Results for 'Donald E. Campbell'

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  1.  2
    Incentives: Motivation and the Economics of Information.Donald E. Campbell - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book, first published in 2006, examines the incentives at work in a wide range of institutions to see how and how well coordination is achieved by informing and motivating individual decision makers. The book examines the performance of agents hired to carry out specific tasks, from taxi drivers to CEOs. It investigates the performance of institutions, from voting schemes to kidney transplants, to see if they enhance general well being. The book examines a broad range of market transactions, from (...)
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  2. Resource Allocation Mechanisms.Donald E. Campbell - 1987 - Cambridge University Press.
    Resource Allocation Mechanisms derives the general welfare properties of systems in which individuals are motivated by self-interest. Satisfactory outcomes will emerge only if individual incentives are harnessed by means of a communication and payoff process, or mechanism, involving every agent. Professor Campbell employs a formal and abstract model of a mechanism that brings into prominence the criteria by which the performance of an economy is to be judged. The mechanism approach is used to prove some fundamental theorems about the (...)
     
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  3.  39
    Some Strategic Properties of Plurality and Majority Voting.Donald E. Campbell - 1981 - Theory and Decision 13 (2):93-107.
  4.  27
    On the Derivation of Majority Rule.Donald E. Campbell - 1982 - Theory and Decision 14 (2):133-140.
  5.  27
    Independent Social Choice Correspondences.Donald E. Campbell & Jerry S. Kelly - 1996 - Theory and Decision 41 (1):1-11.
  6.  38
    Rationality From a Computational Standpoint.Donald E. Campbell - 1978 - Theory and Decision 9 (3):255-266.
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  7.  31
    Manipulation of Social Choice Rules by Strategic Nomination of Candidates.Donald E. Campbell - 1979 - Theory and Decision 10 (1-4):247-263.
  8.  27
    Anonymity Conditions in Social Choice Theory.Donald E. Campbell & Peter C. Fishburn - 1980 - Theory and Decision 12 (1):21-39.
  9.  5
    Methodology and Epistemology for Social Science: Selected Papers. Donald T. Campbell, E. Samuel Overman.Stephen Turner - 1989 - Isis 80 (4):739-740.
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  10.  2
    Methodology and Epistemology for Social Science: Selected Papers. Donald T. Campbell , E. Samuel Overman. [REVIEW]Stephen Turner - 1989 - Isis 80:739-740.
  11. E. G. Boring's Philosophy of Science.Edward H. Madden - 1965 - Philosophy of Science 32 (2):194-201.
    Professor Boring is best known for his work in the history of psychology and for good reason: his History of Experimental Psychology and his Sensation and Perception in the History of Experimental Psychology are truly impressive works. However, he has also written numerous articles in the philosophy of science, the psychology of scientific discovery, and the sociology of scientific production, but unfortunately this material has not heretofore been readily accessible. This deficiency, however, has been corrected efficiently by the recent publication (...)
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  12.  50
    Action, Ethics, and Responsibility.Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & Harry Silverstein (eds.) - 2010 - Bradford.
    Most philosophical explorations of responsibility discuss the topic solely in terms of metaphysics and the "free will" problem. By contrast, these essays by leading philosophers view responsibility from a variety of perspectives -- metaphysics, ethics, action theory, and the philosophy of law. After a broad, framing introduction by the volume's editors, the contributors consider such subjects as responsibility as it relates to the "free will" problem; the relation between responsibility and knowledge or ignorance; the relation between causal and moral responsibility; (...)
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  13.  99
    The Philosophy of Donald T. Campbell: A Short Review and Critical Appraisal. [REVIEW]Franz M. Wuketits - 2001 - Biology and Philosophy 16 (2):171-188.
    Aside from his remarkable studies in psychology and the social sciences, Donald Thomas Campbell (1916–1996) made significant contributions to philosophy, particularly philosophy of science,epistemology, and ethics. His name and his work are inseparably linked with the evolutionary approach to explaining human knowledge (evolutionary epistemology). He was an indefatigable supporter of the naturalistic turn in philosophy and has strongly influenced the discussion of moral issues (evolutionary ethics). The aim of this paper is to briefly characterize Campbells work and to (...)
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  14. Donald T. Campbell DT Selection of Organization at the Social Level: Obstacles and Facilitators of Metasystem Transitions.F. Heylighen - forthcoming - World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution": Special Issue on" the Quantum of Evolution: Toward a Theory of Metaystem Transitions", F. Heylighen, C. Joslyn, V. Turchin (Eds.).
     
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  15.  30
    The Maltese Cross: A New Simplistic Model for Memory.Donald E. Broadbent - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (1):55-68.
    This paper puts forward a general framework for thought about human information processing. It is intended to avoid some of the problems of pipeline or stage models of function. At the same time it avoids the snare of supposing a welter of indefinitely many separate processes. The approach is not particularly original, but rather represents the common elements or presuppositions in a number of modern theories. These presuppositions are not usually explicit, however, and making them so reduces the danger of (...)
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  16.  15
    Selective and Control Processes.Donald E. Broadbent - 1981 - Cognition 10 (1-3):53-58.
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  17.  73
    The Logic of Medical Diagnosis.Donald E. Stanley & Daniel G. Campos - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (2):300-315.
  18.  10
    Strategies in Abduction: Generating and Selecting Diagnostic Hypotheses.Donald E. Stanley & Rune Nyrup - 2020 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 45 (2):159-178.
    We distinguish three aspects of medical diagnosis: generating new diagnostic hypotheses, selecting hypotheses for further pursuit, and evaluating their probability in light of the available evidence. Drawing on Peirce’s account of abduction, we argue that hypothesis generation is amenable to normative analysis: physicians need to make good decisions about when and how to generate new diagnostic hypothesis as well as when to stop. The intertwining relationship between the generation and selection of diagnostic hypotheses is illustrated through the analysis of a (...)
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  19.  8
    Limited Dispersal Between Dialects?: Hypotheses Testable in the Field.Donald E. Kroodsma - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (1):108-109.
  20.  2
    Fair Opportunity and Responsibility: By David O. Brink, OUP, 2021, 448 Pp, £35 (Hardback), ISBN: 9780198859468.David E. Campbell - 2022 - Jurisprudence 13 (2):310-315.
    David Brink’s new book, Fair Opportunity and Responsibility delivers an important and erudite contribution to the under theorised notion of ‘fair opportunity’ in our culpability determinations. Bri...
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  21.  8
    An Analysis of Alpha-Beta Pruning.Donald E. Knuth & Ronald W. Moore - 1975 - Artificial Intelligence 6 (4):293-326.
  22.  11
    Medical Reasoning and Doctor‐Patient Communication.Donald E. Stanley & Scott R. Sehon - 2019 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 25 (6):962-969.
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  23.  22
    Two Modes of Learning for Interactive Tasks.Neil A. Hayes & Donald E. Broadbent - 1988 - Cognition 28 (3):249-276.
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  24.  47
    Individualist Economic Values and Self-Interest: The Problem in the Puritan Ethic. [REVIEW]Donald E. Frey - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (14):1573-1580.
    The Puritan ethic is conventionally interpreted as a set of individualistic values that encourage a degree of self-interest inimical to the good of organizations and society. A closer reading of original Puritan moralists reveals a different ethic. Puritan moralists simultaneously legitimated economic individualism while urging individuals to work for the common good. They contrasted self-interest and the common good, which they understood to be the sinful and moral ends, respectively, of economic individualism. This polarity can be found in all the (...)
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  25.  23
    The Chronology of the Amarna Letters, with Special Reference to the Hypothetical Coregency of Amenophis III and Akhenaten.Donald B. Redford & Edward Fay Campbell - 1967 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 87 (4):650.
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  26. Hume's Dialogue IX Defended.Donald E. Stahl - 1984 - Philosophical Quarterly 34 (137):505-507.
  27. Selection of Organization at the Social Level: Obstacles and Facilitators of Metasystem Transitions.Heylighen Francis & T. Campbell Donald - 1995 - World Futures: The Journal of General Evolution 45:181-212.
     
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  28. Antweiler, Christoph. 2016. Our Common Denominator: Human Universals Revisited. [REVIEW]Donald E. Brown - 2017 - Evolutionary Studies in Imaginative Culture 1 (1):213-216.
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  29.  58
    Fairness, Feelings, and Ethical Decision- Making: Consequences of Violating Community Standards of Fairness. [REVIEW]Maurice E. Schweitzer & Donald E. Gibson - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (3):287 - 301.
    In this article, we describe the influence of violations of community standards of fairness (Kahneman, Knetsch, and Thaler, 1986a) on subsequent ethical decision-making and emotions. Across two studies, we manipulated explanations for a common action, and we find that explanations that violate community standards of fairness (e.g., by taking advantage of an in crease in market power) lead to greater intentions to behave unethically than explanations that are consistent with community standards of fairness (e.g., by passing along a price increase). (...)
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  30.  10
    National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control.Donald E. Benken, Meredith S. Reynolds & Alicia S. Hunter - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (s1):5-6.
    The National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control was conceived by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a strategic conference to review the current status of legal preparedness for obesity prevention and control, identify potential gaps, and develop specific action options for improving the contribution law can make to reduce the health threat posed by obesity. Working with the collaborating partners and planning committe, the host committe planned and modeled after the Summit CDC’s 2007 conference (...)
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  31.  25
    A Refutation of Physicalism.Donald E. Geels - 1975 - Idealistic Studies 5 (1):70-89.
    Throughout the philosophical tradition there usually have been those philosophers who have either denied the existence of mental entities outright, or else have claimed that they were, in some sense, reducible to physical entities. And, on this score, the twentieth century has been no exception. In the last twenty or so years, the various denials of the existence of mental entities have taken three distinct forms. First, there is the sort of behaviorism advocated by Quine and Ryle. Second, there is (...)
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  32.  7
    Attitudes of Healthcare Professionals and Parents Regarding Genetic Testing for Violent Traits in Childhood.E. Campbell & L. F. Ross - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (6):580-586.
    Objectives: Although no genetic tests for violent behaviour are currently available, research is ongoing to isolate genes related to a propensity for violence. We explored the attitudes of parents and healthcare professionals toward behavioural genetic testing for violence.Design: The attitudes of healthcare professionals and the lay public about genetic testing of children were elicited for a range of conditions through interviews with healthcare professionals and focus groups with parents. All participants were informed that behavioural genetic testing was the only hypothetical (...)
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  33.  7
    Patriarchy, Lentricchia, and Male Feminization.Donald E. Pease - 1988 - Critical Inquiry 14 (2):379-385.
    So Lentricchia has fulfilled one of his purposes in this essay. He has subverted the patriarchy from within: that is, he has subverted Bloom’s literary history as well as the essentialist feminism associated with it. But he has not fulfilled his affiliated purpose of establishing a dialogue between feminists and feminized males. The “feminization” of literary studies by patriarchal figures like Bloom does not account for the feminization of Stoddard, Gilder, Van Dyke, Woodberry, or Stedman. Their feminization, like that of (...)
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  34.  57
    Educational Neuroscience: Motivations, Methodology, and Implications.Kathryn E. Patten & Stephen R. Campbell - 2011 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (1):7-16.
    ‘What does the brain have to do with learning?’Prima facie, this may seem like a strange thing for anyone to say, especially educational scholars, researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. There are, however, valid objections to injecting various and sundry neuroscientific considerations piecemeal into the vast field of education. These objections exist in a variety of dimensions. After providing a working definition for educational neuroscience, identifying the ‘mindbrain’ as the proper object of study thereof, I discuss, dispel or dismiss some of (...)
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  35.  11
    Selection Theory and Social Construction: The Evolutionary Naturalistic Epistemology of Donald T. Campbell.Cecilia Heyes & David L. Hull (eds.) - 2001 - State University of New York Press.
    Top scholars examine the work of Donald T. Campbell, one of the first to emphasize the social structure of science.
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  36. Abstract Universes and Quantifying In.Donald E. Stahl - 1986 - Philosophia 16 (3-4):333-344.
    Philosophia (Israel), 16(3-4), 333 - 344. YEAR: 1986 Extensive corrigenda Vol. 17, no. 3. -/- SUBJECT(S): Quine's second thoughts on quantifying in, appearing in the second, revised edition of _From a Logical Point of View_ of 1961, are shown to be incorrect. His original thoughts were correct. ABSTRACT: Additional tumult is supplied to pp. 152-154 of _From A Logical Point of View_, showing that being dated is no guarantee of being right. Among other things, it is shown that Quine's argument (...)
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  37.  7
    National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control.Donald E. Benken, Meredith S. Reynolds & Alicia S. Hunter - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (s1):5-6.
    The National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control was conceived by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a strategic conference to review the current status of legal preparedness for obesity prevention and control, identify potential gaps, and develop specific action options for improving the contribution law can make to reduce the health threat posed by obesity. Working with the collaborating partners and planning committe, the host committe planned and modeled after the Summit CDC’s 2007 conference (...)
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  38.  25
    A Tribute to Donald T. Campbell.Cecilia M. Heyes - 1997 - Biology and Philosophy 12 (3):299-301.
  39.  26
    Stripped Away: Some Contemporary Obscurities Surrounding Metaphysics Z 3 (1029a10-26).Donald E. Stahl - 1981 - Phronesis 26 (2):177-180.
  40.  28
    Against Judicial Supremacy in Constitutional Interpretation.Donald E. Bello Hutt - 2017 - Revus 31.
    Rejecting judicial supremacy in constitutional interpretation, this paper argues that understanding the interpretation of constitutions to be a solely legal and judicial undertaking excludes citizens from such activity. The paper proffers a two-pronged classification of analyses of constitutional interpretation. Implicit accounts discuss interpretation without reflecting on whether such activity can or should be performed by non-judicial institutions as well. Explicit accounts ask whether interpretation of constitutions is a matter to be dealt with by courts and answer affirmatively. I criticise both (...)
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  41. Paul Tillich's Perspectives on Ways of Relating Science and Religion.Donald E. Arther - 2001 - Zygon 36 (2):261-267.
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  42.  9
    The Logic of Medical Diagnosis: Generating and Selecting Hypotheses.Donald E. Stanley & Donald Stanley - 2019 - Topoi 38 (2):437-446.
    Clinical diagnostic medicine is an experimental science based on observation, hypothesis making, and testing. It is an use dynamic process that involves observation and summary, diagnostic conjectures, testing, review, observation and summary, new or revised conjectures, i.e. it is an iterative process. It can then be said that diagnostic hypotheses are also ‘observation-laden’. My aim is to enlarge on the strategies of medical diagnosis as these are meshed in training and clinical experience—that is, to describe the patterns of reasoning used (...)
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  43. Book Review: Go Out and Meet God: A Commentary on the Book of Exodus ; ExodusGo Out and Meet God: A Commentary on the Book of Exodus, by AshbyGodfrey W. ITC. Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, 1998. 146 Pp. $16.00. ISBN 0-8028-4332-8. ; Exodus, by JanzenJ. Gerald Westminster Bible Commentary. Westminster John Knox, Louisville, 1997. 275 Pp. $18.00. ISBN 0-664-25255-9. [REVIEW]Donald E. Gowan - 1999 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 53 (1):81-82.
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  44.  6
    Fairness, Feelings, and Ethical Decision- Making: Consequences of Violating Community Standards of Fairness.Maurice E. Schweitzer & Donald E. Gibson - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (3):287-301.
    In this article, we describe the influence of violations of community standards of fairness on subsequent ethical decision-making and emotions. Across two studies, we manipulated explanations for a common action, and we find that explanations that violate community standards of fairness lead to greater intentions to behave unethically than explanations that are consistent with community standards of fairness. We find that perceptions of justifiability mediate this relationship. We also find that individuals derive significant psychological benefits from engaging in unethical behavior (...)
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  45.  67
    Racism and Philosophy.Susan E. Babbitt & Sue Campbell (eds.) - 1999 - Cornell University Press.
    By definitively establishing that racism has broad implications for how the entire field of philosophy is practiced -- and by whom -- this powerful and ...
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  46.  25
    Cravings for Deliverance by Schulte Paul.Donald E. Stanley - 2015 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 51 (3):393-394.
    William James, like his father before him, devoted much attention to religion. He defended the human desire to have faith in something, or some being, whose existence could not be empirically defended. Faith generated a feeling of ease and peacefulness, and therefore could be considered a moral good. In The Varieties of Religious Experience James argued that faith could be discovered and enacted in unconventional ways.Mr. Schulte has redefined James’s thesis to support Alcoholic Anonymous 3rd edition. He claims that James (...)
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  47.  11
    The Indus Civilization.Donald E. McCown & Mortimer Wheeler - 1954 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 74 (3):176.
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  48.  5
    Precision Medicine and Diseases as Natural Kinds: An Epistemological Dilemma.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Donald E. Stanley - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
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  49.  34
    Goldman on What Justifies Belief.Donald E. Stahl - 1982 - Analysis 42 (3):146 - 149.
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  50. O'Hara, Daniel T. The Romance of Interpretation: Visionary Criticism From Pater To Deman.Donald E. Pease - 1987 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 46 (1):91-93.
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