Results for 'David S. DeMatteo'

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  1.  72
    Neuropsychological functioning and recall of research consent information among drug court clients.David S. Festinger, Kattiya Ratanadilok, Douglas B. Marlowe, Karen L. Dugosh, Nicholas S. Patapis & David S. DeMatteo - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (2):163 – 186.
    Evidence suggests that research participants often fail to recall much of the information provided during the informed consent process. This study was conducted to determine the proportion of consent information recalled by drug court participants following a structured informed consent procedure and the neuropsychological factors that were related to recall. Eighty-five participants completed a standard informed consent procedure to participate in an ongoing research study, followed by a 17-item consent quiz and a brief neuropsychological battery 2 weeks later. Participants performed (...)
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  2.  1
    Localization and Identification of Brain Microstructural Abnormalities in Paediatric Concussion.David Stillo, Ethan Danielli, Rachelle A. Ho, Carol DeMatteo, Geoffrey B. Hall, Nicholas A. Bock, John F. Connolly & Michael D. Noseworthy - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    In the United States, approximately 2.53 million people sustain a concussion each year. Relative to adults, youth show greater cognitive deficits following concussion and a longer recovery. An accurate and reliable imaging method is needed to determine injury severity and symptom resolution. The primary objective of this study was to characterize concussions with diffusion tensor imaging. This was performed through a normative Z-scoring analysis of DTI metrics, fractional anisotropy, axial diffusivity, and radial diffusivity, to quantify patient-specific injuries and identify commonly (...)
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  3.  32
    David S. Oderberg and Jacqueline A. Laing, human lives: Critical essays on consequentialist bioethics.Reviewed by David M. Adams - 2000 - Ethics 110 (2).
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  4.  37
    Essays on Hegel's Philosophy of Subjective Spirit: Imaginative Transformation and Ethical Action in Literature.David S. Stern (ed.) - 2013 - State University of New York Press.
    The first English-language collection devoted to Hegel’s Philosophy of Subjective Spirit.
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  5.  8
    Editor’s Introduction.David S. Stern - 2013 - Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 20:9-12.
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  6.  56
    The Immanence of Thought: Hegel’s Critique of Foundationalism.David S. Stern - 1990 - The Owl of Minerva 22 (1):19-33.
    From Kierkegaard’s famous polemic against Hegel’s system, and Marx’s rejection of the “mysticism” of reason, to Heidegger’s claim that Hegel completes the tradition of western metaphysics, and contemporary critics’ identification of Hegel as the authoritative spokesman — the “Master” — for the principles of unity and identity, a standard view has governed interpretations and evaluations of Hegel’s philosophy. Though familiarity with the positions just cited reveals considerable disparity, one does not need an especially discerning eye to recognize the common features (...)
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  7. Essays on Hegel’s Philosophy of Subjective Spirit, SUNY Press.David S. Stern (ed.) - forthcoming - SUNY.
     
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  8.  51
    Plato's Cretan City: A Historical Interpretation of the Laws. Glenn R. Morrow.David S. Scarrow - 1960 - Ethics 72 (3):216-217.
  9.  4
    Philosophy's Second Revolution: Early and Recent Analytic Philosophy.David S. Clarke - 1997 - Open Court Publishing Company.
    Clarke proposes a conception of philosophy that provides an alternative to the reductions of materialism and the search for normative principles. Philosophy's proper role is to describe similarities and differences among differing levels of language, specifically the familiar level of discourse within an ordinary language shared by all and the specialized discourses of social institutions such as science, law, and the arts. By constructing a logical framework in which these comparisons and contrasts can be made, philosophy performs the indispensable role (...)
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  10.  34
    David S. Oderberg and Jacqueline A. Laing, Human Lives: Critical Essays on Consequentialist Bioethics:Human Lives: Critical Essays on Consequentialist Bioethics.David M. Adams - 2000 - Ethics 110 (2):434-436.
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  11.  34
    Review of David Walsh, The Modern Philosophical Revolution: The Luminosity of Existence[REVIEW]David S. Pacini - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (9).
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  12.  38
    Kant's Critique of Judgment: A biased aesthetics.David S. Miall - 1980 - British Journal of Aesthetics 20 (2):135-145.
  13.  54
    Cicero’s De Officiis.David S. Brown - 2002 - Teaching Philosophy 25 (2):151-159.
    The goal of this paper is to increase interest in Cicero’s “De Officiis” as both a textbook and resource for developing curricula at the secondary and post-secondary level. The paper begins by tracing the extensive influence that the work has had in ethics, political philosophy, literature, and education before proceeding to an explanation for why its influence has waned since the nineteenth century. Next, the paper contends that “De Officiis” addresses some of the most relevant and pressing questions in ethics. (...)
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  14. Real Essentialism.David S. Oderberg - 2007 - New York: Routledge.
    _Real Essentialism_ presents a comprehensive defence of neo-Aristotelian essentialism. Do objects have essences? Must they be the kinds of things they are in spite of the changes they undergo? Can we know what things are really like – can we define and classify reality? Many, if not most, philosophers doubt this, influenced by centuries of empiricism, and by the anti-essentialism of Wittgenstein, Quine, Popper, and other thinkers. _Real Essentialism_ reinvigorates the tradition of realist, essentialist metaphysics, defending the reality and knowability (...)
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  15.  22
    Bradley's influence upon modern logic.David S. Scarrow - 1962 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 22 (3):380-382.
  16.  13
    Cicero’s De Officiis: Ancient Ethics for Modern Times.David S. Brown - 2002 - Teaching Philosophy 25 (2):151-159.
    The goal of this paper is to increase interest in Cicero’s “De Officiis” as both a textbook and resource for developing curricula at the secondary and post-secondary level. The paper begins by tracing the extensive influence that the work has had in ethics, political philosophy, literature, and education before proceeding to an explanation for why its influence has waned since the nineteenth century. Next, the paper contends that “De Officiis” addresses some of the most relevant and pressing questions in ethics. (...)
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  17.  71
    Espousing interactions and Fielding reactions: Addressing laypeople's beliefs about genetic determinism.David S. Moore - 2008 - Philosophical Psychology 21 (3):331 – 348.
    Although biologists and philosophers of science generally agree that genes cannot determine the forms of biological and psychological traits, students, journalists, politicians, and other members of the general public nonetheless continue to embrace genetic determinism. This article identifies some of the concerns typically raised by individuals when they first encounter the systems perspective that biologists and philosophers of science now favor over genetic determinism, and uses arguments informed by that perspective to address those concerns. No definitive statements can yet be (...)
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  18.  1
    Complexity, Global Politics, and National Security.David S. Alberts & Thomas J. Czerwinski - 1997
    Contents:Acknowledgements Foreword Preface SETTING THE SCENEThe Simple and the Complex America in the World Today COMPLEXITY THEORY and NATIONAL SECURITY POLICYComplex Systems: The Role of Interactions Many Damn Things Simultaneously: Complexity Theory and World Affairs Complexity, Chaos, and National Security Policy: Metaphors or Tools? The Reaction to Chaos COMPLEXITY THEORY, STRATEGY, and OPERATIONSClausewitz, Nonlinearity, and the Importance of Imagery Complexity and Organization Management Command and Control: The Military Implications of Complexity Theory Complexity Theory and Air Power Chaos Theory and U. (...)
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  19.  15
    Hare's account of moral reasoning.David S. Scarrow - 1966 - Ethics 76 (2):137-141.
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  20.  16
    The Ways of Confucianism: Investigations in Chinese Philosophy.David S. Nivison - 1996 - Open Court Publishing.
    "Nivison brings out the exciting variety within Confucian thought, as he interprets and elucidates key thinkers from over two thousand years, from Confucius himself, through Mencius and Xunzi, to such later Confucians as Wang Yangming, Dai Zhen, and Zhang Xuecheng."--Cover.
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  21.  13
    Lawyers & Vampires: Cultural Histories of Legal Professions edited by W. Wesley Pue & David Sugarman.David S. Caudill - 2004 - Legal Ethics 7 (2):276-284.
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  22.  43
    Hippocampus, space, and memory.David S. Olton, James T. Becker & Gail E. Handelmann - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):313-322.
    We examine two different descriptions of the behavioral functions of the hippocampal system. One emphasizes spatially organized behaviors, especially those using cognitive maps. The other emphasizes memory, particularly working memory, a short-term memory that requires iexible stimulus-response associations and is highly susceptible to interference. The predictive value of the spatial and memory descriptions were evaluated by testing rats with damage to the hippocampal system in a series of experiments, independently manipulating the spatial and memory characteristics of a behavioral task. No (...)
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  23.  20
    An evaluation of Mealey's hypotheses based on psychopathy checklist: Identified groups.David S. Kosson & Joseph P. Newman - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):562-563.
    Although Mealey's account provides several interesting hypotheses, her integration across disparate samples renders the value of her explanation for psychopathy ambiguous. Recent evidence on Psychopathy Checklist-identified samples (Hare, 1991) suggests primary emotional and cognitive deficits inconsistent with her model. Whereas high-anxious psychopaths display interpersonal deficits consistent with Mealey's hypotheses, low-anxious psychopaths' deficits appear more sensitive to situational parameters than predicted.
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  24.  22
    A Distributed Connectionist Production System.David S. Touretzky & Geoffrey E. Hinton - 1988 - Cognitive Science 12 (3):423-466.
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  25.  8
    Science, Technology, and the British Industrial "Decline," 1870-1970. David Edgerton.David S. Landes - 1997 - Isis 88 (2):357-358.
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  26.  21
    Justice Kennedy's gendered world.David S. Cohen - manuscript
    As part of the South Carolina Law Review's symposium on the Roberts Court and Equal Protection, this essay looks at Justice Kennedy's sex discrimination jurisprudence. With the new Court, it's natural to be concerned with how the two new Justices might vote in upcoming sex discrimination cases. However, in this essay, I assume what has been the case so far from Chief Justice Roberts and Justice Alito - that they are reliable votes joining Justices Scalia and Thomas on the Court's (...)
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  27.  15
    Conceptual challenges for interpretable machine learning.David S. Watson - 2022 - Synthese 200 (2):1-33.
    As machine learning has gradually entered into ever more sectors of public and private life, there has been a growing demand for algorithmic explainability. How can we make the predictions of complex statistical models more intelligible to end users? A subdiscipline of computer science known as interpretable machine learning has emerged to address this urgent question. Numerous influential methods have been proposed, from local linear approximations to rule lists and counterfactuals. In this article, I highlight three conceptual challenges that are (...)
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  28.  27
    Habermas's Developmental Logic Thesis Universal or Eurocentric?David S. Owen - 1998 - Philosophy Today 42 (Supplement):104-111.
  29. On realism's own "hangover" of natural law philosophy : Llewellyn 'avec' Dooyeweerd.David S. Caudill - 2009 - In Francis J. Mootz (ed.), On Philosophy in American Law. Cambridge University Press.
  30.  6
    Christ and Revelatory Community in Bonhoeffer’s Reception of Hegel.David S. Robinson - 2018 - Mohr Siebeck.
    Back cover: How is God revealed through the life of a human community? Dietrich Bonhoeffer's theological ethics begins from the claim to 'Christ existing as community', which David Robinson presents as one of several critical and politically astute variations on G.W.F. Hegel's philosophy of religion.
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  31.  46
    Patricia Kitcher and “kant’s real self”.David S. Brown - 1997 - Southwest Philosophy Review 13 (1):163-174.
  32. Essence and properties.David S. Oderberg - unknown
    The distinction between the essence of an object and its properties has been obscured in contemporary discussion of essentialism. Locke held that the properties of an object are exclusively those features that ‘flow’ from its essence. Here he follows the Aristotelian theory, leaving aside Locke’s own scepticism about the knowability of essence. I defend the need to distinguish sharply between essence and properties, arguing that essence must be given by form and that properties flow from form. I give a precise (...)
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  33.  12
    Chinese Language, Thought, and Culture: Nivison and His Critics.David S. Nivison - 1996 - Open Court Publishing.
    This collection of essays by leading sinologists, historians, and philosophers both challenges and extends the work of David Nivison, whose contributions range across moral philosophy, religious thought, intellectual history, and Chinese language. Nivison himself replies to each essay.
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  34.  6
    Habermas's Developmental Logic Thesis Universal or Eurocentric?David S. Owen - 1998 - Philosophy Today 42 (Supplement):104-111.
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  35.  9
    The explanation game: a formal framework for interpretable machine learning.David S. Watson & Luciano Floridi - 2021 - Synthese 198 (10):9211-9242.
    We propose a formal framework for interpretable machine learning. Combining elements from statistical learning, causal interventionism, and decision theory, we design an idealisedexplanation gamein which players collaborate to find the best explanation(s) for a given algorithmic prediction. Through an iterative procedure of questions and answers, the players establish a three-dimensional Pareto frontier that describes the optimal trade-offs between explanatory accuracy, simplicity, and relevance. Multiple rounds are played at different levels of abstraction, allowing the players to explore overlapping causal patterns of (...)
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  36.  92
    The explanation game: a formal framework for interpretable machine learning.David S. Watson & Luciano Floridi - 2020 - Synthese 198 (10):1–⁠32.
    We propose a formal framework for interpretable machine learning. Combining elements from statistical learning, causal interventionism, and decision theory, we design an idealised explanation game in which players collaborate to find the best explanation for a given algorithmic prediction. Through an iterative procedure of questions and answers, the players establish a three-dimensional Pareto frontier that describes the optimal trade-offs between explanatory accuracy, simplicity, and relevance. Multiple rounds are played at different levels of abstraction, allowing the players to explore overlapping causal (...)
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  37.  6
    Shared Decision Making Still a Goal and Not a Practice: How One Physician Learned about the Other Side, The Patient's Perspective.David S. Dinhofer - 2016 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 7 (1-2):11-19.
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  38.  15
    Literature in the Drama of Nature and Grace: Hans Urs von Balthasar's Paradigm for a Theology of Culture.David S. Yeago - 1996 - Renascence 48 (2):95-109.
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  39.  98
    Clinical applications of machine learning algorithms: beyond the black box.David S. Watson, Jenny Krutzinna, Ian N. Bruce, Christopher E. M. Griffiths, Iain B. McInnes, Michael R. Barnes & Luciano Floridi - 2019 - British Medical Journal 364:I886.
    Machine learning algorithms may radically improve our ability to diagnose and treat disease. For moral, legal, and scientific reasons, it is essential that doctors and patients be able to understand and explain the predictions of these models. Scalable, customisable, and ethical solutions can be achieved by working together with relevant stakeholders, including patients, data scientists, and policy makers.
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  40.  38
    Whiteness in Du Bois’s The Souls of Black Folk.David S. Owen - 2007 - Philosophia Africana 10 (2):107-126.
  41. Corporate social responsibility and financial disclosures: An alternative explanation for increased disclosure. [REVIEW]David S. Gelb & Joyce A. Strawser - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 33 (1):1 - 13.
    Researchers and practitioners have devoted considerable attention to firms'' policies regarding discretionary disclosures. Prior studies argue that firms increase demand for their debt and equity issues and, thus, lower their cost of capital, by providing more informative disclosures. However, empirical research has generally not been able to document significant benefits from increased disclosure.This paper proposes an alternative explanation – firms disclose because it is the socially responsible thing to do. We argue that companies have incentives to engage in stakeholder management (...)
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  42.  15
    Mr. Aldrich's “Last Word”.David S. Shwayder - 1954 - Philosophical Studies 5 (4):62-64.
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  43. Hylemorphic dualism.David S. Oderberg - 2005 - Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (2):70-99.
    To the extent that dualism is even taken to be a serious option in contemporary discussions of personal identity and the philosophy of mind, it is almost exclusively either Cartesian dualism or property dualism that is considered. The more traditional dualism defended by Aristotelians and Thomists, what I call hylemorphic dualism, has only received scattered attention. In this essay I set out the main lines of the hylemorphic dualist position, with particular reference to personal identity. First I argue that overemphasis (...)
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  44.  13
    The World of Thought in Ancient China.David S. Nivison - 1988 - Philosophy East and West 38 (4):411-419.
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  45.  81
    Reconsidering Virtue: Differences of Perspective in Virtue Ethics and the Positive Social Sciences.David S. Bright, Bradley A. Winn & Jason Kanov - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 119 (4):1-16.
    This paper describes differences in two perspectives on the idea of virtue as a theoretical foundation for positive organizational ethics (POE). The virtue ethics perspective is grounded in the philosophical tradition, has classical roots, and focuses attention on virtue as a property of character. The positive social science perspective is a recent movement (e.g., positive psychology and positive organizational scholarship) that has implications for POE. The positive social science movement operationalizes virtue through an empirical lens that emphasizes virtuous behaviors. From (...)
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  46.  13
    Melanie A. Kiechle. Smell Detectives: An Olfactory History of Nineteenth-Century Urban America. Foreword by Paul S. Sutter. xviii + 331 pp., figs., bibl., index. Seattle/London: University of Washington Press, 2017. $34.95 . ISBN 9780295741932. [REVIEW]David S. Barnes - 2019 - Isis 110 (2):418-420.
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  47.  10
    The Asymmetrical Bridge: Book Review of James Tabery’s Beyond Versus: The Struggle to Understand the Interaction of Nature and Nurture.David S. Moore - 2015 - Acta Biotheoretica 63 (4):413-427.
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  48.  23
    James E. Force and Richard H. Popkin, "Essays on the Context, Nature, and Influence of Isaac Newton's Theology". [REVIEW]David S. Katz - 1992 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 30 (3):457.
  49.  32
    Interpreting rights and culture: Extendinglaw's empire.David S. Berry - 1998 - Res Publica 4 (1):3-28.
  50.  25
    Peccatorum Communio: Intercession in Bonhoeffer’s Use of Hegel.David S. Robinson - 2015 - Studies in Christian Ethics 28 (1):86-100.
    This essay challenges the portrayal of philosophical idealism as sinful ‘confinement in the self’, arguing that this obscures a relationship between Hegel and Bonhoeffer characterised by variation rather than contradiction. I first trace a limited congeniality between their respective critiques of the ‘beautiful soul’ and the ‘privately virtuous’, showing how both thinkers resist moral isolation through the call to confession. Second, I follow their attempts to overcome an oppositional logic between such social exchange and divine agency, rooted in the syntax (...)
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