Results for 'Rodney Fopp'

508 found
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  1.  56
    “Repressive Tolerance”: Herbert Marcuse’s Exercise in Social Epistemology.Rodney Fopp - 2010 - Social Epistemology 24 (2):105-122.
    When Herbert Marcuse's essay entitled “Repressive tolerance” was published in the mid-1960s it was trenchantly criticised because it was anti-democratic and defied the academic canon of value neutrality. Yet his argument is attracting renewed interest in the 21st century, particularly when, post 9/11, the thresholds or limits of tolerance are being contested. This article argues that Marcuse's original essay was concerned to problematise the dominant social understandings of tolerance at the time, which were more about insisting that individual citizens tolerate (...)
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  2.  30
    Rodney A. Clifton 25.Rodney A. Clifton - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  3. Chapter Three The Bowie Business: Capitalising on Subversion? Rodney Sharkey.Rodney Sharkey - 2007 - In John Wall (ed.), Music, Metamorphosis and Capitalism: Self, Poetics and Politics. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 33.
     
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  4. Intelligence Without Representation.Rodney A. Brooks - 1991 - Artificial Intelligence 47 (1--3):139-159.
    Artificial intelligence research has foundered on the issue of representation. When intelligence is approached in an incremental manner, with strict reliance on interfacing to the real world through perception and action, reliance on representation disappears. In this paper we outline our approach to incrementally building complete intelligent Creatures. The fundamental decomposition of the intelligent system is not into independent information processing units which must interface with each other via representations. Instead, the intelligent system is decomposed into independent and parallel activity (...)
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  5.  4
    Belief, Language, and Experience.Rodney Needham - 1972 - Blackwell.
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  6.  22
    Models of Brain Function.Rodney M. J. Cotterill (ed.) - 1989 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is an exciting time for brain science. Recent progress has been such that it now seems realistic to look toward an explanation of mind in terms of the brain's anatomy and physiology. Models based on artificially symmetrical arrays of idealized neurons are now being superseded by ones which properly take into account the brain's actual circuitry. This book presents a comprehensive overview of the current state of brain modeling, containing contributions from many leading researchers in this field. It will (...)
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  7.  37
    The Emergence of Private Authority in Global Governance.Rodney Bruce Hall & Thomas J. Biersteker (eds.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    The emergence of private authority has become a feature of the post-Cold War world. The contributors to this volume examine the implications of this erosion of the power of the state for global governance. They analyse actors as diverse as financial institutions, multinational corporations, religious terrorists and organised criminals. The themes of the book relate directly to debates concerning globalization and the role of international law, and will be of interest to scholars and students of international relations, politics, sociology and (...)
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  8. Fine‐Tuning, Multiple Universes and Theism.Rodney D. Holder - 2002 - Noûs 36 (2):295–312.
    The universe appears fine-tuned for life. Bayesian confirmation theory is utilized to examine two competing explanations for this fine-tuning, namely design (theism) and the existence of many universes, in comparison with the ’null’ hypothesis that just one universe exists as a brute fact. Some authors have invoked the so-called ’inverse gambler’s fallacy’ to argue that the many-universes hypothesis does not explain the fine-tuning of ’this’ universe, but flaws in this argument are exposed. Nevertheless, the hypothesis of design, being simpler, is (...)
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  9.  34
    From Earwigs to Humans.Rodney A. Brooks - unknown
    Both direct, and evolved, behavior-based approaches to mobile robots have yielded a number of interesting demonstrations of robots that navigate, map, plan and operate in the real world. The work can best be described as attempts to emulate insect level locomotion and navigation, with very little work on behavior-based non-trivial manipulation of the world. There have been some behavior-based attempts at exploring social interactions, but these too have been modeled after the sorts of social interactions we see in insects. But (...)
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  10. New Approaches to Robotics.Rodney A. Brooks - unknown
    In order to build autonomous robots that can carry out useful work in unstructured environments new approaches have been developed to building intelligent systems. The relationship to traditional academic robotics and traditional artificial intelligence is examined. In the new approaches a tight coupling of sensing to action produces architectures for intelligence that are networks of simple computational elements which are quite broad, but not very deep. Recent work within this approach has demonstrated the use of representations, expectations, plans, goals, and (...)
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  11.  61
    A Robot That Walks; Emergent Behaviors From a Carefully Evolved Network.Rodney A. Brooks - unknown
    Most animals have significant behavioral expertise built in without having to explicitly learn it all from scratch. This expertise is a product of evolution of the organism; it can be viewed as a very long term form of learning which provides a structured system within which individuals might learn more specialized skills or abilities. This paper suggests one possible mechanism for analagous robot evolution by describing a carefully designed series of networks, each one being a strict augmentation of the previous (...)
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  12. Belief, Language and Experience.Rodney Needham - 1974 - Mind 83 (332):634-635.
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  13.  96
    Marxism, Morality, and Social Justice.Rodney G. Peffer - 1990 - Princeton University Press.
    In this book R. G. Peffer tackles the challenges of finding in Marx's work an implicit moral theory, of answering claims that Marxism is incompatible with morality, and of developing the outlines of an adequate Marxist moral and social ...
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  14.  27
    Exploring the Ethics and Economics of Global Labor Standards: A Challenge to Integrated Social Contract Theory.Rodney Stevenson - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (2):193-220.
    The challenge that confronts corporate decision-makers in connection with global labor conditions is often in identifying the standardsby which they should govern themselves. In an effort to provide greater direction in the face of possible global cultural conflicts, ethicistsThomas Donaldson and Thomas Dunfee draw on social contract theory to develop a method for identifying basic human rights: Integrated Social Contract Theory (ISCT). In this paper, we apply ISCT to the challenge of global labor standards, attempting to identify labor rights that (...)
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  15. Economics, Ethics, and Religion: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Economic Thought.Rodney Wilson - 1997 - New York University Press.
    "Written in a racy, persuasive style, the book impresses the reader as a work of significant scholarship...I encourage students of comparative religions- and especially those of Islamic economics- to read it with great care."&$151; Islamic Studies The worlds of economics and theology rarely intersect. The former appears occupied exclusively with the concrete equations of supply and demand, while the latter revolves largely around the less tangible concerns of the soul and spirit. Intended as an interfaith clarification of the relationship between (...)
     
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  16.  20
    Enchanted Looms: Conscious Networks in Brains and Computers.Rodney M. J. Cotterill - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    The title of this book was inspired by a passage in Charles Sherrington's Man on his Nature.
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  17.  41
    Micro Foundations of Religion: A Revised Theory.Rodney Stark - 1999 - Sociological Theory 17 (3):264-289.
    In a major revision of my earlier theoretical work on religion, I attempt to identify and connect the basic micro elements and processes underlying religious expression. I show that all primary aspects of religion-belief, emotion, ritual, prayer, sacrifice, mysticism, and miracle-can be understood on the basis of exchange relations between humans and supernatural beings. Although I utilize a cognitive definition of religion, this new version of the theory is especially concerned with the emotional and expressive aspects of religion. Along the (...)
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  18.  31
    History and Class-Consciousness: Studies in Marxist Dialectics.Rodney Livingstone - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (3):419-424.
  19. Hume on Miracles: Bayesian Interpretation, Multiple Testimony, and the Existence of God.Rodney D. Holder - 1998 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):49-65.
    Hume's argument concerning miracles is interpreted by making approximations to terms in Bayes's theorem. This formulation is then used to analyse the impact of multiple testimony. Individual testimonies which are ‘non-miraculous’ in Hume's sense can in principle be accumulated to yield a high probability both for the occurrence of a single miracle and for the occurrence of at least one of a set of miracles. Conditions are given under which testimony for miracles may provide support for the existence of God.
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  20.  26
    Hauntings, Homeopathy, and the Hopkinsville Goblins: Using Pseudoscience to Teach Scientific Thinking.Rodney Schmaltz & Scott O. Lilienfeld - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  21.  27
    Ethnomethodology, Consciousness and Self.Rodney Watson - 1998 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (2):202-223.
    In this paper I shall outline the approach to consciousness adopted by ethnomethodology and its `associate'conversation analysis. I shall attempt to do this by taking a minimalist stance, namely a basic formulation of the elements of these approaches, trying to strip away the ornate superstructures which have been erected upon that basis. I shall proceed in two ways. First, I shall seek to define ethnomethodology and conversation analysis by contrasting them to varying degrees with a variety of other approaches: symbolic (...)
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  22.  30
    Highness and Bounding Minimal Pairs.Rodney G. Downey, Steffen Lempp & Richard A. Shore - 1993 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 39 (1):475-491.
  23.  26
    On the Unity of Conscious Experience.Rodney M. J. Cotterill - 1995 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (4):290-311.
    It is suggested that consciousness is primarily associated not with stimuli and perception, as commonly supposed, but with movement and responses. Consciousness of stimuli arises in situations in which possible movements are planned, or in which information must be actively acquired rather than passively registered, and may or may not require overt movements to be performed. By emphasizing response, this formulation provides a simple explanation for the perceived unity of consciousness: though stimuli can be diverse, with independent components, movements must (...)
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  24.  44
    Field Theory in Comparative Context: A New Paradigm for Media Studies. [REVIEW]Rodney Benson - 1999 - Theory and Society 28 (3):463-498.
  25.  51
    The Counterfactual Conception of Compensation.Rodney C. Roberts - 2006 - Metaphilosophy 37 (3-4):414–428.
    : My aim in this essay is to remove some of the rubbish that lies in the way of an appropriate understanding of rectificatory compensation, by arguing for the rejection of the counterfactual conception of compensation. Although there is a significant extent to which contemporary theorists have relied upon this idea, the counterfactual conception of compensation is merely a popular assumption, having no positive argument in support of it. Moreover, it can make rendering compensation impossible, and absurd notions of compensation (...)
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  26.  22
    Asymptotic Density and Computably Enumerable Sets.Rodney G. Downey, Carl G. Jockusch & Paul E. Schupp - 2013 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 13 (2):1350005.
    We study connections between classical asymptotic density, computability and computable enumerability. In an earlier paper, the second two authors proved that there is a computably enumerable set A of density 1 with no computable subset of density 1. In the current paper, we extend this result in three different ways: The degrees of such sets A are precisely the nonlow c.e. degrees. There is a c.e. set A of density 1 with no computable subset of nonzero density. There is a (...)
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  27.  62
    How to Build Complete Creatures Rather Than Isolated Cognitive Simulators.Rodney A. Brooks - unknown
    Artificial Intelligence as a discipline has gotten bogged down in subproblems of intelligence. These subproblems are the result of applying reductionist methods to the goal of creating a complete artificial thinking mind. In Brooks (1987) 1 have argued that these methods will lead us to solving irrelevant problems; interesting as intellectual puzzles, but useless in the long run for creating an artificial being.
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  28.  5
    One Hundred Years of Psychological Research in America: G. Stanley Hall and the Johns Hopkins Tradition. Stewart H. Hulse, Bert F. Green, Jr. [REVIEW]Rodney G. Triplet - 1987 - Isis 78 (2):282-283.
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  29. Fine Tuning and the Multiverse.Rodney Holder - 2006 - Think 4 (12):49 - 60.
    It is claimed that the universe appears to be fine-tuned so as to admit the development of life. In this article Rodney Holder examines the evidence for fine-tuning and the chief rival explanation to design, namely the existence of a.
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  30. Independence and Bayesian Updating Methods.Rodney W. Johnson - 1986 - Artificial Intelligence 29 (2):217-222.
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  31. Some Observations From Modern Methods of Harvesting Xancus Pyrum Linnaeus.Rodney Jonklaas - 1968 - In Peter Koestenbaum (ed.), Proceedings. [San Jose? Calif.. pp. 1--919.
     
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  32.  12
    Abelian P -Groups and the Halting Problem.Rodney Downey, Alexander G. Melnikov & Keng Meng Ng - 2016 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 167 (11):1123-1138.
  33.  37
    Walter Rodney, Sexuality and Development The Erotics of 'Underdevelopment' in Walter Rodney: On Sexual or Body Politics and Political Economics - for 'Guerilla Intellectualism'.Greg Thomas - 2010 - CLR James Journal 16 (1):149-167.
  34. Pragmatic Validity in Mannheim and Dewey: A Reassessment of the Epistemological Critique of Ideology and Utopia.Rodney D. Nelson - 1995 - History of the Human Sciences 8 (3):25-45.
  35.  6
    The Young Hegel: Studies in the Relations Between Dialectics and Economics.Rodney Livingstone (ed.) - 1977 - MIT Press.
    "If we are to understand not only the direct impact of Marx on the development of German thought but also his sometimes extremely indirect influence, an exact knowledge of Hegel, of both his greatness and his limitation, is absolutely indispensable."- from the preface. It is well known that Hegel exerted a major influence on the development of Marx's thought. This circumstance led Lukács, one of the chief Marxist theoreticians of this century, to embark on his exploration of Hegelian antecedents in (...)
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  36.  2
    Editorial: Novel Approaches to Teaching Scientific Thinking: Psychological Perspectives.Rodney M. Schmaltz & Scott O. Lilienfeld - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  37. Structure and Sentiment a Test Case in Social Anthropology.Rodney Needham - 1962 - University of Chicago Press.
    "Structure and Sentiment is an important book. Reading it may make an anthropologist more keenly aware of certain issues that are crucial in social anthropology, and this awareness may make one's field work as well as one's reading of published ethnographies more perceptive."—F. G. Lounsbury, American Anthropologist "A theoretical and methodological essay of first importance. As such, the book should be of interest to all social scientists interested in the development of specific and general theory in social anthropology."—Southwestern Social Science (...)
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  38. Injustice and Rectification.Rodney C. Roberts - 2002 - Peter Lang.
    This book aims to help answer two questions that Western philosophy has paid relatively little attention to - what is injustice and what does justice require when injustice occurs? Injustice and Rectification offers a taxonomy of justice, which sets forth an initial framework for a moral theory of justice and focuses on framing a conception of rectificatory justice. The taxonomy is ground for this book's eleven other essays, in which a diverse group of authors brings philosophical analysis to bear on (...)
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  39.  24
    The Ocean of Rivers of Samkhya: A Review of "Samkhya: A Dualist Tradition in Indian Philosophy"Samkhya: A Dualist Tradition in Indian Philosophy. [REVIEW]Rodney J. Parrott, Gerald James Larson & Ram Shankar Bhattacharya - 1990 - Philosophy East and West 40 (3):375.
  40.  20
    Why Have the Injustices Perpetrated Against Blacks in America Not Been Rectified?Rodney C. Roberts - 2001 - Journal of Social Philosophy 32 (3):357–373.
  41.  49
    Homo Religiosus and its Brain: Reality, Imagination, and the Future of Nature.Rodney Holmes - 1996 - Zygon 31 (3):441-455.
  42. The Realization of Infinitely Many Universes in Cosmology.Rodney D. Holder - 2001 - Religious Studies 37 (3):343-350.
    It is shown that, for certain classes of cosmological model which either postulate or give rise to infinitely many universes, only a measure zero subset of the set of possible universes above a given size can in fact be physically realized. It follows that claims to explain the fine tuning of our universe on the basis of such models by appeal to the existence of all possible universes fail.
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  43. Science and Religion in the Theology of Dietrich Bonhoeffer.Rodney D. Holder - 2009 - Zygon 44 (1):115-132.
    The German theologian and martyr Dietrich Bonhoeffer is not widely known for engaging with scientific thought, having been heavily influenced by Karl Barth's celebrated stance against natural theology. However, during the period of his maturing theology in prison Bonhoeffer read a significant scientific work, Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's The World View of Physics. From this he gained two major insights for his theological outlook. First, he realized that the notion of a "God of the gaps" is futile, not just in (...)
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  44.  76
    Cyberchild: A Simulation Test-Bed for Consciousness Studies.Rodney M. J. Cotterill - 2003 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 10 (4-5):31-45.
    The first brief description is given of a project aimed at searching for the neural correlates of consciousness through computer simulation. The underlying model is based on the known circuitry of the mammalian nervous system, the neuronal groups of which are approximated as binary composite units. The simulated nervous system includes just two senses - hearing and touch - and it drives a set of muscles that serve vocalisation, feeding and bladder control. These functions were chosen because of their relevance (...)
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  45. The Heavens Declare: Natural Theology and the Legacy of Karl Barth.Rodney Holder - 2012 - Templeton Press.
    One of the central themes of inquiry for Karl Barth, the twentieth-century Protestant theologian, was the notion of revelation. Although he was suspicious of natural theology, recent scientific advances and the flourishing modern dialogue between science and religion offer compelling reasons to revisit Barth’s thinking on the concept. We must again ask whether and how it might be possible to hold together the notion of revelation whilst employing reason and scientific evidence in the justification of belief. In The Heavens Declare, (...)
     
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  46.  21
    Schnorr Randomness.Rodney G. Downey & Evan J. Griffiths - 2004 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (2):533 - 554.
    Schnorr randomness is a notion of algorithmic randomness for real numbers closely related to Martin-Löf randomness. After its initial development in the 1970s the notion received considerably less attention than Martin-Löf randomness, but recently interest has increased in a range of randomness concepts. In this article, we explore the properties of Schnorr random reals, and in particular the c.e. Schnorr random reals. We show that there are c.e. reals that are Schnorr random but not Martin-Löf random, and provide a new (...)
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  47.  17
    The Accounting Profession: Substantive Change and/or Image Management.Rodney K. Rogers, Jesse Dillard & Kristi Yuthas - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 58 (1-3):159-176.
    . The accounting profession’s image and reputation is built upon the members of the profession acting with the “highest sense of integrity” in “the public interest” (AICPA, 2003, www.aicpa.org/about). The Enron debacle initiated the latest crisis facing the profession regarding its image and reputation. The American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) is the largest professional body representing the accounting profession and the one to which regulators have looked in establishing and upholding professional standards relating to the public practice of (...)
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  48. Counterpoints.Rodney Needham - 1987
     
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  49. Book Review: Craig A. Carter, Rethinking Christ and Culture: A Post-Christendom Perspective . 220 Pp. £12.99 , ISBN 978—1—58743—159—3. [REVIEW]Rodney S. Taylor - 2008 - Studies in Christian Ethics 21 (2):296-300.
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  50.  24
    On Choice Sets and Strongly Non-Trivial Self-Embeddings of Recursive Linear Orders.Rodney G. Downey & Michael F. Moses - 1989 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 35 (3):237-246.
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