Results for 'E. Gorman Michael'

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  1.  11
    Societal Dimensions of Nanotechnology as a Trading Zone: Results From a Pilot Project.Michael E. Gorman, James F. Groves & Jeff Shrager - 2004 - In Baird D. (ed.), Discovering the Nanoscale. Ios. pp. 63--77.
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  2. Ethical and Environmental Challenges to Engineering.Michael E. Gorman, Matthew M. Mehalik & Patricia Hogue Werhane - 2000
     
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  3. Simulating Science Heuristics, Mental Models, and Technoscientific Thinking.Michael E. Gorman - 1992
     
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  4.  3
    Using Trading Zones and Life Cycle Analysis to Understand Nanotechnology Regulation.Ahson Wardak & Michael E. Gorman - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 34 (4):695-703.
    This article reviews the public health and environmental regulations applicable to nanotechnology using a life cycle model from basic research through end-of-life for products. Given nanotechnology's immense promise and public investment, regulations are important, balancing risk with the public good. Trading zones and earth systems engineering management assist in explaining potential solutions to gaps in an otherwise complex, overlapping regulatory system.
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  5. Levels of Expertise and Trading Zones: Combining Cognitive and Social Approaches to Technology Studies.Michael E. Gorman - 2005 - In M. Gorman, R. Tweney, D. Gooding & A. Kincannon (eds.), Scientific and Technological Thinking. Erlbaum. pp. 287--302.
     
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  6.  23
    Trading Zones, Moral Imagination and Socially Sensitive Computing.Michael E. Gorman - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (1):89-97.
    As computating technologies become ubiquitous and at least partly autonomous, they will have increasing impact on societies, both in the developed and developing worlds. This article outlines a framework for guiding emerging technologies in directions that promise social as well as technical progress. Multiple stakeholders will have to be engaged in dialogues over new technological directions, forming trading zones in which knowledge and resources are exchanged. Such discussions will have to incorporate cultural and individual values.
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  7.  8
    Confirmation, Disconfirmation, and Invention: The Case of Alexander Graham Bell and the Telephone.Michael E. Gorman - 1995 - Thinking and Reasoning 1 (1):31 – 53.
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  8.  29
    Trading Zones, Interactional Expertise, and Future Research in Cognitive Psychology of Science.Michael E. Gorman - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):96-100.
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  9.  26
    Introduction to Cognition in Science and Technology.Michael E. Gorman - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (4):675-685.
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  10.  1
    Using Trading Zones and Life Cycle Analysis to Understand Nanotechnology Regulation.Ahson Wardak & Michael E. Gorman - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):695-703.
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  11. The Business of Consumption: Environmental Ethics and the Global Economy.George G. Brenkert, Donald A. Brown, Rogene A. Buchholz, Herman E. Daly, Richard Dodd, R. Edward Freeman, Eric T. Freyfogle, R. Goodland, Michael E. Gorman, Andrea Larson, John Lemons, Don Mayer, William McDonough, Matthew M. Mehalik, Ernest Partridge, Jessica Pierce, William E. Rees, Joel E. Reichart, Sandra B. Rosenthal, Mark Sagoff, Julian L. Simon, Scott Sonenshein & Wendy Warren - 1998 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    At the forefront of international concerns about global legislation and regulation, a host of noted environmentalists and business ethicists examine ethical issues in consumption from the points of view of environmental sustainability, economic development, and free enterprise.
     
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  12.  51
    Heuristics, Moral Imagination, and the Future of Technology.Michael E. Gorman - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):551-551.
    Successful application of heuristics depends on how a problem is represented, mentally. Moral imagination is a good technique for reflecting on, and sharing, mental representations of ethical dilemmas, including those involving emerging technologies. Future research on moral heuristics should use more ecologically valid problems and combine quantitative and qualitative methods.
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  13.  23
    Imaginative Design Challenges to “Do We Consume Too Much?”.Michael E. Gorman - 2000 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2000:135-141.
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  14.  22
    Moral Imagination, Trading Zones, and the Role of the Ethicist in Nanotechnology.E. Gorman Michael, H. Werhane Patricia & Nathan Swami - 2009 - NanoEthics 3 (3).
    The societal and ethical impacts of emerging technological and business systems cannot entirely be foreseen; therefore, management of these innovations will require at least some ethicists to work closely with researchers. This is particularly critical in the development of new systems because the maximum degrees of freedom for changing technological direction occurs at or just after the point of breakthrough; that is also the point where the long-term implications are hardest to visualize. Recent work on shared expertise in Science & (...)
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  15. Error and Scientific Reasoning.Michael E. Gorman - 1989 - In Steve Fuller (ed.), The Cognitive Turn: Sociological and Psychological Perspectives on Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
     
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  16.  4
    Using Expert Elicitation to Prioritize Resource Allocation for Risk Identification for Nanosilver.Emma Fauss, Michael E. Gorman & Nathan Swami - 2009 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 37 (4):770-780.
    This article introduces a method to identify risks through expert elicitation, using silver nanotechnology as a case study. Unique features of the method include supplying experts with a list of silver nanotechnology products, and conducting the elicitation in an extended interview format that captures the experts' reasoning. The end result is a series of graphical representations of expert thinking from which high-risk scenarios and knowledge gaps can be reliably inferred. This methodology, combined with other approaches to expert elicitation, can help (...)
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  17.  6
    The Emperor's New Epistemology.Lissa Roberts & Michael E. Gorman - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):743-744.
  18.  8
    Heuristics in Technoscientific Thinking.Michael E. Gorman - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (5):752-752.
    This review of Gigerenzer, Todd, and the ABC Research Group's Simple heuristics that make us smart focuses on the role of heuristics in discovery, invention, and hypothesis-testing and concludes with a comment on the role of heuristics in population growth.
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  19.  2
    Replication, Reliability and Peer Review: A Case Study.Michael E. Gorman - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):149.
  20.  7
    Implicit Knowledge in Engineering Judgment and Scientific Reasoning.Michael E. Gorman - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):767-768.
    Dienes & Perner's theoretical framework should be applicable to two related areas: technological innovation and the psychology of scientific reasoning. For the former, this commentary focuses on the example of nuclear weapon design, and on the decision to launch the space shuttle Challenger. For the latter, this commentary focuses on Klayman and Ha's positive test heuristic and the invention of the telephone.
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  21.  1
    Psychology of Science.Michael E. Gorman - 1996 - In William T. O'Donohue & Richard F. Kitchener (eds.), The Philosophy of Psychology. Sage Publications. pp. 4--50.
  22. Alexander Graham Bell: Making ConnectionsNaomi Pasachoff.Michael E. Gorman - 1999 - Isis 90 (3):611-612.
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  23. Cognition, Environment and the Collapse of Civilizations.Michael E. Gorman - 2007 - In L. Magnani & P. Li (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science, Technology, and Medicine. Springer. pp. 217--227.
  24. Simulating Social Epistemology-Experimental and Computational Approaches.Michael E. Gorman - 1992 - Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 15:400-426.
  25. The Future of Cognitive Studies of Science and Technology.Michael E. Gorman, Ryan D. Tweney, David C. Gooding & Alexandra P. Kincannon - 2005 - In M. Gorman, R. Tweney, D. Gooding & A. Kincannon (eds.), Scientific and Technological Thinking. Erlbaum.
     
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  26. Using History to Teach Invention and Design: The Case of the Telephone.Michael E. Gorman & J. Kirby Robinson - 1998 - Science and Education 7 (2):173-201.
  27.  12
    Loux, Michael. J. Metaphysics: A Contemporary Introduction.Michael Gorman - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (4):943-944.
  28. Augustine's Use of Neoplatonism in Confessions VII: A Response to Peter King.Michael Gorman - 2005 - Modern Schoolman 82 (3):227-233.
    A modified version of Michael Gorman's comments on Peter King’s paper at the 2004 Henle Conference. Above all, an account of Augustine’s purposes in discussing Neoplatonism in Confessions VII, showing why Augustine does not tell us certain things we wish he would. In my commentary I will address the following topics: (i) what it means to speak of the philosophically interesting points in Augustine; (ii) whether Confessions VII is really about the Trinity; (iii) Augustine‘s intentions in Confessions VII; (...)
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  29.  69
    Incarnation.Michael Gorman - 2011 - In Brian Davies & Eleonore Stump (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas. Oxford University Press.
    According to Christian belief, Jesus Christ is a divine person who became “incarnate,” i.e., who became human. A key event in the second act of the drama of creation and redemption, the incarnation could not have failed to interest Aquinas, and he discusses it in a number of places. A proper understanding of what he thought about it is thus part of any complete understanding of his work. It is, furthermore, a window into his ideas on a variety of other (...)
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  30. On Substantial Independence: A Reply to Patrick Toner.Michael Gorman - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 159 (2):293-297.
    Patrick Toner has recently criticized accounts of substance provided by Kit Fine, E. J. Lowe, and the author, accounts which say (to a first approximation) that substances cannot depend on things other than their own parts. On Toner’s analysis, the inclusion of this parts exception results in a disjunctive definition of substance rather than a unified account. In this paper (speaking only for myself, but in a way that would, I believe, support the other authors that Toner discusses), I first (...)
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  31.  35
    Substance and Identity-Dependence.Michael Gorman - 2006 - Philosophical Papers 35 (1):103-118.
    There is no consensus on how to define substance, but one popular view is that substances are entities that are independent in some sense or other. E. J. Lowe’s version of this approach stresses that substances are not dependent on other particulars for their identity. I develop the meaning of this proposal, defend it against some criticisms, and then show that others do require that the theory be modified.
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  32.  57
    On a Thomistic Worry About Scotus's Doctrine of the Esse Christi.Michael Gorman - 2009 - Antonianum 84:719-733.
    According to authoritative Christian teaching, Jesus Christ is a single person existing in two natures, divinity and humanity. In attempting to understand this claim, the high-scholastic theologians often asked whether there was more than one existence in Christ. John Duns Scotus answers the question with a clear and strongly-formulated yes, and Thomists have sometimes suspected that his answer leads in a heretical direction. But before we can ask whether Scotus‘s answer is acceptable or not, we have to come to a (...)
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  33.  1
    Subjectivism About Normativity and the Normativity of Intentional States.Michael Gorman - 2003 - International Philosophical Quarterly 43 (1):5-14.
    Subjectivism about normativity is the view that norms are never intrinsic to things but are instead always imposed from without. After clarifying what SN is, I argue against it on the basis of its implications concerning intentionality. Intentional states with the mind-to-world direction of fit are essentially norm-subservient, i.e., essentially subject to norms such as truth, coherence, and the like. SN implies that nothing is intrinsically an intentional state of the mind-to-world sort: its being such a state is only a (...)
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  34. The oldest epitome of Augustine's Tractatus in Euangelium Ioannis and commentaries on the Gospel of John in the early Middle Ages.Michael Gorman - 1997 - Revue d' Etudes Augustiniennes Et Patristiques 43 (1):63-104.
    C'est un témoignage jusque-là inconnu de l'influence des Tractatus in Evangelium Ioannis d'Augustin que cet abrégé de l'ouvrage trouvé dans un fragment du manuscrit Paris lat. 10399 et dans trois manuscrits du IXe s. . Plusieurs passages de cet abrégé sont publiés ici pour la première fois. Les Tractatus in Evangelium Ioannis ont dominé les tentatives de commenter l'Évangile de Jean, faites au début du Moyen Age ; les commentaires, alors publiés, sont ici brièvement discutés.
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  35. Michael E. Gorman, Simulating Science: Heuristics, Mental Models, and Technoscientific Thinking Reviewed By.Steve Fuller - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (6):396-398.
     
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  36.  1
    Simulating Science: Heuristics, Mental Models, and Technoscientific Thinking by Michael E. Gorman[REVIEW]Stephen Downes - 1994 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 85:195-197.
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  37.  4
    Walter E. Broman, Timothy C. Lord, Roy W. Perrett, Colin Dickson, Jill P. Baumgaertner, Eva L. Corredor, William E. Cain, Ronald Bogue, Timothy V. Kaufman-Osborn, Jay S. Andrews, David M. Thompson, David Carey, David Parker, David Novitz, Norman Simms, David Herman, Paul Taylor, Jeff Mason, Robert D. Cottrell, David Gorman, Mark Stein, Constance S. Spreen, Will Morrisey, Jan Pilditch, Herman Rapaport, Mark Johnson, Michael McClintick, John D. Cox, Arthur Kirsch, Burton Watson, Michael Platt, Gary M. Ciuba, Karsten Harries, Mary Anne O'Neil. [REVIEW]Wendell V. Harris - 1992 - Philosophy and Literature 16 (2):373.
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  38.  4
    Stephen Ogden, Carol Poster, Cathleen M. Bauschatz, Geoffrey Galt Harpham, Paul J. Korshin, Harvey L. Hix, William Walker, John Goodliffe, William Flesch, Anthony J. Cascardi, Graham Zanker, Ellen S. Fine, James G. Williams, John D. Cox, Véronique M. Fóti, Robert W. Burch, Susan B. Brill, John Durham Peters, David Gorman, Tony E. Jackson, Dora E. Polachek, Mark Stocker, Eric Dean, David Herman, Virginia A. La Charité, Edward E. Foster, C. W. Spinks, Paul M. Hedeen, Ruth Groenhout, Adriano P. Palma, Roblin Meeks, David Wetsel, Tom Conley, Dan Latimer, Michael Calabrese, Edward Donald Kennedy, Catharine Savage Brosman, Merold Westphal, Patrick Henry. [REVIEW]David Novitz - 1995 - Philosophy and Literature 19 (2):360.
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  39.  3
    Edwin Stein, Joseph Gibaldi, Fernand Hallyn, Timothy Hampton, Allan H. Pasco, John F. Desmond, Walter Adamson, Robert T. Corum, Mary Anne O'Neil, David Gorman, Richard Kaplan, Michael Weber, Willard Bohn, William E. Cain, Ronald Bogue, English Showalter, Michael Winkler, Richard Eldridge, Michael McClintick, Leslie D. Harris, Paul Taylor, John J. Stuhr, David Novitz, Paul Trembath, Mark Stocker, Michael McGaha, Patricia A. Ward, Michael Fischer, Michael Lopez, Ruth Ap Roberts, Gerald Prince. [REVIEW]Wendell V. Harris - 1993 - Philosophy and Literature 17 (2):343.
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  40.  15
    The Nature and Future of Philosophy – By Michael Dummett.David Gorman - 2011 - Philosophical Investigations 34 (3):323-327.
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  41.  1
    A Great Citizen of the Republic of Science: Michael Polanyi, 1892–1976. [REVIEW]S. E. - 1976 - Minerva 14 (1):1-5.
  42. Denying to the Grave: Why We Ignore the Facts That Will Save Us.Sara E. Gorman & Jack M. Gorman - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Why do some parents refuse to vaccinate their children? Why do some people keep guns at home, despite scientific evidence of risk to their family members? And why do people use antibiotics for illnesses they cannot possibly alleviate? When it comes to health, many people insist that science is wrong, that the evidence is incomplete, and that unidentified hazards lurk everywhere. In Denying to the Grave, Gorman and Gorman, a father-daughter team, explore the psychology of health science denial. (...)
     
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  43.  63
    National Center for Biomedical Ontology: Advancing Biomedicine Through Structured Organization of Scientific Knowledge.Daniel L. Rubin, Suzanna E. Lewis, Chris J. Mungall, Misra Sima, Westerfield Monte, Ashburner Michael, Christopher G. Chute, Ida Sim, Harold Solbrig, M. A. Storey, Barry Smith, John D. Richter, Natasha Noy & Mark A. Musen - 2006 - Omics: A Journal of Integrative Biology 10 (2):185-198.
    The National Center for Biomedical Ontology is a consortium that comprises leading informaticians, biologists, clinicians, and ontologists, funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Roadmap, to develop innovative technology and methods that allow scientists to record, manage, and disseminate biomedical information and knowledge in machine-processable form. The goals of the Center are (1) to help unify the divergent and isolated efforts in ontology development by promoting high quality open-source, standards-based tools to create, manage, and use ontologies, (2) to create (...)
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  44. The Essential and the Accidental.Michael Gorman - 2005 - Ratio 18 (3):276–289.
    The distinction between the essential and the accidental characteristics of a thing should be understood not in modal terms (the received view) nor in definitional terms (Fine’s recent proposal) but as follows: an essential characteristic of a thing is one that is not explained by any other of that thing’s characteristics, and an accidental characteristic of a thing is one that is so explained. Various versions of this proposal can be formulated.
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  45. Christ as Composite According to Aquinas.Michael Gorman - 2000 - Traditio 55:143-157.
    In this paper I explain Thomas Aquinas's view that Christ is a composite person, and then I explain the role of Christ's compositeness in Thomas‘s solutions to a range of Christological problems. On the topics I will be discussing, Thomas‘s views did not change significantly over the course of his career; for the sake of simplicity, then, I will focus on texts from the Summa theologiae, citing parallels in the notes.
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  46.  6
    Classical Theism, Classical Anthropology, and the Christological Coherence Problem.Michael Gorman - 2016 - Faith and Philosophy 33 (3):278-292.
    The traditional claim that Christ is one person who is both divine and human might seem inconsistent with classical conceptions of understanding divinity and humanity. For example, the classical understanding of divinity would seem to require us to hold that divine beings are immaterial, while the classical understanding of humanity would seem to require us to hold that human beings are material, leaving us unable to speak consistently of one person who is divine and human both. This paper argues that (...)
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  47.  22
    Moral Imagination, Trading Zones, and the Role of the Ethicist in Nanotechnology.Michael Gorman, Patricia Werhane & Nathan Swami - 2009 - NanoEthics 3 (3):185-195.
    The societal and ethical impacts of emerging technological and business systems cannot entirely be foreseen; therefore, management of these innovations will require at least some ethicists to work closely with researchers. This is particularly critical in the development of new systems because the maximum degrees of freedom for changing technological direction occurs at or just after the point of breakthrough; that is also the point where the long-term implications are hardest to visualize. Recent work on shared expertise in Science & (...)
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  48. Independence and Substance.Michael Gorman - 2006 - International Philosophical Quarterly 46 (2):147-159.
    The paper takes up a traditional view that has also been a part of some recent analytic metaphysics, namely, the view that substance is to be understood in terms of independence. Taking as my point of departure some recent remarks by Kit Fine, I propose reviving the Aristotelian-scholastic idea that the sense in which substances are independent is that they are non-inherent, and I do so by developing a broad notion of inherence that is more usable in the context of (...)
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  49.  98
    Book Review: Romans in Full Circle: A History of Interpretation. [REVIEW]Michael J. Gorman - forthcoming - Interpretation 61 (3):340-341.
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  50. Book Review: Can I Get a Witness? Reading Revelation Through African American Culture. [REVIEW]Michael J. Gorman - forthcoming - Interpretation 60 (4):471-471.
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