Reformed Epistemology is a thesis about the nature of religious knowledge. The general claim made by the reformed epistemologist is that belief in God can be rational without any appeal to evidence or argument. It is argued that humans are endowed with a cognitive faculty, the sensus divinitatis (SD), that gives rise to belief in God when occasioned by some event or experience. The working of this faculty might be triggered by any number of circumstances, such as beauty, grandeur, or guilt. Often, a comparison is made between the (SD) and our perceptual faculties. In the same way that agents seem to find themselves with certain perceptual beliefs, theists also seem to find themselves with belief in God. Thus, the (SD) gives rise to belief in God in an immediate and non-inferential fashion when occasioned by some event or experience. In this way, then, belief in God is said to properly basic and can be warranted without inference from any evidence or argument.
|Key works||Two of the most important works in reformed epistemology are Plantinga & Wolterstorff 1983 and Plantinga 2000. For a number of essays critical of reformed epistemology see Zagzebski 1993.|
|Introductions||Good introductory articles include Greco 2001, van Woudenberg 2008, and Plantinga 2010. Beilby 2006 provides a thorough overview of Plantinga's reformed epistemology.|
- Epistemology of Religion, Misc (192)
- Faith (86)
- Religious Experience (241)
- Revelation (44)
- Religious Imagination (36)
- Religious Skepticism (193)
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