Search results for 'Idea' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Richard Dean (2013). Humanity as an Idea, as an Ideal, and as an End in Itself. Kantian Review 18 (2):171-195.score: 18.0
    Kant emphasizes that moral philosophy must be divided into two parts, a metaphysics of morals, and an empirical application to individuals, which Kant calls 'moral anthropology'. But Kant gives humanity (die Menschheit) a prominent role even in the purely rational part of ethics – for example, one formulation of the categorical imperative is a demand to treat humanity as an end in itself. This paper argues that the only concepts of humanity suited to play such a role are the rational (...)
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  2. Douglas Lewis (2007). Spinoza on Having a False Idea. Metaphysica 8 (1):17-27.score: 18.0
    Naturalism pervades Spinoza’s doctrines of The Ethics, but the contours of it often bewilder us. In this light, I consider the account of falsity, or having a false idea, as presented by Spinoza in Proposition thirty_five of the Second Part, its demonstration, and the subsequent note. Based on my interpretation I argue for the claim that his account has coherence and makes sense. Further, I examine the significance of what Spinoza says about falsity for comprehension of his philosophy overall, (...)
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  3. Mladen Turk (2013). Naturalistic Foundations of the Idea of the Holy: Darwinian Roots of Rudolf Otto's Theology. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 12 (35):248-263.score: 18.0
    The very influential theoretical concepts proposed by Rudolf Otto in his 1917 classic The Idea of the Holy are often seen as examples of properly religious content that cannot be approached by any other means except religious. This conclusion is challenged by closer readings of Otto’s writings on naturalism and religion where he, despite of being at times critical of some versions of naturalism, expresses his thorough commitment to naturalist ic explanations. Otto’s views are presented as compatible with recent (...)
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  4. Wangeng Zheng (2010). Tracing the Source of the Idea of Time in Yizhuan. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (1):51-67.score: 18.0
    By examining the propositions “waiting for the proper time to act”, “keeping up with the time”, “accommodating oneself to timeliness”, and “the meaning of a timely mean”, this paper examines the relationship between the idea of time conceived of in Yizhuan 易传 (Commentaries to the Book of Changes ), Zuozhuan 左传 (Annals of Spring and Autumn with Zuo Qiuming’s Commentaries) and Guoyu 国语 (Comments on State Affairs) as well as the related thoughts of Confucianism, Daoism and the Yin-Yang School. (...)
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  5. Zhongjiang Wang (2011). Ultimate Concern, Reflection of Civilization, and the Idea of “Man” in Yin Haiguang. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 6 (4):565-584.score: 18.0
    Yin Haiguang’s investigation and pursuit of the idea of “Man” reflect not merely a limited historical or parochial academic interest, but indeed address an ultimate concern of humanity which transcends any spatio-temporal limitations. In criticizing “modern man” for its faceless and non-self-identical figure, Yin Haiguang brings the conditions, purposes and noble values of humanity to light. His work has extraordinary significance for the highest aims of humanity and civilization.
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  6. Ileana P. Beade (2011). En torno a la idea de educación. Una mirada desde la reflexión pedagógica kantiana. Signos Filosóficos 13 (25):101-120.score: 18.0
    En este artículo haré referencia a una serie de observaciones realizadas en el marco de la reflexión pedagógica kantiana, con el fin de mostrar el carácter fundamental que la idea (o ideal) de educación ha de asumir en todo proyecto pedagógico. La concepción kantiana de una naturaleza humana perfect..
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  7. Gardy Augusto Bolívar Espinoza & Óscar Cuellar Saavedra (2007). Hacia la idea de la “Patria Grande”. Un ensayo para el análisis de las representaciones políticas. Polis 18.score: 18.0
    Se construye el concepto de “representación política constitutivas” como expresión de la “imaginación social y cultural” desde la teoría sociológica contemporánea en sus dimensiones de mito, ideología, utopía o idea. Paralelamente, se propone un ensayo de análisis de la representación de la “Patria Grande” considerada como una “representación social” con pretensiones de universalidad, contradictoria y polisémica, que permite una gran flexibilidad heurística y una variedad de funciones que la hacen operacional a la investigación, pero también, rodeada de una gran (...)
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  8. João Ferreira Dias (2013). Orí O! A ideia de Pessoa, a Problemática do Destino e o Ritual do Bọrí entre os Yorùbás e no Candomblé (Orí O! The Idea of Person, the Problematic of Destiny and the Ritual of Bọrí among the Yorùbá and in Candomblé) - DOI 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2013v11n29p70. [REVIEW] Horizonte 11 (29):70-87.score: 18.0
    O presente artigo pretende analisar a ideia de pessoa entre os yorùbás da África Ocidental, a partir da conceção de orí , i. e., a cabeça, entendida entre eles como portadora de personalidade e destino, ideia amplamente difundida pela literatura sobre a matéria da personalidade humana e sentidos de destino. A partir do orí , adentrar-se-á pela problemática da predestinação entre os yorùbás e o sentido do ritual de alimento à cabeça, o b ọ rí, entre os yorùbás, com referência (...)
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  9. Sietske Kleibeuker, P. Cédric Koolschijn, Dietsje Jolles, Carsten De Dreu & Eveline A. Crone (2013). The Neural Coding of Creative Idea Generation Across Adolescence and Early Adulthood. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:905.score: 18.0
    Creativity is considered key to human prosperity, yet the neurocognitive principles underlying creative performance, and their development, are still poorly understood. To fill this void, we examined the neural correlates of divergent thinking in adults (25-30 yrs) and adolescents (15-17 yrs). Participants generated alternative uses (AU) or ordinary characteristics (OC) for common objects while brain activity was assessed using fMRI. Adults outperformed adolescents on the number of solutions for AU and OC trials. Contrasting neural activity for AU with OC trials (...)
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  10. Jean Hering (1947). Concerning Image, Idea, and Dream (Translation). Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 8 (December):188-205.score: 15.0
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  11. John R. Lampe (1994). The Failure of the Yugoslav National Idea. Studies in East European Thought 46 (1-2):69 - 89.score: 15.0
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  12. Barbara Haverhals (2007). The Normative Foundations of Research-Based Education: Philosophical Notes on the Transformation of the Modern University Idea. Studies in Philosophy and Education 26 (5):419-432.score: 15.0
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  13. Dmitry Shlapentokh (1992). The End of the Russian Idea. Studies in East European Thought 43 (3):199-217.score: 15.0
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  14. Zheng Wangeng (2010). Tracing the Source of the Idea of Time in Yizhuan. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 5 (1):51-67.score: 15.0
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  15. Marinko Lolic (2009). Jaspers' Try of the Rehabilitation of the Idea of University. Filozofija I Drustvo 20 (3):41-59.score: 15.0
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  16. Ashoke Kumar Ganguly (1964). Bradley's Theory of Idea. Calcutta, Progressive Publishers.score: 15.0
     
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  17. Thierry Gontier (2004). Noétique et poièsis :L'idea dans la Theologia platonica de Marsile Ficin. Archives de Philosophie 1:5-22.score: 15.0
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  18. U. -ch'ang Kim (2008). Se Kae Ŭi Tonggŭrami: Maum, Idea, Chigak. Hangilsa.score: 15.0
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  19. Arthur Schopenhauer (1896/1977). The World as Will and Idea. Ams Press.score: 15.0
  20. Gerhard Wilczek (1972). Idea and World. S.N..score: 15.0
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  21. Victoria S. Wike (2014). Kantian Friendship: Duty and Idea. Diametros 39:140-153.score: 14.0
    Kant commentators have recently begun to pay attention to Kant’s account of friendship. They have asked questions, such as: Is his description of friendship consistent and robust and does it provide an account of friendship that satisfies common intuitions and expectations of friendship? Their answers to these questions have often been negative. At the same time, many of these critics share a common understanding of two basic aspects of Kant’s account of friendship. Kant sees friendship as both a duty and (...)
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  22. Fernando Infante Del Rosal (2013). Fiction in Edith Stein's Idea of Empathy. Ideas y Valores 62 (153):137-155.score: 13.0
    RESUMEN En su primera investigación, Edith Stein se propuso definir la esencia de la Einfühlung (empatía) como experiencia de la conciencia ajena; pretendía así fundamentar que, como había indicado Husserl, ese acto abría la posibilidad de una intersubjetividad trascendental como solución al solipsismo de la conciencia. Stein halló la clave de esa esencia en la idea de originariedad, pero intentó evitar el problema de la empatía estética, sirviéndose de Los ídolos del autoconocimiento de Scheler. ABSTRACT In her first research (...)
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  23. Arsenio Ginzo Fernández (2012). Eduard Gans y la idea de Europa. Ingenium. Revista Electrónica de Pensamiento Moderno y Metodología En Historia de la Ideas 6 (6):57-86.score: 13.0
    This article is supposed to be an approximation to Eduard Gans´ conception of Europe, an author considered to be the most prominent disciple of Hegel by a growing number of scholars. In those times, the idea of Europe was a highly topical subject, due to both to the influence of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution, but as well to the development of German idealism. Gans is closely related to these instances and formulates an idea of Europe that (...)
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  24. Wilson Herrera (2013). A constructivist interpretation of the Kantian principle of right and of the idea of the original contract. Ideas Y Valores 62:85-105.score: 13.0
    El propósito central de este artículo es hacer un análisis desde una perspectiva constructivista del concepto de derecho de dos de los principios más importantes de la filosofía política de Kant: el principio del derecho y la idea del contrato original. El texto comienza con una breve exposición de lo que significa el constructivismo kantiano. A continuación se hace un análisis del concepto de derecho y de los atributos que definen a la ciudadanía, a saber: la libertad, la igualdad (...)
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  25. Lionel A. McKenzie (1981). Natural Right and the Emergence of the Idea of Interest in Early Modern Political Thought: Francesco Guicciardini and Jean de Silhon. History of European Ideas 2 (4):277-298.score: 13.0
    Francesco guicciardini rather than niccolo machiavelli was the first significant theorist to consider the role of interest in moral and political life, But the idea of interest rose to normative status because traditional natural law ethics, Which repressed the pursuit of interest in the name of right reason, Was transformed in the early modern period. The transformed version, It is proposed, Legitimized the pursuit of interest by introducing a philosophy of ethical egoism.
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  26. Robert Schroer (2008). Open Your Eyes and Look Harder! (An Investigation Into the Idea of a Responsible Search). Southern Journal of Philosophy 46 (3):409-430.score: 12.0
    In this paper, I explore and defend the idea that we have epistemic responsibilities with respect to our visual searches, responsibilities that are far more fine-grained and interesting than the trivial responsibilities to keep our eyes open and “look hard”. In order to have such responsibilities, we must be able to exert fine-grained and interesting forms of control over our visual searches. I present both an intuitive case and an empirical case for thinking that we do, in fact, have (...)
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  27. Fabienne Peter (2007). Rawls' Idea of Public Reason and Democratic Legitimacy. Journal of International Political Theory 3 (1):129-143.score: 12.0
    Critics and defenders of Rawls' idea of public reason have tended to neglect the relationship between this idea and his conception of democratic legitimacy. I shall argue that Rawls' idea of public reason can be interpreted in two different ways, and that the two interpretations support two different conceptions of legitimacy. What I call the substantive interpretation of Rawls' idea of public reason demands that it applies not just to the process of democratic decision-making, but that (...)
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  28. Sergio Tenenbaum (2012). The Idea of Freedom and Moral Cognition in Groundwork III. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 84 (3):555-589.score: 12.0
    Kant’s views on the relation between freedom and moral law seem to undergo a major, unannounced shift. In the third section of the Groundwork, Kant seems to be using the fact that we must act under the idea of freedom as a foundation for the moral law. However, in the Critique of Practical Reason, Kant claims that our awareness of our freedom depends on our awareness of the moral law. I argue that the apparent conflict between the two texts (...)
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  29. Pauline Kleingeld (1999). Kant, History, and the Idea of Moral Development. History of Philosophy Quarterly 16 (1):59-80.score: 12.0
    I examine the consistency of Kant's notion of moral progress as found in his philosophy of history. To many commentators, Kant's very idea of moral development has seemed inconsistent with basic tenets of his critical philosophy. This idea has seemed incompatible with his claims that the moral law is unconditionally and universally valid, that moral agency is noumenal and atemporal, and that all humans are equally free. Against these charges, I argue not only that Kant's notion of moral (...)
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  30. Paul M. Pietroski & Stephen Crain (2005). Innate Ideas. In James A. McGilvray (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Chomsky. Cambridge. 164--181.score: 12.0
    Here's one way this chapter could go. After defining the terms 'innate' and 'idea', we say whether Chomsky thinks any ideas are innate -- and if so, which ones. Unfortunately, we don't have any theoretically interesting definitions to offer; and, so far as we know, Chomsky has never said that any ideas are innate. Since saying that would make for a very short chapter, we propose to do something else. Our aim is to locate Chomsky, as he locates himself, (...)
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  31. Robert Brandom (2009). Metaphilosophical Reflections on the Idea of Metaphysics. The Harvard Review of Philosophy 16 (1):13-26.score: 12.0
    Metaphilosophical Reflections on the Idea of Metaphysics Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-14 DOI 10.1007/s11406-011-9332-7 Authors Robert Brandom, Philosophy Department, 1001 Cathedral of Learning, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA Journal Philosophia Online ISSN 1574-9274 Print ISSN 0048-3893.
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  32. Tamler Sommers & Alex Rosenberg (2003). Darwin's Nihilistic Idea: Evolution and the Meaninglessness of Life. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 18 (5):653-668.score: 12.0
    No one has expressed the destructive power of Darwinian theory more effectively than Daniel Dennett. Others have recognized that the theory of evolution offers us a universal acid, but Dennett, bless his heart, coined the term. Many have appreciated that the mechanism of random variation and natural selection is a substrate-neutral algorithm that operates at every level of organization from the macromolecular to the mental, at every time scale from the geological epoch to the nanosecond. But it took Dennett to (...)
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  33. John Finnis (2011). Law as Idea, Ideal and Duty. Jurisprudence 1 (2):245-251.score: 12.0
    Law centrally or archetypically is a moral idea, but not so much an ideal as a requirement of justice. Studying it contemplatively, as Simmonds's admirable Law as a Moral Idea does, tends to truncate the investigation of law's moral character and to obscure the extent to which jurisprudence can and should be a critical moral inquiry. The book's virtues—especially its critiques of Hart, Raz and Kramer—outweigh these two objections and the further, lesser objection that the distinctions it draws (...)
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  34. Alexandra Bradner, On the Very Idea of a Style of Reasoning.score: 12.0
    Although Ian Hacking’s meta-concept is frequently applied to historical cases, few theorists have questioned the very idea of a style of reasoning. Hacking himself considers Donald Davidson’s conceptual scheme argument to be the most formidable challenge to the style idea, but Hacking has set up a straw man in Davidson. Beyond Hacking’s own conclusion, that Davidson's narrow concern with meaning incommensurability does not apply to styles, which are not incommensurable in that way, there is the more obvious point (...)
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  35. Stephen P. Stich (ed.) (1975). Innate Ideas. University of California Press.score: 12.0
    Introduction: The Idea oflnnateness Philosophical controversies are notoriously long-lived. And in point of venerability the controversy around innate ideas ...
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  36. John B. Brough (2008). Consciousness is Not a Bag: Immanence, Transcendence, and Constitution in the Idea of Phenomenology. [REVIEW] Husserl Studies 24 (3):177-191.score: 12.0
    A fruitful way to approach The Idea of Phenomenology is through Husserl’s claim that consciousness is not a bag, box, or any other kind of container. The bag conception, which dominated much of modern philosophy, is rooted in the idea that philosophy is restricted to investigating only what is really immanent to consciousness, such as acts and sensory contents. On this view, what Husserl called the riddle of transcendence can never be solved. The phenomenological reduction, as Husserl develops (...)
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  37. Ruth Abbey & Douglas J. Den Uyl (2001). The Chief Inducement? The Idea of Marriage as Friendship. Journal of Applied Philosophy 18 (1):37–52.score: 12.0
    A combination of social forces has thrown marriage into question in westernised societies at the end of the millennium. This uncertainty creates space for new ways of thinking about marriage. In this context, we examine the idea of marriage as friendship. We trace its genealogy in the work of Mary Wollstonecraft, John Stuart Mill and Harriet Taylor and then subject it to critical scrutiny using some of Michel de Montaigne’s ideas. We ask how applic- able the ideal of higher (...)
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  38. Daniel C. Dennett, Errors in Darwin's Dangerous Idea.score: 12.0
    As of January 25, 2006, readers have identified the following errors in Darwin's Dangerous Idea. (I have considered other criticisms offered by readers, but decided that they were in error. Further criticisms are, of course, invited.).
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  39. John Haugeland (1985). Artificial Intelligence: The Very Idea. Cambridge: Mit Press.score: 12.0
    The idea that human thinking and machine computing are "radically the same" provides the central theme for this marvelously lucid and witty book on...
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  40. Chris Buskes (2013). Darwinism Extended: A Survey of How the Idea of Cultural Evolution Evolved. Philosophia 41 (3):661-691.score: 12.0
    In the past 150 years there have been many attempts to draw parallels between cultural and biological evolution. Most of these attempts were flawed due to lack of knowledge and false ideas about evolution. In recent decades these shortcomings have been cleared away, thus triggering a renewed interest in the subject. This paper offers a critical survey of the main issues and arguments in that discussion. The paper starts with an explication of the Darwinian algorithm of evolution. It is argued (...)
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  41. Nicholas Maxwell (2009). An Idea to Save the World. Sublime (17):90-93.score: 12.0
    Here is an idea that just might save the world. It is that science, properly understood, provides us with the methodological key to the salvation of humanity.
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  42. Åsa Carlson (2009). There Is Just One Idea of Self in Hume's Treatise. Hume Studies 35 (1-2):171-184.score: 12.0
    Hume’s mysterious words, “we must distinguish betwixt personal identity, as it regards our thought or imagination, and as it regards our passions or the concern we take in ourselves” have been the focus of a variety of different interpretations, some more creative than others. But the solution to this interpretative problem is indeed very simple, too simple to occur to most readers. What Hume has in mind is actually nothing but the different ways association works with regard to, on the (...)
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  43. Peter Millican, Hume's Idea of Necessary Connexion: Of What is It the Idea?score: 12.0
    I advance what might be thought a paradoxical thesis: that the central topic of Hume’s long discussions “Of the Idea of Necessary Connexion” is not, in fact, the idea of necessary connexion. However it is not as paradoxical as it first appears, for I shall claim that the “idea” whose origin Hume seeks is, in a sense, an idea-type of which the specific idea of necessary connexion is but one instance. Various lines of evidence support (...)
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  44. Gerard Delanty (1998). The Idea of the University in the Global Era: From Knowledge as an End to the End of Knowledge? Social Epistemology 12 (1):3 – 25.score: 12.0
    (1998). The idea of the university in the global era: From knowledge as an end to the end of knowledge? Social Epistemology: Vol. 12, Sites of Knowledge Production: The University, pp. 3-25. doi: 10.1080/02691729808578856.
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  45. Hallvard Lillehammer (2003). The Idea of a Normative Reason. In P. Schaber & R. Huntelmann (eds.), Grundlagen der Ethik. 41--65.score: 12.0
    Recent work in English speaking moral philosophy has seen the rise to prominence of the idea of a normative reason1. By ‘normative reasons’ I mean the reasons agents appeal to in making rational claims on each other. Normative reasons are good reasons on which agents ought to act, even if they are not actually motivated accordingly2. To this extent, normative reasons are distinguishable from the motivating reasons agents appeal to in reason explanations. Even agents who fail to act on (...)
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  46. Pedro Amaral, Humanities and the Idea of a Person in the 22nd Century: Kant, Descartes, Sellars.score: 12.0
    Science starts out with the idea of a person as billions of neurons housed in a body that is a cloud of particles. Common sense starts out with the idea of a person having capacities belonging to a single individual. The common sense person does not have parts. Our objectifying science slowly takes over the person as it tends toward physical materialism. Where will it end? What is being gradually pushed out of the world? If science had already (...)
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  47. Alex Rosenberg (2003). Darwin's Nihilistic Idea: Evolution and the Meaninglessness of Life. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 18 (5):653-668.score: 12.0
    No one has expressed the destructive power of Darwinian theory more effectively than Daniel Dennett. Others have recognized that the theory of evolution offers us a universal acid, but Dennett, bless his heart, coined the term. Many have appreciated that the mechanism of random variation and natural selection is a substrate-neutral algorithm that operates at every level of organization from the macromolecular to the mental, at every time scale from the geological epoch to the nanosecond. But it took Dennett to (...)
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  48. Timothy Chappell (2011). Glory as an Ethical Idea. Philosophical Investigations 34 (2):105-134.score: 12.0
    There is a gap between what we think and what we think we think about ethics. This gap appears when elements of our ethical reflection and our moral theories contradict each other. It also appears when something that is important in our ethical reflection is sidelined in our moral theories. The gap appears in both ways with the ethical idea glory. The present exploration of this idea is a case study of how far actual ethical reflection diverges from (...)
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  49. James Turner Johnson (2006). The Just War Idea: The State of the Question. Social Philosophy and Policy 23 (1):167-195.score: 12.0
    This essay explores the idea of just war in two ways. Part I outlines the formation, early development, and substantive content of just war tradition in its classic form, sketches the subsequent development of this idea in the modern period, and examines three benchmarks in the recovery of just war thinking in American thought over the last four decades. Part II identifies and critiques several prominent themes in contemporary just war discourse, testing them against the context, purpose, and (...)
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  50. Tapio Puolimatka (2008). Max Scheler and the Idea of a Well Rounded Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 40 (3):362–382.score: 12.0
    The German philosopher Max Scheler defines the human person as a value-oriented act structure. Since a person is ideally a free being with open possibilities, the aim of education is to help human beings develop their potential in various directions. At the centre of Scheler's educational philosophy is the idea of all-round education, which aims towards a developed capacity for assessment, an ability to make choices and an ability to focus on the objective nature of things.
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