Results for 'Lorna A. Collins'

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  1.  14
    Ethics, Faith, and Profit: Exploring the Motives of the U.S. Fair Trade Social Entrepreneurs.John James Cater, Lorna A. Collins & Brent D. Beal - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 146 (1):185-201.
    Although fair trade has grown exponentially in the U.S. in recent years, we do not have a clear understanding of why small U.S. firms choose to participate in it. To answer this question, we use a qualitative case study approach and grounded theory analysis to explore the motivations of 35 small fair trade businesses. We find that shared values and the desire to help others, often triggered by a critical incident, lead social entrepreneurs to found and sustain fair trade businesses. (...)
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  2.  48
    Sensations Spill a Deluge Over the Figure.Lorna Collins - 2008 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 2 (1):49-73.
    This paper utilises Deleuze's Logic of Sensation to critique the concept ‘Figure’ that he raises to formulate this theory in his monograph of Francis Bacon. Deleuze engages with Bacon's paintings to demonstrate how sensations from Figural artworks rupture through representation and disrupt binary logic. However, in his argument Deleuze seems to use the same kind of thinking that he intends the Figure to disrupt, since he prioritises and secludes art deemed Figural over and above abstraction. Such problematic categorisation is challenged (...)
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  3.  30
    Making Restorative Sense with Deleuzian Morality, Art Brut and the Schizophrenic.Lorna Collins - 2010 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 4 (2):234-255.
    The essay consists of three parts: the first argues that Deleuze's moral philosophy in The Logic of Sense provides an ethical model of counter-actualisation; the second shows how three different practices of art therapy offer a means to effect this counter-actualisation and thereby demonstrate the restorative power of art; the third explores how such a power might form part of what Guattari calls the ‘ethico-aesthetic paradigm’ (Guattari 1995).
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  4.  89
    From Environmental to Ecological Ethics: Toward a Practical Ethics for Ecologists and Conservationists.Ben A. Minteer & James P. Collins - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):483-501.
    Ecological research and conservation practice frequently raise difficult and varied ethical questions for scientific investigators and managers, including duties to public welfare, nonhuman individuals (i.e., animals and plants), populations, and ecosystems. The field of environmental ethics has contributed much to the understanding of general duties and values to nature, but it has not developed the resources to address the diverse and often unique practical concerns of ecological researchers and managers in the field, lab, and conservation facility. The emerging field of (...)
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  5. Neurobiology of the Structure of Personality: Dopamine, Facilitation of Incentive Motivation, and Extraversion.Richard A. Depue & Paul F. Collins - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):491-517.
    Extraversion has two central characteristics: (1) interpersonalengagement, which consists of affiliation (enjoying and valuing close interpersonal bonds, being warm and affectionate) and agency (being socially dominant, enjoying leadership roles, being assertive, being exhibitionistic, and having a sense of potency in accomplishing goals) and (2) impulsivity, which emerges from the interaction of extraversion and a second, independent trait (constraint). Agency is a more general motivational disposition that includes dominance, ambition, mastery, efficacy, and achievement. Positive affect (a combination of positive feelings and (...)
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  6. Supermax as a Technology of Punishment.Lorna A. Rhodes - 2007 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 74 (2):547-566.
    Supermax prisons are often described as "high_tech." Observers seem to mean two things by this. The first is that these "prisons within prisons" are a technology in themselves: hard_edged and brightly lit, the fortress_like supermax clearly signals its specialized purpose of isolation and control. The second is that supermax prisons rely heavily on specialized, relatively new technologies: computerized systems produce new forms of intensive surveillance while special teams armed with electronic shields maintain control over prisoners.But as Leo Marx observed several (...)
     
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  7.  23
    A Neuroscientific Approach to Consciousness.Susan A. Greenfield & T. F. T. Collins - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
  8.  9
    Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control: A Framework for Action.Judith A. Monroe, Janet L. Collins, Pamela S. Maier, Thomas Merrill, Georges C. Benjamin & Anthony D. Moulton - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (s1):15-23.
    The Proceedings of the National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control is based on a two-part conceptual framework composed of public health and legal perspectives. The public health perspective comprises the six target areas and intervention settings that are the focus of the obesity prevention and control efforts of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.This paper presents the legal perspective. Legal preparedness in public health is the underpinning of the framework for the four “assessment” papers and (...)
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  9.  15
    Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control: A Framework for Action.Judith A. Monroe, Janet L. Collins, Pamela S. Maier, Thomas Merrill, Georges C. Benjamin & Anthony D. Moulton - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (s1):15-23.
    The Proceedings of the National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control is based on a two-part conceptual framework composed of public health and legal perspectives. The public health perspective comprises the six target areas and intervention settings that are the focus of the obesity prevention and control efforts of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.This paper presents the legal perspective. Legal preparedness in public health is the underpinning of the framework for the four “assessment” papers and (...)
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  10.  4
    Fungal Sex Genes—Searching for the Ancestors.Lorna A. Casselton - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (8):711-714.
  11.  98
    But Why Does What Works Work? A Response to Fifer, Henschen, Gould, and Ravizza, 2008.A. Martindale & D. Collins - unknown
    The article "What works when working with athletes" by Fifer, Henschen, Gould, and Ravizza offers an interesting array of information and insights used by three highly experienced applied sport psychology consultants. This response article, however, contends that it may be possible to glean a further, and crucial, level of understanding by exploring the metacognition behind the selection of such courses of action. This may be provided through applied cognitive task analysis techniques to access the cognitive mechanisms underpinning professional practice. A (...)
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  12.  17
    On the Psychobiological Complexity and Stability of Traits.Richard A. Depue & Paul F. Collins - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):541-555.
    The commentaries on our target article address three main areas: (1) the relative importance of extraversion and other related traits to DA functioning, (2) how the long-term stability of extraversion can be conceptualized within a highly plastic central nervous system, and (3) the nature of DA functioning in the MOC network and in extraversion. We have organized our Response, therefore, into three major sections.
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  13. Clinical AIDS Research That Evaluates Cost Effectiveness in the Developing World.Nicholas A. Christakis, Lorna A. Lynn & Aduato Castelo - 1991 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 13 (4):6-8.
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  14.  8
    Recollections of True and False Autobiographical Memories.Martin A. Conway, Alan F. Collins, Susan E. Gathercole & Stephen J. Anderson - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 125 (1):69.
  15.  40
    Editors' Overview: The Emergence of Ecological Ethics. [REVIEW]Ben A. Minteer, James P. Collins & Stephanie J. Bird - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):473-481.
  16.  7
    Dickens and Education.B. A. Fletcher & Philip Collins - 1964 - British Journal of Educational Studies 12 (2):215.
  17. Modes of the Fantastic: Selected Essays From the Twelfth International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts.Robert A. Lantham, Robert A. Collins & Joe Sanders - 1997 - Utopian Studies 8 (1):193-195.
  18.  12
    Moving Beyond ERP Components: A Selective Review of Approaches to Integrate EEG and Behavior.David A. Bridwell, James F. Cavanagh, Anne G. E. Collins, Michael D. Nunez, Ramesh Srinivasan, Sebastian Stober & Vince D. Calhoun - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  19.  68
    Optimality Explanations: A Plea for an Alternative Approach.Collin C. Rice - 2012 - Biology and Philosophy 27 (5):685-703.
    Recently philosophers of science have begun to pay more attention to the use of highly idealized mathematical models in scientific theorizing. An important example of this kind of highly idealized modeling is the widespread use of optimality models within evolutionary biology. One way to understand the explanations provided by these models is as a censored causal explanation: an explanation that omits certain causal factors in order to focus on a modular subset of the causal processes that led to the explanandum. (...)
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  20.  4
    A Theory of the Electrical Properties of Liquid Metals Iv. Quantitative Calculations of Resistivity and Thermoelectric Power.Lorna J. Sundström - 1965 - Philosophical Magazine 11 (112):657-665.
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  21. Maternal Thinking: Toward a Politics of Peace.Sara Ruddick & Patricia Hill Collins - 1994 - Hypatia 9 (2):188-198.
    The most popular uniting theme in feminist peace literature grounds women's peace work in mothering. I argue if maternal arguments do not address the variety of relationships different races and classes of mothers have to institutional violence and/or the military, then the resulting peace politics can only draw incomplete conclusions about the relationships between maternal work/thinking and peace. To illustrate this I compare two models of mothering: Sara Ruddick's decription of "maternal practice" and Patricia Hill Collins's account of racial-ethnic (...)
     
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  22.  52
    A Response to Collins' Note on Conventions and Unvoiced Syntax.Michael Devitt - 2008 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):249-255.
    This paper takes up the two main points in John Collins “Note” (2008b), which responds to my paper, “Explanation and Reality in Linguistics” (2008). (1) Appealing to what grammars actually say, the paper argues that they primarily explain the nature of linguistic expressions. (2) The paper responds to Collins’ criticisms of my view that these expressions have many of their properties by convention.
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  23. Collectives’ and Individuals’ Obligations: A Parity Argument.Stephanie Collins & Holly Lawford-Smith - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (1):38-58.
    Individuals have various kinds of obligations: keep promises, don’t cause harm, return benefits received from injustices, be partial to loved ones, help the needy and so on. How does this work for group agents? There are two questions here. The first is whether groups can bear the same kinds of obligations as individuals. The second is whether groups’ pro tanto obligations plug into what they all-things-considered ought to do to the same degree that individuals’ pro tanto obligations plug into what (...)
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  24.  63
    Models Don’T Decompose That Way: A Holistic View of Idealized Models.Collin Rice - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (1):179-208.
    Many accounts of scientific modelling assume that models can be decomposed into the contributions made by their accurate and inaccurate parts. These accounts then argue that the inaccurate parts of the model can be justified by distorting only what is irrelevant. In this paper, I argue that this decompositional strategy requires three assumptions that are not typically met by our best scientific models. In response, I propose an alternative view in which idealized models are characterized as holistically distorted representations that (...)
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  25.  40
    A Biological Theory of Death: Characterization, Justification, and Implications.Michael Nair-Collins - 2018 - Diametros 55:27-43.
    John P. Lizza has long been a major figure in the scholarly literature on criteria for death. His searching and penetrating critiques of the dominant biological paradigm, and his defense of a theory of death of the person as a psychophysical entity, have both significantly advanced the literature. In this special issue, Lizza reinforces his critiques of a strictly biological approach. In my commentary, I take up Lizza’s challenge regarding a biological concept of death. He is certainly right to point (...)
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  26. Lorna Collins. Making Sense: Art Practice and Transformative Therapeutics. [REVIEW]Adam Haaga - 2017 - Derrida Today 10 (1):110-116.
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  27. Death, Brain Death, and the Limits of Science: Why the Whole-Brain Concept of Death Is a Flawed Public Policy.Mike Nair-Collins - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (3):667-683.
    Legally defining “death” in terms of brain death unacceptably obscures a value judgment that not all reasonable people would accept. This is disingenuous, and it results in serious moral flaws in the medical practices surrounding organ donation. Public policy that relies on the whole-brain concept of death is therefore morally flawed and in need of revision.
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  28.  21
    Abandoning the Dead Donor Rule? A National Survey of Public Views on Death and Organ Donation.Michael Nair-Collins, Sydney R. Green & Angelina R. Sutin - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (4):297-302.
  29.  16
    On the Particular Vulnerability of Face Recognition to Aging: A Review of Three Hypotheses. [REVIEW]Isabelle Boutet, Vanessa Taler & Charles A. Collin - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  30.  58
    A Spreading-Activation Theory of Semantic Processing.Allan M. Collins & Elizabeth F. Loftus - 1975 - Psychological Review 82 (6):407-428.
  31.  15
    Violence: A Micro-Sociological Theory.Randall Collins - 2009 - Greenwood Publishing Group.
    In the popular misconception fostered by blockbuster action movies and best-selling thrillers--not to mention conventional explanations by social scientists--violence is easy under certain conditions, like poverty, racial or ideological hatreds, or family pathologies. Randall Collins challenges this view in Violence, arguing that violent confrontation goes against human physiological hardwiring. It is the exception, not the rule--regardless of the underlying conditions or motivations. -/- Collins gives a comprehensive explanation of violence and its dynamics, drawing upon video footage, cutting-edge forensics, (...)
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  32.  54
    Interdisciplinary Modeling: A Case Study of Evolutionary Economics.Collin Rice & Joshua Smart - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (5):655-675.
    Biologists and economists use models to study complex systems. This similarity between these disciplines has led to an interesting development: the borrowing of various components of model-based theorizing between the two domains. A major recent example of this strategy is economists’ utilization of the resources of evolutionary biology in order to construct models of economic systems. This general strategy has come to be called evolutionary economics and has been a source of much debate among economists. Although philosophers have developed literatures (...)
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  33.  27
    Moral Evaluations of Organ Transplantation Influence Judgments of Death and Causation.Michael Nair-Collins & Mary A. Gerend - 2015 - Neuroethics 8 (3):283-297.
    Two experiments investigated whether moral evaluations of organ transplantation influence judgments of death and causation. Participants’ beliefs about whether an unconscious organ donor was dead and whether organ removal caused death in a hypothetical vignette varied depending on the moral valence of the vignette. Those who were randomly assigned to the good condition were more likely to believe that the donor was dead prior to organ removal and that organ removal did not cause death. Furthermore, attitudes toward euthanasia and organ (...)
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  34.  15
    A Response to Robin Collins and Alexander R. Pruss.Timothy McGrew & Lydia McGrew - 2005 - Philosophia Christi 7 (2005):425-443.
  35.  82
    With Radicals Like These, Who Needs Conservatives? Doom, Gloom, and Realism in Political Theory.Lorna Finlayson - 2017 - European Journal of Political Theory 16 (3):1474885114568815.
    This paper attempts to get some critical distance on the increasingly fashionable issue of realism in political theory. Realism has an ambiguous status: it is sometimes presented as a radical challenge to the _status quo_; but it also often appears as a conservative force, aimed at clipping the wings of more ‘idealistic’ political theorists. I suggest that what we might call ‘actually existing realism’ is indeed a conservative presence in political philosophy, and that its ambiguous status plays a part in (...)
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  36. Dystopian Literature: A Theory and Research Guide.M. Keith Booker, Robert A. Collins, Robert Latham, Hal W. Hall, Paul G. Haschak & George Locke - 1995 - Utopian Studies 6 (2):134-139.
  37.  22
    Between a Conditional’s Antecedent and its Consequent: Discourse Coherence Vs. Probabilistic Relevance.Karolina Krzyżanowska, Peter J. Collins & Ulrike Hahn - 2017 - Cognition 164:199-205.
    Reasoning with conditionals is central to everyday life, yet there is long-standing disagreement about the meaning of the conditional. One example is the puzzle of so-called missing-link conditionals such as "if raccoons have no wings, they cannot breathe under water." Their oddity may be taken to show that conditionals require a connection between antecedent ("raccoons have no wings") and consequent ("they cannot breathe under water"), yet most accounts of conditionals attribute the oddity to natural language pragmatics. We present an experimental (...)
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  38.  18
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Lynn Ilon, Alan J. Deyoung, Thomas R. Bidell, Sally Lubeck, Jean I. Erdman, Christine M. Shea, Anne E. Campbell, Kathryn A. Woolard, Bruce Beezer, Mario D. Fantini, Robert M. Ryan, D. D. Darland, Tesconi Jr, Louis A. Petrone, Georgia C. Collins & Pattillo Jr - 1987 - Educational Studies 18 (2):279-356.
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  39.  36
    A Utilitarian Account of Political Obligation.Brian Collins - 2014 - Dissertation, The University of Iowa
    One of the core issues in contemporary political philosophy is concerned with `political obligation.' Stated in an overly simplified way, the question being asked when one investigates political obligation is, "What, if anything, do citizens owe to their government and how are these obligations generated if they do exist?" The majority of political philosophers investigating this issue agree that a political obligation is a moral requirement to act in certain ways concerning political matters. Despite this agreement about the general nature (...)
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  40.  7
    Abundance and Distribution of Waterbirds on the Knysna Estuary.A. Paul Martin, Joy von Korff & Lorna Watt - 2000 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 55 (2):215-222.
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  41. Determinism and Freewill: Anthony Collins' a Philosophical Inquiry Concerning Human Liberty: With a Discussion of the Opinions of Hobbes, Locke, Pierre Bayle, William King and Leibniz.Anthony Collins - 1976 - M. Nijhoff.
  42.  9
    Language: A Biological Model.John Collins - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (226):142-145.
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  43.  40
    The Sociology of Philosophies: A Global Theory of Intellectual Change.Randall Collins - 1998 - Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    Through network diagrams and sustained narrative, sociologist Randall Collins traces the development of philosophical thought from ancient Greece to modern ...
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  44. Moving Beyond Causes: Optimality Models and Scientific Explanation.Collin Rice - 2015 - Noûs 49 (3):589-615.
    A prominent approach to scientific explanation and modeling claims that for a model to provide an explanation it must accurately represent at least some of the actual causes in the event's causal history. In this paper, I argue that many optimality explanations present a serious challenge to this causal approach. I contend that many optimality models provide highly idealized equilibrium explanations that do not accurately represent the causes of their target system. Furthermore, in many contexts, it is in virtue of (...)
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  45. Counterfactuals and Causation: History, Problems, and Prospects.John Collins, Ned Hall & L. A. Paul - 2004 - In John Collins, Ned Hall & Laurie Paul (eds.), Causation and Counterfactuals. MIT Press. pp. 1--57.
    Among the many philosophers who hold that causal facts1 are to be explained in terms of—or more ambitiously, shown to reduce to—facts about what happens, together with facts about the fundamental laws that govern what happens, the clear favorite is an approach that sees counterfactual dependence as the key to such explanation or reduction. The paradigm examples of causation, so advocates of this approach tell us, are examples in which events c and e— the cause and its effect— both occur, (...)
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  46. Changes in Memory Awareness During Learning: The Acquisition of Knowledge by Psychology Undergraduates.Martin A. Conway, A. F. Collins, Stephen J. Anderson & G. Cohen - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology.
  47.  74
    A Buddhist Debate About the Self; and Remarks on Buddhism in the Work of Derek Parfit and Galen Strawson.Collins Steven - 1997 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 25 (5):467-493.
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  48.  34
    A Theory of Humor Elicitation.Robert S. Wyer & James E. Collins - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (4):663-688.
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  49.  17
    C. A. Campbell and the Problem of Suffering: John Collins.John Collins - 1980 - Religious Studies 16 (3):307-316.
    Although C. A. Campbell's account of the problem of suffering is articulated in the context of making out a case for rational Theism, it does not stand or fall with the case for rational Theism. It has independent merit as a sustained effort of reason to grapple with the problem of whether the goodness and omnipotence of God are consistent with the prima facie badness of so much of the suffering that exists in God's world. Campbell's views on suffering are (...)
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  50.  34
    Theories of Memory.A. Collins, Martin A. Conway & P. E. Morris (eds.) - 1993 - Lawrence Erlbaum.
    This is a collection of chapters by some of the most influential memory researchers.
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