Results for 'Carla L. Hudson Kam'

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  1.  36
    The curse of knowledge: First language knowledge impairs adult learners’ use of novel statistics for word segmentation.Amy S. Finn & Carla L. Hudson Kam - 2008 - Cognition 108 (2):477-499.
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  2.  46
    The Effect of Sonority on Word Segmentation: Evidence for the Use of a Phonological Universal.Marc Ettlinger, Amy S. Finn & Carla L. Hudson Kam - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (4):655-673.
    It has been well documented how language-specific cues may be used for word segmentation. Here, we investigate what role a language-independent phonological universal, the sonority sequencing principle (SSP), may also play. Participants were presented with an unsegmented speech stream with non-English word onsets that juxtaposed adherence to the SSP with transitional probabilities. Participants favored using the SSP in assessing word-hood, suggesting that the SSP represents a potentially powerful cue for word segmentation. To ensure the SSP influenced the segmentation process (i.e., (...)
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  3.  30
    The curse of knowledge: First language knowledge impairs adult learners’ use of novel statistics for word segmentation.Amy S. Finn & Carla L. Hudson Kam - 2008 - Cognition 108 (2):477-499.
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  4.  41
    The Effect of Sonority on Word Segmentation: Evidence for the Use of a Phonological Universal.Marc Ettlinger, Amy S. Finn & Carla L. Hudson Kam - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (4):655-673.
    It has been well documented how language‐specific cues may be used for word segmentation. Here, we investigate what role a language‐independent phonological universal, the sonority sequencing principle (SSP), may also play. Participants were presented with an unsegmented speech stream with non‐English word onsets that juxtaposed adherence to the SSP with transitional probabilities. Participants favored using the SSP in assessing word‐hood, suggesting that the SSP represents a potentially powerful cue for word segmentation. To ensure the SSP influenced the segmentation process (i.e., (...)
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  5.  66
    Emotion and Morality in Psychopathy and Paraphilias.Carla L. Harenski & Kent A. Kiehl - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):299-301.
    Understanding the role of emotion in moral judgment has been an active area of investigation and debate. Here we comment on this topic by examining the interaction between emotion and moral judgment in certain psychopathological groups that are characterized by abnormalities in emotion processing, such as psychopaths and sexual offenders with paraphilic disorders.
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  6. Why Don’t Physicians Use Ethics Consultation?L. Davies & Leonard D. Hudson - 1999 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 10 (2):116-125.
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  7.  60
    Neural correlates of moral and non-moral emotion in female psychopathy.Carla L. Harenski, Bethany G. Edwards, Keith A. Harenski & Kent A. Kiehl - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
    This study presents the first neuroimaging investigation of female psychopathy in an incarcerated population. Prior studies have found that male psychopathy is associated with reduced limbic and paralimbic activation when processing emotional stimuli and making moral judgments. The goal of this study was to investigate whether these findings extend to female psychopathy. During fMRI scanning, 157 incarcerated and 46 non-incarcerated female participants viewed unpleasant pictures, half which depicted moral transgressions, and neutral pictures. Participants rated each picture on moral transgression severity. (...)
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  8.  28
    Big & Bad? A Sociological Perspective on the Icarus Paradox.Michael L. Barnett & Bryant A. Hudson - 2006 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:239-241.
    One of the more interesting counter-intuitive findings in organizational research is that success breeds failure. This counter-intuitive has been described in termsof core rigidities, core incompetencies, and even the Icarus Paradox. The literature on these topics has concluded that success yields overconfidence and myopia in firms and their managers, and this eventually causes failure. We augment this literature by suggesting that success breeds not only internal pathologies that cause firms to misuse their established resources over time, but also external pathologies (...)
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  9.  11
    Contemplating historical consciousness: notes from the field.Anna Clark & Carla L. Peck (eds.) - 2018 - Oxford: Berghahn.
    The last several decades have witnessed an explosion of new empirical research into representations of the past and the conditions of their production, prompting claims that we have entered a new era in which the past has become more “present” than ever before. Contemplating Historical Consciousness brings together leading historians, ethnographers, and other scholars who give illuminating reflections on the aims, methods, and conceptualization of their own research as well as the successes and failures they have encountered. This rich collective (...)
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  10.  23
    The Color of Memory: Interpreting Twentieth-Century U.S. Social Policy from a Nineteenth-Century Perspective.Rhonda M. Williams & Carla L. Peterson - 1998 - Feminist Studies 24 (1):7.
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  11.  20
    Abnormal frontostriatal activity in recently abstinent cocaine users during implicit moral processing.Brendan M. Caldwell, Carla L. Harenski, Keith A. Harenski, Samantha J. Fede, Vaughn R. Steele, Michael R. Koenigs & Kent A. Kiehl - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9:155442.
    Investigations into the neurobiology of moral cognition are often done by examining clinical populations characterized by diminished moral emotions and a proclivity toward immoral behavior. Psychopathy is the most common disorder studied for this purpose. Although cocaine abuse is highly co-morbid with psychopathy and cocaine-dependent individuals exhibit many of the same abnormalities in socio-affective processing as psychopaths, this population has received relatively little attention in moral psychology. To address this issue, the authors used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to record (...)
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  12.  59
    Structural Racism in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Moving Forward.Maya Sabatello, Mary Jackson Scroggins, Greta Goto, Alicia Santiago, Alma McCormick, Kimberly Jacoby Morris, Christina R. Daulton, Carla L. Easter & Gwen Darien - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (3):56-74.
    Pandemics first and foremost hit those who are most vulnerable, and the COVID-19 pandemic is not different. Although the infection rate in the nation’s poorest neighborhoods is twice as it is in th...
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  13.  11
    Effects of presentation, recall, and study trials on word recall of a highly structured list.Robert L. Hudson & Kathleen S. Hudson - 1977 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10 (1):60-62.
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  14.  20
    Nurses’ care practices at the end of life in intensive care units in Bahrain.Catherine S. O’Neill, Maryam Yaqoob, Sumaya Faraj & Carla L. O’Neill - 2017 - Nursing Ethics 24 (8):950-961.
    Background:The process of dying in intensive care units is complex as the technological environment shapes clinical decisions. Decisions at the end of life require the involvement of patient, families and healthcare professionals. The degree of involvement can vary depending on the professional and social culture of the unit. Nurses have an important role to play in caring for dying patients and their families; however, their knowledge is not always sought.Objectives:This study explored nurses’ care practices at the end of life, with (...)
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  15.  20
    An Open Dialogue on Health Disparities and Structural Racism: Response to Open Peer Commentaries.Maya Sabatello, Mary Jackson Scroggins, Greta Goto, Alicia Santiago, Alma McCormick, Kimberly Jacoby Morris, Christina R. Daulton, Carla L. Easter & Gwen Darien - 2022 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (9):1-3.
    In our target article (Sabatello et al. 2021), we proposed the use of community engagement and the establishment of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) as pathways for promoting social just...
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  16.  46
    Distinct neuronal patterns of positive and negative moral processing in psychopathy.Samantha J. Fede, Jana Schaich Borg, Prashanth K. Nyalakanti, Carla L. Hare, Lora M. Cope, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Mike Koenigs, Vince D. Calhoun & Kent A. Kiehl - 2016 - Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience 16 (6):1074–1085.
    Psychopathy is a disorder characterized by severe and frequent moral violations in multiple domains of life. Numerous studies have shown psychopathy-related limbic brain abnormalities during moral processing; however, these studies only examined negatively valenced moral stimuli. Here, we aimed to replicate prior psychopathy research on negative moral judgments and to extend this work by examining psychopathy-related abnormalities in the processing of controversial moral stimuli and positive moral processing. Incarcerated adult males (N = 245) completed a functional magnetic resonance imaging protocol (...)
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  17.  99
    Can familism be justified?Kam-Yuen Cheng, Thomas Ming & L. A. I. Aaron - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (8):431-439.
    This paper argues against the continued practice of Confucian familism, even in its moderate form, in East Asian hospitals. According to moderate familism, a physician acting in concert with the patient's family may withhold diagnostic information from the patient, and may give it to the patient's family members without her prior approval. There are two main approaches to defend moderate familism: one argues that it can uphold patient's autonomy and protect her best interests; the other appeals to cultural relativism by (...)
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  18.  51
    Re-Viewing the First WaveAfrican American Women in the Struggle for the Vote, 1850-1920"Doers of the Word": African-American Women Speakers and Writers in the North, 1830-1880White Women's Rights: The Racial Origins of Feminism in the United StatesSex and Citizenship in Antebellum AmericaGolden Cables of Sympathy: The Transatlantic Sources of Nineteenth-Century FeminismJoyous Greetings: The First International Women's Movement, 1830-1860. [REVIEW]Lori D. Ginzberg, Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, Carla L. Peterson, Louise Michele Newman, Nancy Isenberg, Margaret H. McFadden & Bonnie S. Anderson - 2002 - Feminist Studies 28 (2):418.
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  19.  94
    Subjectivization in Ethics.James L. Hudson - 1989 - American Philosophical Quarterly 26 (3):221 - 229.
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  20.  27
    Smoke and mirrors: Testing the scope of chimpanzees’ appearance–reality understanding.Carla Krachun, Robert Lurz, Jamie L. Russell & William D. Hopkins - 2016 - Cognition 150 (C):53-67.
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  21. The Philosophy of Immigration.James L. Hudson - 1986 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 8 (1):51-62.
  22. Hidden narratives: perspectives of diversity, equity, and inclusion in pharmacy.Carla Y. White, Paula K. Davis, Vibhuti Arya, Amanda L. Storyward & Kevin A. Wiltz (eds.) - 2024 - Bethesda, MD: ASHP.
    This publication features the stories and experiences of pharmacy professionals who identify as members of historically underrepresented groups. This collection of personal essays presents significant events in the lives of those in the pharmacy community whose experiences have been shaped by their race, ethnicity, gender or gender presentation, sexual orientation, ability, language, mental health, or other factors. The perspectives from the narratives highlight the importance of diversity, equity, and inclusion in the healthcare sector. The authors of the narratives also reflect (...)
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  23.  22
    Rights and the further future.James L. Hudson - 1986 - Philosophical Studies 49 (1):99 - 107.
  24.  85
    The diminishing marginal value of happy people.James L. Hudson - 1987 - Philosophical Studies 51 (1):123 - 137.
    Thomas Hurka has recently proposed a utilitarian theory which would effect a compromise between Average and Total utilitarianism, the better to deal with issues in population ethics. This Compromise theory would incorporate the principle that the value which an extra happy person contributes to a possible world is a decreasing function of the total population of that world: that happy people are of diminishing marginal value. In spite of its initial plausibility I argue against this principle. I show that the (...)
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  25.  4
    Attractor States in Teaching and Learning Processes: A Study of Out-of-School Science Education.Carla H. Geveke, Henderien W. Steenbeek, Jeannette M. Doornenbal & Paul L. C. Van Geert - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  26. Whakapapa – a foundation for genetic research?Maui L. Hudson, Annabel L. M. Ahuriri-Driscoll, Marino G. Lea & Rod A. Lea - 2007 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 4 (1):43-49.
    Whakapapa is the foundation of traditional Māori social structure and it perpetuates a value base that locates people through their relationships to the physical and spiritual worlds. As part of a new envirogenomics research programme, researchers at the Institute of Environmental Science and Research (ESR) are developing a study with an iwi (tribe) to identify combinations of genetic and environmental factors that may contribute to current health status. A major objective of this study is to utilise whakapapa (genealogical information) to (...)
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  27.  18
    Sum logics and tensor products.Robin L. Hudson & Sylvia Pulmannová - 1993 - Foundations of Physics 23 (7):999-1024.
    A notion of factorizability for vector-valued measures on a quantum logic L enables us to pass from abstract logics to Hilbert space logics and thereby to construct tensor products. A claim by Kruszynski that, in effect, every orthogonally scattered measure is factorizable is shown to be false. Some criteria for factorizability are found.
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  28.  7
    The Impact of SCHIP on Insurance Coverage of Children.J. L. Hudson, T. M. Selden & J. S. Banthin - 2005 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 42 (3):232-254.
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  29.  42
    The diminishing marginal value.James L. Hudson - unknown
    Thomas I-Iurka has recently proposed a utilitarian theory which would effect a compromise between Average and Total utilitarianism, the better to deal with issues in population ethics. This Compromise theory would incorporate the principle that the value which an extra happy person contributes to a possible world is a decreasing function of the total population of that world: that happy people are of diminishing marginal value. In spite of its initial plausibility I argue against this principle. I show that the (...)
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  30.  22
    The impact of SCHIP on insurance coverage of children.Julie L. Hudson, Thomas M. Selden & Jessica S. Banthin - 2005 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 42 (3):232-254.
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  31. Blogs and the First Amendment.David L. Hudson Jr - 2006 - Nexus 11:129.
     
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  32. Logical Subtraction.James L. Hudson - 1975 - Analysis 35 (4):130 - 135.
  33.  73
    The treaty of waitangi and research ethics in aotearoa.Maui L. Hudson & Khyla Russell - 2009 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 6 (1):61-68.
    Researchers, when engaging with Māori communities, are in a process of relationship building and this process can be guided by the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi, partnership, participation and protection. The main concerns for many indigenous peoples in research revolve around respect for their indigenous rights, control over research processes and reciprocity within research relationships to ensure that equitable benefits are realised within indigenous groups. Māori have identified similar issues and these concerns can be aligned with the principles of (...)
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  34.  19
    Category clustering for immediate and delayed recall as a function of recall cue information and response dominance variability.Robert L. Hudson - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):575.
  35.  16
    Greek Personalities Max Pohlenz: Gestalten aus Hellas. Pp. 744; 16 plates. Munich: Bruckmann, 1950. Cloth, DM. 25.H. L. L. Hudson-Williams - 1952 - The Classical Review 2 (3-4):198-200.
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  36.  28
    Schlesinger on the newcomb problem.James L. Hudson - 1979 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 57 (2):145 – 156.
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  37. Logical subtraction.James L. Hudson - 1975 - Analysis 35 (4):130.
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  38.  5
    Effects of elastic interactions on post-cascade radiation damage evolution in kinetic Monte Carlo simulations.T. S. Hudson *, S. L. Dudarev, Caturla M. -J. & A. P. Sutton - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (4-7):661-675.
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  39. Justice Brennan's Significant Departure and Warning of an Evisceration.David L. Hudson Jr - 2005 - Nexus 10:93.
     
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  40.  35
    Embryo Biopsy for Stem Cells: Trading Old Problems for New.Kathy L. Hudson - 2006 - Hastings Center Report 36 (5):50-51.
  41.  21
    Greek Style.H. L. L. Hudson-Williams - 1962 - The Classical Review 12 (03):238-.
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  42.  24
    Frege's Way Out.James L. Hudson - 1975 - Philosophy Research Archives 1:135-140.
    I show that Frege's statement (In the Epilogue to his Grundgesetze der Arithmetic v. II) of a way to avoid Russell's paradox is defective, in that he presents two different methods as if they were one. One of these "ways out" is notably more plausible than the other, and is almost surely what Frege really intended. The well-known arguments of Lesniewski, Geach, and Quine that Frege's revision of his system is inadequate to avoid paradox are not affected by the ambiguity (...)
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  43.  22
    ΠΕΙΘΟϒΣ ΔΗΜΙΟϒΡΓΟΣ - George Kennedy: The Art of Persuasion in Greece. Pp. xi+350. London: Routledge, 1963. Cloth, 45 s. net.H. L. L. Hudson-Williams - 1965 - The Classical Review 15 (02):200-202.
  44.  63
    The chemistry of time.Hudson Hoagland & Oliver L. Reiser - 1934 - Philosophy of Science 1 (3):351-353.
  45.  15
    Own-age bias in face-name associations: Evidence from memory and visual attention in younger and older adults.Carla M. Strickland-Hughes, Kaitlyn E. Dillon, Robin L. West & Natalie C. Ebner - 2020 - Cognition 200 (C):104253.
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  46.  47
    Analogs of de Finetti's theorem and interpretative problems of quantum mechanics.R. L. Hudson - 1981 - Foundations of Physics 11 (9-10):805-808.
    It is argued that the characterization of the states of an infinite system of indistinguishable particles satisfying Bose-Einstein statistics which follows from the quantum-mechanical analog of de Finetti's theorem (2) can be used to interpret the nonuniqueness of the resolution into a convex combination of pure states of a quantum-mechanical mixed state.
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  47.  16
    Effect of context and category name on the recall of categorized word lists.Robert L. Hudson & James B. Austin - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (1):43.
  48.  32
    Invited comment on professor Bub's paper.R. L. Hudson - 1981 - Erkenntnis 16 (2):295 - 297.
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  49.  16
    Effects of elastic interactions on post-cascade radiation damage evolution in kinetic Monte Carlo simulations.T. S. Hudson, S. L. Dudarev, M. -J. Caturla & A. P. Sutton - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (4-7):661-675.
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  50.  69
    The Ethics of Immigration Restriction.James L. Hudson - 1984 - Social Theory and Practice 10 (2):201-239.
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