Results for 'Verb'

792 found
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  1.  3
    Does Variability Across Events Affect Verb Learning in English, Mandarin, and Korean?Jane B. Childers, Jae H. Paik, Melissa Flores, Gabrielle Lai & Megan Dolan - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S4):808-830.
    Extending new verbs is important in becoming a productive speaker of a language. Prior results show children have difficulty extending verbs when they have seen events with varied agents. This study further examines the impact of variability on verb learning and asks whether variability interacts with event complexity or differs by language. Children in the United States, China, Korea, and Singapore learned verbs linked to simple and complex events. Sets of events included one or three agents, and children were (...)
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  2.  5
    Does Variability Across Events Affect Verb Learning in English, Mandarin, and Korean?Jane B. Childers, Jae H. Paik, Melissa Flores, Gabrielle Lai & Megan Dolan - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S4).
    Extending new verbs is important in becoming a productive speaker of a language. Prior results show children have difficulty extending verbs when they have seen events with varied agents. This study further examines the impact of variability on verb learning and asks whether variability interacts with event complexity or differs by language. Children in the United States, China, Korea, and Singapore learned verbs linked to simple and complex events. Sets of events included one or three agents, and children were (...)
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  3.  4
    Productivity of Noun Slots in Verb Frames.Anna L. Theakston, Paul Ibbotson, Daniel Freudenthal, Elena V. M. Lieven & Michael Tomasello - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (6):1369-1395.
    Productivity is a central concept in the study of language and language acquisition. As a test case for exploring the notion of productivity, we focus on the noun slots of verb frames, such as __want__, __see__, and __get__. We develop a novel combination of measures designed to assess both the flexibility and creativity of use in these slots. We do so using a rigorously controlled sample of child speech and child directed speech from three English-speaking children between the ages (...)
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  4.  3
    Rising through the registers – A corpus-based account of the stylistic constraints on Light Verb Constructions.Arian Shahrokny-Prehn & Silke Höche - 2011 - Corpus (Laboratoire Language) 10:239-257.
    En parcourant les registres – Une étude en corpus des usages stylistiques des « Light Verb Constructions » Cette contribution est consacrée aux aspects stylistiques d’usage de ce que l’on appelle des « Light Verb Constructions » (LVC) ; des phrases verbales complexes en Anglais. Alors que la majorité d’études jusqu’à présent se mettent d’accord sur la « note familière » des LVCs, des données empiriques montrent une vision plus complexe et hétérogène. Nos résultats qui sont basés sur (...)
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  5.  42
    The Syntax of the Verb Initial Languages.Andrew Carnie & Eithne Guilfoyle (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume contains twelve chapters on the derivation of and the correlates to verb initial word order. The studies in this volume cover such widely divergent languages as Irish, Welsh, Scots Gaelic, Old Irish, Biblical Hebrew, Jakaltek, Mam, Lummi (Straits Salish), Niuean, Malagasy, Palauan, K'echi', and Zapotec, from a wide variety of theoretical perspectives, including Minimalism, information structure, and sentence processing. The first book to take a crosslinguistic comparative approach to verb initial syntax, this volume provides new data (...)
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  6.  9
    Learning to Divide the Labor: An Account of Deficits in Light and Heavy Verb Production.Jean K. Gordon & Gary S. Dell - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (1):1-40.
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  7.  27
    Experience - Noun or Verb?William H. Roberts - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (September):542-548.
  8.  6
    Effect of Verb and Object Meaning on the Connotative Evaluation of Sentence Subjects.William E. Gumenik & Richard Dolinsky - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (3):436-438.
  9.  1
    Imagery, Mediational Instructions, and Noun Position in Free Recall of Noun-Verb Pairs.Tec Gupton & Gerald Frincke - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (3):461.
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  10.  4
    Distributional Structure in Language: Contributions to Noun–Verb Difficulty Differences in Infant Word Recognition.Jon A. Willits, Mark S. Seidenberg & Jenny R. Saffran - 2014 - Cognition 132 (3):429-436.
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  11.  16
    Argument Structure Constructions Versus Lexical Rules or Derivational Verb Templates.Adele E. Goldberg - 2013 - Mind and Language 28 (4):435-465.
    The idea that correspondences relating grammatical relations and semantics (argument structure constructions) are needed to account for simple sentence types is reviewed, clarified, updated and compared with two lexicalist alternatives. Traditional lexical rules take one verb as ‘input’ and create (or relate) a different verb as ‘output’. More recently, invisible derivational verb templates have been proposed, which treat argument structure patterns as zero derivational affixes that combine with a root verb to yield a new verb. (...)
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  12.  6
    An Elicited‐Production Study of Inflectional Verb Morphology in Child Finnish.Sanna H. M. Räsänen, Ben Ambridge & Julian M. Pine - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (7):1704-1738.
    Many generativist accounts argue for very early knowledge of inflection on the basis of very low rates of person/number marking errors in young children's speech. However, studies of Spanish and Brazilian Portuguese have revealed that these low overall error rates actually hide important differences across the verb paradigm. The present study investigated children's production of person/number marked verbs by eliciting present tense verb forms from 82 native Finnish-speaking children aged 2;2–4;8 years. Four main findings were observed: Rates of (...)
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  13.  12
    Do Lemmas Speak German? A Verb Position Effect in German Structural Priming.Franklin Chang, Michael Baumann, Sandra Pappert & Hartmut Fitz - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (5):1113-1130.
    Lexicalized theories of syntax often assume that verb-structure regularities are mediated by lemmas, which abstract over variation in verb tense and aspect. German syntax seems to challenge this assumption, because verb position depends on tense and aspect. To examine how German speakers link these elements, a structural priming study was performed which varied syntactic structure, verb position, and verb overlap.structural priming was found, both within and across verb position, but priming was larger when the (...)
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  14.  56
    Ventral Versus Dorsal Pathway: The Source of the Semantic Object/Event and the Syntactic Noun/Verb Distinction?Markus Werning - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):299-300.
    Experimental data suggest that the division between the visual ventral and dorsal pathways may indeed indicate that static and dynamical information is processed separately. Contrary to Hurford, it is suggested that the ventral pathway primarily generates representations of objects, whereas the dorsal pathway produces representations of events. The semantic object/event distinction may relate to the morpho-syntactic noun/verb distinction.
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  15.  1
    Disentangling Effects of Input Frequency and Morphophonological Complexity on Children's Acquisition of Verb Inflection: An Elicited Production Study of Japanese.Tomoko Tatsumi, Ben Ambridge & Julian M. Pine - forthcoming - Cognitive Science.
    This study aims to disentangle the often-confounded effects of input frequency and morphophonological complexity in the acquisition of inflection, by focusing on simple and complex verb forms in Japanese. Study 1 tested 28 children aged 3;3–4;3 on stative and simple past forms, and Study 2 tested 30 children aged 3;5–5;3 on completive and simple past forms, with both studies using a production priming paradigm. Mixed effects models for children's responses were built to test the prediction that children's verb (...)
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  16.  26
    Glue, Verb and Text Metaphors in Biology.Ray Paton - 1997 - Acta Biotheoretica 45 (1):1-15.
    Metaphor influences the construction of biological models and theories and the analysis of its use can reveal important tools of thought. Some aspects of biological organisation are investigated through the analysis of metaphors associated with treating biosystems as a kind of text. In particular, the use of glue and verbs is considered. Some of the reasons why glue is important in the construction of hierarchies are pursued in the light of specific examples, and some of the conceptual links between glue (...)
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  17.  17
    Discourse Grammar and Verb Phrase Anaphora.Hub Prüst, Remko Scha & Martin Berg - 1994 - Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (3):261-327.
    We argue that an adequate treatment of verb phrase anaphora must depart in two major respects from the standard approaches. First of all, VP anaphors cannot be resolved by simply identifying the anaphoric VP with an antecedent VP. The resolution process must establish a syntactic/semantic parallelism between larger units that the VPs occur in. Secondly, discourse structure has a significant influence on the reference possibilities of VPA. This influence must be accounted for.We propose a treatment which meets these requirements. (...)
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  18.  22
    Discourse Grammar and Verb Phrase Anaphora.Hub Prüst, Remko Scha & Martin Van Den Berg - 1994 - Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (3):261-327.
    We argue that an adequate treatment of verb phrase anaphora must depart in two major respects from the standard approaches. First of all, VP anaphors cannot be resolved by simply identifying the anaphoric VP with an antecedent VP. The resolution process must establish a syntactic/semantic parallelism between larger units that the VPs occur in. Secondly, discourse structure has a significant influence on the reference possibilities of VPA. This influence must be accounted for. We propose a treatment which meets these (...)
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  19.  3
    The Matrix Verb as a Source of Comprehension Difficulty in Object Relative Sentences.Adrian Staub, Brian Dillon & Charles Clifton - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (S6).
    Two experiments used eyetracking during reading to examine the processing of the matrix verb following object and subject relative clauses. The experiments show that the processing of the matrix verb following an object relative is indeed slowed compared to the processing of the same verb following a subject relative. However, this difficulty is entirely eliminated if additional material intervenes between the object gap and the matrix verb. An explanation in terms of spillover processing is ruled out, (...)
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  20.  11
    How Motion Verbs Are Special: The Interaction of Semantic and Pragmatic Information in Aspectual Verb Meanings.Carol L. Tenny - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 3 (1):31-73.
    This paper focuses on a distinction between two kinds of information in verb meanings: a highly structured, templatic part of the meaning, based on aspectual properties of the verb, and apart of the meaning which contributes to filling gaps in the templatic information. The two kinds of information differ in the nature and degree of connections to encyclopedic world knowledge. This demarcation between the two kinds of information is related to the semantics/ pragmatics distinction, and may be clearly (...)
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  21.  28
    Embedded Verb Second in Infinitival Clauses.Kyle Johnson - manuscript
    Icelandic is the only Scandinavian language in which the verb always moves past negation, and other sentence adverbials, in embedded clauses. We follow everyone else and take this as evidence that Icelandic as opposed to the other Scandinavian languages has V°-to-I°1 movement (see, e.g., Kosmeijer 1986, Holmberg & Platzack 1990:101, Rohrbacher 1994:30-69, and Vikner 1994:118-127, 1995:ch.5). If we assume that negation and sentence adverbials mark the left edge of VP (they could be adjoined to VP or to TP, for (...)
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  22.  15
    Unsupervised Discovery of a Statistical Verb Lexicon.Christopher Manning - manuscript
    tic structure. Determining the semantic roles of a verb’s dependents is an important step in natural..
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  23.  13
    NP Subject Detection in Verb-Initial Arabic Clauses.Spence Green & Christopher D. Manning - unknown
    Phrase re-ordering is a well-known obstacle to robust machine translation for language pairs with significantly different word orderings. For Arabic-English, two languages that usually differ in the ordering of subject and verb, the subject and its modifiers must be accurately moved to produce a grammatical translation. This operation requires more than base phrase chunking and often defies current phrase-based statistical decoders. We present a conditional random field sequence classi- fier that detects the full scope of Arabic noun phrase subjects (...)
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  24.  17
    Why Theories of Word Learning Don't Always Work as Theories of Verb Learning.Letitia R. Naigles - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (6):1113-1114.
    Bloom's theory of word learning has difficulty accounting for children's verb acquisition. There is no predominant preverbal event concept, akin to the preverbal object concept, to direct children's early event-verb mappings. Children may take advantage of grammatical and linguistic information in verb acquisition earlier than Bloom allows. A distinction between lexical and grammatical learning is difficult to maintain for verb acquisition.
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  25.  13
    On Verb-Initial and Verb-Final Word Orders in Lokaa.Mark Baker - manuscript
    Verb phrases seems to be head initial in affirmative sentences in Lokaa (a Niger-Congo language of the Cross River area of Nigeria) but head final in negative clauses and gerunds. This article aspires to give a comprehensive description of this phenomenon, together with a theoretical analysis. It considers how a full range of grammatical elements are ordered in both kinds of clauses—including direct objects, second objects, particles, weak pronouns, complement clauses, serial verbs, adverbs, prepositional phrases, tense/mood particles, and auxiliary (...)
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  26.  1
    Argument Structure Constructions Versus Lexical Rules or Derivational Verb Templates.Adele E. Goldberg - 2013 - Mind and Language 28 (4):435-465.
    The idea that correspondences relating grammatical relations and semantics are needed to account for simple sentence types is reviewed, clarified, updated and compared with two lexicalist alternatives. Traditional lexical rules take one verb as ‘input’ and create a different verb as ‘output’. More recently, invisible derivational verb templates have been proposed, which treat argument structure patterns as zero derivational affixes that combine with a root verb to yield a new verb. While the derivational template perspective (...)
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  27.  7
    Western Abenaki: Some Other Verb Forms.Emmon Bach - unknown
    I want to do two things here today. First, I want to describe and comment on some materials in and on Western Abenaki. Second, I want to make some additions to the various lists of Western Abenaki verb forms that have been available from published sources. This will be strictly a report on work in progress. Let me make acknowledgments right off to two colleagues: Roger Higgins, who has been working on Wampanoag (Massachusett) for some years, and Roy Wright, (...)
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  28.  1
    Periphrasis in the Sanskrit Verb System.Gregory Stump - 2012 - In Periphrasis: The Role of Syntax and Morphology in Paradigms. pp. 105.
    Ancient Sanskrit had two tenses of particular interest: periphrastic perfect and periphrastic future. At first glance, they are rather similar: both realize a particular value of tense through a combination of a lexical verb and an agreeing auxiliary. There are, however, important differences which are revealed in this chapter: the periphrastic future is available for every verb, and can be distinguished from the synthetic future on semantic grounds, while the periphrastic perfect is available only for certain verbs, and (...)
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  29.  5
    Verb Sense and Subcategorization: Using Joint Inference to Improve Performance on Complementary Tasks.Christopher Manning - unknown
    We propose a general model for joint inference in correlated natural language processing tasks when fully annotated training data is not available, and apply this model to the dual tasks of word sense disambiguation and verb subcategorization frame determination. The model uses the EM algorithm to simultaneously complete partially annotated training sets and learn a generative probabilistic model over multiple annotations. When applied to the word sense and verb subcategorization frame determination tasks, the model learns sharp joint probability (...)
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  30. Ellipsis of Personal Pronouns and Unmarked Verb Forms in Acadian French / De L’Ellipse Du Pronom Personnel Aux Formes Verbales Non Marquées Dans Les Parlers Acadiens.Patrice Brasseur - 2013 - Human and Social Studies 2 (1):51-72.
    The little francophone community of Port-au-Port Peninsula in Newfoundland is particularly representative of non-standard French spoken in North America. This paper tries to elaborate a grammatical analysis in order to justify the transcriptions of verb forms in the Dictionnaire des régionalismes de Terre-Neuve. In the sentence “I passait les maisons, [bladʒe] ac le monde”, for instance, [bladʒe] could be interpreted as “blaguait” or “blaguer.” In standard French, the same sentence could be translated as “il allait de porte en porte (...)
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  31. The Pragmatics of Multi-Verb Sequences: The Case of the Verb Go.Noriko Matsumoto - 2010 - Lodz Papers in Pragmatics 6 (1):117-143.
    The Pragmatics of Multi-Verb Sequences: The Case of the Verb Go This paper is an empirical investigation into the nature of multi-verb sequences in English. Multi-verb sequences such as V-to-VP and V-and-VP present a natural construction type of investigating recurring patterns of event sequences as conceived situations. This paper focuses on the image-schematic properties of both the go-to-VP construction and the go-and-VP construction to which previous accounts have paid little attention, and it demonstrates that the interpretation (...)
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  32. Contrastive Verb Constructions in Korean.Peter Sells - unknown
    This paper addresses the correct analysis of Korean examples like those in (1).∗ An event is presented against a contrastive or negative implication, through either a copy of the verbal lexeme, or the use of the supporting verb ha-ta.
     
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  33.  1
    Implementations Are Not Conceptualizations: Revising the Verb Learning Model.Brian MacWhinney & Jared Leinbach - 1991 - Cognition 40 (1-2):121-157.
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  34.  4
    The Effect of Verb Semantic Class and Verb Frequency on Children’s and Adults’ Graded Judgements of Argument-Structure Overgeneralization Errors.Ben Ambridge, Julian M. Pine, Caroline F. Rowland & Chris R. Young - 2008 - Cognition 106 (1):87-129.
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  35.  13
    Sound Symbolism Facilitates Early Verb Learning.Mutsumi Imai, Sotaro Kita, Miho Nagumo & Hiroyuki Okada - 2008 - Cognition 109 (1):54-65.
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  36.  27
    From Rote Learning to System Building: Acquiring Verb Morphology in Children and Connectionist Nets.Kim Plunkett & Virginia Marchman - 1993 - Cognition 48 (1):21-69.
  37.  12
    Understanding How Input Matters: Verb Learning and the Footprint of Universal Grammar.Jeffrey Lidz, Henry Gleitman & Lila Gleitman - 2003 - Cognition 87 (3):151-178.
  38. Electrophysiology of Subject-Verb Agreement Mediated by Speakers’ Gender.Adriana Hanulíková & Manuel Carreiras - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  39.  4
    Does Verb Bias Modulate Syntactic Priming?Sarah Bernolet & Robert J. Hartsuiker - 2010 - Cognition 114 (3):455-461.
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  40. Toward a Semantic Analysis of Verb Aspect and the English 'Imperfective' Progressive.David R. Dowty - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (1):45 - 77.
  41. The Verb "to Be" in Greek Philosophy.Lesley Brown - 1994 - In Stephen Everson (ed.), Language. Cambridge University Press.
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  42. Discourse: Noun, Verb or Social Practice?Jonathan Potter, Margaret Wetherell, Ros Gill & Derek Edwards - 1990 - Philosophical Psychology 3 (2 & 3):205 – 217.
    This paper comments on some of the different senses of the notion of discourse in the various relevant literatures and then overviews the basic features of a coherent discourse analytic programme in Psychology. Parker's approach is criticised for (a) its tendency to reify discourses as objects; (b) its undeveloped notion of analytic practice; (c) its vulnerability to common sense assumptions. It ends by exploring the virtues of 'interpretative repertoires' over 'discourses' as an analytic/theoretical notion.
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  43.  2
    The Use of Multiple Frames in Verb Learning Via Syntactic Bootstrapping.Letitia R. Naigles - 1996 - Cognition 58 (2):221-251.
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  44.  2
    A Developmental Shift From Similar to Language-Specific Strategies in Verb Acquisition: A Comparison of English, Spanish, and Japanese.Mandy J. Maguire, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, Mutsumi Imai, Etsuko Haryu, Sandra Vanegas, Hiroyuki Okada, Rachel Pulverman & Brenda Sanchez-Davis - 2010 - Cognition 114 (3):299-319.
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  45.  25
    Affectedness and Direct Objects : The Role of Lexical Semantics in the Acquisition of Verb Argument Structure.Jess Gropen - 1992 - In Beth Levin & Steven Pinker (eds.), Lexical & Conceptual Semantics. Blackwell. pp. 153-195.
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  46.  12
    Hierarchy and Scope of Planning in Subject–Verb Agreement Production.Maureen Gillespie & Neal J. Pearlmutter - 2011 - Cognition 118 (3):377-397.
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  47.  1
    Hands Typing What Hands Do: Action–Semantic Integration Dynamics Throughout Written Verb Production.Adolfo M. García & Agustín Ibáñez - 2016 - Cognition 149:56-66.
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  48.  4
    Two-Year-Olds Can Begin to Acquire Verb Meanings in Socially Impoverished Contexts.S. Arunachalam - 2013 - Cognition 129 (3):569-573.
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  49.  2
    Children Use Verb Semantics to Retreat From Overgeneralization Errors: A Novel Verb Grammaticality Judgment Study.Ben Ambridge, Julian M. Pine & Caroline F. Rowland - 2011 - Cognitive Linguistics 22 (2).
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  50.  1
    Clustering the Lexicon in the Brain: A Meta-Analysis of the Neurofunctional Evidence on Noun and Verb Processing.Davide Crepaldi, Manuela Berlingeri, Isabella Cattinelli, Nunzio A. Borghese, Claudio Luzzatti & Eraldo Paulesu - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
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