Results for 'B. R. Figge'

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  1. Visual Acuity Based on Motion Contrast: The Effect of Luminance and Luminance Contrast Reduction on Binocular and Monocular Performance.B. R. Figge & E. R. Wist - 1996 - In Enrique Villanueva (ed.), Perception. Ridgeview. pp. 122-122.
  2.  10
    What is It Like to Be an Aardvark?: B. R. Tilghman.B. R. Tilghman - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (257):325-338.
    The Alligator's Child was full of 'satiable curtiosity. One day while rummaging in a trunk in the lumber room he came across a photograph of his father wearing an aardvark uniform and standing by a large ant hill. All excitement, he rushed to his father and breathlessly said, ‘Father, I didn't know that you had been an aardvark! What is it like to be an aardvark?’.
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  3.  16
    Machine Learning in Healthcare: Exceptional Technologies Require Exceptional Ethics.Kristine Bærøe, Maarten Jansen & Angeliki Kerasidou - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (11):48-51.
    Char et al. describe an interesting and useful approach in their paper, “Identifying ethical considerations for machine learning healthcare applications.” Their proposed framework, which see...
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  4.  11
    Bør Man Tillate at Norske Statsborgere Benytter Seg Av Surrogati I India?Annelin Haukeland, Liv Cathrine Heggebø & Kristine Bærøe - 2013 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 7 (2).
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  5.  10
    The Greek and Latin Literary Texts From Greco-Roman Egypt. By R. A. Pack. Ann Arbor: Michigan University Press, 1952 . Pp. Ix + 105. 28s. [REVIEW]B. R. Rees & R. A. Pack - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:205-206.
  6. Science Fiction Double Feature: Trans Liberation on Twin Earth.B. R. George & R. A. Briggs - manuscript
    What is it to be a woman? What is it to be a man? We start by laying out desiderata for an analysis of 'woman' and 'man': descriptively, it should link these gender categories to sex biology without reducing them to sex biology, and politically, it should help us explain and combat traditional sexism while also allowing us to make sense of the activist view that gendering should be consensual. Using a Putnam-style 'Twin Earth' example, we argue that none of (...)
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  7.  63
    Wittgenstein, Ethics, and Aesthetics: The View From Eternity.B. R. TILGHMAN - 1991 - State University of New York Press.
    Clarifies Wittgenstein's ideas about ethics and aesthetics and illustrates how those ideas apply to art history and criticism and to an understanding of the importance of art in people's lives.
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  8. Knowing‐'Wh', Mention‐Some Readings, and Non‐Reducibility.B. R. George - 2013 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 2 (2):166-177.
    This article presents a new criticisms of reductive approaches to knowledge-‘wh’ (i.e., those approaches on which whether one stands in the knowledge-‘wh’ relation to a question is determined by whether one stands in the knowledge-‘that’ relation to some answer(s) to the question). It argues in particular that the truth of a knowledge-‘wh’ attribution like ‘Janna knows where she can buy an Italian newspaper’ depends not only on what Janna knows about the availability of Italian newspapers, but on what she believes (...)
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  9.  12
    Art and Imagination: A Study in the Philosophy of Mind.B. R. Tilghman - 1975 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 34 (1):75-77.
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  10. Wittgenstein, Ethics and Aesthetics: The View From Eternity.B. R. TILGHMAN - 1991 - Philosophy 67 (261):412-414.
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  11.  21
    Social Impact Under Severe Uncertainty: The Role of Neuroethicists at the Intersection of Neuroscience, AI, Ethics, and Policymaking.Kristine Bærøe & Torbjørn Gundersen - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (3):117-119.
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  12.  93
    What is It Like to Be an Aardvark?B. R. Tilghman - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (July):325-38.
    The Alligator's Child was full of 'satiable curtiosity. One day while rummaging in a trunk in the lumber room he came across a photograph of his father wearing an aardvark uniform and standing by a large ant hill. All excitement, he rushed to his father and breathlessly said, ‘Father, I didn't know that you had been an aardvark! What is it like to be an aardvark?’.
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  13.  84
    Danto and the Ontology of Literature.B. R. Tilghman - 1981 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 40 (3):293-299.
  14.  8
    Criticism in Antiquity.B. R. Rees & D. A. Russell - 1984 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 104:225-226.
  15.  22
    Phase-Dependent Justification: The Role of Personal Responsibility in Fair Healthcare.Kristine Bærøe & Cornelius Cappelen - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (10):836-840.
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  16.  15
    Translational Ethics: An Analytical Framework of Translational Movements Between Theory and Practice and a Sketch of a Comprehensive Approach.Kristine Bærøe - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):71.
    Translational research in medicine requires researchers to identify the steps to transfer basic scientific discoveries from laboratory benches to bedside decision-making, and eventually into clinical practice. On a parallel track, philosophical work in ethics has not been obliged to identify the steps to translate theoretical conclusions into adequate practice. The medical ethicist A. Cribb suggested some years ago that it is now time to debate ‘the business of translational’ in medical ethics. Despite the very interesting and useful perspective on the (...)
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  17.  82
    Priority Setting in Health Care: On the Relation Between Reasonable Choices on the Micro-Level and the Macro-Level.Kristine Bærøe - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (2):87-102.
    There has been much discussion about how to obtain legitimacy at macro-level priority setting in health care by use of fair procedures, but how should we consider priority setting by individual clinicians or health workers at the micro-level? Despite the fact that just health care totally hinges upon their decisions, surprisingly little attention seems being paid to the legitimacy of these decisions. This paper addresses the following question: what are the conditions that have to be met in order to ensure (...)
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  18.  17
    Quantitative Perspectives on Fifty Years of the Journal of the History of Biology.B. R. Erick Peirson, Erin Bottino, Julia L. Damerow & Manfred D. Laubichler - 2017 - Journal of the History of Biology 50 (4):695-751.
    Journal of the History of Biology provides a fifty-year long record for examining the evolution of the history of biology as a scholarly discipline. In this paper, we present a new dataset and preliminary quantitative analysis of the thematic content of JHB from the perspectives of geography, organisms, and thematic fields. The geographic diversity of authors whose work appears in JHB has increased steadily since 1968, but the geographic coverage of the content of JHB articles remains strongly lopsided toward the (...)
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  19.  38
    Puberty-Blocking Treatment and the Rights of Bad Candidates.B. R. George & Danielle M. Wenner - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (2):80-82.
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  20.  11
    Aesthetic Value.B. R. Tilghman - 1999 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 57 (1):81-82.
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  21.  18
    Plasticity, Stability, and Yield: The Origins of Anthony David Bradshaw's Model of Adaptive Phenotypic Plasticity.B. R. Erick Peirson - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 50:51-66.
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  22. What Even is 'Gender'?B. R. George - manuscript
    This paper presents a new taxonomy of sex/gender concepts based on the idea of starting with a few basic components of the sex/gender system, and exhausting the possible types of simple associations and identities based on these. The resulting system is significantly more fine-grained than most competitors, and helps to clarify a number of points of confusion and conceptual tension in academic and activist conversations about feminism, transgender politics, and the social analysis of gender.
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  23.  32
    Seeing and Seeing-AS.B. R. Tilghman - 1988 - AI and Society 2 (4):303-313.
    This paper highlights the importance of inter-relationships between language, context, practice and interpretation. These inter-relationships should be of interest to AI researchers working in multi-disciplinary fields such as knowledge based systems, speech and vision. Attention is drawn to the importance of Part II, Section II of Wittgenstein'sPhilosophical Investigations for understanding the enormous complexity of the concept of seeing and how it is woven into an understanding of language and of human relations.
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  24.  41
    Mapping Out Structural Features in Clinical Care Calling for Ethical Sensitivity: A Theoretical Approach to Promote Ethical Competence in Healthcare Personnel and Clinical Ethical Support Services (Cess).Kristine Bærøe & Ole Frithjof Norheim - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (7):394-402.
    Clinical ethical support services (CESS) represent a multifaceted field of aims, consultancy models, and methodologies. Nevertheless, the overall aim of CESS can be summed up as contributing to healthcare of high ethical standards by improving ethically competent decision-making in clinical healthcare. In order to support clinical care adequately, CESS must pay systematic attention to all real-life ethical issues, including those which do not fall within the ‘favourite’ ethical issues of the day. In this paper we attempt to capture a comprehensive (...)
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  25.  35
    Isn't Belief in God an Attitude?B. R. Tilghman - 1998 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 43 (1):17-28.
  26.  14
    Research and Economic Growth—What Should We Expect?B. R. Williams - 1964 - Minerva 3 (1):57-71.
  27.  27
    Legitimate Healthcare Limit Setting in a Real-World Setting: Integrating Accountability for Reasonableness and Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis.Kristine Bærøe & Rob Baltussen - 2014 - Public Health Ethics 7 (2):98-111.
    The overall aim of this article is to discuss the organization of limit setting in healthcare in terms of legitimacy. We argue there is a strong ethical demand that such processes should be arranged to provide adversely affected people well-justified reasons to confer legitimacy to the processes despite favouring a different decision-making outcome. Two increasingly popular approaches, Accountability for Reasonableness (A4R) and Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA), can both be applied to support legitimate decision-making processes. However, the role played by ‘fair-minded (...)
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  28.  7
    R. M. Ogilvie. The Library of Lactantius. Pp. Viii + 121. £7.50. [REVIEW]B. R. Rees - 1979 - Religious Studies 15 (2):259.
  29. Wittgenstein, Games, and Art.B. R. Tilghman - 1973 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 31 (4):517-524.
  30.  54
    Parmenides, Plato, and Logical Atomism.B. R. Tilghman - 1969 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 7 (2):151-160.
  31. The African Ethic of Ubuntu/Botho: Implications for Research on Morality.Thaddeus Metz & Joseph B. R. Gaie - 2010 - Journal of Moral Education 39 (3):273-290.
    In this article we provide a theoretical reconstruction of sub-Saharan ethics that we argue is a strong competitor to typical Western approaches to morality. According to our African moral theory, actions are right roughly insofar as they are a matter of living harmoniously with others or honouring communal relationships. After spelling out this ethic, we apply it to several issues in both normative and empirical research into morality. With regard to normative research, we compare and contrast this African moral theory (...)
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  32.  24
    Antinoopolis Papyri J. W. B. Barns and H. Zilliacus: The Antinoopolis Papyri. Part Ii. Pp. Xi+133; 4 Plates. London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1960. Cloth, £6. 10s. Net. [REVIEW]B. R. Rees - 1962 - The Classical Review 12 (02):143-144.
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  33. Patient Autonomy, Assessment of Competence and Surrogate Decision‐Making: A Call for Reasonableness in Deciding for Others.Kristine Bærøe - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (2):87-95.
    ABSTRACTIn this paper, I address some of the shortcomings of established clinical ethics centring on personal autonomy and consent and what I label the Doctrine of Respecting Personal Autonomy in Healthcare. I discuss two implications of this doctrine: 1) the practice for treating patients who are considered to have borderline decision‐making competence and 2) the practice of surrogate decision‐making in general. I argue that none of these practices are currently aligned with respectful treatment of vulnerable individuals. Because of ‘structural arbitrariness’ (...)
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  34.  16
    An Introduction to the Physics and Chemistry of Some Lakes in Northern Zululand.B. R. Allanson & J. D. van Wyk - 1969 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 38 (3):217-240.
  35.  63
    Picture Space and Moral Space.B. R. Tilghman - 1988 - British Journal of Aesthetics 28 (4):317-326.
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  36.  10
    Priority-Setting in Healthcare: A Framework for Reasonable Clinical Judgements.Kristine Bærøe - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (8):488-496.
  37.  25
    Literary Papyri R. A. Pack: The Greek and Latin Literary Texts From Greco-Roman Egypt. Second Edition. Pp. X + 165. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1965. Cloth, $8.50. [REVIEW]B. R. Rees - 1966 - The Classical Review 16 (02):191-192.
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  38.  27
    Which Judgments Show Weak Exhaustivity? (And Which Don't?).B. R. George - 2013 - Natural Language Semantics 21 (4):401-427.
    This paper considers two of the most prominent kinds of evidence that have been used to argue that certain embedded questions receive weakly exhaustive interpretations. The first kind is exemplified by judgments of consistency for declarative sentences that attribute knowledge of a wh-question and ignorance of the negation of that question to the same person, and the second concerns asymmetries between the role of positive and negative information in validating question-embedding surprise ascriptions, and similar judgments for other attitudes. I argue (...)
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  39.  24
    Conjectures and Refutations: The Growth of Scientific Knowledge.R. J. B. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (1):150-150.
    A provocative collection of technical and popular essays dealing with a variety of scientific and political topics which Popper has treated in his major works. For the most part Popper develops, sharpens, and extends to new areas, themes which he has already explored. The major theme running through the essays is that knowledge grows by unjustified and unjustifiable anticipations, guesses and conjectures. These are controlled by criticisms and refutations. Theories can never be positively justified; they can only prove to be (...)
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  40.  8
    Places of Inquiry: Research and Advanced Education in Modern Universities.B. R. Clark - 1996 - British Journal of Educational Studies 44 (3):345-346.
  41. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar: The Maker of Modern India.Desh Raj Sirswal (ed.) - 2016 - Centre for Positive Philosophy and Interdisciplinary Studies (CPPIS), Pehowa (Kurukshetra).
    Dr. B. R. Ambedkar is one of the most eminent intellectual figures of modern India. The present year is being celebrated as 125th Birth Anniversary of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. Educationist and humanist from all over the world are celebrating 125th Birth Anniversary of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar by organizing various events and programmes. In this regard the Centre for Positive Philosophy and Interdiscipinary Studies (CPPIS) Pehowa (Kurukshetra) took an initiative to be a part of this mega event by organizing (...)
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  42.  63
    Dr. B.R. Ambedkar: A Modern Indian Philosopher.Desh Raj Sirswal - 2018 - Milestone Education Review 1 (09):19-31.
    Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is one of the names who advocated to change social order of the age-old tradition of suppression and humiliation. He was an intellectual, scholar, statesman and contributed greatly in the nation building. He led a number of movements to emancipate the downtrodden masses and to secure human rights to millions of depressed classes. He has left an indelible imprint through his immense contribution in framing the modern Constitution of free India. He stands as a symbol of struggle (...)
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  43.  15
    Evolutionary Metaphysics: The Development of Peirce's Theory of Categories. [REVIEW]B. R. S. - 1982 - Review of Metaphysics 35 (4):867-869.
    This book presents an historical and interpretive study of the metaphysics of Charles Peirce, developing an objective idealism through an examination of Peirce's thought as found in his continuous development of his theory of categories. The objective idealism developed is not one which lies in opposition to other parts of Peirce's philosophy but rather is the encompassing framework within which all other aspects of his thought find their place and through which they are understood.
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  44.  15
    Group Identity, Individual Autonomy and Education for Human Rights.B. R. Singh - 1994 - Educational Studies 20 (1):87-103.
    The United Nations Declarations of Human Rights express an ideal for the protection of cultural rights of everyone. They propose an education that is multicultural and non‐discriminatory and recognise that parents have the right to choose their children's education. Article 13.3 of the International covenant on Economic and Social and Cultural Rights gave parents the right to choose for their children “schools other than those established by public authorities to ensure the religious and moral education of their children in conformity (...)
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  45.  18
    The Travels of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, A. D. 1325-1354; Translated with Revisions and Notes From the Arabic Text Edited by C. Defrémery and B. R. SanguinettiThe Travels of Ibn Battuta, A. D. 1325-1354; Translated with Revisions and Notes From the Arabic Text Edited by C. Defremery and B. R. Sanguinetti. [REVIEW]George F. Hourani, H. A. R. Gibb, C. Defrémery, B. R. Sanguinetti & C. Defremery - 1960 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 80 (3):269.
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  46.  16
    Presentation Time, Total Time, and Mediation in Pairedassociate Learning.B. R. Bugelski - 1962 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (4):409.
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  47.  30
    Greek Epistolography Heikki Koskenniemi: Studien zur Idee und Phraseologie des griechischen Briefes bis 400 n. Chr. (Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae, Ser. B, tom. 102. 2.) Pp. 214. Helsinki: Finnish Academy, 1956. Paper, 800 mk. [REVIEW]B. R. Rees - 1958 - The Classical Review 8 (02):131-132.
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  48.  5
    Multicultural Education: A Study of the Impact of the CNAA on a B.Ed. Degree.B. R. Singh - 1984 - Educational Studies 10 (3):227-236.
  49.  6
    The de Haas-van Alphen Effect in Dislocated Crystals; Theory.B. R. Watts - 1971 - Philosophical Magazine 24 (191):1151-1161.
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  50.  6
    Image as a Mediator in One-Trial Paired-Associate Learning.B. R. Bugelski, Edward Kidd & John Segmen - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (1, Pt.1):69-73.
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