Results for 'Kenith V. Sobel'

999 found
Order:
  1. Strength of early visual adaptation depends on visual awareness.Randolph Blake, Duje Tadin, Kenith V. Sobel, Tony A. Raissian & Sang Chul Chong - 2006 - Pnas Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 103 (12):4783-4788.
  2. The FeatureGate model of visual selection.Kyle R. Cave, Min-Shik Kim, Narcisse P. Bichot & Kenith V. Sobel - 2005 - In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  3.  44
    Constrained Maximization.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1991 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):25 - 51.
    This paper is about David Gauthier’s concept of constrained maximization. Attending to his most detailed and careful account, I try to say how constrained maximization works, and how it might be changed to work better. In section I, that detailed account is quoted along with amplifying passages. Difficulties of interpretation are explained in section II. An articulation, a spelling out, of Gauthier's account is offered in section III to deal with these difficulties. Next, in section IV, constrained maximization thus articulated (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  4. The Design Inference: Eliminating Chance through Small Probabilities.Jordan Howard Sobel - 2003 - Mind 112 (447):521-525.
  5. V—Dimensions of Demandingness.Fiona Woollard - 2016 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 116 (1):89-106.
    The Demandingness Objection is the objection that a moral theory or principle is unacceptable because it asks more than we can reasonably expect. David Sobel, Shelley Kagan and Liam Murphy have each argued that the Demandingness Objection implicitly – and without justification – appeals to moral distinctions between different types of cost. I discuss three sets of cases each of which suggest that we implicitly assume some distinction between costs when applying the Demandingness Objection. We can explain each set (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  6. Parfit's Case Against Subjectivism.David Sobel - 2011 - In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 6: Volume 6. Oxford University Press.
    I argue that Parfit's On What Matters does not make a compelling case against subjective accounts of reasons for action.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  7. Self-Ownership and the Conflation Problem.David Sobel - forthcoming - In Mark Timmons (ed.), Oxford Studies in Normative Ethics.
    Libertarian self-ownership views in the tradition of Locke, Nozick, and the left-libertarians have supposed that we enjoy very powerful deontological protections against infringing upon our property. Such a conception makes sense when we are focused on property that is very important to its owner, such as a person’s kidney. However, this stringency of our property rights is harder to credit when we consider more trivial infringements such as very mildly toxic pollution or trivial risks such having planes fly overhead. Maintaining (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  8. Well-Being as the Object of Moral Consideration.David Sobel - 1998 - Economics and Philosophy 14 (2):249.
    The proposal I offer attempts to remedy the inadequacies of exclusive focus on well-being for moral purposes. The proposal is this: We should allow the agent to decide for herself where she wants to throw the weight that is her due in moral reflection, with the proviso that she understands the way that her weight will be aggregated with others in reaching a moral outcome. I will call this the "autonomy principle." The autonomy principle, I claim, provides the consequentialist's best (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  9. Parfit's Case against Subjectivism.David Sobel - 2011 - In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Volume 6: Volume 6. Oxford University Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  10. Pleasure as a Mental State.David Sobel - 1999 - Utilitas 11 (2):230.
    Shelly Kagan and Leonard Katz have offered versions of hedonism that aspire to occupy a middle position between the view that pleasure is a unitary sensation and the view that pleasure is, as Sidgwick put it, desirable consciousness. Thus they hope to offer a hedonistic account of well-being that does not mistakenly suppose that pleasure is a special kind of tingle, yet to offer a sharp alternative to desire-based accounts. I argue that they have not identified a coherent middle position.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  11. Full information theories of the good.David Sobel - 1994 - In Peter Singer (ed.), Ethics. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 104--784.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  55
    Reply to Robertson.David Sobel - 2003 - Philosophical Papers 32 (2):185-191.
    Philosophical Papers Vol.32(2) 2003: 185-191.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  13.  17
    Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy, Volume 3.David Sobel, Peter Vallentyne & Steven Wall (eds.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the third volume of Oxford Studies in Political Philosophy. The series aims to publish some of the best contemporary work in the vibrant field of political philosophy and its closely related subfields, including jurisprudence, normative economics, political theory in political science departments, and just war theory.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  61
    Michael J. Zimmerman, The Concept of Moral Obligation:The Concept of Moral Obligation.David Sobel - 1999 - Ethics 109 (2):468-470.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  7
    Hyperrational games: Concept and resolutions.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1992 - In Cristina Bicchieri & Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara (eds.), Knowledge, Belief, and Strategic Interaction. New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. Lotteries and Miracles.Jordan Howard Sobel - 2009 - In Jonathan L. Kvanvig (ed.), Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Religion: Volume 2. Oxford University Press UK. pp. 275-316.
    (forthcoming in Oxford Readings in the Philosophy of Religion).
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  36
    ‘Everyone’, consequences, and generalization arguments.J. Howard Sobel - 1967 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 10 (1-4):373-404.
    This paper addresses issues raised by recent discussion in normative ethics which concern relations between properties of individual actions and of certain groups of actions. First, an ambiguity common to ?everyone can? and ?everyone ought? is examined. Next, a similar ambiguity in talk about consequences is studied; here several procedures for identifying and evaluating consequences are compared. Then a notation that untangles the ambiguities is presented. Next, this notation is employed in an analysis of Marcus Singer's deduction of his generalization (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  18.  67
    Ramsey's Foundations Extended to Desirabilities.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1998 - Theory and Decision 44 (3):231-278.
    In his Truth and Probability (1926), Frank Ramsey provides foundations for measures of degrees of belief in propositions and preferences for worlds. Nonquantitative conditions on preferences for worlds, and gambles for worlds and certain near-worlds, are formulated which he says insure that a subject's preferences for worlds are represented by numbers, world values. Numbers, for his degrees of belief in propositions, probabilities, are then defined in terms of his world values. Ramsey does not also propose definitions of desirabilities for propositions, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  19. Hume, Holism, and Miracles.Jordan Howard Sobel - 2003 - Mind 112 (448):728-733.
  20. Morality and virtue: An assessment of some recent work in virtue ethics.David Copp & David Sobel - 2004 - Ethics 114 (3):514-554.
    This essay focuses on three recent books on morality and virtue, Michael Slote's 'Morals from Motives', Rosalind Hursthouse's 'On Virtue Ethics', and Philippa Foot's 'Natural Goodness'. Slote proposes an "agent-based" ethical theory according to which the ethical status of acts is derivative from assessments of virtue. Following Foot's lead, Hursthouse aims to vindicate an ethical naturalism that explains human goodness on the basis of views about human nature. Both Hursthouse and Slote take virtue to be morally basic in a way (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   54 citations  
  21.  16
    Alternative notations for Principia Mathematica description theory: possible modifications.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1976 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 17 (3):476-478.
  22.  32
    Principia Mathematica description theory: the classical and an alternative notation.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1974 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 15 (1):63-72.
  23.  4
    Sentential notations: unique decomposition.Jordan Howard Sobel - 1979 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 20 (2):377-382.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  27
    An Anatomy of Values: Problems of Personal and Social Choice. [REVIEW]Jordan Howard Sobel - 1974 - Philosophical Review 83 (1):131-135.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   23 citations  
  25. A robust hybrid theory of well-being.Steven Wall & David Sobel - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 178 (9):2829-2851.
    This paper articulates and defends a novel hybrid account of well-being. We will call our view a Robust Hybrid. We call it robust because it grants a broad and not subservient role to both objective and subjective values. In this paper we assume, we think plausibly but without argument, that there is a significant objective component to well-being. Here we clarify what it takes for an account of well-being to have a subjective component. Roughly, we argue, it must allow that (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  26. Marxism and the philosophy of language.V. N. Voloshinov - 1973 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Edited by Ladislav Matejka & I. R. Titunik.
    'This book is a masterpiece of theoretical thought. It anticipates the actual achievements of much of what we now call sociolinguistics.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   152 citations  
  27. Advice for Non-analytical Naturalists.Janice Dowell, J. L. & David Sobel - 2017 - In Simon Kirchin (ed.), Reading Parfit. Routledge. pp. 153-171.
    We argue that Parfit's "Triviality Objection" against some naturalistic views of normativity is not compelling. We think that once one accepts, as one should, that identity statements can be informative in virtue of their pragmatics and not only in virtue of their semantics, Parfit's case against naturalism can be overcome.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  28.  40
    Causal Learning Mechanisms in Very Young Children: Two-, Three-, and Four-Year-Olds Infer Causal Relations From Patterns of Variation and Covariation.Clark Glymour, Alison Gopnik, David M. Sobel & Laura E. Schulz - unknown
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   56 citations  
  29.  6
    Novye idei v sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ filosofii.V. G. Fedotova (ed.) - 2006 - Moskva: Institut filosofii RAN.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30. Bayes and Blickets: Effects of Knowledge on Causal Induction in Children and Adults.Thomas L. Griffiths, David M. Sobel, Joshua B. Tenenbaum & Alison Gopnik - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (8):1407-1455.
    People are adept at inferring novel causal relations, even from only a few observations. Prior knowledge about the probability of encountering causal relations of various types and the nature of the mechanisms relating causes and effects plays a crucial role in these inferences. We test a formal account of how this knowledge can be used and acquired, based on analyzing causal induction as Bayesian inference. Five studies explored the predictions of this account with adults and 4-year-olds, using tasks in which (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  31.  43
    Taking Chances.Brian Skyrms & Jordan Howard Sobel - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (3):410.
    When causal decision theory was created in the 1970s, access to Howard Sobel’s contribution was available only in a narrowly circulated mimeographed manuscript. After some time, he allowed his ideas to appear in the form of articles. Here we finally have a book length exposition on Sobel’s causal Bayesian point of view consisting of collected, revised, and amplified papers spanning a period of twenty years.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  32. Disagreeing about how to disagree.Kate Manne & David Sobel - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 168 (3):823-34.
    David Enoch, in Taking Morality Seriously, argues for a broad normative asymmetry between how we should behave when disagreeing about facts and how we should behave when disagreeing due to differing preferences. Enoch claims that moral disputes have the earmarks of a factual dispute rather than a preference dispute and that this makes more plausible a realist understanding of morality. We try to clarify what such claims would have to look like to be compelling and we resist his main conclusions.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  33.  9
    Le concept de « marchandise fictive », pierre angulaire de l'institutionnalisme de Karl Polanyi?Nicolas Postel & Richard Sobel - 2010 - Revue de Philosophie Économique 2 (2):3-35.
  34. Desires, Motives, and Reasons: Scanlon’s Rationalistic Moral Psychology.David Copp & David Sobel - 2002 - Social Theory and Practice 28 (2):243-76.
  35.  53
    Morality, Normativity, and Society, David Copp. Oxford University Press, 1995, xii + 262 pages. [REVIEW]David Sobel - 1998 - Economics and Philosophy 14 (2):349.
  36.  7
    Recensiones.V. V. Aa - 2024 - Isidorianum 2 (4):249-296.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Causal learning in children: Causal maps and Bayes nets.Alison Gopnik, Clark Glymour, David M. Sobel & Laura E. Schultz - unknown
    We outline a cognitive and computational account of causal learning in children. We propose that children employ specialized cognitive systems that allow them to recover an accurate “causal map” of the world: an abstract, coherent representation of the causal relations among events. This kind of knowledge can be perspicuously represented by the formalism of directed graphical causal models, or “Bayes nets”. Human causal learning and inference may involve computations similar to those for learnig causal Bayes nets and for predicting with (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  38.  10
    Ocherki po filosofii i mezhdunarodnomu pravu.S. V. Chernichenko - 2002 - Moskva: Nauchnai︠a︡ kniga.
    Ocherk 1. Voprosy ontologii -- Ocherk 2. Voprosy ėtiki i ėstetiki -- Ocherk 3. Voprosy gnoseologii i aksiologii.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39.  5
    Obraz nauki v ee t︠s︡ennostnom izmerenii: filosofskiĭ analiz.V. A. Belov - 1995 - Novosibirsk: Nauka. Edited by O. S. Razumovskiĭ.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  9
    "Ėpokha nauki" v zerkale modernistsko-postmodernistskogo spora: nauchno-analiticheskiĭ obzor.V. V. Borisenko (ed.) - 1996 - Moskva: Inion Ran.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Full information accounts of well-being.David Sobel - 1994 - Ethics 104 (4):784-810.
  42.  4
    Recensiones.V. V. Aa - 2024 - Isidorianum 4 (8):283-309.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Logic and Theism: Arguments for and Against Beliefs in God.Jordan Howard Sobel - 2003 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Jordan Howard Sobel.
    This is a wide-ranging 2004 book about arguments for and against beliefs in God. The arguments for the belief are analysed in the first six chapters and include ontological arguments from Anselm to Gödel, the cosmological arguments of Aquinas and Leibniz, and arguments from evidence for design and miracles. The next two chapters consider arguments against belief. The last chapter examines Pascalian arguments for and against belief in God. There are discussions of Cantorian problems for omniscience, of challenges to divine (...)
  44.  39
    From Valuing to Value: A Defense of Subjectivism.David Sobel - 2016 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    David Sobel defends subjectivism about well-being and reasons for action: the idea that normativity flows from what an agent cares about, that something is valuable because it is valued. In these essays Sobel explores the tensions between subjective views of reasons and morality, and concludes that they do not undermine subjectivism.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  45.  3
    Note & Recensioni.V. V. Aa - 2023 - Aisthesis: Pratiche, Linguaggi E Saperi Dell’Estetico 16 (1):191-198.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  5
    Logika absoli︠u︡tnogo dvizhenii︠a︡.V. G. Popov - unknown - Sankt-Peterburg: Izdatelʹsvo "Anatolii︠a︡.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Neklassicheskie logiki: trudy nauchno-issledovatelʹskogo seminara po logike Instituta filosofii AN SSSR.V. A. Smirnov & A. S. Karpenko (eds.) - 1985 - Moskva: Akademii︠a︡ nauk SSSR, In-t filosofii.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48. Subjectivism and idealization.David Sobel - 2009 - Ethics 119 (2):336-352.
  49. Shestodnev Ioanna, ėkzarkha Bolgarskogo: V slovo.V. F. æioan (ed.) - 1996 - Moskva: Institut filosofii RAN.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50. The impotence of the demandingness objection.David Sobel - 2007 - Philosophers' Imprint 7:1-17.
    Consequentialism, many philosophers have claimed, asks too much of us to be a plausible ethical theory. Indeed, the theory's severe demandingness is often claimed to be its chief flaw. My thesis is that as we come to better understand this objection, we see that, even if it signals or tracks the existence of a real problem for Consequentialism, it cannot itself be a fundamental problem with the view. The objection cannot itself provide good reason to break with Consequentialism, because it (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   57 citations  
1 — 50 / 999