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Geoffrey Scarre [62]Geoffrey F. Scarre [2]
  1. Death.Geoffrey Scarre - 2006 - Routledge.
    What is death and why does it matter to us? How should the knowledge of our finitude affect the living of our lives and what are the virtues suitable to mortal beings? Does death destroy the meaningfulness of lives, or would lives that never ended be eternally and absurdly tedious? Should we reconcile ourselves to the fact of our forthcoming death, or refuse to "go gently into that good night"? Can death really be an evil if, after death, we no (...)
     
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  2.  58
    Utilitarianism.Geoffrey Scarre - 1996 - Routledge.
    Surveying the historical development and the present condition of utilitarian ethics, Geoffrey Scarre examines the major philosophers from Lao Tzu in the fifth century BC to Richard Hare in the twentieth. Utilitarianism traces the 'doctrine of utility' from the moralists of the ancient world, through the Enlightenment and Victorian utilitarianism up to the lively debate of the present day. Utilitarianism today faces challenges on several fronts: it cannot warrant the drawing of adequate protective boundaries around the essential interests of individuals, (...)
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  3.  1
    Logic and Reality in the Philosophy of John Stuart Mill.Geoffrey Scarre - 1988 - Springer Verlag.
    'Nobody reads Mill today,' wrote a reviewer in Time magazine a few years ago.! One could scarcely praise Mr Melvin Maddocks, who penned that remark, for his awareness of the present state of Mill studies, for of all nineteenth century philosophers who wrote in English, it is 1. S. Mill who remains the most read today. Yet it would not be so far from the truth to say that very few people pay much serious attention nowadays to Mill's writings about (...)
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  4.  78
    Can There Be a Good Death?Geoffrey Scarre - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1082-1086.
  5.  50
    On Taking Back Forgiveness.Geoffrey Scarre - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (4):931-944.
    I argue that the effectiveness of forgiveness in the healing of relationships is dependent on both the givers and recipients of forgiveness understanding that once it has been granted, forgiveness is not normally able to be retracted. When we forgive, we make a firm commitment not to return to our former state of moral resentment against the offender, replacing it by good-will. This commitment can be broken only where the forgiving party makes some significant cognitive adjustment to her appraisal of (...)
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  6. Children, Parents, and Politics.Geoffrey Scarre (ed.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    This highly original collection of essays, first published in 1989, is concerned with the nature of children and their moral and political status. The international team of contributors explore, and in some cases criticise and revise popular thought on children and their place in society. The book is divided into three parts: the first deals with the historical, social and psychological framework of contemporary perspectives on children and childhood; a second set of papers takes up questions about the position of (...)
     
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  7.  18
    On Courage.Geoffrey Scarre - 2010 - Routledge.
    What is courage and why is it one of the oldest and most universally admired virtues? How is it relevant in the world today, and what contemporary forms does it take? In this insightful and crisply written book, Geoffrey Scarre examines these questions and many more. He begins by defining courage, asking how it differs from fearlessness, recklessness and fortitude, and why people are often more willing to ascribe it to others than to avow it for themselves. He also asks (...)
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  8.  80
    Donner and Riley on Qualitative Hedonism.Geoffrey Scarre - 1997 - Utilitas 9 (3):351.
  9. Kant on Free and Dependent Beauty.Geoffrey Scarre - 1981 - British Journal of Aesthetics 21 (4):351-362.
  10.  16
    Appropriating the Past: Philosophical Perspectives on the Practice of Archaeology.Geoffrey Scarre & Robin Coningham (eds.) - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: 1. Introduction Geoffrey Scarre and Robin Coningham; Part I. Claiming the Past: 2. The values of the past James O. Young; 3. Whose past? archaeological knowledge, community knowledge, and the embracing of conflict Piotr Bienkowski; 4. The past people want: heritage for the majority? Cornelius Holtorf; 5. The ethics of repatriation: rights of possession and duties of respect Janna Thompson; 6. On archaeological ethics and letting go Larry J. Zimmerman; 7. Hintang and the dilemma of benevolence: (...)
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  11.  40
    The ‘Constitutive Thought’ of Regret.Geoffrey Scarre - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (5):569-585.
    In this paper I defend and develop Bernard Williams’ claim that the ‘constitutive thought’ of regret is ‘something like “how much better if it had been otherwise”’. An introductory section on cognitivist theories of emotion is followed by a detailed investigation of the concept of ‘agent-regret’ and of the ways in which the ‘constitutive thought’ might be articulated in different situations in which agents acknowledge casual responsibility for bringing about undesirable outcomes. Among problematic cases discussed are those in which agents (...)
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  12.  31
    Political Reconciliation, Forgiveness and Grace.Geoffrey Scarre - 2011 - Studies in Christian Ethics 24 (2):171-182.
    This essay argues that the overuse of the idiom of forgiveness has distorted our understanding of the nature and requirements of political reconciliation, and proposes its supplementation by a notion of grace. This is a mode of response to wrongs that is less hedged around by conventions and conditions, and grace complements forgiveness in contexts in which the latter is inappropriate; it is also more serviceable for maintaining inter-community harmony in the long term. Following a detailed analysis of grace in (...)
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  13.  19
    The Ethics of Archaeology: Philosophical Perspectives on Archaeological Practice.Chris Scarre & Geoffrey Scarre (eds.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    The question of ethics and their role in archaeology has stimulated one of the discipline's liveliest debates. In this collection of essays, first published in 2006, an international team of archaeologists, anthropologists and philosophers explore the ethical issues archaeology needs to address. Marrying the skills and expertise of practitioners from different disciplines, the collection produces interesting insights into many of the ethical dilemmas facing archaeology today. Topics discussed include relations with indigenous peoples; the professional standards and responsibilities of researchers; the (...)
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  14.  32
    Excusing the Inexcusable? Moral Responsibility and Ideologically Motivated Wrongdoing.Geoffrey Scarre - 2005 - Journal of Social Philosophy 36 (4):457–472.
  15.  25
    Children and Paternalism.Geoffrey Scarre - 1980 - Philosophy 55 (211):117 - 124.
  16. Epicurus as a Forerunner of Utilitarianism.Geoffrey Scarre - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (2):219.
    How original was the utilitarianism of Jeremy Bentham? In John Stuart Mill's opinion, not very original at all. Bentham maintained that pleasure and pain should provide our chief criteria of the moral quality of actions, because they are important above all other things in making our lives go well or ill. But two thousand years before Bentham defended the doctrine of utility that ‘all things are good or evil, by virtue solely of the pain or pleasure which they produce”, a (...)
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  17. Can Archaeology Harm the Dead.Geoffrey Scarre - 2006 - In Chris Scarre & Geoffrey Scarre (eds.), The Ethics of Archaeology: Philosophical Perspectives on Archaeological Practice. Cambridge University Press. pp. 181--98.
     
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  18.  33
    Evil Collectives.Geoffrey Scarre - 2012 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 36 (1):74-92.
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  19.  19
    Forgiveness and Identification.Geoffrey Scarre - 2016 - Philosophia 44 (4):1021-1028.
    Philosophical discussion of forgiveness has mainly focused on cases in which victims and offenders are known to each other. But it commonly happens that a victim brings an offender under a definite description but does not know to which individual this applies. I explore some of the conceptual and moral issues raised by the phenomenon of forgiveness in circumstances in which identification is incomplete, tentative or even mistaken. Among the conclusions reached are that correct and precise identification of the offending (...)
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  20.  30
    Proof and Implication in Mill's Philosophy of Logic.Geoffrey Scarre - 1984 - History and Philosophy of Logic 5 (1):19-37.
    Following a brief preface, the second section of this paper discusses Mill's early reflections on the problem of how deductive inference can be illuminating. In the third section it is suggested that in his Logic Mill misconstrued the feature that the premises of a logically valid argument contain the conclusion as the ground of a charge that deductive proof is question-begging. The fourth section discusses the nature of the traditional petitio objection to syllogism, and the fifth shows that Mill had (...)
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  21.  47
    The Continence of Virtue.Geoffrey Scarre - 2013 - Philosophical Investigations 36 (1):1-19.
    Many recent writers in the virtue ethics tradition have followed Aristotle in arguing for a distinction between virtue and continence, where the latter is conceived as an inferior moral condition. In this paper I contend that rather than seeking to identify a sharp categorical difference between virtue and continence, we should see the contrast as rather one of degree, where virtue is a continence that has matured with practice and habit, becoming more stable, effective and self-aware.
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  22.  56
    Privacy and the Dead.Geoffrey F. Scarre - 2012 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 19 (1):1-16.
    The privacy of the dead might be thought to be violated by, for instance, the disinterment for research purposes of human physical remains or the posthumous revelation of embarrassing facts about people's private lives. But are there any moral rights to privacy which extend beyond the grave? Although this notion can be challenged on the ground that death marks the end of the personal subject, with the consequent extinction of her interests, I argue that a right to privacy belongs to (...)
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  23.  9
    Lest We Forget: How and Why We Should Remember the Great War.Geoffrey F. Scarre - 2014 - Ethical Perspectives 21 (3):321-344.
    Because commemorations of historic events say as much about the present as the past, it is important to think carefully about how and why we should remember the Great War in the centenary year of its outbreak. Commemoration must not be allowed to degenerate into mere mass entertainment, thoughtless celebration of martial valour, an occasion for chauvinism, or an advertisement for the merits of war as a means of settling international disputes. More respectable reasons for commemorating the Great War are (...)
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  24.  83
    Utilitarianism and Self-Respect.Geoffrey Scarre - 1992 - Utilitas 4 (1):27.
    Modern utilitarianism has largely abandoned the view that human well-being consists solely in pleasurable sensations. Too much was wanting in that view for it to withstand the critique of a more refined philosophical psychology than was available to Bentham and Mill. The objections are by now familiar and need no detailed rehearsal. The older view failed to characterize adequately the structure of human satisfactions, forgetting that we can care about things that will happen after we are dead, that we generally (...)
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  25.  23
    Archaeology and Respect for the Dead.Geoffrey Scarre - 2003 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 20 (3):237–249.
  26. Evil.Geoffrey Scarre - 2010 - In John Skorupski (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Ethics. Routledge.
     
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  27.  22
    Happiness for the Millian.Geoffrey Scarre - 1999 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 7 (3):491 – 502.
  28.  83
    Upton on Evil Pleasures.Geoffrey Scarre - 2001 - Utilitas 13 (1):106-111.
    In a recent contribution to Utilitas Hugh Upton has criticized my defence of utilitarianism against the charge that it is committed to regarding the pleasures taken by sadists in other people's pain as increasing the amount of good in the world and so at least partially offsetting the suffering of the victims. In the present paper I clarify and defend my view that sadists implicitly insult their own human qualities, thus rendering it impossible to respect themselves as human beings, when (...)
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  29. Interpreting the Categorical Imperative.Geoffrey Scarre - 1998 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 6 (2):223 – 236.
    In this paper the author considers a number of objections to the views he expressed in "kant's examples of the first formulation of the categorical imperative" ("the philosophical quarterly", Volume 7, Number 26, January, 1973) by professor kemp in "kant's examples of the categorical imperative" ("the philosophical quarterly", Volume 8, Number 30, January, 1957) and does what he can to reply to them.
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  30.  58
    Understanding the Moral Phenomenology of the Third Reich.Geoffrey Scarre - 1998 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (4):423-445.
    This paper discusses the issue of German moral responsibility for the Holocaust in the light of the thesis of Daniel Goldhagen and others that inherited negative stereotypes of Jews and Jewishness were prime causal factors contributing to the genocide. It is argued that in so far as the Germans of the Third Reich were dupes of an ''hallucinatory ideology,'' they strikingly exemplify the ''paradox of moral luck'' outlined by Thomas Nagel, that people are not morally responsible for what they are (...)
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  31.  22
    The Second Book of Job.Geoffrey Scarre - 1991 - Cogito 5 (2):92-99.
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  32.  23
    Demons, Demonologists and Descartes.Geoffrey Scarre - 1990 - Heythrop Journal 31 (1):3–22.
  33.  18
    Can Evil Attract?Geoffrey Scarre - 2000 - Heythrop Journal 41 (3):303–317.
    It has sometimes been claimed that the perceived badness of an act can in some circumstances, or for some agents, be a reason for performing it. The present paper challenges this claim, arguing that it is hard to make sense of the idea that a negative evaluation of an action can provide an intelligible reason for doing it. Apparent counter‐examples are discussed and dismissed and the paper concludes with some general reflections on the relationship between evaluation and motivation.
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  34.  1
    Can Evil Attract?Geoffrey Scarre - 2000 - Heythrop Journal 41 (3):303-317.
    It has sometimes been claimed that the perceived badness of an act can in some circumstances, or for some agents, be a reason for performing it. The present paper challenges this claim, arguing that it is hard to make sense of the idea that a negative evaluation of an action can provide an intelligible reason for doing it. Apparent counter‐examples are discussed and dismissed and the paper concludes with some general reflections on the relationship between evaluation and motivation.
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  35. Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Mill on Utilitarianism.Roger Crisp, Geoffrey Scarre & William H. Shaw - 2000 - Mind 109 (436):873-879.
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  36.  4
    In His Recent Work Vessels of Evil: American Slavery and the Holo.Should We Fear Death & Geoffrey Scarre - 1997 - International Philosophical Quarterly 37 (3).
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  37. Apologising for Historic Injustices.Geoffrey Scarre - 2011 - In Christel Fricke (ed.), The Ethics of Forgiveness: A Collection of Essays. Routledge.
     
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  38.  2
    A Simple Argument for Faith Requiring Reasons.Geoffrey Scarre - 1981 - New Blackfriars 62 (730):157-168.
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  39.  17
    Aging Thoughtfully. [REVIEW]Geoffrey Scarre - 2018 - The Philosophers' Magazine 80:114-116.
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  40.  3
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Geoffrey Scarre - 1994 - British Journal of Aesthetics 34 (4):384-387.
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  41. Cultural Heritage, Ethics and Contemporary Migrations.Geoffrey Scarre, Cornelius Holtorf & Andreas Pantazatos (eds.) - forthcoming - Routledge.
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  42.  71
    Corrective Justice and Reputation.Geoffrey Scarre - 2006 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (3):305-319.
    Courts of criminal jurisdiction commonly allow for mitigating circumstances when determining the punishment of convicted wrongdoers. This paper looks at some of the moral issues raised by mitigation, and asks in particular whether the damage that arraignment or conviction does to the good name of a previously well-reputed person may ever reasonably be considered as a circumstance justifying the imposition of a penalty lighter than is standard for the offence. It is argued that making an allowance for the loss of (...)
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  43.  12
    Cars on the Carpet.Geoffrey Scarre - 1994 - Philosophy Now 9:20-21.
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  44.  27
    Death and Loss.Geoffrey Scarre - 1996 - Cogito 10 (3):186-189.
  45. Death and Loss.Geoffrey Scarre - 1996 - Cogito 10 (3):186-189.
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  46.  4
    Demons, Demonologists and Descartes.Geoffrey Scarre - 1990 - Heythrop Journal 31 (1):3-22.
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  47.  9
    Eve Garrard and David McNaughton, Forgiveness (Durham: Acumen, 2010), Xii + 132 Pp. ISBN: 978-1-84465-226-6. £9.99 (Pbk.). [REVIEW]Geoffrey Scarre - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (4):567-569.
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  48. Hume's Philosophy of Religion: The Sixth James Montgomery Hester Seminar by Antony Flew Et Al. Wake Forest University Press, 1986. 144 Pp. $15.00. [REVIEW]Geoffrey Scarre - 1988 - Philosophical Books 29 (2):86-88.
  49.  44
    Is Act-Utilitarianism the 'Ethics of Fantasy'?Geoffrey Scarre - 1998 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (3):259–270.
    Act-utilitarianism is often criticized as an unreasonably demanding moral philosophy that commits agents to a life of ceaseless and depersonalizing do-gooding. In this essay I argue in Sidgwickian vein that the strenuousness of act-utilitarianism has been greatly exaggerated and that the practical demands of the doctrine in the contemporary world are closer to those of commonsense morality than such critics as Derek Parfit and Brad Hooker allow.
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  50.  24
    On Caring About One's Posthumous Reputation.Geoffrey Scarre - 2001 - American Philosophical Quarterly 38 (2):209 - 219.
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