Results for 'semantic web'

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  1.  7
    Ontology, Semantic Web, Creativity.Semantic Web - 2011 - In Thomas Bartscherer (ed.), Switching Codes. Chicago University Press. pp. 101.
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  2. Semantics, Hermenutics, Statistics: Some Reflections on the Semantic Web.Graham White - forthcoming - Proceedings of HCI2011.
    We start with the ambition -- dating back to the early days of the semantic web -- of assembling a significant portion human knowledge into a contradiction-free form using semantic web technology. We argue that this would not be desirable, because there are concepts, known as essentially contested concepts, whose definitions are contentious due to deep-seated ethical disagreements. Further, we argue that the ninetenth century hermeneutical tradition has a great deal to say, both about the ambition, and about (...)
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  3.  19
    Peirce, Meaning, and the Semantic Web.Catherine Legg - 2013 - Semiotica 2013 (193):119-143.
    This paper seeks an explanation for the challenges faced by Semantic Web developers in achieving their vision, compared to the staggering near-instantaneous success of the World Wide Web. To this end it contrasts two broad philosophical understandings of meaning and argues that the choice between them carries real consequences for how developers attempt to engineer the Semantic Web. The first is Rene Descartes’ ‘private’, static account of meaning (arguably dominant for the last 400 years in Western thought) which (...)
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  4.  26
    Ontologies on the Semantic Web.Catherine Legg - 2007 - Annual Review of Information Science and Technology 41:407-451.
    As an informational technology, the World Wide Web has enjoyed spectacular success. In just ten years it has transformed the way information is produced, stored, and shared in arenas as diverse as shopping, family photo albums, and high-level academic research. The “Semantic Web” was touted by its developers as equally revolutionary but has not yet achieved anything like the Web’s exponential uptake. This 17 000 word survey article explores why this might be so, from a perspective that bridges both (...)
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  5.  30
    Semantic Web Regulatory Models: Why Ethics Matter.Pompeu Casanovas - 2015 - Philosophy and Technology 28 (1):33-55.
    The notion of validity fulfils a crucial role in legal theory. In the emerging Web 3.0, Semantic Web languages, legal ontologies, and normative multi-agent systems are designed to cover new regulatory needs. Conceptual models for complex regulatory systems shape the characteristic features of rules, norms, and principles in different ways. This article outlines one of such multilayered governance models, designed for the CAPER platform, and offers a definition of Semantic Web Regulatory Models . It distinguishes between normative-SWRM and (...)
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  6. Towards the Semantic Web Ontology-Driven Knowledge Management.J. Davies, Dieter Fensel & Frank Van Harmelen - 2003
     
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  7. Formal Ontology and Philosophical Content on the Semantic Web.Christopher Menzel - manuscript
     
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  8. Trends in Legal Knowledge: The Semantic Web and the Regulation of Electronic Social Systems: Papers From the B-4 Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and Law, May 25th- 27th 2005: Xxii World Congress of Philosophy Ivr '05 Granada, May 24th-29th 2005. [REVIEW]Pompeu Casanovas Romeu (ed.) - 2007 - European Press Academic.
  9. Web 2.0 Vs. The Semantic Web: A Philosophical Assessment.Luciano Floridi - 2009 - Episteme 6 (1):25-37.
    The paper develops some of the conclusions, reached in Floridi (2007), concerning the future developments of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and their impact on our lives. The two main theses supported in that article were that, as the information society develops, the threshold between online and offline is becoming increasingly blurred, and that once there won't be any significant difference, we shall gradually re-conceptualise ourselves not as cyborgs but rather as inforgs, i.e. socially connected, informational organisms. In this paper, (...)
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  10.  17
    Web 2.0 Vs. The Semantic Web: A Philosophical Assessment.Luciano Floridi - 2009 - Episteme 6 (1):25-37.
    The paper develops some of the conclusions, reached in Floridi (2007), concerning the future developments of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) and their impact on our lives. The two main theses supported in that article were that, as the information society develops, the threshold between online and offline is becoming increasingly blurred, and that once there won't be any significant difference, we shall gradually re-conceptualise ourselves not as cyborgs but rather as inforgs, i.e. socially connected, informational organisms. In this paper, (...)
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  11.  2
    Representing N-Ary Relations in the Semantic Web.Marco Giunti, Giuseppe Sergioli, Giuliano Vivanet & Simone Pinna - forthcoming - Logic Journal of the IGPL.
    Knowledge representation is a central issue for Artificial Intelligence and the Semantic Web. In particular, the problem of representing n-ary relations in RDF-based languages such as RDFS or OWL by no means is an obvious one. With respect to previous attempts, we show why the solutions proposed by the well known W3C Working Group Note on n-ary relations are not satisfactory on several scores. We then present our abstract model for representing n-ary relations as directed labeled graphs, and we (...)
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  12.  31
    Web of Data and Web of Entities: Identity and Reference in Interlinked Data in the Semantic Web.Paolo Bouquet, Heiko Stoermer & Massimiliano Vignolo - 2012 - Philosophy and Technology 25 (1):5-26.
    Using web standards, such as uniform resource identifiers (URIs), XML and HTTP, for naming and describing resources which are not information objects is the key difference between the Web as we know it today and the Semantic Web. Naming and interlinking this type of resources by HTTP URIs (instead of individual constants in a formal language) is the key feature which distinguishes traditional knowledge representation from web-scale knowledge representation. However, this use of URIs brought back attention to the old (...)
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  13.  41
    Working the Crowd: Design Principles and Early Lessons From the Social-Semantic Web.Colin Allen - unknown
    The Indiana Philosophy Ontology (InPhO) project is presented as one of the first social-semantic web endeavors which aims to bootstrap feedback from users unskilled in ontology design into a precise representation of a specific domain. Our approach combines statistical text processing methods with expert feedback and logic programming approaches to create a dynamic semantic representation of the discipline of philosophy. We describe the basic principles and initial experimental results of our system.
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  14.  34
    Toward Using Bio-Ontologies in the Semantic Web: Trade-Offs Between Ontology Languages.Mariano Rodr´Iguez - unknown
    Ontology languages for the Semantic Web have their strengths and weaknesses, in particular in the light of deploying them for biological and medical information systems. We survey and compare the Description Logics-based OWL languages, and the DL-Lite and DLR families of languages. Language choices that an ontology developer has to make are, among others, expressivity with n-ary relations (where n > 2) and more role properties versus ontology usage for data-intensive tasks. Guidelines are suggested to facilitate choosing the language (...)
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  15. Reasoning About Information Assurance Policy with Uncertainty Using the Semantic Web.Stephen F. Bush - forthcoming - Annual Symposium on Information Assurance:1--7.
    This is a brief letter outlining speculative ideas for semantic web reasoning about information assurance. Much work has been done on the development of semantic web applications for reasoning about information assurance. A significant portion of this work is focused upon semantic web ontologies and reasoning about security policies and the underlying implementation of those policies. While numerous semantic web-based security policy ontologies and reasoners exist, both academically and commercially, I will briefly focus on ideas related (...)
     
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  16. Mittelhochdeutsche Lexikographie Und Semantic Web. Die Anbindung der ‚Mittelhochdeutschen Begriffsdatenbank‘ an Linked Open Data.Peter Hinkelmanns - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):129-141.
    The inclusion of Semantic Web technologies into the lexicographic ‘Middle High German Conceptual Database’ is a challenge for this long-term project. Since the 1970 s the Middle High German Concept Database has aimed to provide an onomasiological dictionary for Middle High German. The latest technological revision dates back to 1992, so there is a growing demand for more contemporary infrastructure and usability. The data models themselves, as well as the linking of data sets with authority files, need to be (...)
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  17.  16
    Agency and the Semantic Web.Christopher Walton - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    This text looks at the construction of the Semantic Web, which will enable computers to automatically and independently consume Web-based information. With numerous programming examples, it is ideal for undergraduates and graduates in mathematics, computer science and logic and researchers interested in Multi-Agent Systems and the Semantic Web.
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  18.  20
    Independent Review of Emerging Semantic Web Technologies Supporting the Defense Training EnvironmentIndependent Review of Emerging Semantic Web Technologies Supporting the Defense Training Environment.Mark Philips, Barry Smith, Lowell Vizenor & Scott Streit - 2010 - In Joint Forces Command. Report.
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  19.  10
    Guest Editors' Introduction: Examining Moral Emotions in Nietzsche with the Semantic Web Exploration Tool: Nietzsche.Mark Alfano & Marc Cheong - 2019 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 50 (1):1-10.
    Five years ago, the Journal of Nietzsche Studies published a special issue on Nietzsche and the affects. In it, Aurelia Armstrong wrote generically about the passions, Michael Ure discussed Schadenfreude, Joanne Faulkner addressed disgust, and Joseph Kuzma focused on eroticism.1 In subsequent issues, authors have discussed love,2 emotion in general,3 resentment,4 compassion,5 honor and empathy,6 and affect in general.7 This special section on emotions and reactive attitudes is a chance to take stock of the progress we have made as a (...)
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  20.  16
    The Role of Ontologies in Linked Data, Big Data and Semantic Web Applications.Mike Bennett & Kenneth Baclawski - 2017 - Applied Ontology 12 (3-4):189-194.
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  21.  12
    Introduction to the Special Issue on the Role of Ontologies in Linked Data, Big Data and Semantic Web Applications.Bennett Mike & Baclawski Kenneth - forthcoming - Applied Ontology:1-5.
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  22.  14
    Public Experiment and Evaluation of Semantic Web Service Matchmaker.Takahiro Kawamura, Tetsuo Hasegawa, Akihiko Ohsuga, Massimo Paolucci & Katia Sycara - 2005 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 20:426-436.
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  23.  9
    A Controlled Natural Language for the Semantic Web.Rolf Schwitter - 2008 - Journal of Intelligent Systems 17 (1-3):125-142.
  24.  13
    Towards Secure Collaboration on the Semantic Web.Joon S. Park - 2003 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 33 (2):1.
  25.  7
    A Vocabulary Building Mechanism Based on Lexicographic Semantics for Querying the Semantic Web.Yu Asano & Yuzuru Tanaka - 2011 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 26:248-261.
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  26.  6
    Open Answer Set Programming for the Semantic Web.Stijn Heymans, Davy Van Nieuwenborgh & Dirk Vermeir - 2007 - Journal of Applied Logic 5 (1):144-169.
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  27.  6
    Integration of Semantic Web Reasoning and Argument-Based Reasoning.Toshiko Wakaki, Hajime Sawamura, Taro Fukumoto, Takanori Mukai & Katsumi Nitta - 2007 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 22:322-331.
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  28.  7
    Review of Law and the Semantic Web: Legal Ontologies, Methodologies, Legal Information Retrieval, and Applications Lecture Notes in AI by Benjamins, R., Casanovas, P., Gangemi, A., Selic, B., Springer, Berlin, 2005. [REVIEW]Heiner Reviewer-Stuckenschmidt - 2006 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 14 (1).
  29.  3
    A Policy-Based B2C E-Contract Management Workflow Methodology Using Semantic Web Agents.Kalliopi Kravari, Nick Bassiliades & Guido Governatori - 2016 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 24 (2):93-131.
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  30.  2
    PhiloSURFical: Browse Wittgenstein’s World with the Semantic Web.Milton Keynes, Enrico Motta & Michele Pasin - 2008 - In Herbert Hrachovec & Alois Pichler (eds.), Wittgenstein and the Philosophy of Information: Proceedings of the 30th International Ludwig Wittgenstein-Symposium in Kirchberg, 2007. De Gruyter. pp. 319-331.
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  31. Semantic Web: Revolutionizing Knowledge Discovery in the Life Sciences.Chris Baker & Kei H. Cheung (eds.) - 2006 - Springer.
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  32. Hybrid Information Technology Using Computational Intelligence-Security Intelligence: Web Contents Security System for Semantic Web.Nam-Deok Cho, Eun-ser Lee & Hyun-gun Park - 2006 - In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 4252--819.
     
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  33. IFIP WG 2.12 and WG 12.4 International Workshop on Web Semantic (SWWS)-Security, Risk and Privacy for the Semantic Web-An OWL Copyright Ontology for Semantic Digital Rights Management. [REVIEW]Roberto Gil Garcia - 2006 - In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 1745-1754.
     
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  34. IFIP WG 2.12 and WG 12.4 International Workshop on Web Semantic (SWWS)-Applications of Semantic Web-QP-T: Query Pattern-Based RDB-to-XML Translation. [REVIEW]Jinhyung Jeong Kim & Yixin Baik Jing - 2006 - In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 1844-1853.
     
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  35. Part V. Ict to Support Pluralism of Interpretations?: 13. Semantic Web and Ontologies.Philippe Laublet - 2009 - In Bernard Reber & Claire Brossaud (eds.), Digital Cognitive Technologies: Epistemology and Knowledge Society. Iste.
  36. Applications and Services-Integration of Ontologies and Semantic Annotations with Resource Description Framework in Eclipse-Based Platforms with Editing Features for Semantic Web.Rui G. Freire Pereira - 2006 - In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 3961--902.
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  37. Improving the Quality of E-Learning by the Use of the Semantic Web Approach.Donika Valcheva, Margarita Todorova & Mariyana Nikolova - 2009 - Communication and Cognition. Monographies 42 (1-2):89-99.
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  38.  7
    Using Web Data to Explore Lexico-Semantic Relations.Steven Jones - 2010 - In Petra Storjohann (ed.), Lexical-Semantic Relations: Theoretical and Practical Perspectives. John Benjamins Pub. Company. pp. 28--49.
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  39. Adaptive Web Based on Semantic Model.Radek Jun & Ivan Jelínek - 2007 - Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 40 (3/4):225.
     
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  40. Sense and Reference on the Web.Harry Halpin - 2011 - Minds and Machines 21 (2):153-178.
    We examine a crucial question for the World Wide Web: What does a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) mean? Crucial for the next-generation Semantic Web, can it refer to things outside web-pages? The Web is a universal information space for naming and accessing information via URIs. However, the classical philosophical problems of meaning and reference that have been the source of debate within the philosophy of language return when the Web is given as the foundation for a knowledge representation with (...)
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  41.  75
    A Web Ontologies Framework for Digital Rights Management.Roberto García, Rosa Gil & Jaime Delgado - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 15 (2):137-154.
    In order to improve the management of copyright in the Internet, known as Digital Rights Management, there is the need for a shared language for copyright representation. Current approaches are based on purely syntactic solutions, i.e. a grammar that defines a rights expression language. These languages are difficult to put into practise due to the lack of explicit semantics that facilitate its implementation. Moreover, they are simple from the legal point of view because they are intended just to model the (...)
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  42.  1
    Generation of Web Image Database Based on Hybrid Noise Removal Method of Visual and Semantic Features.Seiki Otani, Ryosuke Yamanishi & Yuji Iwahori - 2017 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 32 (1):WII-N_1-10.
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  43. IFIP WG 2.12 and WG 12.4 International Workshop on Web Semantic (SWWS)-Ontologies-OntoExtractor: A Fuzzy-Based Approach to Content and Structure-Based Metadata Extraction. [REVIEW]Paolo Damiani Ceravolo & Marcello Viviani Leida - 2006 - In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 1825-1834.
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  44.  23
    Integrated Access to Legal Literature Through Automated Semantic Classification.E. Francesconi & G. Peruginelli - 2009 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 17 (1):31-49.
    Access to legal information and, in particular, to legal literature is examined for the creation of a search and retrieval system for Italian legal literature. The design and implementation of services such as integrated access to a wide range of resources are described, with a particular focus on the importance of exploiting metadata assigned to disparate legal material. The integration of structured repositories and Web documents is the main purpose of the system: it is constructed on the basis of a (...)
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  45. Integration of Intelligence Data Through Semantic Enhancement.David Salmen, Tatiana Malyuta, Alan Hansen, Shaun Cronen & Barry Smith - 2011 - In Proceedings of the Conference on Semantic Technology in Intelligence, Defense and Security (STIDS). CEUR, Vol. 808.
    We describe a strategy for integration of data that is based on the idea of semantic enhancement. The strategy promises a number of benefits: it can be applied incrementally; it creates minimal barriers to the incorporation of new data into the semantically enhanced system; it preserves the existing data (including any existing data-semantics) in their original form (thus all provenance information is retained, and no heavy preprocessing is required); and it embraces the full spectrum of data sources, types, models, (...)
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  46.  63
    Horizontal Integration of Warfighter Intelligence Data: A Shared Semantic Resource for the Intelligence Community.Barry Smith, Tatiana Malyuta, William S. Mandrick, Chia Fu, Kesny Parent & Milan Patel - 2012 - In Proceedings of the Conference on Semantic Technology in Intelligence, Defense and Security (STIDS), CEUR. pp. 1-8.
    We describe a strategy that is being used for the horizontal integration of warfighter intelligence data within the framework of the US Army’s Distributed Common Ground System Standard Cloud (DSC) initiative. The strategy rests on the development of a set of ontologies that are being incrementally applied to bring about what we call the ‘semantic enhancement’ of data models used within each intelligence discipline. We show how the strategy can help to overcome familiar tendencies to stovepiping of intelligence data, (...)
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  47.  39
    An Ontology for G2g Collaboration in Public Policy Making, Implementation and Evaluation.Euripidis N. Loukis - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 15 (1):19-48.
    This paper concerns the development and use of ontologies for electronically supporting and structuring the highest-level function of government: the design, implementation and evaluation of public policies for the big and complex problems that modern societies face. This critical government function usually necessitates extensive interaction and collaboration among many heterogeneous government organizations (G2G collaboration) with different backgrounds, mentalities, values, interests and expectations, so it can greatly benefit from the use of ontologies. In this direction initially an ontology of public policy (...)
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  48.  16
    Change of Paradigm: From Individual to Community-Based Scholarship.Massimo Riva - 2015 - Humanist Studies and the Digital Age 4 (1):35-38.
    The title does not refer to the application of knowledge through faculty engagement in community-based research, teaching and service – something that is usually understood as community-engaged scholarship. The change of paradigm referred to in the title should be understood within the broader framework of the general transformation of our participatory or convergence culture in the age of social and “spreadable” media. As the Web 2.0 evolves toward the Web 3.0, or the semantic web, community-engaged scholarship remains one of (...)
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  49.  16
    A Multi-Agent Legal Recommender System.Lucas Drumond & Rosario Girardi - 2008 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 16 (2):175-207.
    Infonorma is a multi-agent system that provides its users with recommendations of legal normative instruments they might be interested in. The Filter agent of Infonorma classifies normative instruments represented as Semantic Web documents into legal branches and performs content-based similarity analysis. This agent, as well as the entire Infonorma system, was modeled under the guidelines of MAAEM, a software development methodology for multi-agent application engineering. This article describes the Infonorma requirements specification, the architectural design solution for those requirements, the (...)
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  50. The Evaluation of Ontologies: Toward Improved Semantic Interoperability.Leo Obrst, Werner Ceusters, Inderjeet Mani, Steve Ray & Barry Smith - 2006 - In Chris Baker & Kei H. Cheung (eds.), Semantic Web: Revolutionizing Knowledge Discovery in the Life Sciences. Springer. pp. 139-158.
    Recent years have seen rapid progress in the development of ontologies as semantic models intended to capture and represent aspects of the real world. There is, however, great variation in the quality of ontologies. If ontologies are to become progressively better in the future, more rigorously developed, and more appropriately compared, then a systematic discipline of ontology evaluation must be created to ensure quality of content and methodology. Systematic methods for ontology evaluation will take into account representation of individual (...)
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