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James Blachowicz [19]James A. Blachowicz [7]James Anthony Blachowicz [1]
  1. Analog Representation Beyond Mental Imagery.James Blachowicz - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (2):55 - 84.
  2. How Science Textbooks Treat Scientific Method: A Philosopher's Perspective.James Blachowicz - 2009 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 60 (2):303--344.
    This paper examines, from the point of view of a philosopher of science, what it is that introductory science textbooks say and do not say about 'scientific method'. Seventy introductory texts in a variety of natural and social sciences provided the material for this study. The inadequacy of these textbook accounts is apparent in three general areas: (a) the simple empiricist view of science that tends to predominate; (b) the demarcation between scientific and non-scientific inquiry and (c) the avoidance of (...)
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  3.  32
    Essential Difference: Toward a Metaphysics of Emergence.James Blachowicz - 2012 - State University of New York Press.
    Proposes a new way of understanding the nature of metaphysics, focusing on nonreductionist emergence theory, both in ancient and modern philosophy, as well as in contemporary philosophy of science.
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  4.  80
    The Dialogue of the Soul with Itself.James A. Blachowicz - 1997 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 4 (5-6):485-508.
    What is the cognitive significance of talking to ourselves? I criticize two interpretations of this function , and offer a third: I argue that inner speech is a genuine dialogue, not a monologue; that the partners in this dialogue represent the independent interests of experienced meaning and logical articulation; that the former is either silent or capable only of abbreviated speech; that articulation is a logical, not a social demand; and that neither partner is a full-time subordinate of the other. (...)
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  5.  49
    Discovery and Ampliative Inference.James Blachowicz - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (3):438-462.
    An inference to a new explanation may be both logically non-ampliative and epistemically ampliative. Included among the premises of the latter form is the explanadum--a unique premise which is capable of embodying what we do not know about the matter in question, as well as legitimate aspects of what we do know. This double status points to a resolution of the Meno paradox. Ampliative inference of this sort, it is argued, has much in common with Nickles' idea of discoverability and, (...)
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  6.  83
    The Constraint Interpretation of Physical Emergence.James Blachowicz - 2013 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 44 (1):21-40.
    I develop a variant of the constraint interpretation of the emergence of purely physical (non-biological) entities, focusing on the principle of the non-derivability of actual physical states from possible physical states (physical laws) alone. While this is a necessary condition for any account of emergence, it is not sufficient, for it becomes trivial if not extended to types of constraint that specifically constitute physical entities, namely, those that individuate and differentiate them. Because physical organizations with these features are in fact (...)
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  7.  86
    Reciprocal Justification in Science and Moral Theory.James Blachowicz - 1997 - Synthese 110 (3):447-468.
    In this paper, I analyze the particular conception of reciprocal justification proposed by Nelson Goodman and incorporated by John Rawls into what he called reflective equilibrium. I propose a way of avoiding the twin dangers which threaten to push this idea to either of two extremes: the reliance on epistemically privileged observation reports (or moral judgments in Rawls version), which tends to disrupt the balance struck between the two sides of the equilibrium and to re-establish a foundationalism; and the denial (...)
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  8.  49
    Discovery as Correction.James Blachowicz - 1987 - Synthese 71 (3):235 - 321.
    In recent years, there have been some attempts to defend the legitimacy of a non-inductive generative logic of discovery whose strategy is to analyze a variety of constraints on the actual generation of explanatory hypotheses. These proposed new theories, however, are only weakly generative (relying on sophisticated processes of elimination) rather than strongly generative (embodying processes of correction).This paper develops a strongly generative theory which holds that we can come to know something new only as a variant of what we (...)
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  9.  95
    Knowledge Vs. Inquiry: Comment on Brendan Larvor's Criticism of Hegel's Philosophy of Mathematics.James Blachowicz - 1999 - The Owl of Minerva 31 (1):45-52.
  10.  98
    Elimination, Correction and Popper's Evolutionary Epistemology.James Blachowicz - 1995 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 9 (1):5 – 17.
    Abstract Evolutionary epistemologists from Popper to Campbell have appropriated the Darwinian principle to explain the apparent fit between the world and our knowledge of it. I argue that this strategy suffers from the lack of any principled distinction among various types of elimination. I offer such a distinction and show that there is a species of elimination that is really corrective, that is, which violates the Darwinian principle as Popper understands it.
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  11.  59
    The Incompletability of Metaphysics.James Blachowicz - 2010 - Idealistic Studies 40 (3):257-273.
    If a metaphysics identifies transcendental principles with formal principles, the inevitable result will be a reductionist collapse, that is, a theory of the nature of reality that will exclude as inessential significant differences among existing things. To avoid this result, we must take some such material differences as transcendental in nature. This produces a metaphysics in which the concept of ontological emergence is central—a metaphysics that will depend essentially on the material content of the natural sciences. While both Aristotle and (...)
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  12.  44
    Platonic “True Belief” and the Paradox of Inquiry.James Blachowicz - 1995 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 33 (4):403-429.
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  13.  22
    Index to Volume 37.Victor Anderson, Ian G. Barbour, R. J. Berry, James Blachowicz, Robert J. Brecha, C. Mackenzie Brown, Rudolf B. Brun, David Carr, Michael Cavanaugh & Willem B. Drees - 2002 - Zygon 37 (4).
  14.  41
    History and Nature In Collingwood’s Dialectic.James A. Blachowicz - 1976 - Idealistic Studies 6 (1):49-61.
    Metaphysics, for Collingwood, is an historical science. Accordingly, nature and the science of nature did not occupy a prominent position within his general scheme. To appreciate this fact and to consider how this deficiency might be overcome requires that we first attend to the disconnected nature of the doctrines that loosely comprise that scheme. More specifically, we must examine the problematical relationship between Collingwood’s familiar theory of presuppositions and his less frequently discussed doctrine of the scale of forms presented in (...)
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  15.  26
    The Dialogue of the Soul with Itself.James A. Blachowicz - 2002 - In Shaun Gallagher & Jonathan Shear (eds.), Journal of Consciousness Studies. Thorverton Uk: Imprint Academic. pp. 5-6.
    What is the cognitive significance of talking to ourselves? I criticize two interpretations of this function , and offer a third: I argue that inner speech is a genuine dialogue, not a monologue; that the partners in this dialogue represent the independent interests of experienced meaning and logical articulation; that the former is either silent or capable only of abbreviated speech; that articulation is a logical, not a social demand; and that neither partner is a full-time subordinate of the other. (...)
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  16.  39
    Ampliative Abduction.James Blachowicz - 1996 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 10 (2):141 – 157.
    Abstract In Peirce's and Hanson's characterization of abductive inference, the abducted hypothesis (but not others) is present in the premises, so that the inference can hardly be taken as ampliative. Abduction has consequently been treated as part of the process whereby already generated hypotheses are judged in terms of their plausibility, simplicity, etc. I propose an interpretation of abduction which supports an ampliative view. It relies on a distinction between two logical stages in the generation of hypotheses, one ?factual? and (...)
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  17.  66
    Monotheism and the Spirituality of Reason.James Blachowicz - 2002 - Zygon 37 (2):511-530.
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  18.  17
    Discovery and Dialectic.James Blachowicz - 1991 - Idealistic Studies 21 (1):1-28.
    “Logics of discovery” and “dialectical logics:” two theories of inference occupying quite distant corners of the philosophical world. The former have been advanced by a substantial minority tradition within Anglo-American philosophy of science, while the latter are associated almost exclusively with the Hegelian-Marxist tradition. Given these disparate home bases, it is little wonder that these theories hardly share a common language. I shall argue, however, that despite such significant differences in ancestry, they may actually be intended as answers to the (...)
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  19.  33
    Metaphysics and Material Necessity.James A. Blachowicz - 1975 - New Scholasticism 49 (1):16-31.
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  20.  24
    Systems Theory and Evolutionary Models of the Development of Science.James A. Blachowicz - 1971 - Philosophy of Science 38 (2):178-199.
    Philosophers of science have used various formulations of the "random mutation--natural selection" scheme to explain the development of scientific knowledge. But the uncritical acceptance of this evolutionary model has led to substantive problems concerning the relation between fact and theory. The primary difficulty lies in the fact that those who adopt this model (Popper and Kuhn, for example) are led to claim that theories arise chiefly through the processes of relatively random change. Systems theory constitutes a general criticism of this (...)
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  21.  46
    Unarticulated Meaning.James Blachowicz - 1994 - Erkenntnis 40 (1):43 - 70.
    It is a common experience of mental life that we come to articulate meanings which we had initially grasped in only a sketchy way. In this paper, I consider how this idea of an initially unarticulated meaning may fit in a general theory of mental representation. I propose to identify unarticulated meanings with what I callspecific concepts, which are quite similar to Rosch's categories of basic objects and are distinct both from images and generic concepts (which come to articulate meanings). (...)
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  22.  24
    The Beginning and End of Negative Morality: An Evolutionary Perspective.James Blachowicz - 2008 - Philosophical Forum 39 (1):21–51.
  23.  19
    Realism and Idealism in Peirce's Categories.James A. Blachowicz - 1972 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 8 (4):199 - 213.
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  24.  11
    Knowledge Vs. Inquiry: Comment on Brendan Larvor's Criticism of Hegel's Philosophy of Mathematics.James Blachowicz - 1999 - The Owl of Minerva 31 (1):45-52.
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  25. Knowledge Vs. Inquiry.James Blachowicz - 1999 - The Owl of Minerva 31 (1):45-52.
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  26. Progressive and Conservative Energy Models in Psychoanalytic Interpretations of Culture.James A. Blachowicz - 1974 - Philosophical Forum 6 (2):166.
     
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