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Robert Morris [21]Rekha Morris [9]Rebecca Lea Morris [8]R. Morris [7]
Randall C. Morris [7]Rebecca Morris [5]Robert Morris Jr [4]Richard Morris [4]

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  1. Philosophy of mathematical practice: A primer for mathematics educators.Yacin Hamami & Rebecca Morris - 2020 - ZDM Mathematics Education 52:1113–1126.
    In recent years, philosophical work directly concerned with the practice of mathematics has intensified, giving rise to a movement known as the philosophy of mathematical practice . In this paper we offer a survey of this movement aimed at mathematics educators. We first describe the core questions philosophers of mathematical practice investigate as well as the philosophical methods they use to tackle them. We then provide a selective overview of work in the philosophy of mathematical practice covering topics including the (...)
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  2.  64
    Exploring Employee Engagement with Social Responsibility: A Social Exchange Perspective on Organisational Participation.R. E. Slack, S. Corlett & R. Morris - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (3):537-548.
    Corporate social responsibility is a recognised and common part of business activity. Some of the regularly cited motives behind CSR are employee morale, recruitment and retention, with employees acknowledged as a key organisational stakeholder. Despite the significance of employees in relation to CSR, relatively few studies have examined their engagement with CSR and the impediments relevant to this engagement. This exploratory case study-based research addresses this paucity of attention, drawing on one to one interviews and observation in a large UK (...)
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  3. Plans and planning in mathematical proofs.Yacin Hamami & Rebecca Lea Morris - 2020 - Review of Symbolic Logic 14 (4):1030-1065.
    In practice, mathematical proofs are most often the result of careful planning by the agents who produced them. As a consequence, each mathematical proof inherits a plan in virtue of the way it is produced, a plan which underlies its “architecture” or “unity”. This paper provides an account of plans and planning in the context of mathematical proofs. The approach adopted here consists in looking for these notions not in mathematical proofs themselves, but in the agents who produced them. The (...)
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  4.  69
    Motivated proofs: What they are, why they matter and how to write them.Rebecca Lea Morris - 2020 - Review of Symbolic Logic 13 (1):23-46.
    Mathematicians judge proofs to possess, or lack, a variety of different qualities, including, for example, explanatory power, depth, purity, beauty and fit. Philosophers of mathematical practice have begun to investigate the nature of such qualities. However, mathematicians frequently draw attention to another desirable proof quality: being motivated. Intuitively, motivated proofs contain no "puzzling" steps, but they have received little further analysis. In this paper, I begin a philosophical investigation into motivated proofs. I suggest that a proof is motivated if and (...)
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  5.  47
    Character and object.Rebecca Morris & Jeremy Avigad - 2016 - Review of Symbolic Logic 9 (3):480-510.
    In 1837, Dirichlet proved that there are infinitely many primes in any arithmetic progression in which the terms do not all share a common factor. Modern presentations of the proof are explicitly higher-order, in that they involve quantifying over and summing over Dirichlet characters, which are certain types of functions. The notion of a character is only implicit in Dirichlet’s original proof, and the subsequent history shows a very gradual transition to the modern mode of presentation. In this essay, we (...)
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  6.  85
    Dedekind’s structuralism: creating concepts and deriving theorems.Wilfried Sieg & Rebecca Morris - 2018 - In Erich Reck (ed.), Logic, Philosophy of Mathematics, and their History: Essays in Honor W.W. Tait. College Publications.
    Dedekind’s structuralism is a crucial source for the structuralism of mathematical practice—with its focus on abstract concepts like groups and fields. It plays an equally central role for the structuralism of philosophical analysis—with its focus on particular mathematical objects like natural and real numbers. Tensions between these structuralisms are palpable in Dedekind’s work, but are resolved in his essay Was sind und was sollen die Zahlen? In a radical shift, Dedekind extends his mathematical approach to “the” natural numbers. He creates (...)
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  7. Opinion: Reproducibility failures are essential to scientific inquiry.A. David Redish, Erich Kummerfeld, Rebecca Morris & Alan Love - 2018 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115 (20):5042-5046.
    Current fears of a “reproducibility crisis” have led researchers, sources of scientific funding, and the public to question both the efficacy and trustworthiness of science. Suggested policy changes have been focused on statistical problems, such as p-hacking, and issues of experimental design and execution. However, “reproducibility” is a broad concept that includes a number of issues. Furthermore, reproducibility failures occur even in fields such as mathematics or computer science that do not have statistical problems or issues with experimental design. Most (...)
     
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  8.  65
    Anosognosia in Alzheimer’s disease – The petrified self.Daniel C. Mograbi, Richard G. Brown & Robin G. Morris - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):989-1003.
    This paper reviews the literature concerning the neural correlates of the self, the relationship between self and memory and the profile of memory impairments in Alzheimer’s disease and explores the relationship between the preservation of the self and anosognosia in this condition. It concludes that a potential explanation for anosognosia in AD is a lack of updating of personal information due to the memory impairments characteristic of this disease. We put forward the hypothesis that anosognosia is due in part to (...)
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  9.  74
    Do mathematical explanations have instrumental value?Rebecca Lea Morris - 2019 - Synthese (2):1-20.
    Scientific explanations are widely recognized to have instrumental value by helping scientists make predictions and control their environment. In this paper I raise, and provide a first analysis of, the question whether explanatory proofs in mathematics have analogous instrumental value. I first identify an important goal in mathematical practice: reusing resources from existing proofs to solve new problems. I then consider the more specific question: do explanatory proofs have instrumental value by promoting reuse of the resources they contain? In general, (...)
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  10.  24
    Rationality in Mathematical Proofs.Yacin Hamami & Rebecca Lea Morris - 2023 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 101 (4):793-808.
    Mathematical proofs are not sequences of arbitrary deductive steps—each deductive step is, to some extent, rational. This paper aims to identify and characterize the particular form of rationality at play in mathematical proofs. The approach adopted consists in viewing mathematical proofs as reports of proof activities—that is, sequences of deductive inferences—and in characterizing the rationality of the former in terms of that of the latter. It is argued that proof activities are governed by specific norms of rational planning agency, and (...)
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  11. Can the Subaltern Speak?: Reflections on the History of an Idea.Rosalind Morris (ed.) - 2010 - Columbia University Press.
    Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak's original essay "Can the Subaltern Speak?" transformed the analysis of colonialism through an eloquent and uncompromising argument that affirmed the contemporary relevance of Marxism while using deconstructionist methods to explore the international division of labor and capitalism's "worlding" of the world. Spivak's essay hones in on the historical and ideological factors that obstruct the possibility of being heard for those who inhabit the periphery. It is a probing interrogation of what it means to have political subjectivity, to (...)
  12.  51
    The concept of “character” in Dirichlet’s theorem on primes in an arithmetic progression.Jeremy Avigad & Rebecca Morris - 2014 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 68 (3):265-326.
    In 1837, Dirichlet proved that there are infinitely many primes in any arithmetic progression in which the terms do not all share a common factor. We survey implicit and explicit uses ofDirichlet characters in presentations of Dirichlet’s proof in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, with an eye toward understanding some of the pragmatic pressures that shaped the evolution of modern mathematical method.
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  13.  52
    Intellectual generosity and the reward structure of mathematics.Rebecca Lea Morris - 2020 - Synthese (1-2):1-23.
    Prominent mathematician William Thurston was praised by other mathematicians for his intellectual generosity. But what does it mean to say Thurston was intellectually generous? And is being intellectually generous beneficial? To answer these questions I turn to virtue epistemology and, in particular, Roberts and Wood's (2007) analysis of intellectual generosity. By appealing to Thurston's own writings and interviewing mathematicians who knew and worked with him, I argue that Roberts and Wood's analysis nicely captures the sense in which he was intellectually (...)
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  14.  50
    Stranger in a strange land: an optimal-environments account of evolutionary mismatch.Rick Morris - 2020 - Synthese 197 (9):4021-4046.
    In evolutionary medicine, researchers characterize some outcomes as evolutionary mismatch. Mismatch problems arise as the result of organisms living in environments to which they are poorly adapted, typically as the result of some rapid environmental change. Depression, anxiety, obesity, myopia, insomnia, breast cancer, dental problems, and numerous other negative health outcomes have all been characterized as mismatch problems. The exact nature of evolutionary mismatch itself is unclear, however. This leads to a lack of clarity about the sorts of problems that (...)
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  15.  35
    Understanding in mathematics: The case of mathematical proofs.Yacin Hamami & Rebecca Lea Morris - forthcoming - Noûs.
    Although understanding is the object of a growing literature in epistemology and the philosophy of science, only few studies have concerned understanding in mathematics. This essay offers an account of a fundamental form of mathematical understanding: proof understanding. The account builds on a simple idea, namely that understanding a proof amounts to rationally reconstructing its underlying plan. This characterization is fleshed out by specifying the relevant notion of plan and the associated process of rational reconstruction, building in part on Bratman's (...)
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  16.  38
    Equity and need when waiting for total hip replacement surgery.Ray Fitzpatrick, Josephine M. Norquist, Barnaby C. Reeves, Richard W. Morris, David W. Murray & Paul J. Gregg - 2004 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (1):3-9.
  17. Episodic-like memory in animals: psychological criteria, neural mechanisms and the value of episodic-like tasks to investigate animal models of neurodegenerative disease.Richard G. M. Morris - 2002 - In Alan Baddeley, John Aggleton & Martin Conway (eds.), Episodic Memory: New Directions in Research. Oxford University Press.
  18.  38
    II.“Relatively Blunt” Critical Response.Jacques Rancière, Marie‐José Mondzain, Wendy Grace, Robert Morris, Mark Seltzer, Franco Moretti & Katie Trumpener - 2009 - Critical Inquiry 36 (1):134-158.
  19.  19
    1. Becoming Inorganic Becoming Inorganic (pp. 547-570).Teresa de Lauretis, Hélène Mialet, Jessica Riskin, Charity Scribner, Jacqueline Stewart, Robert Morris & Fredric Jameson - 2003 - Critical Inquiry 29 (4):547-570.
  20.  35
    Lavoisier and the Caloric Theory.Robert J. Morris - 1972 - British Journal for the History of Science 6 (1):1-38.
    Professional historians of science generally recognize the importance of Lavoisier's theory of heat. However, it commonly receives scant attention in the historical treatment of his chemical theories except perhaps as an example illustrating his conservatism and giving the impression that the caloric theory, although perhaps important in the development of ideas on the nature of heat, is independent of and bears little relationship to his general chemistry or is incidental to an understanding of that chemistry. An examination of Lavoisier's writings (...)
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  21. Parapsychology and the demarcation problem.Robert L. Morris - 1987 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):241 – 251.
    Many writers have attempted to develop criteria to demarcate between competent science and pseudo?science. Such attempts can be aimed at sizeable, organized endeavours, such as mesmerism and astrology, or at the level of individual practice. The latter is seen by some, such as Lugg, as more likely to be feasible and useful. This paper argues that parapsychology, due to its complexity and diversity, illustrates some of the problems of attempting to develop demarcation criteria for extensive endeavours. It is also suggested (...)
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  22.  34
    Process Philosophy and Political Ideology: The Social and Political Thought of Alfred North Whitehead and Charles Hartshorne.Randall C. Morris - 1991 - State University of New York Press.
    Provides an ideology-critique of Whitehead's and Hartshorne's metaphysics and demonstrates how their metaphysical principles reflect their personal commitments to the values and norms of the modern liberal political ideology.
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  23.  15
    Anillin: The First Proofreading‐like Scaffold?Richard G. Morris, Kabir B. Husain, Srikanth Budnar & Alpha S. Yap - 2020 - Bioessays 42 (10):2000055.
    Scaffolds are fundamental to many cellular signaling pathways. In this essay, a novel class of scaffolds are proposed, whose action bears striking resemblance to kinetic proofreading. Commonly, scaffold proteins are thought to work as tethers, bringing different components of a pathway together to improve the likelihood of their interaction. However, recent studies show that the cytoskeletal scaffold, anillin, supports contractile signaling by a novel, non‐tethering mechanism that controls the membrane dissociation kinetics of RhoA. More generally, such proof‐reading‐like scaffolds are distinguished (...)
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  24.  33
    Increasing Specialization: Why We Need to Make Mathematics More Accessible.Rebecca Lea Morris - 2020 - Social Epistemology 35 (1):37-47.
    Mathematics is becoming increasingly specialized, divided into a vast and growing number of subfields. While this division of cognitive labor has important benefits, it also has a significant drawb...
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  25.  40
    Auditors' willingness to advocate client-preferred accounting principles.William E. Shafer, Alice A. Ketchand & Roselyn E. Morris - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (3):213-227.
    This paper argues that independent auditors have lost sight of their obligation to be truly impartial, and have increasingly adopted an attitude of client advocacy. We argue that auditors have a professional obligation to go beyond merely passing judgment on whether client accounting methods are acceptable under GAAP, and to judge whether the principles adopted are the most appropriate under the circumstances. We then review recent evidence which suggests that auditors have abandoned this objective in favor of advocating client-preferred principles. (...)
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  26.  22
    Further contrasts between self-reflectiveness and internal state awareness factors of private self-consciousness.P. J. Watson, R. J. Morris & A. Hickman Ramsey - 1996 - Journal of Psychology 130:183-92.
  27.  28
    Interpretive Context, Counterpart Theory and Fictional Realism without Contradictions.Raphael Morris - 2019 - Disputatio 11 (54):231-253.
    Models for truth in fiction must be able to account for differing versions and interpretations of a given fiction in such a way that prevents contradictions from arising. I propose an analysis of truth in fiction designed to accommodate this. I examine both the interpretation of claims about truth in fiction (the ‘Interpretation Problem’) and the metaphysical nature of fictional worlds and entities (the ‘Metaphysical Problem’). My reply to the Interpretation Problem is a semantic contextualism influenced by Cameron (2012), while (...)
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  28.  20
    Lavoisier on Fire and Air: The Memoir of July 1772.Robert Morris Jr & Henry Guerlac - 1969 - Isis 60 (3):374-382.
  29. Praise, blame, and demandingness.Rick Morris - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (7):1857-1869.
    Consequentialism has been challenged on the grounds that it is too demanding. I will respond to the problem of demandingness differently from previous accounts. In the first part of the paper, I argue that consequentialism requires us to distinguish the justification of an act \ from the justification of an act \, where \ is an act of praise or blame. In the second part of the paper, I confront the problem of demandingness. I do not attempt to rule out (...)
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  30.  34
    Reliability and validity of the Intercollegiate Stroke Audit Package.P. H. Gompertz, P. Irwin, R. Morris, D. Lowe MSc Cstat, Z. Rutledge, A. G. Rudd & M. G. Pearson - 2001 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 7 (1):1-11.
  31.  19
    10. Books of Critical Interest Books of Critical Interest (pp. 622-631).Nancy Fraser, Peter Schwenger, Robert Morris, Bruce Holsinger, Garrett Stewart, Kate McLoughlin, Fredric Jameson, Ian Hunter & W. J. T. Mitchell - 2008 - Critical Inquiry 34 (3):543-562.
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  32.  17
    Writing with Davidson: Some Afterthoughts after Doing "Blind Time IV: Drawing with Davidson".Robert Morris - 1993 - Critical Inquiry 19 (4):617-627.
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  33. The Values of Mathematical Proofs.Rebecca Lea Morris - 2024 - In Bharath Sriraman (ed.), Handbook of the History and Philosophy of Mathematical Practice. Cham: Springer. pp. 2081-2112.
    Proofs are central, and unique, to mathematics. They establish the truth of theorems and provide us with the most secure knowledge we can possess. It is thus perhaps unsurprising that philosophers once thought that the only value proofs have lies in establishing the truth of theorems. However, such a view is inconsistent with mathematical practice. If a proof’s only value is to show a theorem is true, then mathematicians would have no reason to reprove the same theorem in different ways, (...)
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  34.  5
    Long-Term Potentiation: Enhancing Neuroscience for 30 Years.Timothy Bliss, Graham Collingridge & Richard Morris (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    In the thirty years since its discovery by Terje Lomo and Tim Bliss, Long Term Potentiation has become one of the most extensively studied topics in contemporary neuroscience. In LTP the strength of synapses between neurons is potentiated following brief but intense activation. LTP is thought to play a central role in learning and memory, though the exact nature of its role is less clear. In spite of years of research, there are many questions about LTP regarding its functional relevance (...)
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  35.  10
    The Sixth Form and College EntranceGuide to the Sixth Form.W. H. Burston, R. N. Morris & D. P. M. Michael - 1970 - British Journal of Educational Studies 18 (1):92.
  36.  16
    The Underachiever in ReadingSuccess and Failure in Learning to ReadHousecraft in the Education of Handicapped ChildrenSigns, Signals and Symbols.M. F. Cleugh, H. Alan Robinson, R. Morris, Hilary M. Devereux & Stella E. Mason - 1963 - British Journal of Educational Studies 12 (1):104.
  37.  15
    A step linking memory to understanding?Mark A. Good & Richard G. M. Morris - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):477-478.
  38.  30
    Blind Time for Drawings with Davidson.J. J. H., Robert Morris & Donald Davidson - 1994 - Philosophical Quarterly 44 (175):277.
  39.  18
    Computational History of Philosophy of Science Dataset.Daniel J. Hicks, Rick Morris & Evelyn Brister - unknown
    The Computational History of Philosophy of Science Dataset aims to be a comprehensive set of article and book chapter metadata for philosophy of science. The dataset covers the full run of over 40 journals and 3 major book series in the field. An automated author disambiguation script is used to construct canonical names for each author, and a combination of gender attribution methods is used to attribute the gender of each author. The full code used to generate the dataset is (...)
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  40.  6
    Eye movements in skilled transcription typing.Albrecht Werner Inhoff, Robin Morris & John Calabrese - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (2):113-114.
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  41.  16
    Phenomena of awareness in dementia: Heterogeneity and its implications.Ivana S. Marková, Linda Clare, Christopher J. Whitaker, Ilona Roth, Sharon M. Nelis, Anthony Martyr, Judith L. Roberts, Robert T. Woods & Robin Morris - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 25:17-26.
    Despite much research on the relationship between awareness and dementia little can be concluded concerning their relationship and the role of other factors. It is likely that studies capture different phenomena of awareness. This study aimed at identifying and delineating such variation by analysing data from three questionnaires obtained during the longitudinal study of awareness in 101 people with early-stage dementia. The data concerned awareness in relation to memory, activities of daily living and socio-emotional function. Significant differences in patterns of (...)
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  42.  8
    Absolute capacity and the functional implications of spatial and working memory.R. G. M. Morris - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):338-338.
  43.  7
    A Few Thoughts on Bombs, Tennis, Free Will, Agency Reduction, the Museum, Dust Storms, and Labyrinths.Robert Morris - 2015 - Critical Inquiry 41 (2):289-311.
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  44. A retrospective examination of the Clio Club: An elementary social studies enrichment program offered as an extra-curricular activity.R. V. Morris - 2000 - Journal of Social Studies Research 4 (1):4-18.
     
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  45.  23
    A second look at religious orientation, social desirability, and prejudice.Ronald J. Morris, Ralph W. Hood & P. J. Watson - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (1):81-84.
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  46. A Twelve-Step Approach Exploring Cultural Bias, Racism, and Otherism.RevSeiho Mudo Morris - 2021 - In Valerie Mason-John (ed.), Afrikan wisdom: new voices talk Black liberation, Buddhism, and beyond. Berkeley: North Atlantic Books.
     
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  47.  6
    Blind Time VI, Moral Blinds, Moral Limit.Robert Morris - 2008 - Critical Inquiry 34 (S2):S170 - S171.
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  48.  22
    Commentary.Robert E. Morris & Edward G. Roberts - 1982 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 1 (2):69-73.
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  49.  43
    Christianity and Collectivistic Trends.Rudolph Edward Morris - 1948 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 23 (3):463-482.
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  50.  23
    Cézanne's Mountains.Robert Morris - 1998 - Critical Inquiry 24 (3):814-829.
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