Results for 'Mark B. Ginsburg'

995 found
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  1.  40
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Louise M. Berman, Michael Jb Jackson, Scott Walter, Lois Weiner, Edward L. Edmonds, Mark B. Ginsburg, Benjamin Hill, Donald Vandenberg & Karen L. Biraimah - 1994 - Educational Studies 25 (2):163-189.
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  2.  53
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]J. Stanley Ahmann, Victor Nubou Kobayashi, Mark B. Ginsburg, Arden W. Holland, Fred Drewe, Josphat KipKoech Yego, David B. Baral, Robert Primrack, Creta D. Sabine, Alan J. De Young, David N. Campbell, Richard A. Brosio, Frederick D. Harper & Roy L. Cox - 1980 - Educational Studies 11 (3):259-276.
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  3.  84
    Moral Luck as Moral Lack of Control.Mark B. Anderson - 2019 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 57 (1):5-29.
    When Thomas Nagel originally coined the expression “moral luck,” he used the term “luck” to mean lack of control. This use was a matter of stipulation, as Nagel’s target had little to do with luck itself, but the question of how control is related to moral responsibility. Since then, we have seen several analyses of the concept of luck itself, and recent contributors to the moral luck literature have often assumed that any serious contribution to the moral luck debate must (...)
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  4.  52
    Science in Democracy: Expertise, Institutions, and Representation.Mark B. Brown - 2009 - MIT Press.
    2009 Massachusetts Institute of Technology All rights reserved. No part of this book may ... ISBN 978-0-262-01324-6 (hardcover : alk. paper)— ISBN 978-0-262 -51304-3 (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Science— Political aspects. 2. Science and state. 3 .
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  5. Mechanisms and Constitutive Relevance.Mark B. Couch - 2011 - Synthese 183 (3):375-388.
    This paper will examine the nature of mechanisms and the distinction between the relevant and irrelevant parts involved in a mechanism’s operation. I first consider Craver’s account of this distinction in his book on the nature of mechanisms, and explain some problems. I then offer a novel account of the distinction that appeals to some resources from Mackie’s theory of causation. I end by explaining how this account enables us to better understand what mechanisms are and their various features.
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  6.  79
    Molinism, Open Theism, and Soteriological Luck.Mark B. Anderson - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (3):371-381.
    It is sometimes claimed by open theists that, on Molinism, God controls who is saved and who is damned and that, as a consequence, God's judgement of us is unjust. While this charge is usually lumped under the problem of evil, it could easily be classified under the problem of soteriological luck. I argue that the open theist is impugned by this latter problem. I then show that the Molinist has a solution to both problems and consider objections to that (...)
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  7.  38
    The founding of population genetics: Contributions of the Chetverikov school 1924-1934.Mark B. Adams - 1968 - Journal of the History of Biology 1 (1):23-39.
  8. The Wellborn Science: Eugenics in Germany, France, Brazil, and Russia.Mark B. Adams, William H. Schneider, Paul Weindling, Philip R. Reilly & Nicole Hahn Rafter - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (1):131-145.
     
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  9.  90
    Philip Kitcher, Science in a Democratic Society.Mark B. Brown - 2013 - Minerva 51 (3):389-397.
    Philip Kitcher is a leading figure in the philosophy of science, and he is part of a growing community of scholars who have turned their attention from the field’s long-time focus on questions of logic and epistemology to the relation between science and society. Kitcher’s book Science, Truth, and Democracy (2001) charted a course between relativism and realism, arguing that the aims of science emerge from not only scientific curiosity but also practical and public concerns. The book also drew on (...)
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  10. Multiple realization in comparative perspective.Mark B. Couch - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (4):505-519.
    Arguments for multiple realization depend on the idea that the same kind of function is realized by different kinds of structures. It is important to such arguments that we know the kinds used in the arguments have been individuated properly. In the philosophical literature, though, claims about how to individuate kinds are frequently decided on intuitive grounds. This paper criticizes this way of approaching kinds by considering how practicing researchers think about the matter. I will consider several examples in which (...)
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  11.  77
    James Baldwin and the politics of white identity.Mark B. Brown - 2021 - Contemporary Political Theory 20 (1):1-22.
    Efforts to develop a coherent role for white people in racial justice initiatives in the USA are often stymied by the defensiveness, paternalism, and guilt of many white liberals. Such efforts are also undermined by critiques of whiteness that conflate white identity and white supremacy. I address this dilemma by developing an account of antiracist white identity politics, conceived of here as taking responsibility for the effects of being socially defined as white. I locate conceptual resources for this project in (...)
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  12. Functional properties and convergence in biology.Mark B. Couch - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1041-1051.
    Evolutionary convergence is often appealed to in support of claims about multiple realization. The idea is that convergence shows that the same function can be realized by different kinds of structures. I argue here that the nature of convergence is more complicated than it might appear at first look. Broad claims about convergence are made by biologists during general discussions of the mechanisms of evolution. In their specialized work, though, biologists are often more limited in the claims they make. I (...)
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  13.  32
    Towards a Synthesis: Population concepts in Russian evolutionary thought, 1925?1935.Mark B. Adams - 1970 - Journal of the History of Biology 3 (1):107-129.
  14.  12
    Beginnings: Everett Mendelsohn, 1963–1973.Mark B. Adams - 2023 - Journal of the History of Biology 56 (4):583-590.
  15.  74
    Survey Article: Citizen Panels and the Concept of Representation.Mark B. Brown - 2006 - Journal of Political Philosophy 14 (2):203-225.
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  16.  61
    New Philosophy for New Media.Mark B. N. Hansen - 2004 - MIT Press.
    In New Philosophy for New Media, Mark Hansen defines the image in digital art in terms that go beyond the merely visual. Arguing that the "digital image" encompasses the entire process by which information is made perceivable, he places the body in a privileged position -- as the agent that filters information in order to create images. By doing so, he counters prevailing notions of technological transcendence and argues for the indispensability of the human in the digital era.Hansen examines (...)
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  17.  37
    Feed-Forward: On the Future of Twenty-First-Century Media.Mark B. N. Hansen - 2014 - London: University of Chicago Press.
    Prehensity -- Intensity -- Potentiality -- Sensibility.
  18.  11
    Pis'ma [Letters ]. I. I. Mechnikov, A. E. Gaisinovich, B. V. Lëvshin.Mark B. Adams - 1979 - Isis 70 (1):184-185.
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  19.  45
    Anti‐theism, the Underground Man, and Escaping Absurdity.Mark B. Anderson - 2022 - Philosophical Forum 53 (2):115-131.
    Guy Kahane holds that theism has unattractive consequences, since it threatens both privacy and autonomy. Here, I suggest that Kahane’s position echoes that of Dostoevsky’s famous Underground Man. But the Underground Man is ensnared in difficulties that resemble the problem of absurdity as developed by Thomas Nagel. Dostoevsky’s own solution to that problem involves love—but love naturally invites compromises with respect to privacy and autonomy. Perhaps the best way to solve the problem of absurdity is to make precisely the opposite (...)
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  20. Discussion: A defense of Bechtel and Mundale.Mark B. Couch - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (2):198-204.
    Kim claims that Bechtel and Mundale's case against multiple realization depends on the wrong kind of evidence. The latter argue that neuroscientific practice shows neural states across individuals and species are type identical. Kim replies that the evidence they cite to support this is irrelevant. I defend Bechtel and Mundale by showing why the evidence they cite is relevant and shows multiple realization does not occur.
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  21. On Responsibility and Original Sin: A Molinist Suggestion.Mark B. Anderson - 2021 - Faith and Philosophy 38 (1):5-25.
    A crucial objection to the doctrine of original sin is that it conflicts with a common intuition that agents are morally responsible only for factors under their control. Here, I present an account of moral responsibility by Michael Zimmerman that accommodates that intuition, and I consider it as a model of original sin, noting both attractions and difficulties with the view.
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  22.  20
    Lysenkoism in China: Proceedings of the 1956 Qingdao Genetics Symposium. Laurence Schneider, Qin Shizhen.Mark B. Adams - 1988 - Isis 79 (1):157-158.
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  23.  11
    The Lysenko Affair. David Joravsky.Mark B. Adams - 1971 - Isis 62 (4):560-561.
  24.  18
    Totalitarian Science and Technology. Paul R. Josephson.Mark B. Adams - 1998 - Isis 89 (3):570-571.
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  25. Science, democracy, and the right to research.Mark B. Brown & David H. Guston - 2009 - Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):351-366.
    Debates over the politicization of science have led some to claim that scientists have or should have a “right to research.” This article examines the political meaning and implications of the right to research with respect to different historical conceptions of rights. The more common “liberal” view sees rights as protections against social and political interference. The “republican” view, in contrast, conceives rights as claims to civic membership. Building on the republican view of rights, this article conceives the right to (...)
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  26.  24
    Causal Role Theories of Functional Explanation.Mark B. Couch - 2011 - In James Fieser & Bradley Dowden (eds.), Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  27.  16
    Gil Eyal, The Crisis of Expertise.Mark B. Brown - 2020 - Minerva 58 (4):657-660.
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  28.  38
    Public University Funding and the Privatization of Politics.Mark B. Brown - 2013 - Spontaneous Generations 7 (1):21-28.
    This essay first examines a few key aspects of the erosion of public university funding in the United States, showing how the ideal of value-free science has undermined efforts to defend a conception of universities as public goods. Then it considers how advocates of California's Proposition 30, a ballot initiative that restored some public university funding, frequently adopted the same logic of privatization they sought to counteract.
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  29.  10
    The Civic Shaping of Technology: California’s Electric Vehicle Program.Mark B. Brown - 2001 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 26 (1):56-81.
    Constructivist technology studies have often cast government as one “social group” among many, reflecting a liberal pluralist view of politics. This article argues, in contrast, that due to the conceptions of citizenship conveyed by policy designs, governments have a special role to play in the shaping of new technologies. This argument is illustrated in the case of the controversial 1996 decision by the California Air Resources Board to significantly revise its electric vehicle program. The article shows that the board’s decision (...)
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  30.  32
    Philosophy Mark B. Okrent.Mark B. Okrent - 2002 - In Hubert L. Dreyfus & Mark A. Wrathall (eds.), Heidegger Reexamined. Routledge. pp. 4--161.
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  31.  32
    The Political Philosophy of Science Policy.Mark B. Brown - 2004 - Minerva 42 (1):77-95.
    Reviews the book "Science, Truth, and Democracy," by Philip Kitcher.
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  32.  15
    Eugenics.Mark B. Adams - 2009 - In Vardit Ravitsky, Autumn Fiester & Arthur L. Caplan (eds.), The Penn Center Guide to Bioethics. Springer Publishing Company. pp. 371.
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  33. .Taylor Carman & Mark B. N. Hansen - 2005 - Cambridge University Presscarman, Taylor.
     
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  34.  53
    Three ways to politicize bioethics.Mark B. Brown - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (2):43 – 54.
    Many commentators today lament the politicization of bioethics, but some suggest distinguishing among different kinds of politicization. This essay pursues that idea with reference to three traditions of political thought: liberalism, communitarianism, and republicanism. After briefly discussing the concept of politicization itself, the essay examines how each of these political traditions manifests itself in recent bioethics scholarship, focusing on the implications of each tradition for the design of government bioethics councils. The liberal emphasis on the irreducible plurality of values and (...)
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  35. Last Judgment: The Visionary Biology of J. B. S. Haldane. [REVIEW]Mark B. Adams - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):457 - 491.
    This paper seeks to reinterpret the life and work of J. B. S. Haldane by focusing on an illuminating but largely ignored essay he published in 1927, "The Last Judgment" -- the sequel to his better known work, "Daedalus" (1924). This astonishing essay expresses a vision of the human future over the next 40,000,000 years, one that revises and updates Wellsian futurism with the long range implications of the "new biology" for human destiny. That vision served as a kind of (...)
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  36. The Role of PTSD in Adjudicating Violent Crimes.Mark B. Hamner - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):155-160.
    PTSD was formalized as a diagnosis by the American Psychiatric Association in 1980 with the publication of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), 3rd edition. Since that time, the diagnosis has been widely utilized in the courts including the use in criminal proceedings. PTSD may play a role in the assessment of violent crimes both as a possible contributing factor in the perpetrators as well as a consequence in the victims. There are a number of ethical and (...)
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  37.  20
    The Role of PTSD in Adjudicating Violent Crimes.Mark B. Hamner - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (2):155-160.
    There are a number of considerations, including ethical and clinical or diagnostic factors, in utilizing the diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder in criminal proceedings. The reliability and validity of the diagnosis may be questioned. Legal precedent may consider extant diagnostic criteria for PTSD and comorbid diagnoses. However, these diagnostic criteria are often in flux considering new research findings. For example, the introduction of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association, (...)
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  38. The Cambridge Companion to Merleau-Ponty.Taylor Carman & Mark B. N. Hansen (eds.) - 2004 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Maurice Merleau-Ponty was described by Paul Ricoeur as 'the greatest of the French phenomenologists'. The essays in this volume examine the full scope of Merleau-Ponty's philosophy, from his central and abiding concern with the nature of perception and the bodily constitution of intentionality to his reflections on science, nature, art, history, and politics. The authors explore the historical origins and context of his thought as well as its continuing relevance to contemporary work in phenomenology, philosophy of mind, cognitive science, biology, (...)
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  39.  54
    Hermeneutics, transcendental philosophy and social science.Mark B. Okrent - 1984 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 27 (1-4):23 – 49.
    It has frequently been argued that there must be a necessary and important difference between the methods of the natural and social sciences, or that an empirical method in social science must be supplemented by or is inferior to an interpretative method. Often these claims have been supported by arguments using premises derived from the early Heidegger or the late Wittgenstein. These arguments, in turn, tend either to be transcendental in form or to follow a hermeneutic argument strategy. This paper (...)
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  40.  61
    The Truth of Being and the History of Philosophy.Mark B. Okrent - 1981 - The Monist 64 (4):500-517.
    In a recent article Richard Rorty has attempted to juxtapose Heidegger and Dewey. While finding significant points of agreement between the two, and by implication praising much of Heidegger’s work, Rorty also suggests a series of criticisms of Heidegger. The problems which Rorty finds with Heidegger can, I think, all be reduced to one basic criticism, which has two main sides. In Rorty’s view Heidegger can not really differentiate between Being and beings in the way that he wants, and thus (...)
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  41.  58
    Media Theory.Mark B. N. Hansen - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):297-306.
    Poised on the cusp between phenomenology and materiality, media institute a theoretical oscillation that promises to displace the empirical-transcendental divide that has structured western meditation on thinking, including the thinking of technics. Because media give the infrastructure conditioning thought without ceasing to be empirical, they form the basis for a complex hermeneutics that cannot avoid the task of accounting for its unthematizable infrastructural condition. Tracing the oscillation constitutive of such a hermeneutics as it serves variously to constitute media theory in (...)
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  42.  34
    Selves and Minds: A Reply to Professor Knox: MARK B. WOODHOUSE.Mark B. Woodhouse - 1970 - Religious Studies 6 (3):263-272.
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  43.  9
    Edith Porada zum 100. Geburtstag: A Centenary Volume. Edited by Erika Bleibtreu and Hans Ulrich Steymans.Mark B. Garrision - 2021 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 139 (1).
    Edith Porada zum 100. Geburtstag: A Centenary Volume. Edited by Erika Bleibtreu and Hans Ulrich Steymans. Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis, vol. 268. Fribourg: Academic Press, 2014. Pp. xv + 642, illus. FS 184.
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  44.  6
    Zwischen Persepolis und Firuzabad: Gräber, Paläste, und Felsreliefs im alten PersienZwischen Persepolis und Firuzabad: Graber, Palaste, und Felsreliefs im alten Persien.Mark B. Garrison, Leo Trümpelmann & Leo Trumpelmann - 1996 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 116 (2):275.
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  45.  42
    The Ontology of Media Operations, or, Where is the Technics in Cultural Techniques?Mark B. N. Hansen - 2017 - Zeitschrift für Medien- Und Kulturforschung 8 (2):169-186.
    "My aim in this paper is to develop an ontology of media operations that is rooted in Gilbert Simondon’s theory of individuation. I position this media operative ontology in contrast to Bernhard Siegert’s understanding of operative ontology as a cultural technique. Drawing on Wolfgang Ernst, Henri Atlan, and Michel Serres, I argue that Siegert’s position compromises the extra-cultural operationality of technical media, and of techniques more generally, in its bid to redirect media theory from its Kittlerian trajectory. With his theory (...)
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  46.  6
    The Truth of Being and the History of Philosophy.Mark B. Okrent - 2005 - In Hubert L. Dreyfus & Mark A. Wrathall (eds.), A Companion to Heidegger. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 468–483.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Introduction Varieties of Difference The Truth of Being and the History of Philosophy The Truth of Being and Epochs of Being Conclusion: Heidegger, Rorty, and Appropriation.
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  47.  20
    Response to open Peer commentaries on “three ways to politicize bioethics”.Mark B. Brown - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (2):W6 – W7.
    Many commentators today lament the politicization of bioethics, but some suggest distinguishing among different kinds of politicization. This essay pursues that idea with reference to three traditions of political thought: liberalism, communitarianism, and republicanism. After briefly discussing the concept of politicization itself, the essay examines how each of these political traditions manifests itself in recent bioethics scholarship, focusing on the implications of each tradition for the design of government bioethics councils. The liberal emphasis on the irreducible plurality of values and (...)
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  48.  23
    Three approaches to environmental political theory.Mark B. Brown - 2016 - Contemporary Political Theory 15 (3):e21-e28.
  49.  36
    Living (with) Technical Time.Mark B. N. Hansen - 2009 - Theory, Culture and Society 26 (2-3):294-315.
    This article proposes that time is not so much constituted by time-consciousness as given by technical inscriptions of time. The `digital gift' of time that comprises one fundamental mode of this giving of time correlates with Aristotle's conception of time as `the number of movement according to the before and after'; more specifically, it furnishes a minimal form of temporal difference — a minimal before-after structure — that proves useful for exploring how the experience of time has changed today. The (...)
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  50. Digitizing the Racialized Body or The Politics of Universal Address.Mark B. N. Hansen - 2004 - Substance 33 (2):107-133.
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