Results for 'Philip M. Scherer'

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  1.  62
    Layoffs and Their Ethical Implications Under Scientific Management, Quality Management and Open-Book Management.Roland E. Kidwell & Philip M. Scherer - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (1-2):113-124.
    Two major management philosophies of the 20th Century, scientific management and quality management, are often contrasted. Scientific management is seen as a system that focuses on task efficiencies whereas quality management is described as a collaborative, people-centered process approach to continuous improvement. This paper examines the ethical implications of these diverse approaches, particularly in the way information is used to decide which employees to lay off in times of economic difficulty. The paper uses case examples of quality management as teaching (...)
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  2. Perception Without Awareness: Perspectives From Cognitive Psychology.Philip M. Merikle & Daniel Smilek - 2001 - Cognition 79 (1):115-34.
  3.  57
    Habituation: A Dual-Process Theory.Philip M. Groves & Richard F. Thompson - 1970 - Psychological Review 77 (5):419-450.
  4. Comparing Direct (Explicit) to Indirect (Implicit) Measures to Study Unconscious Memory.Philip M. Merikle & Eyal M. Reingold - 1991 - Journal Of Experimental Psychology-Learning Memory And Cognition 17 (2):224-233.
  5.  51
    Consciousness is a “Subjective” State.Philip M. Merikle & Jim Cheesman - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):42-42.
  6. Parallels Between Perception Without Attention and Perception Without Awareness.Philip M. Merikle & Steve Joordens - 1997 - Consciousness and Cognition 6 (2-3):219-36.
    Do studies of perception without awareness and studies of perception without attention address a similar underlying concept of awareness? To answer this question, we compared qualitative differences in performance across variations in stimulus quality with qualitative differences in performance across variations in the direction of attention . The qualitative differences were based on three different phenomena: Stroop priming, false recognition, and exclusion failure. In all cases, variations in stimulus quality and variations in the direction of attention led to parallel findings. (...)
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  7.  8
    Asymmetries in Predictive and Diagnostic Reasoning.Philip M. Fernbach, Adam Darlow & Steven A. Sloman - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 140 (2):168-185.
  8.  16
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Resolving Ethical Dilemmas in a Tertiary Care Veterinary Specialty Hospital: Adaptation of the Human Clinical Consultation Committee Model”.Philip M. Rosoff, Rachel Ruderman, Jeannine Moga, Bruce Keene, Christopher Adin, Callie Fogle, Heather Hopkinson & Charity Weyhrauch - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (2):7-10.
    Technological advances in veterinary medicine have produced considerable progress in the diagnosis and treatment of numerous diseases in animals. At the same time, veterinarians, veterinary technicians, and owners of animals face increasingly complex situations that raise questions about goals of care and correct or reasonable courses of action. These dilemmas are frequently controversial and can generate conflicts between clients and health care providers. In many ways they resemble the ethical challenges confronted by human medicine and that spawned the creation of (...)
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  9.  13
    Selection From Visual Persistence by Perceptual Groups and Category Membership.Philip M. Merikle - 1980 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 109 (3):279-295.
  10.  91
    Institutional Futility Policies Are Inherently Unfair.Philip M. Rosoff - 2013 - HEC Forum 25 (3):191-209.
    For many years a debate has raged over what constitutes futile medical care, if patients have a right to demand what doctors label as futile, and whether physicians should be obliged to provide treatments that they think are inappropriate. More recently, the argument has shifted away from the difficult project of definitions, to outlining institutional policies and procedures that take a measured and patient-by-patient approach to deciding if an existing or desired intervention is futile. The prototype is the Texas Advance (...)
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  11.  23
    Unconscious Perception Revisited.Philip M. Merikle - 1982 - Perception and Psychophysics 31:298-301.
  12.  72
    Unpredictable Drug Shortages: An Ethical Framework for Short-Term Rationing in Hospitals.Philip M. Rosoff - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (1):1 - 9.
    Periodic and unexpected shortages of drugs, biologics, and even medical devices have become commonplace in the United States. When shortages occur, hospitals and clinics need to decide how to ration their available stock. When such situations arise, institutions can choose from several different allocation schemes, such as first-come, first-served, a lottery, or a more rational and calculated approach. While the first two approaches sound reasonable at first glance, there are a number of problems associated with them, including the inability to (...)
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  13.  49
    Measuring the Relative Magnitude of Unconscious Influences.Philip M. Merikle, Steve Joordens & Jennifer A. Stolz - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 4 (4):422-39.
    As an alternative to establishing awareness thresholds, stimulus contexts in which there were either greater conscious or greater unconscious influences were defined on the basis of performance on an exclusion task. Target words were presented for brief durations and each target word was followed immediately by its three-letter stem. Subjects were instructed to complete each stem with any word other than the target word. With this task, failures to exclude target words indicate greater unconscious influences, whereas successful exclusion indicates greater (...)
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  14.  30
    Toward a Definition of Awareness.Philip M. Merikle - 1984 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 22 (5):449-50.
  15.  31
    Perception Without Awareness: Critical Issues.Philip M. Merikle - 1992 - American Psychologist 47:792-5.
  16.  70
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Irrational Exuberance: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation as Fetish”.Philip M. Rosoff & Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (2):W1 - W3.
    The Institute of Medicine and the American Heart Association have issued a “call to action” to expand the performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in response to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Widespread advertising campaigns have been created to encourage more members of the lay public to undergo training in the technique of closed-chest compression-only CPR, based upon extolling the virtues of rapid initiation of resuscitation, untempered by information about the often distressing outcomes, and hailing the “improved” results when nonprofessional bystanders are involved. We (...)
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  17.  59
    Crisis Management and an Ethic of Care: The Case of Northern Rock Bank. [REVIEW]Philip M. Linsley & Richard E. Slack - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 113 (2):285-295.
    Different ethical frameworks have been proposed as appropriate for integrating into crisis management strategies. This study examines an ethic of care approach to crisis management analysing the case of Northern Rock bank which was at the centre of the recent financial crisis in the UK. The development and maintenance of relationships is fundamental to an ethic of care approach and the research recognises this by examining the bank–stakeholder relationship both before and after the crisis. Considerable anger was directed at the (...)
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  18.  14
    The Learning Styles Myth is Thriving in Higher Education.Philip M. Newton - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  19.  90
    Psychological Investigations of Unconscious Perception.Philip M. Merikle & M. Daneman - 1998 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (1):5-18.
    This paper reviews the history of psychological investigations of unconscious perception and summarizes the current status of experimental research in this area of investigation. The research findings described in the paper illustrate how it is possible to distinguish experimentally between conscious and unconscious perception. The most successful experimental strategy has been to show that a stimulus can have qualitatively different consequences on cognitive and affective reactions depending on whether it was consciously or unconsciously perceived. In addition, recent studies of patients (...)
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  20.  5
    A Legal Approach to Tackling Contract Cheating?Philip M. Newton & Michael J. Draper - 2017 - International Journal for Educational Integrity 13 (1).
    The phenomenon of contract cheating presents, potentially, a serious threat to the quality and standards of Higher Education around the world. There have been suggestions, cited below, to tackle the problem using legal means, but we find that current laws are not fit for this purpose. In this article we present a proposal for a specific new law to target contract cheating, which could be enacted in most jurisdictions.We test our proposed new law against a number of issues that would (...)
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  21.  16
    Spatial Selectivity in Vision: Field Size Depends Upon Noise Size.Philip M. Merikle & Nancy J. Gorewich - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (5):343-346.
  22.  34
    Review of “Heidegger and Derrida on Philosophy and Metaphor: Imperfect Thought”. [REVIEW]Philip M. Adamek - 2004 - Essays in Philosophy 5 (1):2.
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  23.  16
    When Good Evidence Goes Bad: The Weak Evidence Effect in Judgment and Decision-Making.Philip M. Fernbach, Adam Darlow & Steven A. Sloman - 2011 - Cognition 119 (3):459-467.
  24.  4
    On Demonstrating Unconscious Perception: Comment on Draine and Greenwald.Philip M. Merikle & Eyal M. Reingold - 1998 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 127 (3):304-310.
  25. Priming with and Without Awareness.J. Cheesman & Philip M. Merikle - 1984 - Perception and Psychophysics 36:387-95.
  26. Distinguishing Conscious From Unconscious Perceptual Processes.J. Cheesman & Philip M. Merikle - 1986 - Canadian Journal of Psychology 40:343-67.
  27.  29
    Caring for the Suffering: Meeting the Ebola Crisis Responsibly.Philip M. Rosoff - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (4):26-32.
    The current Ebola virus epidemic in Western Africa appears to be spiraling out of control. The worst-case projections suggested that the unchecked spread could result in almost 1.4 million cases by the end of January 2015 with a case fatality rate of at least 50%. The United States and European nations have begun to respond in earnest with promises of supplies, isolation beds, and trained health care personnel in an effort to contain the epidemic and care for the sick. However, (...)
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  28.  54
    The Myth of Genetic Enhancement.Philip M. Rosoff - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (3):163-178.
    The ongoing revolution in molecular genetics has led many to speculate that one day we will be able to change the expression or phenotype of numerous complex traits to improve ourselves in many different ways. The prospect of genetic enhancements has generated heated controversy, with proponents advocating research and implementation, with caution advised for concerns about justice, and critics tending to see the prospect of genetic enhancements as an assault on human freedom and human nature. Both camps base their arguments (...)
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  29.  51
    John Dewey's Aesthetic Philosophy.Philip M. Zeltner - 1975 - Grüner.
    CHAPTER I DEWEY'S CONCEPT OF EXPERIENCE AND NATURE John Dewey, ever the celebrant of experience, did not attempt to write a formal work in aesthetics until ...
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  30.  21
    Cognitive Shortcuts in Causal Inference.Philip M. Fernbach & Bob Rehder - 2013 - Argument and Computation 4 (1):64 - 88.
    (2013). Cognitive shortcuts in causal inference. Argument & Computation: Vol. 4, Formal Models of Reasoning in Cognitive Psychology, pp. 64-88. doi: 10.1080/19462166.2012.682655.
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  31.  25
    Should Palliative Care Be a Necessity or a Luxury During an Overwhelming Health Catastrophe?Philip M. Rosoff - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (4):312.
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  32.  42
    In Defense of (Some) Altered Standards of Care for Ebola Infections in Developed Countries.Philip M. Rosoff - 2015 - HEC Forum 27 (1):1-9.
    The current outbreak of Ebola virus infection in West Africa continues to spread. Several patients have now been treated in the United States and preparations are being made for more. Because of the strict isolation required for their care, questions have been raised about what diagnostic and therapeutic interventions should be available. I discuss the ethical challenges associated with caring for patients in strict isolation and personnel wearing bulky protective gear with reduced dexterity and flexibility, the limitations this may place (...)
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  33.  29
    Using Direct and Indirect Measures to Study Perception Without Awareness.Eyal M. Reingold & Philip M. Merikle - 1988 - Perception and Psychophysics 44:563-575.
  34. Conscious Vs. Unconscious Perception.Philip M. Merikle & M. Daneman - 2000 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The New Cognitive Neurosciences: 2nd Edition. MIT Press.
     
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  35.  1
    Review of Heidegger and Derrida on Philosophy and Metaphor: Imperfect Thought, by Giuseppe Stellardi. [REVIEW]Philip M. Adamek - 2004 - Essays in Philosophy 5 (1):114-119.
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  36.  32
    Multiple Communities and Controlling Corruption.Philip M. Nichols - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (4):805 - 813.
    Corruption presents an assurance problem to businesses: all businesses are best off if none act corruptly but in the event that corruption occurs are better off if they act corruptly than if they do not, and because there is no assurance that other actors are not cheating a business does not know how to act. The usual solution to an assurance problem – criminal sanctions imposed on cheaters – does not work in a corrupt system. Integrative Social Contract Theory suggests (...)
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  37.  67
    A Causal Model of Intentionality Judgment.Steven A. Sloman, Philip M. Fernbach & Scott Ewing - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (2):154-180.
    We propose a causal model theory to explain asymmetries in judgments of the intentionality of a foreseen side-effect that is either negative or positive (Knobe, 2003). The theory is implemented as a Bayesian network relating types of mental states, actions, and consequences that integrates previous hypotheses. It appeals to two inferential routes to judgment about the intentionality of someone else's action: bottom-up from action to desire and top-down from character and disposition. Support for the theory comes from three experiments that (...)
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  38. Creating a Broader Political Center for Science and Policy.Philip M. Smith - 2006 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 73 (3):1049-1056.
  39. Measuring Unconscious Perceptual Processes.Philip M. Merikle & Eyal M. Reingold - 1992 - In R.F. Bornstein & T.S. Pittman (eds.), Perception Without Awareness. New York: Guilford Press. pp. 55-80.
     
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  40. Awakening the Dreamer: Clinical Journeys.Philip M. Bromberg - 2006 - Routledge.
    In _Awakening the Dreamer: Clinical Journeys_, Philip Bromberg continues the illuminating explorations into dissociation and clinical process begun in _Standing in the Spaces_. Bromberg is among our most gifted clinical writers, especially in his unique ability to record peripheral variations in relatedness - those subtle, split-second changes that capture the powerful workings of dissociation and chart the changing self-states that analyst and patient bring to the moment. For Bromberg, a model of mind premised on the centrality of self-states and (...)
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  41.  54
    Memory for Unconsciously Perceived Events: Evidence From Anesthetized Patients.Philip M. Merikle & Meredyth Daneman - 1995 - Consciousness and Cognition 5 (4):525-541.
    Studies investigating memory for events during anesthesia show a confusing pattern of positive and negative results. To establish whether there are any consistent patterns of findings across studies, we conducted a meta-analysis of the data from 2517 patients in 44 studies. The meta-analysis included two measures of the effects of positive suggestions on postoperative recovery: the duration of postoperative hospitalization and the amount of morphine administered via patient-controlled anesthesia, as well as two measures of memory for specific information presented during (...)
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  42.  14
    Don't Throw Out the Bayes with the Bathwater.Philip M. Fernbach & Steven A. Sloman - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):198-199.
    We highlight one way in which Jones & Love (J&L) misconstrue the Bayesian program: Bayesian models do not represent a rejection of mechanism. This mischaracterization obscures the valid criticisms in their article. We conclude that computational-level Bayesian modeling should not be rejected or discouraged a priori, but should be held to the same empirical standards as other models.
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  43.  4
    Healthcare Rationing Cutoffs and Sorites Indeterminacy.Philip M. Rosoff - 2019 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 44 (4):479-506.
    Rationing is an unavoidable mechanism for reining in healthcare costs. It entails establishing cutoff points that distinguish between what is and is not offered or available to patients. When the resource to be distributed is defined by vague and indeterminate terms such as “beneficial,” “effective,” or even “futile,” the ability to draw meaningful boundary lines that are both ethically and medically sound is problematic. In this article, I draw a parallel between the challenges posed by this problem and the ancient (...)
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  44.  42
    On the Inter-Relatedness of Theory and Measurement in the Study of Unconscious Processes.Eyal M. Reingold & Philip M. Merikle - 1990 - Mind and Language 5 (1):9-28.
  45.  10
    Recognition and Lexical Decision Without Detection: Unconscious Perception?Philip M. Merikle & Eyal M. Reingold - 1990 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 16:574-83.
  46. Beyond the Bounds of Sense: The Rational System in Kant's Three "Critiques".Philip M. Wright - 1992 - Dissertation, University of Toronto (Canada)
    This thesis is concerned with Immanuel Kant's mature philosophy as a whole. My aim is to show the systematic relationship among Kant's three Critiques, and the continuity of these with the Inaugral Dissertation. I use recent interpretations of Kant's projects in the Critique of Pure Reason and I offer my own interpretation of the Critique of Judgment, in which I highlight the importance of the final Appendix in that work, to argue that the goal of these three works taken together (...)
     
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  47.  19
    New Wilderness Boundaries.Philip M. Smith & Richard A. Watson - 1979 - Environmental Ethics 1 (1):61-64.
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  48. Causal Beliefs Influence the Perception of Temporal Order.Philip M. Fernbach, Preston Linson-Gentry & Steven A. Sloman - 2007 - In McNamara D. S. & Trafton J. G. (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 269--74.
     
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  49.  21
    Self-Deception Requires Vagueness.Steven A. Sloman, Philip M. Fernbach & York Hagmayer - 2010 - Cognition 115 (2):268-281.
  50.  35
    An Ethical and Legal Framework for Physicians as Surrogate Decision‐Makers for Their Patients.Philip M. Rosoff & Kelly M. Leong - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (4):857-877.
    Over the last century, and especially since the publication of the Belmont Report in 1978, respect for persons, as exemplified by respect for autonomous decision-making, has become a central tenet in the practice of medicine. The authority of cognitively competent adults to make their own healthcare decisions is enshrined in both law and practice in most advanced industrialized nations. The right to consent to or to refuse medical interventions is virtually absolute, but is contingent on the provision of materially relevant (...)
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