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Subcategories:History/traditions: Justification
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  1. Peter Achinstein (1962). The Circularity of a Self-Supporting Inductive Argument. Analysis 22 (6):138 - 141.
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  2. Matthias Adam (2007). Two Notions of Scientific Justification. Synthese 158 (1):93 - 108.
    Scientific claims can be assessed epistemically in either of two ways: according to scientific standards, or by means of philosophical arguments such as the no-miracle argument in favor of scientific realism. This paper investigates the basis of this duality of epistemic assessments. It is claimed that the duality rests on two different notions of epistemic justification that are well-known from the debate on internalism and externalism in general epistemology: a deontological and an alethic notion. By discussing the conditions for the (...)
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  3. Timo Airaksinen (1981). On Nonfoundationalistic Theories of Epistemic Justification. Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):403-412.
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  4. Robert Almeder (1987). Justification and Truth Value: A Reply. Philosophia 17 (3):319-322.
    Among other things, Odegard urged that a person can be completely justified in believing a false proposition because the truth condition can be shown to be satisfied independently of the satisfaction of the evidence condition for human knowledge. I respond to his argument and other arguments attacking the arguments I previously offered for the view that a person cannot be completely justified in believing a false proposition.
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  5. William Alston (1992). Epistemic Justification. Essays in the Theory of Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 52 (1):228-232.
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  6. William P. Alston (1995). How to Think About Reliability. Philosophical Topics 23 (1):1-29.
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  7. William P. Alston (1993). Epistemic Desiderata. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (3):527-551.
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  8. William P. Alston (1989). Goldman on Epistemic Justification. Philosophia 19 (2-3):115-131.
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  9. William P. Alston (1985). Concepts of Epistemic Justification. The Monist 68 (1):57-89.
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  10. William P. Alston (1985). Concepts of Epistemic Justification. The Monist 68 (2):57-89.
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  11. M. Cristina Amoretti (2009). Recensioni-J. Sutton, Without Justification. Epistemologia 32 (1):147.
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  12. David B. Annis (1982). The Social and Cultural Component of Epistemic Justification — a Reply. Philosophia 12 (1-2):51-55.
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  13. David B. Annis (1976). Epistemic Justification. Philosophia 6 (2):259-266.
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  14. Agustin Arrieta & Fernando Migura (2011). Ryle's Argument Against Cartesian Internalism. In Michael Bruce & Steven Barbone (eds.), Just the Arguments: 100 of the Most Important Arguments in Western Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  15. Robert Audi (1995). Memorial Justification. Philosophical Topics 23 (1):31-45.
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  16. Robert Audi (1989). "Epistemology and Cognition" by Alvin I. Goldman. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (4):733.
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  17. Robert Audi (1986). Direct Justification, Evidential Dependence, and Theistic Belief. In William Wainwright & Robert Audi (eds.), Rationality, Religious Belief, and Moral Commitment. Cornell University Press. 139--166.
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  18. Eoundationalism Strikes Back (2005). In Search of Epistemically Basic. In Rene van Woudenberg, Sabine Roeser & Ron Rood (eds.), Basic Belief and Basic Knowledge. Ontos-Verlag. 41.
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  19. Marina Bakalova (2006). Epistemic Justification. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):363-368.
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  20. Magdalena Balcerak Jackson & Brendan Balcerak Jackson (2013). Reasoning as a Source of Justification. Philosophical Studies 164 (1):113-126.
    In this essay we argue that reasoning can sometimes generate epistemic justification, rather than merely transmitting justification that the subject already possesses to new beliefs. We also suggest a way to account for it in terms of the relationship between epistemic normative requirements, justification and cognitive capacities.
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  21. Renford Bambrough (1988). Articulation and Justification. The Monist 71 (3):311-319.
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  22. Nikunja Vihari Banerjee (1930). Some Suggestions Towards the Construction of a Theory of Sense-Perception. Philosophical Review 39 (6):587-596.
  23. Robert Barnard (2007). Review of “Beyond Justification: Dimensions of Epistemic Evaluation”. [REVIEW] Essays in Philosophy 8 (2):2.
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  24. Diderik Batens (1974). Rationality and Justification. Philosophica 14 (2):83-103.
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  25. Diderik Batens (1971). Some Objections to Keith Lehrer's Rule IR. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (4):357-362.
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  26. Diderik Batens (1971). Some Objections to Keith Lehrer's Rule Ir(1). British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (4):357-362.
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  27. Peter Baumann (2014). Justification and the Truth-Connection By Clayton Littlejohn. Analysis 74 (4):731-733.
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  28. B. Beddor (2015). Process Reliabilism's Troubles with Defeat. Philosophical Quarterly 65 (259):145-159.
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  29. John Bender (1993). The Current State of the Coherence Theory: Critical Essays on the Epistemic Theories of Keith Lehrer and Laurence BonJour, with Replies. Noûs 27 (1):111-113.
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  30. John W. Bender (2003). Skepticism, Justification and the Trustworthiness Argument. In Olsson Erik (ed.), The Epistemology of Keith Lehrer. Kluwer. 263--280.
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  31. John W. Bender (1988). Knowledge, Justification and Lehrer's Theory of Coherence. Philosophical Studies 54 (3):355 - 381.
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  32. Michael Bergmann (2008). Reidian Externalism. In Vincent Hendricks (ed.), New Waves in Epistemology. Palgrave Macmillan.
    What distinguishes Reidian externalism from other versions of epistemic externalism about justification is its proper functionalism and its commonsensism, both of which are inspired by the 18th century Scottish philosopher Thomas Reid. Its proper functionalism is a particular analysis of justification; its commonsensism is a certain thesis about what we are noninferentially justified in believing.
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  33. Michael Bergmann (2006). Review: Bonjour's Dilemma. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 131 (3):679 - 693.
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  34. Michael Bergmann (2004). Epistemic Justification. Philosophical Review 113 (3):435-437.
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  35. M. Bernstein & G. Myro (1988). Justification and Determinism: An Exchange in Justification. The Monist 71 (3):358-376.
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  36. Elano Sudário Bezerra (2011). O coerentismo de Lehrer. Cadernos Do Pet Filosofia 3 (6):1-9.
    O objetivo do presente artigo é articular a teoria coerentista de Lehrer frente aos críticos do coerentismo, bem como mostrar que a partir das noções de competição, o coerentismo, pelo menos ao modo de Lehrer, pode ser compreendido e solucionar problemas que tem sido levantados para esta teoria. Visa-se explanar a noção de aceitação que perpassa toda a teoria de Lehrer, assim como também é objetivo esclarecer como a noção de aceitação tem um papel central na teoria coerentista de Lehrer.
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  37. Robert Binkley (1977). Keith Lehrer's "Knowledge". [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 38 (2):268.
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  38. Alexander Bird (2007). Justified Judging. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 74 (1):81–110.
    When is a belief or judgment justified? One might be forgiven for thinking the search for single answer to this question to be hopeless. The concept of justification is required to fulfil several tasks: to evaluate beliefs epistemically, to fill in the gap between truth and knowledge, to describe the virtuous organization of one’s beliefs, to describe the relationship between evidence and theory (and thus relate to confirmation and probabilification). While some of these may be held to overlap, the prospects (...)
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  39. John Bishop (1987). Evident, but Rationally Unacceptable, Earl Conee. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 65 (4).
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  40. Michael Bishop & Benett Bootz (2007). Goodbye, Justification. Hello World. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 7 (2):269-285.
    There are simple rules for making important judgments that are more reliable than experts, but people refuse to use them People refuse even when they are told that these rules are more reliable than they are. When we say that people “refuse” to use the rule, we do not mean that people stubbornly refuse to carry out the steps indicated by the rule. Rather, people defect from the rule (i.e., they overturn the rule’s judgment) so often that they end up (...)
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  41. Radu J. Bogdan (1983). Keith Lehrer: Profiles. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 43 (3):409-419.
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  42. Radu J. Bogdan (1981). Keith Lehrer.
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  43. Luc Boltanski & Laurent Thévenot (2006). On Justification: Economies of Worth. Princeton University Press.
    On Justification is the first English translation of Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thévenot's ambitious theoretical examination of these phenomena, a book that has already had a huge impact on French sociology and is likely to have a similar ...
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  44. L. BonJour (1997). Haack on Experience and Justification. Synthese 112 (1):13-23.
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  45. L. Bonjour (1987). Moser, P., "Empirical Justification". [REVIEW] Mind 96:110.
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  46. Laurence BonJour (2000). The Elements of Coherentism. In Sven Bernecker & Fred I. Dretske (eds.), Knowledge: Readings in Contemporary Epistemology. Oup Oxford.
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  47. Laurence Bonjour (1998). 13 The Elements of Coherentism. In Alcoff Linda (ed.), Epistemology: The Big Questions. Blackwell. 210.
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  48. Laurence BonJour (1978). Can Empirical Knowledge Have a Foundation? American Philosophical Quarterly 15 (1):1-14.
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  49. A. R. Booth & H. D. Peels, Epistemic Justification, Rights, and Permissibility.
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  50. Andrew Botterell (2007). Why We Ought to Be (Reasonable) Subjectivists About Justification. Criminal Justice Ethics 26 (1):36-58.
    My aim in this paper is to argue that justification should not be conceived of in purely objective terms. In arguing for that conclusion I focus in particular on Paul Robinson’s presentation of that position, since it is the most sophisticated defense of the objective account of justification in the literature. My main point will be that the distinction drawn by robinson between objective and subjective accounts of justification is problematic, and that careful attention to the role played by reasonableness (...)
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