Results for 'J. Estill Alexander'

997 found
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  1.  83
    Symposium on J.-L. Dessalles’s Why We Talk : Precis by J.-L. Dessalles, Commentaries by E. Machery, F. Cowie, and J. Alexander, Replies by J.-L. Dessalles. [REVIEW]Edouard Machery, Jean-Louis Dessalles, Fiona Cowie & Jason Alexander - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (5):851-901.
    This symposium discusses J.-L. Dessalles's account of the evolution of language, which was presented in Why we Talk (OUP 2007).
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  2.  7
    Alexander und Aegypten. Von Victor Ehrenberg. Pp. 59. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung, 1926. Rmk. 2.00.G. M. J. - 1926 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 46 (2):282-283.
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  3.  25
    Book Review Section 4. [REVIEW]Sangchul Kang, Joseph Procaccini, Malcolm B. Campbell, Vincent M. Battle, Rolland Paulston, J. Estill Alexander, C. Edward Dyer, Victor F. Hoffman, Henry M. Levin, David L. Passmore, Richard D. Heyman, Jess G. Enns & Michael Fleming - 1974 - Educational Studies 5 (4):269-282.
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  4.  21
    Book Reviews Section 3.Roger R. Woock, Macauley Jr, John M. Beck, Janice F. Weaver, Patti Mcgill Peterson, Stanley L. Goldstein, A. Richard King, Don E. Post, Faustine C. Jones, Edward H. Berman, Thomas O. Monahan, William R. Hazard, J. Estill Alexander, William D. Page, Daniel S. Parkinson, Richard O. Dalbey, Frances J. Nesmith, William Rosenfield, Verne Keenan, Robert Girvan & Robert Gallacher - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (2):84-99.
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  5.  8
    Book Review: Isaiah 1-39, by J. Yeoman Muckle. The Epworth Preacher's Commentaries. The Epworth Press, London, 1960, XII + 136 Pp. $2.75; Isaiah 40-66, by S. Clive Thexton. The Epworth Preacher's Commentaries. The Epworth Press, London, 1959. XIV + 160 Pp. $2.75. [REVIEW]J. D. Alexander - 1961 - Interpretation 15 (2):207-208.
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  6.  29
    Index of Names Abbarno, J., 122n, 128 Abetti, G., 184n, 202 Achterhuis, H., 37.R. Ackermann, G. Aichholzer, J. Alexander, T. J. Allen, H. Arendt, J. M. Atienza & Atting Tw - 2005 - In Wenceslao J. González (ed.), Science, Technology and Society: A Philosophical Perspective. Netbiblo.
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  7.  12
    De Administrando Imperio. Constantine Porphyrogenitus, F. Dvornik, R. J. H. Jenkins, B. Lewis, Gy. Moravcsik, D. Obolensky, S. Runciman. [REVIEW]Paul J. Alexander - 1964 - Speculum 39 (3):558-561.
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  8.  8
    Alexander the Great. By Ulrich Wilcken. Translated by G. C. Richards. Pp. Viii + 337; 1 Plate, 1 Map. London: Chatto and Windus. 1932. 15s. [REVIEW]G. M. J. - 1933 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 53 (1):143-143.
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  9.  5
    Alexander the Great and the Unity of Mankind. By W. W. Tarn. Pp. 46. London: Humphrey Milford, 1933. 2s. 6d.G. M. J. - 1933 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 53 (2):321-322.
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  10.  43
    The Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, by J. E. C. Welldon. [REVIEW]S. Alexander - 1893 - Ethics 4:123.
  11.  66
    Book Review:Authoritarianism and the Individual. Harold W. Metz, Charles A. H. Thompson; The Authoritarian Personality. T. W. Adorno, Else Frenkel-Brunswik, Daniel J. Levinson, R. Nevitt Sanford. [REVIEW]Franz Alexander - 1950 - Ethics 61 (1):76-.
  12.  21
    J. A. W. Bennett. Poetry of the Passion: Studies in Twelve Centuries of English Verse. Pp. 240. £17.50. [REVIEW]Michael Alexander - 1982 - Religious Studies 18 (4):547.
  13.  14
    Notes on the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle.J. A. StewartThe Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle.J. E. C. Welldon.S. Alexander - 1893 - International Journal of Ethics 4 (1):123-126.
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  14.  11
    Introduction a Kierkegaard.Les Doctrines Existentialistes de Kierkegaard a J.-P. Sartre.Ian W. Alexander & Regis Jolivet - 1950 - Philosophical Quarterly 1 (1):79.
  15.  13
    Symposium on J.-L. Dessalles's Why We Talk.Jean-Louis Dessalles, Edouard Machery, Fiona Cowie & Jason Mckenzie Alexander - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (5).
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  16.  18
    French Free-Thought From Gassendi to Voltaire. By J. S. Spink. (University of London, The Athlone Press, 1960. Pp. Ix + 345. Price 50s.). [REVIEW]Ian W. Alexander - 1962 - Philosophy 37 (142):369-.
  17. Robert Deshman, The Benedictional of Æthelwold. (Studies in Manuscript Illumination, 9.) Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1995. Pp. Xxiii, 287 Plus 35 Color Plates and 213 Black-and-White Figures; 4 Text Figures. $99.50. [REVIEW]Jonathan Alexander - 1998 - Speculum 73 (1):168-170.
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  18. CHAUDHURY, P. J. -The Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]P. Alexander - 1956 - Mind 65:567.
  19. J. Roycè, The Religious Aspect of Philosophy. [REVIEW]S. Alexander - 1885 - Mind 10:599.
     
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  20. J. S. Mackenzie, An Introduction to Social Philosophy. [REVIEW]S. Alexander - 1891 - Mind 16:114.
  21. SMART, J. J. C. - "Philosophy and Scientific Realism". [REVIEW]P. Alexander - 1966 - Mind 75:442.
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  22. YOUNG, J. Z. -Doubt and Certinty in Science. [REVIEW]H. G. Alexander - 1952 - Mind 61:423.
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  23.  46
    Crime and Culpability: A Theory of Criminal Law.Larry Alexander, Kimberly Kessler Ferzan & Stephen J. Morse - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents a comprehensive overview of what the criminal law would look like if organised around the principle that those who deserve punishment should receive punishment commensurate with, but no greater than, that which they deserve. Larry Alexander and Kimberly Kessler Ferzan argue that desert is a function of the actor's culpability, and that culpability is a function of the risks of harm to protected interests that the actor believes he is imposing and his reasons for acting in (...)
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  24.  33
    Learning to Signal in a Dynamic World.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):797-820.
    Sender–receiver games, first introduced by David Lewis ([1969]), have received increased attention in recent years as a formal model for the emergence of communication. Skyrms ([2010]) showed that simple models of reinforcement learning often succeed in forming efficient, albeit not necessarily minimal, signalling systems for a large family of games. Later, Alexander et al. ([2012]) showed that reinforcement learning, combined with forgetting, frequently produced both efficient and minimal signalling systems. In this article, I define a ‘dynamic’ sender–receiver game in (...)
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  25.  76
    Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins.Denis R. Alexander & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.) - 2010 - University of Chicago Press.
    Over the course of human history, the sciences, and biology in particular, have often been manipulated to cause immense human suffering. For example, biology has been used to justify eugenic programs, forced sterilization, human experimentation, and death camps—all in an attempt to support notions of racial superiority. By investigating the past, the contributors to _Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins_ hope to better prepare us to discern ideological abuse of science when it occurs in the future. Denis R. (...) and Ronald L. Numbers bring together fourteen experts to examine the varied ways science has been used and abused for nonscientific purposes from the fifteenth century to the present day. Featuring an essay on eugenics from Edward J. Larson and an examination of the progress of evolution by Michael J. Ruse, _Biology and Ideology_ examines uses both benign and sinister, ultimately reminding us that ideological extrapolation continues today. An accessible survey, this collection will enlighten historians of science, their students, practicing scientists, and anyone interested in the relationship between science and culture. (shrink)
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  26.  9
    Kierkegaard and Radical Discipleship: A New Perspective. [REVIEW]T. J. - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (3):568-568.
    By pointing out parallels between Kierkegaard's thought and that of the eighteenth century "Dunkers," the author seeks to offer a case for twentieth century "Neo-Sectarianism." As he points out, "S. K. would be listened to where Menno Simons and Alexander Mock would not." Eller leaves no doubt of his devotion to Kierkegaard studies, pointing out on the dedication page that he has named one of his sons Enten Eller--a phrase which in Danish means "Either/or" and which was the title (...)
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  27.  4
    Watergate as Democratic Ritual.Jeffrey Alexander, Grigory Olkhovikov & Dmitry Kurakin - 2012 - Russian Sociological Review 11 (3):77-104.
    The paper promotes a cultural sociological analysis of one of the most significant and hard-to-explain events in American history when the initial act of breaking and entering into the Democratic Party headquarters at the Watergate Hotel first didn't attract any substantial attention of contemporaries but later initiated a widespread political crisis. J. Alexander considers the dynamics, mechanisms and consequences of the event and its public resonance, building an explanatory model based on his cultural sociological theory. This model allows to (...)
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  28.  3
    Space, Time and Deity.J. A. Leighton & S. Alexander - 1921 - Philosophical Review 30 (3):282.
  29. The Meaning of "Motive".J. H. Muirhead, J. S. Mackenzie, S. Alexander & David G. Ritchie - 1894 - International Journal of Ethics 4 (2):229-238.
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  30.  34
    The Meaning of "Motive".J. H. Muirhead, J. S. Mackenzie, S. Alexander & David G. Ritchie - 1894 - International Journal of Ethics 4 (2):229-238.
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  31.  28
    The Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the Western Philosophical Association.E. H. Hollands, R. W. Sellars, A. W. Moore, B. H. Bode, E. S. Ames, G. D. Walcott, Edwin D. Starbuck, J. M. Mecklin, H. B. Alexander, V. T. Thayer, R. C. Lodge, Ellsworth Faris & Edward L. Schaub - 1917 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 14 (15):403-414.
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  32. Social Deliberation: Nash, Bayes, and the Partial Vindication of Gabriele Tarde.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2009 - Episteme 6 (2):164-184.
    At the very end of the 19th century, Gabriele Tarde wrote that all society was a product of imitation and innovation. This view regarding the development of society has, to a large extent, fallen out of favour, and especially so in those areas where the rational actor model looms large. I argue that this is unfortunate, as models of imitative learning, in some cases, agree better with what people actually do than more sophisticated models of learning. In this paper, I (...)
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  33. Follow the Leader: Local Interactions with Influence Neighborhoods.Peter Vanderschraaf & J. McKenzie Alexander - unknown
  34. The Problem of Respecting Higher-Order Doubt.David J. Alexander - 2013 - Philosophers' Imprint 13.
    This paper argues that higher-order doubt generates an epistemic dilemma. One has a higher-order doubt with regards to P insofar as one justifiably withholds belief as to what attitude towards P is justified. That is, one justifiably withholds belief as to whether one is justified in believing, disbelieving, or withholding belief in P. Using the resources provided by Richard Feldman’s recent discussion of how to respect one’s evidence, I argue that if one has a higher-order doubt with regards to P, (...)
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  35. Preferential Attachment and the Search for Successful Theories.J. McKenzie Alexander - unknown
    Multiarm bandit problems have been used to model the selection of competing scientific theories by boundedly rational agents. In this paper, I define a variable-arm bandit problem, which allows the set of scientific theories to vary over time. I show that Roth-Erev reinforcement learning, which solves multiarm bandit problems in the limit, cannot solve this problem in a reasonable time. However, social learning via preferential attachment combined with individual reinforcement learning which discounts the past, does.
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  36. Evolutionary Explanations of Distributive Justice.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):490-516.
    Evolutionary game theoretic accounts of justice attempt to explain our willingness to follow certain principles of justice by appealing to robustness properties possessed by those principles. Skyrms (1996) offers one sketch of how such an account might go for divide-the-dollar, the simplest version of the Nash bargaining game, using the replicator dynamics of Taylor and Jonker (1978). In a recent article, D'Arms et al. (1998) criticize his account and describe a model which, they allege, undermines his theory. I sketch a (...)
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  37. Why the Angels Cannot Choose.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):619 - 640.
    Decision theory faces a number of problematic gambles which challenge it to say what value an ideal rational agent should assign to the gamble, and why. Yet little attention has been devoted to the question of what an ideal rational agent is, and in what sense decision theory may be said to apply to one. I show that, given one arguably natural set of constraints on the preferences of an idealized rational agent, such an agent is forced to be indifferent (...)
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  38.  18
    Critical Reflections on `Reflexive Modernization'.J. C. Alexander - 1996 - Theory, Culture and Society 13 (4):133-138.
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  39. Expectations and Choiceworthiness.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2011 - Mind 120 (479):803-817.
    The Pasadena game is an example of a decision problem which lacks an expected value, as traditionally conceived. Easwaran (2008) has shown that, if we distinguish between two different kinds of expectations, which he calls ‘strong’ and ‘weak’, the Pasadena game lacks a strong expectation but has a weak expectation. Furthermore, he argues that we should use the weak expectation as providing a measure of the value of an individual play of the Pasadena game. By considering a modified version of (...)
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  40. Cheap Talk, Reinforcement Learning, and the Emergence of Cooperation.J. McKenzie Alexander - unknown
    Cheap talk has often been thought incapable of supporting the emergence of cooperation because costless signals, easily faked, are unlikely to be reliable. I show how, in a social network model of cheap talk with reinforcement learning, cheap talk does enable the emergence of cooperation, provided that individuals also temporally discount the past. This establishes one mechanism that suffices for moving a population of initially uncooperative individuals to a state of mutually beneficial cooperation even in the absence of formal institutions.
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  41. Random Boolean Networks and Evolutionary Game Theory.J. McKenzie Alexander - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1289-1304.
    Recent years have seen increased interest in the question of whether it is possible to provide an evolutionary game-theoretic explanation for certain kinds of social norms. I sketch a proof of a general representation theorem for a large class of evolutionary game-theoretic models played on a social network, in hope that this will contribute to a greater understanding of the long-term evolutionary dynamics of such models, and hence the evolution of social norms.
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  42. Robustness, Optimality, and the Handicap Principle.J. McKenzie Alexander - unknown
  43.  27
    Culture Trauma, Morality and Solidarity: The Social Construction of 'Holocaust and Other Mass Murders'.J. C. Alexander - 2016 - Thesis Eleven 132 (1):3-16.
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  44.  13
    Preventive Misconception and Adolescents' Knowledge About HIV Vaccine Trials.M. A. Ott, A. B. Alexander, M. Lally, J. B. Steever & G. D. Zimet - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (12):765-771.
    Objective Adolescents have had very limited access to research on biomedical prevention interventions despite high rates of HIV acquisition. One concern is that adolescents are a vulnerable population, and trials carry a possibility of harm, requiring investigators to take additional precautions. Of particular concern is preventive misconception, or the overestimation of personal protection that is afforded by enrolment in a prevention intervention trial. Methods As part of a larger study of preventive misconception in adolescent HIV vaccine trials, we interviewed 33 (...)
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  45. On the Redress of Grievances.J. M. Alexander - 2013 - Analysis 73 (2):228-230.
    Consider the problem of allocating a scarce resource to people. A fair decision procedure is one where each person has an equal chance of receiving the resource. An unfair decision procedure is one where the chances are not equal. Normally we think that, in an unfair decision procedure, that the correct way to redress the injustice is by rerunning the allocation using a fair decision procedure. In this paper, I show that this actually creates an overall bias favouring one person, (...)
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  46.  6
    Ward Parks: Verbal Dueling in Heroic Narrative: The Homeric and Old English Traditions. Pp. Ix + 240. Princeton University Press, 1990. $29.95. [REVIEW]M. J. Alexander - 1991 - The Classical Review 41 (1):245-245.
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  47.  6
    Longitudinal Diffusion Tensor Imaging and Neuropsychological Correlates in Traumatic Brain Injury Patients.Kimberly D. Farbota, Barbara B. Bendlin, Andrew L. Alexander, Howard A. Rowley, Robert J. Dempsey & Sterling C. Johnson - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  48. 10. The Facts of the Matter: A Discussion of Norton's Material Theory of Induction The Facts of the Matter: A Discussion of Norton's Material Theory of Induction (Pp. 188-197). [REVIEW]Marc Ereshefsky, Mohan Matthen, Matthew H. Slater, Alex Rosenberg, D. M. Kaplan, Kevin Js Zollman, Peter Vanderschraaf, J. McKenzie Alexander, Andreas Hüttemann & Gordon Belot - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (1).
  49.  10
    Neurally Dissociable Cognitive Components of Reading Deficits in Subacute Stroke.Olga Boukrina, A. M. Barrett, Edward J. Alexander, Bing Yao & William W. Graves - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  50.  6
    Special Supplement: The Birth of Bioethics.Albert R. Jonsen, Shana Alexander, Judith P. Swazey, Warren T. Reich, Robert M. Veatch, Daniel Callahan, Tom L. Beauchamp, Stanley Hauerwas, K. Danner Clouser, David J. Rothman, Daniel M. Fox, Stanley J. Reiser & Arthur L. Caplan - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (6):S1.
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