83 found
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  1. Newton on Action at a Distance.Steffen Ducheyne - 2014 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (4):675-701.
    Reasoning without experience is very slippery. A man may puzzle me by arguents [sic] … but I’le beleive my ey experience ↓my eyes.↓ernan mcmullin once remarked that, although the “avowedly tentative form” of the Queries “marks them off from the rest of Newton’s published work,” they are “the most significant source, perhaps, for the most general categories of matter and action that informed his research.”2 The Queries (or Quaestiones), which Newton inserted at the very end of the third book of (...)
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  2.  17
    Reassessing the Radical Enlightenment.Steffen Ducheyne - 2017 - Routledge.
    The Radical Enlightenment refers to a fascinating movement within the Enlightenment that challenged traditional forms of religious, philosophical, and political authority and promoted social reform, freedom, democratic values, social equality, and libertas philosophandi. The study of the Radical Enlightenment focuses on the thought of freethinkers, atheists, pantheists, Spinozists, political reformers, and other kindred spirits. Over the last thirty years scholarly writing on, and about the very notion of, a Radical Enlightenment has proliferated and research on the matter has moved in (...)
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  3. Newton on action at a distance and the cause of gravity.Steffen Ducheyne - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):154-159.
    In this discussion paper, I seek to challenge Hylarie Kochiras’ recent claims on Newton’s attitude towards action at a distance, which will be presented in Section 1. In doing so, I shall include the positions of Andrew Janiak and John Henry in my discussion and present my own tackle on the matter . Additionally, I seek to strengthen Kochiras’ argument that Newton sought to explain the cause of gravity in terms of secondary causation . I also provide some specification on (...)
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  4.  29
    Newton's training in the Aristotelian textbook tradition: from effects to causes and back.Steffen Ducheyne - 2005 - History of Science 43 (3):217-237.
  5.  30
    Reid's adaptation and radicalization of Newton's natural philosophy.Steffen Ducheyne - 2006 - History of European Ideas 32 (2):173-189.
    For Thomas Reid, Isaac Newton's scientific methodology in natural philosophy was a source of inspiration for philosophical methodology in general. I shall look at how Reid adapted Newton's views on methodology in natural philosophy. We shall see that Reid radicalized Newton's methodology and, thereby, begins to pave the way for the positivist movement, of which the origin is traditionally associated with the Frenchman Auguste Comte. In the Reidian adaptation of Newtonianism, we can already notice the beginnings of the anti-causal trend (...)
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  6. The general scholium: Some notes on Newton's published and unpublished endeavours.Steffen Ducheyne - unknown
    Newton’s immensely famous, but tersely written, General Scholium is primarily known for its reference to the argument of design and Newton’s famous dictum “hypotheses non fingo”. In the essay at hand, I shall argue that this text served a variety of goals and try to add something new to our current knowledge of how Newton tried to accomplish them. The General Scholium highlights a cornucopia of features that were central to Newton’s natural philosophy in general: matters of experimentation, methodological issues, (...)
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  7.  38
    Understanding (in) Newton’s Argument for Universal Gravitation.Steffen Ducheyne - 2009 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 40 (2):227-258.
    In this essay, I attempt to assess Henk de Regt and Dennis Dieks recent pragmatic and contextual account of scientific understanding on the basis of an important historical case-study: understanding in Newton’s theory of universal gravitation and Huygens’ reception of universal gravitation. It will be shown that de Regt and Dieks’ Criterion for the Intelligibility of a Theory (CIT), which stipulates that the appropriate combination of scientists’ skills and intelligibility-enhancing theoretical virtues is a condition for scientific understanding, is too strong. (...)
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  8.  18
    The status of theory and hypotheses.Steffen Ducheyne - 2013 - In Peter R. Anstey (ed.), The Oxford handbook of British philosophy in the seventeenth century. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. pp. 169.
    This chapter examines the series of drastic epistemological and methodological transformations in the status of hypotheses in British natural philosophy during the seventeenth century. It explains that hypotheses played a rather marginal role in Francis Bacon's methodological thought because he believed they lacked any physical content, although they occupied a centre stage in the Bacon-inspired natural philosophy program of Robert Boyle and Robert Hooke. The chapter mentions that Boyle and Hooke provided a new definition of hypothesis, which is that of (...)
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  9.  16
    Curing Pansophia through Eruditum Nescire: Bernard Nieuwentijt’s Epistemology of Modesty.Steffen Ducheyne - 2017 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 7 (2):272-301.
    Baruch Spinoza’s (1632–77)Tractatus theologico-politicus (1669 or 1670) caused outrage across the Dutch Republic, for it obliterated the carefully installed separation between philosophy and theology. The posthumous publication of Spinoza’s Ethica, which is contained in his Opera posthuma (1677), caused similar consternation. It was especially the mathematical order in which the Ethica was composed that caused fierce opposition, for its mathematical appearance gave the impression that Spinoza’s heretical teachings were established demonstratively. In this essay, I document how the Dutch physician, local (...)
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  10.  11
    Different shades of Newton: Herman Boerhaave on Newton mathematicus, philosophus, and optico-chemicus.Steffen Ducheyne - 2017 - Annals of Science 74 (2):108-125.
    SUMMARYIn this paper I will probe into Herman Boerhaave's appropriation of Isaac Newton's natural philosophy. It will be shown that Newton's work served multiple purposes in Boerhaave's oeuvre, for he appropriated Newton's work differently in different contexts and in different episodes in his career. Three important episodes in, and contexts of, Boerhaave's appropriation of Newton's natural philosophical ideas and methods will be considered: 1710–11, the time of his often neglected lectures on the place of physics in medicine; 1715, when he (...)
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  11. Scientific Representations as Limiting Cases.Steffen Ducheyne - 2012 - Erkenntnis 76 (1):73-89.
    In this essay, I shall show that the so-called inferential (Suárez 2003 and 2004 ) and interpretational (Contessa 2007 ) accounts of scientific representation are respectively unsatisfactory and too weak to account for scientific representation ( pars destruens ). Along the way, I shall also argue that the pragmatic similarity (Giere 2004 and Giere 2010 ) and the partial isomorphism (da Costa and French 2003 and French 2003 ) accounts are unable to single out scientific representation. In the pars construens (...)
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  12.  32
    Newton’s notion and practice of unification.Steffen Ducheyne - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (1):61-78.
    n this paper I deal with a neglected topic with respect to unification in Newton’s Principia. I will clarify Newton’s notion and practice of unification . In order to do so, I will use the recent theories on unification as tools of analysis . I will argue, after showing that neither Kitcher’s nor Schurz’s account aptly capture Newton’s notion and practice of unification, that Salmon’s later work is a good starting point for analysing this notion and its practice in the (...)
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  13.  16
    Petrus van Musschenbroek and Newton’s ‘vera stabilisque Philosophandi methodus’.Steffen Ducheyne - 2015 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 38 (4):279-304.
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  14.  55
    The argument(s) for universal gravitation.Steffen Ducheyne - 2006 - Foundations of Science 11 (4):419-447.
    In this paper an analysis of Newton’s argument for universal gravitation is provided. In the past, the complexity of the argument has not been fully appreciated. Recent authors like George E. Smith and William L. Harper have done a far better job. Nevertheless, a thorough account of the argument is still lacking. Both authors seem to stress the importance of only one methodological component. Smith stresses the procedure of approximative deductions backed-up by the laws of motion. Harper stresses “systematic dependencies” (...)
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  15. Kant and Whewell on Bridging Principles between Metaphysics and Science.Steffen Ducheyne - 2011 - Kant Studien 102 (1):22-45.
    In this essay, I call attention to Kant’s and Whewell’s attempt to provide bridging principles between a priori principles and scientific laws. Part of Kant’s aim in the Opus postumum (ca. 1796-1803) was precisely to bridge the gap between the metaphysical foundations of natural science (on the Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science (1786) see section 1) and physics by establishing intermediary concepts or ‘Mittelbegriffe’ (henceforth this problem is referred to as ‘the bridging-problem’). I argue that the late-Kant attempted to show (...)
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  16.  5
    The main business of natural philosophy: Isaac Newton's natural-philosophical methodology.Steffen Ducheyne - 2012 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    pt. 1. Newton's causal methodology -- pt. 2. Newton's methodology : "the best way of arguing in natural philosophy" -- pt. 3. Newton's theology.
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  17.  94
    J.S. Mill’s Canons of Induction: from True Causes to Provisional Ones.Steffen Ducheyne - 2008 - History and Philosophy of Logic 29 (4):361-376.
    In this essay, my aim is twofold: to clarify how the late Mill conceived of the certainty of inductive generalizations and to offer a systematic clarification of the limited domain of application of the Mill’s Canons of Induction. I shall argue that Mill’s views on the certainty of knowledge changed overtime and that this change was accompanied by a new view on the certainty of the inductive results yielded by the Canons of Induction. The key message of the later editions (...)
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  18.  34
    Galileo’s Interventionist Notion of “Cause‘.Steffen Ducheyne - 2006 - Journal of the History of Ideas 67 (3):443-464.
    In this essay, I shall argue that Galileo introduced a new scientifically useful notion of causality. This new notion of causality was an interventionist notion, according to which causal relations can be discovered by actively exploring and manipulating natural processes. The presence of this conception can be seen from Galileo's explanation of floating bodies and his theory of the tides. I shall point to the similarity between Galileo's notion of "cause" and recent interventionist accounts of causation in the philosophy of (...)
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  19.  51
    Whewell, Necessity and The Inductive Sciences: A Philosophical-Systematic Survey.Steffen Ducheyne - 2009 - South African Journal of Philosophy 28 (4):333-358.
    In this paper Whewell’s concept of necessity is scrutinized and its historical development is outlined (ca. 1833-1860). Particular attention will be paid to how Whewell interpreted the laws of the inductive sciences as being necessary since the laws of nature are concretizations of the Fundamental Ideas which can be partially described by Axioms.
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  20. Mathematical Models in Newton’s Principia: A New View of the “Newtonian Style”.Steffen Ducheyne - 2005 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 19 (1):1 – 19.
    In this essay I argue against I. Bernard Cohen's influential account of Newton's methodology in the Principia: the 'Newtonian Style'. The crux of Cohen's account is the successive adaptation of 'mental constructs' through comparisons with nature. In Cohen's view there is a direct dynamic between the mental constructs and physical systems. I argue that his account is essentially hypothetical-deductive, which is at odds with Newton's rejection of the hypothetical-deductive method. An adequate account of Newton's methodology needs to show how Newton's (...)
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  21.  22
    J. B. Van Helmont's.Steffen Ducheyne - 2008 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 90 (2):216-228.
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  22.  20
    "ignorance Is Bliss": On Bernard Nieuwentijt's Docta Ignorantia and His Insight in Scientific Idealisation.Steffen Ducheyne - 2007 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 4.
  23.  35
    'Celeberrimus Atheismi patronus praecedentis saeculi': Petrus van Musschenbroek's anti-Spinozism unveiled.Steffen Ducheyne - unknown
    In this essay, I will bring several hitherto neglected sources, which pertain to Petrus van Musschenbroek’s unpublished manuscripts, to the fore. The folios at hand show that Musschenbroek read and actively engaged with Spinoza’s Ethica. More precisely, it will be shown that Musschenbroek held clear-cut anti-Spinozistic convictions.
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  24.  12
    ‘s Gravesande's Appropriation of Newton's Natural Philosophy, Part II: Methodological Issues.Steffen Ducheyne - 2014 - Centaurus 56 (2):97-120.
    It has been suggested in the literature that, although Willem Jacob ‘s Gravesande occasionally treated Newton's doctrines in a selective manner, he was nevertheless an unremitting follower of Newton's methodology. As part of a reassessment of ‘s Gravesande's Newtonianism, I argue that, although ‘s Gravesande took over key terms of Newton's methodological canon, his methodological ideas are upon close scrutiny quite different from and occasionally even incongruent with Newton's views on the matter.
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  25. Whewell’s Philosophy of Science.Steffen Ducheyne - 2014 - In W. J. Mander (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    This chapter provides a systematic and historical account of Whewell’s Philosophy of Science. In the first sections, special attention is paid to Whewell’s epistemology, the so-called ‘Fundamental Antithesis of Philosophy,’ and Whewell’s rapport with Kant’s philosophy. In the remaining sections, Whewell’s views on the construction of science and confirmation are analyzed. In the final section, it is shown that Whewell’s active involvement in tidology helped to shape his methodological ideas.
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  26.  39
    Constraining (mathematical) imagination by experience: Nieuwentijt and van Musschenbroek on the abuses of mathematics.Steffen Ducheyne - 2019 - Synthese 196 (9):3595-3613.
    Like many of their contemporaries Bernard Nieuwentijt and Pieter van Musschenbroek were baffled by the heterodox conclusions which Baruch Spinoza drew in the Ethics. As the full title of the Ethics—Ethica ordine geometrico demonstrata—indicates, these conclusions were purportedly demonstrated in a geometrical order, i.e. by means of pure mathematics. First, I highlight how Nieuwentijt tried to immunize Spinoza’s worrisome conclusions by insisting on the distinction between pure and mixed mathematics. Next, I argue that the anti-Spinozist underpinnings of Nieuwentijt’s distinction between (...)
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  27.  17
    ‘s Gravesande's Appropriation of Newton's Natural Philosophy, Part I: Epistemological and Theological Issues.Steffen Ducheyne - 2014 - Centaurus 56 (1):31-55.
    In this essay I reassess Willem Jacob ‘s Gravesande's Newtonianism. I draw attention to ‘s Gravesande's a-causal rendering of physics which went against Newton's causal understanding of natural philosophy and to his attempt to establish a solid foundation for the certainty of Newton's natural philosophy, which he considered as a powerful antidote against the theological aberrations of Descartes and especially Spinoza. I argue that, although ‘s Gravesande clearly took inspiration from Newton's natural philosophy, he was running his own scientific and (...)
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  28. Fundamental questions and some new answers on philosophical, contextual and scientific Whewell: Some reflections on recent Whewell scholarship and the progress made therein.Steffen Ducheyne - 2010 - Perspectives on Science 18 (2):pp. 242-272.
  29.  92
    The Concept of Causation in Newton's Mechanical and Optical Work.Steffen Ducheyne & Erik Weber - 2007 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 16 (4):265-288.
    In this essay the authors explore the nature of efficient causal explanation in Newton’s "Principia and The Opticks". It is argued that: (1) In the dynamical explanations of the Principia, Newton treats the phenomena under study as cases of Hall’s second kind of atypical causation. The underlying concept of causation is therefore a purely interventionist one. (2) In the descriptions of his optical experiments, Newton treats the phenomena under study as cases of Hall’s typical causation. The underlying concept of causation (...)
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  30. The Sources of Mill’s View of Ratiocination and Induction.Steffen Ducheyne & John P. McCaskey - 2014 - In Antis Loizides (ed.), Mill’s a System of Logic: Critical Appraisals. New York: Routledge.
    The philosophical background important to Mill’s theory of induction has two major components: Richard Whately’s introduction of the uniformity principle into inductive inference and the loss of the idea of formal cause.
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  31.  43
    Bacon’s idea and Newton’s practice of induction.Steffen Ducheyne - 2005 - Philosophica 76 (2).
    In this essay, I provide a Baconian reading of Newton’s Principia. I argue that Newton scientific practice was influenced by Bacon’s methodised idea of induction. My focus will be on Newton’s argument of universal gravitation.
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  32.  17
    'Newtonian'elements in locke, hume, and reid, or: how far can one stretch a label?Steffen Ducheyne - 2009 - Enlightenment and Dissent 25:62-105.
  33.  36
    Galileo and Huygens on free fall : mathematical and methodological ifferences.Steffen Ducheyne - unknown
    In this essay, I will scrutinize the differences between Galileo's and Huygens's demonstrations of free fall, which can be found respectively in the Discorsi and the Horologium, from a mathematical, representational and methodological perspective. I argue that more can be learnt from such an analysis than the thesis that Huygens re-styled Galilean mechanics which is a communis opinio. I shall argue that the differences in their approach on free fall highlight a significantly different mathematical and methodological outlook.
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  34.  79
    J. B. Van helmont's de tempore as an influence on Isaac Newton's doctrine of absolute time.Steffen Ducheyne - 2008 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 90 (2):216-228.
    Here, I shall argue that Van Helmont needs to be added to the list of sources on which Newton drew when formulating his doctrine of absolute time. This by no means implies that Van Helmont is the factual source of Newton's views on absolute time (I have found no clear-cut evidence in support of this claim). It is by no means my aim to debunk the importance of the other sources, but rather to broaden them. Different authors help to explain (...)
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  35.  18
    An editorial history of Newton’s regulae philosophandi.Steffen Ducheyne - 2015 - Estudios de Filosofía (Universidad de Antioquia) 51.
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  36.  55
    Lessons from Galileo: The pragmatic model of shared characteristics of scientific representation.Steffen Ducheyne - 2005 - Philosophia Naturalis 42 (2):213-234.
    In this paper I will defend a new account of scientific representation. I will begin by looking at the benefits and drawbacks of two recent accounts on scientific representation: Hughes’ DDI account and Suárez’ inferential account. Next I use some of Galileo’s models in the Discorsi as a heuristic tool for a better account of scientific representation. Next I will present my model. The main idea of my account, which I refer to as the pragmatic model of shared characteristics (PMSC), (...)
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  37.  44
    Isaac Newton on Space and Time: Metaphysician or Not?Steffen Ducheyne - 2001 - Philosophica 67 (1).
  38.  77
    Pieter van Musschenbroek on laws of nature.Steffen Ducheyne & Pieter Present - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Science 50 (4):637-656.
    In this article, we discuss the development of the concept of a ‘law’ (of nature) in the work of the Dutch natural philosopher and experimenter Petrus van Musschenbroek (1692–1761). Since Van Musschenbroek is commonly described as one of the first ‘Newtonians’ on the Continent in the secondary literature, we focus more specifically on its relation to Newton’s views on this issue. Although he was certainly indebted to Newton for his thinking on laws (of nature), Van Musschenbroek’s views can be seen (...)
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  39.  79
    Whewell’s tidal researches: scientific practice and philosophical methodology.Steffen Ducheyne - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (1):26-40.
    Primarily between 1833 and 1840, William Whewell attempted to accomplish what natural philosophers and scientists since at least Galileo had failed to do: to provide a systematic and broad-ranged study of the tides and to attempt to establish a general scientific theory of tidal phenomena. I document the close interaction between Whewell’s philosophy of science and his scientific practice as a tidologist. I claim that the intertwinement between Whewell’s methodology and his tidology is more fundamental than has hitherto been documented.Keywords: (...)
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  40.  24
    The Cavendish Experiment as a Tool for Historical Understanding of Science.Steffen Ducheyne - 2012 - Science & Education 21 (1):87-108.
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  41. Anti-trintarianism in Newton's general scholium to the principia.Steffen Ducheyne - unknown
    Recent findings on Newton's heretical beliefs in the five draft versions of the General Scholium, which was added to the second edition of the Principia in 1713, are discussed here. We shall use these snapshots as a tool to gain understanding into the process of composition of the theological material from the General Scholium.
     
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  42. ch. 4. Whewell's philosophy of science.Steffen Ducheyne - 2014 - In W. J. Mander (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
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  43.  20
    De rol van causaliteit binnen de huidige natuurkunde.Steffen Ducheyne - 2014 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 106 (1):37-41.
    Amsterdam University Press is a leading publisher of academic books, journals and textbooks in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Our aim is to make current research available to scholars, students, innovators, and the general public. AUP stands for scholarly excellence, global presence, and engagement with the international academic community.
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  44.  27
    Introduction.Steffen Ducheyne - 2005 - Philosophica 76 (2).
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  45.  19
    Introduction.Steffen Ducheyne & Wim van Moer - 2014 - Philosophica 89 (1).
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  46.  28
    Isaac Newton's 'of the church' manuscript description and analysis of Bodmer ms. in Geneva.Steffen Ducheyne - unknown
    In this essay, a manuscript description and analysis of Isaac Newton's manuscript 'Of the Church' is provided.
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  47.  37
    Joan Baptista Van helmont and the question of experimental modernism.Steffen Ducheyne - unknown
    In this paper, I take up the question to what extent and in which sense we can conceive of Johannes Baptista Van Helmont’s (1579-1644) style of experimenting as “modern”. Connected to this question, I shall reflect upon what Van Helmont’s precise contribution to experimental practice was. I will argue - after analysing some of Van Helmont's experiments such as his tree-experiment, ice-experiment, and thermoscope experiment - that Van Helmont had a strong preference to locate experimental designs in places wherein variables (...)
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  48.  62
    Mathematical and philosophical Newton: Niccoló Guicciardini: Isaac Newton on mathematical certainty and method. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2009, 448pp, US$55.00, £40.95 HB Andrew Janiak: Newton as philosopher. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008, 208pp, £47 HB.Steffen Ducheyne - 2011 - Metascience 20 (3):467-476.
    Mathematical and philosophical Newton Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-10 DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9520-2 Authors Steffen Ducheyne, Centre for Logic and Philosophy of Science, Ghent University, Blandijnberg 2, 9000 Ghent, Belgium Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  49.  26
    Noodzakelijkheid bij William Whewell: De ontwikkeling Van een concept.Steffen Ducheyne - 2007 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 69 (2):239 - 265.
    The immense oeuvre of William Whewell (1794-1886), a Victorian monument by itself, has to some extent been treated in a stepmotherly fashion by philosophers and historiansof philosophy. This paper attempts to conceptually clarify Whewell's notion of necessity, which was a core notion in his philosophical project. The author also sketches in broad lines the historical development of this notion in Whewell's thinking and points tothe intertwinement between Whewell's philosophy and theology. Whewell's philosophical work was deeply based on the history of (...)
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  50.  59
    Newton's idea and practice of unification.Steffen Ducheyne - unknown
    In this paper I try to capture Newton's notion and practice of unification (I will mainly focus on the Principia). I will use contemporary theories on unification in philosophy of science as analytic tools (Kitcher, Schurz and Salmon). I will argue that Salmon's later work on the topic provides a good starting point to characterize Newton's notion and practice. However, in order to fully grasp Newton's idea and practice of unification, Salmon's model needs to be fleshed out and extended.
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