Results for 'Randy Summers'

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  1.  33
    Motor Area Activity During Mental Rotation Studied by Time-Resolved Single-Trial fMRI.Wolfgang Richter, Randy Summers, Seong-Gi Kim & Carola Tegeler - unknown
    & The functional equivalence of overt movements and dynamic imagery is of fundamental importance in neuroscience. Here, we investigated the participation of the neocortical motor areas in a classic task of dynamic imagery, Shepard and Metzler's mental rotation task, by time-resolved single-trial functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). The subjects performed the mental-rotation task 16 times, each time with different object pairs. Functional images were acquired for each pair separately, and the onset times and..
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  2. Prescriptive Formality and Normative Rationality in Modern Legal Systems: Festschrift for Robert S. Summers.Werner Krawietz, Neil MacCormick, G. H. von Wright & Robert S. Summers (eds.) - 1994 - Duncker Und Humblot.
  3. Essays in Legal Philosophy Selected and Edited by Robert S. Summers.Robert S. Summers - 1970
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  4.  33
    The Judgment of Sense: Renaissance Naturalism and the Rise of Aesthestics.David Summers - 1987 - Cambridge University Press.
    'ith the rise of naturalism in the art of the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance there developed an extensive and diverse literature about art which helped to explain, justify, and shape its new aims. In this book, David Summers provides an original investigation of the philosophical and psychological notions invoked in this new theory and criticism. From a thorough examination of the sources, he shows how the medieval language of mental discourse derived from an understanding of classical thought. (...)
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  5.  20
    "Form," Nineteenth-Century Metaphysics, and the Problem of Art Historical Description.David Summers - 1989 - Critical Inquiry 15 (2):372-406.
    It will be useful to consider briefly how the ideas surrounding “form” work in practice. Such ideas rapidly developed to a high stage of sophistication, subtlety, and complexity, but they did not, I believe, stray from the foundations I have tried to indicate for them. Let us consider the example of Wilhelm Worringer, who, like Alois Riegl, found it preferable to discuss ornament rather than images because ornament is a purer expression of form and therefore provides a less encumbered view (...)
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  6.  23
    More Essays in Legal Philosophy.Robert S. Summers - 1971 - Berkeley: University of California Press.
    Notes on Criticism in Legal Philosophy ROBERT S. SUMMERS I. INTRODUCTION Legal philosophers criticize and evaluate as well as originate and expound. ...
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  7.  85
    Quantum Probability Theory.Miklós Rédei & Stephen Jeffrey Summers - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (2):390-417.
  8.  34
    Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc: Some Benefits of Rationalization.Jesse S. Summers - 2017 - Philosophical Explorations 20 (sup1):21-36.
    Research suggests that the explicit reasoning we offer to ourselves and to others is often rationalization, that we act instead on instincts, inclinations, stereotypes, emotions, neurobiology, habits, reactions, evolutionary pressures, unexamined principles, or justifications other than the ones we think we’re acting on, then we tell a post hoc story to justify our actions. I consider two benefits of rationalization, once we realize that rationalization is sincere. It allows us to work out, under practical pressure of rational consistency, which are (...)
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  9.  57
    Local Primitive Causality and the Common Cause Principle in Quantum Field Theory.Miklos Redei & Stephen J. Summers - 2001 - Foundations of Physics 32 (3):335-355.
    If $\mathcal{A}$ (V) is a net of local von Neumann algebras satisfying standard axioms of algebraic relativistic quantum field theory and V 1 and V 2 are spacelike separated spacetime regions, then the system ( $\mathcal{A}$ (V 1 ), $\mathcal{A}$ (V 2 ), φ) is said to satisfy the Weak Reichenbach's Common Cause Principle iff for every pair of projections A∈ $\mathcal{A}$ (V 1 ), B∈ $\mathcal{A}$ (V 2 ) correlated in the normal state φ there exists a projection C (...)
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  10.  15
    The Effects of the Dark Triad on Unethical Behavior.Brian Mennecke, James Summers & Andrew Harrison - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 153 (1):53-77.
    This article uses behavioral theories to develop an ethical decision-making model that describes how psychological factors affect the development of unethical intentions to commit fraud. We evaluate the effects of the dark triad of personality traits on fraud intentions and behaviors. We use a combination of survey results, an experiment, and structural equation modeling to empirically test our model. The theoretical insights demonstrate that psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and narcissism affect different parts of the unethical decision-making process. Narcissism motivates individuals to act (...)
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  11.  72
    Subsystems and Independence in Relativistic Microscopic Physics.Stephen J. Summers - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 40 (2):133-141.
  12.  21
    Rationalizing Our Way Into Moral Progress.Jesse S. Summers - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (1):93-104.
    Research suggests that the explicit reasoning we offer to ourselves and to others is often rationalization, that we act instead on instincts, inclinations, stereotypes, emotions, neurobiology, habits, reactions, evolutionary pressures, unexamined principles, or justifications other than the ones we think we’re acting on, then we tell a post hoc story to justify our actions. This is troubling for views of moral progress according to which moral progress proceeds from our engagement with our own and others’ reasons. I consider an account (...)
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  13.  69
    Rationalizing Our Way Into Moral Progress.Jesse S. Summers - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (5):1-12.
    Research suggests that the explicit reasoning we offer to ourselves and to others is often rationalization, that we act instead on instincts, inclinations, stereotypes, emotions, neurobiology, habits, reactions, evolutionary pressures, unexamined principles, or justifications other than the ones we think we’re acting on, then we tell a post hoc story to justify our actions. This is troubling for views of moral progress according to which moral progress proceeds from our engagement with our own and others’ reasons. I consider an account (...)
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  14.  29
    Research Methods in Taxation Ethics: Developing the Defining Issues Test (Dit) for a Tax-Specific Scenario. [REVIEW]Elaine Doyle, Jane Frecknall-Hughes & Barbara Summers - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):35 - 52.
    This paper reports on the development of a research instrument designed to explore ethical reasoning in a tax context. This research instrument is a version of the Defining Issues Test (DIT) originally developed by Rest [1979a, Development in Judging Moral Issues (Univer sity of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN); 1979b, Defining Issues Test (University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN)], but adapted to focus specifically on the environment encountered by tax practitioners. The paper explores reasons for developing a context-(and profession-) specific test, (...)
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  15.  6
    Understanding Emotion Inflexibility in Risk for Affective Disease: Integrating Current Research and Finding a Path Forward.Karin G. Coifman & Christopher B. Summers - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  16.  12
    An Examination of Ethical Influences on the Work of Tax Practitioners.Jane Frecknall-Hughes, Peter Moizer, Elaine Doyle & Barbara Summers - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 146 (4):729-745.
    As a contribution to the continuing debate about tax practitioner ethics, this paper explores the main streams of Western ethical thought that are relevant to tax practitioners’ work, most typically deontology and consequentialism. It then goes on to consider the impact of such ethical influences on the professional ethical codes of conduct that govern tax practitioners’ work, and attempts to unravel the complex work and ethical environment of the practice of tax in terms of tax compliance and tax avoidance. The (...)
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  17.  24
    Ethics in Tax Practice: A Study of the Effect of Practitioner Firm Size.Elaine Doyle, Jane Frecknall-Hughes & Barbara Summers - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (4):1-19.
    While much of the empirical accounting literature suggests that, if differences do exist, Big Four employees are more ethical than non-Big Four employees, this trend has not been evident in the recent media coverage of Big Four tax practitioners acting for multinationals accused of aggressive tax avoidance behaviour. However, there has been little exploration in the literature to date specifically of the relationship between firm size and ethics in tax practice. We aim here to address this gap, initially exploring tax (...)
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  18.  12
    How Bacteriophage Came to Be Used by the Phage Group.William C. Summers - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (2):255-267.
  19.  4
    Subsystems and Independence in Relativistic Microscopic Physics.Stephen J. Summers - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 40 (2):133-141.
  20.  28
    An Empirical Analysis of the Ethical Reasoning of Tax Practitioners.Elaine Doyle, Jane Frecknall Hughes & Barbara Summers - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (2):325-339.
    How tax practitioners approach ethical dilemmas remains generally unexplored in academic literature. We use here Rest’s original Defining Issues Test (Development in judging moral issues. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1979; Moral development. Advances in research and theory. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1986), combined with a tax context-specific test and in conjunction with a control group of non-tax specialists, to examine tax practitioners’ moral reasoning in a social and tax context. We investigate: (i) the effect of a tax context on (...)
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  21.  7
    Cerebellar Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Modulates Corticospinal Excitability During Motor Training.Rebekah L. S. Summers, Mo Chen, Andrea Hatch & Teresa J. Kimberley - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  22.  15
    Ouch.... You Just Dropped the Ashes.Chuck Summers - 2007 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 34 (1):68-76.
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  23.  31
    Form and Function in a Legal System: A General Study.Robert S. Summers - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book addresses three major questions about law and legal systems: (1) What are the defining and organizing forms of legal institutions, legal rules, interpretive methodologies, and other legal phenomena? (2) How does frontal and systematic focus on these forms advance understanding of such phenomena? (3) What credit should the functions of forms have when such phenomena serve policy and related purposes, rule of law values, and fundamental political values such as democracy, liberty, and justice? This is the first book (...)
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  24.  5
    Research Methods in Taxation Ethics: Developing the Defining Issues Test for a Tax-Specific Scenario.Elaine Doyle, Jane Frecknall-Hughes & Barbara Summers - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):35-52.
    This paper reports on the development of a research instrument designed to explore ethical reasoning in a tax context. This research instrument is a version of the Defining Issues Test originally developed by Rest [1979a, Development in Judging Moral Issues ; 1979b, Defining Issues Test ], but adapted to focus specifically on the environment encountered by tax practitioners. The paper explores reasons for developing a context- specific test, and details the manner in which this was undertaken. The study on which (...)
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  25. Instrumentalism and American Legal Theory.Robert S. Summers - 1982
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  26.  58
    Scrupulous Agents.Jesse S. Summers & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (7):947-966.
    Scrupulosity raises fascinating issues about the nature of moral judgment and about moral responsibility. After defining scrupulosity, describing its common features, and discussing concrete case studies, we discuss three peculiar aspects of moral judgments made by scrupulous patients: perfectionism, intolerance of uncertainty, and moral thought-action fusion. We then consider whether mesh and reasons-responsiveness accounts of responsibility explain whether the scrupulous are morally responsible.
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  27.  15
    From Culture as Organism to Organism as Cell: Historical Origins of Bacterial Genetics.WilliamC Summers - 1991 - Journal of the History of Biology 24 (2):171 - 190.
  28.  78
    A Formal Theory of the Rule of Law.Robert S. Summers - 1993 - Ratio Juris 6 (2):127-142.
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  29. Logic in the Law.Robert S. Summers - 1963 - Mind 72 (286):254-258.
  30. Matthew 14:13–21.Charles A. Summers - 2005 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 59 (3):298-299.
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  31.  66
    The Disordered Mind: An Introduction to Philosophy of Mind and Mental Illness. [REVIEW]Jesse Summers - 2012 - Philosophical Psychology 25 (6):941-944.
    Philosophical Psychology, Volume 0, Issue 0, Page 1-4, Ahead of Print.
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  32.  25
    Common-Sense Causation in the Law.Andrew Summers - 2018 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 38 (4):793-821.
    Judges often invoke ‘common sense’ when deciding questions of legal causation. I draw on empirical evidence to refine the common-sense theory of legal causation developed by Hart and Honoré in Causation in the Law. I show that the two main common-sense principles that Hart and Honoré identified are empirically well founded; I also show how experimental research into causal selection can be used to specify these principles with greater precision than before. This exploratory approach can provide legal scholars with a (...)
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  33. Nehemiah 5:1–13.Charlie Summers - 2011 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 65 (2):184-185.
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  34.  63
    The Place of Form in the Fundamentals of Law.Robert S. Summers - 2001 - Ratio Juris 14 (1):106-129.
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  35.  95
    Book Review: Changing the Conversation: A Third Way for Congregations. [REVIEW]Charlie Summers - 2010 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 64 (2):219-220.
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  36.  51
    Gudeman's Latin Literature of the Empire, Vol. II. [REVIEW]Walter C. Summers - 1900 - The Classical Review 14 (5):268-270.
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  37.  33
    Lon L. Fuller.Robert S. Summers - 1984 - Stanford University Press.
    ... four most important American legal theorists of the last hundred years. Of the others, Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., Roscoe Pound, and Karl N. Llewellyn, ...
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  38.  39
    Smith's Smaller Latin-English Dictionary Revised. [REVIEW]Walter C. Summers - 1934 - The Classical Review 48 (1):32-32.
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  39.  59
    The Psychology of Sensation.W. G. Summers - 1934 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 10:104-113.
  40.  38
    Harris' Translation of Seneca's Tragedies. [REVIEW]Walter C. Summers - 1905 - The Classical Review 19 (2):124-125.
  41.  20
    Transposable Elements and Their Behaviour Transposition. Symposium 43: Society for General Microbiology, 1988. Ed. By A. J. Kingsman, K. F. Chater and S. M. Kingsman. Cambridge University Press. Pp. 390. £37.50, $75.00. [REVIEW]D. K. Summers - 1989 - Bioessays 11 (4):114-115.
  42.  26
    Acquisition and Application of Knowledge in Complex Inference Tasks.Donald H. Deane, Kenneth R. Hammond & David A. Summers - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (1):20.
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  43.  4
    Cognitive Control.Kenneth R. Hammond & David A. Summers - 1972 - Psychological Review 79 (1):58-67.
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  44.  65
    Book Review: Letters to New Pastors. [REVIEW]Charlie Summers - 2007 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 61 (4):460-462.
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  45.  35
    Francken's Lucan, Vol. II. [REVIEW]Walter C. Summers - 1898 - The Classical Review 12 (4):228-231.
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  46.  10
    Contextual Associations and Memory for Serial Position.Douglas L. Hintzman, Richard A. Block & Jeffery J. Summers - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (2):220.
  47.  32
    Tyrrell's Latin Anthology. [REVIEW]Walter C. Summers - 1901 - The Classical Review 15 (9):457-458.
  48.  44
    What is Wrong with Addiction.Jesse S. Summers - 2015 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 22 (1):25-40.
    The question ‘ What is addiction?’ seems to ask for a clinical or biological answer. The research on addiction has progressed much faster in biology and neuroscience than our philosophical understanding of that research.1 Therefore, it can be tempting to look to the relevant psychology or neuroscience to answer our philosophical questions, which ends up treating addiction entirely as a psychological or neurological matter. However, many of our questions about addiction are not fundamentally biological or neurological questions. Here, I suggest (...)
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  49. Form and Substance in Anglo-American Law a Comparative Study of Legal Reasoning, Legal Theory, and Legal Institutions.P. S. Atiyah & Robert S. Summers - 1987
     
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  50.  29
    Allain's Younger Pliny. [REVIEW]Walter C. Summers - 1903 - The Classical Review 17 (7):359-360.
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