Results for 'Jacob Halford'

996 found
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  1.  9
    Helge S. Kragh, Peter C. Kjaergaard, Henry Nielsen and Kristian Hvidfelt Nielsen, Science in Denmark: A Thousand Year History. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 2008. Pp. 607. ISBN 978-0-87-7934-317-7. £37.95. [REVIEW]Jacob Halford - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Science 43 (1):131-132.
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  2.  43
    Modern Philosophy in France: A Discussion with Pierre Jacob and Pascal Engel.Pierre Jacob, Pascal Engel, Kim Davis, Jonathan Leigh-Pemberton & Simon Whiteside - 1987 - Cogito 1 (3):21-23.
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  3. Cusanus the Theologian / by E.F. Jacob.E. F. Jacob - 1937 - Manchester University Press.
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  4. Nobilitas: A Study of European Aristocratic Philosophy From Ancient Greece to the Early Twentieth Century.Alexander Jacob - 2000 - Upa.
    Nobilitas is a study of the history of aristocratic philosophy from ancient Greece to the early twentieth century that aims at providing an alternative to the liberal democratic norms, which are propagated today as the only viable socio-political system for the world community. Jacob reveals that, contrary to popular belief, the social and cultural development of European civilization has, for twenty-five centuries, been based not on democratic or communist notions but, rather on aristocratic and nationalist notions. Beginning with the (...)
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  5. What Do Mirror Neurons Contribute to Human Social Cognition?Pierre Jacob - 2008 - Mind and Language 23 (2):190–223.
    According to an influential view, one function of mirror neurons (MNs), first discovered in the brain of monkeys, is to underlie third-person mindreading. This view relies on two assumptions: the activity of MNs in an observer’s brain matches (simulates or resonates with) that of MNs in an agent’s brain and this resonance process retrodictively generates a representation of the agent’s intention from a perception of her movement. In this paper, I criticize both assumptions and I argue instead that the activity (...)
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  6. Processing Capacity Defined by Relational Complexity: Implications for Comparative, Developmental, and Cognitive Psychology.Graeme S. Halford, William H. Wilson & Steven Phillips - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):803-831.
    Working memory limits are best defined in terms of the complexity of the relations that can be processed in parallel. Complexity is defined as the number of related dimensions or sources of variation. A unary relation has one argument and one source of variation; its argument can be instantiated in only one way at a time. A binary relation has two arguments, two sources of variation, and two instantiations, and so on. Dimensionality is related to the number of chunks, because (...)
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  7. The Tuning-Fork Model of Human Social Cognition: A Critique☆.Pierre Jacob - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (1):229-243.
    The tuning-fork model of human social cognition, based on the discovery of mirror neurons (MNs) in the ventral premotor cortex of monkeys, involves the four following assumptions: (1) mirroring processes are processes of resonance or simulation. (2) They can be motor or non-motor. (3) Processes of motor mirroring (or action-mirroring), exemplified by the activity of MNs, constitute instances of third-person mindreading, whereby an observer represents the agent's intention. (4) Non-motor mirroring processes enable humans to represent others' emotions. After questioning all (...)
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  8.  36
    Relational Complexity Metric is Effective When Assessments Are Based on Actual Cognitive Processes.Graeme S. Halford, William H. Wilson & Steven Phillips - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):848-860.
    The core issue of our target article concerns how relational complexity should be assessed. We propose that assessments must be based on actual cognitive processes used in performing each step of a task. Complexity comparisons are important for the orderly interpretation of research findings. The links between relational complexity theory and several other formulations, as well as its implications for neural functioning, connectionist models, the roles of knowledge, and individual and developmental differences, are considered.
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  9. Why Visual Experience is Likely to Resist Being Enacted.Pierre Jacob - 2006 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 12.
    Alva Noë’s version of the enactive conception in _Action in Perception_ is an important contribution to the study of visual perception. First, I argue, however, that it is unclear (at best) whether, as the enactivists claim, work on change blindness supports the denial of the existence of detailed visual representations. Second, I elaborate on what Noë calls the ‘puzzle of perceptual presence’. Thirdly, I question the enactivist account of perceptual constancy. Finally, I draw attention to the tensions between enactivism and (...)
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  10.  89
    Intentionality.Pierre Jacob - 2003 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Intentionality is the power of minds to be about, to represent, or to stand for, things, properties and states of affairs. The puzzles of intentionality lie at the interface between the philosophy of mind and the philosophy of language. The word itself, which is of medieval Scholastic origin, was rehabilitated by the philosopher Franz Brentano towards the end of the nineteenth century. ‘Intentionality’ is a philosopher's word. It derives from the Latin word intentio, which in turn derives from the verb (...)
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  11. Moral Evaluation Shapes Linguistic Reports of Others' Psychological States, Not Theory-of-Mind Judgments.Florian Cova, Emmanuel Dupoux & Pierre Jacob - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (4):334-335.
    We use psychological concepts (e.g., intention and desire) when we ascribe psychological states to others for purposes of describing, explaining, and predicting their actions. Does the evidence reported by Knobe show, as he thinks, that moral evaluation shapes our mastery of psychological concepts? We argue that the evidence so far shows instead that moral evaluation shapes the way we report, not the way we think about, others' psychological states.
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  12.  76
    Some Problems for Reductive Physicalism. [REVIEW]Pierre Jacob - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):648-654.
    I examine and discuss Jaegwon Kim's arguments against non-reductive physicalism in his book, Mind in a Physical World. I first examine the supervenience argument and then the multiple realization argument. Finally, I raise some questions about Kim's overall attitude towards mental realism, i.e., realism about mental properties.
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  13. What is the Phenomenology of Thought? [REVIEW]Pierre Jacob - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (2):443-448.
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  14. John Toland and the Newtonian Ideology.Margaret Candee Jacob - 1969 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 32:307-331.
  15.  35
    On Commodification and the Governance of Academic Research.Merle Jacob - 2009 - Minerva 47 (4):391-405.
    The new prominence given to science for economic growth and industry comes with an increased policy focus on the promotion of commodification and commercialization of academic science. This paper posits that this increased interest in commodification is a new steering mechanism for governing science. This is achieved by first outlining what is meant by the commodification of scientific knowledge through reviewing a selection of literatures on the concept of commodification. The paper concludes with a discussion of how commodification functions as (...)
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  16. Bibliotheca Alexandrina Towards the Encyclopedism of the 21st Century.C. Jacob & J. A. Treves - 1997 - Diogenes 45 (178):83-85.
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  17.  48
    Cognitive Complexity of Suppositional Reasoning: An Application of the Relational Complexity Metric to the Knight-Knave Task.Damian P. Birney & Graeme S. Halford - 2002 - Thinking and Reasoning 8 (2):109 – 134.
    An application of the Method of Analysis of Relational Complexity (MARC) to suppositional reasoning in the knight-knave task is outlined. The task requires testing suppositions derived from statements made by individuals who either always tell the truth or always lie. Relational complexity (RC) is defined as the number of unique entities that need to be processed in parallel to arrive at a solution. A selection of five ternary and five quaternary items were presented to 53 psychology students using a pencil (...)
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  18.  73
    Another Look at the Presumed-Versus-Informed Consent Dichotomy in Postmortem Organ Procurement.Marie-andrée Jacob - 2006 - Bioethics 20 (6):293–300.
  19. Introduction.C. Jacob - 1999 - Diogenes 47 (186):3-3.
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  20.  88
    : The Development of Deductive Reasoning: How Important is Complexity?Graeme S. Halford & Glenda Andrews - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):123 – 145.
    Current conceptions of the nature of human reasoning make it no longer tenable to assess children's inference by reference to the norms of logical inference. Alternatively, the complexity of the mental models employed in children's inferences can be analysed. This approach is applied to transitive inference, class inclusion, categorical induction, theory of mind, oddity, categorical syllogisms, analogy, and reasoning deficits. It is argued that a coherent account of children's reasoning emerges in that there is correspondence between tasks at the same (...)
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  21.  47
    The Scope and Limit of Mental Simulation.Pierre Jacob - 2002 - In Jerome Dokic & Joelle Proust (eds.), Simulation and Knowledge of Action. John Benjamins.
  22.  48
    Thoughts and Belief Ascriptions.Pierre Jacob - 1987 - Mind and Language 2 (4):301-325.
  23. The Library and the Book: Forms of Alexandrian Encyclopedism.C. Jacob, J. A. Treves & J. C. Gage - 1997 - Diogenes 45 (178):63-82.
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  24.  97
    Grasping and Perceiving Objects.Pierre Jacob - 2005 - In Andrew Brook (ed.), Cognition and the Brain: The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 241--283.
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  25. Conceptual Competence and Inadequate Conceptions.Pierre Jacob - 1998 - Philosophical Issues 9:169-174.
    I discuss a proposal by Jim Higginbotham for distinguishing mastery of a concept and knowing a conception.
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  26. Scientific Culture and the Making of the Industrial West.Margaret C. Jacob - 1997 - Oxford University Press.
    As more and more historians acknowledge the central signifcance of science and technology with that of modern society, the need for a good, general history of the achievements of the Scientific Revolution has grown. Scientific Culture and The Making of the Industrial West seeks to explain this historical process by looking at how and why scientific knowledge became such an integral part of the culture of Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and how this in turn lead to the (...)
     
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  27. Gathering Memory: Thoughts on the History of Libraries.C. Jacob - 2002 - Diogenes 49 (196):41-57.
  28. Consciousness, Intentionality, and Function: What is the Right Order of Explanation?Pierre Jacob - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (1):195-200.
    I examine and criticize John Searle's view of the relationships between consciousness, intentionality and function.
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  29.  53
    Scientification of Politics or Politicization of Science? Traditionalist Science-Policy Discourse and its Quarrels with Mode 2 Epistemology.Tomas Hellstrom & Merle Jacob - 2000 - Social Epistemology 14 (1):69-77.
  30. From Book to Text: Towards a Comparative History of Philologies.C. Jacob & J. Vale - 1999 - Diogenes 47 (186):4-22.
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  31.  84
    Externalism and the Explanatory Relevance of Broad Content.Pierre Jacob - 1993 - Mind and Language 8 (1):131-156.
  32.  22
    Systematicity: Psychological Evidence with Connectionist Implications.S. Phillips & G. S. Halford - unknown
    At root, the systematicity debate over classical versus connectionist explanations for cognitive architecture turns on quantifying the degree to which human cognition is systematic. We introduce into the debate recent psychological data that provides strong support for the purely structure-based generalizations claimed by Fodor and Pylyshyn (1988). We then show, via simulation, that two widely used connectionist models (feedforward and simple recurrent networks) do not capture the same degree of generalization as human subjects. However, we show that this limitation is (...)
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  33. Can Semantic Properties Be Non-Causal?Pierre Jacob - 1995 - Philosophical Issues 6:44-51.
  34.  76
    Externalism Revisited: Is There Such a Thing as Narrow Content?Pierre Jacob - 1990 - Philosophical Studies 60 (November):143-176.
    First, I argue that the narrow content of a thought cannot be identical with the linguistic meaning of the sentence used to express it. Secondly, I argue that the distinction between narrow content and linguistic meaning is not fatal to content-dualism. Thirdly I argue for the view that the proposition contributed by the clause prefixed by "that" is an interpretation of the believer's thought. Finally, I use this insight to provide an individualist account of Burge's thought-experiments such that recognition that (...)
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  35.  14
    Ethics and Law for School Psychologists.Susan Jacob - 1996 - J. Wiley & Sons.
    The revised classic on the professional and legal standards of school psychology This completely updated edition of the leading ethics and law guide provides ...
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  36.  41
    Complexity Provides a Better Explanation Than Probability for Confidence in Syllogistic Inferences.Graeme S. Halford - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (1):91-91.
    Bayesian rationality is an important contribution to syllogistic inference, but it has limitations. The claim that confidence in a conclusion is a function of informativeness of the max-premise is anomalous because this is the least probable premise. A more plausible account is that confidence is inversely related to complexity. Bayesian rationality should be supplemented with principles based on cognitive complexity.
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  37. First-Person and Third-Person Mindreading.Pierre Jacob - 2005 - In P. Gampieri-Deutsch (ed.), Psychoanalysis as an Empirical, Interdisciplinary Science. Austrian Academy of Sciences.
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  38. Report on Euthanasia, Aiding Suicide and Cessation of Treatment.J. Jacob - 1985 - Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (1):49-50.
  39.  84
    Can Selection Explain Content?Pierre Jacob - 1998 - In Bernard Elevitch (ed.), The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy. Philosophy Doc Ctr. pp. 91-102.
    There are presently three broad approaches the project of naturalizing intentionality: a purely informational approach (Dretske and Fodor), a purely teleological approach (Millikan and Papineau), and a mixed informationally-based teleological approach (Dretske again). I will argue that the last teleosemantic theory offers the most promising approach. I also think, however, that the most explicit version of a pure teleosemantic theory of content, namely Millikan’s admirable theory, faces a pair of objections. My goal in this paper is to spell out Millikan’s (...)
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  40.  41
    What Can the Semantic Properties of Innate Representations Explain?Pierre Jacob - 1997 - In J. A. M. Bransen & S. E. Cuypers (eds.), Human Action, Deliberation and Causation. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 175--197.
    Dretske has argued that, unlike the content of beliefs and desires, the contents of innate representations cannot in principle play a role in the causal explanation of an individual's behavior. I examine this "asymmetry" and against it, I argue that the content of innate mental representations too can play a causal role in the explanation of behavior.
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  41.  35
    The Missing Link: Dynamic, Modifiable Representations in Working Memory.Graeme S. Halford, Steven Phillips & William H. Wilson - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):137-138.
    We propose that the missing link from nonhuman to human cognition lies with our ability to form, modify, and re-form dynamic bindings between internal representations of world-states. This capacity goes beyond dynamic feature binding in perception and involves a new conception of working memory. We propose two tests for structured knowledge that might alleviate the impasse in empirical research in nonhuman animal cognition.
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  42.  94
    Introduction: At the Origins of the Encyclopedic Dream.C. Jacob, J. A. Treves & J. C. Gage - 1997 - Diogenes 45 (178):1-5.
  43.  51
    Externalism and Mental Causation.Pierre Jacob - 1992 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 66 (New Series):203-19.
    Argues that externalist content is not causally efficacious, but is relevant to causal explanations of behavior indirectly, via the cognitive activities of others external to the system.
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  44. Languages of the Brain.Pierre Jacob - 2002
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  45.  29
    Changing Practice on Confidentiality: A Cause for Concern. Commentary 1: Confidentiality: The Dangers of Anything Weaker Than the Medical Ethic.J. M. Jacob - 1982 - Journal of Medical Ethics 8 (1):18-21.
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  46.  55
    Is There a Path Half-Way Between Realism and Verificationism?Pierre Jacob - 1987 - Synthese 73 (3):531 - 547.
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  47.  17
    Doctors and Rules: A Sociology of Professional Values.Joseph M. Jacob - 1988 - Routledge.
    Out of a reassertion of old ways, this book presents a new blueprint for future professional conduct.
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  48. Belief-Attribution and Rationality: A Dilemma for Jerry Fodor.Pierre Jacob - 1993 - In D. Andler (ed.), Facets of Rationality. Sage Publications. pp. 19--34.
    Jerry Fodor argued for an account of belief attribution very close to the theory of direct reference. I argue that his account conflicts with constraints on psychological explanation which he ought to accept.
     
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  49.  41
    Guest Editorial: French Analytic Philosophy Today.Pierre Jacob & Keith Lehrer - 2000 - Philosophical Studies 100 (3):215-216.
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  50.  38
    The Closure of the Department of Chemistry at the University of Exeter – An Insider’s View.Claus Jacob - 2007 - Foundations of Chemistry 9 (1):57-64.
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