Results for 'Michael R. Garey'

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  1. Computers and Intractability. A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness.Michael R. Garey & David S. Johnson - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):498-500.
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  2. Review: Michael R. Garey, David S. Johnson, Computers and Intractability. A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness. [REVIEW]Harry R. Lewis - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):498-500.
  3.  38
    ΠGarey Michael R. and Johnson David S.. Computers and intractability. A guide to the theory of NP-completeness. W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco 1979, x + 338 pp. [REVIEW]Harry R. Lewis - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):498-500.
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    The scientific background to modern philosophy: selected readings.Michael R. Matthews (ed.) - 2022 - Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company.
    The first edition of The Scientific Background to Modern Philosophy took the dialogue of science and philosophy from Aristotle through to Newton. This second edition adds eight chapters, taking the dialogue through the Enlightenment and up to Darwin. This anthology is an attempt to help bridge the gap between the history of science and the history of philosophy.
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  5.  37
    Mario Bunge: An Introduction to His Life, Work and Achievements.Michael R. Matthews - 2019 - In Mario Augusto Bunge, Michael R. Matthews, Guillermo M. Denegri, Eduardo L. Ortiz, Heinz W. Droste, Alberto Cordero, Pierre Deleporte, María Manzano, Manuel Crescencio Moreno, Dominique Raynaud, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe, Nicholas Rescher, Richard T. W. Arthur, Rögnvaldur D. Ingthorsson, Evandro Agazzi, Ingvar Johansson, Joseph Agassi, Nimrod Bar-Am, Alberto Cupani, Gustavo E. Romero, Andrés Rivadulla, Art Hobson, Olival Freire Junior, Peter Slezak, Ignacio Morgado-Bernal, Marta Crivos, Leonardo Ivarola, Andreas Pickel, Russell Blackford, Michael Kary, A. Z. Obiedat, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Luis Marone, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Francisco Yannarella, Mauro A. E. Chaparro, José Geiser Villavicencio- Pulido, Martín Orensanz, Jean-Pierre Marquis, Reinhard Kahle, Ibrahim A. Halloun, José María Gil, Omar Ahmad, Byron Kaldis, Marc Silberstein, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe & Villavicencio-Pulid (eds.), Mario Bunge: A Centenary Festschrift. Springer Verlag. pp. 1-28.
    This chapter outlines something of Mario Bunge’s long life and career as a physicist-philosopher originally living and working in Argentina for 40 years, then in Canada for nearly 60 years. It indicates the extraordinary breadth, depth and quantity of his research publications. It deals briefly with some key components of his work, such as: systemism, causation, theory analysis, axiomatization, ontology, epistemology, physics, psychology and philosophy of mind, social science, probability and Bayesianism, defence of the Enlightenment project, and education. Finally, the (...)
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  6.  22
    Coercion: A Nonevaluative Approach.Michael R. Rhodes (ed.) - 2000 - BRILL.
    In this book, Rhodes provides a nonevaluative account of coercion. He begins with a thorough discussion of the charge that coercion is an essentially contested concept. He argues that effective communication of regulations pertaining to human conduct requires a basic level of clarity as to the kind of conduct being regulated. Accordingly, he argues that before we prescribe or proscribe conduct, we should describe it. In short, he maintains that wherever possible description should precede prescription and proscription. Rhodes begins his (...)
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  7.  25
    Bergson and phenomenology.Michael R. Kelly (ed.) - 2010 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Often neglected as an influence on phenomenology, Bergson's thought has resurfaced and brought challenges to phenomenology. In a series of original essays and translations, leading scholars of contemporary continental philosophy seek to redress this oversight and inaugurate a long over due dialogue and yet pertinent to the future of continental philosophy. This thematically focused collection reintroduces Bergson to the dominant discourse in continental philosophy (phenomenology), reevaluates phenomenologists' readings of Bergson (e.g., Heidegger, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, Levinas, and Henry), and examines Bergsonian challenges (...)
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  8. Mario Bunge and the Enlightenment Project in Science Education.Michael R. Matthews - 2019 - In Mario Augusto Bunge, Michael R. Matthews, Guillermo M. Denegri, Eduardo L. Ortiz, Heinz W. Droste, Alberto Cordero, Pierre Deleporte, María Manzano, Manuel Crescencio Moreno, Dominique Raynaud, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe, Nicholas Rescher, Richard T. W. Arthur, Rögnvaldur D. Ingthorsson, Evandro Agazzi, Ingvar Johansson, Joseph Agassi, Nimrod Bar-Am, Alberto Cupani, Gustavo E. Romero, Andrés Rivadulla, Art Hobson, Olival Freire Junior, Peter Slezak, Ignacio Morgado-Bernal, Marta Crivos, Leonardo Ivarola, Andreas Pickel, Russell Blackford, Michael Kary, A. Z. Obiedat, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Luis Marone, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Francisco Yannarella, Mauro A. E. Chaparro, José Geiser Villavicencio- Pulido, Martín Orensanz, Jean-Pierre Marquis, Reinhard Kahle, Ibrahim A. Halloun, José María Gil, Omar Ahmad, Byron Kaldis, Marc Silberstein, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe & Villavicencio-Pulid (eds.), Mario Bunge: A Centenary Festschrift. Springer Verlag. pp. 645-682.
    This chapter begins by noting the importance of debates in science education that hinge upon support for or rejection of the Enlightenment project. It then distinguishes the historic eighteenth-century Enlightenment from its articulation and working out in the Enlightenment project; details Mario Bunge’s and others’ summation of the core principles of the Enlightenment; and fleshes out the educational project of the Enlightenment by reference to the works of John Locke, Joseph Priestley, Ernst Mach, Philipp Frank and Herbert Feigl. It indicates (...)
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  9.  13
    The state of theory in ecology.Michael R. Willig & Samuel M. Scheiner - 2011 - In Samuel M. Scheiner & Michael R. Willig (eds.), The theory of ecology. London: University of Chicago Press. pp. 333.
  10.  11
    Crossing (out) the Boundary: Foucault and Derrida on Transgressing.Michael R. Clifford - 1987 - Philosophy Today 31 (3):223-233.
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    Balance and Refinement: Beyond Coherence Methods of Moral Inquiry.Michael R. DePaul - 1993 - Mind 107 (426):473-478.
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  12. Individuals without Sortals.Michael R. Ayers - 1974 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 4 (1):113 - 148.
    Consideration of the counting and reidentification of particulars leads naturally enough to the orthodox doctrine that, “on pain of indefiniteness,” an identity statement in some way involves or presupposes a general term or “covering concept”: i.e., that the principium individuationis or criterion of identity implied depends upon the kind of thing in question. Thus it is said that an auditor understands the question whether A is the same as B only in so far as he knows, however informally or implicitly, (...)
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  13.  10
    The how and why of what went where in apparent motion: Modeling solutions to the motion correspondence problem.Michael R. Dawson - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (4):569-603.
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  14.  5
    Balance and Refinement, beyond Coherence Methods of Moral Inquiry.Michael R. DePaul - 1993 - Erkenntnis 42 (3):413-417.
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  15. Supervenience and moral dependence.Michael R. Depaul - 1987 - Philosophical Studies 51 (3):425 - 439.
    One aim philosophers have in constructing moral theories is to identify the natural or non-Moral characteristics that make actions right or obligatory, Things good, Or persons virtuous. Yet we have no clear understanding of what it is for certain of a thing's non-Moral properties to be responsible for its moral properties. Given the recent interest in the concept of supervenience one might think that the dependence of moral on natural properties could be explained in terms of it. Unfortunately, None of (...)
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  16.  61
    It’s a Miracle: Separating the Miraculous from the Mundane.Michael R. Ransom & Mark D. Alicke - 2012 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 34 (2):243-275.
    What aspects and features of events impel people to label them as miraculous? Three studies examined people's miracle conceptions and the factors that lead them to designate an event as a miracle. Study 1 identified the basic elements of laypersons’ miracle beliefs by instructing participants to define a miracle, to list five events that they considered miraculous, and to state what they believed to be the purpose of miracles. Results showed that individuals tend to view miracles as highly improbable and (...)
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  17.  44
    It’s a Miracle: Separating the Miraculous from the Mundane.Michael R. Ransom & Mark D. Alicke - 2012 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 34 (2):243-275.
    What aspects and features of events impel people to label them as miraculous? Three studies examined people’s miracle conceptions and the factors that lead them to designate an event as a miracle. Study 1 identified the basic elements of laypersons’ miracle beliefs by instructing participants to define a miracle, to list five events that they considered miraculous, and to state what they believed to be the purpose of miracles. Results showed that individuals tend to view miracles as highly improbable and (...)
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  18. Shelf length zero: The disappearance of the geographical text.Michael R. Curry - 1997 - In Georges Benko & Ulf Strohmayer (eds.), Space and social theory: interpreting modernity and postmodernity. Malden, MA: Blackwell. pp. 33--88.
     
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  19.  96
    Truth consequentialism, withholding and proportioning belief to the evidence.Michael R. DePaul - 2004 - Philosophical Issues 14 (1):91–112.
  20.  52
    Distributional regularity and phonotactic constraints are useful for segmentation.Michael R. Brent & Timothy A. Cartwright - 1996 - Cognition 61 (1-2):93-125.
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  21.  29
    The role of exposure to isolated words in early vocabulary development.Michael R. Brent & Jeffrey Mark Siskind - 2001 - Cognition 81 (2):B33-B44.
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  22.  6
    Distributional regularity and phonotactic constraints are useful for segmentation.Michael R. Brent, Timothy A. Cartwright & Adamantios Gafos - 1996 - Cognition 61 (1-2):93-125.
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  23. A general theory of ecology.Samuel M. Scheiner & Michael R. Willig - 2011 - In Samuel M. Scheiner & Michael R. Willig (eds.), The theory of ecology. London: University of Chicago Press.
  24.  92
    Apparent conflicts between Quine's indeterminacy thesis and his philosophy of science.Michael R. Gardner - 1973 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 24 (4):381-393.
  25.  72
    Substance, Reality, and the Great, Dead Philosophers.Michael R. Ayers - 1970 - American Philosophical Quarterly 7 (1):38 - 49.
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  26.  33
    Autonomous processing in parallel distributed processing networks.Michael R. W. Dawson & Don P. Schopflocher - 1992 - Philosophical Psychology 5 (2):199-219.
    This paper critically examines the claim that parallel distributed processing (PDP) networks are autonomous learning systems. A PDP model of a simple distributed associative memory is considered. It is shown that the 'generic' PDP architecture cannot implement the computations required by this memory system without the aid of external control. In other words, the model is not autonomous. Two specific problems are highlighted: (i) simultaneous learning and recall are not permitted to occur as would be required of an autonomous system; (...)
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  27.  58
    PDP networks can provide models that are not mere implementations of classical theories.Michael R. W. Dawson, David A. Medler & Istvan S. N. Berkeley - 1997 - Philosophical Psychology 10 (1):25-40.
    There is widespread belief that connectionist networks are dramatically different from classical or symbolic models. However, connectionists rarely test this belief by interpreting the internal structure of their nets. A new approach to interpreting networks was recently introduced by Berkeley et al. (1995). The current paper examines two implications of applying this method: (1) that the internal structure of a connectionist network can have a very classical appearance, and (2) that this interpretation can provide a cognitive theory that cannot be (...)
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  28.  95
    Balance and Refinement: Beyond Coherence Methods of Moral Inquiry.Michael R. DePaul - 1993 - New York: Routledge.
    We all have moral beliefs. But what if one beleif conflicts with another? DePaul argues that we have to make our beliefs cohere, but that the current coherence methods are seriously flawed. It is not just the arguments that need to be considered in moral enquiry. DePaul asserts that the ability to make sensitive moral judgements is vital to any philosophical inquiry into morality. The inquirer must consider how her life experiences and experiences with literature, film and theatre have influenced (...)
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  29. Science Teaching: The Role of History and Philosophy of Science.Michael R. Matthews - 1994 - Routledge.
    History, Philosophy and Science Teaching argues that science teaching and science teacher education can be improved if teachers know something of the history and philosophy of science and if these topics are included in the science curriculum. The history and philosophy of science have important roles in many of the theoretical issues that science educators need to address: the goals of science education; what constitutes an appropriate science curriculum for all students; how science should be taught in traditional cultures; what (...)
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  30. Is perceptual content ever conceptual?Michael R. Ayers - 2002 - Philosophical Books 43 (1):5-17.
  31. Two conceptions of coherence methods in ethics.Michael R. DePaul - 1987 - Mind 96 (384):463-481.
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  32.  98
    Liberal exclusions and foundationalism.Michael R. DePaul - 1998 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (1):103-120.
    Certain versions of liberalism exclude from public political discussions the reasons some citizens regard as most fundamental, reasons having to do with their deepest religious, philosophical, moral or political views. This liberal exclusion of deep and deeply held reasons from political discussions has been controversial. In this article I will point out a way in which the discussion seems to presuppose a foundationalist conception of human reasoning. This is rather surprising, inasmuch as one of the foremost advocates of liberalism, John (...)
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  33. Review essay on Jonathan Kvanvig's the value of knowledge and the pursuit of understanding.Michael R. Depaul & Stephen R. Grimm - 2007 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (2):498–514.
  34.  61
    Advances in the computational study of language acquisition.Michael R. Brent - 1996 - Cognition 61 (1-2):1-38.
  35. Interpreting the internal structure of a connectionist model of the balance scale task.Michael R. W. Dawson & Corinne Zimmerman - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (2):129-149.
    One new tradition that has emerged from early research on autonomous robots is embodied cognitive science. This paper describes the relationship between embodied cognitive science and a related tradition, synthetic psychology. It is argued that while both are synthetic, embodied cognitive science is antirepresentational while synthetic psychology still appeals to representations. It is further argued that modern connectionism offers a medium for conducting synthetic psychology, provided that researchers analyze the internal representations that their networks develop. The paper then provides a (...)
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  36.  49
    The scientific background to modern philosophy: selected readings.Michael R. Matthews (ed.) - 2022 - Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company.
    The first edition of The Scientific Background to Modern Philosophy took the dialogue of science and philosophy from Aristotle through to Newton. This second edition adds eight chapters, taking the dialogue through the Enlightenment and up to Darwin. This anthology is an attempt to help bridge the gap between the history of science and the history of philosophy.
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  37. Argument and Perception: The Role of Literature in Moral Inquiry.Michael R. DePaul - 1988 - Journal of Philosophy 85 (10):552-565.
  38. The Foundations of Knowledge and the Logic of Substance: The Structure of Locke's General Philosophy.Michael R. Ayers - 1998 - In Vere Chappell (ed.), Locke. Oxford University Press.
  39. The Problem of the Criterion and Coherence Methods in Ethics.Michael R. DePaul - 1988 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):67 - 86.
    One merit claimed for john rawls's coherence method, Wide reflective equilibrium, Is that it transcends the traditional two tiered approach to moral inquiry according to which one must choose as one's starting points either particular moral judgments or general moral principles. The two tiered conception of philosophical method is not limited to ethics. The most detailed exposition of the conception can be found in r m chisholm's various discussions of the problem of the criterion. While chisholm's work has played a (...)
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  40.  5
    Interpreting the Internal Structure of a Connectionist Model of the Balance Scale Task.Michael R. W. Dawson & Corinne Zimmerman - 2003 - Brain and Mind 4 (2):129-149.
    One new tradition that has emerged from early research on autonomous robots is embodied cognitive science. This paper describes the relationship between embodied cognitive science and a related tradition, synthetic psychology. It is argued that while both are synthetic, embodied cognitive science is antirepresentational while synthetic psychology still appeals to representations. It is further argued that modern connectionism offers a medium for conducting synthetic psychology, provided that researchers analyze the internal representations that their networks develop. The paper then provides a (...)
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  41.  42
    The highest moral knowledge and the truth behind internalism.Michael R. DePaul - 1991 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 29 (S1):137-160.
  42.  26
    The Rationality of Belief in God: MICHAEL R. DEPAUL.Michael R. Depaul - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (3):343-356.
    In the introduction to his account of the debate concerning religion between Cleanthes, Philo and Demea, Pamphilus remarks that ‘reasonable men may be allowed to differ where no one can reasonably be positive’. Pamphilus goes on to suggest that natural theology is an area that abounds with issues about which ‘no one can reasonably be positive’. Assuming that the beliefs of reasonable men are themselves reasonable, Pamphilus can be interpreted as holding that If no one is reasonably positive that the (...)
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  43.  21
    The theory of ecology.Samuel M. Scheiner & Michael R. Willig (eds.) - 2011 - London: University of Chicago Press.
    Despite claims to the contrary, the science of ecology has a long history of building theories. Many ecological theories are mathematical, computational, or statistical, though, and rarely have attempts been made to organize or extrapolate these models into broader theories. The Theory of Ecology brings together some of the most respected and creative theoretical ecologists of this era to advance a comprehensive, conceptual articulation of ecological theories. The contributors cover a wide range of topics, from ecological niche theory to population (...)
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  44. The origins of the neutral theory of molecular evolution.Michael R. Dietrich - 1994 - Journal of the History of Biology 27 (1):21-59.
  45.  29
    Moral judgment.Michael R. Waldmann, Jonas Nagel & Alex Wiegmann - 2012 - The Oxford Handbook of Thinking and Reasoning.
    The past decade has seen a renewed interest in moral psychology. A unique feature of the present endeavor is its unprecedented interdisciplinarity. For the first time, cognitive, social, and developmental psychologists, neuroscientists, experimental philosophers, evolutionary biologists, and anthropologists collaborate to study the same or overlapping phenomena. This review focuses on moral judgments and is written from the perspective of cognitive psychologists interested in theories of the cognitive and affective processes underlying judgments in moral domains. The review will first present and (...)
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  46.  34
    How to choose your research organism.Michael R. Dietrich, Rachel A. Ankeny, Nathan Crowe, Sara Green & Sabina Leonelli - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 80:101227.
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  47.  27
    Adaptive flexibility, testosterone, and mating fitness: Are low FA individuals the pinnacle of evolution?Michael R. Cunningham - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):599-600.
    The expansion of human evolutionary theory into the domain of personal and environmental determinants of mating strategies is applauded. Questions are raised about the relation between fluctuating asymmetry (FA), testosterone, and body size and their effects on male behavior and outcomes. Low FA males' short-term mating pattern is considered in the context of an evolved tendency for closer and longer human relationships.
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  48.  4
    The Psychology of Coronavirus Behavioral Health Mindset, Vaccination Receptivity, Customer Orientation and Community Public Service.Michael R. Cunningham, Perri B. Druen, M. Cynthia Logsdon, Brian W. Dreschler, Anita P. Barbee, Ruth L. Carrico, Steven W. Billings & John W. Jones - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Three studies were conducted to explore the psychological determinants of COVID-deterrent behaviors. In Study 1, using data collected and analyzed both before and after the release of COVID-19 vaccines, mask-wearing, other preventative behaviors like social distancing, and vaccination intentions were positively related to assessments of the Coronavirus Behavioral Health Mindset ; belief in the credibility of science; progressive political orientation; less use of repressive and more use of sensitization coping; and the attribution of COVID-19 safety to effort rather than ability, (...)
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  49.  28
    Digital people, digital places: Rethinking privacy in a world of geographic information.Michael R. Curry - 1997 - Ethics and Behavior 7 (3):253 – 263.
    With respect to the right of privacy, some of the most difficult concerns arise from the map, and especially the modern, computer-generated map. Maps support a view in which the local--and the private--are unimportant, as they represent the world in ways that make places seem fundamentally alike. By geocoding he location of people, places, and events, maps offer a universal set of identifiers, one much more difficult to regulate than traditional identifiers like the social security number. At the same time, (...)
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  50.  49
    Better theories are needed to distinguish perception from cognition.Michael R. W. Dawson & C. Darren Piercey - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):374-375.
    Pylyshyn argues that many of the methods used to study perception are too coarse to detect the distinction between perceptual and cognitive processing. We suggest that the reason for this is that the theories used to guide research in perception are at fault. More powerful theories – for instance, computer simulations – will be required to identify where perception ends and where cognition begins.
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