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  1. HIV Prevention Research and COVID-19: Putting Ethics Guidance to the Test.Jeremy Sugarman, Steven Wakefield, Brandon Brown, Ernest Moseki, Robert Klitzman, Florencia Luna, Leah A. Schrumpf, Wairimu Chege & Stuart Rennie - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-10.
    BackgroundCritical public health measures implemented to mitigate the spread of the novel coronavirus disease pandemic have disrupted health research worldwide, including HIV prevention research. While general guidance has been issued for the responsible conduct of research in these challenging circumstances, the contours of the dueling COVID-19 and HIV/aids pandemics raise some critical ethical issues for HIV prevention research. In this paper, we use the recently updated HIV Prevention Trials Network Ethics Guidance Document to situate and analyze key ethical challenges related (...)
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  2. Social Representations Theory and Young Africans' Creative Narratives About Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, 1997–2014.Kate Winskell - 2021 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 51 (1):164-182.
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  3. Mono-Causal and Multi-Causal Theories of Disease: How to Think Virally and Socially About the Aetiology of AIDS.Katherine Furman - 2020 - Journal of Medical Humanities 41 (2):107-121.
    In this paper, I utilise the tools of analytic philosophy to amalgamate mono-causal and multi-causal theories of disease. My aim is to better integrate viral and socio-economic explanations of AIDS in particular, and to consider how the perceived divide between mono-causal and multi-causal theories played a role in the tragedy of AIDS denialism in South Africa in the early 2000s. Currently, there is conceptual ambiguity surrounding the relationship between mono-causal and multi-causal theories in biomedicine and epidemiology. Mono-causal theories focus on (...)
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  4. Autonomy in HIV Testing: A Call for a Rethink of Personal Autonomy in the HIV Response in Sub-Saharan Africa.Kasoka Kasoka - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (3):519-536.
    The author reviews various conceptions of autonomy to show that humans are actually not autonomous, strictly speaking. He argues for a need to rethink the personal autonomy approaches to HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa countries. HIV/aids has remained a leading cause of disease burden in SSA. It is important to bring this disease burden under control, especially given the availability of current effective antiretroviral regimens in low- and middle-income countries. In most SSA countries the ethic or value of personal autonomy (...)
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  5. HIV Stigma, Gay Identity, and Caste ‘Untouchability’: Metaphors of Abjection in My Brother…Nikhil, The Boyfriend, and “Gandu Bagicha”.Shamira A. Meghani - 2020 - Journal of Medical Humanities 41 (2):137-151.
    In this article I read textual metaphors of ‘untouchability’ in ‘post-AIDS’ representation as an erasure of structures that condition HIV stigmatization in India. Throughout, my discussion is contextualised by the political economy of HIV and AIDS, which has been productive of particular modern sexual subjects. In the film My Brother…Nikhil, the stigmatization of Nikhil, a gay Indian man living with HIV, is constituted through visual and verbal caste metaphors, which draw on existing subject positions that are elided as ‘traditional’, residual, (...)
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  6. Evaluation of Healthcare Usage Rate in HIV/AIDS Patients in Isfahan, Iran in 2018.Neda Moein, Reza Khadivi, Zahra Amini & Marjan Meshkati - 2020 - HIV and AIDS Review 19 (1):34-38.
    Introduction: Universal health coverage (UHC) was introduced in Iran in 2014. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usage rate of health services by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients after UHC implementation. Material and methods: In 2018, in a cross-sectional study, we evaluated the outpatients’ needs (within its previous month) and inpatients’ needs (within its previous 6 months) of HIV/AIDS patients in Isfahan province (the center of Iran). Concurrently, we estimated the essential health care services (...)
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  7. PrEP als demokratische Biopolitik. Zur Kritik der biopolitischen Repressionshypothese - oder: die pharmazeutische Destigmatisierung des Schwulseins.Karsten Schubert - 2020 - Jahrbuch Sexualitäten 5:91-125.
    PrEP (Präexpositionsprophylaxe) ist ein relativ neues Mittel zur Prävention von HIV-Infektionen. HIV-negative Menschen nehmen antivirale Medikamente ein, die verhindern, dass der Kontakt mit dem Virus zu einer Infektion führt. Im Gegensatz zum Kondomgebrauch basiert dieses Präventionsverfahren auf Medikamenten und nicht auf einer Verhaltensänderung. Aus der Perspektive der Biopolitik fügt sie sich in einen größeren Trend in Richtung Medikalisierung, des Anstiegs der Macht der Pharmaindustrie und der Reglementierung des Risikos ein. Sexuelles Verhalten ist das Ergebnis der Subjektivierung, des Prozesses, durch den (...)
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  8. Streit um die HIV-PrEP: Stigma, Homophobie und die Befreiung schwuler Sexualität.Karsten Schubert - 2020 - Magazin Hiv.
    Die Einführung der HIV-Prophylaxe PrEP ist ein Beispiel für demokratische Biopolitik und macht Hoffnung auf eine Beendigung von Sexnegativität und Stigmatisierung, findet Dr. Karsten Schubert.
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  9. Supplementing the Lack of Ubuntu? The Ministry of Zimbabwe’s Mashoko Christian Hospital to People Living with HIV and AIDS in Challenging Their Stigmatisation in the Church.Collium Banda & Suspicion Mudzanire - 2019 - HTS Theological Studies 75 (4):1-11.
    This article uses the African communal concept of ubuntu to reflect on the ministry of Mashoko Christian Hospital, Zimbabwe, to people living with the human immunodeficiency virus and AIDS during the early days since the discovery of the disease. The main question this article seeks to answer is: from a perspective of the African philosophy of ubuntu, how did the ministry of MCH to PLWHA challenge the fear and judgemental attitudes towards the disease within the Churches of Christ in Zimbabwe? (...)
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  10. Reframing HIV Stigma and Fear.Caitlyn D. Placek, Holly Nishimura, Natalie Hudanick, Dionne Stephens & Purnima Madhivanan - 2019 - Human Nature 30 (1):1-22.
    HIV stigma and fears surrounding the disease pose a challenge for public health interventions, particularly those that target pregnant women. In order to reduce stigma and improve the lives of vulnerable populations, researchers have recognized a need to integrate different types of support at various levels. To better inform HIV interventions, the current study draws on social-ecological and evolutionary theories of reproduction to predict stigma and fear of contracting HIV among pregnant women in South India. The aims of this study (...)
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  11. HIV Disease Progression: Overexpression of the Ectoenzyme CD38 as a Contributory Factor?Juan C. Rodríguez‐Alba, Amayrani Abrego‐Peredo, Carlos Gallardo‐Hernández, Jocelyn Pérez‐Lara, Wendolaine Santiago‐Cruz, Wei Jiang & Enrique Espinosa - 2019 - Bioessays 41 (1).
    Despite abundant evidence associating CD38 overexpression and CD4 T cell depletion in HIV infection, no causal relation has been investigated. To address this issue, a series of mechanisms are proposed, supported by evidence from different fields, by which CD38 overexpression can facilitate CD4 T cell depletion in HIV infection. According to this model, increased catalytic activity of CD38 may reduce CD4 T cells’ cytoplasmic nicotin‐amide adenine dinucleotide (NAD), leading to a chronic Warburg effect. This will reduce mitochondrial function. Simultaneously, CD38's (...)
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  12. The Democratic Biopolitics of PrEP.Karsten Schubert - 2019 - In Helene Helga Gerhards & Kathrin Braun (eds.), Biopolitiken – Regierungen des Lebens heute. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien. pp. 121-153.
    PrEP (Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis) is a relatively new drug-based HIV prevention technique and an important means to lower the HIV risk of gay men who are especially vulnerable to HIV. From the perspective of biopolitics, PrEP inscribes itself in a larger trend of medicalization and the rise of pharmapower. This article reconstructs and evaluates contemporary literature on biopolitical theory as it applies to PrEP, by bringing it in a dialogue with a mapping of the political debate on PrEP. As PrEP changes (...)
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  13. Queer Theory and Biomedical Practice: The Biomedicalization of Sexuality/The Cultural Politics of Biomedicine.William J. Spurlin - 2019 - Journal of Medical Humanities 40 (1):7-20.
    This article works across multiple disciplinary boundaries, especially queer theory, to examine critically the controversial, and often socially controlling, role of biomedical knowledge and interventions in the realm of human sexuality. It will attempt to situate scientific/medical discourses on sexuality historically, socially, and culturally in order to expose the ways in which “proper” sexual health in medical research and clinical practice has been conflated with prevailing social norms at particular historical junctures in the 20th and 21st centuries. How might the (...)
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  14. The Trials of Patient O.Jennifer P. Cohen - 2017 - Voices in Bioethics 3.
    In 1987, Harry Reasoner of 60 Minutes questioned Dr. Selma Dritz about her search in the early 1980s for the origins of the deadly outbreak of AIDS in the United States. “It was the whodunit of the century, and I was born nosy,” she tells him. The title of the 60 Minutes piece was “Patient Zero” who Mr. Reasoner explains “was a man – a central victim and victimizer” in the spread of AIDS. Dr. Dritz, who had been the head (...)
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  15. Exploring the Factors and Effects of Non-Adherence to Antiretroviral Treatment by People Living with HIV/AIDS.Jabulani G. Kheswa - 2017 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 17 (1):1-11.
    The aim of the study was to determine how the health of people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is affected by social and structural factors conducive to non-adherence to antiretroviral treatment. In a qualitative study conducted at Victoria Hospital in Alice, a town in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, 23 isiXhosa-speaking participants between the ages of 18 and 60 years were interviewed. Guided by the social-ecological framework of Bronfenbrenner, which is based on the notion that the (...)
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  16. Rethinking the Poverty-Disease Nexus: The Case of HIV/AIDS in South Africa.Kiran Pienaar - 2017 - Journal of Medical Humanities 38 (3):249-266.
    While it is well-established that poverty and disease are intimately connected, the nature of this connection and the role of poverty in disease causation remains contested in scientific and social studies of disease. Using the case of HIV/AIDS in South Africa and drawing on a theoretically grounded analysis, this paper reconceptualises disease and poverty as ontologically entangled. In the context of the South African HIV epidemic, this rethinking of the poverty-disease dynamic enables an account of how social forces such as (...)
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  17. Looking Back at the Ethical Tangles of Pediatric AIDS.Abigail Zuger - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (4):44-45.
    The place is San Francisco, the year 1981. The newly minted young doctor, all shiny confidence, sits at his desk. Suddenly, he stares down at a lab result, startled. This opening scene can mean only one thing in a medical memoir: the mysterious disease not yet known as AIDS has come to town. As the generation who first encountered AIDS ages into its memoir-writing years, we will be seeing more of these first chapters, and despite their inevitable redundancies, each may (...)
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  18. Reconsidering Gendered Sexualities in a Generalized AIDS Epidemic.Nicole Angotti & Christie Sennott - 2016 - Gender and Society 30 (6):935-957.
    Using the threat of a severe AIDS epidemic in a collection of rural villages in South Africa, we illustrate how men and women reconsider gendered sexualities through conversations and interactions in everyday life. We draw from data collected by local ethnographers and focus on the processes through which men and women collectively respond to the threat posed by AIDS to relationships, families, and communities. Whereas previous research has shown that individuals often reaffirm hegemonic norms about gender and sexuality in response (...)
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  19. HIV Trauma and the Emergency Departments: The CDC Optout Approach Should Be Adopted in South Africa.Timothy Hardcastle & Bhakti Hansoti - 2016 - South African Journal of Bioethics and Law 9 (2):57-57.
    Background. Trauma is the fourth burden of disease in South Africa. The risk group is the same as that for HIV/AIDS. The Centers for Disease Control and the World Health Organization promulgated the opt-out testing system 10 years ago and several high- and lower-middleincome countries have adopted this approach.Objective. To review the feasibility of implementing the opt-out system in SA emergency departments.Methods. We examined the clinical, economic, practical and patient/provider perceptions concerning the scientific and ethical aspects of the opt-out concept.Results. (...)
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  20. Tailored Functional Recipe (TFR) Approach to Delay the Progression of HIV to AIDS Among People Living with HIV (PLWH) in Abuja, Nigeria.Abraham Mainaji Amlogu - 2014 - Pharmacology and Pharmacy 5:926-936.
    Background: HIV/AIDS is a pandemic disease and its scourge has had a devastating impact on health, nutrition, food security and overall socioeconomic development in affected countries. Moreover, intervention programmes, which simply employ antiretroviral drugs, have been found to lack effectiveness particularly when the patient is under-nourished. Aim and Purpose: This presented pilot intervention provides evidence that suggests use of local resources as therapeutic nutrition. This can act as a fundamental part of the comprehensive package of care at the country level. (...)
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  21. Addressing Forced Duplicity in Black Male Identity and Risky Sexual-Behavior Practices in Tyler Perry's "The Haves and the Have Nots.Obiora Anekwe - 2014 - Voices in Bioethics 1.
    Tyler Perry has done it yet again. As writer, executive producer, and director of the OWN Channel’s modern soap opera, The Haves and the Have Nots, Perry tactfully addresses the ethical challenge of forced duplicity in black male identity through the prism of risky sexual-behavior practices among African American homosexual men. For a number of years, many gay black men have been under societal pressure to conform and marry women. These practices eventually harm the entire family structure because many of (...)
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  22. “Women Don't Get AIDS, They Just Die From It”: Memory, Classification, and the Campaign to Change the Definition of AIDS.Alexis Shotwell - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (2):509-525.
    In this paper, I examine activist group ACT UP's campaign to change the US Centers for Disease Control surveillance case definition of HIV and AIDS. This campaign's effects included a profound shift in how AIDS is understood, and thus in some real way in what it is. I argue that classification should be understood as a political formation with material effects, attending to the words of activists, most of them women, who contested the way AIDS was defined in a moment (...)
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  23. Modelling the Impact of HIV on the Populations of South Africa and Botswana.T. Viljoen, J. Spoelstra, L. Hemerik & J. Molenaar - 2014 - Acta Biotheoretica 62 (1):91-108.
    We develop and use mathematical models that describe changes in the South African population over the last decades, brought on by HIV and AIDS. We do not model all the phases in HIV progression but rather, we show that a relatively simple model is sufficient to represent the data and allows us to investigate important aspects of HIV infection: firstly, we are able to investigate the effect of awareness on the prevalence of HIV and secondly, it enables us to make (...)
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  24. Bad Blood.Asna Erfan - 2013 - Voices in Bioethics 2013.
    he human immunodeficiency virus has disproportionately affected the gay community and victims of hemophilia, a rare bleeding disorder. For more than a decade in the 1960s, the Food and Drug Administration turned the other cheek on drug regulation and allowed pharmaceutical industries to control manufacturing processes. This approach led to violations of safety standards, as pharmaceutical companies became increasingly concerned with enormous profits and less about oversight. When AIDS emerged in the 1980s, over 10,000 people with hemophilia were infected with (...)
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  25. Origins and Limitations of State-Based Advocacy: Brazil’s AIDS Treatment Program and Global Power Dynamics.Matthew Flynn - 2013 - Politics and Society 41 (1):3-28.
    Brazil has occupied a central role in the access to medicines movement, especially with respect to drugs used to treat those with the human immunodeficiency virus that causes the acquired immune deficiency syndrome. Contrary to previous literature centered on the role of the domestic pharmaceutical industry, politicians seeking electoral gains, and civil society activists, I argue that the state, especially the National AIDS Program, led the struggle in contesting a corporate-driven international intellectual property regime. After reviewing the origins of Brazil’s (...)
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  26. Debunking Delusions: The Inside Story of the Treatment Action Campaign by Nathan Geffen.Henry Bauer - 2012 - Journal of Scientific Exploration 26 (3).
    This book’s lead title seemed to make it a natural for review in the Journal of Scientific Exploration; but it is the subtitle that properly describes the contents: It deals almost exclusively with South African controversies, about HIV/AIDS in particular and medical matters more generally. Still, there are points of general interest. When a belief does not correspond to reality, the believers can go far astray in their actions and their recounting and explicating of events. So it is with this (...)
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  27. Cripping Safe Sex: Life Goes On’s Queer/Disabled Alliances.Julie Passanante Elman - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (3):317-326.
    Life Goes On (1989–1993) was the first television series in U.S. history not only to introduce a recurring teenaged HIV-positive character but also to feature an actor with Down syndrome in a leading role. Drawing new connections among disability studies, queer theory, and bioethics, I argue that Life responded to American disability rights activism and the AIDS epidemic of the early 1990s by depicting sex education as disability activism. By portraying fulfilling sexual relationships for its disabled protagonists, Life challenged heteronormative (...)
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  28. Criminalizing Health-Related Behaviors Dangerous to Others? Disease Transmission, Transmission-Facilitation, and the Importance of Trust.Leslie Pickering Francis & John G. Francis - 2012 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (1):47-63.
    Statutes criminalizing behavior that risks transmission of HIV/AIDS exemplify use of the criminal law against individuals who are victims of infectious disease. These statutes, despite their frequency, are misguided in terms of the goals of the criminal law and the public health aim of reducing overall burdens of disease, for at least three important reasons. First, they identify individual offenders for punishment, a paradigm that is misplaced in the most typical contexts of transmission of infectious disease and even for HIV/AIDS, (...)
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  29. Cambodian Patients' and Health Professionals' Views Regarding the Allocation of Antiretroviral Drugs.Stephanie Nann, Jean-Phlippe Dousset, Chanthy Sok, Pisey Khim, Sopheap Y., Paul Sorum & Etienne Mullet - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (2):96-103.
    The way Cambodian patients and health professionals judge the priority of HIV-infected patients in relation to the allocation of antiretroviral drugs was examined. Participants were either HIV-infected patients attending the HIV/AIDS Care and Support Centre for People Living with HIV/AIDS in Phnom Penh (29 females and 21 males) or members of the staff (9 physicians, 6 pharmacists and 15 health counsellors and health educators). They were presented with stories of a few lines depicting a patient's situation and were instructed to (...)
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  30. Cambodian Patients' and Health Professionals' Views Regarding the Allocation of Antiretroviral Drugs.Jean‐Phlippe Dousset Stephanie Nann - 2012 - Developing World Bioethics 12 (2):96-103.
    ABSTRACTThe way Cambodian patients and health professionals judge the priority of HIV‐infected patients in relation to the allocation of antiretroviral drugs was examined. Participants were either HIV‐infected patients attending the HIV/AIDS Care and Support Centre for People Living with HIV/AIDS in Phnom Penh or members of the staff . They were presented with stories of a few lines depicting a patient's situation and were instructed to judge the extent to which the patient should be given priority for HIV drugs. The (...)
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  31. One ‘Body/Nation’: Pathology and Cultural Citizenship in Australia.Zoe Anderson - 2011 - Cultural Studies Review 15 (1).
    Particular bodies within the Australian nation can be seen to threaten to disrupt and destabilise dominant notions of cultural citizenship. Understood through intricate intersections of ethnicity, gender and sexuality, ‘Australianness’–and its correlation to the geographical nation–is constantly monitored. Crucial here is the manner in which boundaries of whiteness, and ‘true Australianess’, are reconstituted, fuelling avoidance of the ambiguities of national belonging and ensuring the enduring pathologisation of the ‘un’Australian. In particular, discursive associations between HIV/AIDS and the ‘foreign’ as perceived contaminates (...)
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  32. Paper: The Challenge of Defining Standards of Prevention in HIV Prevention Trials.Sean Philpott, Lori Heise, Elizabeth McGrory, Lynn Paxton & Catherine Hankins - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (4):244-248.
    As new HIV prevention tools are developed, researchers face a number of ethical and logistic questions about how and when to include novel HIV prevention strategies and tools in the standard prevention package of ongoing and future HIV prevention trials. Current Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS /World Health Organization guidance recommends that participants in prevention trials receive ‘access to all state of the art HIV risk reduction methods’, and that decisions about adding new tools to the prevention package be (...)
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  33. HIV Prevention for Incarcerated Populations.Emily Reimer-Barry - 2011 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 31 (1):179-199.
    IN THE UNITED STATES, 25 PERCENT OF PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV/AIDS HAVE spent time in the correctional system. HIV is known to spread among incarcerated individuals through high-risk behaviors including unprotected sex, injection drug use, tattooing, and body piercing. When released from prison, persons living with HIV can spread the disease in the wider community. This essay explores the complex problem of HIV infection among US prisoners from a common good approach rooted in Catholic social teachings by examining available data (...)
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  34. Çağin Vebasi Aids: Hiv/aids’e İlişkin Damgalama Ve AyrimcilikAids, The Plague Of Our Age: Hiv/aids Related Stigma And Discrimination.Nurşen Adak - 2010 - Ethos: Dialogues in Philosophy and Social Sciences 3 (2).
    HIV/AIDS’e ilişkin damgalama ve ayrımcılık çağımızın en önemli sorunlarından birisidir. Bu makalede, sosyal bir sorun olarak HIV/AIDS’e ilişkin damgalama ve ayrımcılık incelenmektedir. HIV/AIDS sadece tıbbi bir hastalık değil, aynı zamanda ekonomik, kültürel, psikolojik ve sosyal boyutları da olan bir sorundur. HIV/AIDS’li bireylere karşı bireysel ve sosyal reaksiyonların çoğu, bu kişilere karşı korku, cehalet, sosyal yargı ve kontrol sonucu oluşan damgalamadan kaynaklanır. Sonuç olarak, bu çalışmada daha önce yapılmış çalışmalara dayalı olarak, HIV/AIDS’le ilgili damgalama ve ayrımcılığın sosyal neden ve sonuçları gözden (...)
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  35. “The Obvious Invisibility of the Relationship Between Technology and Social Values.”.Jamie P. Ross - 2010 - International Journal of Science in Society, Vol. 2, No.1, P. 51-62, CG Publisher. 2010 2 (1):51-62.
    Abstract -/- “The Obvious Invisibility of the Relationship Between Technology and Social Values” -/- We all too often assume that technology is the product of objective scientific research. And, we assume that technology’s moral value lies in only the moral character of its user. Yet, in order to objectify technology in a manner that removes it from a moral realm, we rely on the assumption that technology is value neutral, i.e., it is independent of all contexts other than the context (...)
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  36. One 'Body/Nation': Pathology and Cultural Citizenship in Australia.Zoe Anderson - 2009 - Cultural Studeis Review 15 (1):110-129.
    Particular bodies within the Australian nation can be seen to threaten to disrupt and destabilise dominant notions of cultural citizenship. Understood through intricate intersections of ethnicity, gender and sexuality, ‘Australianness’–and its correlation to the geographical nation–is constantly monitored. Crucial here is the manner in which boundaries of whiteness, and ‘true Australianess’, are reconstituted, fuelling avoidance of the ambiguities of national belonging and ensuring the enduring pathologisation of the ‘un’Australian. In particular, discursive associations between HIV/AIDS and the ‘foreign’ as perceived contaminates (...)
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  37. Mathematical Analysis of a Two Strain Hiv/Aids Model with Antiretroviral Treatment.C. P. Bhunu, W. Garira & G. Magombedze - 2009 - Acta Biotheoretica 57 (3):361-381.
    A two strain HIV/AIDS model with treatment which allows AIDS patients with sensitive HIV-strain to undergo amelioration is presented as a system of non-linear ordinary differential equations. The disease-free equilibrium is shown to be globally asymptotically stable when the associated epidemic threshold known as the basic reproduction number for the model is less than unity. The centre manifold theory is used to show that the sensitive HIV-strain only and resistant HIV-strain only endemic equilibria are locally asymptotically stable when the associated (...)
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  38. The Specter of AIDS: Testimonial Activism in the Aftermath of the Epidemic.Claire Laurier Decoteau - 2008 - Sociological Theory 26 (3):230 - 257.
    Reporting on a study of activists living with HIV/AIDS who give testimonials of their experiences with the disease in various educational settings, this article employs the notion of 'haunting' as a means of analyzing the effect of social justice activism in the "aftermath" of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Because of a shift in both the discursive construction of AIDS and the material symptoms of the disease (due to widespread availability of anti-retroviral medication), the signified of AIDS is "out of joint" with (...)
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  39. Ethics of Mandatory Premarital Hiv Testing in Africa: The Case of Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo.Stuart Rennie & Bavon Mupenda - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (2):126-137.
    Despite decades of prevention efforts, millions of persons worldwide continue to become infected by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) every year. This urgent problem of global epidemic control has recently lead to significant changes in HIV testing policies. Provider-initiated approaches to HIV testing have been embraced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization, such as those that routinely inform persons that they will be tested for HIV unless they explicitly refuse ('opt out'). While these (...)
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  40. Infectious Diseases, Security and Ethics: The Case of Hiv\Textfractionsolidus{}Aids: Articles.Michaelj Selgelid - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (9):457-465.
    Securitization of infectious diseases may involve suspension of ordinary human rights and liberties. In the event of an epidemic, therefore, it is important to limit the occasions upon which draconian disease control measures are implemented in the name of security. The term 'security', moreover, should not be used too loosely if it is to retain force and meaning in political discourse. It may be argued that the bar for disease securitization should be set high so that it is limited to (...)
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  41. Dentistry and the Ethics of Infection.David Shaw - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (3):184-187.
    Currently, any dentist in the UK who is HIV-seropositive must stop treating patients. This is despite the fact that hepatitis B-infected dentists with a low viral load can continue to practise, and the fact that HIV is 100 times less infectious than hepatitis B. Dentists are obliged to treat HIV-positive patients, but are obliged not to treat any patients if they themselves are HIV-positive. Furthermore, prospective dental students are now screened for hepatitis B and C and HIV, and are not (...)
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  42. Ethics of Mandatory Premarital Hiv Testing in Africa: The Case of Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo.Bavon Mupenda Stuart Rennie - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (2):126-137.
    ABSTRACTDespite decades of prevention efforts, millions of persons worldwide continue to become infected by the human immunodeficiency virus every year. This urgent problem of global epidemic control has recently lead to significant changes in HIV testing policies. Provider‐initiated approaches to HIV testing have been embraced by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization, such as those that routinely inform persons that they will be tested for HIV unless they explicitly refuse . While these policies appear (...)
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  43. Unconscious Mental Factors in Hiv Infection.Peter Todd - 2008 - Mind and Matter 6 (2):193-206.
    Multiple drug resistant strains of HIV and continuing difficulties with vaccine development highlight the importance of psychologi- cal interventions which aim to in uence the psychosocial and emo- tional factors empirically demonstrated to be significant predictors of immunity, illness progression and AIDS mortality in seropositive persons. Such data have profound implications for psychological interventions designed to modify psychosocial factors predictive of enhanced risk of exposure to HIV as well as the neuroendocrine and immune mechanisms mediating the impact of such factors (...)
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  44. AIDS and Culture: The Case for an African Information Identity.Kendra S. Albright - 2007 - International Review of Information Ethics 7:1.
    The library and information profession in Africa is not well recognized. It does not carry an identifiable set of core activities that share a common understanding across societies in Africa. The number of libraries in Africa is limited for a variety of reasons including lack of resources, populations that are not based in print literacy, and having its roots in the British model of librarianship. HIV/AIDS continues to pose severe problems for Sub-Saharan Africa. Some countries in the region have successfully (...)
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  45. The Concept of Botho and Hiv&Aids in Botswana.Joseph B. R. Gaie & Sana Mmolai (eds.) - 2007 - Zapf Chancery.
    Ever since the publication of Placide Tempel's epoch-making work Bantu Philosophy, African philosophers have worked to dispel the myth that there is no metaphysics in Africa.
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  46. Primary Source Knowledge and Technical Decision-Making: Mbeki and the AZT Debate.Martin Weinel - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (4):748-760.
    Demands for public participation in technical decision-making are currently high on the agenda of Science & Technology Studies. It is assumed that the democratisation of technical decision-making processes generally leads to more socially desirable and acceptable outcomes. While this may be true in certain cases, this assumption cannot be generalised. I will discuss the case of the so-called ‘South African AZT debate’. The controversy started when President Thabo Mbeki, after reading some scientific papers on the toxicity of AZT, decided to (...)
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  47. Aids and Evidence: Interogating Some Ugandan Myths.Tim Allen - 2006 - Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (1):7-28.
    Uganda is invoked as a metaphor for a host of arguments and insights about HIV/AIDS. However, much of what has been asserted about the country is not based on the available evidence. This paper reviews findings by epidemiologists and anthropologists, and draws on the author’s experiences of researching in the country since the early 1980s. It comments on various myths about HIV/AIDS in Uganda, including myths about the origin and dissemination of the disease, about the links between HIV/AIDS and war, (...)
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  48. Disease, Suffering, and Sin: One Anglican's Perspective.Claire Foster - 2006 - Christian Bioethics 12 (2):157-163.
    This article explores some of the implications of understanding sin as failure of perception. The theological underpinning of the argument is the choice made in the Garden of Eden to eat the fruit of the tree of knowledge rather than the fruit of the tree of life, or wisdom. This has led to distorted perception, in which all things are seen as having separate, independent existences rather than joined together by their common divine source and their deep interrelatedness in the (...)
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  49. Abstain or Die: The Development of Hiv/Aids Policy in Botswana.Suzette Heald - 2006 - Journal of Biosocial Science 38 (1):29-41.
    This paper traces the development of policies dealing with HIV/AIDS in Botswana from their beginning in the late 1980s to the current programme to provide population-wide anti-retroviral therapy (ARV). Using a variety of source material, including long-term ethnographic research, it seeks to account for the failure of Western-inspired approaches in dealing with the pandemic. It does this by looking at the cultural and institutional features that have created resistance to the message and inhibited effective implementation. The negative response to the (...)
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  50. The Use of Information and Communication Technologies for Providing Access to HIV/AIDS Information Management in a Resource-Poor Country.Adedayo O. Adeyemi & M. H. Ayegboyin - 2005 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 2:393-400.
    We investigate the growing use of information and communication technology in Nigeria and its potential as a tool to combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic through information management. Potential applications include data gathering for research and disease tracking, knowledge sharing, and dissemination of information on research findings, prevention methods, available care and support, and patient rights. The research is based on 1450 responses to a widely distributed questionnaire.
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