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  1. added 2016-07-23
    Duncan Purves (forthcoming). The Case for Discounting the Future. Ethics, Policy and Environment:1-18.
    Though economists appear to discount future well-being when evaluating the costs of climate change, plausible justifications of this practice have not been forthcoming. The methods of economists thus seem to contravene the requirements of justice by discounting the moral importance of future well-being simply because it exists in the future. I defend the practice of discounting the future against the charge of injustice on grounds that moral theorists of different stripes can accept. I argue that, because public policy choices are (...)
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  2. added 2016-07-21
    Jacob Stegenga (2009). Jessica Riskin , Genesis Redux: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Artificial Life. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2007. Pp. Xvii+389. ISBN 978-0-226-72081-4. £16.00, $25.00. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 42 (3):437.
  3. added 2016-07-20
    Christian Baatz (forthcoming). Reply to My Critics: Justifying the Fair Share Argument. Ethics, Policy and Environment:1-9.
    In an earlier article I argued that individuals are obligated not to exceed their fair share of emissions entitlements, that many exceed their fair share at present and thus ought to reduce their emissions as far as can reasonably be demanded. The peer commentators raised various insightful and pressing concerns, but the following objections seem particularly important: It was argued that the fair share argument is insufficiently justified, that it is incoherent, that it would result in more far-reaching duties than (...)
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  4. added 2016-07-17
    Clement Loo (forthcoming). Environmental Justice as a Foundation for a Process-Based Framework for Adaptation and Mitigation: A Commentary on Brooks. Ethics, Policy and Environment:1-5.
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  5. added 2016-07-17
    W. Ford Doolittle (forthcoming). Making the Most of Clade Selection. Philosophy of Science 84.
    Clade selection is unpopular with philosophers who otherwise accept multilevel selection theory. Clades cannot reproduce, and reproduction is widely thought necessary for evolution by natural selection, especially of complex adaptations. Using microbial evolutionary processes as heuristics, I argue contrariwise, that (1) clade growth (proliferation of contained species) substitutes for clade reproduction in the evolution of complex adaptation, (2) clade-level properties favoring persistence – species richness, dispersal, divergence, and possibly intraclade cooperation – are not collapsible into species-level traits, (3) such properties (...)
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  6. added 2016-07-16
    Jonathan Peter Schwartz (forthcoming). On Staying Focused: Response to Thom Brooks’ How Not To Save the Planet. Ethics, Policy and Environment:1-3.
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  7. added 2016-07-16
    Ben Mylius (forthcoming). Change-Oriented Conceptions of Climate: A Response to Thom Brooks’ How Not to Save the Planet. Ethics, Policy and Environment:1-3.
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  8. added 2016-07-09
    Santiago Ginnobili (2016). Missing Concepts in Natural Selection Theory Reconstructions. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 38 (8):1-33.
    The concept of fitness has generated a lot of discussion in philosophy of biology. There is, however, relative agreement about the need to distinguish at least two uses of the term: ecological fitness on the one hand, and population genetics fitness on the other. The goal of this paper is to give an explication of the concept of ecological fitness by providing a reconstruction of the theory of natural selection in which this concept was framed, that is, based on the (...)
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  9. added 2016-07-07
    Christine Clavien & Michel Chapuisat (2016). The Evolution of Utility Functions and Psychological Altruism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 56:24-31.
    Numerous studies show that humans tend to be more cooperative than expected given the assumption that they are rational maximizers of personal gain. As a result, theoreticians have proposed elaborated formal representations of human decision-making, in which utility functions including “altruistic” or “moral” preferences replace the purely self-oriented "Homo economicus" function. Here we review mathematical approaches that provide insights into the mathematical stability of alternative ways of representing human decision-making in social contexts. Candidate utility functions may be evaluated with help (...)
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  10. added 2016-07-06
    Christophe Menant (2016). Meaning Generation for Constraint Satisfaction. An Evolutionary Thread for Biosemiotics. Dissertation, Prague Charles University. Gatherings in Biosemiotics 2016
    One of the mains challenges of biosemiotics is ‘to attempt to naturalize biological meaning’ [Sharov & all 2015]. That challenge brings to look at a possible evolutionary thread for biosemiotics based on meaning generation for internal constraint satisfaction, starting with a pre-biotic entity emerging from a material universe. Such perspective complements and extends previous works that used a model of meaning generation for internal constraint satisfaction (the Meaning Generator System) [Menant 2003a, b; 2011]. We propose to look at such an (...)
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  11. added 2016-07-04
    Nicholas Smyth (forthcoming). The Function of Morality. Philosophical Studies.
    What is the function of morality? On this question, something approaching a consensus has recently emerged. Impressed by developments in evolutionary theory, many philosophers now tell us that the function of morality is to reduce social tensions, and to thereby enable a society to efficiently promote the well-being of its members. In this paper, I subject this consensus to rigorous scrutiny, arguing that the functional hypothesis in question is not well supported. In particular, I attack the supposed evidential relation between (...)
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  12. added 2016-07-04
    Makoto Usami, Moral Grounds for Indigenous Hunting Rights. Philosophy of Law in the Arctic.
    It is crucial for indigenous people living in the Arctic to harvest animals by hunting in a traditional manner, as is the case with such peoples in other parts of the world. Given the nutritional, economic, and cultural importance of hunting for aboriginal people, it seems reasonable to say that they have the moral right to hunt animals. On the other hand, non-aboriginal people are occasionally prohibited from hunting a particular species of animal in many societies. The question then arises: (...)
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  13. added 2016-07-03
    Christopher J. Austin (forthcoming). The Ontology of Organisms: Mechanistic Modules or Patterned Processes? Biology and Philosophy:1-24.
    Though the realm of biology has long been under the philosophical rule of the mechanistic magisterium, recent years have seen a surprisingly steady rise in the usurping prowess of process ontology. According to its proponents, theoretical advances in the contemporary science of evo-devo have afforded that ontology a particularly powerful claim to the throne: in that increasingly empirically confirmed discipline, emergently autonomous, higher-order entities are the reigning explanantia. If we are to accept the election of evo-devo as our best conceptualisation (...)
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  14. added 2016-07-03
    Andrew R. Deans, Suzanna E. Lewis, Eva Huala, Salvatore S. Anzaldo, Michael Ashburner, James P. Balhoff, David C. Blackburn, Judith A. Blake, J. Gordon Burleigh, Bruno Chanet, Laurel D. Cooper, Mélanie Courtot, Sándor Csösz, Hong Cui, Wasila Dahdul, Sandip Das, T. Alexander Dececchi, Agnes Dettai, Rui Diogo, Robert E. Druzinsky, Michel Dumontier, Nico M. Franz, Frank Friedrich, George V. Gkoutos, Melissa Haendel, Luke J. Harmon, Terry F. Hayamizu, Yongqun He, Heather M. Hines, Nizar Ibrahim, Laura M. Jackson, Pankaj Jaiswal, Christina James-Zorn, Sebastian Köhler, Guillaume Lecointre, Hilmar Lapp, Carolyn J. Lawrence, Nicolas Le Novère, John G. Lundberg, James Macklin, Austin R. Mast, Peter E. Midford, István Mikó, Christopher J. Mungall, Anika Oellrich, David Osumi-Sutherland, Helen Parkinson, Martín J. Ramírez, Stefan Richter, Peter N. Robinson & Alan Ruttenberg (2015). Finding Our Way Through Phenotypes. PLoS Biol 13 (1):e1002033.
    Despite a large and multifaceted effort to understand the vast landscape of phenotypic data, their current form inhibits productive data analysis. The lack of a community-wide, consensus-based, human- and machine-interpretable language for describing phenotypes and their genomic and environmental contexts is perhaps the most pressing scientific bottleneck to integration across many key fields in biology, including genomics, systems biology, development, medicine, evolution, ecology, and systematics. Here we survey the current phenomics landscape, including data resources and handling, and the progress that (...)
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  15. added 2016-07-01
    Erik Storkebaum (forthcoming). Peripheral Neuropathy Via Mutant tRNA Synthetases: Inhibition of Protein Translation Provides a Possible Explanation. Bioessays.
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  16. added 2016-07-01
    David A. Baum (2013). Developmental Causation and the Problem of Homology. Philosophy and Theory in Biology 5 (20160629).
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  17. added 2016-06-30
    Mariano Bizzarri & Alessandra Cucina (forthcoming). SMT and TOFT: Why and How They Are Opposite and Incompatible Paradigms. Acta Biotheoretica.
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  18. added 2016-06-30
    Marc Artiga & Manolo Martínez (2016). Erratum To: The Organizational Account of Function is an Etiological Account of Function. Acta Biotheoretica 64 (2):119-120.
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  19. added 2016-06-30
    Xiang-Jun Cui & Chen-Xia Shi (2016). Combinations of Histone Modifications for Pattern Genes. Acta Biotheoretica 64 (2):121-132.
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  20. added 2016-06-30
    Kirk Fitzhugh (2016). Sequence Data, Phylogenetic Inference, and Implications of Downward Causation. Acta Biotheoretica 64 (2):133-160.
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  21. added 2016-06-30
    Soovoojeet Jana, Swapan Kumar Nandi & T. K. Kar (2016). Complex Dynamics of an SIR Epidemic Model with Saturated Incidence Rate and Treatment. Acta Biotheoretica 64 (1):65-84.
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  22. added 2016-06-30
    Xiao Wang, Kiah Hardcastle, Seth H. Weinberg & Gregory D. Smith (2016). Population Density and Moment-Based Approaches to Modeling Domain Calcium-Mediated Inactivation of L-Type Calcium Channels. Acta Biotheoretica 64 (1):11-32.
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  23. added 2016-06-30
    J. C. Flores (2016). Competitive Exclusion and Axiomatic Set-Theory: De Morgan’s Laws, Ecological Virtual Processes, Symmetries and Frozen Diversity. Acta Biotheoretica 64 (1):85-98.
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  24. added 2016-06-30
    S. M. Simelane, S. Abelman & F. D. Duncan (2016). Gas Exchange Models for a Flexible Insect Tracheal System. Acta Biotheoretica 64 (2):161-196.
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  25. added 2016-06-30
    Pierrick Bourrat (2016). Generalizing Contextual Analysis. Acta Biotheoretica 64 (2):197-217.
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  26. added 2016-06-30
    Christopher M. Murray & Brian I. Crother (2016). Entities on a Temporal Scale. Acta Biotheoretica 64 (1):1-10.
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  27. added 2016-06-30
    Jan Baedke (2016). Development, Evolution, and the Concepts Between the Two. Acta Biotheoretica 64 (1):99-103.
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  28. added 2016-06-30
    E. K. Waters (2016). Erratum To: Aggregation and Competitive Exclusion: Explaining the Coexistence of Human Papillomavirus Types and the Effectiveness of Limited Vaccine Conferred Cross-Immunity. Acta Biotheoretica 64 (2):219-219.
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  29. added 2016-06-30
    Nikos Nikisianis & Georgios P. Stamou (2016). Harmony as Ideology: Questioning the Diversity–Stability Hypothesis. Acta Biotheoretica 64 (1):33-64.
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  30. added 2016-06-30
    Joachim Dagg (2016). On Recognising the Paradox of Sex. Philosophy and Theory in Biology 8 (20160629).
    Discussions of the implications of sexual reproduction have appeared throughout the history of evolutionary biology, from Darwin to Weismann, Fisher, Muller, Maynard Smith, and Williams. The latest of these appearances highlighted an evolutionary paradox that had previously been overlooked. In many animal and plant species reproduction is obligately sexual and also half the offspring are male, yet the males contribute nothing but genes to reproduction. If asexual mutants of such a species were to produce as many asexual offspring on average (...)
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  31. added 2016-06-30
    Julie Fontecave-Jallon & S. Randall Thomas (2015). Implementation of a Model of Bodily Fluids Regulation. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (3):269-282.
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  32. added 2016-06-30
    Franck Varenne, Pierre Chaigneau, Jean Petitot & René Doursat (2015). Programming the Emergence in Morphogenetically Architected Complex Systems. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (3):295-308.
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  33. added 2016-06-30
    August W. M. Martin (2015). Kostas Kampourakis: Understanding Evolution. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (4):407-411.
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  34. added 2016-06-30
    David S. Moore (2015). The Asymmetrical Bridge. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (4):413-427.
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  35. added 2016-06-30
    Abdon Atangana (2015). Modeling the Enzyme Kinetic Reaction. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (3):239-256.
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  36. added 2016-06-30
    F. Kozusko & M. Bourdeau (2015). The Trans-Gompertz Function: An Alternative to the Logistic Growth Function with Faster Growth. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (4):397-405.
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  37. added 2016-06-30
    Baptiste Bedessem & Stéphanie Ruphy (2015). SMT or TOFT? How the Two Main Theories of Carcinogenesis Are Made Incompatible. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (3):257-267.
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  38. added 2016-06-30
    Mehdi Maziane, El Mehdi Lotfi, Khalid Hattaf & Noura Yousfi (2015). Dynamics of a Class of HIV Infection Models with Cure of Infected Cells in Eclipse Stage. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (4):363-380.
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  39. added 2016-06-30
    Jorge Duarte, Carla Rodrigues, Cristina Januário, Nuno Martins & Josep Sardanyés (2015). How Complex, Probable, and Predictable is Genetically Driven Red Queen Chaos? Acta Biotheoretica 63 (4):341-361.
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  40. added 2016-06-30
    A. Tosenberger, N. Bessonov, M. Levin, N. Reinberg, V. Volpert & N. Morozova (2015). A Conceptual Model of Morphogenesis and Regeneration. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (3):283-294.
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  41. added 2016-06-30
    Adrien Basso-Blandin & Franck Delaplace (2015). Towards a Behavioral-Matching Based Compilation of Synthetic Biology Functions. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (3):325-339.
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  42. added 2016-06-30
    Alexis Courbet, Franck Molina & Patrick Amar (2015). Computing with Synthetic Protocells. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (3):309-323.
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  43. added 2016-06-30
    M. Benmir, N. Bessonov, S. Boujena & V. Volpert (2015). Travelling Waves of Cell Differentiation. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (4):381-395.
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  44. added 2016-06-30
    Markus Wild (2014). Kim Sterelny: The Evolved Apprentice: How Evolution Made Humans Unique. Acta Biotheoretica 62 (2):235-240.
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  45. added 2016-06-30
    Armin W. Schulz (2014). P. Hammerstein and J. R. Stevens: ‘Evolution and the Mechanisms of Decision Making’. Acta Biotheoretica 62 (4):527-530.
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  46. added 2016-06-30
    Martin Lockley (2014). Bernd Rosslenbroich: On the Origin of Autonomy: A New Look at the Major Transitions in Evolution. Acta Biotheoretica 62 (4):537-541.
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  47. added 2016-06-30
    Joseph D. Martin (2014). Linnda R. Caporael, James R. Griesemer, and William C. Wimsatt : Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition. [REVIEW] Acta Biotheoretica 62 (4):531-535.
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  48. added 2016-06-30
    James DiFrisco (2014). Hylomorphism and the Metabolic Closure Conception of Life. Acta Biotheoretica 62 (4):499-525.
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  49. added 2016-06-30
    Russell Powell & Carlos Mariscal (2014). George McGhee: Convergent Evolution: Limited Forms Most Beautiful. Acta Biotheoretica 62 (1):115-121.
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  50. added 2016-06-30
    Sara Green (2014). A Philosophical Evaluation of Adaptationism as a Heuristic Strategy. Acta Biotheoretica 62 (4):479-498.
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1 — 50 / 164