Results for 'Stephen A. Fenner'

998 found
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  1.  41
    Every polynomial-time 1-degree collapses if and only if P = PSPACE.Stephen A. Fenner, Stuart A. Kurtz & James S. Royer - 2004 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (3):713-741.
    A set A is m-reducible to B if and only if there is a polynomial-time computable function f such that, for all x, x∈ A if and only if f ∈ B. Two sets are: 1-equivalent if and only if each is m-reducible to the other by one-one reductions; p-invertible equivalent if and only if each is m-reducible to the other by one-one, polynomial-time invertible reductions; and p-isomorphic if and only if there is an m-reduction from one set to the (...)
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  2.  76
    Almost weakly 2-generic sets.Stephen A. Fenner - 1994 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (3):868-887.
    There is a family of questions in relativized complexity theory--weak analogs of the Friedberg Jump-Inversion Theorem--that are resolved by 1-generic sets but which cannot be resolved by essentially any weaker notion of genericity. This paper defines aw2-generic sets. i.e., sets which meet every dense set of strings that is r.e. in some incomplete r.e. set. Aw2-generic sets are very close to 1-generic sets in strength, but are too weak to resolve these questions. In particular, it is shown that for any (...)
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  3.  25
    Bounded Immunity and Btt‐Reductions.Stephen Fenner & Marcus Schaefer - 1999 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 45 (1):3-21.
    We define and study a new notion called k-immunity that lies between immunity and hyperimmunity in strength. Our interest in k-immunity is justified by the result that θ does not k-tt reduce to a k-immune set, which improves a previous result by Kobzev [7]. We apply the result to show that Φ′ does not btt-reduce to MIN, the set of minimal programs. Other applications include the set of Kolmogorov random strings, and retraceable and regressive sets. We also give a new (...)
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  4.  15
    The complexity of learning SUBSEQ(A).Stephen Fenner, William Gasarch & Brian Postow - 2009 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 74 (3):939-975.
    Higman essentially showed that if A is any language then SUBSEQ(A) is regular, where SUBSEQ(A) is the language of all subsequences of strings in A. Let s1, s2, s3, . . . be the standard lexicographic enumeration of all strings over some finite alphabet. We consider the following inductive inference problem: given A(s1), A(s2), A(s3), . . . . learn, in the limit, a DFA for SUBSEQU). We consider this model of learning and the variants of it that are usually (...)
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  5.  28
    The religious foundations of Francis Bacon's thought.Stephen A. McKnight - 2006 - Columbia, Mo.: University of Missouri Press.
    Presents close analysis of eight of Francis Bacon's texts in order to investigate the relation of his religious views to his instauration. Attempts to correct the persistent misconception of Bacon as a secular modern who dismissed religion in order to promote the human advancement of knowledge"--Provided by publisher.
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  6.  24
    Psychiatric ethics.Sidney Bloch & Stephen A. Green (eds.) - 1981 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Ethical issues are pivotal to the practice of psychiatry. Anyone involved in psychiatric practice and mental healthcare has to be aware of the range of ethical issues relevant to their profession. An increased professional commitment to accountability, in parallel with a growing "consumer" movement has paved the way for a creative engagement with the ethical movement. The bestselling 'Psychiatric Ethics' has carved out a niche for itself as the major comprehensive text and core reference in the field, covering a range (...)
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  7.  11
    International order: a political history.Stephen A. Kocs - 2019 - Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner Publishers.
    Traces the rise and fall of successive international systems from medieval times to the present, showing how international order is created, how it is maintained, and why it breaks down.
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  8. How to Construct a Minimal Theory of Mind.Stephen A. Butterfill & Ian A. Apperly - 2013 - Mind and Language 28 (5):606-637.
    What could someone represent that would enable her to track, at least within limits, others' perceptions, knowledge states and beliefs including false beliefs? An obvious possibility is that she might represent these very attitudes as such. It is sometimes tacitly or explicitly assumed that this is the only possible answer. However, we argue that several recent discoveries in developmental, cognitive, and comparative psychology indicate the need for other, less obvious possibilities. Our aim is to meet this need by describing the (...)
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  9. The psychiatrist and the pharmaceutical industry.Stephen A. Green - 1981 - In Sidney Bloch & Stephen A. Green (eds.), Psychiatric ethics. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  10. The relative efficiency of propositional proof systems.Stephen A. Cook & Robert A. Reckhow - 1979 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (1):36-50.
  11.  56
    Perceiving expressions of emotion: What evidence could bear on questions about perceptual experience of mental states?Stephen A. Butterfill - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 36:438-451.
  12.  18
    The Developing Mind: A Philosophical Introduction.Stephen A. Butterfill - 2017 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    The development of children’s minds raises fundamental psychological and scientific questions, from how we are able to know about and describe basic aspects of the world such as words, numbers and colours to how we come to grasp causes, actions and intentions. This is the first book to properly introduce and examine philosophical questions concerning children’s cognitive development and considers the implications of scientific breakthroughs for the philosophy of developmental psychology. Each chapter explores a central topic in developmental psychology from (...)
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  13. Is goal ascription possible in minimal mindreading?Stephen A. Butterfill & Ian A. Apperly - 2016 - Psychological Review 123 (2):228-233.
    In this response to the commentary by Michael and Christensen, we first explain how minimal mindreading is compatible with the development of increasingly sophisticated mindreading behaviours that involve both executive functions and general knowledge, and then sketch one approach to a minimal account of goal ascription.
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  14. 11. What Does Knowledge Explain? Commentary on Jennifer Nagel,'Knowledge as a Mental State'.Stephen A. Butterfill - 2013 - Oxford Studies in Epistemology 4:309.
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  15.  29
    Goals and targets: a developmental puzzle about sensitivity to others’ actions.Stephen A. Butterfill - 2019 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 17):3969-3990.
    Sensitivity to others’ actions is essential for social animals like humans and a fundamental requirement for any kind of social cognition. Unsurprisingly, it is present in humans from early in the first year of life. But what processes underpin infants’ sensitivity to others’ actions? Any attempt to answer this question must solve twin puzzles about the development of goal tracking. Why does some, but not all, of infants’ goal tracking appear to be limited by their abilities to represent the observed (...)
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  16.  31
    Caritas and Consciousness: Aristotle and Aquinas on Love of Neighbor.Stephen A. Calogero - 2013 - Philosophy and Theology 25 (2):167-180.
    In Book IX of the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle discusses the motivating psychology of the benefactor. He finds that self-love is the crucial element of consciousness that accounts for the benefactor’s desire to participate constructively in the community of being. His analysis invites comparison with Aquinas’s treatment of the theological virtue of caritas. Similarities are found, but Aquinas’s approach leads to a discussion of divine beatitude where we find a somewhat surprising analogy between Aristotle’s human and Aquinas’s divine benefactor. For Aquinas (...)
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  17.  10
    The effect of thematic content on cognitive strategies in the four-card selection task.Stephen A. Yachanin & Ryan D. Tweney - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (2):87-90.
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  18.  38
    Towards a Mechanistically Neutral Account of Acting Jointly: The Notion of a Collective Goal.Stephen A. Butterfill & Corrado Sinigaglia - 2023 - Mind 132 (525):1-29.
    Many of the things we do are, or could be, done with others. Mundane examples favoured by philosophers include painting a house together (Bratman 1992), lifting.
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  19.  41
    An anthology of psychiatric ethics.Stephen A. Green & Sidney Bloch (eds.) - 2006 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This title includes the following features: Presents a comprehensivediscussion of the central issues of psychiatric ethics, defining and exploringeach of these issues; Contains essential readings for each of these central issues, providing in onevolume readings that would otherwise be difficult to obtain; Includes introductory essays that provide a comprehensive overview of eachissue, efficiently and effectively organizing the reader's approach to theselected readings; Draws on the success of the well-known and respected 'PsychiatricEthics'.
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  20.  17
    Tracking and representing others’ mental states.Stephen A. Butterfill - 2017 - In Kristin Andrews & Jacob Beck (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Animal Minds. Routledge. pp. 269-279.
    Few things matter more than the mental states of those nearby. Their ignorance defines limits on cooperation and presents opportunities to exploit in competition. What others feel, see and know can also provide information about events otherwise beyond your ken. It’s no surprise, then, that abilities to track others’ mental states are widespread. Many animals, including scrub jays, ravens, goats, dogs, ring-tailed lemurs, monkeys and chimpanzees, reliably vary their actions in ways that are appropriate given facts about another’s mental states. (...)
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  21.  30
    How to Construct a Minimal Theory of Mind.Ian A. Apperly Stephen A. Butterfill - 2013 - Mind and Language 28 (5):606-637.
    What could someone represent that would enable her to track, at least within limits, others' perceptions, knowledge states and beliefs including false beliefs? An obvious possibility is that she might represent these very attitudes as such. It is sometimes tacitly or explicitly assumed that this is the only possible answer. However, we argue that several recent discoveries in developmental, cognitive, and comparative psychology indicate the need for other, less obvious possibilities. Our aim is to meet this need by describing the (...)
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  22.  97
    The Self in Aristotle’s Ethics.Stephen A. Calogero - 1998 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 5 (2-3):85-95.
    This paper examines Aristotle’s treatment of friendship and self-love in Books VIII and IX of the Nicomachean Ethics. The purpose is to explore what Aristotle means by self, and his understanding of why selves become, engaged in benevolent relationships with others. Some discussion of Aristotle’s influence on Kierkegaard helps to bring out the significance of Aristotle’s insights about the self. Aristotle explains how the self’s movement toward actuality grounds friendship and benevolence. True friendship and all endeavors to “produce” good, derive (...)
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  23.  26
    New departures in Marxian theory.Stephen A. Resnick & Richard D. Wolff (eds.) - 1982 - New York: Routledge.
    Over the last twenty-five years, Stephen Resnick and Richard Wolff have developed a groundbreaking interpretation of Marxian theory generally and of Marxian economics in particular. This book brings together their key contributions and underscores their different interpretations. In facing and trying to resolve contradictions and lapses within Marxism, the authors have confronted the basic incompatibilities among the dominant modern versions of Marxian theory, and the fact that Marxism seemed cut off from the criticisms of determinist modes of thought offered (...)
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  24.  17
    Revising Our Standards on Dual-Role Physicians: Proceed, but Proceed With Caution.Stephen A. Berman & Luciana Garbayo - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (4):49-50.
    Morain and colleagues (Morain et al. 2019) propose two conditions for avoiding role conflicts: if “(A) research participation would not substantially disadvantage the patient as compared with usual...
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  25.  33
    The Plowshare of the Tongue: the Progress of a Symbol from the Bible to Piers Plowman.Stephen A. Barney - 1973 - Mediaeval Studies 35 (1):261-293.
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  26. Truth Theories and Action Explanation.Stephen A. Butterfill - 1999
  27.  12
    Under the shade of a coolibah tree: Australian studies in consciousness.Richard A. Hutch & Peter G. Fenner (eds.) - 1984 - Lanham: University Press of America.
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  28.  49
    Measuring the speed of the conscious components of recognition memory: Remembering is faster than knowing.Stephen A. Dewhurst, Selina J. Holmes, Karen R. Brandt & Graham M. Dean - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):147-162.
    Three experiments investigated response times for remember and know responses in recognition memory. RTs to remember responses were faster than RTs to know responses, regardless of whether the remember–know decision was preceded by an old/new decision or was made without a preceding old/new decision . The finding of faster RTs for R responses was also found when remember–know decisions were made retrospectively. These findings are inconsistent with dual-process models of recognition memory, which predict that recollection is slower and more effortful (...)
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  29.  41
    A gender difference in the false recall of negative words: Women DRM more than men.Stephen A. Dewhurst, Rachel J. Anderson & Lauren M. Knott - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):65-74.
  30. Student Relativism.Stephen A. Satris - 1986 - Teaching Philosophy 9 (3):193-205.
    In this paper I offer an analysis of, and suggest some methods for dealing with, a quite particular and peculiar problem in teaching philosophy. It is, perhaps,not a problem essential to the discipline or to its teaching, but it is nevertheless one of the most serious, pervasive, and frustrating problems confronting mostphilosophy teachers today. I speak of the problem of student relativism-or, SR for short.
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  31.  12
    Tyranny and Revolution: Rousseau to Heidegger.Stephen A. Chavura - 2023 - The European Legacy 29 (1):112-115.
    One could describe political philosophy from the Enlightenment to the present, or at least until World War II, as largely an exercise in defining true freedom, as well as a call to liberate the mas...
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  32.  26
    The Participation and Motivations of Grant Peer Reviewers: A Comprehensive Survey.Stephen A. Gallo, Lisa A. Thompson, Karen B. Schmaling & Scott R. Glisson - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (2):761-782.
    Scientific peer reviewers play an integral role in the grant selection process, yet very little has been reported on the levels of participation or the motivations of scientists to take part in peer review. The American Institute of Biological Sciences developed a comprehensive peer review survey that examined the motivations and levels of participation of grant reviewers. The survey was disseminated to 13,091 scientists in AIBS’s proprietary database. Of the 874 respondents, 76% indicated they had reviewed grant applications in the (...)
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  33.  16
    Physical growth of Jamaican school children who were severely malnourished before 2 years of age.Stephen A. Richardson - 1975 - Journal of Biosocial Science 7 (4):445-462.
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  34.  40
    Conformity, Individuality, and the Nature of Virtue: A Classical Confucian Contribution to Contemporary Ethical Reflection.Stephen A. Wilson - 1995 - Journal of Religious Ethics 23 (2):263-289.
    The unique discourse of Confucian ritual practice encompasses a powerful and sophisticated way of talking about individual fulfillment within the context of more substantive or universal conceptions of the good life. To make this case, I will consider both the text of the "Analects" and the influential readings of the "Analects" offered by Fingarette in "Confucius: The Secular as Sacred" and by Hall and Ames in "Thinking through Confucius". Though the two interpretive works are helpful in articulating the classical Confucian (...)
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  35.  33
    Joint Commitment: How We Make the Social World, written by M. Gilbert.Stephen A. Butterfill - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (4):475-478.
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  36.  6
    Silence Et Langage: Genèse de la Phénoménologie de Merleau-Ponty au Seuil de L’Ontologie.Stephen A. Noble - 2014 - Boston: Brill.
    In Silence et langage Stephen A. Noble offers a new interpretation of the development of Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenology which analyses the central position of language within a philosophy of perception predicated upon the interdependence of seeing and speaking.
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  37. Is Aristotelian happiness a good life or the best life?Stephen A. White - 1990 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 8:103-44.
  38.  14
    Intentionality in the introduction to being and nothingness.Stephen A. Dinan - 1971 - Research in Phenomenology 1 (1):91-118.
  39.  47
    A Critique of Philosophy and Faith.Stephen A. Dinan - 1981 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 55 (4):171-171.
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  40.  5
    A Critique of Philosophy and Faith.Stephen A. Dinan - 1981 - Modern Schoolman 58 (4):249-257.
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  41.  3
    A Critique of Philosophy and Faith.Stephen A. Dinan - 1981 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 55:171.
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  42.  16
    Inheriting a structural scaffold for Golgi biosynthesis.Stephen A. Jesch - 2002 - Bioessays 24 (7):584-587.
    In animal cells, the Golgi complex undergoes reversible disassembly during mitosis. The disassembly/reassembly process has been intensively studied in order to understand the mechanisms that govern organelle assembly and inheritance during cell division. A long‐standing controversy in the field has been whether formation of Golgi structure is template‐mediated or self‐organizes from components of the endoplasmic reticulum. A recent study1 however, has demonstrated that a subset of proteins that form a putative Golgi matrix can be inherited during cell division in the (...)
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  43.  18
    Metatheory, change and evidence‐based medicine. A commentary on Isaac & Franceschi (2008).Stephen A. Buetow - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):660-662.
  44.  15
    Ian Bishop, Chaucer's “Troilus and Criseyde”: A Critical Study. Bristol, Eng.: University of Bristol, 1981. Paper. Pp. 116. £4.94. [REVIEW]Stephen A. Barney - 1983 - Speculum 58 (3):843.
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  45.  14
    Three Friars, a Queen and a Cardinal and New Spain.Stephen A. Janto - 1958 - Franciscan Studies 18 (3-4):355-384.
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  46. Four Sartrean Arguments for the Non-existence of God: A Critique.Stephen A. Dinan - 1978 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 52:140.
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  47.  30
    Frequency and Type of Conflicts of Interest in the Peer Review of Basic Biomedical Research Funding Applications: Self-Reporting Versus Manual Detection.Stephen A. Gallo, Michael Lemaster & Scott R. Glisson - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (1):189-197.
    Despite the presumed frequency of conflicts of interest in scientific peer review, there is a paucity of data in the literature reporting on the frequency and type of conflicts that occur, particularly with regard to the peer review of basic science applications. To address this gap, the American Institute of Biological Sciences conducted a retrospective analysis of conflict of interest data from the peer review of 282 biomedical research applications via several onsite review panels. The overall conflicted-ness of these panels (...)
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  48.  32
    A willingness to be vulnerable: norm psychology and human–robot relationships.Stephen A. Setman - 2021 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (4):815-824.
    Should we welcome social robots into interpersonal relationships? In this paper I show that an adequate answer to this question must take three factors into consideration: (1) the psychological vulnerability that characterizes ordinary interpersonal relationships, (2) the normative significance that humans attach to other people’s attitudes in such relationships, and (3) the tendency of humans to anthropomorphize and “mentalize” artificial agents, often beyond their actual capacities. I argue that we should welcome social robots into interpersonal relationships only if they are (...)
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  49.  32
    Direct and generative retrieval of autobiographical memories: The roles of visual imagery and executive processes.Rachel J. Anderson, Stephen A. Dewhurst & Graham M. Dean - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 49:163-171.
  50.  18
    The Theory of Value and the Rise of Ethical Emotivism.Stephen A. Satris - 1982 - Journal of the History of Ideas 43 (1):109.
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