Results for 'Jennifer S. Lipton'

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  1. Preschool Children's Mapping of Number Words to Nonsymbolic Numerosities.Jennifer S. Lipton & Elizabeth S. Spelke - unknown
    Five-year-old children categorized as skilled versus unskilled counters were given verbal estimation and number word comprehension tasks with numerosities 20 – 120. Skilled counters showed a linear relation between number words and nonsymbolic numerosities. Unskilled counters showed the same linear relation for smaller numbers to which they could count, but not for larger number words. Further tasks indicated that unskilled counters failed even to correctly order large number words differing by a 2 : 1 ratio, whereas they performed well on (...)
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  2.  49
    Preschool Children Master the Logic of Number Word Meanings.Jennifer S. Lipton & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2006 - Cognition 98 (3):57-66.
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  3.  70
    Beyond Valence: Toward a Model of Emotion-Specific Influences on Judgement and Choice.Jennifer S. Lerner & Dacher Keltner - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (4):473-493.
  4. A Quantum Probability Account of Order Effects in Inference.Jennifer S. Trueblood & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (8):1518-1552.
    Order of information plays a crucial role in the process of updating beliefs across time. In fact, the presence of order effects makes a classical or Bayesian approach to inference difficult. As a result, the existing models of inference, such as the belief-adjustment model, merely provide an ad hoc explanation for these effects. We postulate a quantum inference model for order effects based on the axiomatic principles of quantum probability theory. The quantum inference model explains order effects by transforming a (...)
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  5.  70
    What’s the Point of Ceteris Paribus? Or, How to Understand Supply and Demand Curves.Jennifer S. Jhun - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (2):271-292.
    Philosophers sometimes claim that economics, and the idealizing strategies it employs, is ultimately unable to provide genuine laws of nature. Therefore, unlike physics, it does not qualify as an actual science. Careful consideration of thermodynamics, a well-developed physical theory, reveals substantial parallels with economic methodology. The corrective account of scientific understanding I offer appreciates these parallels: understanding in terms of efficient performance.
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  6.  68
    Exploitation and Developing Countries: The Ethics of Clinical Research.Jennifer S. Hawkins & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2008 - Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton Univ Pr.
    This book was inspired originally by the debates at the turn of the century about placebo controlled trials of antiretrovirals in HIV positive pregnant women in developing countries. Moving forward from this one limited example, the book includes several additional controversial cases of clinical research conducted in developing countries, and asks probing philosophical questions about the ethics of such trials. All clinical research by its very nature uses people to acquire generalizable knowledge to help future people. But what sorts of (...)
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  7.  14
    The Multiattribute Linear Ballistic Accumulator Model of Context Effects in Multialternative Choice.Jennifer S. Trueblood, Scott D. Brown & Andrew Heathcote - 2014 - Psychological Review 121 (2):179-205.
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  8.  23
    Insights Into Emotion Regulation From Neuropsychology.Jennifer S. Beer, Michael V. Lombardo & J. J. Gross - 2007 - In James J. Gross (ed.), Handbook of Emotion Regulation. Guilford Press. pp. 69--86.
  9.  37
    When Public Health and Genetic Privacy Collide: Positive and Normative Theories Explaining How ACA's Expansion of Corporate Wellness Programs Conflicts with GINA's Privacy Rules.Jennifer S. Bard - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):469-487.
    The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA) contains many provisions intended to increase access to and lower the cost of health care by adopting public health measures. One of these promotes the use of at-work wellness programs by both providing employers with grants to develop these programs and also increasing their ability to tie the price employees pay for health insurance for participating in these programs and meeting specific health goals. Yet despite ACA's specific alteration of three (...)
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  10.  42
    The Default Self: Feeling Good or Being Right?Jennifer S. Beer - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (5):187-189.
  11.  47
    Parental Influence on Eating Behavior: Conception to Adolescence.Jennifer S. Savage, Jennifer Orlet Fisher & Leann L. Birch - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):22-34.
    The first years of life mark a time of rapid development and dietary change, as children transition from an exclusive milk diet to a modified adult diet. During these early years, children's learning about food and eating plays a central role in shaping subsequent food choices, diet quality, and weight status. Parents play a powerful role in children's eating behavior, providing both genes and environment for children. For example, they influence children's developing preferences and eating behaviors by making some foods (...)
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  12.  11
    Current Emotion Research in Social Neuroscience: How Does Emotion Influence Social Cognition?Jennifer S. Beer - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (2):172-180.
    Neuroscience investigations of emotional influences on social cognition have been dominated by the somatic marker hypothesis and dual-process theories. Taken together, these lines of inquiry have not provided strong evidence that emotional influences on social cognition rely on neural systems which code for bodily signals of arousal nor distinguish emotional reasoning from other modes of reasoning. Recent findings raise the possibility that emotionally influenced social cognition relies on two stages of neural changes: once when emotion is elicited and a different (...)
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  13.  58
    Learning From Law's Past: A Call for Caution in Incorporating New Innovations in Neuroscience.Jennifer S. Bard - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (9):73-75.
  14.  27
    A Quantum Probability Model of Causal Reasoning.Jennifer S. Trueblood & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
  15.  4
    When Public Health and Genetic Privacy Collide: Positive and Normative Theories Explaining How ACA's Expansion of Corporate Wellness Programs Conflicts with GINA's Privacy Rules.Jennifer S. Bard - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):469-487.
    The passing of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is a triumph for the field of public health. Its inclusion of many provisions intended to prevent illness and promote health endorses the core belief of public health as expressed by Dr. Georges Benjamin, the long-time executive director of the American Public Health Association, in a Washington Post opinion piece praising ACA for “provid[ing] care as far upstream as possible… [in order to] reduce costs by identifying problems early and then (...)
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  16.  13
    Parental Influence on Eating Behavior: Conception to Adolescence.Jennifer S. Savage, Jennifer Orlet Fisher & Leann L. Birch - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (1):22-34.
    Eating behaviors evolve during the first years of life as biological and behavioral processes directed towards meeting requirements for health and growth. For the vast majority of human history, food scarcity has constituted a major threat to survival, and human eating behavior and child feeding practices have evolved in response to this threat. Because infants are born into a wide variety of cultures and cuisines, they come equipped as young omnivores with a set of behavioral predispositions that allow them to (...)
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  17. The Subjective Intuition.Jennifer S. Hawkins - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 148 (1):61 - 68.
    Theories of well-being are typically divided into subjective and objective. Subjective theories are those which make facts about a person’s welfare depend on facts about her actual or hypothetical mental states. I am interested in what motivates this approach to the theory of welfare. The contemporary view is that subjectivism is devoted to honoring the evaluative perspective of the individual, but this is both a misleading account of the motivations behind subjectivism, and a vision that dooms subjective theories to failure. (...)
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  18. Well-Being, Autonomy, and the Horizon Problem.Jennifer S. Hawkins - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (2):143-168.
    Desire satisfaction theorists and attitudinal-happiness theorists of well-being are committed to correcting the psychological attitudes upon which their theories are built. However, it is not often recognized that some of the attitudes in need of correction are evaluative attitudes. Moreover, it is hard to know how to correct for poor evaluative attitudes in ways that respect the traditional commitment to the authority of the individual subject's evaluative perspective. L. W. Sumner has proposed an autonomy-as-authenticity requirement to perform this task, but (...)
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  19.  4
    Urgency, Leakage, and the Relative Nature of Information Processing in Decision-Making.Jennifer S. Trueblood, Andrew Heathcote, Nathan J. Evans & William R. Holmes - 2021 - Psychological Review 128 (1):160-186.
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  20.  14
    Clarifying Confusions About Coercion.Jennifer S. Hawkins & Ezekiel J. Emanuel - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (5):16.
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  21.  8
    The Fragile Nature of Contextual Preference Reversals: Reply to Tsetsos, Chater, and Usher.Jennifer S. Trueblood, Scott D. Brown & Andrew Heathcote - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (4):848-853.
  22.  4
    Ways of Knowing Compassion: How Do We Come to Know, Understand, and Measure Compassion When We See It?Jennifer S. Mascaro, Marianne P. Florian, Marcia J. Ash, Patricia K. Palmer, Tyralynn Frazier, Paul Condon & Charles Raison - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  23. What is Unique About Self-Conscious Emotions?Jennifer S. Beer & Dacher Keltner - 2004 - Psychological Inquiry 15 (2):126-128.
  24.  6
    A Quantum Probability Framework for Human Probabilistic Inference.Jennifer S. Trueblood, James M. Yearsley & Emmanuel M. Pothos - 2017 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 146 (9):1307-1341.
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  25.  66
    Justice and Placebo Controls.Jennifer S. Hawkins - 2006 - Social Theory and Practice 32 (3):467-496.
  26.  6
    The Neural Mediators of Kindness-Based Meditation: A Theoretical Model.Jennifer S. Mascaro, Alana Darcher, Lobsang T. Negi & Charles L. Raison - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  27.  23
    Lack of Political Will and Public Trust Dooms Presumed Consent.Jennifer S. Bard - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (2):44-46.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 2, Page 44-46, February 2012.
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  28.  65
    Self and Identity as Memory.John F. Kihlstrom, Jennifer S. Beer & Stanley B. Klein - 2003 - In Mark R. Leary & June Price Tangney (eds.), Handbook of Self and Identity. Guilford Press. pp. 68--90.
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  29.  22
    Two-Hourly Repositioning for Prevention of Pressure Ulcers in the Elderly: Patient Safety or Elder Abuse?Catherine A. Sharp, Jennifer S. Schulz Moore & Mary-Louise McLaws - 2019 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (1):17-34.
    For decades, aged care facility residents at risk of pressure ulcers have been repositioned at two-hour intervals, twenty-four-hours-a-day, seven-days-a-week. Yet, PUs still develop. We used a cross-sectional survey of eighty randomly selected medical records of residents aged ≥ 65 years from eight Australian Residential Aged Care Facilities to determine the number of residents at risk of PUs, the use of two-hourly repositioning, and the presence of PUs in the last week of life. Despite 91 per cent of residents identified as (...)
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  30.  8
    Clinical Ultimatums: Coercion as Subjection.Jennifer S. Blumenthal-Barby, Mollie Gordon, John H. Coverdale & C. Maxwell Shannon - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):54-56.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 54-56.
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  31.  10
    Want to Get Your Paper Published? Please Follow This Virtuous Guidance!Dima Jamali, Jennifer S. A. Leigh, Ralf Barkemeyer & Georges Samara - 2020 - Business Ethics: A European Review 29 (2):245-247.
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  32.  16
    Review of Sonia Shah. The Body Hunters: How the Drug Industry Tests its Products on the World's Poorest Patients. [REVIEW]Jennifer S. Bard - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (2):52 – 53.
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  33.  8
    Selective Processing of Masked and Unmasked Verbal Threat Material in Anxiety: Influence of an Immediate Acute Stressor.Mark S. Edwards, Jennifer S. Burt & Ottmar V. Lipp - 2006 - Cognition and Emotion 20 (6):812-835.
  34.  13
    A Quantum Theoretical Explanation for Probability Judgment Errors.Jerome R. Busemeyer, Emmanuel M. Pothos, Riccardo Franco & Jennifer S. Trueblood - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (2):193-218.
  35. Narratives of Participation in Autism Genetics Research.Jennifer S. Singh - 2015 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 40 (2):227-249.
    This article provides empirical evidence of the social context and moral reasoning embedded within a parents’ decision to participate in autism genetics research. Based on in-depth interviews of parents who donated their family’s blood and medical information to an autism genetic database, three narratives of participation are analyzed, including the altruistic parent, the obligated parent, and the diagnostic parent. Although parents in this study were not generally concerned with bioethical principles such as autonomy and the issues of informed consent and/or (...)
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  36.  27
    Hawkins, Jennifer S., and Emanuel, Ezekiel J., Eds. Exploitation and Developing Countries: The Ethics of Clinical Research. [REVIEW]Jeremy Snyder - 2009 - Ethics 119 (3):567–571.
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  37.  11
    Soldiers and Sailors in Aristophanes' Babylonians.Jennifer S. Starkey - 2013 - Classical Quarterly 63 (2):501-510.
    Only two articles in the past century have attempted reconstructions of this play: Gilbert Norwood in 1930 conjectured a basis in tragic burlesque, specifically a parody of Aeschylus’ Edoni, due largely to the presence of Dionysus and a chorus of Babylonians. An entirely different plot was proposed in 1983 by David Welsh, who took as his starting point Herodotus’ account of the fall of Babylon; he thought that the chorus, envisioned as a group of refugees from the Persian empire, reflected (...)
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  38.  6
    Unruly Voices: Artists’ Books and Humanities Archives in Health Professions Education.Jennifer S. Tuttle & Cathleen Miller - 2020 - Journal of Medical Humanities 41 (1):53-64.
    Martha A. Hall’s artists’ books documenting her experience of living with breast cancer offer future health professionals a unique opportunity to sit in the patient’s position of vulnerability and fear. Hall’s books have become a cornerstone of our medical humanities pedagogy at the Maine Women Writers Collection because of their emotional directness and their impact on readers. This essay examines the ways that Hall’s call for conversation with healthcare providers is enacted at the University of New England and provides a (...)
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  39.  43
    Is Alignment Always the Result of Automatic Priming?Robert M. Krauss & Jennifer S. Pardo - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (2):203-204.
    Pickering & Garrod's (P&G's) mechanistic theory of dialogue attempts to detail the psychological processes involved in communication that are lacking in Clark's theory. By relying on automatic priming and alignment processes, however, the theory falters when it comes to explaining much of dialogic interaction. We argue for the inclusion of less automatic, though not completely conscious and deliberate, processes to explain such phenomena.
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  40.  3
    Disentangling Prevalence Induced Biases in Medical Image Decision-Making.Jennifer S. Trueblood, Quentin Eichbaum, Adam C. Seegmiller, Charles Stratton, Payton O'Daniels & William R. Holmes - 2021 - Cognition 212:104713.
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  41.  18
    Quantum Probability Theory as a Common Framework for Reasoning and Similarity.Jennifer S. Trueblood, Emmanuel M. Pothos & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  42.  16
    The Generalized Quantum Episodic Memory Model.Jennifer S. Trueblood & Pernille Hemmer - 2017 - Cognitive Science:2089-2125.
    Recent evidence suggests that experienced events are often mapped to too many episodic states, including those that are logically or experimentally incompatible with one another. For example, episodic over-distribution patterns show that the probability of accepting an item under different mutually exclusive conditions violates the disjunction rule. A related example, called subadditivity, occurs when the probability of accepting an item under mutually exclusive and exhaustive instruction conditions sums to a number >1. Both the over-distribution effect and subadditivity have been widely (...)
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  43. When a Gain Becomes a Loss: The Effect of Wealth Predictions on Financial Decisions.Jennifer S. Trueblood & Abigail B. Sussman - 2021 - Cognition 215:104822.
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  44. Jennifer S. Hawkins and Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Eds., Exploitation and Developing Countries: He Ethics of Clinical Research. [REVIEW]Vida M. Panitch - 2009 - Philosophy in Review 29 (5):340.
     
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  45.  17
    Teaching Health Law.Jennifer S. Bard - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):841-850.
  46.  8
    Teaching Health Law.Jennifer S. Bard - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):841-850.
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  47.  8
    Teaching Health Law What We in Law Can Learn From Our Colleagues in Medicine About Teaching Students How to Practice Their Chosen Profession.Jennifer S. Bard - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):841-850.
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  48.  9
    Would Research Ethics Survive the Defunding of the Research University?Jennifer S. Bard - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (1):11-12.
  49.  5
    What Do We Know About Positive Appraisals? Low Cognitive Cost, Orbitofrontal-Striatal Connectivity, and Only Short-Term Bolstering of Resilience.Jennifer S. Beer & Taru Flagan - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
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  50.  25
    Recovery Poets, Recovery Workers: Labor and Place in the Dialogical Way‐Finding of Homeless Addicts in Therapy.Jennifer S. Bowles - 2016 - Anthropology of Consciousness 27 (1):51-74.
    In recent years, anthropologists have built a rich body of ethnography on the experience of addiction, including important cultural critiques of treatment systems. Yet little has been written from the perspective of those who work in the everyday to help others recover from substance abuse. In this article, I reflect on my labor as a clinical social worker providing therapy for homeless women and men who struggle with addiction. Building on the eloquence of those who seek to recover, recovery poets, (...)
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