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Jeffrey Burkhardt [23]Richard W. Burkhardt [16]Hans Burkhardt [14]Frederick Burkhardt [13]
Richard Burkhardt Jr [13]Armin Burkhardt [9] Burkhardt [8]Bernd Burkhardt [6]

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Todd Burkhardt
University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Sebastian Burkhardt
Technische Universität Dresden
  1. Patterns of Behavior: Konrad Lorenz, Niko Tinbergen, and the Founding of Ethology.Richard W. Burkhardt & Hans Kruuk - 2007 - Journal of the History of Biology 40 (3):565-575.
     
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  2. The Varieties of Religious Experience.William James, Frederick H. Burkhardt, Fredson Bowers & Ignas K. Skrupskelis - 1986 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 22 (4):487-493.
     
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  3. The Correspondence of Charles Darwin.Charles Darwin, Frederick Burkhardt & Sydney Smith - 1988 - Journal of the History of Biology 21 (2):343-349.
     
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  4.  55
    Ethology, Natural History, the Life Sciences, and the Problem of Place.Richard W. Burkhardt - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (3):489 - 508.
    Investigators of animal behavior since the eighteenth century have sought to make their work integral to the enterprises of natural history and/or the life sciences. In their efforts to do so, they have frequently based their claims of authority on the advantages offered by the special places where they have conducted their research. The zoo, the laboratory, and the field have been major settings for animal behavior studies. The issue of the relative advantages of these different sites has been a (...)
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  5. The Spirit of System: Lamarck and Evolutionary Biology.Richard W. Burkhardt - 1979 - Journal of the History of Biology 12 (1):203-204.
     
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  6.  51
    Adaptive Management of Nonnative Species: Moving Beyond the “Either-Or” Through Experimental Pluralism.Jason M. Evans, Ann C. Wilkie & Jeffrey Burkhardt - 2008 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (6):521-539.
    This paper develops the outlines of a pragmatic, adaptive management-based approach toward the control of invasive nonnative species (INS) through a case study of Kings Bay/Crystal River, a large artesian springs ecosystem that is one of Florida’s most important habitats for endangered West Indian manatees ( Trichechus manatus ). Building upon recent critiques of invasion biology, principles of adaptive management, and our own interview and participant–observer research, we argue that this case study represents an example in which rigid application of (...)
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  7.  19
    An orangutan in Paris: pondering Proximity at the Muséum d’histoire naturelle in 1836.Richard W. Burkhardt - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):20.
    When the Muséum d’histoire naturelle in Paris learned in 1836 that it had the chance to buy a live, young orangutan, it was excited by the prospect. Specimens were the focus of the Museum’s activities, and this particular specimen seemed especially promising, not only because the Museum had very few orangutan specimens in its collection, but also because of what was perceived to be the orangutan’s unique place in the natural order of things, namely, at the very boundary between the (...)
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  8. Hegels Analytische Philosophie.Pirmin Stekeler-Weithofer, Bernd Burkhardt, Friedrike Schick & Gerhard Martin Wölfle - 1996 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 50 (4):624-640.
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  9. Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology.Hans Burkhardt & Barry Smith (eds.) - 1991 - Philosophia Verlag.
    The Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology reflects the conviction that the history of metaphysics and current work in metaphysics and ontology can each throw valuable light on the other. Thus it is designed to serve both äs a means of making more widely accessible the results of recent scholarship in the history of philosophy, and also äs a unique work of reference in reladon to the metaphysical themes at the centre of much current debate in analyüc philosophy. The work contains (...)
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  10.  5
    Niko Tinbergen: A Message in the Archives.Richard Burkhardt - 2016 - Journal of the History of Biology 49 (4):685-703.
    Just as biologists have their favored places for doing research, so do historians. As someone who likes working in archives, the most surprising thing the present author ever found was a particular letter that had been written to him by the ethologist Niko Tinbergen—but that Tinbergen had never sent. The letter included a detailed critique of the intellectual style and conceptual shortcomings of Tinbergen’s career-long friend and colleague Konrad Lorenz. The present author first saw the letter 3 years after Tinbergen’s (...)
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  11. Ethics & Issues in Contemporary Nursing.Margaret A. Burkhardt - 2002 - Delmar/Thomson Learning.
     
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  12.  2
    Epicureanism and the Wrongness of Killing.Tim Burkhardt - forthcoming - Journal of Ethics:1-16.
    This paper argues that Epicureanism about death is consistent with grounding the wrongness of killing in the interests of the victim. Both defenders and critics of Epicureanism should agree that, if we knew Epicureanism to be false, then we would have a moral reason not to kill people. We would have this reason because we would know that killing people harms them. And even Epicureans should agree that, given their evidence, Epicureanism could be false. Given that it could be false, (...)
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  13.  6
    The Leopard in the Garden. Burkhardt Jr - 2007 - Isis 98 (4):675-694.
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  14. Soziale Akte, Sprechakte Und Textillokutionen A. Reinachs Rechtsphilosophie Und Die Moderne Linguistik.Armin Burkhardt - 1986
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  15.  4
    The Leopard in the Garden: Life in Close Quarters at the Muséum D’Histoire Naturelle.Richard Burkhardt Jr - 2007 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 98:675-694.
    French naturalists at the Muséum Nationale d’Histoire Naturelle in Paris in the early nineteenth century recognized that their individual and collective successes were intimately linked to questions of power over specimens. France’s strength abroad affected the growth of the museum’s collections. At the museum, preserving, naming, classifying, displaying, interpreting, and otherwise deploying specimens went hand in hand with promoting scientific theories, advancing scientific careers, and instructing the public. The control of specimens, both literally and figuratively, was the museum’s ongoing concern. (...)
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  16.  22
    Biotechnology, Ethics, and the Structure of Agriculture.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1988 - Agriculture and Human Values 5 (3):53-60.
    The “new” agricultural biotechnologies are presently high-priority items on the national research agenda. The promise of increased efficiency and productivity resulting from products and processes derived from biotech is thought to justify the commitment to R&D. Nevertheless, critics challenge the environmental safety as well as political-economic consequences of particular products of biotech, notably, ice-nucleating bacteria and the bovine growth hormone. In this paper the critics' arguments are analyzed in explicitly ethical terms, and assessed as to their relative merits. In some (...)
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  17. Mereology in Leibniz's Logic and Philosophy.Hans Burkhardt & Wolfgang Degen - 1990 - Topoi 9 (1):3-13.
  18.  30
    Lamarck, Evolution, and the Politics of Science.Richard W. Burkhardt - 1970 - Journal of the History of Biology 3 (2):275-298.
  19.  58
    The Morality Behind Sustainability.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1989 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (2):113-128.
    The concepts of sustainable agriculture, organic agriculture, regenerative agriculture, and alternative agriculture are receiving increasing attention in the academic and popular literature on present trends and future directions of agriculture. Whatever the reasons for this interest, there nevertheless remain differences of opinion concerning what counts as a sustainable agriculture. One of the reasons for these differences is that the moral underpinnings of a policy of sustainability are not clear. By understanding the moral obligatoriness of sustainability, we can come to understand (...)
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  20.  6
    The Morality Behind Sustainability.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1989 - Journal of Agricultural Ethics 2 (2):113-128.
  21.  42
    Ernst Mayr: Biologist-Historian. [REVIEW]Richard W. Burkhardt - 1994 - Biology and Philosophy 9 (3):359-371.
    Ernst Mayr''s historical writings began in 1935 with his essay Bernard Altum and the territory theory and have continued up through his monumentalGrowth of Biological Thought (1982) and hisOne Long Argument: Charles Darwin and the Genesis of Modern Evolutionary Thought (1991). Sweeping in their scope, forceful in their interpretation, enlisted on behalf of the clarification of modern concepts and of a broad view of biology, these writings provide both insights and challenges for the historian of biology. Mayr''s general intellectual formation (...)
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  22.  32
    The Inspiration of Lamarck's Belief in Evolution.Richard W. Burkhardt - 1972 - Journal of the History of Biology 5 (2):413-438.
  23. Part/Whole I: History.Hans Burkhardt & Carlos A. Dufour - 1991 - In Hans Burkhardt & Barry Smith (eds.), Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology. Philosophia Verlag. pp. 2--663.
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  24. Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology.H. Burkhardt & B. Smith - 1994 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 56 (1):161-162.
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  25.  32
    Agricultural Biotechnology and the Future Benefits Argument.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 2001 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):135-145.
    In the face of criticisms about the current generationof agricultural biotechnology products, some proponents ofagricultural biotechnology offer a ``future benefitsargument''''(FBA), which is a utilitarian ethical argument thatattempts to justify continued R&D. This paper analyzes severallogical implications of the FBA. Among these are that acceptanceof the FBA implies (1) acceptance of a precautionary approach torisk, (2) the need for a more proportional and equitabledistribution of the benefits of agricultural biotechnology, andmost important, (3) the need to reorient and restructurebiotechnology R&D institutions (and (...)
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  26. The Principles of Psychology, the Works of William James.William James & Frederick H. Burkhardt - 1983 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 19 (2):211-223.
     
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  27.  81
    Scientific Values and Moral Education in the Teaching of Science.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1999 - Perspectives on Science 7 (1):87-110.
    : Implicit instruction about values occurs throughout scientific communication, whether in the university classroom or in the larger public forum. The concern of this paper is that the kind of values education that occurs includes "reverse moral education," the idea that moral considerations are at best extra scientific if not simply irrational. The (a)moral education that many scientists unwittingly foist on their "students" undergirds the scientific establishment's typical responses to larger social issues: "Huff!" In this paper I explain the nature (...)
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  28.  4
    A Calendar of the Correspondence of Charles Darwin, 1821-1882.Frederick Burkhardt, Sydney Smith, David Kohn & William Montgomery - 1985 - Journal of the History of Biology 18 (2):289-289.
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  29. Mind-Body Dualism and the Compatibility of Medical Methods.Hans Burkhardt & Guido Imaguire - 2002 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (2):135-150.
    In this paper we analyse some misleading theses concerning the oldcontroversy over the relation between mind and body presented incontemporary medical literature. We undertake an epistemologicalclarification of the axiomatic structure of medical methods. Thisclarification, in turn, requires a precise philosophical explanation ofthe presupposed concepts. This analysis will establish two results: (1)that the mind-body dualism cannot be understood as a kind of biologicalvariation of the subject-object dichotomy in physics, and (2) that thethesis of the incompatibility between somatic and psychosomatic medicineheld by (...)
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  30. The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Volume 8, 1860.Frederick Burkhardt, Duncan M. Porter, Janet Browne, Marsha Richmond & Michael T. Ghiselin - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
     
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  31.  26
    Jon Elster, "Making Sense of Marx". [REVIEW]Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1988 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (2):331.
  32.  94
    Modalities in Language, Thought and Reality in Leibniz, Descartes and Crusius.Hans Burkhardt - 1988 - Synthese 75 (2):183 - 215.
  33.  29
    Wittgenstein und die Grenzen der Sagbarkeit.Armin Burkhardt - 1990 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 38 (1):65-98.
    Wittgensteins Philosophie ist nicht auf die „Überwindung der Metaphysik" hin angelegt, sondem auf diejenige ihrer Überwindung. Insofem ist der Schritt zurück zu Wittgenstein zugleich ein Schritt hinaus über die analytische Philosophie. Beherrschendes Ziel des frühen wie des späten Wittgenstein ist es, den Innenraum des sinnvoll Sagbaren auszumessen und dadurch einen Blick auf das Unsagbare zu erhaschen, d. h. die Grenze des Sinnsi durch minutiöse Beschreibung der physischen Welt der Tatsachen bzw. der sozialen Welt der „Sprachspiele" zu bestimmen. Das eigentlich Wertvolle (...)
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  34.  12
    The Origins and Rise of Ethology: The Science of the Natural Behavior of Animals. W. H. Thorpe. Burkhardt - 1982 - Isis 73 (1):123-124.
  35.  35
    Studien Zur Deutschen Geistesgeschichte. [REVIEW]Frederick Burkhardt - 1938 - Journal of Philosophy 35 (11):303-303.
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  36.  24
    Agribusiness Ethics: Specifying the Terms of the Contract. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1986 - Journal of Business Ethics 5 (4):333 - 345.
    Agricultural production in the western world in our time is primarily agribusiness. As such, a business ethics approach can be extended to agricultural production. Given the nature of the agricultural production system, however, not only are general principles for business ethics applicable, but more specific obligations need to be generated. A social contract approach such as Donaldson's, with modifications, serves to provide both the general principles for the ethical practice of agribusiness, as well as more specific obligations for agents in (...)
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  37.  31
    Justified Drone Strikes Are Predicated on R2P Norms.Todd Burkhardt - 2015 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (2):167-176.
    The US has conducted or routinely conducts personality and signature drone strikes into Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Somalia, and most likely other states as well. The US does this in order to disrupt, dismantle, and defeat terrorist organizations. In some of these attacks, states have given their expressed or tacit consent to the US to conduct these drone strikes. However, some states do not consent to the US conducting kinetic drone strikes within their territory. In these cases, it seems (...)
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  38. The Correspondence of Charles Darwin, Vol. 8, 1860.Frederick Burkhardt, D. M. Porter, Janet Browne & Marsha Richmond - 1995 - Annals of Science 52 (5):509.
     
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  39.  15
    The First European Congress on Agricultural and Food Ethics and Follow-Up Workshop on Ethics and Food Biotechnology: A US Perspective. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Burkhardt, Paul B. Thompson & Tarla Rae Peterson - 2000 - Agriculture and Human Values 17 (4):327-332.
    The first European Congress on Agriculturaland Food Ethics was held at Wageningen University andResearch Center (WUR), Wageningen, The Netherlands, March 4–6, 1999. This was the inaugural conference forthe newly forming European Society for Agricultural andFood Ethics – EUR-SAFE – and around two hundredpeople from across Europe (and a handful of NorthAmericans) participated. Following theCongress/conference, a small (16 people), two-dayworkshop funded in part by the US National ScienceFoundation focused on similarities and differencesbetween the US and the EU regarding publicdiscourse/debate on food (...)
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  40.  9
    Basic Problems in Controlled Trials.R. Burkhardt & G. Kienle - 1983 - Journal of Medical Ethics 9 (2):80-84.
    On the basis of critical discussions which have taken place in recent years in the Federal Republic of Germany, certain methodological, ethical and legal problems arising in relation to controlled trials are discussed. Because of methodological inconsistencies inherent in the experimental approach, the efficacy of a drug must in any case be judged by physicians. This leads to major ethical and even--at least in Germany--legal problems which impose considerable limits on the feasibility of controlled trials in Germany. Editor's note: This (...)
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  41.  15
    Evolutionary Origin of Synapses and Neurons - Bridging the Gap.Pawel Burkhardt & Simon G. Sprecher - 2017 - Bioessays 39 (10):1700024.
    The evolutionary origin of synapses and neurons is an enigmatic subject that inspires much debate. Non-bilaterian metazoans, both with and without neurons and their closest relatives already contain many components of the molecular toolkits for synapse functions. The origin of these components and their assembly into ancient synaptic signaling machineries are particularly important in light of recent findings on the phylogeny of non-bilaterian metazoans. The evolution of synapses and neurons are often discussed only from a metazoan perspective leaving a considerable (...)
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  42. Psychospiritual Care: A Shared Journey Embracing Life and Wholeness.M. A. Burkhardt & M. G. Nagai-Jacobson - 1997 - Bioethics Forum 13 (4):34-41.
     
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  43.  28
    Political Philosophy.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1987 - Teaching Philosophy 10 (2):165-167.
  44. The Ethics of Agri-Food Biotechnology : How Can an Agricultural Technology Be so Important?Jeffrey Burkhardt - 2008 - In Kenneth H. David & Paul B. Thompson (eds.), What Can Nanotechnology Learn From Biotechnology?: Social and Ethical Lessons for Nanoscience From the Debate Over Agrifood Biotechnology and Gmos. Elsevier/Academic Press.
     
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  45.  26
    Philosophy Gone Wild.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1990 - Teaching Philosophy 13 (4):390-394.
  46. The Works of William James: Essays in Religion and Morality Talks to Teachers on Psychology Essays in Psychology.William James & Frederick Burkhardt - 1985 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 21 (2):276-280.
     
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  47. Speech Acts, Meaning, and Intentions: Critical Approaches to the Philosophy of John R. Searle.Armin Burkhardt (ed.) - 1990 - W. De Gruyter.
    Introduction The analytical way of thinking has been one of the most fruitful paradigms in this century in philosophy and in different sciences, ...
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  48.  24
    Changes, Challenges and Opportunities.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (5):921-923.
  49.  17
    Business Ethics: Ideology or Utopia?Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1985 - Metaphilosophy 16 (2‐3):118-129.
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  50. Logik und Semiotik in der Philosophie von Leibniz.Hans Burkhardt - 1980 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 173 (1):102-106.
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1 — 50 / 142