Results for 'B. J. Maclennan'

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  1. Transcending Turing Computability.B. J. Maclennan - 2003 - Minds and Machines 13 (1):3-22.
    It has been argued that neural networks and other forms of analog computation may transcend the limits of Turing-machine computation; proofs have been offered on both sides, subject to differing assumptions. In this article I argue that the important comparisons between the two models of computation are not so much mathematical as epistemological. The Turing-machine model makes assumptions about information representation and processing that are badly matched to the realities of natural computation (information representation and processing in or inspired by (...)
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  2. Continuous Spatial Automata.B. J. MacLennan - unknown
    A continuous spatial automaton is analogous to a cellular automaton, except that the cells form a continuum, as do the possible states of the cells. After an informal mathematical description of spatial automata, we describe in detail a continuous analog of Conway’s “Life,” and show how the automaton can be implemented using the basic operations of field computation.
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  3.  21
    Malina, B J & Neyrey, J H - Portraits of Paul: An Archaeology of Ancient Personality.B. J. Malina & J. H. Neyrey - 1998 - Hts Theological Studies 54 (1/2).
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  4.  39
    Identity in the Information Society-Special Issue, Edited by J. Backhouse, B.-J. Koops, V. Matyas.James Backhouse, B. -J. Koops & V. Matyas - 2008 - Identity in the Information Society 1 (1):1-228.
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  5.  87
    Doing and Deserving: Essays in the Theory of Responsibility.B. J. Diggs - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (3):90-96.
  6. On Justifications and Excuses.B. J. C. Madison - 2018 - Synthese 195 (10):4551-4562.
    The New Evil Demon problem has been hotly debated since the case was introduced in the early 1980’s (e.g. Lehrer and Cohen 1983; Cohen 1984), and there seems to be recent increased interest in the topic. In a forthcoming collection of papers on the New Evil Demon problem (Dutant and Dorsch, forthcoming), at least two of the papers, both by prominent epistemologists, attempt to resist the problem by appealing to the distinction between justification and excuses. My primary aim here is (...)
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  7. Epistemological Disjunctivism and the New Evil Demon.B. J. C. Madison - 2014 - Acta Analytica 29 (1):61-70.
    In common with traditional forms of epistemic internalism, epistemological disjunctivism attempts to incorporate an awareness condition on justification. Unlike traditional forms of internalism, however, epistemological disjunctivism rejects the so-called New Evil Genius thesis. In so far as epistemological disjunctivism rejects the New Evil Genius thesis, it is revisionary. -/- After explaining what epistemological disjunctivism is, and how it relates to traditional forms of epistemic internalism / externalism, I shall argue that the epistemological disjunctivist’s account of the intuitions underlying the New (...)
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  8. Epistemic Value and the New Evil Demon.B. J. C. Madison - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (1):89-107.
    In this article I argue that the value of epistemic justification cannot be adequately explained as being instrumental to truth. I intend to show that false belief, which is no means to truth, can nevertheless still be of epistemic value. This in turn will make a good prima facie case that justification is valuable for its own sake. If this is right, we will have also found reason to think that truth value monism is false: assuming that true belief does (...)
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  9. Consciousness Provides the Nervous System with Coherent, Globally Distributed Information.B. J. Baars - 1983 - In Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum. pp. 101.
  10. Vagueness and identity.B. J. Garrett - 1988 - Analysis 48 (3):130.
    The thesis that there can be vague objects is the thesis that there can be identity statements which are indeterminate in truth-value (i.e., neither true nor false) as a result of vagueness (as opposed, e.g., to reference-failure), "the singular terms of which do not have their references fixed by vague descriptive means". (if this is "not" what is meant by the thesis that there can be vague objects, it is not clear what "is" meant by it.) the possibility of vague (...)
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  11. Combating Anti Anti-Luck Epistemology.B. J. C. Madison - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (1):47-58.
    One thing nearly all epistemologists agree upon is that Gettier cases are decisive counterexamples to the tripartite analysis of knowledge; whatever else is true of knowledge, it is not merely belief that is both justified and true. They now agree that knowledge is not justified true belief because this is consistent with there being too much luck present in the cases, and that knowledge excludes such luck. This is to endorse what has become known as the 'anti-luck platitude'. <br /><br (...)
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  12.  73
    Imaging the Developing Brain: What Have We Learned About Cognitive Development?B. J. Casey, N. Tottenham, C. Liston & S. Durston - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (3):104-110.
  13. Internalism and Externalism.B. J. C. Madison - 2017 - In Sven Bernecker & Kourken Michaelian (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory. Routledge. pp. 283-295.
    This chapter first surveys general issues in the epistemic internalism / externalism debate: what is the distinction, what motivates it, and what arguments can be given on both sides. -/- The second part of the chapter will examine the internalism / externalism debate as regards to the specific case of the epistemology of memory belief.
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  14. Epistemic Internalism, Justification, and Memory.B. J. C. Madison - 2014 - Logos and Episteme 5 (1):33-62.
    Epistemic internalism, by stressing the indispensability of the subject’s perspective, strikes many as plausible at first blush. However, many people have tended to reject the position because certain kinds of beliefs have been thought to pose special problems for epistemic internalism. For example, internalists tend to hold that so long as a justifier is available to the subject either immediately or upon introspection, it can serve to justify beliefs. Many have thought it obvious that no such view can be correct, (...)
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  15.  89
    On When a Semantics is Not a Semantics: Some Reasons for Disliking the Routley-Meyer Semantics for Relevance Logic. [REVIEW]B. J. Copeland - 1979 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 8 (1):399-413.
  16.  13
    Language and Myth. [REVIEW]J. B. - 1946 - Journal of Philosophy 43 (21):582-584.
  17.  23
    Georges B. J. Dreyfus Recognizing Reality: Dharmakirti's Philosophy and its Tibetan Interpretations. (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997). Pp. 462+Notes, Tibetan-Sanskrit-English Glossary, Bibliography, and Indexes. [REVIEW]J. H. F. - 1999 - Religious Studies 35 (1):113-116.
  18.  38
    The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge. [REVIEW]J. B. - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (8):219.
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  19. Introduction to Pragmatics.B. J. Birner - unknown
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  20.  90
    Georges B. J. Dreyfus Recognizing Reality: Dharmakirti's Philosophy and its Tibetan Interpretations. (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1997). Pp. 462+Notes, Tibetan-Sanskrit-English Glossary, Bibliography, and Indexes. [REVIEW]H. J. - 1999 - Religious Studies 35 (1):113-116.
  21. On Social Defeat.B. J. C. Madison - 2020 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 50 (6):719-734.
    Influential cases have been provided that seem to suggest that one can fail to have knowledge because of the social environment. If not a distinct kind of social defeater, is there a uniquely social phenomenon that defeats knowledge? My aim in this paper is to explore these questions. I shall argue that despite initial appearances to the contrary, we have no reason to accept a special class of social defeater, nor any essentially social defeat phenomenon. We can explain putative cases (...)
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  22. Noonan, 'best candidate' theories and the ship of Theseus.B. J. Garrett - 1985 - Analysis 45 (4):212.
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  23.  7
    A Review of the Principal Questions in Morals. [REVIEW]J. L. B., Richard Price & D. Daiches Raphael - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (22):733.
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  24.  12
    J. L. Austin. A Critique of Ordinary Language Philosophyby Keith Graham.B. J. Jones - 1979 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 10 (1):62-64.
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  25.  6
    An Essay on Free Will.B. J. Garrett - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (135):171-172.
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  26.  40
    The Effect of Clinical Medical Ethics Consultation on Healthcare Costs.B. J. Heilicser, D. Meltzer & M. Siegler - 2000 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 11 (1):31.
  27.  14
    The Biometric Defense of Darwinism.B. J. Norton - 1973 - Journal of the History of Biology 6 (2):283-316.
  28.  15
    Prof. Dr P.J. Muller as Dogmatikus.B. J. Engelbrecht - 1953 - Hts Theological Studies 9 (3/4).
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  29. On the Compatibility of Epistemic Internalism and Content Externalism.B. J. C. Madison - 2009 - Acta Analytica 24 (3):173-183.
    In this paper I consider a recent argument of Timothy Williamson’s that epistemic internalism and content externalism are indeed incompatible, and since he takes content externalism to be above reproach, so much the worse for epistemic internalism. However, I argue that epistemic internalism, properly understood, remains substantially unaffected no matter which view of content turns out to be correct. What is key to the New Evil Genius thought experiment is that, given everything of which the inhabitants are consciously aware, the (...)
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  30.  33
    A. N. Prior. The Autonomy of Ethics. The Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 38 No. 3 , Pp. 199–206. - J. M. Shorter. Professor Prior on the Autonomy of Ethics. The Australasian Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 39 No. 3 , Pp. 286–287. [REVIEW]B. J. Diggs - 1972 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 37 (2):421-422.
  31.  76
    Turing's O-Machines, Searle, Penrose and the Brain.B. J. Copeland - 1998 - Analysis 58 (2):128-138.
  32.  19
    Dr. H. G. Geertsema, Van boven naar voren. Wijsgerige achtergronden en problemen van het theologisch denken over geschiedenis bij Jiirgen Moltmann. Uitgave J. H. Kok, Kampen, 1980. [REVIEW]B. J. F. Schoep - 1983 - Philosophia Reformata 48 (1):76-83.
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  33.  35
    结构论: 生物系统泛进化理论.B. J. Zeng - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 43:273-287.
    Modern science developed in the interflow of culture between west and east. Combing of pratice technology with philosophic thoughts formed experimental method. Holistic views contacting atomism produced system theory. System thoughts are applicated in the science and engineering of biosystems, and the cencepts of system biomedicine (Kamada T.1992), systems biology (Zieglgansberger W, Tolle TR.1993), system bioengineering and system genetics (Zeng BJ. 1994) were established. From positive to synthetic thoughts, philosophy have been developed ontology, cosmology, organism theories. Structurity is structure logic (...)
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  34.  89
    What is Erased in the Quantum Erasure?B. J. Hiley & R. E. Callaghan - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (12):1869-1883.
    In this paper, we re-examine a series of gedanken welcher Weg (WW) experiments introduced by Scully, Englert and Walther that contain the essential ideas underlying the quantum eraser. For this purpose we use the Bohm model which gives a sharp picture of the behaviour of the atoms involved in these experiments. This model supports the thesis that interference disappears in such WW experiments, even though the centre of mass wave function remains coherent throughout the experiment. It also shows exactly what (...)
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  35.  92
    Pure Semantics and Applied Semantics.B. J. Copeland - 1983 - Topoi 2 (2):197-204.
  36.  17
    Note on J. H. S., XLVII, P. 92: The Antimenes Painter.J. D. B. - 1927 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 47:233.
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  37. Newton's Alchemy and His Theory of Matter.B. J. T. Dobbs - 1982 - Isis 73:511--528.
  38.  72
    Clifford Algebras and the Dirac-Bohm Quantum Hamilton-Jacobi Equation.B. J. Hiley & R. E. Callaghan - 2012 - Foundations of Physics 42 (1):192-208.
    In this paper we show how the dynamics of the Schrödinger, Pauli and Dirac particles can be described in a hierarchy of Clifford algebras, ${\mathcal{C}}_{1,3}, {\mathcal{C}}_{3,0}$ , and ${\mathcal{C}}_{0,1}$ . Information normally carried by the wave function is encoded in elements of a minimal left ideal, so that all the physical information appears within the algebra itself. The state of the quantum process can be completely characterised by algebraic invariants of the first and second kind. The latter enables us to (...)
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  39.  2
    Recognizing Reality: Dharmakirti's Philosophy and its Tibetan Interpretations.Georges B. J. Dreyfus & Georges Dreyfus Cortés - 1997 - Suny Press.
    Dreyfus examines the central ideas of Dharmakirti, one of the most important Indian Buddhist philosophers, and their reception among Tibetan thinkers. During the golden age of ancient Indian civilization, Dharmakirti articulated and defended Buddhist philosophical principles. He did so more systematically than anyone before his time and was followed by a rich tradition of profound thinkers in India and Tibet. This work presents a detailed picture of this Buddhist tradition and its relevance to the history of human ideas. Its perspective (...)
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  40.  3
    The Undivided Universe: An Ontological Interpretation of Quantum Theory.D. Bohm, B. J. Hiley & J. S. Bell - 1993 - Synthese 107 (1):145-165.
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  41.  9
    Newton and the New Direction in Science. G. V. Coyne, S.J., M. Heller, J. Zyciński.B. J. T. Dobbs - 1989 - Isis 80 (4):678-679.
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  42.  46
    The Trouble Anderson and Belnap Have with Relevance.B. J. Copeland - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 37 (4):325 - 334.
  43. Reliabilists Should Still Fear the Demon.B. J. C. Madison - 2021 - Logos and Episteme 2 (12):193-202.
    In its most basic form, Simple Reliabilism states that: a belief is justified iff it is formed as the result of a reliable belief-forming process. But so-called New Evil Demon (NED) cases have been given as counterexamples. A common response has been to complicate reliabilism from its simplest form to accommodate the basic reliabilist position, while at the same time granting the force of NED intuitions. But what if despite initial appearances, Simple Reliabilism, without qualification, is compatible with the NED (...)
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  44.  29
    What is a Semantics for Classical Negation?B. J. Copeland - 1986 - Mind 95 (380):478-490.
  45.  41
    Classic American Philosophers. Peirce, James, Royce, Santayana, Dewey, Whitehead. [REVIEW]J. L. B. - 1951 - Journal of Philosophy 48 (17):536-537.
  46. Review: B. J. Copeland, On When a Semantics is Not a Semantics: Some Reasons for Disliking the Routley-Meyer Semantics for Relevance Logic. [REVIEW]Johan van Benthem - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):994-995.
  47.  57
    Rules and Utilitarianism.B. J. Diggs - 1964 - American Philosophical Quarterly 1 (1):32 - 44.
  48.  10
    The Bathymetry and Possible Origin of Lakes Sibayi, Nhlange and Sifungwe in Zululand.B. J. Hill - 1969 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 38 (3):205-216.
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  49.  29
    Francis Lieber, Nineteenth-Century Liberal. [REVIEW]J. L. B. - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (17):564-566.
  50.  5
    Austrian Philosophy: Studies and Texts, Edited by J. C. Nyiri.B. J. Jones - 1982 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 13 (2):199-201.
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