Results for 'Communitarianism'

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  1. Subiect index.Communtari Communitarianism & Democrats Democracy - 2010 - In Otfried Höffe (ed.), Aristotle's "Nicomachean Ethics". Brill. pp. 89--1.
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  2. Ancient greek ethics.Keith Lehrer, Communitarianism Individualism, Robert E. Goodin, Consensus Interruptus, Simon Blackburn & Normativity à la Mode - 2001 - The Journal of Ethics 5:423-425.
  3. Communitarianism and its critics.Daniel Bell - 1993 - Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Many have criticized liberalism for being too individualistic, but few have offered an alternative that goes beyond a vague affirmation of the need for community. In this entertaining book, written in dialogue form, Daniel Bell fills this gap, presenting and defending a distinctively communitarian theory against the objections of a liberal critic. Drawing on the works of such thinkers as Charles Taylor, Michael Sandel, and Alasdair MacIntyre, Bell attacks liberalism's individualistic view of the person by pointing to our social embeddedness. (...)
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  4.  10
    Limited Communitarianism and the Merit of Afro-communitarian Rejectionism.Tosin Adeate - 2023 - Filosofia Theoretica: Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions 12 (1):49-64.
    Limited communitarianism is presented as an alternative to classical communitarianism in African philosophy. Bernard Matolino, the proponent of this view, argues that personhood can be attained with the constitutive features of the self leading the process, as against the historical, classical communitarian view that prioritises the sociality of the self. He posits that it is a personhood conceived through such view as limited communitarianism that can guarantee individual rights and prioritises the claims of the individual in African (...)
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    Approving Communitarianism in view of Justice Focusing on Walzer’s Complex Equality or Egalitarianism and Moral Education. 김현수 - 2014 - Journal of Ethics: The Korean Association of Ethics 1 (95):49-65.
  6. Communitarianism.Daniel Bell - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  7. Communitarianism and Individualism.Shlomo Avineri & Avner De-Shalit (eds.) - 1992 - oxford: Oxford University Press.
    The essays collected in this volume reflect the many facets of the debate between communitarianism and individualism and examine its implications for the political arena. They cover a wide spectrum of thought and opinion and include work by Ronald Dworkin, Marilyn Friedman, David Gauthier, Amy Gutmann, Will Kymlicka, Alasdair MacIntyre, David Miller, Robert Nozick, John Rawls, Michael Sandel, Charles Taylor, and Michael Walzer.
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  8.  20
    Moderate Communitarianism and the Idea of Political Morality in African Democratic Practice.Hasskei M. Majeed - 2019 - Diametros 61:51-71.
    This paper explores how moderate communitarianism could bring about a greater sense of political morality in the practice of democracy in contemporary Africa. Moderate communitarianism is a thesis traceable to Kwame Gyekye, the Akan philosopher. This thesis is a moderation of the infl uence of the community in the Akan, an African social structure. In ensuring good political morality in the Akan, and therefore the African community, Gyekye proposes moral revolution over the enforcement of the law. I perform (...)
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  9.  20
    Afro-communitarianism or Cosmopolitanism.Emmanuel Ifeanyi Ani - 2022 - Journal of Value Inquiry 56 (3):335-353.
    Bernard Matolino argues that the communal foundation of classical African communitarianism should be discarded if communitarian theories would be of any use to modern African political theory. He sets out to propose a theory of communitarianism that not only suits modern African realities but would also be useful to any people including non-Africans. I argue that what he ends up doing is proposing cosmopolitanism, calling into question the “Afro” designation of the title of his theory. I also argue (...)
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  10.  43
    Liberalism, Communitarianism, and the Politics of Identity.Margaret Moore - 2009 - In Thomas Christiano & John Christman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Political Philosophy. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 322–342.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Liberalism and Communitarianism: An Abstract Debate Multiculturalism/Identity Politics: Non‐Neutrality and Structural Injustice Liberal Individuals and Their Identities Liberal Rules and Structural Injustices: Rules‐and‐Exemptions Liberal Toleration and Structural Injustice: Equality as Recognition Structural Injustice and Jurisdictional Authority Conclusion Notes.
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    Communitarianism, Properly Understood.Ya Lan Chang - 2022 - Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 35 (1):117-139.
    Communitarianism has been misunderstood. According to some of its proponents, it supports the ‘Asian values’ argument that rights are incompatible with communitarian Asia because it prioritises the collective interest over individual rights and interests. Similarly, its critics are sceptical of its normative appeal because they believe that communitarianism upholds the community’s wants and values at all costs. I dispel this misconception by providing an account of communitarianism, properly understood. It is premised on the idea that we are (...)
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  12. Afro-Communitarianism and the Role of Traditional African Healers in the COVID-19 Pandemic.Luís Cordeiro-Rodrigues & Thaddeus Metz - 2021 - Public Health Ethics 14 (1):59-71.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has brought significant challenges to healthcare systems worldwide, and in Africa, given the lack of resources, they are likely to be even more acute. The usefulness of Traditional African Healers in helping to mitigate the effects of pandemic has been neglected. We argue from an ethical perspective that these healers can and should have an important role in informing and guiding local communities in Africa on how to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Particularly, we argue not only (...)
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  13. African Communitarianism and Difference.Thaddeus Metz - 2020 - In Elvis Imafidon (ed.), Handbook of the African Philosophy of Difference. Springer. pp. 31-51.
    There has been the recurrent suspicion that community, harmony, cohesion, and similar relational goods as understood in the African ethical tradition threaten to occlude difference. Often, it has been Western defenders of liberty who have raised the concern that these characteristically sub-Saharan values fail to account adequately for individuality, although some contemporary African thinkers have expressed the same concern. In this chapter, I provide a certain understanding of the sub-Saharan value of communal relationship and demonstrate that it entails a substantial (...)
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  14.  14
    Transgenerational Communitarianism in a Global Interconnected World: A Critique.Luigi Bonatti & Lorenza Alexandra Lorenzetti - 2023 - The Monist 106 (2):119-131.
    We discuss how transgenerational communitarianism deals with public decisions involving tradeoffs between different generations’ wellbeing and having global consequences. Policies for tackling climate change are an example. Although there is a natural, evolutionary, basis for intergenerational altruism, most people lack the competencies for constituting a transgenerational community. Moreover, greater attention to future generations’ wellbeing need not substitute for collective action: a lower discount rate reflecting a stronger concern for future generations may even worsen their wellbeing. Finally, in a world (...)
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  15. Communitarianism 'social constitution,' and autonomy.Andrew Jason Cohen - 1999 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 80 (2):121–135.
    Communitarians like Alasdair MacIntyre, Charles Taylor, and Michael Sandel, defend what we may call the ‘social constitution thesis.’ This is the view that participation in society makes us what we are. This claim, however, is ambiguous. In an attempt to shed some light on it and to better understand the impact its truth would have on our beliefs regarding autonomy, I offer four possible ways it could be understood and four corresponding senses of individual independence and autonomy. I also indicate (...)
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  16.  20
    African Communitarianism and Human Rights.Munamato Chemhuru - 2018 - Theoria 65 (157):37-56.
  17.  21
    Inclusive Communitarianism and Immigration.Paul Neiman - 2023 - Social Theory and Practice 49 (2):313-335.
    Inclusive communitarianism focuses on the feeling of home as the source of personal identity and individual well-being. The feeling of home can be disrupted by moving to a new dwelling, community or nation, or by experiencing changes to one’s dwelling or community while remaining in place. Immigration can cause both a disruption to the feeling of home for immigrants and for those living in the community immigrants settle in. Traditional communitarianism seeks to protect current members from changes resulting (...)
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  18.  69
    Communitarianism, freedom, and the nation‐state.Zygmunt Bauman - 1995 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 9 (4):539-553.
    As many authors have acknowledged in these pages, Will Kymlicka has produced an admirable attempt to reconcile the differences of communitarians and liberals. However, Kymlicka's synthesis ignores the aspects of each theory which make his task impossible. Particularly, his analysis rests upon a misleading picture of communitarian community and an incomplete appreciation of the divergent liberal and communitarian understandings of freedom and pluralism. In the process of demonstrating the incompatibility of these theories, the similarities between communitarianism and nationalism are (...)
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  19.  28
    Communitarianism and Collective Rights.Horacio Spector - 1995 - Analyse & Kritik 17 (1):67-92.
    The article distinguishes metaphysical from practical communitarianism. Metaphysical communitarianism is alleged to involve a concealed ideological element, which leads its adherents to stereotypes when trying to capture the essence of the modern self. The claim is examined that minorities, or other ethnic and cultural groups have collective rights, either moral or legal in nature. Justifications of collective rights resorting to the value of cultural identity are said to be in need of explaining why the proper way of protecting (...)
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    Communitarianism and the Ethics of Communicable Disease: Some Preliminary Thoughts.Cara M. Cheyette - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (4):678-689.
    Communicable diseases, especially those that are highly contagious, are on the rise and each of us, no matter who we are or where we live, is equally at risk of transmitting contagious diseases to others as we are of contracting such diseases from others. Because contagious diseases are as readily passed state-to-state as person-to-person, we all have a stake in every country's ability to enact effective infectious disease control policies, while policies grounded in shared values are more likely to gain (...)
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  21.  33
    Communitarianism and Patriotism.Antoon Vandevelde - 1997 - Ethical Perspectives 4 (3):180-190.
    The collapse of communism and the transition to a market economy and political democracy in Eastern and Central Europe have been accompanied by an outburst of nationalist and patriotic passions. Most commentators see this as a negative phenomenon, a narrow-minded reaction to the void after a long period in which politics was inspired by ideological excess, or a retreat toward a mythical past when confronted with a highly uncertain future. Others look at it in a more positive way: after all (...)
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  22.  66
    Communitarianism, liberalism, and superliberalism.Will Kymlicka - 1994 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 8 (2):263-284.
    Although Roberto Unger is sometimes described as a communitarian critic of liberalism, his recent three‐volume work on Politics disavows the major tenets of contemporary communitarianism—for example, the “embedded self,” the critique of rights, the rejection of universalizing theory. Instead, Unger's aim is to criticize liberalism from the perspective of a “superliberalism"—a perspective which takes the original liberal desire to emancipate individuals from the chains of social custom and hierarchy and rids it of the stultifying economic and political institutions within (...)
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  23.  49
    Communitarianism, the vatican, and the new global order.Robert L. Phillips - 1991 - Ethics and International Affairs 5:135–147.
    Phillips traces the history of communitarianism through Aristotelian and Judeo-Christian writings, clarifying the proper function of the community in helping individuals help themselves by mobilizing church resources and countering anti-religious movements such as Nazism and communism.
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  24. Liberalism, Communitarianism, and Asocialism.Andrew J. Cohen - 2000 - Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (2/3):249-261.
    In this paper I look at three versions of the charge that liberalism’s emphasis on individuals is detrimental to community—that it encourages a pernicious disregard of others by fostering a particular understanding of the individual and the relation she has with her society. According to that understanding, individuals are fundamentally independent entities who only enter into relations by choice and society is seen as nothing more than a venture voluntarily entered into in order to better oneself. Communitarian critics argue that (...)
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  25. Individualism, communitarianism and consensus.Keith Lehrer - 2001 - The Journal of Ethics 5 (2):105-120.
    There is a contemporary conflict between individualistic andcommunitarian conceptions of rationality. Robert Goodin describes it asa conflict between an enlightenment individualistic conception of a``sovereign artificer'''' and ``a socially unencumbered self'''' ascontrasted with the communitarian conception of a ``socially embeddedself'''' whose identity is formed by his or her community. Should wejustify and explain rationality individualistically or socially? This isa false dilemma when consensus is reached by a model articulated byKeith Lehrer and Carl Wagner. According to this model, the consensusresults from the (...)
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  26. Universalism vs. communitarianism: contemporary debates in ethics.David M. Rasmussen (ed.) - 1990 - Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
    Universalism vs. Communitarianism focuses on the question, raised by recent work in normative philosophy, of whether ethical norms are best derived and justified on the basis of universal or communitarian standards. It is unique in representing both Continental and American points of view and both the older and a younger generation of scholars. The essays introduce the key issues involved in universalism vs. communitarianism and take up ethics in historical perspective, practical reason and ethical responsibility, justification, application and (...)
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  27.  33
    Communitarianism: what are the implications for education?James Arthur - 1998 - Educational Studies 24 (3):353-368.
    Summary In the context of British communitarianism there has been almost no educational literature which draws on this philosophy. The educational debate in Britain has suffered as a result of this neglect, therefore this article argues that British educational policy will benefit if it engages with the challenges of recent communitarian debates. The article introduces and reviews the meaning of communitarianism and explores the implications for some education policies in England and Wales.
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    Communitarianism, Multiculturalism and Liberalism.Slobodan Divjak - 2018 - Balkan Journal of Philosophy 10 (2):147-163.
    In the first part of this text, the author exposes the main features of the liberal or civic state, because both communitarians and multiculturalists tend to criticize that type of state. Their critique of the liberal state and the liberal self as an unencumbered self is “culturalist” by its character. However, it is an expression of conceptual confusion, i.e. of their incomprehension of an essential difference between two conceptual levels: one that belongs to the purely normative rights-justifying perspective and the (...)
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  29. Liberal/communitarianism : Macintyre's mesmeric dichotomy.Philip Pettit - 1994 - In John P. Horton & Susan Mendus (eds.), After Macintyre: Critical Perspectives on the Work of Alasdair Macintyre. University of Notre Dame Press.
     
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  30. Does communitarianism require individual independence?Andrew Jason Cohen - 2000 - The Journal of Ethics 4 (3):283-304.
    Critics of liberalism have argued that liberal individualismmisdescribes persons in ignoring the degree to which they aredependent on their communities. Indeed, they argue that personsare essentially socially constituted. In this paper, however, Iprovide two arguments – the first concerning communitariandescriptive claims about persons, our society, and the communitarian ideal society, and the second regarding thecommunitarian view of individual autonomy – that the communitariantheory of Alasdair MacIntyre, Charles Taylor, and Michael Sandel,relies on individuals either being independent from theircommunities or having a (...)
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  31. Communitarianism and republicanism.Richard Dagger - 2004 - In Gerald F. Gaus & Chandran Kukathas (eds.), Handbook of Political Theory. Sage Publications. pp. 167--179.
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  32.  13
    Individualism, Communitarianism, and Docility.George Kateb - 1989 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 56.
  33.  59
    Communitarianism.D. A. Masolo - 2001 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 12:209-228.
    How is the sense (knowledge and feelings) of community produced? What roles do various units of society play in producing such knowledge and feelings? What are the values of the ethic engendered by such knowledge and feelings? I suggest that a communitarian theory indigenous to African culture enables us to respond to these questions. Against the objections of those who advocate an ideology of modern democratic liberalism, I argue that the values of individual worth and freedom are indeed compatible with (...)
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  34. Atomism, Communitarianism, and Confucian Familism.Andrew T. W. Hung - 2022 - Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences 15.
    Charles Taylor criticizes many liberal theories based on a kind of atomism that assumes the individual self-sufficiency outside the polity. This not only causes soft-relativism and political fragmentation but also undermines the solidarity of the community, that is, the very condition of the formation of autonomous citizens. Taylor thus argues for communitarian politics which protects certain cultural common goods for sustaining the solidarity of the community. However, Brenda Lyshaug criticizes Taylor’s communitarianism as suppressing plurality and enhancing hostility among cultural (...)
     
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  35.  19
    Communitarianism: A Historical Overview.Amitai Etzioni - 2019 - In Walter Reese-Schäfer (ed.), Handbuch Kommunitarismus. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 705-730.
    This chapter focuses on the development of communitarianism as a social philosophy and its application to public policy from the 1980s to the present. Communitarianism sees a good society as one that balances several conflicting normative principles, in particular autonomy and the common good. The balance needs to be adjusted as historical conditions change. This need to find a new balance is examined with special attention to the tension between national identities and the EU’s community-building as well as (...)
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  36.  39
    Communitarianism and the question of tolerance.Maurizio Passerin D'Entreves - 1990 - Journal of Social Philosophy 21 (1):77-91.
  37. Communitarianism and the federal idea.Wilfred M. McClay - 1998 - In Peter Augustine Lawler & Dale D. McConkey (eds.), Community and Political Thought Today. Praeger. pp. 101--107.
     
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  38.  33
    Communitarianism, education, and advocacy.Gerard McCann - 1997 - The European Legacy 2 (7):1162-1176.
  39.  17
    Afro-Communitarianism and the Question of Individual Freedom.Jonathan Chimakonam & Chukwuemeka Awugosi - 2020 - Philosophia: International Journal of Philosophy (Philippine e-journal) 21 (1):34-49.
    In this essay, we explore the possibility and the extent of individual freedom within the Afro-communitarian set up. We contend that every community is made up of individuals whose association constitutes the community and as such, that the idea of individual freedom is not only possible but could be necessary. Granted that the idea of communitarianism presupposes the domination of communal values over individual endowments, we contend, nonetheless that when the idea of primordiality of private liberty is taken into (...)
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    Liberalism, communitarianism and discussion method as a means of reconciling controversial moral issues.Basil R. Singh - 1997 - Educational Studies 23 (2):169-184.
    While liberals see personal autonomy as paramount in civil society and as intrinsic to human dignity and human rights, others, such as communitarians, see group rights as intrinsic to human development and human welfare. Thus, while generally liberals give no or very little place in their thinking to right-bearing groups or collective entities, others see communities as conditions for self-fulfilment and individual freedom. This paper explores these two positions and argues that a cultural, pluralist, democratic society will be characterised by (...)
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    Communitarianism and distance: Freud and the homelessness of the modern self.E. Chowers - 2002 - History of Political Thought 23 (4):634-653.
    This essay argues that Freud's theory pictures modern selves as coping with a new existential and social predicament: a sense of homelessness within their own home. More specifically, Freud suggests that individuals feel estranged from parts of their own psyche as well as feeling distant from their own culture and tradition ; in modernity, neither one's mind nor one's community can promise any longer a sense of ground. Because of this sense of perpetual and irrevocable displacement, Freud feared that modern (...)
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  42.  43
    Communitarianism and Individualism in African Thought.Ananyo Basu - 1998 - International Studies in Philosophy 30 (4):1-10.
  43.  13
    Communitarianism and individualism.Clifford A. Bates - 1994 - History of European Ideas 18 (5):769-770.
  44. Communitarianism and social security.Daniel Shapiro - 2010 - In Christi Favor, Gerald F. Gaus & Julian Lamont (eds.), Essays on Philosophy, Politics & Economics: Integration & Common Research Projects. Stanford Economics and Finance.
  45. Liberalism, communitarianism and the conflictual grounds of democratic pluralism.Steven Hendley - 1993 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 19 (3-4):293-316.
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    Afro-Communitarianism and the Duties of Animal Advocates within Racialized Societies: The Case of Racial Politics in South Africa.Luís Cordeiro-Rodrigues - 2021 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 18 (3):511-523.
    Animal advocates world-wide have been accused of campaigns immured in racism. Some authors have argued that for animal advocates to avoid this accusation they should simultaneously engage with racial discrimination issues when advocating for animal welfare/rights. This prescription has been mostly explored in the context of the Global North and by looking at Western normative theory. In this article I address this issue but by looking at the context of South Africa and analysing the prescriptions from an Afro-communitarian ethic. I (...)
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    Communitarianism and the Ethics of Communicable Disease: Some Preliminary Thoughts.Cara M. Cheyette - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (4):678-689.
    Communicable diseases, especially those that are readily contagious, are on the rise as evidenced by the emergence of viruses like severe acute respiratory syndrome, the global resurgence of resistant forms of ancient mycobacteria such as extensively drug resistant tuberculosis, and the 2009 swine flu outbreak in Mexico. Moreover, each of us, no matter who we are or where we live, is just as likely to transmit contagious diseases to others as we are to contract such diseases from others. As cogently (...)
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  48.  20
    Liberalism, Communitarianism and the Project of Self.W. L. van der Merwe & C. Jonker - 2001 - South African Journal of Philosophy 20 (3-4):271-290.
    In this article the authors seek to conceptualize a dynamic and inclusive understanding of personal identity within multicultural democracies such as South Africa, which will draw on both the liberal and communitarian traditions' respect for the project of self. A preliminary lay out for such a project emerges from a literature survey of recent, primarily South African publications on identity and culture, and it suggests that selfhood depends on: a) virtues, cultivated within cooperative communities which allow for effective freedom; b) (...)
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    Liberalism, Communitarianism, and Political Community.Chandran Kukathas - 1996 - Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (1):80.
    The primary concern of this essay is with the question “What is a political community?” This question is important in its own right. Arguably, the main purpose of political philosophy is to provide an account of the nature of political association and, in so doing, to describe the relations that hold between the individual and the state. The question is also important, however, because of its centrality in contemporary debate about liberalism and community.
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  50.  19
    Communitarianism and its Problems.Michael Parker - 1996 - Cogito 10 (3):204-209.
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