Results for 'Japanese Case'

1000+ found
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  1. Contrastive Rhetoric: A Case of Nominalization in Japanese and English Discourse Senko K. Maynard.A. Case of Nominalization In Japanese - 1996 - In Katarzyna Jaszczolt & Ken Turner (eds.), Contrastive Semantics and Pragmatics. Pergamon Press. pp. 933-946.
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  2. I Foreword Rackham, David W. Director of Icuiers I I Research Articles.Japanese Case, Mark Langager, Akira Tachikawa, Jun Fukaya, Takao Kamibeppu, Shigeo Kawazu, Eisuke Saito, Yoriko Sano, Norihiro Kuroishi & Nobuo Sayanagi - 2005 - Educational Studies 47.
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  3.  18
    A Walk in the Park: A Case Study in Research Ethics.Zita Lazzarini, Patricia Case & Cecil J. Thomas - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 37 (1):93-103.
    Can researchers, interested in novel ways to assess HIV seroprevalence among populations which are otherwise hidden, collect condoms that have been discarded on the ground in a public sex environment and test them for HIV? Researchers, who use other types of abandoned samples, such as discarded syringes, hair or saliva samples, or excess biological samples, confront similar issues. This review evaluates whether such abandoned tissues can be studied based on U.S. Code of Federal Regulations and literature on related issues including: (...)
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  4. Family Consent, Communication, and Advance Directives for Cancer Disclosure: A Japanese Case and Discussion.A. Akabayashi, M. D. Fetters & T. S. Elwyn - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (4):296-301.
    The dilemma of whether and how to disclose a diagnosis of cancer or of any other terminal illness continues to be a subject of worldwide interest. We present the case of a 62-year-old Japanese woman afflicted with advanced gall bladder cancer who had previously expressed a preference not to be told a diagnosis of cancer. The treating physician revealed the diagnosis to the family first, and then told the patient: "You don't have any cancer yet, but if we (...)
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  5.  10
    Diversification and Energy Security Risks: The Japanese Case.S. Hayden Lesbirel - 2004 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 5 (1):1-22.
    This article explores the relationship between diversification and energy security risks. It uses portfolio theory to conceptualise energy security as an insurance mechanism against disruptions to energy import markets. It provides quantitative measures of systematic and specific risks associated with Japanese energy imports during the period 1970—99. It suggests that Japan's policy of diversification of energy import sources has reduced specific risks, although fundamental changes in the political and economic structure of international energy and, in particular, oil markets have (...)
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  6.  18
    A Phenomenological Approach to Inquiring Into an Ethically Bankrupted Organization: A Case Study of a Japanese Company. [REVIEW]Nobuyuki Chikudate - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 28 (1):59 - 72.
    This study introduced a phenomenological approach to the study of the companies that committed corporate crimes. The author first developed the epistemology of normative control which is based on the philosophical ground of phenomenology, sociology of knowledge, ethnomethodology, Habermas's normative theories, and Foucault's normalizing discourse in the context of organizations. He, then, showed the procedures for conducting a qualitative and phenomenological empirical case study of an aggressive Japanese company whose name appeared in the media for its scandal in (...)
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  7.  10
    Informality and Institutional Inertia: The Case of Japanese Financial Regulation.Jennifer A. Amyx - 2001 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 2 (1):47-66.
    This article examines the case of institutional inertia in Japanese financial regulation, focusing on the reasons why institutions centered on informal modes of organization and interaction proved particularly The Japanese case serves as a particularly tough test for theories of institutional adaptation and change because even crisis failed to produce timely institutional change. The paper argues that informal, exclusionary and opaque relational ties served as a functional substitute for formal regulation and promoted cooperative government-bank relationships in (...)
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  8.  4
    Repositioning Universities in Multi-Spatial Innovation Systems: The Japanese Case.Fumi Kitagawa - 2006 - Social Epistemology 20 (3 & 4):299 – 314.
    Universities are increasingly part of wider geographical processes including international, national and sub-national actors. Universities now find themselves having to pay attention to many more political centres than before, as seen, for example, with research grants, assessments and teaching accreditation from transnational bodies, individual states and regional authorities. As an institution, the university constitutes a place which needs to be situated within a wider space and the geography of power-relations. This article traces these spatial developments in relation to recent policy (...)
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  9.  52
    Anencephalic Organ Donation: A Japanese Case.Rihito Kimura - 1989 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (1):97-102.
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  10.  15
    Clinical Ethics Consultation: Examining How American and Japanese Experts Analyze an Alzheimeras Case.Noriko Nagao, Mark P. Aulisio, Yoshio Nukaga, Misao Fujita, Shinji Kosugi, Stuart Youngner & Akira Akabayashi - 2008 - BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):2-.
    BackgroundFew comparative studies of clinical ethics consultation practices have been reported. The objective of this study was to explore how American and Japanese experts analyze an Alzheimer's case regarding ethics consultation.MethodsWe presented the case to physicians and ethicists from the US and Japan (one expert from each field from both countries; total = 4) and obtained their responses through a questionnaire and in-depth interviews.ResultsEstablishing a consensus was a common goal among American and Japanese participants. In attempting (...)
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  11.  16
    Convening a 407 Panel for Research Not Otherwise Approvable: "Precursors to Diabetes in Japanese American Youth" as a Case Study.Lainie Friedman Ross - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (2):165-186.
    : Subpart D of 45 CFR 46 focuses on research involving children. Section 46.407 addresses research that is not otherwise approvable. The research is not otherwise approvable because either (1) it seeks to enroll healthy children, but offers no prospect of direct benefit and entails more than minimal risk; or (2) it seeks to enroll children with a disorder or condition, but offers no prospect of direct benefit and entails more than a minor increase over minimal risk. According to 46.407, (...)
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  12.  8
    Japanese Civil Society in the Age of Deregulation: The Case of Consumers.Patricia L. Maclachlan - 2002 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 3 (2):217-242.
    Although scholars have long been interested in the relationships among civil society, the state and the market in advanced industrial democracies, the implications of state disengagement from the affairs of private firms for civil society have yet to be explored in the contemporary literature. My purpose in this essay has been to address this issue by examining the effects of deregulation on Japanese consumer society, paying particular attention to how legislative and bureaucratic changes in the wake of regulatory reform (...)
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  13.  1
    “Is It the Case That …?”: Building Toward Findings of Fact in Japanese Criminal Trials.Ikuko Nakane - 2017 - Semiotica 2017 (216):423-450.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Semiotica Jahrgang: 2017 Heft: 216 Seiten: 423-450.
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    Towards the Appropriate Human-Centred Information Systems: A Case Study of the Japanese Retail Industry. [REVIEW]Ken Uchiyama - 1998 - AI and Society 12 (4):287-295.
    The industries of Japan have developed by learning from Western industries, especially the USA, and by implementing many of their concepts and technologies. However, Japanese industries have often implemented these concepts and technologies in a very different way from the USA. For example, while the USA uses information systems in retail industries as a tool by which data are collected and analysed to ‘control the market’, in Japan this same technology is considered rather as a learning device to ‘interpret (...)
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  15.  32
    A Comparative Case Study of American and Japanese Medical Care of a Terminally Ill Patient.Hisako Inaba - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 5:19-31.
    How is a terminally ill patient treated by the surrounding people in the U.S. and Japan? How does a terminally ill patient decide on his or her own treatment? These questions will be examined in a study of intensive medical care, received by a terminally ill Japanese cancer patient in the U.S. and Japan. This casereflects the participant observation by a Japanese anthropologist for about 8 years in the United States and Japan on one patient who was hospitalized (...)
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  16.  8
    Secularization Theory and Japanese Christianity: The Case of the Nihon Kirisuto Kyōdan.David Reid - 1979 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 6 (1-2):347-378.
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  17.  15
    Technological Innovation and the Formation of Japanese Technology: The Case of the Machine Tool Industry. [REVIEW]Masatsugu Tsuji - 2003 - AI and Society 17 (3-4):291-306.
    This paper focuses on how “Japanese technology” was formed in the Japanese machine tool industry, and presents how Japanese machine tool builders competed in R&D and the innovation process in the domestic and international markets. During the competition for the innovation of computerised numerically-controlled (CNC) tools, drastic changes occurred in the ranking of individual firms. Prior to the transformation, the traditional “Big 5” companies occupied the largest market share. After the innovation, however, the “Big 3” firms which (...)
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  18.  8
    Principles of Discourse Deletion-Case Studies From English, Russian and Japanese.Susumu Kuno - 1982 - Journal of Semantics 1 (1):61-93.
    A syntactically optional constituent in a sentence can be deleted if it is recoverable from the preceding context. This does not mean, however, that all such constituents are deletable. This paper hypothesizes that there is a pecking order of deletion, which dictates that deletion should proceed from less important to more important information. Evidence is drawn from English, Russian and Japanese in support of this hypothesis. Interaction of this constraint with various syntactic rules in each individual language is examined, (...)
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  19.  4
    Japanese Immigrants and Their Christian Communities in North America: A Case Study of the Fukuinkai, 1877–1896.Yoshida Ryo - 2007 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 34 (1):229-244.
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  20.  26
    A Case Study of an English-Japanese Bilingual with Monolingual Dyslexia.Taeko Nakayama Wydell & Brian Butterworth - 1999 - Cognition 70 (3):273-305.
  21.  3
    The Pattern of Unique Use of Language: A Case Study in the Greeting Messages ‘Konnichiwa’ and ‘Konbanwa’ on Japanese Mobile Phone E-Mail.Noboru Sakai - 2018 - Asian Culture and History 10 (2):19.
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    Grammatical Description Versus Configurational Arrangement in Language Acquisition: The Case of Relative Clauses in Japanese.Kenji Hakuta - 1981 - Cognition 9 (3):197-236.
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  23.  28
    Constructing Concessive Conditionals: In Case of Japanese.Ai Matsui - 2009 - In Arndt Riester & Torgrim Solstad (eds.), Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung 13.
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  24.  10
    Nobuyuki Chikudate/a Phenomenological Approach to Inquiring Into an Ethically Bankrupted Organization: A Case Study of a Japanese Company Aileen Smith and Violet Rogers/Ethics-Related Responses to Specific Situation Vignettes: Evidence of Gender-Based Differences and Occupational Socialization.Scott J. Vitell, Erin Baca Dickerson & Troy A. Festervand - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 28:389-390.
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  25.  3
    Japanese Industrial Policy: The Case of Iron and Steel Industry.Edita Đapo - 2016 - Inquiry: Sarajevo Journal of Social Sciences 1 (2).
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    Teaching the Japanese American Internment: A Case Study of Social Studies Curriculum Conflict and Change.Steven P. Camicia - 2009 - Journal of Social Studies Research 33 (1):113-132.
  27.  12
    Informed Consent in a Japanese Psychiatric Institution: The Case of a Schizophrenic Patient's Quality of Life. [REVIEW]Mie Kurosawa, Akio Sakai & Katsuya Takeuchi - 2000 - HEC Forum 12 (4):367-377.
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    The Construction and Export of Culture as Artefact: The Case of Japanese Marital Arts.Stephen Chan - 2000 - Body and Society 6 (1):69-74.
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  29.  1
    A Diachronic Perspective on Prototypicality: The Case of Nominal Adjectives in Japanese.John R. Taylor, René Dirven & Hubert Cuyckens - 2003 - In John R. Taylor, René Dirven & Hubert Cuyckens (eds.), Cognitive Approaches to Lexical Semantics. Mouton de Gruyter.
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    L2 Acquisition of Japanese: Knowledge and Use of Case Particles in SOV and OSV Sentences.Noriko Iwasaki - 2003 - In Simin Karimi (ed.), Word Order and Scrambling. Blackwell. pp. 273--300.
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  31.  1
    The Location of Yamatai: A Case Study in Japanese Historiography, 720-1945The Founding of the Kamakura Shogunate, 1180-1185, with Selected Translations From the Azuma Kagami. [REVIEW]John W. Hall, John Young & Minoru Shinoda - 1960 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 80 (3):281.
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  32. How a Japanese Philosopher Encountered Bioethics.Masahiro Morioka - 2013 - In Frank Rövekamp & Friederike Bosse (eds.), Ethics in Science and Society: German and Japanese Views. IUDICIUM Verlag. pp. 27-41.
    In this essay I will illustrate how a Japanese philosopher reacted to a newly imported discipline, “bioethics,” in the 1980s and then tried to create an alternative way of looking at “life” in the field of philosophy. This essay might serve as an interesting case study in which a contemporary “western” way of thinking succeeded in capturing, but finally failed to persuade, a then-young Japanese researcher’s mind.
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    Ethical Obligations in the Face of Dilemmas Concerning Patient Privacy and Public Interests: The Sasebo Schoolgirl Murder Case.Yasuhiro Kadooka, Taketoshi Okita & Atsushi Asai - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (7):520-527.
    A murder case that had some features in common with the Tarasoff case occurred in Sasebo City, Japan, in 2014. A 15-year-old high school girl was murdered and her 16-year-old classmate was arrested on suspicion of homicide. One and a half months before the murder, a psychiatrist who had been examining the girl called a prefectural child consultation centre to warn that she might commit murder, but he did not reveal her name, considering it his professional duty to (...)
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    Coalition Governments, Party Switching, and the Rise and Decline of Parties: Changing Japanese Party Politics Since 1993.Junko Kato & Yuto Kannon - 2008 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 9 (3):341-365.
    Since 1993, coalition governments have replaced the 38-year-long, one-party dominance of the Liberal Democratic Party (the LDP) in Japan. Except for one year, from 1993 to 1994, the LDP has remained a key party in successive governing coalitions, but the dynamics of party competition has been completely transformed since the period of the LDP's dominance. Although the LDP has survived to form a variety of coalitions ranging from a minority to an over-sized majority, since 1998 the Democratic Party of Japan (...)
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  35.  21
    The Evolution of Japanese Studies of International Relations.Koji Murata - 2010 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 11 (3):355-365.
    This paper aims to examine the evolution of Japanese studies of international relations since the end of World War II. In so doing, in particular, this paper first looks at the dominant trends and characteristics of Japanese scholarship in this field, and, second, the correlations between the scholarship and Japan's experiences in real international relations. In discussing the evolution of Japanese studies of international relations, I shall divide the years since 1945 into three separate periods: (1) 194589, (...)
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    Synesthetic Colors Are Elicited by Sound Quality in Japanese Synesthetes.Michiko Asano & Kazuhiko Yokosawa - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1816-1823.
    Determinants of synesthetic color choice for Japanese phonetic characters were studied in six Japanese synesthetes. The study used Hiragana and Katakana characters, which represent the same set of syllables although their visual forms are dissimilar. From a palette of 138 colors, synesthetes selected a color corresponding to each character. Results revealed that synesthetic color choices for Hiragana characters and those for their Katakana counterparts were remarkably consistent, indicating that color selection depended on character-related sounds and not visual form. (...)
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    Temporal Interpretation Without Tense: Korean and Japanese Coordination Constructions.J. Lee & J. Tonhauser - 2010 - Journal of Semantics 27 (3):307-341.
    Matrix clauses are tensed in Korean and Japanese, but both languages have coordination constructions where any non-final conjunct may or, in the case of Japanese, must be untensed. Building on analyses of the temporal interpretation of tenseless languages such as Yucatec Maya (Mayan: Bohnemeyer 2002) and Kalaallisut (Eskimo-Aleut: Bittner 2005), this article argues that a truly tenseless analysis of the temporal interpretation of these non-final conjuncts is possible once the effects of Aktionsart and the discourse context on (...)
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  38.  11
    The Japanese Tea Ceremony and Pancultural Definitions of Art.Daniel Wilson - 2018 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 76 (1):33-44.
    Dominic McIver Lopes and Yuriko Saito claim that the Japanese tea ceremony, or chadō, is a non-Western art form. Stephen Davies also defends that claim. In this article, I utilize the tea ceremony as a test case for pancultural definitions of art that claim to be inclusive of non-Western cultures without relying on Western ethnocentrism to justify their status as artworks. I argue that Davies's hybrid definition is not justified in assuming a homogenous art tradition and/or a unified (...)
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    Attempting to Institutionalize Ethics: Case Studies From Japan. [REVIEW]Chiaki Nakano - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 18 (4):335 - 343.
    A series of survey studies on corporations' institutionalization of ethics has been done in the U.S. and Japan. Among them, one Japanese study suggests that company policy is the most influential factor in managers' ethical decision-making and behavior. This empirical evidence suggests that, in Japan, company efforts to institutionalize ethics are effective in improving business behavior. The author examines this by describing three case studies of Japanese managers' ethical decision-making.
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  40.  31
    Japanese Childhood Vaccination Policy.Peter Doshi & Akira Akabayashi - 2010 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 19 (3):283-289.
    The ethical tension in childhood vaccination policies is often framed as one of balancing the value of choice with the duty to protect. Because infectious diseases spread from person to person, unvaccinated children are usually described as putting others around them at risk, violating a perceived right to be protected from harm. Editors of Lancet Infectious Diseases recently argued against mandatory vaccination, reminding us that the resort to mandatory vaccination as a means of achieving high vaccination rates is still very (...)
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  41.  23
    Attitudes of the Japanese Public and Doctors Towards Use of Archived Information and Samples Without Informed Consent: Preliminary Findings Based on Focus Group Interviews. [REVIEW]Asai Atsushi, Ohnishi Motoki, Nishigaki Etsuyo, Sekimoto Miho, Fukuhara Shunichi & Fukui Tsuguya - 2002 - BMC Medical Ethics 3 (1):1-10.
    Background The purpose of this study is to explore laypersons' attitudes toward the use of archived (existing) materials such as medical records and biological samples and to compare them with the attitudes of physicians who are involved in medical research. Methods Three focus group interviews were conducted, in which seven Japanese male members of the general public, seven female members of the general public and seven physicians participated. Results It was revealed that the lay public expressed diverse attitudes towards (...)
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  42.  58
    Narrative Responsibility and Moral Dilemma: A Case Study of a Family's Decision About a Brain-Dead Daughter.Takanobu Kinjo & Masahiro Morioka - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (2):91-99.
    A brain death case is presented and reinterpreted using the narrative approach. In the case, two Japanese parents face a dilemma about whether to respect their daughter’s desire to donate organs even though, for them, it would mean literally killing their daughter. We argue that the ethical dilemma occurred because the parents were confronted with two conflicting narratives to which they felt a “narrative responsibility,” namely, the responsibility that drives us to tell, retell, and coauthor the (often (...)
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  43.  21
    Conflict of Interest: A Japanese Perspective.Akira Akabayashi, Brian Taylor Slingsby & Yoshiyuki Takimoto - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (3):277-280.
    Until recently, many of Japan's medical and bioethical communities had ignored the issue of conflicts of interest . This is no longer the case. Discussion on the economic and ethical problems defined by CIs is now apparent in academic, political, and even industrial spheres. In June 2004, this debate was sparked by a scandal involving AnGes MG, Inc., a bioventure company set up by a faculty member at Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine. AnGes MG developed a gene therapy (...)
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  44.  12
    Synthetic Fuel Production in Prewar and World War II Japan: A Case Study in Technological Failure.Anthony N. Stranges - 1993 - Annals of Science 50 (3):229-265.
    Japan is a country largely lacking supplies of many essential natural resources including petroleum, coal, and iron ore. As her industrial base and economy expanded during the 1920s and 1930s, Japan's dependence on imports of these resources became increasingly evident. The onset of the Depression in the 1930s further threatened Japan's lifeline, and, in an effort to become economically independent and self-sufficient in natural resources , Japan's militaristic government pursued a policy of territorial expansion. Beginning in 1937, Japan's military forces (...)
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  45.  12
    Femininity in Mixed-Sex Talk and Intercultural Communication: Are Japanese Women Polite and Submissive?Hiroko Itakura - 2014 - Pragmatics and Society 5 (3):455-483.
    Previous studies of language and gender discuss how men and women use gender-specific conversational styles mainly in relation to English, whereas similar studies for Asian languages remain comparatively few. Moreover, little is known about gender and conversational styles during intercultural communication. This paper explores whether speakers follow similar norms of politeness in mixed-sex talk in their L1 and in intercultural conversations in L2 English, and if femininities are modified, what factors may be involved. It reports findings from a case (...)
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    A Analysis of Corporate Governance Issues for Large Japanese Multinationals Seen Through the Prism of Three Recent Cases.Rae Weston - 2005 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 2:109-118.
    This study examines the three major Japanese multinational corporate governance cases of the past decade: Sumitomo Copper, Daiwa Bank, and Mitsubishi Motors. The analysis focuses on three particular matters: Does senior management and the board exhibit a form of “disaster myopia”? Were there clear signs of the impending problems that were ignored? Is there anything distinctive that makes these cases Japanese in character? The first two questions are answered in the affirmative for all three firms, but only the (...)
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  47.  10
    Semantics of Japanese Causativization.Masayoshi Shibatani - 1973 - Foundations of Language 9 (3):327-373.
    The lexicalist vs. transformationalist controversy involving causative sentences has been argued to the extreme extent in either position, studies based on Fillmore's case grammar by Sasaki and Taylor representing the former, and those based on the theory of lexical decomposition by McCawley and G. Lakoff representing the latter. The following work presents arguments that neither of these extreme positions is correct in Japanese. Different types of evidence are presented for the position that derives the lexical causative, e.g., koros (...)
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  48.  6
    Depoliticization or Americanization of Japanese Science Studies.Hideto Nakajima - 2013 - Social Epistemology 27 (2):163 - 176.
    In this paper, I will describe the history of Japanese science studies (In the Japanese language, the term ?science studies? [Kagaku-ron] is used to indicate a broad area, which covers the history, philosophy, and social studies of science and technology.) from the beginning of the twentieth century to around the mid-1980s, and will argue how depoliticization took place in its history. Japanese science studies was formed under the conspicuous influence of German philosophy before World War II (hereafter (...)
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    Why Hardcore Goes Soft: Adorno, Japanese Noise, and the Extirpation of Dissonance.Nick Smith - unknown
    I argue that Japanese noise could only become meaningful and articulate at a time when thought and language have become somehow inarticulate. I very briefly recount T.W. Adorno's controversial claims that we live in a wholly abstract and instrumental world, where each object we encounter holds meaning only as 1) a representative of the class to which it belongs and 2) a tool for our use. As is now the convention in Adorno scholarship and cultural studies generally, I name (...)
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  50.  5
    Human Values and HRM Practice: The Japanese Shukko System.R. J. Grainger & T. Miyamoto - 2003 - Journal of Human Values 9 (2):105-115.
    Aspects of the Japanese human resources management system are discussed to illustrate the underly ing significance of human values in Japanese organizational management, with a particular aspect of Japanese human resource management used as an illustrative case. Relevant literature is reviewed to introduce the relational Japanese management and human resources management systems, and to explain the system of inter-firm employee transfer within the corporate group known as the 'shukko' system. The paper then discusses various impacts (...)
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