Results for 'B. J. Maclennan'

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  1. Transcending Turing Computability.B. J. Maclennan - 2003 - Minds and Machines 13 (1):3-22.
    It has been argued that neural networks and other forms of analog computation may transcend the limits of Turing-machine computation; proofs have been offered on both sides, subject to differing assumptions. In this article I argue that the important comparisons between the two models of computation are not so much mathematical as epistemological. The Turing-machine model makes assumptions about information representation and processing that are badly matched to the realities of natural computation (information representation and processing in or inspired by (...)
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  2. Continuous Spatial Automata.B. J. MacLennan - unknown
    A continuous spatial automaton is analogous to a cellular automaton, except that the cells form a continuum, as do the possible states of the cells. After an informal mathematical description of spatial automata, we describe in detail a continuous analog of Conway’s “Life,” and show how the automaton can be implemented using the basic operations of field computation.
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  3.  19
    Malina, B J & Neyrey, J H - Portraits of Paul: An Archaeology of Ancient Personality.B. J. Malina & J. H. Neyrey - 1998 - Hts Theological Studies 54 (1/2).
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  4.  86
    Doing and Deserving: Essays in the Theory of Responsibility.B. J. Diggs - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (3):90-96.
  5. On Justifications and Excuses.B. J. C. Madison - 2018 - Synthese 195 (10):4551-4562.
    The New Evil Demon problem has been hotly debated since the case was introduced in the early 1980’s (e.g. Lehrer and Cohen 1983; Cohen 1984), and there seems to be recent increased interest in the topic. In a forthcoming collection of papers on the New Evil Demon problem (Dutant and Dorsch, forthcoming), at least two of the papers, both by prominent epistemologists, attempt to resist the problem by appealing to the distinction between justification and excuses. My primary aim here is (...)
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  6. Epistemological Disjunctivism and the New Evil Demon.B. J. C. Madison - 2014 - Acta Analytica 29 (1):61-70.
    In common with traditional forms of epistemic internalism, epistemological disjunctivism attempts to incorporate an awareness condition on justification. Unlike traditional forms of internalism, however, epistemological disjunctivism rejects the so-called New Evil Genius thesis. In so far as epistemological disjunctivism rejects the New Evil Genius thesis, it is revisionary. -/- After explaining what epistemological disjunctivism is, and how it relates to traditional forms of epistemic internalism / externalism, I shall argue that the epistemological disjunctivist’s account of the intuitions underlying the New (...)
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  7. Epistemic Internalism, Justification, and Memory.B. J. C. Madison - 2014 - Logos and Episteme 5 (1):33-62.
    Epistemic internalism, by stressing the indispensability of the subject’s perspective, strikes many as plausible at first blush. However, many people have tended to reject the position because certain kinds of beliefs have been thought to pose special problems for epistemic internalism. For example, internalists tend to hold that so long as a justifier is available to the subject either immediately or upon introspection, it can serve to justify beliefs. Many have thought it obvious that no such view can be correct, (...)
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  8. Epistemic Value and the New Evil Demon.B. J. C. Madison - 2017 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 98 (1):89-107.
    In this article I argue that the value of epistemic justification cannot be adequately explained as being instrumental to truth. I intend to show that false belief, which is no means to truth, can nevertheless still be of epistemic value. This in turn will make a good prima facie case that justification is valuable for its own sake. If this is right, we will have also found reason to think that truth value monism is false: assuming that true belief does (...)
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  9.  81
    On When a Semantics is Not a Semantics: Some Reasons for Disliking the Routley-Meyer Semantics for Relevance Logic. [REVIEW]B. J. Copeland - 1979 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 8 (1):399-413.
  10. Consciousness Provides the Nervous System with Coherent, Globally Distributed Information.B. J. Baars - 1983 - In Richard J. Davidson, Gary E. Schwartz & D. H. Shapiro (eds.), Consciousness and Self-Regulation. Plenum. pp. 101.
  11. Combating Anti Anti-Luck Epistemology.B. J. C. Madison - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (1):47-58.
    One thing nearly all epistemologists agree upon is that Gettier cases are decisive counterexamples to the tripartite analysis of knowledge; whatever else is true of knowledge, it is not merely belief that is both justified and true. They now agree that knowledge is not justified true belief because this is consistent with there being too much luck present in the cases, and that knowledge excludes such luck. This is to endorse what has become known as the 'anti-luck platitude'. <br /><br (...)
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  12. Internalism and Externalism.B. J. C. Madison - 2017 - In Sven Bernecker & Kourken Michaelian (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Memory. Routledge. pp. 283-295.
    This chapter first surveys general issues in the epistemic internalism / externalism debate: what is the distinction, what motivates it, and what arguments can be given on both sides. -/- The second part of the chapter will examine the internalism / externalism debate as regards to the specific case of the epistemology of memory belief.
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  13.  69
    Imaging the Developing Brain: What Have We Learned About Cognitive Development?B. J. Casey, N. Tottenham, C. Liston & S. Durston - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (3):104-110.
  14. Is Justification Knowledge?B. J. C. Madison - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Research 35:173-191.
    Analytic epistemologists agree that, whatever else is true of epistemic justification, it is distinct from knowledge. However, if recent work by Jonathan Sutton is correct, this view is deeply mistaken, for according to Sutton justification is knowledge. That is, a subject is justified in believing that p iff he knows that p. Sutton further claims that there is no concept of epistemic justification distinct from knowledge. Since knowledge is factive, a consequence of Sutton’s view is that there are no false (...)
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  15.  39
    Identity in the Information Society-Special Issue, Edited by J. Backhouse, B.-J. Koops, V. Matyas.James Backhouse, B. -J. Koops & V. Matyas - 2008 - Identity in the Information Society 1 (1):1-228.
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  16. Vagueness and identity.B. J. Garrett - 1988 - Analysis 48 (3):130.
    The thesis that there can be vague objects is the thesis that there can be identity statements which are indeterminate in truth-value (i.e., neither true nor false) as a result of vagueness (as opposed, e.g., to reference-failure), "the singular terms of which do not have their references fixed by vague descriptive means". (if this is "not" what is meant by the thesis that there can be vague objects, it is not clear what "is" meant by it.) the possibility of vague (...)
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  17.  13
    Language and Myth. [REVIEW]J. B. - 1946 - Journal of Philosophy 43 (21):582-584.
  18.  15
    Biology and Philosophy: The Methodological Foundations of Biometry.B. J. Norton - 1975 - Journal of the History of Biology 8 (1):85 - 93.
  19.  45
    The Trouble Anderson and Belnap Have with Relevance.B. J. Copeland - 1980 - Philosophical Studies 37 (4):325 - 334.
  20.  38
    The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge.J. B. - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (8):219.
  21.  7
    A Review of the Principal Questions in Morals. [REVIEW]J. L. B., Richard Price & D. Daiches Raphael - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (22):733.
  22. On the Compatibility of Epistemic Internalism and Content Externalism.B. J. C. Madison - 2009 - Acta Analytica 24 (3):173-183.
    In this paper I consider a recent argument of Timothy Williamson’s that epistemic internalism and content externalism are indeed incompatible, and since he takes content externalism to be above reproach, so much the worse for epistemic internalism. However, I argue that epistemic internalism, properly understood, remains substantially unaffected no matter which view of content turns out to be correct. What is key to the New Evil Genius thought experiment is that, given everything of which the inhabitants are consciously aware, the (...)
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  23.  34
    结构论: 生物系统泛进化理论.B. J. Zeng - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 43:273-287.
    Modern science developed in the interflow of culture between west and east. Combing of pratice technology with philosophic thoughts formed experimental method. Holistic views contacting atomism produced system theory. System thoughts are applicated in the science and engineering of biosystems, and the cencepts of system biomedicine (Kamada T.1992), systems biology (Zieglgansberger W, Tolle TR.1993), system bioengineering and system genetics (Zeng BJ. 1994) were established. From positive to synthetic thoughts, philosophy have been developed ontology, cosmology, organism theories. Structurity is structure logic (...)
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  24.  38
    The Effect of Clinical Medical Ethics Consultation on Healthcare Costs.B. J. Heilicser, D. Meltzer & M. Siegler - 2000 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 11 (1):31.
  25.  21
    Economics and Ethics.B. J. Reilly & M. J. Kyj - 1990 - Journal of Business Ethics 9 (9):691-698.
    Business theory and management practices are outgrowths of basic economic principles. To evaluate the proper place of ethics in business, the meaning of ethics as defined by economic theory must be assessed. This paper contends that classical economic thought advocates a nonethical decision-making context and is not functional for a modern complex, interdependent environment.
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  26.  6
    An Essay on Free Will.B. J. Garrett - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (135):171-172.
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  27. Noonan, 'best candidate' theories and the ship of Theseus.B. J. Garrett - 1985 - Analysis 45 (4):212.
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  28.  2
    Numbers and Proofs.R. B. J. T. Allenby - 1997 - Copublished in North, South, and Central America by John Wiley & Sons.
    'Numbers and Proofs' presents a gentle introduction to the notion of proof to give the reader an understanding of how to decipher others' proofs as well as construct their own. Useful methods of proof are illustrated in the context of studying problems concerning mainly numbers (real, rational, complex and integers). An indispensable guide to all students of mathematics. Each proof is preceded by a discussion which is intended to show the reader the kind of thoughts they might have before any (...)
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  29.  14
    The Biometric Defense of Darwinism.B. J. Norton - 1973 - Journal of the History of Biology 6 (2):283-316.
  30.  72
    Turing's O-Machines, Searle, Penrose and the Brain.B. J. Copeland - 1998 - Analysis 58 (2):128-138.
  31.  86
    What is Erased in the Quantum Erasure?B. J. Hiley & R. E. Callaghan - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (12):1869-1883.
    In this paper, we re-examine a series of gedanken welcher Weg (WW) experiments introduced by Scully, Englert and Walther that contain the essential ideas underlying the quantum eraser. For this purpose we use the Bohm model which gives a sharp picture of the behaviour of the atoms involved in these experiments. This model supports the thesis that interference disappears in such WW experiments, even though the centre of mass wave function remains coherent throughout the experiment. It also shows exactly what (...)
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  32. Newton's Alchemy and His Theory of Matter.B. J. T. Dobbs - 1982 - Isis 73:511--528.
  33.  40
    Classic American Philosophers. Peirce, James, Royce, Santayana, Dewey, Whitehead.J. L. B. - 1951 - Journal of Philosophy 48 (17):536-537.
  34.  29
    What is a Semantics for Classical Negation?B. J. Copeland - 1986 - Mind 95 (380):478-490.
  35.  70
    Clifford Algebras and the Dirac-Bohm Quantum Hamilton-Jacobi Equation.B. J. Hiley & R. E. Callaghan - 2012 - Foundations of Physics 42 (1):192-208.
    In this paper we show how the dynamics of the Schrödinger, Pauli and Dirac particles can be described in a hierarchy of Clifford algebras, ${\mathcal{C}}_{1,3}, {\mathcal{C}}_{3,0}$ , and ${\mathcal{C}}_{0,1}$ . Information normally carried by the wave function is encoded in elements of a minimal left ideal, so that all the physical information appears within the algebra itself. The state of the quantum process can be completely characterised by algebraic invariants of the first and second kind. The latter enables us to (...)
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  36.  54
    Rules and Utilitarianism.B. J. Diggs - 1964 - American Philosophical Quarterly 1 (1):32 - 44.
  37.  10
    The Bathymetry and Possible Origin of Lakes Sibayi, Nhlange and Sifungwe in Zululand.B. J. Hill - 1969 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 38 (3):205-216.
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  38.  89
    Pure Semantics and Applied Semantics.B. J. Copeland - 1983 - Topoi 2 (2):197-204.
  39.  5
    The Grounds of Moral Judgement.B. J. Diggs - 1969 - Philosophical Review 78 (4):543.
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  40. Parietal Lobe Contributions to Episodic Memory Retrieval.A. D. Wagner, B. J. Shannon, I. Kahn & R. L. Buckner - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (9):445-453.
  41. Review: B. J. Copeland, On When a Semantics is Not a Semantics: Some Reasons for Disliking the Routley-Meyer Semantics for Relevance Logic. [REVIEW]Johan van Benthem - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (3):994-995.
  42.  57
    Walking the Tightrope of Just War. [REVIEW]B. J. Strawser - 2011 - Analysis 71 (3):533-544.
  43.  79
    The Common Good as Reason for Political Action.B. J. Diggs - 1973 - Ethics 83 (4):283-293.
    Analysis of 'the common good' reveals moral elements in the concept. The common good, Traditionally regarded as a major political goal, Is served by measures that promote the interests of all citizens equitably, Within the limitations of 'the accepted morality'. Measures for the common good thus often impose moral restraints on individuals' interests, As numerous examples show. Positivist analyses are generally defective because they do not give the normative elements their proper place.
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  44. The Undivided Universe: An Ontological Interpretation of Quantum Theory.D. Bohm, B. J. Hiley & J. S. Bell - 1996 - Synthese 107 (1):145-165.
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  45.  38
    Horseshoe, Hook, and Relevance.B. J. Copeland - 1984 - Theoria 50 (2/3):148.
  46.  7
    The Growth Habits and Surface Structure of Ice Crystals.B. J. Mason, G. W. Bryant & A. P. Van den Heuvel - 1963 - Philosophical Magazine 8 (87):505-526.
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  47.  70
    On the Relationship Between the Wigner-Moyal and Bohm Approaches to Quantum Mechanics: A Step to a More General Theory? [REVIEW]B. J. Hiley - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (4):356-367.
    In this paper we show that the three main equations used by Bohm in his approach to quantum mechanics are already contained in the earlier paper by Moyal which forms the basis for what is known as the Wigner-Moyal approach. This shows, contrary to the usual perception, that there is a deep relation between the two approaches. We suggest the relevance of this result to the more general problem of constructing a quantum geometry.
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  48.  29
    Francis Lieber, Nineteenth-Century Liberal.J. L. B. - 1949 - Journal of Philosophy 46 (17):564-566.
  49. Substitutional Quantification and Existence.B. J. Copeland - 1985 - Analysis 45 (1):1 - 4.
  50.  7
    Is Justification Knowledge?B. J. C. Madison - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Research 35:173-191.
    Analytic epistemologists agree that, whatever else is true of epistemic justification, it is distinct from knowledge. However, if recent work by Jonathan Sutton is correct, this view is deeply mistaken, for according to Sutton justification is knowledge. That is, a subject is justified in believing that p iff he knows that p. Sutton further claims that there is no concept of epistemic justification distinct from knowledge. Since knowledge is factive, a consequence of Sutton’s view is that thereare no false justified (...)
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