Results for 'Nickolas B. Cottrell'

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  1.  17
    Interactive Effect of Drive and S-R Compatibility on Speed of Digit Coding.Dennis L. Wack & Nickolas B. Cottrell - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):562.
  2. Toward a Better Theory of Very Low Fertility: Lessons From Italy.M. J. di KertzerWhite, L. Bernardi, G. Gabrielli, E. B. Cottrell, T. P. Gerber, L. Toulemon, R. Retherford, N. Ogawa & R. Matsukura - 2007 - Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (4):493-515.
  3.  36
    Keynes's Theory of Probability and Its Relevance to His Economics: Three Theses: Allin Cottrell.Allin Cottrell - 1993 - Economics and Philosophy 9 (1):25-51.
    One calls a lot of things propositions. If one sees this, then one can discard the idea Russell and Frege had that logic is a science of certain objects – propositions, functions, the logical constants – and that logic is like a natural science such as zoology and talks about these objects as zoology talks of animals. Like a natural science, it could supposedly discover certain relations. For example, Keynes claimed to discover a probability relation which was like implication, yet (...)
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  4.  63
    Plato's Ion: The Problem of the Author: Nickolas Pappas.Nickolas Pappas - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (249):381-389.
    Today Plato's Ion, thought one of his weaker works, gets little attention. But in the past it has had its admirers–in 1821, for example, Percy Bysshe Shelley translated it into English. Shelley, like other Romantic readers of Plato, was drawn to the Ion's account of divine inspiration in poetry. He recommended the dialogue to Thomas Love Peacock as a reply to the latter's Four Ages of Poetry: Shelley thought the Ion would refute Peacock's charge that poetry is useless in a (...)
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  5. David Hume: Imagination.Jonathan Cottrell - 2015 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This article explains Hume's conception of the imagination and its relations to our other faculties of thought, highlighting the continuities and discontinuities between his views and those of his Early Modern predecessors. It then presents some of the basic functions that Hume thinks the imagination performs, and surveys some highlights of his science of man, showing how he uses the imagination’s basic functions to explain several important mental phenomena; examines “fictions of the imagination,” which have an important place in his (...)
     
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  6.  26
    The Paradox of Wuwei? Yes (and No).Nickolas Knightly - 2013 - Asian Philosophy 23 (2):115-136.
    This essay considers P. J. Ivanhoe's critical challenge to Slingerland's analysis of wuwei. While I agree with Ivanhoe that we should do more work to embody and understand the concept of wuwei, I will defend Slingerland's notion that wuwei involves paradox—particularly in the cases of Zhuangi and Laozi. The present essay is not a defense of the specifics of Slingerland's analysis. Nonetheless, this essay focuses on defending the notion of paradox. Ivanhoe offers an alternative view of wuwei, one that sees (...)
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  7.  25
    [Letter From B. M. Laing].B. M. Laing - 1932 - Philosophy 7 (27):374-374.
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  8.  62
    Sniffing the Camembert: On the Conceivability of Zombies.Allin Cottrell - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (1):4-12.
    The ‘real’ issue concerns the status of qualia, that is, the subjective sensory states into which we are thrown when looking at a yellow leaf, hearing a musical chord, sniffing a camembert, or running our fingers over a piece of sandpaper. Is it possible to provide a satisfactory account of such states using only the resources of a materialist functionalism? Or is it the case -- as it has seemed to many, and as it seems to David Chalmers -- that (...)
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  9. Content and Cluster Analysis: Assessing Representational Similarity in Neural Systems.Aarre Laakso & Garrison W. Cottrell - 2000 - Philosophical Psychology 13 (1):47-76.
    If connectionism is to be an adequate theory of mind, we must have a theory of representation for neural networks that allows for individual differences in weighting and architecture while preserving sameness, or at least similarity, of content. In this paper we propose a procedure for measuring sameness of content of neural representations. We argue that the correct way to compare neural representations is through analysis of the distances between neural activations, and we present a method for doing so. We (...)
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  10.  44
    Intentionality and Economics.Allin Cottrell - 1995 - Economics and Philosophy 11 (1):159.
    In his recent book, Economics – Mathematical Politics or Science of Diminishing Returns, Alexander Rosenberg has offered a forceful critique of the scientific pretensions of economics. I am encouraged to note that in his JEL review, Wade Hands singles out Rosenberg's ‘important discussion of intentionality’ as one of the most significant aspects of the book. Encouraged, because this was exactly my impression, and Hands's judgment confirmed my intention to respond to Rosenberg's argument. I hope, however, to be able to disappoint (...)
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  11.  27
    On the Formation of Interstitial Loops in B.C.C. Metals.B. L. Eyre & R. Bullough - 1965 - Philosophical Magazine 12 (115):31-39.
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  12. Retelling Experiments: H. B. D. Kettlewell’s Studies of Industrial Melanism in Peppered Moths. [REVIEW]Joel B. Hagen - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (1):39-54.
    H. B. D. Kettlewell's field experiments on industrial melanism in the peppered moth, Biston betularia, have become the best known demonstration of natural selection in action. I argue that textbook accounts routinely portray this research as an example of controlled experimentation, even though this is historically misleading. I examine how idealized accounts of Kettlewell's research have been used by professional biologists and biology teachers. I also respond to some criticisms of David Rudge to my earlier discussions of this case study, (...)
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  13. Last Judgment: The Visionary Biology of J. B. S. Haldane. [REVIEW]Mark B. Adams - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):457 - 491.
    This paper seeks to reinterpret the life and work of J. B. S. Haldane by focusing on an illuminating but largely ignored essay he published in 1927, "The Last Judgment" -- the sequel to his better known work, "Daedalus" (1924). This astonishing essay expresses a vision of the human future over the next 40,000,000 years, one that revises and updates Wellsian futurism with the long range implications of the "new biology" for human destiny. That vision served as a kind of (...)
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  14.  57
    Hume on Mental Representation and Intentionality.Jonathan David Cottrell - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (7):e12505.
  15. A Puzzle About Fictions in the Treatise.Jonathan Cottrell - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (1):47-73.
    in the treatise, hume claims to identify many “fictions of the imagination” among both “vulgar” and philosophical beliefs. To name just a few, these include the fiction of one aggregate composed of many parts,1 the fiction of a material object’s identity through change, and the fiction of a human mind’s identity through change and interruption in its existence. Hume claims that these fictions and others like them are somehow defective: in his words, they are “improper,” “inexact,” or not “strict”. I (...)
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  16. Minds, Composition, and Hume's Skepticism in the Appendix.Jonathan Cottrell - 2015 - Philosophical Review 124 (4):533-569.
    This essay gives a new interpretation of Hume's second thoughts about minds in the Appendix, based on a new interpretation of his view of composition. In Book 1 of the Treatise, Hume argued that, as far as we can conceive it, a mind is a whole composed by all its perceptions. But—this essay argues—he also held that several perceptions form a whole only if the mind to which they belong supplies a “connexion” among them. In order to do so, it (...)
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  17. Kant's Virtue Ethics: Robert B. Louden.Robert B. Louden - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (238):473 - 489.
    Among moral attributes true virtue alone is sublime. … [I]t is only by means of this idea [of virtue] that any judgment as to moral worth or its opposite is possible. … Everything good that is not based on a morally good disposition … is nothing but pretence and glittering misery. 1.
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  18. : A Dual-Process Approach to Cognitive Development: The Case of Children's Understanding of Sunk Cost Decisions.Paul A. Klaczynski & Jennifer M. Cottrell - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):147 – 174.
    Only in recent years have developmental psychologists begun advocating and exploring dual-process theories and their applicability to cognitive development. In this paper, a dual-process model of developments in two processing systems—an “analytic” and an “experiential” system—is discussed. We emphasise the importance of “metacognitive intercession” and developments in this ability to override experiential processing. In each of two studies of sunk cost decisions, age-related developments in normative decisions were observed, as were declines in the use of a “waste not” heuristic. In (...)
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  19. Plato and the Republic.Nickolas Pappas - 1999 - Mind 108 (431):601-606.
     
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  20.  6
    Knowing in the Context of Acting: The Task Dynamics of the A-Not-B Error.Linda B. Smith, Esther Thelen, Robert Titzer & Dewey McLin - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (2):235-260.
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  21.  11
    Resuscitation and Resurrection: The Ethics of Cloning Cheetahs, Mammoths, and Neanderthals.Sariah Cottrell, Jamie L. Jensen & Steven L. Peck - 2014 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 10 (1).
    Recent events and advances address the possibility of cloning endangered and extinct species. The ethics of these types of cloning have special considerations, uniquely different from the types of cloning commonly practiced. Cloning of cheetahs may be ethically appropriate, given certain constraints. However, the ethics of cloning extinct species varies; for example, cloning mammoths and Neanderthals is more ethically problematic than conservation cloning, and requires more attention. Cloning Neanderthals in particular is likely unethical and such a project should not be (...)
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  22.  5
    The Solution of Inert Gas Atoms in Metals.D. E. Rimmer & A. H. Cottrell - 1957 - Philosophical Magazine 2 (23):1345-1353.
  23.  11
    What is It Like to Be an Aardvark?: B. R. Tilghman.B. R. Tilghman - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (257):325-338.
    The Alligator's Child was full of 'satiable curtiosity. One day while rummaging in a trunk in the lumber room he came across a photograph of his father wearing an aardvark uniform and standing by a large ant hill. All excitement, he rushed to his father and breathlessly said, ‘Father, I didn't know that you had been an aardvark! What is it like to be an aardvark?’.
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  24.  4
    LXXII. Creep of Alpha Uranium During Irradiation with Neutrons.A. C. Roberts & A. H. Cottrell - 1956 - Philosophical Magazine 1 (8):711-717.
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  25.  22
    Contradiction and Freedom: B. H. Slater.B. H. Slater - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (245):317-330.
    Jean-Paul Sartre, in describing the realization of his freedom, was often inclined to say mysterious things like ‘I am what I am not’, ‘I am not what I am’ He was therefore plainly contradicting himself, but was this merely a playful literary figure , or was he really being incoherent? By the latter judgment I do not mean to reject his statements entirely ; for I believe there is an intimate link between contradiction and freedom, as I shall explain in (...)
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  26. Human Flourishing and the Appeal to Human Nature*: DOUGLAS B. RASMUSSEN.Douglas B. Rasmussen - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (1):1-43.
    If “perfectionism” in ethics refers to those normative theories that treat the fulfillment or realization of human nature as central to an account of both goodness and moral obligation, in what sense is “human flourishing” a perfectionist notion? How much of what we take “human flourishing” to signify is the result of our understanding of human nature? Is the content of this concept simply read off an examination of our nature? Is there no place for diversity and individuality? Is the (...)
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  27. Carlin A Barton and Daniel Boyarin, Imagine No Religion: How Modern Abstractions Hide Ancient Realities. [REVIEW]Nickolas P. Roubekas - 2017 - Critical Research on Religion 5 (2):217-221.
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  28.  9
    Lomer-Cottrell Locks in a Cu-15 At. % Al Alloy.T. C. Tisone, J. O. Brittain & M. Meshii - 1967 - Philosophical Magazine 16 (141):647-650.
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  29.  7
    Thermodynamic Aspects of Cottrell Atmospheres.J. W. Cahn - 2013 - Philosophical Magazine 93 (28-30):3741-3746.
  30. The Need for Ontology: Some Choices: C. B. Martin.C. B. Martin - 1993 - Philosophy 68 (266):505-522.
    The aim of this paper is to set out some of the ontologies amongst which some forms of anti-realism must select. This provides the appropriate setting for presenting an alternative realist ontology. The argument is that the choice between the varieties of anti-realism and realism is inevitably a choice between ontologies.
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  31.  2
    Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Plato and the Republic.Nickolas Pappas - 1995 - Routledge.
    Plato's _Republic _is perhaps the most significant and important work of philosophy and is Plato's most famous work. No other work has made such an impact on the history of western thought. In this second edition of the highly successful Routledge Philosophy GuideBook to Plato and the _Republic_, Nickolas Pappas extends his exploration of the text to include substantial revisions and new material. In addition to the existing text, the chapters on Plato's ethics and politics have been revised and (...)
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  32.  3
    To H.B. Curry: Essays on Combinatory Logic, Lambda Calculus, and Formalism.Haskell B. Curry, J. Roger Hindley & J. P. Seldin (eds.) - 1980 - Academic Press.
  33.  18
    The Philosophy of Mr. B*Rtr*Nd R*Ss*Ll: With an Appendix of Leading Passages From Certain Other Works. A Skit.Philip E. B. Jourdain (ed.) - 1918 - Routledge.
    This skit of Bertrand Russell’s philosophy was originally published in 1918 by Russell’s correspondent friend Jourdain. The introduction explains that the contents purport to be lost papers written by Mr. B*rtr*nd R*ss*ll, a contemporary of Bertrand Russell. This politically humorous volume from the early 20 th Century parodies the writing style of Russell as well as his theories.
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  34.  14
    Exploration Beyond Seismic: The Role of Electromagnetics and Gravity Gradiometry in Deep Water Subsalt Plays of the Red Sea.Daniele Colombo, Gary McNeice, Nickolas Raterman, Mike Zinger, Diego Rovetta & Ernesto Sandoval Curiel - 2014 - Interpretation: SEG 2 (3):SH33-SH53.
    The Red Sea is characterized by thick salt sequences representing a seal for potential hydrocarbon accumulations within Tertiary formations deposited over deep basement structures. The Red Sea “salt” is characterized by halite concentrations embedded in layered evaporite sequences composed of evaporite and clastic lithologies. Salt complicates seismic exploration efforts in the Red Sea by generating vertical and lateral velocity variations that are difficult to estimate by seismic methods alone. In these conditions, the exploration challenges of independently imaging the subsalt section (...)
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  35.  7
    Review: Pierre Klossowski, Living Currency. [REVIEW]Nickolas Calabrese - 2018 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 26 (54).
    Pierre Klossowski’s last major theoretical text Living Currency saw it’s first official1 translation into English in May 2017, nearly fifty years after it was published in French. On the back of the book is a blurb quoting Foucault, in which he calls it ‘the greatest book of our time’. This was almost certainly hyperbole; but whether or not his appraisal was correct, it is a good book that advances a key to understanding Klossowski’s literary and visual relationship to the exploited (...)
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  36. Seeing Is Believing: Against the Notion of Non-Perceptual Art.Nickolas Calabrese - 2015 - Dialogue 54 (2).
  37. Nickolas Pappas, Plato and the Republic.D. W. Hamlyn - 1997 - Philosophical Investigations 20:155-155.
     
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  38.  9
    Nickolas A. Haydock, Situational Poetics in Robert Henryson's “Testament of Cresseid.”. Amherst, NY: Cambria Press, 2011. Pp. Xii, 376; 6 Black-and-White Figures. $119.99. ISBN: 9781604977660. [REVIEW]Iain Macleod Higgins - 2013 - Speculum 88 (3):810-811.
  39.  2
    Inbreeding and Outbreeding.Nickolas M. Waser & Charles F. Williams - 2001 - In C. W. Fox D. A. Roff (ed.), Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies. pp. 84--96.
  40.  91
    Voluntarism and the Origins of Utilitarianism: J. B. Schneewind.J. B. Schneewind - 1995 - Utilitas 7 (1):87-96.
    In the paper I offer a brief sketch of one of the sources of utilitarianism. Our biological ancestry is a matter of fact that is not altered by the way we describe ourselves. With philosophical theories it is otherwise. Utilitarianism can be described in ways that make it look as if it is as old as moral philosophy – as J. S. Mill thought it was. For my historical purposes, it is more useful to have an account that brings out (...)
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  41.  17
    Neurocomputational Models of Face Processing.Garrison W. Cottrell & Janet H. Hsiao - 2011 - In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. Oxford University Press. pp. 401.
    This article delineates two dimensions along which computational models of face processing may vary, and briefly review three such models, the Dailey and Cottrell model; the O'Reilly and Munakata model; and the Riesenhuber and Poggio. It focuses primarily on one of the models and shows how this model is used to reveal potential mechanisms underlying the neural processing of faces and objects—the development of a specialized face processor, how it could be recruited for other domains, hemispheric lateralization of face (...)
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  42. HART, B. -The Psychology of Insanity. [REVIEW]B. Muscio - 1913 - Mind 22:410.
     
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  43. Constructing Normative Objectivity in Ethics: David B. Wong.David B. Wong - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):237-266.
    This essay explains the inescapability of moral demands. I deny that the individual has genuine reason to comply with these demands only if she has desires that would be served by doing so. Rather, the learning of moral reasons helps to shape and channel self- and other-interested motivations so as to facilitate and promote social cooperation. This shaping happens through the “embedding” of reasons in the intentional objects of motivational propensities. The dominance of the instrumental conception of reason, according to (...)
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  44.  10
    Philosophizing: A. B. Palma.A. B. Palma - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (255):41-51.
    1. Many philosophers, including the later Wittgenstein, have concerned themselves with the question ‘What is philosophy?’ In this paper I shall say some things about the activity of philosophizing. What I shall say is not new or revealing; none the less, it might be worth saying what I do say. For philosophers, especially if they are professionally occupied with their subject, sometimes overlook some interesting, and some human, aspects of their profession.
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  45. ELLIS, B. "Rational Belief Systems". [REVIEW]B. Carr - 1981 - Mind 90:457.
     
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  46.  19
    Malina, B J & Neyrey, J H - Portraits of Paul: An Archaeology of Ancient Personality.B. J. Malina & J. H. Neyrey - 1998 - Hts Theological Studies 54 (1/2).
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  47.  87
    Agent-Neutral Reasons: Are They for Everyone?: B. C. Postow.B. C. Postow - 1997 - Utilitas 9 (2):249-257.
    According to both deontologists and consequentialists, if there is a reason to promote the general happiness – or to promote any other state of affairs unrelated to one's own projects or self-interest – then the reason must apply to everyone. This view seems almost self-evident; to challenge it is to challenge the way we think of moral reasons. I contend, however, that the view depends on the unwarranted assumption that the only way to restrict the application scope of a reason (...)
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  48. B. BAERTSCHI, FR. AZOUVI: "Maine de Biran et la Suisse". [REVIEW]B. Baertschi - 1986 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 118:106.
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  49. B. Referate Uber Fremdsprachige Neuerscheinungen-Enabling Social Europe.B. V. Maydell, K. Borchardt, K. D. Henke, R. Leitner & Simon Derpmann - 2006 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 59 (3):303.
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  50.  5
    Frank B. Cannonito. Hierarchies of Computable Groups and the Word Problem. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 31 , Pp. 376–392.B. H. Mayoh - 1968 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 33 (1):121.
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