font obstacle au pouvoir d’agir'.Martyne-Isabel Rapin Forest - 2008 - Éthique Publique 10 (2).
    Qu’elle soit ingrate ou réussie, la vieillesse soulève des questions incontournables : celles de la mort et de la souffrance, de la responsabilité et de la vulnérabilité. Du silence et de la parole aussi. Être vulnérable, c’est être fragile, friable ; c’est avoir besoin de son prochain. La vulnérabilité est liée, notamment, à la maladie, au grand âge, à la dépendance ou au fardeau de l’aide. Or, les personnes aidées et aidantes sont surtout des femmes. Il y a les femmes (...)
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  14.  11
    Childhood Adversity and Affective Touch Perception: A Comparison of United Kingdom Care Leavers and Non-care Leavers.Shaunna L. Devine, Susannah C. Walker, Adarsh Makdani, Elizabeth R. Stockton, Martyn J. McFarquhar, Francis P. McGlone & Paula D. Trotter - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  15. Nijmegen, the Netherlands Stuart F. Spicker, Ph. D., Houston, USA.Martyn Evans, Franz Illhardt & Paul Schotsmans - 1993 - HEC Forum 5 (6):350-351.
     
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  16.  55
    Death in Denmark: a reply.D. Lamb - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (2):100-101.
    This reply to Martyn Evans's support for a cardiac-centered concept of death attempts to meet some objections to the brainstem definition of death. Evans's appeal to Wittgenstein's philosophy is also criticised.
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  17. D. Martyn Lloyd-Jones, "The Plight of Man and the Power of God". [REVIEW]Hiram J. Mclendon - 1943 - Philosophical Forum 1:36.
     
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  18.  21
    Medical humanities.Martyn Evans & Ilora G. Finlay (eds.) - 2001 - London: BMJ.
    The purpose of medical humanities is to improve the delivery of effective health care through a better understanding of disease in society, and in the individual. The interfaces between the science of medicine and the arts, philosophy, sociology and law interpret causes and effects of disease. The field of medical ethics is the most prominent offspring of this wider debate, yet the context of disease in the life of the individual and of society is profound and far-reaching. The influences of (...)
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  19.  30
    Listening to music.Martyn Evans - 1990 - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan.
    In this book the author argues that human musical understanding is rooted in the traditions of culture and that experience of music depends crucially on what the individual brings to it.
  20. Informal empire in crisis: British diplomacy and the Chinese customs succession, 1927-1929.Martyn Atkins - 2013 - Philosophy East and West 63 (2).
  21.  31
    Metaplasticity rendered visible in paint: How matter ‘matters’ in the lifeworld of Human action.Martyn Woodward - 2019 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 18 (1):113-132.
    Recent theoretical and philosophical movements within the study of material culture are more carefully attending to the variety of ways in which human artefacts, institutions, and cultural developments extend, shape and alter human cognition over time. Material Engagement Theory in particular has set out to map, explore and understand the relational nature of mind and material world as can be read through cultural artefacts. Within the context of MET, the neurological concept of metaplasticity has been expanded to include the affective (...)
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  22. What is a person.Martyn Evans - 2001 - In H. Ten Have & Bert Gordijn (eds.), Bioethics in a European perspective. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 141--155.
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  23.  20
    The holophrastic hypothesis: Conceptual and empirical issues.Martyn J. Barrett - 1982 - Cognition 11 (1):47-76.
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  24.  15
    Toward feasible and efficient DNA computation.Martyn Amos, Alan Gibbons & Paul E. Dunne - 1998 - Complexity 4 (1):20-24.
  25.  21
    The autonomy of the patient: Informed consent.Martyn Evans - 2001 - In H. Ten Have & Bert Gordijn (eds.), Bioethics in a European perspective. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 8--83.
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  26.  6
    Why might negative mood help or hinder inhibitory performance? An exploration of thinking styles using a Navon induction.Martyn Sean Gabel & Tara McAuley - 2022 - Cognition and Emotion 36 (4):705-712.
    Theories of affective influences on cognition posit that negative mood may increase cognitive load, causing a decrement in task performance (Seibert & Ellis, [1991]. Irrelevant thoughts, emotional mood states, and cognitive task performance. Memory & Cognition, 19(5), 507–513), or cause a shift to more analytic thinking, which benefits tasks requiring attention to detail (Schwarz & Clore, [1983]. Mood, misattribution, and judgments of well-being: Informative and directive functions of affective states. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45(3), 513–523). We previously reported (...)
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  27.  3
    Forgotten Pages in Baltic History: Diversity and Inclusion.Martyn Housden & David J. Smith (eds.) - 2011 - Editions Rodopi.
    The years from 1918 to 1945 remain central to European History. It was a breath-taking time during which the very best and very worst attributes of Mankind were on display. In the euphoria of peace which followed the end of the First World War, the Baltic States emerged as independent forces on the world stage, participating in thrilling experiments in national and transnational governance. Later, following economic collapse and in the face of rising totalitarianism among even Europe’s most cultured nations, (...)
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  28.  15
    Protein targeting to dense‐core secretory granules.Martyn A. J. Chidgey - 1993 - Bioessays 15 (5):317-321.
    Regulated secretory proteins are stored within specialized vesicles known as secretory granules. It is not known how proteins are sorted into these organelles. Regulated proteins may possess targeting signals which interact with specific sorting receptors in the lumen of the trans‐Golgi network (TGN) prior to their aggregation to form the characteristic dense‐core of the granule. Alternatively, sorting may occur as the result of specific aggregation of regulated proteins in the TGN. Aggregates may be directed to secretory granules by interaction of (...)
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  29.  12
    Indemnity and Liability for Human Volunteers — Ethical Considerations: The Victim's Perspective.Martyn Day - 2007 - Research Ethics 3 (1):14-17.
    There is much law and many guidelines surrounding the whole issue of the indemnity for human volunteers when it comes to clinical trials. The system that had been put in place to protect individual volunteer drug trialists seems largely to have worked by the fact that there are so few examples of legal cases being issued. However, recent events have shown that when the system fails it fails somewhat spectacularly. The difficulty for groups such as the ethics committee is that (...)
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  30.  5
    Birth control information.Edith How-Martyn - 1931 - The Eugenics Review 22 (4):325.
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  31.  8
    The world population conference.Edith How-Martyn - 1931 - The Eugenics Review 23 (1):94.
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  32.  10
    Carl O. Sauer: A TributeMartin S. Kenzer.Martyn J. Bowden - 1988 - Isis 79 (4):741-743.
  33.  19
    At the Genesis of a Research Idea: Defending and Defining a Duty Prior to Ethics Review.Martyn Denscombe, Gavin Dingwall & Tim Hillier - 2008 - Research Ethics 4 (2):73-75.
    This article challenges the assumption inherent in many ethics codes that duties only arise when the project is sufficiently advanced that a formal research proposal can be put before an ethics committee for approval. Certain social science methodologies do not lend themselves to a simple demarcation between the preparation and the implementation of the research. It is therefore imperative that consideration is given to researchers' ethical duties prior to formal review. The problem of demarcation and of defining a duty are (...)
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  34.  9
    Education, work and identity.Martyn Walker - 2014 - British Journal of Educational Studies 62 (3):364-366.
  35.  13
    “Encouragement of sound education amongst the industrial classes”: mechanics’ institutes and working-class membership 1838–1881.Martyn Walker - 2013 - Educational Studies 39 (2):142-155.
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  36.  6
    The Development of the Mechanics’ Institute Movement in Britain and Beyond: Supporting Further Education for the Adult Working Classes.Martyn Walker - 2016 - Routledge.
    This book questions the generally accepted view that mechanics’ institutes made little contribution to adult working-class education from their foundation in the 1820s to 1890. The book traces the historical development of several mechanics’ institutes across Britain, establishing that many supported both male and female working-class membership before state intervention at the end of the nineteenth century resulted in the development of further education for all. Chapters of the book draw on historical accounts in supporting the claim that the movement, (...)
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  37.  7
    Is ‘Representation’ a Folk Term? Some Thoughts on a Theme in Science Studies.Martyn Hammersley - 2022 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 52 (3):132-149.
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Volume 52, Issue 3, Page 132-149, June 2022. An influential strand within Science and Technology Studies rejects the idea that science produces representations referring to objects or processes that exist independently of it. This radical ‘turn’ has been framed as ‘constructionist’, ‘nominalist’, and more recently as ‘ontological’. Its central argument is that science constructs or enacts rather than represents. Since most practitioners of science believe that it involves representation, an implication of the radical turn must (...)
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  38.  66
    Does physiotherapy management of low back pain change as a result of an evidence‐based educational programme?Kay Stevenson, Martyn Lewis & Elaine Hay - 2006 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 12 (3):365-375.
    RATIONALE: The concept of evidence-based medicine is important in providing efficient health care. The process uses research findings as the basis for clinical decision making. Evidence-based practice helps optimize current health care and enables the practitioners to be suitably accountable for the interventions they provide. Little work has been undertaken to examine how allied health professionals change their clinical practice in light of the latest evidence. The use of opinion leaders to disseminate new evidence around the management of low back (...)
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  39. Foucault's Philosophy of Science: Structures of Truth/Structures of Power.Linda Martýn Alcoff - 2005 - In Gary Gutting (ed.), Continental Philosophy of Science. Blackwell. pp. 209–223.
    Michel Foucault’s formative years included the study not only of history and philosophy but also of psychology: two years after he took license in philosophy at the Sorbonne in 1948, he took another in psychology, and then obtained, in 1952, a Diplôme de Psycho Pathologie . From his earliest years at the Ecole Normale Superieur he had taken courses on general and social psychology with one of most influential psychologists of the time, Daniel Lagache, who was attempting to integrate psychoanalysis (...)
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  40.  44
    Reception Theory and the Interpretation of Historical Meaning.Martyn P. Thompson - 1993 - History and Theory 32 (3):248-272.
    The paper examines the very different insights of theorists into the interpretation of historical meaning of literary reception and Anglo-American theorists of the "new" history of political thought . Among the former, readers create meaning; among the latter, authorial intended meanings are fundamental. Both perspectives are valuable, but one-sided. The differences between them arise from different perspectives on the character of a text. But those perspectives are not as incompatible as has been supposed, especially by reception theorists. By examining the (...)
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  41.  24
    Alfred Schutz and ethnomethodology: Origins and departures.Martyn Hammersley - 2019 - History of the Human Sciences 32 (2):59-75.
    The work of Alfred Schutz was an important early influence on Harold Garfinkel and therefore on the development of ethnomethodology. In this article, I try to clarify what Garfinkel drew from Schutz, as well as what he did not take from him, specifically as regards the task of social inquiry. This is done by focusing in detail on one of Schutz’s key articles: ‘Concept and Theory Formation in the Social Sciences’. The aim is thereby to illuminate the relationship between Schutz’s (...)
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  42.  37
    Do physiotherapists' attitudes towards evidence‐based practice change as a result of an evidence‐based educational programme?Kay Stevenson, Martyn Lewis & Elaine Hay - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (2):207-217.
  43. .D. Graham J. Shipley - 2018
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  44.  85
    The 'medical body' as philosophy's arena.Martyn Evans - 2001 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (1):17-32.
    Medicine, as Byron Good argues, reconstitutes thehuman body of our daily experience as a medical body,unfamiliar outside medicine. This reconstitution can be seen intwo ways: as a salutary reminder of the extent to which thereality even of the human body is constructed; and as anarena for what Stephen Toulmin distinguishes as theintersection of natural science and history, in which many ofphilosophy''s traditional questionsare given concrete and urgent form.This paper begins by examining a number of dualities between themedical body and the (...)
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  45.  12
    Eicosanoids and aspirin in immune cell function.J. Martyn Bailey - 1985 - Bioessays 3 (2):60-65.
    Clonal expansion of T‐lymphocyte populations results from interactions of antigenic structures presented in combination with accessory cells (macrophages) and antibody recognition sites on the surface of T cells. The resulting activation of a membrane phospholipase C plays a crucial role in lymphocyte responses by releasing diglyceride and PIP3. The released diglyceride activates a cellular protein kinase C while PIP3 stimulates Ca2+ influx. Arachidonic acid released by the action of diglyceride lipase serves as substrate for the synthesis of bioactive eicosanoids (prostaglandins (...)
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  46.  5
    The Formation and Transmission of Western Legal Culture: 150 Books that Made the Law in the Age of Printing.Serge Dauchy, Georges Martyn, Anthony Musson, Heikki Pihlajamäki & Alain Wijffels (eds.) - 2016 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    This volume surveys 150 law books of fundamental importance in the history of Western legal literature and culture. The entries are organized in three sections: the first dealing with the transitional period of fifteenth-century editions of medieval authorities, the second spanning the early modern period from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century, and the third focusing on the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The contributors are scholars from all over the world. Each 'old book' is analyzed by a recognized specialist in (...)
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  47. Research as pedagogy in academic development : a case study.Ian M. Kinchin, Martyn Kingsbury & Stefan Yoshi Buhmann - 2018 - In Emma Medland, Richard Watermeyer, Anesa Hosein, Ian Kinchin & Simon Lygo-Baker (eds.), Pedagogical peculiarities: conversations at the edge of university teaching and learning. Boston: Brill Sense.
     
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  48.  9
    Pacific Academic Migrants: Re-shaping Spaces in Dynamic Times.Kabini Sanga & Martyn Reynolds - 2021 - Studies in Social Justice 14 (2):496-504.
    In a chronically migrant world, the academy is no exception. Academic migrants, who shift to another space and another world view, feature in the educational landscape of every continent. However, a global lens may not be useful in understanding their experiences, nor in seeking to support them in their endeavours. This dispatch discusses ways of understanding the intersections of space, movement and world view derived from Pacific thinking of various sources. The discussion is grounded in the activities of Leadership Pacific (...)
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  49.  14
    Bad world music.Timothy D. Taylor - 2004 - In Christopher Washburne & Maiken Derno (eds.), Bad music: the music we love to hate. New York: Routledge. pp. 83.
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  50.  50
    A Note On "Reason" and "History" in Late Seventeenth Century Political Thought.Martyn P. Thompson - 1976 - Political Theory 4 (4):491-504.
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